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1.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(1)2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919069

RESUMO

A 16-year-old previously well girl presented with bilateral painful lower leg swelling and non-pruritic blanching rash across her torso and upper and lower limbs. These symptoms started after commencing amoxicillin for presumed tonsillitis. She was diagnosed with serum sickness-like illness and started on non-steroidal agents. The rash and painful leg swelling improved over the next 48 hours. However, she subsequently developed fevers, cough and new-onset haemoptysis.She continued to deteriorate with increasing amounts of haemoptysis, work of breathing and escalating respiratory support requirements. Serial chest radiographs showed worsening lung consolidation and enlarging pleural effusion. A CT chest revealed extensive bilateral lung consolidation, most likely pulmonary haemorrhage. Subsequent investigations showed positive classic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, confirming the diagnosis of granulomatosis with polyangiitis.

2.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(1): 90-98, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236574

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: LN is one of the most common and severe manifestations of SLE. Our aim was to test the association of SLE risk loci with LN risk in childhood-onset SLE (cSLE) and adult-onset SLE (aSLE). METHODS: Two Toronto-based tertiary care SLE cohorts included cSLE (diagnosed <18 years) and aSLE patients (diagnosed ⩾18 years). Patients met ACR and/or SLICC SLE criteria and were genotyped on the Illumina Multi-Ethnic Global Array or Omni1-Quad arrays. We identified those with and without biopsy-confirmed LN. HLA and non-HLA additive SLE risk-weighted genetic risk scores (GRSs) were tested for association with LN risk in logistic models, stratified by cSLE/aSLE and ancestry. Stratified effect estimates were meta-analysed. RESULTS: Of 1237 participants, 572 had cSLE (41% with LN) and 665 had aSLE (30% with LN). Increasing non-HLA GRS was significantly associated with increased LN risk [odds ratio (OR) = 1.26; 95% CI 1.09, 1.46; P = 0.0006], as was increasing HLA GRS in Europeans (OR = 1.55; 95% CI 1.07, 2.25; P = 0.03). There was a trend for stronger associations between both GRSs and LN risk in Europeans with cSLE compared with aSLE. When restricting cases to proliferative LN, the magnitude of these associations increased for both the non-HLA (OR = 1.30; 95% CI 1.10, 1.52; P = 0.002) and HLA GRS (OR = 1.99; 95% CI 1.29, 3.08; P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: We observed an association between known SLE risk loci and LN risk in children and adults with SLE, with the strongest effect observed among Europeans with cSLE. Future studies will include SLE-risk single nucleotide polymorphisms specific to non-European ancestral groups and validate findings in an independent cohort.

3.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 223, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a common symptom of systemic autoimmune rheumatic disease (SARD). Patients with SARD have a protracted pre-clinical phase during which progressive immunologic derangements occur culminating in disease. In this study, we sought to determine when fatigue develops and whether its presence correlates with inflammatory factors or predicts disease progression. METHODS: Anti-nuclear antibody (ANA)-negative healthy controls (HCs) and ANA-positive participants with no criteria, at least one clinical criteria (undifferentiated connective tissue disease, UCTD), or meeting SARD classification criteria were recruited. Fatigue was assessed using a modified version of the FACIT-F questionnaire and the presence of fibromyalgia determined using a questionnaire based on the modified 2010 ACR criteria. Peripheral blood expression of five IFN-induced genes was quantified by NanoString and the levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, or TNF-α by ELISA. RESULTS: Fatigue was as prevalent and severe in individuals lacking SARD criteria as it was in UCTD and SARD. Overall, ~ 1/3 of ANA+ subjects met fibromyalgia criteria, with no differences between sub-groups. Although fatigue was more severe in these individuals, those lacking fibromyalgia remained significantly more fatigued than ANA- HC. However, even in these subjects, fatigue correlated with the widespread pain index and symptom severity scores on the fibromyalgia questionnaire. Fatigue was not associated with elevated cytokine levels in any of the ANA+ sub-groups and did not predict imminent disease progression. CONCLUSIONS: Fatigue is common in ANA+ individuals lacking sufficient criteria for a SARD diagnosis, correlates with fibromyalgia-related symptoms, and is not associated with inflammation or predictive of disease progression.

