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Prog Orthod ; 22(1): 25, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514529


BACKGROUND: Apps have been shown to be an effective tool in changing patients' behaviours in orthodontics and can be used to improve their compliance with treatment. The Behaviour Change Techniques (BCTs) and quality (using MARS) within these apps have previously not been published. OBJECTIVES: 1. To evaluate the quality of these apps aiming to change behaviour. 2. To assess BCTs used in patient focused orthodontic apps. METHODS: The UK Google Play and Apple App Stores were searched to identify all orthodontic apps and 305 apps were identified. All 305 apps were assessed for the presence of BCTs using an accepted taxonomy of BCTs (Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW)), widely utilised in healthcare. Of those containing BCTs, the quality was assessed using the Mobile App Rating Scale (MARS), a validated and multi-dimensional tool which rates apps according to 19 objective criteria. Data collection was carried out by two calibrated, independent assessors and repeated after 6 weeks for 25% of the apps by both assessors. RESULTS: BCTs were found in 31 apps, although only 18 of them were analysed for quality and 13 apps were excluded. Six different BCTs were identified: these were most commonly 'prompts/cues', and 'information about health consequences'. All apps were shown to be of moderate quality (range 3.1-3.7/5). Inter-rater and intra-rater reliability for BCT and quality assessment were excellent. CONCLUSIONS: The current availability of orthodontic apps of sufficient quality to recommend to patients is very limited. There is therefore a need for high-quality orthodontic apps with appropriate BCTs to be created, which may be utilised to improve patients' compliance with treatment.

Aplicativos Móveis , Terapia Comportamental , Humanos , Cooperação do Paciente , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Indian Pediatr ; 52(4): 311-3, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25929629


OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between Vasoactive Inotrope Score (vis) and mortality in children with fluid-refractory septic shock. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 71 children (age 1 mo-16y) admitted with fluid-refractory septic shock in pediatric intensive care unit during a two year period was done. We divided our cohort into two groups viz High vasoactive inotrope score (Group-H) and Low-vasoactive inotrope score (Group-L) based on a cut-off value of 20. RESULTS: 73% of the children were in Group-L. The mortality rate was 44% and 100% in Group L and Group H, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: High inotropic score in children with septic shock is associated with high mortality rate.

Choque Séptico/mortalidade , Choque Séptico/fisiopatologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Hidratação , Humanos , Lactente , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Choque Séptico/epidemiologia , Choque Séptico/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento