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1.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e021, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605352

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the cyclic fatigue, torsional resistance and surface roughness of Reciproc R25 instruments in four different situations, namely as new instruments and as instruments tested after clinical preparation of one, two or three maxillary molars with four root canals. The total time required to perform each root canal preparation was recorded. Cyclic fatigue resistance was determined by the time to fracture using a customized testing device (n = 10 per group). The torsional test evaluated the torque and angle of rotation to failure according to ISO 3630-1 (n = 10 per group). The roughness of the working parts of new and used instruments was evaluated with a profilometer (n = 5 per group). Statistical analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. The level of significance was set at 5%. No fractures or deformations were observed after clinical use. Higher preparation time was needed during the third use of the instruments for all root canals (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences among the groups in regard to either cyclic fatigue or torsional resistance (p > 0.05). Regarding the roughness measurements, groove depth was higher on new and one- versus two- or three-maxillary-molar-prepared instruments (p < 0.05). It can be concluded that the clinical use of Reciproc instruments increased preparation time and decreased surface roughness. However, clinical use did not affect the cyclic fatigue or torsional resistance of the Reciproc instruments.


Assuntos
Preparo de Canal Radicular , Titânio , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Desenho de Equipamento , Teste de Materiais , Estresse Mecânico , Torque
2.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e069, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32696911

RESUMO

The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to compare the occurrence and intensity of postoperative pain and analgesic intake after root canal treatment, using different root canal sealers. Sixty single-rooted teeth diagnosed with asymptomatic necrosis and apical periodontitis were randomly assigned to 3 experimental groups (n=20), according to the root canal sealer: AH Plus, Endofill or MTA Fillapex. Endodontic treatment was performed in two sessions, and calcium hydroxide was used as the intracanal dressing. Patients were instructed to record pain intensity as none, slight, moderate and severe. Scores from 1 to 4 were attributed to each level of pain after 24 h, 48 h and 7 days. The need for analgesic intake was also recorded. Differences in the incidence of postoperative pain and the need for an analgesic were analyzed using the chi-square test. Differences in pain intensity after treatment were analyzed using the ordinal (linear) chi-square test. No significant differences were detected among the groups in terms of either incidence or intensity of postoperative pain, or need for analgesic intake, at any timepoint (p>0.05). No pain was reported after 7 days. AH Plus, Endofill and MTA Fillapex used for filling root canals resulted in the same rate of postoperative pain and need for analgesic medication.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Hidróxido de Cálcio , Resinas Epóxi , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
3.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 77(1): 1-4, jan. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102944

RESUMO

Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o potencial citotóxico de três diferentes pastas endodônticas em cultura celular de osteoblastos humanos. Material e Métodos: As pastas endodônticas Calen PMCC (SSWhite Artigos Dentários LTDA, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil), Feapex (Fórmula e Ação, São Paulo, Brasil) e CTZ (Lenzafarm, Belo Horizonte, Brasil) foram preparadas e eluídas em meio de cultura celular durante 24 horas em estufa a 37°C e 5% de CO2. Foram realizadas quatro diluições distintas desses meios nas concentrações 1: 1, 1: 2, 1: 4 e 1: 8. Culturas de células de Osteoblastos Humanos da linhagem Saos-2 foram expostas a estas diluições durante 24 horas. O controle negativo foi realizado expondo as células ao meio de cultura sem contato com nenhuma pasta endodôntica. A citotoxicidade desses meios foi avaliada utilizando o ensaio MTT e os resultados foram transformados em porcentagens de células viáveis em relação ao grupo controle negativo. A análise estatística foi realizada com nível de significância de 5%, utilizando ANOVA seguido do teste de Tukey. Resultados: A viabilidade celular foi significativamente alterada de acordo com o material testado (p <0,05) e sua concentração (p <0,05). Em todas as concentrações testadas, a pasta Feapex apresentou maior viabilidade celular comparada aos demais materiais (p <0,05). Embora não tenha sido observada diferença estatisticamente significante entre a pasta Calen PMCC e a pasta CTZ nas concentrações de 1: 1 e 1: 2 (p> 0,05), a pasta CTZ apresentou maior citotoxicidade nas concentrações de 1: 4 e 1: 8 (p <0,05 ). De forma geral, a citotoxicidade diminuiu com o aumento da diluição do material. Conclusão: De acordo com os resultados do presente estudo, a pasta endodôntica Feapex parece ser a melhor opção para utilização entre as pastas analisadas, pois apresentou menor citotoxicidade que as pastas Calen PMCC e CTZ


Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the cytotoxic potential of three different endodontic filling materials on human osteoblast cell cultures. Material and Methods: The endodontic pastes Calen PMCC (SSWhite Dental Articles LTDA, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), Feapex (Formula and Action, São Paulo, Brazil) and CTZ (Lenzafarm, Belo Horizonte, Brazil) were eluted in cell culture medium during 24 hours in an oven at 37°C and 5% CO2. Four distinct dilutions of these media were performed at the concentrations 1:1, 1:2, 1:4 and 1:8. Cell cultures of Saos-2 Human Osteoblast-like were exposed to these dilutions for 24 hours. The negative control group was performed by exposing the cells to culture medium without contact with any endodontic paste. The cytotoxic potential of these media was evaluated using the MTT assay and the results were transformed into viable cell percentages in relation to the negative control group. Statistical analysis was submitted with a significance level of 5%, using univariate Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey's test. Results: Cell viability was significantly altered according to the material tested (p<0.05) and its concentration (p<0.05). Feapex samples presented higher cell viability than the other materials in all concentrations tested (p<0.05). Although no statistically significant difference was observed between Calen PMCC paste and CTZ paste at concentrations of 1: 1 and 1: 2 (p>0.05), CTZ paste showed a higher cytotoxicity at concentrations of 1: 4 and 1: 8 (p<0.05). In general, cytotoxicity decreases with increasing material dilution. Conclusion: According to the results of the present study, Feapex endodontic paste seems to be the better option for use among the analyzed pastes, since it presented lower cytotoxicity than Calen PMCC and CTZ pastes


Assuntos
Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Odontopediatria , Endodontia , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia
4.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 77(1): 1-5, jan. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103880

RESUMO

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência do consumo crônico de álcool no aumento da destruição óssea periapical em ratos. Material e métodos: Foram selecionados 12 ratos machos da linhagem Wistar, aleatoriamente divididos nos grupos controle e álcool (n=6). Os ratos do grupo álcool foram submetidos à auto-administração de solução alcoólica contendo 25% de álcool puro. O grupo controle recebeu apenas água filtrada durante o estudo. Após as 5 semanas de adaptação do grupo álcool, todos os ratos foram anestesiados e a polpa dos seus primeiros molares inferiores esquerdos foi exposta à cavidade oral para indução da lesão periapical. Após 28 dias de exposição pulpar, os ratos foram sacrificados por sobredose de anestesia, e suas mandíbulas foram removidas e seccionadas para avaliação microtomográfica. As hemimandíbulas esquerdas foram fixadas e escaneadas no microtomógrafo SkyScan 1173 (Bruker, Kontich, Belgium). O tamanho da lesão periradicular foi medido a partir das imagens de microtomografia computadorizada (micro-CT), onde foram calculados a área de superfície e o volume da lesão. Também foram avaliadas a taxa percentual de ganho de peso e a ingestão de sólidos/líquidos dos grupos. Os dados foram estatisticamente analisados utilizando o teste t de Student (p<0,05). Resultados: Os animais do grupo controle tiveram uma maior taxa percentual de ganho de peso corporal e de ingestão tanto de sólidos como de líquidos (p<0,05). As lesões periapicais apresentaram maior volume e maior área nos animais do grupo álcool, em comparação ao grupo controle (p<0,05). Conclusão: O consumo crônico de álcool contribuiu para o aumento da destruição óssea periapical em casos de periodontite apical.


Objective: the aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of alcohol consumption on the increase of periapical bone destruction in rats. Material and Methods: the sample included 12 Wistar male rats, randomly assigned into a control group and an alcohol group (n=6). Rats in the alcohol group were submitted to self-administration of a 25% pure alcoholic solution. The control group received only filtered water throughout the study. After 5 weeks of adaptation to the alcohol dose, all animals were anesthetized and the pulps of their mandibular left first molar were exposed to the oral cavity to induce periapical lesion. Twenty-eight days after the pulp exposure, those rats were euthanized due to overdose of anesthesia and their mandibles were removed and sectioned to obtain a micro-computed tomographic (micro-CT) scan. The rats' left hemimandibles were fixed and scanned on the SkyScan 1173 (Bruker, Konitch, Belgium) microtomograph. The size of the periradicular lesions was measured from the images obtained on the micro-CT and the surface area and volume were calculated. It was also evaluated the weight gain rate and the ingestion of solid/liquid of both groups. Data were analyzed by the Student's t-test (p<0.05). Results: the control group showed higher rates of weight gain and ingested more solid and liquid than the alcohol group (p<0.05). Periapical lesions found in the alcohol group had higher volume and surface area than the ones of the control group (p<0.05). Conclusion: the chronic consumption of alcohol contributed to the increase of periapical bone destruction in cases of apical periodontitis


Assuntos
Periodontite , Alcoolismo , Microtomografia por Raio-X
5.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 77(1): 1-5, jan. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117693

RESUMO

Objetivo: este estudo teve como objetivo comparar a resistência de união à dentina de um material à base de silicato de cálcio fotopolimerizável modificado por resina (TheraCal LC®; Bisco, Schaumburg, IL, EUA) com MTA branco (WMTA®; Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brasil). Materiais e Métodos: dezesseis incisivos superiores e caninos humanos foram selecionados e três discos de 1 mm foram obtidos a partir do terço médio de cada raiz. Na superfície coronal de cada disco, dois furos de 1,2 mm de largura foram perfurados na dentina. Em seguida, os buracos artificiais foram preenchidos com um dos materiais testados: WMTA® e TheraCal LC®. As fatias dentárias preenchidas foram armazenadas em uma solução salina tamponada com fosfato (PBS) (pH 7,2) por 7 dias a 37°C. Depois disso, a avaliação do push-out foi realizada com uma ponta do êmbolo de 1,0 mm. A carga foi aplicada a uma velocidade de 0,5 mm / min até o deslocamento do selador. Os resultados foram expressos em MPa. O teste U de Mann-Whitney foi aplicado para classificar os materiais quanto à resistência adesiva à dentina. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em = 5%. Resultados: todas as amostras apresentaram resultados de resistência de união à dentina mensuráveis e não ocorreram falhas prematuras. O TheraCal LC® demonstrou valores superiores de resistência de união à dentina quando comparado ao WMTA® (P<0,0001). Conclusões: existe uma vantagem do TheraCal LC® sobre o WMTA® no que diz respeito à resistência da união ao empurrar e, portanto, pode ser considerado um material reparador promissor e inovador


Objective: this study aimed to compare the dentin bond strength of a resin-modified light-curable calcium-silicate-based material (TheraCal LC®; Bisco, Schaumburg, IL, USA) with White MTA (WMTA®; Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil). Materials and Methods: sixteen human maxillary incisors and canines were selected and three 1-mm-discs were obtained from the middle third of each root. On the coronal surface of each disc, two 1.2-mm-wide-holes were drilled through the dentin. Then, artificial holes were filled with one of the tested materials: WMTA® and TheraCal LC®. The filled dental slices were stored in a phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) solution (pH 7.2) for 7 days at 37°C. After that, push-out assessment was performed with a 1.0-mm-plunger-tip. Load was applied at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min until sealer displacement. The results were expressed in MPa. Mann-Whitney U test was applied to rank materials regarding dentin push-out bond strength. Significance level was set at a = 5%. Results: All specimens showed measurable results and no premature failure occurred. TheraCal LC® demonstrated superior push-out bond strength values to dentin when compared to WMTA® (P<0.0001). Conclusions: there is advantage of TheraCal LC® over WMTA® as regards to the push-out bond strength and, therefore it may be taken as a promising and innovative reparative material


Assuntos
Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Cimento de Silicato , Materiais Dentários , Endodontia , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e069, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132696

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to compare the occurrence and intensity of postoperative pain and analgesic intake after root canal treatment, using different root canal sealers. Sixty single-rooted teeth diagnosed with asymptomatic necrosis and apical periodontitis were randomly assigned to 3 experimental groups (n=20), according to the root canal sealer: AH Plus, Endofill or MTA Fillapex. Endodontic treatment was performed in two sessions, and calcium hydroxide was used as the intracanal dressing. Patients were instructed to record pain intensity as none, slight, moderate and severe. Scores from 1 to 4 were attributed to each level of pain after 24 h, 48 h and 7 days. The need for analgesic intake was also recorded. Differences in the incidence of postoperative pain and the need for an analgesic were analyzed using the chi-square test. Differences in pain intensity after treatment were analyzed using the ordinal (linear) chi-square test. No significant differences were detected among the groups in terms of either incidence or intensity of postoperative pain, or need for analgesic intake, at any timepoint (p>0.05). No pain was reported after 7 days. AH Plus, Endofill and MTA Fillapex used for filling root canals resulted in the same rate of postoperative pain and need for analgesic medication.

7.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 4(1): 10-15, Jan.-Apr. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1024141

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of the present literature review tis o verify the success rates, as well as the predisposing factors, associated to success rates of dental autotransplant treatments in teeth with complete rhizogenesis. Methods: An electronic search was performed on PubMed database using MeSH terms and free terms. Initially, a total of 115 titles and abstracts. An additional study was identified as relevant after a search of reference lists. After eligibility criteria appliance, only 8 articles were selected. Results: In general, the included studies show high success rates, based on established parameters such as periodontal ligament maintenance, periapical healing and periodontal health. In addition, the selected studies pointed out that factors such as extraction and reimplantation protocols, the time of follow-up used in the study and the time in which the endodontic treatment of the transplanted element was performed, can affect the success rate of dental transplant therapy. Conclusion: According to the present literature review, it can be concluded that although there are still few studies of autotransplantation performed in patients with complete rhizogenesis, the technique has proven itself as a viable option with moderate success rate for replacement of lost dental elements.


Objetivo: O objetivo da presente revisão da literatura foi verificar as taxas de sucesso, assim como seus fatores predisponentes, do autotransplante dentário em dentes com rizogênese completa. Métodos: Uma busca eletrônica foi executada no PubMed usando MeSH terms e termos livres específicos. Inicialmente, um total de 115 títulos e resumos foram identificados. Um estudo adicional foi identificado como relevante após uma busca das listas de referência. Após a aplicação dos critérios de elegibilidade, apenas 8 artigos foram selecionados. Resultados: De forma geral, os estudos incluídos demonstram elevadas taxas de sucesso, baseado nos parâmetros estabelecidos, como manutenção do ligamento periodontal, cicatrização periapical e saúde periodontal. Além disso, os estudos selecionados na presente revisão apontaram que fatores como os protocolos de extração e reimplante, o tempo de proservação utilizado no estudo e o tempo no qual foi realizado o tratamento endodôntico do elemento transplantado, podem afetar a taxa de sucesso do autotransplante dentário. Conclusão: De acordo com a presente revisão de literatura pode-se concluir que embora ainda existam poucos estudos de autotransplante realizados em pacientes com rizogênese completa, a técnica tem se mostrado uma opção viável e com moderada taxa de sucesso para a substituição de elementos dentários perdidos.


Assuntos
Endodontia , Dente , Transplante Autólogo
8.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e005, 2019 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30758405

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to assess the influence of chlorhexidine (liquid and gel) and zinc oxide in calcium hydroxide (CH) pastes on root pH in simulated external resorption. One hundred human anterior teeth with a single root canal were selected. After decoronation and root canal instrumentation, the specimens were divided into 4 experimental groups and 1 control group (without intracanal paste): CH + saline (CH+S), CH + 2% chlorhexidine liquid (CH+ CHX), CH + 2% chlorhexidine gel (CH+ CHXg), and CH + 2% chlorhexidine gel + zinc oxide (CH+ CHXg+ZnO). pH was measured using a microelectrode at 3 and 24 h, and 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks after inserting intracanal pastes. Data were analyzed statistically using an ANOVA and Tukey's test (p < 0.05). The CH+CHXg+ZnO group had the highest pH values throughout (p<0.05). The CH+S and CH+ CHX groups had the highest pH values after 1 week and the CH+ CHXg group after 2 weeks. CH+ CHXg maintained the highest pH until the fourth week compared with CH+ CHX (p < 0.05). The control group remained at a neutral pH at all evaluated times. It can be concluded that chlorhexidine solution or gel maintained the alkaline pH of CH, and chlorhexidine gel allowed a slower decrease in pH over time. CH+ CHXg+ZnO showed the highest pH values and was an effective intracanal medication for maintaining alkaline root pH in the area of resorption.


Assuntos
Hidróxido de Cálcio/química , Clorexidina/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxido de Zinco/química , Análise de Variância , Géis , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Teste de Materiais , Pomadas , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Reabsorção da Raiz/tratamento farmacológico , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e005, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-989474

RESUMO

Abstract The objective of this study was to assess the influence of chlorhexidine (liquid and gel) and zinc oxide in calcium hydroxide (CH) pastes on root pH in simulated external resorption. One hundred human anterior teeth with a single root canal were selected. After decoronation and root canal instrumentation, the specimens were divided into 4 experimental groups and 1 control group (without intracanal paste): CH + saline (CH+S), CH + 2% chlorhexidine liquid (CH+ CHX), CH + 2% chlorhexidine gel (CH+ CHXg), and CH + 2% chlorhexidine gel + zinc oxide (CH+ CHXg+ZnO). pH was measured using a microelectrode at 3 and 24 h, and 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks after inserting intracanal pastes. Data were analyzed statistically using an ANOVA and Tukey's test (p < 0.05). The CH+CHXg+ZnO group had the highest pH values throughout (p<0.05). The CH+S and CH+ CHX groups had the highest pH values after 1 week and the CH+ CHXg group after 2 weeks. CH+ CHXg maintained the highest pH until the fourth week compared with CH+ CHX (p < 0.05). The control group remained at a neutral pH at all evaluated times. It can be concluded that chlorhexidine solution or gel maintained the alkaline pH of CH, and chlorhexidine gel allowed a slower decrease in pH over time. CH+ CHXg+ZnO showed the highest pH values and was an effective intracanal medication for maintaining alkaline root pH in the area of resorption.

10.
J Dent ; 78: 22-30, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30189230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to verify if there is difference in the longevity of minimally invasive techniques compared to the complete replacement for the treatment of defective direct restorations in permanent teeth. DATA: The data included randomized controlled clinical trials comparing the clinical performance of defective dental restorations treated by a complete replacement technique or minimally invasive techniques on permanent teeth. Evaluation of the risk of bias was performed using the Cochrane Collaboration common scheme for bias and the evidence was qualified using the GRADE tool. SOURCE: A comprehensive search was performed in the electronic databases: PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, LILACS, BBO, SIGLE, followed by manual search in the reference lists of the included studies, without any restrictions. STUDY SELECTION: From 5554 retrieved studies, 10 met the eligibility criteria and were submitted to data extraction and quality assessment. The repair technique presented similar results to replacement and superior results when compared to sealing. In addition, refurbishment demonstrated to be a useful treatment for localized anatomical form defects. All the studies presented low risk of bias and high quality evidence for repair and refurbishment and moderate for the sealing technique. CONCLUSIONS: The direct restorations treated by the repair, seal and refurbishment techniques did not present a significant difference in clinical longevity in comparison to the replacement technique in permanent teeth with overall moderate quality of evidence. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The present findings demonstrated that the best treatment for defective restorations is conservative management. The evidence demonstrated here helps and encourages clinicians during the decision-making process. Moreover, it suggests not replacing imperfect restorations, but to managing them in a minimally invasive way, allowing the structure to be preserved.


Assuntos
Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dentição Permanente , Restauração Dentária Permanente/normas , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Tempo
11.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 17: e18148, 2018. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-963805

RESUMO

Aim: This study investigated the sealing ability produced by AH Plus (Dentsply DeTrey, Konstaz, Germany), EndoSequence BC sealer (Brasseler USA, Savannah, GA, USA), GuttaFlow (Coltène/Whaledent, Altstätten, France) and MTA Fillapex (Angelus, Londrina, Brazil). Methdos: A total of forty-six single-root human canines were prepared and randomly divided into four experimental groups (n=10): MTA Fillapex, EndoSequence BC Sealer, AH Plus or GuttaFlow. Teeth with intact crowns served as negative controls (n=3) and teeth filled with only gutta-percha served as positive controls (n=3). Teeth were mounted in a two-chamber apparatus and exposed to Enterococcus faecalis. The number of days over a 60-days period was recorded for the appearance of turbidity in the lower chamber. Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the survival curves. The nonparametric log-rank test was used to compare the survival curves using a significance level of 0.05. Results: The results at the end of the observation time were further analyzed by chi-square testing. All positive controls leaked within 24 h, whereas none of the negative controls leaked after 60 days. EndoSequence BC Sealer and MTA Fillapex had significant less bacterial leakage (P<0.05) than the other tested sealers. No significant difference between AH Plus and GuttaFlow was observed (P>0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion, calcium-silicate based root canal sealers promoted improved sealing ability when compared to other endodontic sealers


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Calcarea Silicata , Materiais Dentários , Cavidade Pulpar , Endodontia , Enterococcus faecalis
12.
Braz Dent J ; 28(4): 447-452, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29160396

RESUMO

This study compared the effect of intermediate flush with distilled water delivered by conventional irrigation, EndoVac microcannula or Self-Adjusting File (SAF) system in the prevention of chemical smear layer (CSL) formation. Thirty human premolars were used. Canals were prepared with Reciproc system and 5.25% NaOCl. After chemomechanical preparation, samples were divided in 3 groups (n=10) according to the intermediate irrigation protocol with distilled water using: conventional irrigation, EndoVac microcannula or SAF. A final flush with 2% chlorhexidine solution was used and scanning electron microscopy was performed to assess protocol effectiveness. Two calibrated evaluators attributed scores according the presence or absence of CSL on the surface of the root canal walls at the coronal, middle and apical thirds, as follows: (1) no CSL; (2) small amounts of CSL; (3) moderate CSL; and (4) heavy CSL. Differences between protocols were analyzed with Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests. Friedman and Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used for comparison between each root canal third. SAF resulted in less formation of CSL when compared with the conventional irrigation and EndoVac microcannula (p<0.05). When root canal thirds were analyzed, conventional irrigation and EndoVac groups showed less CSL formation at coronal and middle thirds in comparison to the apical third (p<0.05). In SAF group, there was no difference among the thirds (p>0.05). It may be concluded that an intermediate flush of distilled water, delivered by the SAF system resulted in a better reduction of CSL formation during chemomechanical preparation.


Assuntos
Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Camada de Esfregaço , Irrigação Terapêutica , Clorexidina/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Hipoclorito de Sódio/administração & dosagem
13.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(4): 447-452, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-888663

RESUMO

Abstract This study compared the effect of intermediate flush with distilled water delivered by conventional irrigation, EndoVac microcannula or Self-Adjusting File (SAF) system in the prevention of chemical smear layer (CSL) formation. Thirty human premolars were used. Canals were prepared with Reciproc system and 5.25% NaOCl. After chemomechanical preparation, samples were divided in 3 groups (n=10) according to the intermediate irrigation protocol with distilled water using: conventional irrigation, EndoVac microcannula or SAF. A final flush with 2% chlorhexidine solution was used and scanning electron microscopy was performed to assess protocol effectiveness. Two calibrated evaluators attributed scores according the presence or absence of CSL on the surface of the root canal walls at the coronal, middle and apical thirds, as follows: (1) no CSL; (2) small amounts of CSL; (3) moderate CSL; and (4) heavy CSL. Differences between protocols were analyzed with Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests. Friedman and Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used for comparison between each root canal third. SAF resulted in less formation of CSL when compared with the conventional irrigation and EndoVac microcannula (p<0.05). When root canal thirds were analyzed, conventional irrigation and EndoVac groups showed less CSL formation at coronal and middle thirds in comparison to the apical third (p<0.05). In SAF group, there was no difference among the thirds (p>0.05). It may be concluded that an intermediate flush of distilled water, delivered by the SAF system resulted in a better reduction of CSL formation during chemomechanical preparation.


Resumo O presente estudo comparou o efeito da utilização de uma irrigação intermediária com água destilada usando a irrigação convencional, a microcânula EndoVac ou o sistema Self-Adjusting File (SAF) na prevenção de formação da smear-layer química (SLQ). Trinta pré-molares humanos foram utilizados. Os canais foram preparados com sistema Reciproc e irrigados com NaOCl a 5,25%. Após o preparo químico mecânico, as amostras foram divididas em 3 grupos (n=10) de acordo com o protocolo de irrigação intermediária com água destilada utilizado: irrigação convencional, a microcânula EndoVac ou SAF. Utilizou-se uma lavagem final com solução de clorexidina a 2% e a microscopia electrónica de varredura foi utilizada para avaliar a eficácia dos protocolos. Dois avaliadores calibrados atribuíram escores de acordo com a presença ou ausência de SLQ nas paredes do canal radicular nos terços coronal, médio e apical, como a seguir: (1) sem SLQ; (2) pequenas quantidades de SLQ; (3) SLQ moderada e (4) muita SLQ. As diferenças entre protocolos foram analisadas com testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney U. Os testes Friedman e Wilcoxon foram utilizados para comparação entre cada terço do canal radicular. SAF resultou em menor formação de SLQ quando comparado com a irrigação convencional e a microcânula EndoVac (p<0,05). Quando os terços dos canais radiculares foram analisados, os grupos irrigação convencional e microcânula EndoVac apresentaram menor formação de SLQ nos terços coronal e médio em relação ao terço apical (p<0,05). No grupo SAF, não houve diferença entre os terços (p>0,05). Dentro dos resultados do presente estudo, pode-se concluir que um fluxo intermediário de água destilada, administrado pelo sistema SAF resultou em melhor redução da formação de SLQ durante o preparo químico mecânico.