4.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626881

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous eruptions in neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) are thought to be self-resolving. Limited literature suggests cutaneous changes may persist. OBJECTIVE: To characterize cutaneous residua in NLE, and identify predictors for their development. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients with cutaneous NLE born between January 1980 and May 2017 was performed. Primary outcome was the proportion of patients with cutaneous residua. Secondary outcomes included associations/predictors of sequelae. RESULTS: At last follow up, at a mean age of 4 (range, 0.5-18.7) years, 34% of 106 patients had cutaneous sequelae;13% had telangiectasia, 17% had dyspigmentation, and 9% had atrophic scarring. Scarring at last follow-up was significantly associated with presence of skin lesions at birth (p<0.001). LIMITATIONS: This study was limited by retrospective design, short follow-up duration in a subset of patients, and small sample size. CONCLUSIONS: Cutaneous NLE can exhibit long-term cutaneous residua. These findings underlie the importance of accurate diagnosis, long-term monitoring and appropriate counseling.

5.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is a paucity of large trials investigating the effect of management strategies for paediatric non-infectious uveitis on complications requiring surgery. The purpose of our study is to investigate whether earlier initiation of systemic immunosuppression in paediatric non-infectious uveitis is associated with fewer ophthalmic surgeries. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on 48 children with non-infectious uveitis assessed in 1998-2013. Patients were divided into uveitis diagnosed before December 2008 (group 1) and after January 2009 (group 2). Duration from uveitis onset to methotrexate initiation (U-MTX) and biological addition (U-Biologic) were reviewed. Follow-up visits with topical corticosteroids >3 times daily and active uveitis (≥1+ cells) during 3.5 years were documented. The main outcome measure was the need for ≥1 ophthalmic surgery at 3.5 years. RESULTS: In group 1, 69.5% of patients required ≥1 ophthalmic surgery at 3.5 years versus 26.9% in group 2 (p=0.005). U-MTX was 28.9±11.8 weeks and 14.2±10.0 weeks for groups 1 and 2 (p=0.028). U-Biologic was 134.6±46.0 weeks and 82.3±43.3 weeks for groups 1 and 2 (p=0.0016). Corticosteroid use >3 times daily was 85.9±52.7 weeks and 14.6±11.1 weeks for groups 1 and 2. Multivariate regression showed methotrexate initiation within 6 months of uveitis onset lowered the likelihood of needing ophthalmic surgery at 3.5 years (OR=6.2, 95% CI 1.2 to 33.4; p=0.033). Univariate regression demonstrated biological addition within 18 months of uveitis onset reduced the likelihood of requiring ophthalmic surgery (OR 12.57, 95% CI 1.28 to 123.48; p=0.030). CONCLUSION: Earlier control of uveitis by addition of immunosuppressive therapy reduced the need for ophthalmic surgery.

6.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154408

RESUMO

The 73rd Annual Meeting of The Canadian Rheumatology Association was held at the Fairmont The Queen Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada February 27 - March 2, 2019. The program consisted of presentations covering original research, symposia, awards, and lectures. Highlights of the meeting include the following 2019 Award Winners: Distinguished Rheumatologist, Edward Keystone; Distinguished Investigator, Diane Lacaille; Teacher-Educator, Shirley Tse; Emerging Investigator, Glen Hazlewood; Best Abstract on SLE Research by a Trainee - Ian Watson Award, Alexandra Legge; Best Abstract on Clinical or Epidemiology Research by a Trainee - Phil Rosen Award, Lauren King; Best Abstract on Basic Science Research by a Trainee, Remy Pollock; Best Abstract for Research by an Undergraduate Student, Andrea Carboni-Jimènez; Best Abstract on Research by a Rheumatology Resident, May Choi; Best Abstract by a Medical Student, Leonardo Calderon; Best Abstract by a Post-Graduate Research Trainee, Carolina Munoz-Grajales; Best Abstract by a Rheumatology Post-Graduate Research Trainee, Andre Luquini; Best Abstract on Quality Care Initiatives in Rheumatology, Cheryl Barnabe and Ines Colmegna; Best Abstract on Research by Young Faculty, Bindee Kuriya; Practice Reflection Award, Gold, Jason Kur; Practice Reflection Award, Silver, May Choi. Lectures and other events included Keynote Lecture by Andre Picard: Quirky Past, Uncertain Future: The State of Medicare in Canada; Keynote Address by Diane Lacaille, Distinguished Investigator Awardee: Time to Re-Label Comorbidities in RA - Coexisting or Complications; State of the Art Lecture by Mark Roberts: Myositis and its Mimics; Dunlop-Dottridge Lecture by Gilles Boire: The 4-H of Biomarkers in Arthritis: A lot of Help, Potential Harm, Some Hype, Increasing Hope; and the Great Debate: Be it Resolved that Competency-based Medical Education will Result in Improved Quality of Care for Patients vs the "Old Way" of Training Rheumatologists. Arguing for: Mercedes Chan and Marie-Paule Morin, and against: Beth Hazel and Heather McDonald-Blumer. Topics including rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, Sjögren syndrome, psoriatic arthritis, spondyloarthritis, vasculitis, osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, and their respective diagnoses, treatments, and outcomes are reflected in the abstracts, which we are pleased to publish in this issue of The Journal.

