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1.
Beilstein J Nanotechnol ; 14: 23-33, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36703908

RESUMO

The present paper considers a mathematical model describing the time evolution of spin states and magnetic properties of a nanomaterial. We present the results of two variants of nanosystem simulations. In the first variant, cobalt with a structure close to the hexagonal close-packed crystal lattice was considered. In the second case, a cobalt nanofilm formed in the previously obtained numerical experiment of multilayer niobium-cobalt nanocomposite deposition was investigated. The sizes of the systems were the same in both cases. For both simulations, after pre-correction in the initial time stages, the value of spin temperature stabilized and tended to the average value. Also, the change in spin temperature occurred near the average value. The system with a real structure had a variable spin temperature compared to that of a system with an ideal structure. In all cases of calculations for cobalt, the ferromagnetic behavior was preserved. Defects in the structure and local arrangement of the atoms cause a deterioration in the magnetic macroscopic parameters, such as a decrease in the magnetization modulus.

2.
Beilstein J Nanotechnol ; 11: 1776-1788, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33299737

RESUMO

This work is a study of the formation processes and the effect of related process parameters of multilayer nanosystems and devices for spintronics. The model system is a superconducting spin valve, which is a multilayer structure consisting of ferromagnetic cobalt nanolayers separated by niobium superconductor nanolayers. The aim was to study the influence of the main technological parameters including temperature, concentration and spatial distribution of deposited atoms over the nanosystem surface on the atomic structure and morphology of the nanosystem. The studies were carried out using the molecular dynamics method using the many-particle potential of the modified embedded-atom method. In the calculation process the temperature was controlled using the Nose-Hoover thermostat. The simulation of the atomic nanolayer formation was performed by alternating the directional deposition of different composition layers under high vacuum and stationary temperature conditions. The structure and thickness of the formed nanolayers and the distribution of elements at their interfaces were studied. The alternating layers of the formed nanosystem and their interfaces are shown to have significantly different atomic structures depending on the main parameters of the deposition process.

4.
Beilstein J Nanotechnol ; 11: 1254-1263, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32874825

RESUMO

We have investigated the structural, magnetic and superconduction properties of [Nb(1.5 nm)/Fe(x)]10 superlattices deposited on a thick Nb(50 nm) layer. Our investigation showed that the Nb(50 nm) layer grows epitaxially at 800 °C on the Al2O3(1-102) substrate. Samples grown at this condition possess a high residual resistivity ratio of 15-20. By using neutron reflectometry we show that Fe/Nb superlattices with x < 4 nm form a depth-modulated FeNb alloy with concentration of iron varying between 60% and 90%. This alloy has weak ferromagnetic properties. The proximity of this weak ferromagnetic layer to a thick superconductor leads to an intermediate phase that is characterized by a suppressed but still finite resistance of structure in a temperature interval of about 1 K below the superconducting transition of thick Nb. By increasing the thickness of the Fe layer to x = 4 nm the intermediate phase disappears. We attribute the intermediate state to proximity induced non-homogeneous superconductivity in the structure.

6.
Beilstein J Nanotechnol ; 7: 957-69, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27547613

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In nanoscale layered S/F1/N/F2/AF heterostructures, the generation of a long-range, odd-in-frequency spin-projection one triplet component of superconductivity, arising at non-collinear alignment of the magnetizations of F1 and F2, exhausts the singlet state. This yields the possibility of a global minimum of the superconducting transition temperature T c, i.e., a superconducting triplet spin-valve effect, around mutually perpendicular alignment. RESULTS: The superconducting triplet spin valve is realized with S = Nb a singlet superconductor, F1 = Cu41Ni59 and F2 = Co ferromagnetic metals, AF = CoO x an antiferromagnetic oxide, and N = nc-Nb a normal conducting (nc) non-magnetic metal, which serves to decouple F1 and F2. The non-collinear alignment of the magnetizations is obtained by applying an external magnetic field parallel to the layers of the heterostructure and exploiting the intrinsic perpendicular easy-axis of the magnetization of the Cu41Ni59 thin film in conjunction with the exchange bias between CoO x and Co. The magnetic configurations are confirmed by superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetic moment measurements. The triplet spin-valve effect has been investigated for different layer thicknesses, d F1, of F1 and was found to decay with increasing d F1. The data is described by an empirical model and, moreover, by calculations using the microscopic theory. CONCLUSION: The long-range triplet component of superconducting pairing is generated from the singlet component mainly at the N/F2 interface, where the amplitude of the singlet component is suppressed exponentially with increasing distance d F1. The decay length of the empirical model is found to be comparable to twice the electron mean free path of F1 and, thus, to the decay length of the singlet component in F1. Moreover, the obtained data is in qualitative agreement with the microscopic theory, which, however, predicts a (not investigated) breakdown of the triplet spin-valve effect for d F1 smaller than 0.3 to 0.4 times the magnetic coherence length, ξF1.

8.
Beilstein J Nanotechnol ; 2: 809-13, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22259764

RESUMO

The effect of depositing FeO nanoparticles with a diameter of 10 nm onto the surface of MgB(2) thin films on the critical current density was studied in comparison with the case of uncoated MgB(2) thin films. We calculated the superconducting critical current densities (J(c)) from the magnetization hysteresis (M-H) curves for both sets of samples and found that the J(c) value of FeO-coated films is higher at all fields and temperatures than the J(c) value for uncoated films, and that it decreases to ~10(5) A/cm(2) at B = 1 T and T = 20 K and remains approximately constant at higher fields up to 7 T.

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