Assuntos
Humanos , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Camada de Esfregaço , Irrigação Terapêutica , Clorexidina/administração & dosagem , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Hipoclorito de Sódio/administração & dosagem
14.
Braz Dent J ; 28(2): 201-205, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28492750

RESUMO

This clinical study aimed to evaluate the relationship of the delay between dental trauma and the initial attendance to the development of external inflammatory root resorption in permanent teeth affected by severe luxation. Sixty-seven patients, aged between 11 and 56 years, presenting 133 injured teeth with closed apex (56 extrusive luxation, 69 lateral luxation and 8 intrusive luxation) were followed up for a minimum of 24 months. The time elapsed between dental trauma and the initial attendance was recorded. The presence of necrotic pulp and external inflammatory resorption for each type of trauma was verified. Fisher's exact test was used to verify the influence of the initial attendance date at the Dental Trauma Center and the development of inflammatory resorption (p<0.05). The odds ratio was used to check the risk of developing external inflammatory resorption due to delay in seeking treatment. Pulp necrosis was observed in 105 teeth (78.9%) and external inflammatory resorption was detected in 17.8% cases of extrusive luxation (10 teeth), 15.9% of lateral luxation (11 teeth) and 25% of intrusive luxation (2 teeth). For lateral luxation, extended delay between the date of injury and initial attendance influenced the occurrence of external inflammatory resorption (p=0.0174). Patients who began treatment 45 days after the injury were 3.4 times more likely to develop external inflammatory resorption than patients who sought treatment after the trauma. Treatment late after the occurrence of dental trauma can impair the prognosis and result in the development of external inflammatory resorption in luxated teeth.


Assuntos
Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Reabsorção da Raiz , Avulsão Dentária/fisiopatologia , Criança , Feminino , História do Século XVII , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(2): 201-205, mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-839131

RESUMO

Abstract This clinical study aimed to evaluate the relationship of the delay between dental trauma and the initial attendance to the development of external inflammatory root resorption in permanent teeth affected by severe luxation. Sixty-seven patients, aged between 11 and 56 years, presenting 133 injured teeth with closed apex (56 extrusive luxation, 69 lateral luxation and 8 intrusive luxation) were followed up for a minimum of 24 months. The time elapsed between dental trauma and the initial attendance was recorded. The presence of necrotic pulp and external inflammatory resorption for each type of trauma was verified. Fisher’s exact test was used to verify the influence of the initial attendance date at the Dental Trauma Center and the development of inflammatory resorption (p<0.05). The odds ratio was used to check the risk of developing external inflammatory resorption due to delay in seeking treatment. Pulp necrosis was observed in 105 teeth (78.9%) and external inflammatory resorption was detected in 17.8% cases of extrusive luxation (10 teeth), 15.9% of lateral luxation (11 teeth) and 25% of intrusive luxation (2 teeth). For lateral luxation, extended delay between the date of injury and initial attendance influenced the occurrence of external inflammatory resorption (p=0.0174). Patients who began treatment 45 days after the injury were 3.4 times more likely to develop external inflammatory resorption than patients who sought treatment after the trauma. Treatment late after the occurrence of dental trauma can impair the prognosis and result in the development of external inflammatory resorption in luxated teeth.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo clínico foi avaliar a relação entre a demora na procura por tratamento e o desenvolvimento de reabsorções inflamatórias externas em dentes luxados com ápice fechado. A amostra desta pesquisa foi constituída por 67 pacientes que apresentaram 133 dentes traumatizados, dos quais 56 foram acometidos por luxação extrusiva, 69 por luxação lateral e 8 por luxação intrusiva, proservados por no mínimo 24 meses. Foi registrado o tempo decorrido entre a data do trauma e o primeiro atendimento. Verificou-se a ocorrência de necrose pulpar e reabsorções inflamatórias externas em cada tipo de traumatismo. O Teste Exato de Fisher foi aplicado para verificar a influência da data do atendimento inicial e o desenvolvimento de reabsorções inflamatórias externas em cada tipo de luxação e o teste de Odds Ratio foi aplicado para verificar o risco do desenvolvimento de reabsorções inflamatórias externas em função da demora na procura por tratamento. Os resultados revelaram que a necrose pulpar foi verificada em 105 dentes luxados (78,9%) e a reabsorção inflamatória externa foi verificada em 17.8% das luxações extrusivas (10), sendo 15,9% das luxações laterais (11) e 25% das luxações intrusivas (2). A demora na procura por tratamento influenciou o desenvolvimento de reabsorções infamatórias externas nas luxações laterais (p=0,0174). Os pacientes que procuraram tratamento após 45 dias da data do trauma apresentaram 3,4 vezes mais chance de desenvolver reabsorção inflamatória externa do que os pacientes que procuraram tratamento logo após o traumatismo. Conclui-se que o tratamento tardio após a ocorrência do traumatismo pode prejudicar o prognóstico e favorecer o desenvolvimento de reabsorções inflamatórias externas em dentes luxados com ápice fechado.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , História do Século XVII , Adulto Jovem , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Reabsorção da Raiz , Avulsão Dentária/fisiopatologia
16.
J Endod ; 43(4): 619-622, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28216274