7.
Cornea ; 38(5): 581-586, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30933962

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the symptoms and signs of dry eye disease (DED) in children with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with those in healthy children using common diagnostic tools. METHODS: Prospective, observational, single-center cohort study. Thirty-four subjects with SLE and 15 healthy subjects were recruited from the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Canada. Subjects underwent subjective and objective dry eye assessments using the Canadian Dry Eye Assessment (CDEA) questionnaire, tear film osmolarity, slit lamp examination, tear film break-up time, corneal fluorescein staining, Schirmer test 1, and conjunctival lissamine green staining. RESULTS: No difference in symptoms was found between children with SLE and healthy children (CDEA score 6.4 ± 5.4 vs. 3.8 ± 3.2; P = 0.09). Corneal staining was more prevalent in children with SLE than in healthy children (58.8% vs. 20.0%; P = 0.01), and children with SLE had higher mean corneal fluorescein staining scores (1.7 ± 1.7 vs. 0.2 ± 0.4; P = 0.002). No statistically significant differences in tear osmolarity, inter-eye differences in tear osmolarity, tear film break-up time, Schirmer test 1, or lissamine green staining scores were observed between the 2 groups. In healthy children, CDEA scores weakly correlated with corneal fluorescein staining score (r = 0.53, P = 0.04). In children with SLE, no correlation between CDEA score and any of the diagnostic test outcomes was found. CONCLUSIONS: There is discordance between symptoms and signs of DED in children with SLE. Corneal fluorescein staining is essential for the diagnosis of DED in these children.


Assuntos
Síndromes do Olho Seco/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Adolescente , Canadá , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Córnea/metabolismo , Feminino , Fluoresceína/metabolismo , Fluorofotometria , Humanos , Masculino , Concentração Osmolar , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Microscopia com Lâmpada de Fenda , Lágrimas/química , Lágrimas/fisiologia
8.
J Rheumatol ; 46(7): 731-738, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30770510

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Currently there are 2 different classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC). The aim of this study was to compare the sensitivities of ACR and SLICC criteria in childhood-onset SLE (cSLE) using a large, multiethnic cohort. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 722 patients diagnosed with cSLE at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids). Prospectively collected data from SickKids' Lupus Database were reviewed/validated against medical records prior to ACR and SLICC scoring based on cumulative symptoms up to the last visit. Sensitivities were compared using McNemar's test. Descriptive statistics were used to identify SLE features unique to each set of criteria and autoantibodies not included in either. RESULTS: ACR and SLICC sensitivities were as follows: 92.4% and 96.3% overall (p = 0.001); 82.5% and 91.3% (p = 0.01) in those scored ≤ 1 year from diagnosis; 92.7% and 97.9% (p = 0.02) in those scored 2-3 years from diagnosis. Forty-eight of 55 (87.3%) patients who did not meet ACR criteria met SLICC criteria through SLICC-specific criterion or renal biopsy. Twenty of 27 (74.1%) patients who did not meet SLICC criteria met ACR criteria as a result of photosensitivity (73.9%) and ACR lymphopenia criteria (26.1%). Six of 7 patients (85.7%) who were clinically diagnosed with cSLE but did not meet either SLICC or ACR criteria had anti-Ro antibodies. CONCLUSION: SLICC criteria were significantly more sensitive than ACR criteria in cSLE classification, especially early in the disease course. Because of the extreme rarity of primary Sjögren syndrome in children, one may consider adding anti-Ro antibodies to the classification criteria for cSLE because they are present in ∼40% of patents with cSLE.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30805629

