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1.
Reprod Fertil Dev ; 30(2): 359-370, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28768567

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the viability, antrum formation and in vitro development of isolated secondary follicles from vitrified caprine ovarian cortex in a medium previously established for fresh isolated secondary follicles, in the absence (α-minimum essential medium (α-MEM+) alone) or presence of FSH and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF; α-MEM++FSH+VEGF). Ovarian fragments were distributed among five treatments (T1 to T5): fresh follicles were fixed immediately (T1), follicles from fresh tissue were cultured in vitro in α-MEM+ (T2) or α-MEM++FSH+VEGF (T3) and follicles from vitrified tissue were cultured in vitro in α-MEM+ (T4) or α-MEM++FSH+VEGF (T5). After 6 days of culture, treated follicles (T2, T3, T4 and T5) were evaluated for morphology, viability and follicular development (growth, antrum formation and proliferation of granulosa cells by Ki67 and argyrophilic nucleolar organiser region (AgNOR) staining). The levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the culture media were also assessed. Overall, morphology of vitrified follicles was altered (P<0.05) compared with the fresh follicles. Follicular viability, antrum formation and ROS were similar between treatments (P>0.05). The average overall and daily follicular growth was highest (P<0.05) in T3. Granulosa cells in all treatments (T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5) stained positive for Ki67. However, fresh follicles from T3 had significantly higher AgNOR staining (P<0.05) compared with follicles of T1, T2, T4 and T5. In conclusion, secondary follicles can be isolated from vitrified and warmed ovarian cortex and survive and form an antrum when growing in an in vitro culture for 6 days.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/veterinária , Cabras/embriologia , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos/veterinária , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Ovário/citologia , Animais , Antígenos Nucleares/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Forma Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Fármacos para a Fertilidade Feminina/farmacologia , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/farmacologia
2.
Microsc Res Tech ; 80(4): 406-418, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27921341

RESUMO

The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of medium replacement system (experiment I) and of FSH presentations (homeopathic - FSH 6cH and allopathic FSH - rFSH; experiment II) on the in vitro development, hormone production and gene expression of isolated ovine preantral follicles cultured for 6 days. In experiment I, secondary follicles were cultured in the α-MEM+ supplemented with FSH 6cH (0.05 fg/ml) or recombinant bovine FSH (100 ng/ml) without/with daily medium addition. The homeopathic FSH treatments with/without medium addition improved (p < .05) follicular development compared to rFSH100 treatment without addition. FSH 6cH with addition showed the highest (p < .05) estradiol production. To verify whether the effects of homeopathic FSH were not due to its vehicle, experiment II was performed. The α-MEM+ was supplemented or not with alcohol (0.2% grain ethanol, v/v), FSH 6cH or rFSH100 with daily medium addition. Surprisingly, we found that all treatments improved follicular development compared to the α-MEM+ (p < .05). Moreover, homeopathic FSH was similar to the other treatments including its vehicle. In conclusion, its vehicle (ethanol) causes the effect of homeopathic FSH on in vitro development of isolated ovine preantral follicles.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Etanol/farmacologia , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Hormônios/biossíntese , Técnicas de Cultura de Órgãos/métodos , Folículo Ovariano/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Caspase 3/análise , Conexina 43/análise , Conexinas/análise , Fragmentação do DNA , Estradiol/biossíntese , Etanol/química , Feminino , Homeopatia , Hormônios/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Progesterona/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Ovinos
3.
Reprod Fertil Dev ; 25(6): 927-34, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22953726

RESUMO

To determine whether the effects of different concentrations of insulin on the development of canine preantral follicles in vitro were associated or not with FSH, secondary follicles were isolated and cultured. In Experiment 1, follicles were cultured in the following media: modified minimum essential medium (CtrlMEM) alone; CtrlMEM plus 5 ng mL⁻¹ insulin (Ins5ng); CtrlMEM plus 10 ng mL⁻¹ insulin (Ins10ng); and CtrlMEM plus 10 µg mL⁻¹ insulin. In Experiment 2, follicles were cultured in the same media but in the presence of sequential FSH (i.e. CtrlFSH, Ins5ngF, Ins10ngF and 10µgF, respectively). Increasing concentrations of FSH (100, 500 and 1000 ng mL⁻¹) were added sequentially to the culture medium on Days 0, 6 and 12 of culture. Viability were assessed at the end of culture and follicular diameter and the antrum formation rate at four time points (Days 0, 6, 12 and 18). In Experiment 1, the high insulin concentration significantly increased follicular viability (P<0.05). In contrast, in Experiment 2, viability was not affected by the inclusion of insulin. In addition, viability was significantly better in follicles cultured in CtrlFSH (P<0.05). The diameter of follicles in the high-insulin group in Experiment 1 and high-insulin plus FSH group in Experiment 2 was superior to other groups tested. In experiment 2, the Ins10µg and Ins10µgF groups exhibited significantly higher antrum formation rates than the other groups. In conclusion, in the absence of FSH, high concentrations of insulin have beneficial effects on follicular viability. However, to promote the growth of canine preantral follicles in vitro, it is recommended that a combination of insulin and FSH be added to the medium.


Assuntos
Cães/fisiologia , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos/veterinária , Insulina/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cruzamentos Genéticos , Feminino , Fármacos para a Fertilidade Feminina/farmacologia , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Oogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Concentração Osmolar , Folículo Ovariano/citologia , Fatores de Tempo , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos/veterinária
4.
Biol Reprod ; 87(3): 69, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22811569

RESUMO

The actions of different concentrations of insulin alone or in combination with follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) were evaluated by in vitro follicular development and mRNA expression of cytochrome P450 aromatase (CYP19A1) and as receptors for insulin (INSR) and FSH (FSHR) from isolated, cultured goat preantral follicles. Goat preantral follicles were microdissected and cultured for 18 days in the absence or presence of insulin (5 and 10 ng/ml or 10 µg/ml) alone or in combination with FSH. After 18 days, the addition of the maximum concentration of insulin to the culture medium reduced follicular survival and antrum formation rates significantly compared to the other treatments. However, when FSH was added to the culture medium, no differences between these two parameters were observed. Preantral and antral follicles from the fresh control as well as from all cultured follicles still presented a normal ultrastructural pattern. In medium supplemented with FSH, only insulin at 10 ng/ml presented oocytes with higher rates of meiosis resumption compared to control, as well as oocytes in metaphase II. Treatment with insulin (10 ng/ml) plus FSH resulted in significantly increased levels of INSR and CYP19A1 mRNA compared to that with other treatments. In conclusion, 10 ng/ml insulin associated with FSH was more efficient in promoting resumption of oocyte meiosis, maintaining survival, stimulating follicular development, and increasing expression of the INSR and CYP19A1 genes in goat preantral follicles.


Assuntos
Aromatase/genética , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Cabras , Insulina/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor de Insulina/genética , Receptores do FSH/genética , Animais , Aromatase/análise , Aromatase/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Cabras/genética , Cabras/metabolismo , Cabras/fisiologia , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos/métodos , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Folículo Ovariano/ultraestrutura , RNA Mensageiro/análise , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptor de Insulina/análise , Receptor de Insulina/metabolismo , Receptores do FSH/análise , Receptores do FSH/metabolismo , Escalas de Valor Relativo
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