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1.
East Mediterr Health J ; 27(8): 782-789, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486714

RESUMO

Background: Social media are increasingly being used by young adults worldwide. The question is whether they can be successfully incorporated into health programmes to promote physical activity. Aims: To measure the effect of a WhatsApp-based intervention for promoting physical activity among female college students in Abha, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This randomized controlled trial from November 2019 to January 2020 included 110 students. The intervention group received a brief orientation on exercise and up to 4 physical activity promotion messages per week via WhatsApp for 10 weeks. The messages were obtained from the websites of the US Centers for Disease Control and World Health Organization (WHO). Physical activity was assessed at baseline and at 10-weeks' follow-up using the WHO Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. Results: The 2 groups were similar in sociodemographic and baseline physical activity levels. Postintervention data analysis revealed significant improvement in the proportion of participants with moderate-intensity physical activity in the work and recreation domains. Compared with the control group, mean metabolic equivalents/week of the intervention group improved significantly. The mean difference in total physical activity before and after intervention was significant in all domains and in all categories of activity. The proportion of participants who met the WHO criteria for minimum physical activity per week increased from 69.8% to 90.5% after intervention. Conclusion: Social-network-based interventions improve physical activity and may be incorporated into youth-targeted health programmes.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Mídias Sociais , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Arábia Saudita , Estudantes , Adulto Jovem
2.
Neurosciences (Riyadh) ; 26(1): 69-76, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530046

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate socio-demographic and environmental risk factors of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Aseer region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). METHODS: This was a retrospective, record, and interview based matched case control study completed in the neurology clinics at tertiary hospitals in Aseer, KSA. It included 82 MS cases and 82 controls. The study used a structured questionnaire to collect information on key socio-demographic and environmental exposures. The main outcome measure was a statistically significant relationship of key socio-demographic and environmental risk factors with MS. RESULTS: A total of 82 registered patients, 50 were females, resulting in a female to male ratio of 1.56:1. Various risk factors were found to have a statistically significant association with MS which included female (OR=3.01, 95% CI [1.59:5.69]; p<0.001), family history of MS (OR=2.1, 95%CI [2.4:1.7] p=0.04), low exposure to sunlight (OR=2.02, 95%CI [2.53: 9.9] p<0.001), only fed breast milk in childhood (OR=0.46, 95%CI [0.55:0.39]; p<0.001), parental consanguinity (OR=2.17 95%CI [4.11:1.14] p=0.017), history of chickenpox (OR=15.59 95% CI [68.7:3.55]; p<0.01). On using multiple logistic regression, chicken pox infection (AOR=0.045, 95%CI [0.015-0.135]; p=0.001)and low sun-exposure (AOR=.271, 95%CI [.121-.609]; p<0.05) were deduced as the predictors of MS in this region. CONCLUSION: This study offers unique insights into the risk factors of MS. Low sun exposure and childhood chickenpox are significantly related to the development of MS in the Aseer region.


Assuntos
Esclerose Múltipla/etiologia , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Luz Solar , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Arábia Saudita , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Continuing medical education (CME) is an everlasting process throughout the physician's working life. It helps to deliver better services for the patients. OBJECTIVES: To explore CME among resident physicians in Abha City; their current practices, their opinions, and barriers faced. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among resident physicians at the Ministry of Health hospitals in Abha City using a validated self-administered questionnaire. It included personal characteristics, current CME practices, satisfaction with CME, and barriers to attendance. RESULTS: The present study included 300 residents from 15 training specialties. Their reported CME activities during the previous year were lectures and seminars (79.7%) followed by conferences (43.7%), case presentations (39.7%), workshops (34.0%), group discussion (29/7%), and journal clubs (27.3%). Astonishingly enough, very few (8%) attended online electronic CME activities. There were significant differences in CME satisfaction scores by different training specialties. Regarding residents' perceptions of the effectiveness of different CME activities (conferences/symposia, workshops/courses, and interdepartmental activities) the results showed that workshops and courses were significantly the most effective method compared to the other two methods in retention of knowledge, improving attitudes, improving clinical skills, improving managerial skills, and in improving practice behaviors. Barriers reported were being busy, lack of interest, high cost, and lack of suitable providers. CONCLUSION: Based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that online learning be promoted as a CME format for trainees. There should be support of residents and clinicians through the provision of protected time for their CME activities outside their daily clinical commitments.


Assuntos
Educação Médica Continuada , Médicos , Competência Clínica , Estudos Transversais , Educação Médica Continuada/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação Médica Continuada/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Arábia Saudita
4.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 9(3): 1567-1572, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32509651

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Headache is a common yet neglected health problem. There is a lack of information about its distribution, disease characteristics and associated co morbidities in Aseer region of KSA. This study aims to estimate the migraine and headache prevalence, its epidemiological and disease characteristics and relation with other co morbid conditions among general population of Aseer region, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey of 1123 adult participants during the period from Apr 2018 to Dec 2018. The questionnaire was sent to total of 1420 participants, but only 1123 agreed to participate and completed the questions (response rate 79.1%). Participants were recruited through an online survey from 4 main cities in Aseer region. Participants who refused were excluded. Adults were invited to answer a 25-question electronic survey to assess the prevalence of headache (migraine and non-migraine) and its relations with other diseases. Results: The participant's ages ranged from 17 to 60 years old, with mean age of 32.4 ± 10 years. No history of frequent headaches was reported by 152 (13.5%) while 833 (74.2%) had non-migraine headache (NMH) and 138 (12.3%) had migraine headache (MH). Female gender (2:1), poor sleep duration, cerebrovascular disease, dyslipidemia, chronic sinusitis and depression showed a significant association with migraine. Conclusions and Recommendations: The current research revealed a high prevalence of headache either migraine or non-migraine, twice as common in females and in those with insufficient sleeping hours. Most headache attacks were associated mainly with light in form of flashes, sensitivity or aggravated episodes.

5.
Neurosciences (Riyadh) ; 24(3): 214-220, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31380821

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the awareness about major symptoms, risk factors, and response to stroke among the population in Abha, Southwestern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Improving stroke-related knowledge may advance stroke prevention and reduce pretreatment delay and disabilities. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among a representative sample of primary healthcare adult patients between January-May 2016 and used a validated Arabic questionnaire to evaluate the participants` awareness about stroke. RESULTS: The study involved 1472 adults. Only 63.6% and 43.7% of participants correctly recognized thrombosis and hemorrhage as types of stroke. Commonly identified risk factors were hypertension (55.8%), dyslipidemia (45.8%), and smoking (41.9%). Sudden severe headache (54.1%), dizziness (51.0%), and difficulty in speaking (44.3%) were the most frequently recognized symptoms. The most frequently reported correct responses to stroke were contacting a doctor (73.0%), going to the hospital (67.2%), and calling an ambulance (52.4%). Improper responses to stroke (ignoring the condition or self-prescription) were noted in 18.8% of participants. Logistic regression revealed that physicians, nurses, friends and relatives as a source of knowledge were significantly associated with a lower insufficient knowledge of stroke symptoms and risk factors. On the other hand, women, persons above 40 years old, and married persons were significantly more prone to have insufficient knowledge about a proper response to stroke. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed a notable deficit of knowledge about warning symptoms, risk factors, and proper response to stroke. Health education strategies to improve stroke awareness are required and could potentially prevent and improve the outcome of stroke.


Assuntos
Conscientização , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pacientes/psicologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Arábia Saudita , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia
6.
Saudi Med J ; 39(11): 1109-1115, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30397710

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence, socioeconomic, and demographic determinants of contraceptive use among women of reproductive age residing in Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The data of this study was collected through a cross sectional survey conducted on unmet need for family planning in Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, between March and May 2016. Three hundred and seventy-four married women were recruited from 6 primary health care centers by a consecutive sampling technique. Data was collected via an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Chi-square test was carried out to identify the factors associated with contraceptive use. RESULTS: The prevalence of contraceptive use rate was 58.8%. Among users, 60% were spacers and 40% were limiters. Among more than two-thirds of the women, the decision to use a family planning method was a joint decision of the couple; and 25% reported it as their own decision. Oral pills and  intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD)were the most popular methods. The most significant associated factors were age, education of women, gravida, number of living children, gender, and age of the last child. Younger age was related with the spacers and older age with birth limiting. Woman's education level showed a significant positive association with birth spacing. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that a sizable percentage of women in Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, are using contraceptions. This finding indicates the need of comprehensive family planning program in the region.


