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1.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 27(3): 338-344, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1039443

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução O uso de psicotrópicos por cirurgiões-dentistas é permitido por lei no Brasil para casos clínicos específicos. São poucos os estudos sobre a sua utilização na odontologia. Objetivo Este estudo investigou a prescrição de psicotrópicos por cirurgiões-dentistas inscritos no Conselho Regional de Minas Gerais e seu conhecimento sobre a Portaria 344/1998. Método Foram enviados aos 15.250 cirurgiões-dentistas um questionário eletrônico com 13 questões abordando a prescrição de psicotrópicos, e foram respondidos 969 questionários. Foram estudados: o tempo de formado, tipo de instituição de graduação, tipo de pós-graduação, medicamentos mais prescritos, conhecimento sobre a Portaria 344/1998 e público mais frequente que recebe a prescrição. Resultados 257 profissionais prescrevem psicotrópicos e 223 conhecem a legislação. Um preocupante percentual de profissionais que prescreve esses medicamentos não conhece o teor da Portaria 344/1998. Os analgésicos opioides são os medicamentos mais prescritos. Os especialistas são os que mais prescrevem psicotrópicos (p=0,015), e aqueles que prescrevem ansiolíticos conhecem a legislação com maior frequência (p=0,003). Os cirurgiões bucomaxilofaciais (p=0,02) e os especialistas em distúrbios da articulação temporomandibular (0,03) são os que mais conhecem a legislação e prescrevem medicação psicotrópica. A dor forte e o medo são as duas principais razões para a prescrição. Conclusão Ser especialista e conhecer a Portaria 344/1998 são fatores associados à prescrição de psicotrópicos entre cirurgiões-dentistas.


Abstract Background The use of psychotropics by dental surgeons is permitted by law in Brazil for specific clinical cases. There are few studies on its use in dentistry. Objective This study investigated the prescription of psychotropics drugs by dentists enrolled in the Regional Council of Minas Gerais and their knowledge about regulatory ordinance 344/1998. Method An electronic questionnaire with 13 questions addressing the prescription of psychotropic drugs was sent to 15250 dental surgeons and 969 questionnaires were answered. It was considered the time of graduation, type of undergraduate institution, type of postgraduate course, more frequent prescribed medication, knowledge about ordinance 344/1998 and more frequent public that receives the prescription. Results Two hundred and fifty-seven professionals prescribe psychotropic drugs and 223 know the law, and a worrying percentage of professionals who prescribe these drugs does not know the content of the Ordinance 344/1998. Opioid analgesics are the most prescribed psychotropic medications. Specialists are the ones who prescribe psychotropic drugs (p=0.015) and those professionals who prescribe anxiolytics know the legislation more frequently (p=0.003). The maxillofacial surgeons (p=0.02) and experts in disorders of the temporomandibular jaw joint (0.03) are the ones who know the law and prescribe psychotropic medication. Strong pain and fear are the two main reasons for prescribing psychotropic drugs. Conclusion Being a specialist and knowing the ordinance 344/1998 are factors associated with the prescription of psychotropic medications among dentists.

2.
Braz Oral Res ; 31: e50, 2017 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28678969

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the epidemiological and clinical profiles of patients before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and the need for endodontic treatment. The subjects included 188 individuals enrolled in the dental care program for transplanted patients of the School of Dentistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais (Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, FO-UFMG) from March 2011 through March 2016. The patients were subjected to an HSCT conditioning dental regimen based on a thorough clinical and radiographic evaluation. Intraoral periapical and bite-wing X-rays were obtained, and after evaluation, specific dental treatment was planned and performed. The following demographic and clinical data were collected from the patients' medical records: age, gender, transplantation stage, primary disease, transplant type, medication used, complete blood count at the time of visit, and need for endodontic treatment. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov and the chi-square tests were used. Leukemia (31.3%) and multiple myeloma (17.9%) were the most prevalent primary diseases. Most patients were subjected to allogeneic-related transplantation (83.6%). Most patients exhibited platelet counts and hemoglobin concentrations below the reference values in the pre-transplantation stage, while the neutrophil and platelet counts and the hemoglobin levels were within the reference ranges in the post-transplantation stage. The proportions of individuals requiring endodontic treatment were similar between the pre- and post-transplantation groups: 24.3% and 24.7%, respectively. The systemic conditions of the patients referred for dental treatment were compromised.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Doentes Crônicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/estatística & dados numéricos , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Doenças da Medula Óssea/imunologia , Doenças da Medula Óssea/cirurgia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressão/efeitos adversos , Leucemia/imunologia , Leucemia/cirurgia , Linfoma/imunologia , Linfoma/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/imunologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Transplante Homólogo/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Arq. odontol ; 53: 1-9, jan.-dez. 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-906064

