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1.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e0088, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531566

RESUMO

The main of the study was quantify the effect of two ceramics with two underlying resin cements on apparent fluorescence levels. Buccal surfaces of two bovine incisors were ground flat producing one enamel and one dentin substrate. The veneers were fabricated (0.5 and 1.0 mm thickness) using two ceramics (IPSe.max Press and IPSe.max Zirpress, Ivoclar Vivadent). Veneers were cemented using either light-cured (Variolink II, Ivoclar Vivadent) or self-adhesive dual (Rely X U200, 3M ESPE) cement. The layered Control group materials had no cement application. Semi-quantitative fluorescence image analysis (Matlabs software, Matworks) involved processing the images as captured under each daylight (DL, Gretagmacbeth) and ultraviolet illuminants (UVA, Sylvania) within a neutral-gray lightbox (Macbeth Spectral Light). Statistical analysis of the quantitative fluorescence values was performed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (p < 0.05). The e.max Zirpress on the dentin substrate produced greater fluorescence (p < 0.05) when subjected to UV illumination and more fluorescence (p < 0.05) than e.max Press in both cement groups. Light-cured cement produced higher (p < 0.05) fluorescence than the dual-cement with e.max Press on enamel under UV illumination. The fluorescence for e.max Press on the dentin substrate was greater (p < 0.05) than for e.max Zirpress using dual self-adhesive cement subjected to daylight illumination. Thus, it is possible to conclude that the combination of ceramic and cement produce definite, significant effects on the apparent fluorescence, vital quality for restorative dentistry.


Assuntos
Cerâmica/química , Facetas Dentárias , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Cimentos de Resina/química , Animais , Bovinos , Esmalte Dentário/química , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/química , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Luz , Teste de Materiais , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Propriedades de Superfície
2.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e0088, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1019596

RESUMO

Abstract The main of the study was quantify the effect of two ceramics with two underlying resin cements on apparent fluorescence levels. Buccal surfaces of two bovine incisors were ground flat producing one enamel and one dentin substrate. The veneers were fabricated (0.5 and 1.0 mm thickness) using two ceramics (IPSe.max Press and IPSe.max Zirpress, Ivoclar Vivadent). Veneers were cemented using either light-cured (Variolink II, Ivoclar Vivadent) or self-adhesive dual (Rely X U200, 3M ESPE) cement. The layered Control group materials had no cement application. Semi-quantitative fluorescence image analysis (Matlabs software, Matworks) involved processing the images as captured under each daylight (DL, Gretagmacbeth) and ultraviolet illuminants (UVA, Sylvania) within a neutral-gray lightbox (Macbeth Spectral Light). Statistical analysis of the quantitative fluorescence values was performed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (p < 0.05). The e.max Zirpress on the dentin substrate produced greater fluorescence (p < 0.05) when subjected to UV illumination and more fluorescence (p < 0.05) than e.max Press in both cement groups. Light-cured cement produced higher (p < 0.05) fluorescence than the dual-cement with e.max Press on enamel under UV illumination. The fluorescence for e.max Press on the dentin substrate was greater (p < 0.05) than for e.max Zirpress using dual self-adhesive cement subjected to daylight illumination. Thus, it is possible to conclude that the combination of ceramic and cement produce definite, significant effects on the apparent fluorescence, vital quality for restorative dentistry.

3.
Arq. odontol ; 54: 1-8, jan.-dez. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-997341

RESUMO

Objetivo: Relatar a taxa de sobrevivência de implantes imediatos suportando overdentures mandibulares, em carga imediata, e o índice de sucesso dos tratamentos acompanhados por 36 meses. Métodos: Os implantes foram instalados em um projeto de extensão universitária que se propõe a reabilitar pacientes de baixa renda, com dentição seriamente comprometida. Quarenta e dois pacientes foram selecionados para o estudo. Em três casos, não se alcançou travamento primário compatível com o procedimento de carga imediata sobre implantes. Nesses pacientes, as próteses foram capturadas de forma convencional, após o período de osseointegração. Trinta e nove pacientes receberam o tratamento proposto. Três deles sofreram perda precoce de um dos implantes, todos ainda no primeiro mês após os procedimentos. Os implantes perdidos foram, posteriormente, substituídos e recapturados após três meses. Trinta e seis pacientes completaram o período de osseointegração sem apresentar perdas. Os pacientes passaram, então, a ser avaliados semestralmente, sendo que 25 completaram o estudo. Onze pacientes não compareceram às consultas de reavaliação por motivos variados. Resultados: A taxa de sobrevivência, até o final do período de osseointegração foi de 96,15%, isso é, 3 implantes perdidos em 78 imediatamente carregados. O índice de sucesso dos tratamentos acompanhados por 36 meses foi de 100%, uma vez que não foi observada nenhuma perda adicional de implantes. Conclusão: A reabilitação oral de pacientes que perderam todos os seus dentes mandibulares, por meio de overdentures sobre implantes imediatos não esplintados, em carga imediata, utilizando-se o sistema bola, mostrou-se muito satisfatório, com alta taxa de sobrevivência dos implantes, e alto índice de sucesso dos tratamentos acompanhados por 36 meses. O projeto de extensão tem observado resultados clínicos, tanto estéticos quanto funcionais, altamente satisfatórios, proporcionando uma melhora acentuada na autoestima e na qualidade de vida da população assistida.