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the percentage frequency of dentinal micro-cracks observed after root canal preparation with TRUShape and Self-Adjusting File (SAF) systems by means of micro-computed tomography imaging analysis. A conventional full-sequence rotary system (BioRace) and a single-file reciprocation system (Reciproc) were used as reference techniques for comparison because of their known assertive cutting efficiency. METHODS: Forty anatomically matched mandibular incisors were selected, scanned at a resolution of 14.25 µm, and assigned to 4 experimental groups (n = 10), according to the preparation protocol: TRUShape, SAF, BioRace, and Reciproc systems. After the experimental procedures, the specimens were scanned again, and the registered preoperative and postoperative cross-section images of the roots (n = 70,030) were screened to identify the presence of dentinal micro-cracks. RESULTS: Overall, dentinal defects were observed in 28,790 cross-section images (41.11%). In the TRUShape, SAF, BioRace, and Reciproc groups, dentinal micro-cracks were visualized in 56.47% (n = 9842), 42.38% (n = 7450), 32.90% (n = 5826), and 32.77% (n = 5672) of the slices, respectively. All dentinal defects observed in the postoperative data sets were already present in the corresponding preoperative images. CONCLUSIONS: None of the preparation systems induced the formation of new dentinal micro-cracks.


Assuntos
Radiografia Dentária , Preparo de Canal Radicular/efeitos adversos , Fraturas dos Dentes/etiologia , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Dentina/lesões , Humanos , Incisivo/lesões , Incisivo/cirurgia , Radiografia Dentária/métodos , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Fraturas dos Dentes/dietoterapia , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos
17.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 73(4): 336-339, Out.-Dez. 2016. ilus, mapas
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-844053

RESUMO

Objetivo: realizar uma revisão sistemática de literatura para verificar as taxas de sucesso do tratamento de dentes permanentes imaturos com periodontite apical após procedimentos tradicionais de apicificação ou de procedimentos de regeneração/revascularização pulpar. Material e Métodos: uma busca eletrônica de artigos foi executada em bancos de dados PubMed e Cochrane, usando termos médicos específicos, entre janeiro de 2000 a junho de 2015. Outras publicações presentes na seção de referência de cada artigo relavante foi analisada a partir de uma busca manual e foram acrescentadas na lista de artigos selecionados. Resultados: inicialmente, um total de 114 títulos foi identificado. Um estudo adicional foi identificado como relevantes após uma busca das listas de referência. Após o enquadramento nos critérios de inclusão e exclusão, apenas dois artigos foram selecionados. Os estudos incluídos demonstram resolução dos sinais clínicos, sintomas e radiolucência periapical para ambas as formas de tratamento. Em contrapartida os estudos foram divergentes no que diz respeito ao aumento de comprimento e espessura radicular após terapias regenerativas; enquanto um estudo apresentou dados mais favoráveis à terapia regenerativa, o outro não demonstrou diferenças entre as duas terapias testadas. Conclusão: a presente revisão sistemática indica a existência de poucos estudos comparando diretamente as duas técnicas avaliadas. Além disso, os protocolos de revascularização oferecem o potencial para tratar dentes permanentes com rizogênese incompleta, com o consequente desaparecimento dos sinais e sintomas e uma maior possibilidade de continuidade de formação radicular quando comparados aos tradicionais procedimentos de apicificação.


Objective: to perform a systematic literature review to evaluate the success rates of treatment of immature permanent teeth with apical periodontitis after traditional procedures like apexification or regeneration/pulp revascularization. Materials and Methods: an electronic search was executed in the PubMed and Cochrane databases using specific medical terms. Articles published between January 2000 and June 2015 were evaluated. Other publications in the reference section of each relevant article were analyzed in a manual search and were added to the selected articles list. Results: at first, a total of 114 titles and resumes was identified after an electronic search in both electronic databases, using a specific combination of terms and keywords. An additional study was identified as being relevant after a reference list search. After the framing in the inclusion/exclusion criteria, only two articles were selected. The included studies demonstrated resolution of clinical signs, symptoms, and periapical radiolucencies to both treatments. On the other hand, these studies were divergent in relation to increased length and root thickness after regenerative therapy; while one of the studies presented more favorable outcomes to regenerative therapy, the other one showed no differences between the two tested therapies. Conclusion: although there are few studies performing a direct comparison between conventional therapies and regenerative therapies, the present systematic review indicates that revascularization protocols offer the potential to treat permanent teeth with incomplete root formation, leading to the disappearance of the signals, symptoms, and an increased possibility of continuing root formation.

18.
Braz Dent J ; 27(4): 419-23, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27652704

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to verify the long-term cytotoxic effects of the MTA Fillapex and to compare them with AH Plus. Dissolution rate and pH were also evaluated. Human osteoblast cells were incubated with elutes of fresh specimens from AH Plus and MTA Fillapex, and with elutes of the same specimens for 4 successive weeks. Elute's pH was evaluated at each time point. A multiparametric cell viability assay was performed. For dissolution rate, ISO methodology was used. The results were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance, complemented with the Tukey post-test (p<0.05). No significant difference was found among the materials when fresh mixed (p>0.05). After 1 week, AH Plus became non-cytotoxic on all three evaluated parameters. Conversely, MTA Fillapex remained severely and mildly cytotoxic over the entire experimental period (p<0.05). The dissolution rate of AH Plus was significantly lower than MTA Fillapex at all time points (p>0.05). The pH of AH Plus was significantly lower than MTA Fillapex at the second and third week (p<0.05). In the other tested time points no statistical difference was observed. In conclusion, MTA Fillapex remained cytotoxic after 4 weeks and its cytotoxicity may be related to the high dissolution rate of this material.