Assuntos
Comportamento Contraceptivo/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Intervalo entre Nascimentos , Anticoncepcionais Orais , Tomada de Decisões , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Dispositivos Intrauterinos/estatística & dados numéricos , Autonomia Pessoal , Arábia Saudita
7.
Neurosciences (Riyadh) ; 23(4): 320-325, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30351290

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the basic demographic and disease characteristics of multiple sclerosis (MS) in the Southwest Region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This is a retrospective study on demographics and risk factors of 82 MS cases registered in the Armed Forces Hospital, Khamis Mushayt, and the Aseer Central Hospital, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The study was conducted from April 2017 to April 2018. Data was gathered through interview questionnaires and review of medical records. Frequencies, percentages, means, and standard deviations (SD) were used for descriptive statistics. Chi-square and Fisher exact tests were used to investigate differences between male and female patients at 95% confidence intervals (CI). Differences were considered statistically significant at p<0.05. RESULTS: Out of the total of 82 patients, 50 were female, yielding a female-to-male ratio of 1.56:1. The mean age at disease diagnosis was 30.50+/-9.29 years. As compared to females, the proportion of male patients in the younger age group at disease diagnosis was significantly higher (78.1%, p=0.003) than that in the older age group. Mean disease duration was 4.07+/-3.65 years. The most common variant of the disease was the remitting-relapsing type (64.6%). Optic symptoms (37.8%) were the most common predominant symptom at diagnosis. CONCLUSION: This study provides the baseline information about patients with MS in the Aseer region in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and offers useful insights into male-female differences in the manifestation of this disease. Further prospective studies are needed.


Assuntos
Esclerose Múltipla/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Esclerose Múltipla/patologia , Arábia Saudita , Fatores Sexuais , Visão Ocular
8.
Malays J Med Sci ; 23(6): 94-102, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28090183

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep problems and poor sleep quality are important issues for medical students. This study aimed to investigate the sleep patterns, measure the prevalence of poor sleep quality, and identify the predictors of poor sleep among medical students in King Khalid University (KKU), Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 318 medical students during October-November, 2015. Participants were selected by convenience sampling and data were collected using self-administered questionnaires to obtain information regarding socio-demographic variables and indicators of sleep quality. RESULTS: The overall mean sleep quality score was 6.79 with a standard deviation of 3.06. Poor sleep quality was reported by 74.2% students. Significantly high mean sleep quality scores (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) were observed for students with very poor subjective sleep quality (mean = 10.50, SD = 2.58), least sleep efficiency (mean = 11.21, SD = 2.23), shorter sleep duration (mean = 7.83, SD = 2.88), sleep onset latency more than 30 minutes (mean = 7.82, SD = 2.53), sleeping after midnight (mean = 7.53, SD = 2.95), and use of sleep aiding medication (mean = 8.78, SD = 3.5). Significant differences were observed between good sleepers and poor sleepers regarding these sleep characteristics. Poor sleep was predicted by sleep behaviours such as going to sleep after midnight (AOR = 2.18, 95% CI: 1.20, 3.94) and sleep duration of less than seven hours (AOR = 7.49, 95% CI: 4.24, 13.22). CONCLUSION: Medical students of KKU have poor sleep quality. Longer sleep latency, going to sleep after midnight, and shorter sleep duration are important problems in this group.

9.
J Clin Diagn Res ; 7(12): 2810-3, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24551644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Saudi Arabia has one of the highest prevalence of diabetes. This study was conducted with the following objectives: (1) To study the socio-demographic profile of diabetic patients in Abha. (2) To find the socio-demographic determinants of compliance among diabetic patients in Abha. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A self administered questionnaire which had detailed the socio-demographic features and various aspects of compliance was used on a random sample of registered diabetics at two primary health care centres of Abha. RESULTS: Most of the patients (70.4 percent) were between 40-60 years age. Most of the patients were men (about 60 percent) and Saudis. Majority of patients did not have a university education. Young patients (age<40) were more compliant with all aspects of management, except medication (23.8 percent). Women were significantly more compliant with exercise (49.7 percent), while men were significantly more compliant with follow up (81.1 percent). Saudi patients were significantly compliant with medication (79.2 percent), while non Saudis were compliant with exercise (62.9 percent). All single patients were diet compliant. Smokers were significantly less compliant with exercise. Patients with normal BMI were significantly more compliant with diet and exercise. CONCLUSION: Patients were found to be generally less compliant towards the regimen. Socio-demographic factors which were significantly associated with non compliance were age, gender, nationality, educational status, marital status, smoking status and BMI.

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