Aim:This study aimed to report the survival rate of immediate implants supporting mandibular overdentures, which have been immediately loaded, and the success rate of the treatments followed up for 36 months. Methods: The implants were installed in a university extension project that seeks to rehabilitate low-income patients with seriously compromised dentitions. Forty-two patients were selected for the study. In three cases, the primary stability proved to be incompatible with the immediate loading procedure on implants. Thus, in these cases prostheses were captured conventionally after the period of osseointegration. Thirtynine patients received the proposed treatment. Three of them suffered an early loss of one of the implants, all in the first month after the procedures. The lost implants were replaced and recaptured after three months. Thirty-six patients completed the period of osseointegration without implant loss. The patients were evaluated every six months, and twenty-five patients completed the study. Eleven patients did not take part in the follow-up sessions for various reasons. Results: The survival rate until the end of the period of osseointegration was 96.15%, in other words, within the 78 immediately loaded implants, three were lost. The success rate of treatments followed up for 36 months was 100%, without additional loss of implants. Conclusion: The oral rehabilitation of patients using overdentures on immediate implants with immediate loading, using the ball system, proved to be very satisfactory, with a high survival rate of the implants, and high success rates of treatments followed up for 36 months.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Qualidade de Vida , Implantes Dentários , Osseointegração , Prótese Total Imediata , Revestimento de Dentadura , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário , Reabilitação Bucal , Resultado do Tratamento , Estética Dentária
4.
Gen Dent ; 65(2): 23-27, 2017 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28253178

RESUMO

In this study, the influence of different irrigant solutions applied before cementation on the bond strength (BS) of glass fiber posts to root dentin was evaluated. Thirty endodontically treated maxillary canines of similar length were selected and divided into 3 groups (n = 10) according to the irrigant solution used before post cementation: 1% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl; control), 2% chlorhexidine (CHX), or a 6.5% grape seed extract (GSE) cross-linking agent. After cementation of the posts, the roots were transversely sectioned to create 2 discs (2 mm) for each of the root thirds: coronal, middle, and apical. These discs were submitted to push-out tests (0.5 mm/min) to evaluate the BS between the glass fiber posts and the root dentin. Statistical analysis was performed by a 2-way analysis of variance and a Tukey test (P < 0.05). The failure mode was evaluated in all specimens. Both the CHX and GSE groups presented significantly higher BS values than the control group in all root thirds (P < 0.05). The values of the GSE group were significantly higher than those of the CHX group in all thirds except the apical third (P < 0.05). In the control group, the BS value was highest in the cervical third. There was no significant difference in the BS values between the cervical and middle thirds when CHX was used (P > 0.05); however, the BS value diminished significantly in the apical third (P < 0.05). The highest BS value in the GSE group was found in the middle third. The results showed that the use of either GSE or CHX before adhesive cementation improved the BS of glass fiber posts to root dentin.


Assuntos
Cimentação , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Proantocianidinas/farmacologia , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Raiz Dentária , Cimentação/métodos , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Adesivos Dentinários/uso terapêutico , Vidro , Humanos , Hipoclorito de Sódio/farmacologia
5.
Braz Dent J ; 27(1): 95-100, 2016 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27007354

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of accelerated aging (AAA) on the color stability of resin cements for bonding ceramic laminate veneers of different thicknesses. The occlusal surfaces of 80 healthy human molars were flattened. Ceramic laminate veneers (IPS e-max Ceram) of two thicknesses (0.5 and 1.0 mm) were bonded with three types of luting agents: light-cured, conventional dual and self-adhesive dual cement. Teeth without restorations and cement samples (0.5 mm) were used as control. After initial color evaluations, the samples were subjected to AAA for 580 h. After this, new color readouts were made, and the color stability (ΔE) and luminosity (ΔL) data were analyzed. The greatest color changes (p<0.05) occurred when 0.5 mm veneers were fixed with light-cured cement and the lowest when 1.0 mm veneers were fixed with conventional dual cement. There was no influence of the restoration thickness when the self-adhesive dual cement was used. When veneers were compared with the control groups, it was verified that the cement samples presented the greatest alterations (p<0.05) in comparison with both substrates and restored teeth. Therefore, it was concluded that the thickness of the restoration influences color and luminosity changes for conventional dual and light-cured cements. The changes in self-adhesive cement do not depend on restoration thickness.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Cor , Cimentos Dentários/química , Facetas Dentárias , Humanos
6.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(1): 95-100, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-777144