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Childhood-onset SLE (cSLE) manifests differently than adult-onset SLE (aSLE). This study determined whether ethnic differences contribute to the differences in clinical presentation between the two groups. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from a multi-centred registry from eight adult and four paediatric Canadian centres gathered at study entry. We compared the frequency of clinical manifestations and autoantibodies between aSLE and cSLE. For those with a significant difference, a multivariable logistic regression was performed, adjusting for ethnicity, SLE onset (cSLE vs aSLE), disease duration and centre. Disease activity and damage between aSLE and cSLE were compared after stratifying by disease duration. RESULTS: Of 552 aSLE subjects, 502 (90.9%) were female and 381 (69.0%) were Caucasian. Mean age at diagnosis was 37.0 ± 13.6 years and disease duration 10.9 ± 9.6 years. Of 276 cSLE subjects, 231 (83.7%) were female and 101 (36.6%) were Caucasian. Mean age at diagnosis was 12.7 ± 3.3 years and disease duration 5.6 ± 8.2 years. In multivariable regression analysis, aSLE was associated with decreased odds of having a neurologic disorder (odds ratio = 0.49) and increased odds of having aCL antibodies (odds ratio = 1.85). Disease activity and damage accrual scores were higher in aSLE than cSLE within the same disease duration strata, although the differences were not clinically significant. Ethnicity was not associated with any differences in clinical manifestations or autoantibody frequency between aSLE and cSLE. CONCLUSIONS: Although a crude comparison of aSLE and cSLE yielded several differences in clinical symptoms and autoantibodies, this difference was not attributable to ethnic differences between aSLE and cSLE.

10.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(3): 411-419, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30225865

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: End points currently used in lupus nephritis (LN) clinical trials lack uniformity and questionably reflect long-term kidney survival. This study was undertaken to identify short-term end points that predict long-term kidney outcomes for use in clinical trials. METHODS: A database of 944 patients with LN was assembled from 3 clinical trials and 12 longitudinal cohorts. Variables from the first 12 months of treatment after diagnosis of active LN (prediction period) were assessed as potential predictors of long-term outcomes in a 36-month follow-up period. The long-term outcomes examined were new or progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD), severe kidney injury (SKI), and the need for permanent renal replacement therapy (RRT). To predict the risk for each outcome, hazard index tools (HITs) were derived using multivariable analysis with Cox proportional hazards regression. RESULTS: Among 550 eligible subjects, 54 CKD, 55 SKI, and 22 RRT events occurred. Variables in the final CKD HIT were prediction-period CKD status, 12-month proteinuria, and 12-month serum creatinine level. The SKI HIT variables included prediction-period CKD status, International Society of Nephrology (ISN)/Renal Pathology Society (RPS) class, 12-month proteinuria, 12-month serum creatinine level, race, and an interaction between ISN/RPS class and 12-month proteinuria. The RRT HIT included age at diagnosis, 12-month proteinuria, and 12-month serum creatinine level. Each HIT validated well internally (c-indices 0.84-0.92) and in an independent LN cohort (c-indices 0.89-0.92). CONCLUSION: HITs, derived from short-term kidney responses to treatment, correlate with long-term kidney outcomes, and now must be validated as surrogate end points for LN clinical trials.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Nefrite Lúpica/mortalidade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Terapia de Substituição Renal/mortalidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Lesão Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Creatinina/sangue , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Nefrite Lúpica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Proteinúria/urina , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
11.
J Rheumatol ; 46(2): 166-175, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30219771

