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Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32662413


OBJECTIVES: We aimed to measure long-term effectiveness and safety of tocilizumab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis in daily German practice. METHODS: ICHIBAN was a prospective, multi-centre, non-interventional study (ML22928) that enrolled adult patients with active moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis. Patients were to be treated according to tocilizumab label and observed for up to two years. Effectiveness outcomes included DAS28-ESR remission, EULAR response, CDAI and HAQ. RESULTS: Overall, 3164 patients received at least one dose of tocilizumab. Patient mean age was 55.5±13.1 years (74.8% female). At baseline, 72.1% of patients had at least one comorbidity. Approximately 50.9% of patients received concomitant csDMARDs, mostly methotrexate, and 80.7% received concomitant glucocorticoids (GCs). In patients receiving GCs at baseline, the mean dose decreased from 9.32±16.36 mg/d to 4.60±4.48 mg/d at week 104. In the effectiveness population with no prior TCZ (n=2902), 61.4% of patients achieved the primary outcome, DAS28-ESR remission. Improvements were seen as early as week 4. At week 104, 77.9% of patients had DAS28-ESR low disease activity, 89.6% achieved good or moderate EULAR response, and 29.5% achieved a CDAI-based remission. Effectiveness outcomes were similar in all previous therapy subgroups. The incidence of serious infections was similar to the rates in former studies involving tocilizumab. Patients receiving GC at baseline experienced slightly higher rates of treatment-related serious adverse events, mainly infections. No new safety signals were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term effectiveness and safety in ICHIBAN were in line with previously reported tocilizumab efficacy and safety studies.

Z Rheumatol ; 78(5): 479-485, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087134


INTRODUCTION: Many regions in the middle of Germany have a deficit in specialized rheumatological care. A survey was undertaken to investigate whether the regional capacities for rheumatological advanced training are sufficient to provide an adequate number of rheumatologists in the future. METHODS: All 91 rheumatologists registered in Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia received a questionnaire that was sent back by 66% of the recipients (23 responses from Saxony, 19 from Saxony-Anhalt, 18 from Thuringia). Of the rheumatologists 41 were in private practice, 19 worked in an inpatient department and the mean duration of professional activity was 18 years. RESULTS: Over the last decade the number of patients treated by rheumatologists in private practices increased from 1200 to 1500 per quarter year (p < 0.001), whereas the number of first consultations rose from 100 to 130 per quarter year (p = 0.06). The waiting time for a first consultation rose from 8 to 11 weeks (p = 0.01), 32% of the responders indicated that the conditions for outpatient treatment had either improved or had remained constant during the last 10 years, whereas 60% reported a mild or marked deterioration and 48% stated that the number of rheumatologists had decreased within the same time frame. Only 20% indicated that they had a definite successor in the practice after retirement. All inpatient departments also had an outpatient office. During the last 10 years, the number of consultations per quarter year decreased from 1100 to 700 (not significant), while the waiting time doubled from 6 to 12 weeks (rounded mean). Of the rheumatologists in private practice eight are currently entitled to provide advanced education in rheumatology, with a median training period of 18 months; however, none of the responding physicians had actually brought assistant doctors to the final examination during the last decade and only one prospective rheumatologist was currently completing training in a private practice setting. Only 6 out of 12 inpatient rheumatological facilities are entitled to educate rheumatologists over the whole training period, 5 facilities were not involved in training at all and 7 indicated that they lacked applications for rheumatology training. During the last 10 years, 37 rheumatologists completed the training of which 18 went into private practice, 8 worked as general practitioners and 29 remained in the region of their initial training. CONCLUSION: Given the increase in the number of outpatients served, the volume of training activities in rheumatology is hardly sufficient to improve the deficit of rheumatological care in the middle of Germany.

Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Reumatologistas/psicologia , Reumatologia/educação , Reumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Alemanha , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários