Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 37
Filtrar
1.
Int Endod J ; 2021 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601728

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the influence of traditional and conservative access cavity preparations on the remaining dentine thickness in the coronal third of mesial canals of extracted mandibular molars prepared with reciprocating instruments using micro-computed tomography as the analytical tool. METHODOLOGY: Seventy extracted mandibular molars were scanned at a pixel size of 19 µm. From this initial sample, 20 teeth were selected, pair-matched and distributed into two groups (n = 10) according to the access cavity preparation: traditional (TradAC) or conservative (ConsAC). The root canals were sequentially enlarged with Reciproc Blue R25 (size 25, 0.08v taper) and R40 (size 40, 0.06v taper) instruments. A new scan was performed and the postoperative stacks were coregistered with their respective preoperative datasets. A colour-coded cross sections of the roots were created and used to identify and measure the smallest dentine thickness related to both MB and ML canals at 1.0-mm intervals from the furcation level of up to 5 mm in the apical direction, in both mesial and distal aspects of the roots, before and after preparation. The statistical analyses were performed with paired-samples t-test, independent-samples Student T-test and Chi-Square test with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: At all levels of both groups, dentine thickness before preparation was greater than after preparation (p < .05). No difference in the percentage of dentine reduction was observed between TradAC and ConsAC groups (p > .05), but a significantly greater reduction was observed to the distal aspect of the roots (p < .05). After root canal preparation, dentine thinner than 0.5 mm was observed mostly along the distal aspect of the root (10% to 15%) of the MB and ML canals, with no influence of the access cavity type on its incidence to either mesial (X2  = 1.66; p = .2) or distal (X2  = 0.40; p = .5) directions. In the TradAC group, dentine thickness in most slices was greater than 1.0 mm after preparation (n = 124) whilst, in the ConsAC, it ranged from 0.5 to 1.0 mm (n = 136). CONCLUSION: Traditional or conservative access cavity preparation in extracted mandibular molars did not influence the remaining dentine thickness in the coronal third of mesial canals enlarged with thermomechanically treated nickel-titanium reciprocating instruments.

2.
Aust Endod J ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498341

RESUMO

This systematic review (PROSPERO - CRD42020150722) was performed to answer the following question: Does the use of chelating agents affect the dislodgment resistance of epoxy resin-based root canal sealers? A search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, LILACS and Web of Science, hand searching of two endodontic journals and grey literature until September 2020. Extracted data included: teeth used, sample size, root canal preparation, irrigant, chelating solution, neutralisation solution, type of resin-based sealer and obturation approach, storage method and duration, root third and slice thickness, plunger dimension and loading direction and the push-out testing parameters and values. The search retrieved a total of 2.389 studies. After analysis, 12 studies fulfilled the eligibility criteria and were included. Most of the final irrigation protocols with chelating agents had a positive impact and promoted an improvement in the dislodgment resistance of epoxy resin-based sealers to the root dentin.

3.
Int Endod J ; 54(9): 1653-1658, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33977555

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the bond strength of an epoxy resin-based sealer and two calcium silicate-based sealers (CSS) to gutta-percha discs using a new method. METHODOLOGY: Round discs of gutta-percha (n = 60), measuring 10 mm in diameter and 2 mm in thickness, were placed on a glass plate and a drop of each sealer (AH Plus, EndoSequence BC Sealer and EndoSeal MTA) was placed on their surface. Another identical disc was placed onto the first one and a standardized weight (0.0981 N) applied over them using a specially developed apparatus. Ten samples prepared for each sealer were submitted to a microshear bond strength test accomplished by a specially designed set-up coupled to a universal testing machine. The Kruskal-Wallis test followed by a post hoc procedure was used to compare groups considering the preliminary analysis of the raw data had indicated the nonadherence to a Gaussian distribution (Shapiro-Wilk, p < .05). Alpha error was set at 5%. RESULTS: Overall, no premature failure occurred. All sealers had some degree of adhesiveness to gutta-percha discs but with a significant difference amongst them (Kruskal-Wallis, p = .019). The epoxy resin-based sealer (AH Plus) had significantly higher median shear bond strength values (1.43 MPa; 1.40-1.83) compared to EndoSeal MTA (0.53 MPa; 0.46-0.73) (p = .021) and EndoSequence BC Sealer (0.45 MPa; 0.34-0.46) (p = .023), whilst the lowest median value was observed with EndoSequence BC Sealer (0.45 MPa; 0.34-0.46) (p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: CSS sealers had weaker bonding to gutta-percha when compared to the epoxy resin-based AH Plus sealer. The proposed methodology is an innovative and reproducible method for testing the bond strength of root canal sealers to gutta-percha.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Cavidade Pulpar , Resinas Epóxi , Guta-Percha , Teste de Materiais , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Silicatos
4.
J Endod ; 47(8): 1253-1264, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33901542

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The presence of multiple root canals is an important morphologic aspect of mandibular premolars. This study aimed to perform a worldwide analysis on the prevalence of a lingual canal in mandibular premolars and to evaluate its influence on patients' demographics in 23 countries using cone-beam computed tomographic images. METHODS: Observers from 23 countries were instructed to evaluate cone-beam computed tomographic images of 300 first and 300 second premolars (13,800 teeth) regarding the presence of a lingual canal, canal configuration, and data related to patients' ethnicity, age, and sex following a standardized screening methodology. Intra- and interrater evaluations were performed using the Cohen kappa test and intraclass correlation coefficient. Proportion and odds ratio forest plots were calculated in order to compare groups. Statistical significance was set at 5%. RESULTS: Both kappa and intraclass correlation coefficient values were above 0.60, and the percentage of agreement was 94.9% (first premolar) and 97.8% (second premolar). A significant statistical difference was observed between the worldwide proportion of a lingual canal in mandibular first (23.8%; range, 12.0%-32.7%) and second (5.3%; range, 1.0%-15.3%) premolars (P < .05). Asians and patients over 60 years old were associated with the lowest proportions of a lingual canal (P < .05), whereas Africans and younger groups were associated with the highest proportions (P < .05). The prevalence of a lingual canal in males (27.9%) was higher than females (20.0%) for the first premolar only (P < .05). Males were associated with 1.533 and 1.597 higher odds of presenting a lingual root canal in the first and second premolars, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The worldwide proportion of a lingual root canal was 23.6% and 5.3% for the first and second premolars, respectively. Ethnicity, geographic region, age, and sex had an influence on the outcomes.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Raiz Dentária , Dente Pré-Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Estudos Transversais , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Prevalência
5.
Aust Endod J ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905149

RESUMO

This study assessed the pulp tissue dissolution from isthmus of a two-rooted maxillary premolar using different final irrigation protocols. After root canal preparation, the surface of the tooth was reduced to an extent that the isthmus could be observed, and 1 mg of pulp tissue was introduced into the isthmus which was covered with a glass slide. Following six groups were tested: syringe and needle; subsonic activation; sonic activation; ultrasonic activation; heating followed by sonic activation; and heating followed by ultrasonic activation. Before and after each experiment a photograph of the isthmus was taken at 30× to register the area of the pulp tissue. Statistical analysis was performed with Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (P < 0.05). Syringe and needle group showed the lower value of pulp tissue dissolution followed by subsonic irrigation procedures. Pulp tissue dissolution was significantly higher when heating was followed by sonic or ultrasonic activation.

6.
Aust Endod J ; 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729635

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of supplementary methods to remove the remaining root filling material from root canals. Twenty mandibular single-rooted teeth were instrumented with Reciproc 25/0.08 and filled with gutta-percha and AH-Plus sealer, followed by a micro-CT scanning. The retreatment procedures were performed, the samples were rescanned and divided into two groups (n = 10) according to the supplementary method: XP-endo Finisher R and Clearsonic tip. The samples were rescanned and the volume of remaining root filling material was quantified. Data were analysed statistically (P < 0.05). The amount of filling material removed after supplementary methods was higher compared with retreatment procedure (P < 0.05). XP-endo Finisher R promoted a greater percentage of filling materials reduction in the entire root canal and apical third compared with Clearsonic tip (P < 0.05). Supplementary methods were effective in the reduction of root filling materials. XP-endo Finisher R removed more root filling material than Clearsonic tip.

7.
Aust Endod J ; 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523574

RESUMO

This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated whether epoxy resin-based root canal sealers present an increased solubility than calcium silicate-based root canal sealers. A systematic search was performed in the following databases: PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science and Open Grey. The inclusion criteria consisted of in vitro studies that compared the solubility of epoxy resin-based and calcium silicate-based sealers. The quality assessment and data extraction of the selected articles were performed. The meta-analysis of the pooled data and the subgroups according to the root thirds were carried out using the RevMan software (P < 0.05). After the duplicate removal and eligibility criteria assessment, a total of 22 studies were included all of them were considered as having a low risk of bias. The meta-analysis demonstrated overall lower solubility of AH Plus. AH Plus presented lower solubility than Bio-C Sealer, BioRoot RCS, MTA Fillapex, Sealer Plus and Total Fill BC Sealer.

8.
J Endod ; 47(1): 100-104, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045262

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the number of mesial and distal canals of mandibular molars in which the R-Pilot pathfinding reciprocating instrument reached the working length (WL) during macro glide path procedure. Fracture and deformation rates were also evaluated. METHODS: One hundred fifty-six root canals of 52 teeth were scouted to the length of the apical foramen. Then the R-Pilot instrument was positioned at the canal orifice and activated. The instrument was moved by using a pecking motion and light apical pressure. This procedure was repeated in an attempt to reach the WL. The type of fracture and/or instrument deformation was assessed by scanning electron microscopy, whereas the roots with fractured instruments were scanned through micro-computed tomography. The percentage frequency distribution of fractures, deformations, and root canals in which the R-Pilot reached the WL were recorded and statistically compared by using the Pearson's χ2 test with α = 5%. RESULTS: R-Pilot instruments reached the WL in 139 root canals (89.10%), and χ2 test showed a significant difference between the observed frequencies and the expected frequencies (χ2 = 95.41, P = .000). The observed frequencies of fractures (2.56%) and deformations (1.92%) were also significantly lower than the expected (fracture: χ2 = 140.41, P = .000; deformation: χ2 = 144.23, P = .000). Fractures occurred mostly at the apical and curved parts of the root canals. CONCLUSIONS: R-Pilot reached the WL in 89.10% of the root canals of mandibular molars with fracture and deformation rates of 2.56% and 1.92%, respectively.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Ápice Dentário , Microtomografia por Raio-X
9.
J Endod ; 47(1): 105-111, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045271

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cleanliness of root canal walls and dentinal tubules after attempting to remove the calcium hydroxide dressing with different irrigant solutions and the use of nonactivated irrigation or passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI). METHODS: After root canal instrumentation, 80 single-rooted teeth were filled with calcium hydroxide mixed with propylene glycol and 0.1% rhodamine B dye and inserted into canals with a Lentulo spiral. The calcium hydroxide dressing was initially removed with 10 mL saline solution and reinstrumentation with the master apical file. Then, the samples were randomly assigned into 8 experimental groups (n = 10) according to the irrigant solution with or without PUI: 2.5% sodium hypochlorite, 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid + 1.25% sodium lauryl ether sulfate (EDTA-T), 37% phosphoric acid, or 70% ethanol. A final flush with 5 mL saline solution was performed. The percentage of clean root canal walls and the depth of clean dentinal tubules were measured with images of confocal laser scanning microscopy. The groups were compared using the 2-way analysis of variance test with the Bonferroni post hoc test for depth analysis and the Kruskal-Wallis with Dunn post hoc test for the perimeter analysis. RESULTS: Irrigation with 70% ethanol presented a significantly higher percentage of clean root canal walls and a higher depth of clean dentinal tubules when compared with irrigation with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite and 17% EDTA-T for both irrigation methods (P < .05). No differences were observed between nonactivated irrigation or PUI protocols (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Seventy percent ethanol enhanced calcium hydroxide removal from the apical root third compared with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite or 17% EDTA-T.


Assuntos
Hidróxido de Cálcio , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Cavidade Pulpar , Ácido Edético , Etanol , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Hipoclorito de Sódio , Irrigação Terapêutica
10.
J Endod ; 46(12): 1884-1893, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898557

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to compare the ProTaper Universal (PTU; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) system with 6 replicalike instruments regarding instrument design, mechanical performance, and alloy characteristics. METHODS: New rotary instruments (size 20/.07v) of PTU and 6 replicalike systems (EdgeTaper [EdgeEndo, Johnson City, TN], U-File [Dentmark, Ludhiana, India], Go-Taper Universal [Access, Shenzhen, China], Super Files [Flydent, Shenzhen, China], Multitaper [Proclinic Expert, Besançon, France], and Pluri Taper [Bestdent, Shenzhen, China]) (n = 329) were selected and evaluated regarding their design, mechanical performance, and metallurgical characteristics. The results were compared using the nonparametric Mood median test and 1-way analysis of variance with the significance level set at 0.05. RESULTS: Replicalike instruments were similar to PTU regarding design, maximum torque to fracture (P > .05), and ratio of nickel and titanium elements. Scanning electron microscopy revealed differences in the geometry of the tip and finishing surfaces. Time to fracture of Go-Taper Universal (50.0 seconds) was similar to PTU (44.0 seconds) (P > .05), but the U-File (63.5 seconds), Edge Taper (87.5 seconds), and Super Files (130 seconds) showed significantly higher values (P < .05). The highest maximum torque was observed in the Super Files instrument (P < .05), but no statistical difference was noted among the other instruments (P > .05). The angle of rotation before rupture of the Multitaper (574°) and Pluri Taper (481°) was higher than PTU (354°) (P < .05). Differential scanning calorimetric analysis showed clear differences on the transformation temperatures among the tested instruments. The R-phase start and finish temperatures of PTU were 11.0°C and -18.0°C, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, replicalike instruments were similar to PTU regarding the torsional resistance, geometric design, and near equiatomic proportions of nickel and titanium elements. In 3 of the 4 mechanical tests, the EdgeTaper (torque, angle of rotation, and bending load) and Go-Taper Universal (time to fracture, torque, and angle of rotation) systems were similar to PTU.


Assuntos
Ligas Dentárias , Preparo de Canal Radicular , China , Desenho de Equipamento , Falha de Equipamento , França , Índia , Teste de Materiais , Estresse Mecânico , Titânio , Torção Mecânica
11.
J Endod ; 46(10): 1485-1494, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32721485

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to compare the mechanical and metallurgical properties and shaping ability of different rotary systems using a multimethod approach. METHODS: New NeoNiti A1 (Neolix SAS, Châtres-La-Forêt, France), HyFlex EDM One File (Coltène/Whaledent, Altstätten, Switzerland), ProTaper Gold F2 (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), and ProTaper Universal F2 (Dentsply Maillefer) rotary instruments were tested regarding cyclic fatigue, torsional resistance, design, and morphologic characteristics using scanning electron microscopy, metal alloy characterization using differential scanning calorimetry, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Additionally, their shaping ability on the preparation of 48 canals of maxillary molars was evaluated using micro-computed tomographic technology. Mechanical and metallurgical analyses were compared using analysis of variance post hoc Tukey tests, whereas the independent Student t test was used to compare the shaping ability of the ProTaper systems or the thermomechanically treated instruments. The significance level was set at 5%. RESULTS: The highest cyclic fatigue was observed with the NeoNiti and HyFlex EDM instruments (P > .05), whereas HyFlex EDM had the highest angular rotation to fracture (P < .05). Scanning electron microscopic/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopic analyses confirmed similarities in the instruments' design and an almost equiatomic composition of the systems. Differential scanning calorimetry showed that ProTaper Gold had higher transformation temperatures than ProTaper Universal, whereas a similar transformation was observed between NeoNiti and HyFlex. Micro-computed tomographic analysis revealed that, despite the fact that none of the systems was able to prepare all root canal walls, no statistical differences were observed in either ProTaper systems (P > .05) or the thermomechanically treated instruments (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Apart from differences in the mechanical tests and metallurgical characterization, systems with comparable instrument dimensions and preparation protocols showed a similar percentage of untouched surface areas in the root canal preparation of maxillary molars.


Assuntos
Níquel , Titânio , Ligas , Ligas Dentárias , Desenho de Equipamento , Falha de Equipamento , França , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Estresse Mecânico
12.
J Endod ; 46(9): 1195-1203, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525058

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the microbiological conditions of the apical root canal system of teeth with posttreatment apical periodontitis and correlated them with observations from cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging, micro-computed tomographic (micro-CT) imaging, and histopathology. METHODS: Root apices were obtained from 36 root canal-treated teeth subjected to periradicular surgery. CBCT examination was available before surgery. The apical root specimens were scanned in a micro-CT device and then cryopulverized. The powder was subjected to DNA extraction for real-time polymerase chain reaction quantification of total bacteria, Streptococcus species, members of the phylum Actinobacteria, and Enterococcus faecalis. Microbiological findings were evaluated for associations with CBCT, micro-CT, and histopathologic data. An association between lesion size and the proportion of unfilled apical canal system volume was also assessed. RESULTS: All cryopulverized specimens were positive for total bacteria. Actinobacteria and streptococci occurred in 35 and 33 specimens, respectively, and were usually dominant in the community. Actinobacteria counts were 2.23 times higher in granulomas than in cysts. Streptococci were significantly more present in small lesion cases. E. faecalis was detected in only 7 samples, always as a dominant community member. The association of total bacteria, streptococci, and Actinobacteria counts with the unfilled canal volume was significant in the univariate analyses but not confirmed in the adjusted analyses. Large lesions were significantly associated with a higher volume of unfilled apical canals. CONCLUSIONS: Bacterial infection occurred in all root apices, with high prevalence and dominance of Actinobacteria and streptococci. The volume of the unfilled apical canal system was significantly associated with the lesion size and possibly with bacterial counts. Findings illustrate the need to thoroughly disinfect and fill the apical root canal of infected teeth during endodontic therapy.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Periodontite Periapical , Enterococcus faecalis , Humanos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Ápice Dentário
13.
Br Dent J ; 227(3): 228-234, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399682

RESUMO

Objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) compared with non-activated irrigation (NAI) on periapical healing and root canal disinfection.Data source A comprehensive search without restrictions was performed in the following systematic electronic databases: PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane, Web of Science, ScienceDirect and OpenGrey. Additional studies were sought through hand-searching in the main endodontic journals.Data selection We included clinical trials that compared PUI and NAI clinical success and root canal disinfection outcomes. The risk of bias was assessed based on the Cochrane Collaboration common scheme for bias assessment. The power analysis of each study was calculated based on the disinfection rates and sample size, and the evidence was qualified using the GRADE tool.Data synthesis A total of 346 non-duplicated studies were retrieved in the systematic search. One study that assessed the clinical success rate through periapical radiographic healing evaluation and two studies that evaluated root canal disinfection through bacterial growth were considered eligible. These three studies were classified as low risk of bias. The study evaluating radiographic treatment outcome showed no statistical difference (P >0.05). The studies demonstrated large variability among methodology and, in general, low power and moderate evidence. Inconclusive results were reported regarding root canal disinfection when comparing PUI to NAI strategies.Conclusions Based on the findings, there was no evidence of effectiveness improvement on periapical healing and bacterial disinfection that supports the use of PUI over the NAI in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Desinfecção , Humanos , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Irrigação Terapêutica , Ultrassom
14.
Braz Dent J ; 30(1): 31-35, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30864644

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether amplifying the volume and/or time of contact of NaOCl affects the fracture strength of endodontically treated bovine teeth. Four bovine incisors from 10 animals were allocated into 4 groups using a split-mouth design. Root canals were instrumented using a sequence of 4 manual stainless steel files and irrigated with a 5.25% alkalized NaOCl solution. The total volume and time of irrigation, per sample, varied among the groups as following: standard volume and time of contact - 15 mL/11.5 min; volume raise - 30 mL/11.5 min; time of contact raise - 15 mL/19 min; and volume and time of contact raise - 30 mL/19 min. Samples were subjected to a fracture resistance assay. At p=0.05, two-way ANOVA statistically scrutinized the results. Effect size of NaOCl time of contact and volume were also calculated (η2). The variation in time (p=0.000), volume of irrigation (p=0.000) and the combination of both (p=0.038) negatively influenced the fracture resistance. Standard volume and time of irrigation showed the highest fracture strength while isolated increase in volume or time reduced in 25% and 37%, respectively, the fracture resistance; the simultaneous increase in volume and time of irrigation promoted a reduction of 47%. Effect size of NaOCl time of contact was superior (0.746) than the volume (0.564). Raising the volume and/or time of a 5.25% alkalized NaOCl solution reduces the fracture resistance of endodontically treated bovine teeth.


Assuntos
Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química , Fraturas dos Dentes , Animais , Bovinos , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Incisivo , Hipoclorito de Sódio/administração & dosagem , Irrigação Terapêutica/métodos
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(1): 31-35, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-989430

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate whether amplifying the volume and/or time of contact of NaOCl affects the fracture strength of endodontically treated bovine teeth. Four bovine incisors from 10 animals were allocated into 4 groups using a split-mouth design. Root canals were instrumented using a sequence of 4 manual stainless steel files and irrigated with a 5.25% alkalized NaOCl solution. The total volume and time of irrigation, per sample, varied among the groups as following: standard volume and time of contact - 15 mL/11.5 min; volume raise - 30 mL/11.5 min; time of contact raise - 15 mL/19 min; and volume and time of contact raise - 30 mL/19 min. Samples were subjected to a fracture resistance assay. At p=0.05, two-way ANOVA statistically scrutinized the results. Effect size of NaOCl time of contact and volume were also calculated (η2). The variation in time (p=0.000), volume of irrigation (p=0.000) and the combination of both (p=0.038) negatively influenced the fracture resistance. Standard volume and time of irrigation showed the highest fracture strength while isolated increase in volume or time reduced in 25% and 37%, respectively, the fracture resistance; the simultaneous increase in volume and time of irrigation promoted a reduction of 47%. Effect size of NaOCl time of contact was superior (0.746) than the volume (0.564). Raising the volume and/or time of a 5.25% alkalized NaOCl solution reduces the fracture resistance of endodontically treated bovine teeth.


Resumo O objetivo desse estudo foi o de avaliar se o aumento de volume e/ou tempo de contato do NaOCl afeta a resistência à fratura de dentes bovinos tratados endodonticamente. Quatro incisivos bovinos de 10 animais foram alocados em 4 grupos usando um desenho experimental de boca dividida. Os canais radiculares foram instrumentados usando uma sequência de 4 limas manuais de aço inoxidável e irrigados com uma solução de NaOCl alcalinizada a 5,25%. O volume total e o tempo de irrigação, por amostra, variaram entre os grupos da seguinte forma: volume e tempo de contato padrão (grupo controle) - 15 mL/11,5 min; aumento de volume - 30 mL/11,5 min; aumento no tempo de contato - 15 mL/19 min; e aumento no volume e no tempo de contato - 30 mL/19 min. As amostras foram submetidas a um ensaio de resistência à fratura. Com p=0.05, o teste two-way ANOVA analisou estatisticamente os resultados. O tamanho do efeito do tempo de contato e volume de NaOCl também foi calculado (h2). A variação no tempo (p=0,000), no volume de irrigação (p=0,000) e a interação entre ambos (p=0.038) influenciaram negativamente a resistência à fratura. O volume e o tempo padrão de irrigação apresentaram a maior resistência à fratura, enquanto o aumento isolado no volume ou no tempo de contato reduziram 25% e 37%, respectivamente, a resistência à fratura; o aumento simultâneo do volume e tempo de irrigação promoveu uma redução de 47%. O tamanho do efeito do tempo de contato com o NaOCl foi superior (0,746) ao volume (0,564). Aumentando o volume e/ou o tempo de uma solução de NaOCl alcalinizada a 5,25% reduz a resistência à fratura de dentes bovinos tratados endodonticamente.


Assuntos
Animais , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química , Fraturas dos Dentes , Hipoclorito de Sódio/administração & dosagem , Bovinos , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Incisivo , Irrigação Terapêutica/métodos
16.
Braz Dent J ; 29(2): 184-188, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29898066

RESUMO

This study evaluated the amount of apically extruded debris after chemo-mechanical preparation (CMP) using positive and negative pressure irrigation systems [Conventional irrigation (CI) and EndoVac (EV)] in association with different irrigants [6% Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl), 2% Chlorhexidine gel + saline solution (CHXg + SS), 2% Chlorhexidine solution (CHXs) or Saline solution (SS)]. Eighty mandibular premolars with single root canals were selected and randomly assigned into 8 groups (n = 10) according to the irrigation system and the irrigant used during CMP: G1 (EV + NaOCl), G2 (EV + CHXg + SS), G3 (EV + CHXs), G4 (EV + SS), G5 (CI + NaOCl), G6 (CI + CHXg + SS), G7 (CI + CHXs) and G8 (CI + SS). Reciproc® R25 files (25/.08) were used during the CMP and the extruded debris from each tooth was collected in pre-weighted Eppendorf tubes and dried. The average weight of debris was assessed using a microbalance, and the data were statistically analyzed using ANOVA and the post hoc Tukey's test (a = 0.05). All groups were associated with debris extrusion. EV was the irrigation system with less extruded debris (p < 0.05). No differences were observed regarding the irrigant when EV was used. When CI was used, CHXg + SS were associated with lower debris extrusion (p < 0.05). It was concluded that no irrigation protocol succeeded in preventing debris extrusion. EV resulted in lower levels of debris extrusion than CI. The use of CHXg + SS resulted in lower debris extrusion.