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Persistent systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) disease activity is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In a multicenter cohort of patients with prevalent SLE, we described persistence, patterns, and predictors of change in disease activity over time. METHODS: Based on SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI)-2K scores at cohort entry, patients were classified into 4 groups: low (score < 4; LOW), moderate (4 to < 6; MOD), moderately high (6 to ≤ 10; MHIGH), and very high (> 10; VHIGH). Multivariable linear and longitudinal mixed linear regression models were used to identify predictors of change over time in SLEDAI-2K. RESULTS: There were 2019 participants, with declining followup data over 5 years (1326, 580, 274, 186, and 148 patients, respectively). At cohort entry, mean (± SD) age was 42 (± 17) years, disease duration 11 (± 10) years, and 90% were female. The 4 groups included 44% LOW (n = 891), 20% MOD (n = 400), 22% MHIGH (n = 442), and 14% VHIGH (n = 286); therefore, 36% had clinically important SLE activity. The proportion of patients in the LOW group at entry who moved to a higher activity level varied from 30% (167/557) at 1 year, to 49% (41/83) at 3 years, and 54% (30/56) at 5 years. Among 181 patients with MOD to VHIGH entry activity and 3 years of followup, 116 (64.1%) remained active. In all analyses, only higher SLEDAI-2K at cohort entry remained a significant predictor of higher SLEDAI-2K in subsequent years. CONCLUSION: Higher SLEDAI-2K at study entry was the single major independent predictor of higher SLEDAI-2K over time, reflecting frequent persistence of active disease, even in patients with longstanding disease. This highlights gaps in the optimal treatment of SLE.

12.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 264, 2018 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30486869

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (SARD) relies on the presence of hallmark anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), many of which can be detected years before clinical manifestations. However, ANAs are also seen in healthy individuals, most of whom will not develop SARD. Here, we examined a unique cohort of asymptomatic ANA+ individuals to determine whether they share any of the cellular immunologic features seen in SARD. METHODS: Healthy ANA- controls and ANA+ (ANA ≥1:160 by immunofluorescence) participants with no SARD criteria, with at least one criterion (undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD)), or meeting SARD classification criteria were recruited. Peripheral blood cellular immunological changes were assessed by flow cytometry and transcript levels of BAFF, interferon (IFN)-induced and plasma cell-expressed genes were quantified by NanoString. RESULTS: A number of the immunologic abnormalities seen in SARD, including changes in peripheral B (switched memory) and T (iNKT, T regulatory, activated memory T follicular helper) subsets and B cell activation, were also seen in asymptomatic ANA+ subjects and those with UCTD. The extent of these immunologic changes correlated with ANA titer or the number of different specific ANAs produced. Principal component analysis of the cellular data indicated that a significant proportion of asymptomatic ANA+ subjects and subjects with UCTD clustered  with patients with early SARD, rather than ANA- healthy controls. CONCLUSIONS: ANA production is associated with altered T and B cell activation even in asymptomatic individuals. Some of the currently accepted cellular features of SARD may be associated with ANA production rather than the immunologic events that cause symptoms in SARD.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antinucleares/imunologia , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Doenças Reumáticas/imunologia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Antinucleares/análise , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Doenças Autoimunes/metabolismo , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Plasmócitos/imunologia , Plasmócitos/metabolismo , Doenças Reumáticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/metabolismo
13.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(12): 1742-1749, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30297329

