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FEBS Lett ; 595(14): 1876-1885, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060653


IM30, the inner membrane-associated protein of 30 kDa, is conserved in cyanobacteria and chloroplasts. Although its exact physiological function is still mysterious, IM30 is clearly essential for thylakoid membrane biogenesis and/or dynamics. Recently, a cryptic IM30 GTPase activity has been reported, albeit thus far no physiological function has been attributed to this. Yet, it is still possible that GTP binding/hydrolysis affects formation of the prototypical large homo-oligomeric IM30 ring and rod structures. Here, we show that the Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 IM30 protein in fact is an NTPase that hydrolyzes GTP and ATP, but not CTP or UTP, with about identical rates. While IM30 forms large oligomeric ring complexes, nucleotide binding and/or hydrolysis are clearly not required for ring formation.

Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Guanosina Trifosfato/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Nucleosídeo-Trifosfatase/metabolismo , Synechocystis/enzimologia , Tilacoides/enzimologia , Trifosfato de Adenosina/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Clonagem Molecular , Ensaios Enzimáticos , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Vetores Genéticos/química , Vetores Genéticos/metabolismo , Guanosina Trifosfato/química , Hidrólise , Cinética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Microscopia Eletrônica , Nucleosídeo-Trifosfatase/genética , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Especificidade por Substrato , Synechocystis/genética , Synechocystis/ultraestrutura , Tilacoides/genética , Tilacoides/ultraestrutura
Commun Biol ; 3(1): 595, 2020 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087858


Members of the phage shock protein A (PspA) family, including the inner membrane-associated protein of 30 kDa (IM30), are suggested to stabilize stressed cellular membranes. Furthermore, IM30 is essential in thylakoid membrane-containing chloroplasts and cyanobacteria, where it is involved in membrane biogenesis and/or remodeling. While it is well known that PspA and IM30 bind to membranes, the mechanism of membrane stabilization is still enigmatic. Here we report that ring-shaped IM30 super-complexes disassemble on membranes, resulting in formation of a membrane-protecting protein carpet. Upon ring dissociation, the C-terminal domain of IM30 unfolds, and the protomers self-assemble on membranes. IM30 assemblies at membranes have been observed before in vivo and were associated with stress response in cyanobacteria and chloroplasts. These assemblies likely correspond to the here identified carpet structures. Our study defines the thus far enigmatic structural basis for the physiological function of IM30 and related proteins, including PspA, and highlights a hitherto unrecognized concept of membrane stabilization by intrinsically disordered proteins.

Membrana Celular/química , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/química , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Complexos Multiproteicos/química , Complexos Multiproteicos/metabolismo , Multimerização Proteica , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Lipossomos , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Modelos Moleculares , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Proteínas Recombinantes , Análise Espectral , Synechocystis
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(12)2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32630559


The inner membrane-associated protein of 30 kDa (IM30) is crucial for the development and maintenance of the thylakoid membrane system in chloroplasts and cyanobacteria. While its exact physiological function still is under debate, it has recently been suggested that IM30 has (at least) a dual function, and the protein is involved in stabilization of the thylakoid membrane as well as in Mg2+-dependent membrane fusion. IM30 binds to negatively charged membrane lipids, preferentially at stressed membrane regions where protons potentially leak out from the thylakoid lumen into the chloroplast stroma or the cyanobacterial cytoplasm, respectively. Here we show in vitro that IM30 membrane binding, as well as membrane fusion, is strongly increased in acidic environments. This enhanced activity involves a rearrangement of the protein structure. We suggest that this acid-induced transition is part of a mechanism that allows IM30 to (i) sense sites of proton leakage at the thylakoid membrane, to (ii) preferentially bind there, and to (iii) seal leaky membrane regions via membrane fusion processes.

Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Cloroplastos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Tilacoides/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Cianobactérias/metabolismo , Fusão de Membrana/fisiologia , Lipídeos de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Membranas/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica/fisiologia , Prótons , Synechocystis/metabolismo
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 9793, 2020 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555292


The function of IM30 (also known as Vipp1) is linked to protection and/or remodeling of the thylakoid membrane system in chloroplasts and cyanobacteria. Recently, it has been revealed that the Arabidopsis IM30 protein exhibits GTP hydrolyzing activity in vitro, which was unexpected, as IM30 does not show any classical GTPase features. In the present study, we addressed the question, whether an apparent GTPase activity is conserved in IM30 proteins and can also be observed for IM30 of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. We show that Synechocystis IM30 is indeed able to bind and hydrolyze GTP followed by the release of Pi. Yet, the apparent GTPase activity of Synechocystis IM30 does not depend on Mg2+, which, together with the lack of classical GTPase features, renders IM30 an atypical GTPase. To elucidate the impact of this cryptic GTPase activity on the membrane remodeling activity of IM30, we tested whether GTP hydrolysis influences IM30 membrane binding and/or IM30-mediated membrane fusion. We show that membrane remodeling by Synechocystis IM30 is slightly affected by nucleotides. Yet, despite IM30 clearly catalyzing GTP hydrolysis, this does not seem to be vital for its membrane remodeling function.

Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Guanosina Trifosfato/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Synechocystis/metabolismo , Hidrólise , Magnésio/metabolismo , Fusão de Membrana , Nucleotídeos/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica
Front Plant Sci ; 10: 1500, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824532


The inner membrane-associated protein of 30 kDa (IM30), also known as the vesicle-inducing protein in plastids 1 (Vipp1), is essential for photo-autotrophic growth of cyanobacteria, algae and higher plants. While its exact function still remains largely elusive, it is commonly accepted that IM30 is crucially involved in thylakoid membrane biogenesis, stabilization and/or maintenance. A characteristic feature of IM30 is its intrinsic propensity to form large homo-oligomeric protein complexes. 15 years ago, it has been reported that these supercomplexes have a ring-shaped structure. However, the in vivo significance of these ring structures is not finally resolved yet and the formation of more complex assemblies has been reported. We here present and discuss research on IM30 conducted within the past 25 years with a special emphasis on the question of why we potentially need IM30 supercomplexes in vivo.