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1.
Pan Afr Med J ; 32: 5, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31068998

RESUMO

Introduction: Haematological reference values are very important for diagnostic orientation and treatment decision. The aim of this study was to establish haematological reference values for Malian healthy adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study including 161 male Malians aged between 19 and 54 years old was performed. Median and reference ranges were calculated for haematological and biochemical parameters. Parametric student's t-test was used to determine any statistically significant differences by age, smoker status, body mass index (BMI) and occupation. Ranges were further compared with those reported for other African, Afro-American and Caucasian populations. Results: Increased levels of MCV, MCH, PLT and EOS were found in younger Malians who had abnormal BMI and altered platelets parameters. Notably, significantly lower eosinophil and monocyte counts were observed in Malians compared to Europeans The smoking status did not seem to directly affect RIs. Conclusion: This is the first study to determine normal laboratory parameters in Malian adult males. Our results underscore the necessity of establishing region-specific clinical reference ranges that would allow clinicians and practitioners to manage laboratory tests, diagnosis and therapies. These data are useful not only for the management of patients in Mali, but also to support European and American clinicians in the health management of asylum seekers and migrants from Mali.


Assuntos
Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/normas , Análise Química do Sangue , Plaquetas/fisiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Mali , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ocupações/estatística & dados numéricos , Valores de Referência , Fumar/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
2.
BMC Infect Dis ; 15: 287, 2015 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26209519

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus infection (HBV) is widespread and it is considered a major health problem worldwide. The global distribution of HBV varies significantly between countries and between regions of the world. Among the many factors contributing to the changing epidemiology of viral hepatitis, the movement of people within and between countries is a potentially important one. In Italy, the number of migrant individuals has been increasing during the past 25 years. HBV genotype D has been found throughout the world, although its highest prevalence is in the Mediterranean area, the Middle East and southern Asia. We describe the molecular epidemiology of HBV in a chronically infected population of migrants (living in Italy), by using the phylogenetic analysis. METHODS: HBV-DNA was amplified and sequenced from 43 HBV chronically infected patients. Phylogenetic and evolutionary analysis were performed using both maximum Likelihood and Bayesian methods. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Of the 43 HBV S gene isolates from migrants, 25 (58.1 %) were classified as D genotype. Maximum Likelihood analysis showed an intermixing between Moldavian and foreigners sequences mostly respect to Italian ones. Italian sequences clustered mostly together in a main clade separately from all others. The estimation of the time of the tree's root gave a mean value of 17 years ago, suggesting the origin of the tree back to 1992 year. The skyline plot showed that the number of infections softly increased until the early 2005s, after which reached a plateau. Comparing phylogenetic data to the migrants date of arrival in Italy, it should be possible that migrants arrived in Italy yet infected from their country of origin. In conclusion, this is the first paper where phylogenetic analysis and genetic evolution has been used to characterize HBV sub genotypes D1 circulation in a selected and homogenous group of migrants coming from a restricted area of Balkans and to approximately define the period of infection besides the migration date.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Migrantes , Adulto , Teorema de Bayes , Feminino , Genótipo , Hepatite B/etnologia , Hepatite B/virologia , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Epidemiologia Molecular , Filogenia , Prevalência
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