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2.
Eur J Pediatr ; 2020 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623627

RESUMO

There is an increasing evidence that strict evaluation of clinical signs is effective in detecting newborns at risk of early-onset sepsis (EOS) that require antibiotic therapy. In a retrospective case control design, we compared EOS antibiotic indication by clinical signs surveillance with multivariate risk analysis (EOSCalc), and estimate their costs. Newborns ≥ 34 weeks who received EOS antibiotics from June 2014 to December 2016 were studied. Were considered symptomatic those with three clinical signs within first 24 h or two signs and one risk factor present. Cost estimative was done using bottom-up hospital's perspective. Eight thousand three hundred twenty-one were born, 384 were included. Two hundred nineteen (57%) would receive antibiotics by EOSCalc and 64 (16.7%) by clinical signs (p < 0.001). All patients with blood cultures were detected and false-negatives were absent. Total cost was US$ 574,121, estimate US$ 415,576 by EOSCalc, and US$ 314,353 by clinical signs (p < 0.001).Conclusions: The use of EOSCalc and clinical signs surveillance seem to be safe and accurate methods in EOS management. Additionally, the two approaches have shown an economic advantage when compared with the hospital's current practice. What is Known: • EOSCalc is a useful method for screening of EOS in late preterm and term infants. • Presence of clinical signs and/or maternal risk factors are present newborns with EOS. What is New: • Rigorous observation of clinical signs is a more accurate method than EOSCalc to screen for EOS in late preterm and term newborns. • Rigorous observation of clinical signs is more economic than EOSCalc in managing EOS in late preterm and term neonates.

3.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-9, 2020 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32508165

RESUMO

Background: Early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality related to premature birth, and its diagnosis remains difficult. Our goal was to evaluate the intestinal microbiota of the first meconium of preterm newborns and ascertain whether it is associated with clinical EONS.Methods: In a controlled, prospective cohort study, samples of the first meconium of premature infants with a gestational age (GA) ≤32 weeks was obtained at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre and DNA was isolated from the samples. 16S rDNA based microbiota composition of preterm infants with a clinical diagnosis of EONS was compared to that of a control group.Results: 40 (48%) premature infants with clinical diagnosis of EONS and 44 (52%) without EONS were included in the analysis. The most abundant phylum detected in both groups, Proteobacteria, was more prevalent in the sepsis group (p = .034). 14% of variance among bacterial communities (p = .001) correlated with EONS. The genera most strongly associated with EONS were Paenibacillus, Caulobacter, Dialister, Akkermansia, Phenylobacterium, Propionibacterium, Ruminococcus, Bradyrhizobium, and Alloprevotella. A single genus, Flavobacterium, was most strongly associated with the control group.Conclusion: These findings suggest that the first-meconium microbiota is different in preterm neonates with and without clinical EONS.

5.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 96(supl.1): 80-86, Mar.-Apr. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1098352

RESUMO

Abstract Objectives To present current evidence on the etiology, risk factors, diagnosis, and management of early and late neonatal sepsis. Source of data Non-systematic review of the Medline (PubMed), Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane, and Google Scholar databases regarding the following terms: neonatal sepsis, early neonatal sepsis, late neonatal sepsis, empirical antibiotic therapy, sepsis calculator, vancomycin, newborn, preterm newborn. Data synthesis Neonatal sepsis is a frequent cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Its diagnosis is difficult. Continuous observation of the patient is critical to diagnostic suspicion. When neonatal sepsis is suspected, bacteriological tests should be collected. Vancomycin should not be routinely using in the empirical antibiotic regimen in late neonatal sepsis, and the main protective mechanisms against neonatal sepsis are handwashing and the use of breast milk. Conclusions Newborns constitute a group that is more vulnerable to sepsis. Knowledge of risk factors and etiological agents allows a better approach to the newborn with sepsis.


Resumo Objetivos Apresentar evidências atuais na etiologia, fatores de risco, diagnóstico e manejo da sepse neonatal precoce e tardia. Fontes de dados Revisão não sistemática feita nas bases de dados Medline (PubMed), Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane, Google Scholar sobre os temas sepse neonatal, sepse neonatal precoce, sepse neonatal tardia, antibioticoterapia empírica, sepsis calculator, vancomicina, recém-nascido, recém-nascido pré-termo. Síntese de dados A sepse neonatal é uma causa frequente de morbimortalidade neonatal. O seu diagnóstico é difícil. A observação contínua do paciente é fundamental para uma suspeição diagnóstica. Ao se suspeitar de sepse neonatal devem-se coletar exames bacteriológicos. Não usar, rotineiramente, vancomicina no esquema empírico de antibiótico na sepse neonatal tardia. Os principais mecanismos protetores da sepse neonatal são a lavagem de mãos e o uso do leite materno. Conclusões Os recém-nascidos constituem um grupo mais vulnerável à sepse. O conhecimento dos fatores de risco e dos agentes etiológicos permite uma melhor abordagem do recém-nascido séptico.

6.
Braz J Microbiol ; 51(1): 151-159, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332740

RESUMO

Preterm birth remains the main contributor to early childhood mortality. The vaginal environment, including microbiota composition, might contribute to the risk of preterm delivery. Alterations in the vaginal microbial community structure might represent a risk factor for preterm birth. Here, we aimed to (a) investigate the association between preterm birth and the vaginal microbial community and (b) identify microbial biomarkers for risk of preterm birth. Microbial DNA was isolated from vaginal swabs in a cohort of 69 women enrolled at hospital admission for their delivery. Microbiota was analyzed by high-throughput 16S rRNA sequencing. While no differences in microbial diversity measures appeared associated with the spontaneous preterm and full-term outcomes, the microbial composition was distinct for these groups. Differential abundance analysis showed Lactobacillus species to be associated with full-term birth whereas an unknown Prevotella species was more abundant in the spontaneous preterm group. Although we studied a very miscegenated population from Brazil, our findings were similar to evidence pointed by other studies in different countries. The role of Lactobacillus species as a protector in the vaginal microbiome is demonstrated to be also a protector of spontaneous preterm outcome whereas the presence of pathogenic species, such as Prevotella spp., is endorsed as a factor of risk for spontaneous preterm delivery.

7.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 96 Suppl 1: 80-86, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747556

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To present current evidence on the etiology, risk factors, diagnosis, and management of early and late neonatal sepsis. SOURCE OF DATA: Non-systematic review of the Medline (PubMed), Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane, and Google Scholar databases regarding the following terms: neonatal sepsis, early neonatal sepsis, late neonatal sepsis, empirical antibiotic therapy, sepsis calculator, vancomycin, newborn, preterm newborn. DATA SYNTHESIS: Neonatal sepsis is a frequent cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Its diagnosis is difficult. Continuous observation of the patient is critical to diagnostic suspicion. When neonatal sepsis is suspected, bacteriological tests should be collected. Vancomycin should not be routinely using in the empirical antibiotic regimen in late neonatal sepsis, and the main protective mechanisms against neonatal sepsis are handwashing and the use of breast milk. CONCLUSIONS: Newborns constitute a group that is more vulnerable to sepsis. Knowledge of risk factors and etiological agents allows a better approach to the newborn with sepsis.

8.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(10): 159, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602538

RESUMO

The female lower genital tract harbors a complex microbial community essential for homeostasis and health. During pregnancy, the female body undergoes unique hormonal changes that contribute to weight gain as well as modulations in immune function that can affect microbiota composition. Several studies have described the vaginal microbiota of pregnant women from the USA, Europe and Mexico. Here we expand our knowledge about the vaginal microbial communities during the third trimester to healthy expectant Brazilian mothers. Vaginal samples were collected from patients delivering at the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil. Microbial DNA was isolated from samples and the V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene was amplified and sequenced using the PGM Ion Torrent. Brazilian pregnant women presented three distinct types of microbial community at the time of labor. Two microbial communities, Cluster 1 and Cluster 3, presented an overall dominance of Lactobacillus while Cluster 2 tended to present higher diversity and richness, with the presence of Pseudomonas, Prevotella and other vaginosis related bacteria. About half of the Brazilian mothers sampled here had dominance of L. iners. The proportion of mothers without dominance of any Lactobacillus was higher in Brazil (22%) compared to UK (2.4%) and USA, where this community type was not detected. The vaginal microbiota showed significant correlation with the composition of the babies' gut microbiota (p-value = 0.002 with a R2 of 15.8%). Mothers presenting different vaginal microbiota shared different microorganisms with their newborns, which would reflect on initial colonizers of the developing newborns' gut.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Microbiota , Vagina/microbiologia , Adulto , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Biodiversidade , Brasil , DNA Bacteriano , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Análise Multivariada , Gravidez , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Reino Unido , Adulto Jovem
9.
Am J Perinatol ; 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170750

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience with a protocol of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) in southern Brazil. STUDY DESIGN: Newborns with gestational age > 35 weeks with evidence of perinatal asphyxia plus moderate or severe encephalopathy were recruited between March 2011 and November 2017. Whole-body hypothermia for 72 hours, starting within the first 6 hours of life was used. Survivors underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and electroencephalogram (EEG). The primary outcome was death during hospitalization and neurodevelopment assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development III (BSID III) at 12 months of age. RESULTS: A total of 72 newborns were treated (41 with moderate encephalopathy and 31 with severe encephalopathy), of whom 16 died. MRI was performed in 56 patients, and 24 presented some alterations. Fifty-three patients had an EEG: 11 normal, 20 mildly altered, 12 moderately altered, and 10 severely altered. Forty patients were evaluated through BSID III: 45% presented with some delay in neurodevelopment, 8 (20%) had motor retardation, 15 (37.5%) had language delay, and 13 (32.5%) had a delay in cognitive development. CONCLUSION: Mortality and adverse events were similar to those described in large randomized controlled trials. TH is a safe and an effective method of neurologic protection in asphyxiated newborns in a developing country when performed adequately.

10.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(3): 291-297, May-June 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012606

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome-like symptoms in a population of preterm infants with very low birth weight (<1500 g) at 2 years of corrected age and identify the occurrence of associated risk factors. Methods: Cross-sectional study during a five-year period, including preterm infants born with very low birth weight evaluated at 2 years of corrected age. Metabolic syndrome-like symptoms was defined by the presence of three or more of these criteria: abdominal circumference ≥ 90th percentile, fasting blood glucose ≥ 100 mg/dL, triglycerides ≥ 110 mg/dL, HDL cholesterol ≤ 40 mg/dL, and blood pressure ≥ 90th percentile. Results: A total of 214 preterm infants with birth weight < 1500 g were evaluated. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome-like symptoms at 2 years of corrected age was 15.1%. Arterial hypertension was present in 57.5%, HDL ≤ 40 mg/dL in 29.2%, hypertriglyceridemia in 22.6%, and abdominal circumference above the 90th percentile in 18.8%. Only 3.7% had hyperglycemia. The presence of periventricular leukomalacia was an independent risk factor for arterial hypertension at this age (OR 2.34, 95% CI: 0.079-0.69, p = 0.008). Overweight and obesity at 2 years of corrected age were independently associated with metabolic syndrome-like symptoms (OR 2.75, 95% CI: 1.19-6.36, p = 0.018). Conclusion: Metabolic syndrome-like symptoms can be observed in very low birth weight preterm infants as early as 2 years of corrected age. Overweight and early-onset obesity are significant risk factors for metabolic syndrome-like symptoms, which deserves appropriate intervention for this high-risk population.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência de síndrome metabólica "like" em população de crianças prematuras com muito baixo peso de nascimento (< 1500 gramas) aos dois anos de idade corrigida e identificar a ocorrência de fatores de risco associados. Métodos: Estudo transversal que incluiu prematuros nascidos durante um período de cinco anos com muito baixo peso de nascimento, avaliados aos dois anos de idade corrigida. A síndrome metabólica "like" foi definida pela presença de três ou mais desses critérios: circunferência abdominal ≥ percentil 90, glicemia de jejum ≥ 100 mg/dL, triglicerídeos ≥ 110 mg/dL, colesterol HDL ≤ 40 mg/dL e pressão arterial ≥ percentil 90. Resultados: Foram avaliados 214 prematuros abaixo de 1.500 gramas. A prevalência de síndrome metabólica "like" aos dois anos de idade corrigida foi 15,1%. Hipertensão arterial esteve presente em 57,5%, HDL ≤ 40 mg/dL em 29,2%, hipertrigliceridemia em 22,6% e aumento da circunferência abdominal acima do percentil 90 em 18,8%. Apenas 3,7% apresentaram hiperglicemia. A presença de leucomalácia periventricular foi um fator de risco independente para hipertensão arterial nessa idade (OR 2,34; IC 95% 0,079-0,69; p = 0,008); sobrepeso e obesidade aos dois anos de idade corrigida foram independentemente associados com síndrome metabólica "like" (OR 2,75, IC 95% CI 1,19-6,36; p = 0,018). Conclusão: Síndrome metabólica "like" ocorre em prematuros de muito baixo peso tão precocemente quanto dois anos de idade corrigida. Sobrepeso e obesidade de início precoce são fatores de risco significativos para síndrome metabólica "like", merecem intervenção apropriada para essa população de alto risco.


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pré-Escolar , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Seguimentos
11.
Eur J Pediatr ; 178(7): 1023-1032, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056716

RESUMO

This prospective cohort study aimed to assess the association of admission hypothermia (AH) with death and/or major neonatal morbidities among very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants based on the relative performance of 20 centers of the Brazilian Network of Neonatal Research. This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data using the database registry of the Brazilian Network on Neonatal Research. Center performance was defined by the relative mortality rate using conditional inference trees. A total of 4356 inborn singleton VLBW preterm infants born between January 2013 and December 2016 without malformations were included in this study. The centers were divided into two groups: G1 (with lower mortality rate) and G2 (with higher mortality rate). Crude and adjusted relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were estimated by simple and multiple log-binomial regression models. An AH rate of 53.7% (19.8-93.3%) was significantly associated with early neonatal death in G1 (adjusted RR 1.41, 95% CI 1.09-1.84) and G2 (adjusted RR 1.29, 95%CI 1.01-1.65) and with in-hospital death in G1 (adjusted RR 1.29, 95%CI 1.07-1.58). AH was significantly associated with a lower frequency of necrotizing enterocolitis (adjusted RR 0.58, 95%CI 38-0.88) in G2.Conclusion: AH significantly associated with early neonatal death regardless of the hospital performance. In G2, an unexpected protective association between AH and necrotizing enterocolitis was found, whereas the other morbidities assessed were not significantly associated with AH. What is Known: • Admission hypothermia is associated with early neonatal death. • The association of admission hypothermia with major neonatal morbidities has not been fully established. What is New: • Admission hypothermia was significantly associated with early neonatal and in-hospital death in centers with the lowest relative mortality rates. • Admission hypothermia was not associated with major neonatal morbidities and with in-hospital death but was found to be a protective factor against necrotizing colitis in centers with the highest relative mortality rates.


Assuntos
Hipotermia/mortalidade , Mortalidade Infantil , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Enterocolite Necrosante/mortalidade , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Doenças do Prematuro/mortalidade , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Proteção , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
12.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0217296, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31107919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the differences in preterm infants' stool microbiota considering the use of exclusive own mother's milk and formula in different proportions in the first 28 days of life. METHODS: The study included newborns with GA ≤ 32 weeks divided in 5 group according the feeding regimen: 7 exclusive own mother's milk, 8 exclusive preterm formula, 16 mixed feeding with >70% own mother's milk, 16 mixed feeding with >70% preterm formula, and 15 mixed 50% own mother's milk and preterm formula. Exclusion criteria: congenital infections, congenital malformations and newborns of drug addicted mothers. Stools were collected weekly during the first 28 days. Microbial DNA extraction, 16S rRNA amplification and sequencing were performed. RESULTS: All groups were similar in perinatal and neonatal data. There were significant differences in microbial community among treatments. Approximately 37% of the variation in distance between microbial communities was explained by use of exclusive own mother´s milk only compared to other diets. The diet composed by exclusive own mother´s milk allowed for greater microbial richness (average of 85 OTUs) while diets based on preferably formula, exclusive formula, preferably maternal milk, and mixed of formula and maternal milk presented an average of 9, 29, 23, and 25 OTUs respectively. The mean proportion of the genus Escherichia and Clostridium was always greater in those containing formula than in the those with maternal milk only. CONCLUSIONS: Fecal microbiota in the neonatal period of preterm infants fed with exclusive own mother's milk presented increased richness and differences in microbial composition from those fed with different proportions of formula.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Fórmulas Infantis , Leite Humano , Feminino , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Humanos , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Recém-Nascido , Mães , Gravidez , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
13.
Am J Perinatol ; 36(3): 252-257, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30081405

RESUMO

Phototherapy in neonates for treatment of pathological jaundice is an effective therapeutic tool that is widely used in neonatal units. Over the past years, a greater concern has emerged about the effects on the immune and inflammatory system and its potential genotoxic and side effects, especially the late ones, possibly associated with childhood diseases, showing that this treatment is not as harmless as previously believed. Numerous studies assessing these possible adverse effects of phototherapy on neonates have been published over the past years. Through this review, we seek to analyze what we know about the side effects of phototherapy in the neonatal period. The main causes of jaundice, phototherapy techniques, acute and late side effects, and effects on the immune and inflammatory system were reviewed. It was concluded that phototherapy is not a treatment free of side effects and further studies need to be conducted to elucidate its harmful effects on neonates.


Assuntos
Icterícia Neonatal/terapia , Fototerapia/efeitos adversos , Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/etiologia , Humanos , Sistema Imunitário/efeitos da radiação , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Doenças do Prematuro/etiologia , Doenças do Prematuro/terapia , Fototerapia/instrumentação , Fototerapia/métodos , Pele/efeitos da radiação
14.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 95(3): 291-297, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29705050

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome-like symptoms in a population of preterm infants with very low birth weight (<1500g) at 2 years of corrected age and identify the occurrence of associated risk factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional study during a five-year period, including preterm infants born with very low birth weight evaluated at 2 years of corrected age. Metabolic syndrome-like symptoms was defined by the presence of three or more of these criteria: abdominal circumference≥90th percentile, fasting blood glucose≥100mg/dL, triglycerides≥110mg/dL, HDL cholesterol≤40mg/dL, and blood pressure≥90th percentile. RESULTS: A total of 214 preterm infants with birth weight<1500g were evaluated. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome-like symptoms at 2 years of corrected age was 15.1%. Arterial hypertension was present in 57.5%, HDL≤40mg/dL in 29.2%, hypertriglyceridemia in 22.6%, and abdominal circumference above the 90th percentile in 18.8%. Only 3.7% had hyperglycemia. The presence of periventricular leukomalacia was an independent risk factor for arterial hypertension at this age (OR 2.34, 95% CI: 0.079-0.69, p=0.008). Overweight and obesity at 2 years of corrected age were independently associated with metabolic syndrome-like symptoms (OR 2.75, 95% CI: 1.19-6.36, p=0.018). CONCLUSION: Metabolic syndrome-like symptoms can be observed in very low birth weight preterm infants as early as 2 years of corrected age. Overweight and early-onset obesity are significant risk factors for metabolic syndrome-like symptoms, which deserves appropriate intervention for this high-risk population.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Seguimentos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
15.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 32(16): 2727-2734, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29504433

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the neurodevelopment outcomes after therapeutic hypothermia for neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and identify the neonatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings associated with neurological outcome in a middle-income country. STUDY DESIGN: All infants born after 35 completed weeks' gestation with signs of moderate to severe encephalopathy and evidence of perinatal asphyxia before 6 hours of life were submitted to whole-body hypothermia and were imaged at 18 ± 8.4 days of life (range 7-33 days) after birth. Surviving infants had the neurodevelopment outcome assessed at 12 to 18 months of age by trained professional masked to MRI findings. RESULTS: Forty-eight infants included, MRI scans were obtained from 34 infants; 14 (29.1%) patients died during hospitalization before MRI was performed. Nine (64.3%) of 14 patients were classified as severe encephalopathy presented Posterior Limb Internal Capsule (PLIC) sign at the MRI, 10 (71.4%) thalamus and basal ganglia (TBG) lesion, 9 (64.3%) white matter (WM) lesion, and 7 (50.0%) cortical lesion. Severe encephalopathy was associated with the motor delay at 12-18 months by Bayley III, Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS), and Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) scores (p = .020, p = .048, p = .033, respectively), but not for the cognitive (p = .167) or language skills (p = .309). Lower BSID-III motor, cognitive, and language composite scores were associated with PLIC sign (p = .047; p = .006 and p = .003, respectively). TBG lesion (p = .051) and cortical lesion (p = .030) were associated with lower language composite score. Motor delay by AIMS and the presence of PLIC sign, TBG lesion, WM lesion, and Cortical lesion on MRI were observed (p < .001; p = .002; p = .001 and p = .027, respectively); as well as higher GMFCS score were associated with the presence of PLIC sign, TBG lesion, WM lesion, and Cortical lesion on MRI (p < .001; p = .001; p = .001, and p = .011, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Brain MRI in neonates with HIE after therapeutic hypothermia is a valuable tool for diagnosis of encephalopathy cerebral abnormalities and is an early predictor of outcome in infants treated with whole body hypothermia for HIE in the Brazilian experience.


Assuntos
Hipotermia Induzida/métodos , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Asfixia Neonatal/complicações , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/diagnóstico , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotermia Induzida/mortalidade , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/mortalidade , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Doenças do Recém-Nascido , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
16.
Am J Perinatol ; 36(10): 1072-1078, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30537771

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To verify the prevalence of systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) and to identify possible early predictors of SAH at ages 2 and 4 years in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study including inborn children with birth weight (BW) <1,500 g. Arterial blood pressure measurements were performed at 2 and 4 years. Model 1 compared children with and those without SAH at age 4. Model 2 compared children who had SAH at ages 2 and 4 with the others. SAH was diagnosed if the systolic or/and diastolic pressures were above the 95th percentile. RESULTS: A total of 198 patients were included during the 5-year study period, of whom 56% had SAH at age 4. In model 1, white matter injury (WMI) and catch-up growth at age 2 were predictors of SAH at age 4. In model 2, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, WMI, catch-up growth at age 2, and BW were predictors of SAH at 2 and 4 years. SAH at age 2 was an independent risk factor for SAH at age 4. After a multivariate analysis of model 2, BW and catch-up growth were associated with SAH. CONCLUSION: Prevalence of SAH was high in VLBW infants; it was associated with low BW and catch-up growth at age 2.

17.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 95 Suppl 1: 42-48, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30521768

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There are several factors that influence the postnatal growth of preterm infants. It is crucial to define how to evaluate the growth rate of each preterm child and its individual trajectory, the type of growth curve, either with parameters of prescriptive curves for healthy preterm infants with no morbidities or, in the case of preterm infants and their "bundle of vulnerabilities", growth curves that may represent how they are actually growing, with the aim of directing appropriate nutritional care to each gestational age range. DATA SOURCES: The main studies with growth curves for growth monitoring and the appropriate nutritional adjustments that prioritized the individual trajectory of postnatal growth rate were reviewed. PubMed and Google Scholar were searched. DATA SYNTHESIS: The use of longitudinal neonatal data with different gestational ages and considering high and medium-risk pregnancies will probably be essential to evaluate the optimal growth pattern. CONCLUSIONS: Prioritizing and knowing the individual growth trajectory of each preterm child is an alternative for preterm infants with less than 33 weeks of gestational age. For larger preterm infants born at gestational age >33 weeks, the Intergrowth 21st curves are adequate.


Assuntos
Gráficos de Crescimento , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Feminino , Humanos , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Longitudinais , Gravidez
18.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(supl.1): S42-S48, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002478

RESUMO

Abstract Objectives: There are several factors that influence the postnatal growth of preterm infants. It is crucial to define how to evaluate the growth rate of each preterm child and its individual trajectory, the type of growth curve, either with parameters of prescriptive curves for healthy preterm infants with no morbidities or, in the case of preterm infants and their "bundle of vulnerabilities", growth curves that may represent how they are actually growing, with the aim of directing appropriate nutritional care to each gestational age range. Data sources: The main studies with growth curves for growth monitoring and the appropriate nutritional adjustments that prioritized the individual trajectory of postnatal growth rate were reviewed. PubMed and Google Scholar were searched. Data synthesis: The use of longitudinal neonatal data with different gestational ages and considering high and medium-risk pregnancies will probably be essential to evaluate the optimal growth pattern. Conclusions: Prioritizing and knowing the individual growth trajectory of each preterm child is an alternative for preterm infants with less than 33 weeks of gestational age. For larger preterm infants born at gestational age >33 weeks, the Intergrowth 21st curves are adequate.


Resumo Objetivos: Inúmeros são os fatores que influenciam o crescimento pós-natal de prematuros. É fundamental a definição de como avaliar velocidade de crescimento de cada criança nascida prematura e sua trajetória individual, o tipo de curva de crescimento, seja com parâmetros de curvas prescritivas para prematuros saudáveis e sem morbidades ou no caso de um prematuro e seu "pacote de vulnerabilidades", curvas de crescimento que possam representar como eles realmente crescem, com a finalidade de direcionar o cuidado nutricional apropriado a cada faixa de idade gestacional. Fonte de dados: Foram revisados os principais estudos com curvas de crescimento na monitoração do crescimento e nos ajustes nutricionais apropriados que priorizaram a trajetória individual da velocidade de crescimento pós-natal. Foram consultados PubMed e Google Scholar. Síntese dos dados: O uso de dados neonatais longitudinais com diferentes idades gestacionais e considerando gestações de alto e médio risco provavelmente será fundamental para avaliar o padrão ótimo de crescimento. Conclusões: Priorizar e conhecer a trajetória individual de crescimento de cada criança nascida prematura é opção para prematuros com menos de 33 semanas. Para prematuros maiores, nascidos com idade gestacional acima de 33 semanas, as curvas Intergrowth 21 st são adequadas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Gráficos de Crescimento , Estudos Longitudinais , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente
19.
Cytometry B Clin Cytom ; 94(6): 895-900, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30294859

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Jaundice due to indirect hyperbilirubinemia affects more than 60% of neonates and phototherapy is the treatment for severe types. There are no previous studies evaluating the effect of phototherapy on the function of neonates neutrophils. The aim of this study was to assess and compare the function of neutrophils by measuring the expression of neutrophils main surface markers in icteric neonates before and after phototherapy. METHODS: Neonates at a gestational age ≥35 weeks and birth weight ≥2,000 g who met the American Academy of Pediatrics criteria for phototherapy were included. Flow cytometry evaluation of the mean fluorescence intensities of CD10, CD11b, CD11c, CD15, CD16, CD18, CD62L, CD64, and CD66acde was performed before and 24 h after the initiation of phototherapy. RESULTS: Twenty-five neonates at a mean age of 53 h of life were included in the study with a mean bilirubin level of 13.60 ± 2.85 mg/dL. There was no statistical difference in the expression of CD11b, CD15, CD18, CD62L, and CD64 or in the percentage of neutrophils before and after 24 h of phototherapy. There was an increase in the expression of CD10 and CD16 and a decrease in the expression of CD11c and CD66acde after 24 h of phototherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Newborns submitted to phototherapy had an increase in the expression of CD10 and CD16 and a decreased in the expression of CD11c and CD66acde after 24 h of treatment, which may be related to an anti-inflammatory effect of phototherapy. © 2018 International Clinical Cytometry Society.


Assuntos
Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Fototerapia , Biomarcadores/análise , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Neutrófilos/química , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
BMC Pediatr ; 18(1): 268, 2018 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30092772

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are high risk for delayed neurodevelopment. The main goal is to develop a program of early intervention for very preterm infants that allows families to apply it continuously at home, and quantify the results of early parental stimulation on improvement of cognition and motor skills. METHODS: Randomized clinical Trial including inborn preterm infants with gestational age less than 32 weeks or birth weight less than 1500 g at 48 h after birth. Eligible for begin the intervention up to 7 days after birth. Study Protocol approved by the Brazilian national Committee of ethics in Research and by the institutional ethics committee. Intervention group (IG): skin-to skin care by mother (kangaroo care) plus tactile-kinesthetic stimulation by mothers from randomization until hospital discharge when they receive a program of early intervention with 10 parents' orientation and a total of 10 home visits independently of the standard evaluation and care that will be performed. Systematic early intervention program will be according to developmental milestones, anticipating in a month evolutionary step acquisition of motor and / or cognitive expected for corrected age. Active comparator with a Conventional Group (CG): standard care according to the routine care of the NICU and their needs in the follow up program. Neurodevelopment outcome with blinded evaluations in both groups between 12 and 18 months by Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development third edition and Alberta Motor Infant scale will be performed. All evaluations will be conducted in the presence of parents or caregivers in a safe room for the child move around during the evaluation. DISCUSSION: If we can show that a continuous and global early intervention at home performed by low income families is better than the standard care for very preterm infants, this kind of program may be applied elsewhere in the world. We received grants by Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, DECIT, Cnpq and Health Ministry. Grand Challenges Brazil: All Children Thriving. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was restrospectively registered in ClinicalTrials.gov . in July 15 2016 ( NCT02835612 ).


Assuntos
Intervenção Educacional Precoce/métodos , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Pais , Assistência Domiciliar , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Relações Pais-Filho , Projetos de Pesquisa
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