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cutaneous neonatal lupus (cNL) occurs in possibly 5%-16% of anti-Ro±anti-La antibody-exposed infants. Data suggest in utero exposure to hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) may prevent cardiac NL. The aim was to assess whether in utero exposure to HCQ decreases the risk of cNL and/or delays onset. METHODS: A multicentre case-control study was performed with 122 cNL cases and 434 controls born to women with a rheumatological disease who had documentation of maternal anti-Ro±anti-La antibodies at pregnancy and confirmation of medication use and the child's outcome. A secondary analysis was performed on 262 cNL cases, irrespective of maternal diagnosis, to determine if HCQ delayed time to cNL onset. RESULTS: Twenty (16%) cNL cases were exposed to HCQ compared with 146 (34%) controls (OR 0.4 (95% CI 0.2 to 0.6); p<0.01). Exposure to HCQ was associated with a reduced risk of cNL; exposure to anti-La antibody and female gender were associated with an increased risk of cNL. Exposure to HCQ remained significantly associated with a reduced cNL risk in the analyses limited to mothers with systemic lupus erythematosus and those who developed rash ≤1 month. When analysing all 262 cNL cases, HCQ-exposed infants were older (6.0 (95% CI 5.7 to 6.3) weeks) at cNL onset versus HCQ-non-exposed infants (4.4 (95% CI 3.9 to 5.0) weeks), but the difference was not statistically significant (p=0.21). CONCLUSION: Exposure to HCQ was associated with a reduced risk of cNL. Among cNL cases, those exposed to HCQ tend to have later onset of rash. Both findings suggest a protective effect of HCQ on cNL.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/congênito , Complicações na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Lúpus Eritematoso Cutâneo/etiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/etiologia , Masculino , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico
14.
J Rheumatol ; 45(10): 1426-1439, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30173152

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop recommendations for the assessment of people with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Canada. METHODS: Recommendations were developed using the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) approach. The Canadian SLE Working Group (panel of Canadian rheumatologists and a patient representative from Canadian Arthritis Patient Alliance) was created. Questions for recommendation development were identified based on the results of a previous survey of SLE practice patterns of members of the Canadian Rheumatology Association. Systematic literature reviews of randomized trials and observational studies were conducted. Evidence to Decision tables were prepared and presented to the panel at 2 face-to-face meetings and online. RESULTS: There are 15 recommendations for assessing and monitoring SLE, with varying applicability to adult and pediatric patients. Three recommendations focus on diagnosis, disease activity, and damage assessment, suggesting the use of a validated disease activity score per visit and annual damage score. Strong recommendations were made for cardiovascular risk assessment and measuring anti-Ro and anti-La antibodies in the peripartum period and conditional recommendations for osteoporosis and osteonecrosis. Two conditional recommendations were made for peripartum assessments, 1 for cervical cancer screening and 2 for hepatitis B and C screening. A strong recommendation was made for annual influenza vaccination. CONCLUSION: These are considered the first guidelines using the GRADE method for the monitoring of SLE. Existing evidence is largely of low to moderate quality, resulting in more conditional than strong recommendations. Additional rigorous studies and special attention to pediatric SLE populations and patient preferences are needed.


Assuntos
Diretrizes para o Planejamento em Saúde , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/terapia , Programas de Rastreamento , Adulto , Canadá , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Criança , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Hepatite C/diagnóstico , Hepatite C/etiologia , Humanos , /etiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Masculino , Osteonecrose/diagnóstico , Osteonecrose/etiologia , Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Osteoporose/etiologia , Período Periparto/sangue , Gravidez , Reumatologistas , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/etiologia , Vacinação
15.
Mol Med ; 24(1): 24, 2018 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30134810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with genetic, hormonal, and environmental influences. In Western Europe and North America, individuals of West African descent have a 3-4 fold greater incidence of SLE than Caucasians. Paradoxically, West Africans in sub-Saharan Africa appear to have a low incidence of SLE, and some studies suggest a milder disease with less nephritis. In this study, we analyzed sera from African American female SLE patients and four other cohorts, one with SLE and others with varying degrees of risk for SLE in order to identify serologic factors that might correlate with risk of or protection against SLE. METHODS: Our cohorts included West African women with previous malaria infection assumed to be protected from development of SLE, clinically unaffected sisters of SLE patients with high risk of developing SLE, healthy African American women with intermediate risk, healthy Caucasian women with low risk of developing SLE, and women with a diagnosis of SLE. We developed a lupus risk index (LRI) based on titers of IgM and IgG anti-double stranded DNA antibodies and levels of C1q. RESULTS: The risk index was highest in SLE patients; second highest in unaffected sisters of SLE patients; third highest in healthy African-American women and lowest in healthy Caucasian women and malaria-exposed West African women. CONCLUSION: This risk index may be useful in early interventions to prevent SLE. In addition, it suggests new therapeutic approaches for the treatment of SLE.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Idoso , Anticorpos Antinucleares/sangue , Complemento C1q/análise , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/etnologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Malária/sangue , Malária/etnologia , Malária/genética , Malária/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
16.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 16(1): 17, 2018 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29540190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anti-TNF (Tumor necrosis factor) therapy is effective in treating pediatric patients with refractory rheumatic disease. There is however a concern that anti-TNF usage may increase the risk of malignancy. Reports on specific types of malignancy in this patient population have been emerging over the past decade, but there is a need for additional malignancy reports, as these events are rare. Therefore, a retrospective chart review was performed on the biologic database of pediatric rheumatology patients at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) from 1997 to 2013 for neoplasms, patient demographic information and rheumatologic treatment course. FINDINGS: 6/357 (1.68%) rheumatology patients treated with anti-TNF therapy between 1997 and 2013 developed neoplasms. One patient had two malignancies. One patient had a benign neoplasm. Cases were exposed to etanercept, infliximab or both. Neoplasms developed late after anti-TNF exposure (median 5.0 years) and infliximab treatment was associated with a shorter time to malignancy. The neoplasms identified were as follows: 2 renal clear cell carcinoma, 1 pilomatricoma, 1 nasopharyngeal carcinoma, 1 Ewing's sarcoma, 1 hepatic T-cell lymphoma, 1 lymphoproliferative disease. CONCLUSIONS: The malignancy rate at our centre is low, however more than half of the neoplasms identified were rare and unusual in the pediatric population. The 5-year malignancy-free probability for patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) treated with biologic therapy was 97% from our database. Long-term screening for rare neoplasms is important as part of the safety monitoring for any pediatric rheumatology patient receiving anti-TNF therapy.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adolescente , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
17.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 70(4): 616-624, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29342508