Assuntos
Clorexidina/administração & dosagem , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/administração & dosagem , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Solução Salina/administração & dosagem , Hipoclorito de Sódio/administração & dosagem , Irrigação Terapêutica/métodos , Ápice Dentário/metabolismo , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Distribuição Aleatória
17.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(2): 184-188, Mar.-Apr. 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-951535

RESUMO

Abstract This study evaluated the amount of apically extruded debris after chemo-mechanical preparation (CMP) using positive and negative pressure irrigation systems [Conventional irrigation (CI) and EndoVac (EV)] in association with different irrigants [6% Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl), 2% Chlorhexidine gel + saline solution (CHXg + SS), 2% Chlorhexidine solution (CHXs) or Saline solution (SS)]. Eighty mandibular premolars with single root canals were selected and randomly assigned into 8 groups (n = 10) according to the irrigation system and the irrigant used during CMP: G1 (EV + NaOCl), G2 (EV + CHXg + SS), G3 (EV + CHXs), G4 (EV + SS), G5 (CI + NaOCl), G6 (CI + CHXg + SS), G7 (CI + CHXs) and G8 (CI + SS). Reciproc® R25 files (25/.08) were used during the CMP and the extruded debris from each tooth was collected in pre-weighted Eppendorf tubes and dried. The average weight of debris was assessed using a microbalance, and the data were statistically analyzed using ANOVA and the post hoc Tukey's test (a = 0.05). All groups were associated with debris extrusion. EV was the irrigation system with less extruded debris (p < 0.05). No differences were observed regarding the irrigant when EV was used. When CI was used, CHXg + SS were associated with lower debris extrusion (p < 0.05). It was concluded that no irrigation protocol succeeded in preventing debris extrusion. EV resulted in lower levels of debris extrusion than CI. The use of CHXg + SS resulted in lower debris extrusion.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a quantidade de debris extruídos apicalmente após o preparo químico-mecânico (PQM) utilizando sistemas de irrigação com pressão positiva e negativa [irrigação convencional (IC) e EndoVac (EV)] em associação com diferentes irrigantes [hipoclorito de sódio 6% (NaOCl), clorexidina gel + solução salina (CLXg + SS), solução de clorexidina 2% (CLXs) ou solução salina (SS)]. Oitenta pré-molares inferiores com único canal radicular foram selecionados e aleatoriamente alocados em 8 grupos (n=10) de acordo com o sistema de irrigação e irrigante utilizado durante o PQM: G1 (EV + NaOCl), G2 (EV + CLXg + SS), G3 (EV + CLXs), G4 (EV + SS), G5 (IC + NaOCl), G6 (IC + CLXg + SS), G7 (IC + CLXs) e G8 (IC + SS). Limas Reciproc® R25 foram utilizadas durante o PQM e os debris extruídos de cada dente foi coletado em tubos pré-pesados e secos. O peso médio de debris foi avaliado por meio de microbalança, e os dados foram analisados estatisticamente utilizando ANOVA e teste de Tukey (a = 0.05). Todos os grupos foram associados com extrusão de debris. EV foi o sistema de irrigação com menos debris extruídos (p<0.05). Não foram observadas diferenças entre os irrigantes quando o EV foi utilizado. Quando foi utilizada IC, CLXg + SS foram associados a menor extrusão de debris (p<0.05). Concluiu-se que nenhum protocolo de irrigação conseguiu prevenir extrusão de debris. EV resultou em menores níveis de extrusão de debris que a IC. A utilização da CLXg + SS resultou em menor extrusão de debris.