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil dos pacientes atendidos em uma instituição filantrópica onde funciona o projeto de extensão "Atendimento Odontológico a Pacientes com Necessidades Especiais". Métodos: A amostra foi composta por 581 prontuários de pacientes com necessidades especiais de 0 a 33 anos de idade. Foram coletadas informações sobre as prevalências de cárie nas dentições decídua e permanente, gengivite, xerostomia, bruxismo, refluxo gastroesofágico, sexo, uso de medicação de ação central, uso de chupeta, sucção digital, alimentação e higiene bucal. Os dados foram analisados por meio da estatística descritiva e teste do qui-quadrado para verificação de associação entre diagnóstico e sexo. Resultados: 51,93% dos pacientes eram meninos, 71,42% possuíam paralisia cerebral, 12,36% tinham refluxo gastroesofágico, 49,30% usavam medicação anticonvulsivante. O diagnóstico de paralisia cerebral quadriespástica esteve associado ao sexo masculino. Dentre as alterações bucais, 4,86% dos casos apresentaram xerostomia. O uso da chupeta foi encontrado em 26,93% dos indivíduos e 18,05% chupavam o dedo. Alterações gengivais foram detectadas em 15,61% das fichas. Em relação à alimentação, 56,97% dos indivíduos consumiam açúcar acima do aceitável, e com relação à higiene bucal, 14,48% foram classificados como ruim e 17,57% moderada. Em 20,57% dos prontuários havia registro de dentes decíduos cariados e em 4,29% de dentes obturados. Do total de pacientes que possuíam dentes permanentes, 13,17% tinha dentes cariados e 7,75% possuía dentes obturados. A prevalência de cárie dentária é moderada com pequena proporção de dentes restaurados. A alimentação é rica em sacarose para quase 60% destes pacientes. Conclusão: os hábitos parafuncionais apresentam um percentual preocupante de prevalência. Por isso, estes pacientes possuem um perfil de doenças bucais com gravidade moderada e que devem ter um acompanhamento odontológico sistemático para que a prevalência de doenças bucais não aumente com o passar dos anos.(AU)


Aim: The present study aimed to describe the profile of the patients who received dental care at a philanthropic institution, within the project "Dental Care for Patients with Special Needs". Methods: This study was carried out by evaluating 581 records of patients with special needs from 0 to 33 years of age. Data were collected on the prevalence of caries in deciduous and permanent dentitions, gingivitis, xerostomia, bruxism, gastroesophageal reflux, sex, use of central action medication, pacifier use, digital suction, feeding, and oral hygiene. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the chi-square test to verify an association between diagnosis and sex. Results: The results showed that 51.93% were boys, 71.42% had cerebral palsy, 12.36% had gastroesophageal reflux, and 49.30% used anticonvulsant medication. The diagnosis of quadrispastic cerebral palsy was associated with males. Xerostomia was observed in 4.86% of the cases. The use of pacifiers was present in 26.93% of the individuals, while 18.05% of the patients used to suck their finger. Gingival changes were detected in 15.61% of the records. In relation to food, 56.97% of the individuals consumed sugar above the acceptable amount, and when oral hygiene was considered, 14.48% were classified as poor and 17.57% as moderate. This study also identified 20.57% of decayed and 4.29% of filled deciduos teeth. Among the patients who had permanent teeth, 13.17% had decayed teeth, while 7.75% had filled teeth. It could therefore be concluded that the prevalence of dental caries is moderate with a small proportion of treated teeth. Diet is rich in sucrose for almost 60% of these patients. Conclusion: The parafunctional habits present a worrisome percentage of prevalence. Therefore, these patients have a profile of oral diseases with moderate severity and should undergo systematic dental follow-up so that the prevalence of oral diseases does not increase over the years.(AU)


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Assistência Odontológica para Pessoas com Deficiências , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento , Perfil de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária , Gengivite , Estudo Observacional
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e50, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-952114

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the epidemiological and clinical profiles of patients before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and the need for endodontic treatment. The subjects included 188 individuals enrolled in the dental care program for transplanted patients of the School of Dentistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais (Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, FO-UFMG) from March 2011 through March 2016. The patients were subjected to an HSCT conditioning dental regimen based on a thorough clinical and radiographic evaluation. Intraoral periapical and bite-wing X-rays were obtained, and after evaluation, specific dental treatment was planned and performed. The following demographic and clinical data were collected from the patients' medical records: age, gender, transplantation stage, primary disease, transplant type, medication used, complete blood count at the time of visit, and need for endodontic treatment. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov and the chi-square tests were used. Leukemia (31.3%) and multiple myeloma (17.9%) were the most prevalent primary diseases. Most patients were subjected to allogeneic-related transplantation (83.6%). Most patients exhibited platelet counts and hemoglobin concentrations below the reference values in the pre-transplantation stage, while the neutrophil and platelet counts and the hemoglobin levels were within the reference ranges in the post-transplantation stage. The proportions of individuals requiring endodontic treatment were similar between the pre- and post-transplantation groups: 24.3% and 24.7%, respectively. The systemic conditions of the patients referred for dental treatment were compromised.

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