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of accelerated aging (AAA) on the color stability of resin cements for bonding ceramic laminate veneers of different thicknesses. The occlusal surfaces of 80 healthy human molars were flattened. Ceramic laminate veneers (IPS e-max Ceram) of two thicknesses (0.5 and 1.0 mm) were bonded with three types of luting agents: light-cured, conventional dual and self-adhesive dual cement. Teeth without restorations and cement samples (0.5 mm) were used as control. After initial color evaluations, the samples were subjected to AAA for 580 h. After this, new color readouts were made, and the color stability (ΔE) and luminosity (ΔL) data were analyzed. The greatest color changes (p<0.05) occurred when 0.5 mm veneers were fixed with light-cured cement and the lowest when 1.0 mm veneers were fixed with conventional dual cement. There was no influence of the restoration thickness when the self-adhesive dual cement was used. When veneers were compared with the control groups, it was verified that the cement samples presented the greatest alterations (p<0.05) in comparison with both substrates and restored teeth. Therefore, it was concluded that the thickness of the restoration influences color and luminosity changes for conventional dual and light-cured cements. The changes in self-adhesive cement do not depend on restoration thickness.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência do envelhecimento artificial acelerado (EAA) sobre a estabilidade de cor de cimentos resinosos para fixação de laminados cerâmicos em diferentes espessuras. Oitenta molares humanos hígidos tiveram as faces oclusais planificadas. Laminados cerâmicos (IPS e-max Ceram, Ivoclar Vivadent) em duas espessuras (0,5 e 1,0mm) foram fixados com 3 tipos de cimentos: Fotoativado (Variolink II, Ivoclar/Vivadent), Dual convencional (Variolink II + catalisador, Ivoclar/Vivadent) ou Dual auto-adesivo (Rely-X Unicem, 3M ESPE). Dentes sem restaurações e amostras de cimentos (0,5mm) foram utilizados como controle. Após as leituras de cor iniciais (Vita EasyShade, VITA), as amostras foram submetidas a EAA por 580 horas. Em seguida, novas leituras de cor foram realizadas e os dados de estabilidade de cor (ΔE) e luminosidade (ΔL) foram analisados (ANOVA, dois fatores e Bonferroni, p<0,05). As maiores alterações de cor (p<0,05) ocorreram quando as restaurações de 0,5 mm foram fixadas com cimento fotoativado, e as menores quando restaurações de 1.0mm foram fixadas com cimento dual convencional. Não houve influência (p>0,05) da espessura da restauração quando utilizado o cimento dual autoadesivo. Quando as restaurações foram comparadas aos grupos controle (ANOVA um fator e Tukey, p<0.05), verificou-se que as amostras de cimento apresentaram as maiores alterações (p<0,05) em relação ao substrato e aos dentes restaurados. Conclui-se que a espessura da restauração influencia na alteração de cor e na luminosidade do cimento dual convencional e fotoativado. As alterações do cimento autoadesivo não dependem da espessura da restauração.


Assuntos
Humanos , Cerâmica , Cor , Cimentos Dentários/química , Facetas Dentárias
7.
J Dent ; 41 Suppl 3: e62-6, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23089081

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the color stability (ΔE) of experimental composites containing different photoinitiators when submitted to accelerated artificial ageing (AAA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty test specimens were made in a Teflon matrix (8mm×2mm), using an experimental composite (n=10) with the same monomer composition and particle size, but varying photoinitiator used: Group CQ (0.4% Camphorquinone), Group PPD (0.4% 1-Phenyl-1,2 Propanodione) and Group CQ+PPD (0.2% CQ+0.2% PPD). The samples were light activated (QTH - Ultralux - Dabi Atlante - 40s) and polished before performing the initial color readouts (EasyShade - Vita). Next, they were submitted to AAA for 300h, after which final color readouts were made. RESULTS: The results (1-way ANOVA - Tukey - p<0.05) demonstrated that all the groups presented color alteration above the clinically acceptable level (ΔE≥3.3), however, with no statistically significant difference among them (p>0.05). Analysis of Δb demonstrated increase in the values of this coordinate, indicating yellowing in all groups. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that the type of photoinitiator, which presented a tendency towards yellowing, did not interfere in the color stability of composites submitted to AAA. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Alternative photoinitiators have been extensively studied since Camphorquinone presents a yellowish color, which compromises the aesthetic performance of composites, especially the lighter-shade ones.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Materiais Dentários/química , Fotoiniciadores Dentários/química , Algoritmos , Silicatos de Alumínio/química , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/química , Cânfora/análogos & derivados , Cânfora/química , Chalconas , Cor , Luzes de Cura Dentária/classificação , Polimento Dentário/métodos , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários/instrumentação , Metacrilatos/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/química , Poliuretanos/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Vapor , Temperatura Ambiente , Fatores de Tempo , Raios Ultravioleta
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