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the features and treatment of macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) in a single-center cohort of patients with childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to compare childhood-onset SLE manifestations and outcomes between those with and those without MAS. METHODS: We included all patients with childhood-onset SLE followed up at The Hospital for Sick Children from 2002 to 2012, and identified those also diagnosed as having MAS. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory features of MAS and SLE, medication use, hospital and pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admissions, as well as damage indices and mortality data were extracted from the Lupus database. Student's t-tests and Fisher's exact tests were used to compare continuous and categorical variables, respectively. We calculated incidence rate ratios of hospital and PICU admissions comparing patients with and those without MAS, using Poisson models. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to examine the time to disease damage accrual. RESULTS: Of the 403 patients with childhood-onset SLE, 38 (9%) had MAS. The majority (68%) had concomitant MAS and SLE diagnoses. Fever was the most common MAS clinical feature. The frequency of renal and central nervous system disease, hospital admissions, the average daily dose of steroids, and time to disease damage were similar between those with and those without MAS. We observed a higher mortality rate among those with MAS (5%) than those without MAS (0.2%) (P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: MAS was most likely to develop concomitantly with childhood-onset SLE diagnosis. The majority of the MAS patients were successfully treated with corticosteroids with no MAS relapses. Although the numbers were small, there was a higher risk of death associated with MAS compared to SLE without MAS.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Síndrome de Ativação Macrofágica/mortalidade , Adolescente , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Idade de Início , Criança , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Síndrome de Ativação Macrofágica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Ativação Macrofágica/imunologia , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(1): 21-29, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28507219

