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1.
J Acupunct Meridian Stud ; 15(2): 105-113, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35770577

RESUMO

Background: Despite the widespread clinical use of acupuncture in painful situations, the use of this treatment should be further clarified. Nociception is mediated by the activation of nociceptors, such as transient receptor potentials (TRPs). The family of TRPs includes TRPV1, TRPM8, and TRPA1, which can be stimulated by substances such as capsaicin, menthol, and methyl salicylate, respectively. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the role of TRPs in antinociception via the administration of agonists of these receptors in the Zusanli acupoint (ST36) in models of inflammatory, acute, and neuropathic pain. Methods: Male Wistar rats were used for this experiment. All rats received a subcutaneous injection of TRP agonists (capsaicin, menthol, or methyl salicylate) in ST36; saline was injected as control. Nociception was evaluated using the electronic mechanical threshold test and tail-flick test before the administration of complete Freund's adjunct or chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve and after the administration of TRP agonists. Results: Nociception was found to be attenuated after treatment with TRP agonists. The administration of different doses (0.03, 0.3, and 3.0 µg/20 µL) of capsaicin, menthol, and methyl salicylate in the different pain models (neuropathic, inflammatory, and nociceptive) induced antinociception in most of the evaluated time points. Conclusion: Based on the findings, we suggest that the activation of TRPV1, TRPM8, and TRPA1 receptors results in the antinociceptive effect of the stimulation of the ST36 acupoint. Thus, TRP receptors may present a new therapeutic opportunity for the control of inflammatory and neuropathic pain.


Assuntos
Acupuntura , Neuralgia , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Capsaicina/farmacologia , Masculino , Mentol , Neuralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Medição da Dor , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
2.
Acupunct Med ; 40(5): 425-433, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35437025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture, as a complementary and alternative medical treatment, has shown some promise as a therapeutic option for obesity and weight control. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on body weight, body mass index (BMI), skin fold thickness, waist circumference and skin temperature of the abdominal region in non-obese women with excessive abdominal subcutaneous fat. METHODS: A total of 50 women with excessive abdominal subcutaneous fat (and average BMI of 22) were randomly assigned to one of two groups: an EA group (n = 25) receiving 10 EA sessions (insertion of needles connected to an electrical stimulator at a frequency of 40 Hz for 40 min) and a control group (n = 25) that received no treatment. Outcome measures evaluated included waist circumference, supra-iliac and abdominal skinfolds, body composition and superficial skin temperature (measured by cutaneous thermography) before and after treatment. RESULTS: Compared with the untreated group, women in the EA group exhibited decreased supra-iliac and abdominal skin folds (p < 0.001), waist circumference (p < 0.001), percentage body fat (p = 0.001) and percentage abdominal fat (p < 0.001). In addition, the EA group showed an elevated skin temperature at the site of the treatment. However, EA did not significantly impact body weight (p = 0.01) or BMI (p = 0.2). CONCLUSION: EA promoted a reduction in abdominal waist circumference, supra-iliac and abdominal skin folds, and percentage body and abdominal fat in women of normal BMI with excessive abdominal subcutaneous fat, as well as an increase in the superficial skin temperature of the abdominal region. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: RBR-9tsmpp (Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials).


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Obesidade/terapia , Temperatura Cutânea , Dobras Cutâneas , Circunferência da Cintura
3.
BrJP ; 5(1): 32-38, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364407