18.
J Oral Sci ; 58(2): 211-7, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27349542

RESUMO

We evaluated the cytotoxic effects of the debris apically extruded during root canal retreatment on primary human osteoblast (HOb) cells in vitro. TNF-α and IL-1ß levels were also measured. We examined three different techniques: conventional hand-files, and Mtwo and Reciproc retreatments. Filled mandibular incisors were prepared for a cytotoxicity assay in an experimental root model. The material was divided into three groups according to the technique used. Ten teeth were used as control. HOb cells were exposed to the extruded content and cytotoxicity was evaluated using the MTT test (assessing cell metabolic activity). TNF-α and IL-1ß production was also analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Then, all the teeth were radiographed and the residual filling material was quantified. Data were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's test (P < 0.05). The conventional hand-file technique was significantly more cytotoxic than the other methods (P < 0.05). Reciproc was less cytotoxic than Mtwo retreatment (P < 0.05). All endodontic retreatment techniques led to a significant upregulation of IL-1ß levels (P < 0.05). However, only the conventional hand-file technique caused a significant increase in TNF-α levels (P < 0.05). Root-filling removal did not affect the levels of these proteins (P > 0.05). The Reciproc system required less time than the other two methods to remove the root-filling materials (P < 0.01). The endodontic retreatment with Reciproc was the least cytotoxic and the least time-consuming method of gutta-percha and sealer removal. (J Oral Sci 58, 211-217, 2016).


Assuntos
Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Ápice Dentário , Linhagem Celular , Guta-Percha , Humanos
19.
J Appl Biomater Funct Mater ; 13(4): e376-80, 2015 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26391870

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the cytotoxicity, gelatinolytic activity, and protein levels (MMP-2 and MMP-9) produced by 3T3 fibroblasts cells after stimulation with GuttaFlow 2 and AH Plus. METHODS: 3T3 fibroblasts were incubated with elutes of GuttaFlow 2 and AH Plus for 24 h. The cytotoxicity of tested materials was determined using the MTT and the LDH assay. Supernatants of cell cultures incubated with sealers were collected to determine the levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 gelatinolytic activity by gelatin zymography. Cell lysates were used to determine MMP-2 and MMP-9 protein levels by Western Blot. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey test (P<0.05). RESULTS: AH Plus showed significantly less cell viability (mitochondrial activity of cells) than GuttaFlow 2 (P<0.01). Moreover, GuttaFlow 2 was noncytotoxic, showing no statistically significant difference in LDH leakage levels compared to the control group (P>0.05). Specific characterization of MMPs demonstrated that GuttaFlow 2 seemed not to affect MMP-2 levels compared with the control group, while AH Plus had elevated gelatinolytic activity and protein levels of MMP-2 as confirmed by quantitative measurements. No detectable gelatinolytic activity or protein levels of MMP-9 (92 kDa) was observed in any tested group. CONCLUSIONS: GuttaFlow 2 did not showed cytotoxic effects and did not induce MMP-2 or MMP-9 expression.


Assuntos
Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Silício/química , Células 3T3 , Animais , Western Blotting , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dimetilpolisiloxanos/química , Dimetilpolisiloxanos/toxicidade , Combinação de Medicamentos , Resinas Epóxi/química , Resinas Epóxi/toxicidade , Guta-Percha/química , Guta-Percha/toxicidade , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/toxicidade
20.
J Oral Sci ; 57(2): 73-8, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26062854

RESUMO

This retrospective study evaluated the frequency of development of root resorption in dental trauma cases involving supporting tissue. For 249 traumatized teeth of 125 patients aged between 7 and 51 years, we collected data on the gender and age of the patient, the teeth involved, the type of trauma, and the period between dental injury and initial examination. Radiographic parameters examined in relation to root resorption included the presence of inflammatory external root resorption, internal root resorption, replacement resorption, and canal calcification. Data were analyzed by chi-squared test, Fisher's exact test, and mult iple logistic regression (P < 0.05). The results indicated that there was a significant relationship between the period from the date of injury until initial examination and the occurrence of inflammatory external resorption (P = 0.0199), as well as the type of injury (P = 0.0406). Furthermore, external resorption was most frequently associated with intrusive luxation (92.8%), followed by avulsion (89.0%), lateral luxation (80.2%), and extrusive luxation (77.4%). Among the types of dental injury, replacement resorption was observed more frequently in cases of avulsion (87.2%). The only factor that was significantly associated with this type of resorption was the type of injury (P < 0.0001). Root resorption is observed more frequently and its risk of development is higher in cases of severe trauma, especially avulsion and intrusive luxation.


Assuntos
Reabsorção da Raiz/etiologia , Traumatismos Dentários/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Dentição Permanente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reabsorção da Raiz/imunologia , Dente , Traumatismos Dentários/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...