Assuntos
Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Solubilidade
19.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 73(3): 180-185, Jul.-Set. 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-844026

RESUMO

Objetivo: O presente trabalho teve o objetivo de determinar as dimensões e verificar se os instrumentos X1, X2 e X3 atendem as recomendações da norma ANSI/ ADA nº 101 e se os cones de guta-percha F1, F2 e F3 atendem a norma ANSI/ADA nº 78. Material e Métodos: Os resultados dos instrumentos foram comparados com as dimensões dos cones de guta-percha. Foram utilizados 10 instrumentos e 10 cones de cada tipo. As imagens para análise micromorfométrica foram obtidas com uma lupa Opticam e as medidas determinadas com o software TSView versão 7.2.1.7. Os diâmetros em D3, D6 e D9 reais foram comparados com os nominais pelo teste t-student. Os diâmetros dos instrumentos em D3, D6 e D9 foram comparados com os dos cones pelo teste Anova e complementados com teste de comparações múltiplas SNK. Todos os testes adotaram nível de significância α=5%. Resultados: Os resultados obtidos mostraram que há diferença estatisticamente significante entre as dimensões reais e nominais dos instrumentos (p < 0,05). O instrumento X3 apresentou diferença estatisticamente significante em relação ao cone F1 (p < 0,05), onde os valores do cone são menores do que os dos instrumentos. Conclusão: Dentro das limitações deste estudo pôde-se concluir que: os instrumentos X1 e os cones de guta-percha não atenderam as recomendações de suas normas. O cone F1 pode ser uma opção para obturação dos canais modelados com o instrumento X3, porém a termoplastificação se faz necessária.


Objective: The aim of the present study was to verify if the Protaper Next instruments X1, X2, and X3 and the Protaper Universal gutta-percha cones F1, F2, and F3 meet the ANSI/ADA 101 and 78 recommendations. Material and Methods: The instruments' dimensions were compared with those obtained by the gutta-percha cones. For this, ten instruments and ten cones of each type were used. Micromorphometric images were obtained and analyzed through a stereomicroscope (OptiCam) and measurements were obtained with TSView software, version 7.2.1.7. The D3, D6, and D9 diameters were compared with the nominal diameters using the Student's t-test. After this, the real diameters of the instruments D3, D6, and D9 were compared with the gutta-percha cone diameters by Anova supplemented with SNK test for multiple comparisons. A p ≤0.05 was considered significant. Results: The results showed statistically significant differences between the real diameter and nominal diameter of the instruments (p <0.05). The X3 instrument showed a statistically significant difference when compared to the F1 cone (p <0.05), and the cone values were lower than the instrument values. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that: 1) the X1 instrument and the gutta-percha points did not meet the recommendations, and 2) the F1 cone can be an option for filling the modeled channels with the X3 instrument, but termoplastification is required.

20.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 73(3): 237-241, Jul.-Set. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-844035

RESUMO

Objetivo: O objetivo do presente trabalho foi revisar as publicações prévias sobre o EndoSequence BC Sealer com o intuito de avaliar os resultados obtidos por este cimento em relação às suas propriedades biológicas e físico-químicas, analisando-se, assim, de forma mais consistente, diversos âmbitos de sua atuação e possíveis desfechos de seu uso clínico realizar uma revisão de literatura sobre este material. Material e Métodos: Uma busca extensiva na literatura foi realizada para identificação de todos os artigos publicados sobre o cimento EndoSequence BC Sealer, considerando-se estudos que avaliaram suas propriedades biológicas e físico-químicas. A estratégia de busca foi fundamentada no acesso às bases de dados PubMed e Bireme. Resultados: Trinta e dois artigos satisfizeram os critérios de inclusão e foram utilizados na presente revisão. Os artigos demonstraram que o cimento possui radiopacidade, escoamento, solubilidade e alteração dimensional adequadas. Além disso, o cimento possui atividade antimicrobiana e é biocompatível. Conclusão: A avaliação dos trabalhos prévios do EndoSequence BC Sealer permite concluir que o cimento EndoSequence BC Sealer demonstrou performance satisfatória quanto as propriedades necessárias para um material obturador endodôntico.


Objective: The aim of this study was to review the previous publications of the EndoSequence BC Sealer in order to evaluate the results obtained using this sealer with regards to its biological and physicochemical properties; therefore, analyzing several areas of its performance and possible outcomes of its clinical use in a more reliable way. Material and Methods: A search of the literature was performed for the identification of all published articles using the EndoSequence BC Sealer, considering studies that evaluated its biological and physicochemical properties. The strategy of the search was based on access to the PubMed and Bireme databases. Results: Thirty-two manuscripts met the inclusion criteria and were used in this review. These manuscripts demonstrated that the sealer has adequate radiopacity, flow, solubility, and dimensional changes. Furthermore, the sealer has antimicrobial activity and is biocompatible. Conclusion: A review of the relevant literature suggests that the EndoSequence BC Sealer has demonstrated satisfactory performance in some important properties for a root canal sealer

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