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This report aims to determine the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK) and efficacy of subcutaneous golimumab in active polyarticular-course juvenile idiopathic arthritis (polyJIA). METHODS: In this three-part randomised double-blinded placebo-controlled withdrawal trial, all patients received open-label golimumab (30 mg/m2 of body surface area; maximum: 50 mg/dose) every 4 weeks together with weekly methotrexate during Part 1 (weeks 0-16). Patients with at least 30% improvement per American College of Rheumatology Criteria for JIA (JIA ACR30) in Part 1 entered the double-blinded Part 2 (weeks 16-48) after 1:1 randomisation to continue golimumab or start placebo. In Part 3, golimumab was continued or could be restarted as in Part 1. The primary outcome was JIA flares in Part 2; secondary outcomes included JIA ACR50/70/90 responses, clinical remission, PK and safety. RESULTS: Among 173 patients with polyJIA enrolled, 89.0% (154/173) had a JIA ACR30 response and 79.2%/65.9%/36.4% demonstrated JIA ACR50/70/90 responses in Part 1. At week 48, the primary endpoint was not met as treatment groups had comparable JIA flare rates (golimumab vs placebo: 32/78=41% vs 36/76=47%; p=0.41), and rates of clinical remission were comparable (golimumab vs placebo: 10/78=12.8% vs 9/76=11.8%). Adverse event and serious adverse event rates were similar in the treatment groups during Part 2. Injection site reactions occurred with <1% of all injections. PK analysis confirmed adequate golimumab dosing for polyJIA. CONCLUSION: Although the primary endpoint was not met, golimumab resulted in rapid, clinically meaningful, improvement in children with active polyJIA. Golimumab was well tolerated, and no unexpected safety events occurred. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01230827; Results.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite/tratamento farmacológico , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Artrite/patologia , Artrite Juvenil/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Masculino , Indução de Remissão , Exacerbação dos Sintomas , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Genet Med ; 20(4): 435-443, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28771251

RESUMO

PurposeGenetic testing is an integral diagnostic component of pediatric medicine. Standard of care is often a time-consuming stepwise approach involving chromosomal microarray analysis and targeted gene sequencing panels, which can be costly and inconclusive. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) provides a comprehensive testing platform that has the potential to streamline genetic assessments, but there are limited comparative data to guide its clinical use.MethodsWe prospectively recruited 103 patients from pediatric non-genetic subspecialty clinics, each with a clinical phenotype suggestive of an underlying genetic disorder, and compared the diagnostic yield and coverage of WGS with those of conventional genetic testing.ResultsWGS identified diagnostic variants in 41% of individuals, representing a significant increase over conventional testing results (24%; P = 0.01). Genes clinically sequenced in the cohort (n = 1,226) were well covered by WGS, with a median exonic coverage of 40 × ±8 × (mean ±SD). All the molecular diagnoses made by conventional methods were captured by WGS. The 18 new diagnoses made with WGS included structural and non-exonic sequence variants not detectable with whole-exome sequencing, and confirmed recent disease associations with the genes PIGG, RNU4ATAC, TRIO, and UNC13A.ConclusionWGS as a primary clinical test provided a higher diagnostic yield than conventional genetic testing in a clinically heterogeneous cohort.


Assuntos
Estudos de Associação Genética , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/diagnóstico , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Testes Genéticos , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Exoma , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Estudos de Associação Genética/normas , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Testes Genéticos/normas , Variação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Fenótipo , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Análise de Sequência de DNA/normas , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma/métodos , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma/normas , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma/métodos , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma/normas
20.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 70(5): 750-757, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28704581

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: No previous study has studied the longitudinal disease course of childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE). Our objectives are to assess distinguishable differences in disease activity trajectories in cSLE patients, determine baseline factors predictive of disease trajectory membership, and assess if the different disease activity trajectories are associated with different damage trajectories. METHODS: This is a retrospective, longitudinal inception cohort of cSLE patients. Patients were followed from diagnosis as children, until they were adults. SLE disease activity was modeled as a latent characteristic, jointly using the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000 and prednisone in a Bayesian growth mixture model. Baseline factors were tested for membership prediction of the latent classes of disease trajectories. Differences in damage trajectories by disease activity classes were tested using a mixed model. RESULTS: A total of 473 patients (82% females), with median age at diagnosis of 14.1 years, were studied. We studied 11,992 visits (2,666 patient-years). We identified 5 classes of disease activity trajectories. Baseline major organ involvement, number of American College of Rheumatology criteria, and age at diagnosis predicted memberships into different classes. A higher proportion of Asians was in class 2 compared to class 5. Class 1 was associated with the most accrual of damage, while class 5 was associated with no significant damage accrual, even after 10 years. CONCLUSION: There are 5 distinct latent classes of disease trajectory in patients with cSLE. Membership within disease trajectories is predicted by baseline clinical and demographic factors. Membership in different disease activity trajectory classes is associated with different damage trajectories.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/classificação , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Masculino , Modelos Estatísticos , Ontário/epidemiologia
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