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on psychological aspects and its relationship with bruxism from a representative sample of the Brazilian population. METHODS: A cross-sectional Internet-based survey was conducted in a nationally representative sample of Brazilian adults to estimate the sociodemographic correlates and characteristics of bruxism, the quality of life of individuals World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL) and Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) in the Brazilian population during the COVID-19 pandemic. Research was collected from May to August 2020. The data were analyzed using qualitative analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1476 Survey forms were completed, and 1265 (85.70%) respondents declared presenting daytime clenching; over half of respondents (843, 57.11%) reported that they have grinding of teeth; and 1054 (71.41%) reported both clenching and grinding of teeth. Most of the respondents (1128, 76.42%) reported a negative perception of oral symptoms on the last month and all (1476, 100.00%) were feeling nervous or stressed during the period of social withdrawal induced by the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, 289 (19.58%) started having symptoms of fatigue or pain in the muscles of the face upon awakening and 318 (21.54%) started having muscle fatigue and discomfort in the teeth upon awakening. CONCLUSION: Findings have shown that all respondents were feeling nervous or stressed during the period of social withdrawal induced by the COVID-19 pandemic and reported bruxism symptoms. They also had lower averages of WHOQOL and SCS, suggesting worse perception of quality of life and self-compassion.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o impacto da pandemia de COVID-19 nos aspectos psicológicos e sua relação com o bruxismo a partir de amostra representativa da população brasileira. MÉTODOS: Foi conduzida uma pesquisa transversal baseada na internet em uma amostra representativa de adultos brasileiros para estimar os correlatos sociodemográficos e as características do bruxismo, a qualidade de vida (WHOQOL) dos indivíduos e a autocompaixão (SCS) na população brasileira durante a pandemia por COVID-19. A pesquisa foi coletada de maio a agosto de 2020. Os dados foram analisados por meio de análise qualitativa. RESULTADOS: Foram preenchidos 1.476 formulários da Pesquisa e 1.265 (85,70%) respondentes declararam apresentar apertamento diurno; mais da metade dos entrevistados (843, 57,11%) relatou ranger de dentes; e 1.054 (71,41%) relataram tanto apertamento quanto ranger de dentes. A maioria dos entrevistados (1.128, 76,42%) relatou percepção negativa dos sintomas de bruxismo no último mês e todos (1.476, 100,00%) estavam se sentindo nervosos ou estressados durante o período de afastamento social induzido pela pandemia de COVID-19. Além disso, 289 (19,58%) iniciaram sintomas de fadiga ou dor nos músculos da face ao acordar e 318 (21,54%) iniciaram com fadiga muscular e desconforto nos dentes ao acordar. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados mostraram que todos os entrevistados estavam se sentindo nervosos ou estressados durante o período de afastamento social induzido pela pandemia de COVID-19 e relataram sintomas de bruxismo. Também apresentaram médias mais baixas no WHOQOL e SCS, sugerindo pior percepção de qualidade de vida e autocompaixão.

4.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 35: e35202, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364850

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: On March 11, 2020, Covid-19 was characterized by the World Health Organization as a pandemic. In this context, different health professional councils have adopted initiatives to use communication technologies to provide services at a distance. Specifically, for physiotherapy, the Federal Council of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy (COFFITO) made possible the modalities of teleconsultation, teleconsulting, and telemonitoring. Objective: This study aimed to develop guidelines for physiotherapists who provide teleservices, which will help ensure the safety and quality of their professional practice during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: An integrative literature review was conducted through PubMed (National Library of Medicine), Cochrane Library, Higher Education Personnel Improvement Coordination Portal - CAPES, Virtual Health Library, Google Scholar, and personal experience within the team to develop guidelines for remote physical therapy during the COVID-19 pandemic. Results: Initially, 3,298 articles were selected from all cited search bases, scaled to 2,031 after exclusion due to repetition, 78 were in compliance with the proposed study, 73 of which were excluded for not answering the guiding question; therefore, 5 articles were accepted for the final analysis and used for the elaboration of the guidelines. Conclusion: The results provide an overview of the literature and guidelines for physiotherapists to implement physiotherapy teleconsultation, as well as some of the challenges that need to be considered.


Resumo Introdução: Em 11 de março de 2020, a COVID-19 foi caracterizada pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) como uma pandemia. Nesse contexto, diferentes conselhos de classes das categorias profissionais de saúde adotaram iniciativas para o uso de tecnologias de comunicação como modalidade de prestação de serviços à distância. Especificamente para a fisioterapia, o Conselho Federal de Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional (COFFITO) possibilitou o teleatendimento nas modalidades de teleconsulta, teleconsultoria e telemonitoramento. Objetivo: Elaborar diretrizes para os fisioterapeutas que prestam teleatendimento, as quais ajudarão a ampliar a segurança e qualidade da sua prática profissional no período da pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: Realizou-se uma revisão integrativa da literatura nas bases de dados PubMed (National Library of Medicine), Cochrane Library, Portal da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de nível Superior - CAPES, Virtual Health Library (VHL) e Google Scholar e utilizou-se a experiência pessoal dentro da equipe para propor diretrizes para o atendimento não presencial para o período da pandemia por COVID-19. Resultados: Inicialmente foram selecionados 3.298 artigos em todas as bases de buscas citadas, dimensionado para 2.031 após exclusão por repetição. Destes, 78 trabalhos apresentavam aderência ao estudo proposto, porém 73 foram excluídos por não responderem à questão orientadora; portanto, cinco artigos foram admitidos para a análise final e utilizados para a elaboração das diretrizes. Conclusão: Os resultados fornecem uma visão geral da literatura e diretrizes para os fisioterapeutas implementarem um teleatendimento em fisioterapia, bem como alguns dos desafios mais amplos que precisam ser considerados.


Assuntos
Intervenção Baseada em Internet , COVID-19 , Bases de Dados Bibliográficas , Modalidades de Fisioterapia
5.
Preprint em Inglês | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-710

RESUMO

In response to the outbreak of the novel Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), pathogen of the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19), several sectors and social activities have been affected, including education. At first, it is explained that educators and students can feel fragile during and after the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak. Subsequently, it is discussed that their relationship ought to be carefully established given the triggering of psychological and neuropsychiatric effects arising from neural coding and plasticity processes, which result in the formation of positive and negative memories in the short to long term. Finally, it is pointed out that the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic generates a need for adequacy and adaptation for the significant attention to students during the re-starting of studies, given that possible disorders of sensory modulation and involvement of limbic brain areas triggered in situations of risk of death, potential or real threat, can happen. It is assumed that at times of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, in addition to preserving life, one of the challenges is the behavioural (re)organisation, which includes habits from the educational context that need to contemplate a scientific perspective, seeking to transform the consequences of the pandemic fear on opportunities to reinforcement of familiar links. In the context of modern rationality, the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is also a period to think about the relationship between scientific knowledge and common sense. With this logic, neurosciences can develop a new format for the teaching-learning process, so that educators and students experiencing the pandemic threatening do not manifest psychological distress and secondary consequences. Therefore, education can be considered a central space in decision-making in the face of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. In this sense, the urgency of a multidisciplinary strategies development is highlighted, connecting the synergy between neurosciences and education after the COVID-19 pandemic.

6.
BrJP ; 1(4): 331-338, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038969

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of chronic pain has been increasing in the world, and it is considered the most underestimated health care problem impacting the quality of life. Furthermore, there is little consensus regarding the burden of chronic pain in Brazil. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of chronic pain in the general Brazilian adult population, and the socio-demographic, clinical, medical conditions and pain locations on the body. METHODS: A cross-sectional Internet-based survey was conducted in a nationally representative sample of Brazil adults to estimate the prevalence, sociodemographic correlates and characteristics of chronic pain in the Brazilian population. Twenty-seven-thousand and three hundred forty-five (27,345) representative residents were contacted. RESULTS: From 27,345 individuals, 20,830 (76.17%) presented chronic, recurrent, or long-lasting pain, lasting for at least 6 months. Nearly half of the respondents were 65 years older (48.15%) and the prevalence was higher in females (84,60%) than males (16.40%). The prevalence of primary chronic lower back pain was 59.85%; of primary rheumatoid arthritis was (59.78%) and primary osteoarthritis pain was 69.02%. Half of the respondents with chronic pain experienced daily pain, and average (past 3 months) pain intensity was moderate at 57.28%. CONCLUSION: Chronic pain affects more than two-thirds of the population of Brazil. Our findings revealed a high prevalence and severity of chronic pain and suggested that it is a public health problem in Brazil. Risk factors are being a woman, advanced age and low levels of household income. There is a need for improved health policies in Brazil for patients with chronic pain.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A prevalência de dor crônica tem aumentado no mundo e é considerada o problema de saúde mais subestimado, com impacto na qualidade de vida. Além disso, há pouco consenso em relação à carga da dor crônica ao sistema de saúde no Brasil. O presente estudo teve como objetivo investigar a prevalência de dor crônica na população adulta geral brasileira e as condições sociodemográficas, clínicas, médicas e a localização corporal da dor. METODOS: Foi realizado um estudo transversal, em questionário pela internet em uma amostra nacionalmente representativa de adultos do Brasil, para estimar a prevalência e características da dor crônica na população brasileira. Vinte e sete mil e trezentos e quarenta e cinco (27.345) residentes representativos foram contatados. RESULTADOS: Dos 27.345 indivíduos, 20.830 (76,17%) apresentaram dor crônica, recorrente ou duradoura com duração de pelo menos 6 meses. Quase metade dos entrevistados tinham mais de 65 anos de idade (48,15%) e a prevalência era maior nas mulheres (84,60%) do que nos homens (16,40%). A prevalência de dor lombar crônica primária foi de 59,85%; de artrite reumatoide primária foi (59,78%) e dor primária oriunda de osteoartrite foi de 69,02%. Metade dos entrevistados com dor crônica apresentava dor diária e a intensidade da dor média (últimos 3 meses) era moderada em 57,28%. CONCLUSÃO: A dor crônica afeta mais de dois terços da população do Brasil. Os resultados deste estudo revelaram alta prevalência da dor crônica. Os fatores de risco são ser mulher, idade avançada e baixos níveis de renda familiar. Há necessidade de melhores políticas de saúde para pacientes com dor crônica no Brasil.

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