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1.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431178

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Nonthermal argon plasma (NTAP) has been reported to improve the bond strength of resin cements to yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) ceramics. However, the effect of the inevitable delay before cementation and after treating Y-TZP ceramics with NTAP is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate whether delays of 8, 12, and 24 hours between the Y-TZP ceramic treatment with NTAP and the cementation would affect the surface energy and the bond strength of a self-adhesive resin cement to Y-TZP ceramic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty plates and 50 blocks of 3Y-TZP ceramic were divided into 2 groups (n=30 and n=25): as-sintered (AS) and airborne-particle abraded with 50-µm Al2O3 (APA). These groups were further divided into 5 subgroups (n=6 and n=5) according to the delay between the NTAP treatment and the measurement of surface energy and microtensile bond strength (µTBS) evaluation: (0, 8, 12, and 24 hours). For both 3Y-TZP surface conditions (AS and APA), a control group without NTAP treatment was used (ASC and APAC). The surface energy (SE) was evaluated with a goniometer and the 3Y-TZP elemental composition with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). For the µTBS test, the 3Y-TZP ceramic blocks were cemented to composite resin blocks with a self-adhesive resin cement. After storage in distilled water at 37 °C for 24 hours, the 3Y-TZP-composite resin blocks were sectioned into beams and submitted to a µTBS test. Data were submitted to 2-way ANOVA and the Tukey HSD test (α=.05). RESULTS: For the AS group, NTAP increased the SE irrespective of the delay before measurement: ASC<0 hour=8 hours=12 hours=24 hours (P<.05). For the APA group, except after 12 hours, NTAP also increased the surface energy (P<.05). XPS analysis showed an increase in the oxygen/carbon ratio after NTAP treatment for both groups. For the AS group, NTAP increased the µTBS after 0, 8, and 12 hours (P<.05), whereas for the APA group this occurred only after 8 hours (P<.05). For the AS and APA groups, the highest µTBS was reached after 8 hours (P<.05). CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of 3Y-TZP ceramic with NTAP improved the SE and increased the µTBS of self-adhesive resin cement to 3Y-TZP ceramic. These effects were time dependent, with better results at 8 hours after NTAP treatment.

2.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 112: 110852, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409029

RESUMO

The present study describes the development of a chlorhexidine long-term drug delivery system using starch as a biodegradable polymer base. Three batches of thermoplastic starch films, containing starch particles/nanoparticles and chlorhexidine (CHX), were manufactured by casting. Morphological characterization showed an irregular surface with particles incorporated with chlorhexidine agglomerated in a starch matrix. Nanoindentation showed that the control film (without chlorhexidine) presented a more plastic and rigid behavior in relation to the films containing CHX. CHX was partially bounded to starch and prevented starch crystallization. Starch nanoparticles formed by precipitation were observed through transmission electron microscopy. By incorporating CHX into the solution, the nanoparticles presented different morphology, suggesting absorption of the drug. In vitro drug release was observed for 21 days by UV-vis spectrophotometry and released CHX amounted up to 19 mg/100 ml. Films presented microbiological potential for inhibiting Staphylococcus aureus growth as evaluated by the disk diffusion test in agar. It has been concluded that the developed film met the main requirements for a drug delivery system and that it is possible to be produced from a simple, cheap and reproduceable process.

3.
Gen Dent ; 67(3): 58-61, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199746

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of previous irrigation with chlorhexidine (CHX) on the bond strength of a calcium silicate-based material, Biodentine, when used for furcal repair. Furcal perforations were produced in 30 extracted mandibular molars. Teeth were divided into 3 groups according to the irrigant used: distilled water (DW), CHX followed by DW (CHX), and CHX followed by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and DW (CHX/EDTA). Biodentine was used to repair the perforations. A push-out bond strength test was performed after 7 days, and data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (P < 0.05). The CHX/EDTA group showed significantly lower values than the DW and CHX groups (P < 0.05). The failure mode of the DW group was mainly mixed, while that of the CHX group was cohesive. The CHX/EDTA group exhibited adhesive and mixed failures. Irrigation with CHX prior to furcation repair did not result in a statistically significant difference, compared to the use of DW, in the push-out bond strength of Biodentine.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio/química , Clorexidina/química , Colagem Dentária , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Silicatos/química , Cálcio , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Hipoclorito de Sódio
4.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 123: 609-621, 2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30447362

RESUMO

The present work aims to study the effect of the addition of poly (hydroxybutyrate) PHB as reinforcement in thermoplastic cornstarch (TPS) produced by the thermal compression molding method. Initially, the physical and chemical properties of TPS with different amounts of glycerol as the plasticizer (25, 30 and 35 wt%), are evaluated. Then, the composites, including 35% glycerol and different PHB contents (10, 20 and 30 wt%), are prepared. Additionally, the surface of the PHB granules is modified by plasma treatment using atmospheric air and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) gas. In order to evaluate the influence of the PHB contents before and after the plasma treatment, the composites are characterized by FTIR, TGA, DSC, XRD, SEM, and mechanical tests. SEM showed a homogeneous distribution of PHB granules in the TPS matrix. On the other hand, the micrographs of the composites, using the high concentration of plasma-treated PHB, showed the agglomerated particles in the starch matrix, which represented stress concentrators, and showed weak interfacial adhesion leading to the poor mechanical properties. The thermogravimetric analysis of the composites with PHB treated by plasma showed a higher thermal stability compared to the composites of TPS and untreated PHB.


Assuntos
Hidroxibutiratos/química , Plastificantes/química , Amido/química , Glicerol/química , Hidroxibutiratos/síntese química , Plastificantes/síntese química , Poliésteres/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Amido/síntese química , Amido/ultraestrutura , Temperatura , Resistência à Tração , Difração de Raios X
5.
J Prosthet Dent ; 121(3): 485-491, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30409721

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Nonthermal argon plasma may increase the surface energy of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) dental ceramics. However, studies that evaluated the effect of increased plasma treatment times on the bond strength of resin cements to Y-TZP ceramics are lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of different nonthermal argon plasma (NTAP) treatment times on the surface energy and bond strength of a self-adhesive resin cement to Y-TZP ceramic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eighty Y-TZP plates were divided into 2 groups (n=24): as-sintered (AS) and airborne-particle abrasion (APA) with 50-µm Al2O3, which were subdivided into 4 groups (n=6) according to the time of NTAP treatment: 0, 20, 60, and 120 seconds. The surface energy was evaluated with a goniometer. Forty Y-TZP blocks submitted to the same surface treatments (8 groups; n=5) were cemented to composite resin blocks, using a self-adhesive resin cement. After storage in distilled water at 37°C for 24 hours, the Y-TZP-composite resin blocks were cut into beams and submitted to a microtensile bond strength (µTBS) test. Data were analyzed using 2-way ANOVA and the Tukey honestly significant differences test (α=.05). RESULTS: Treatment with NTAP increased the surface energy for AS and APA groups (P<.05). For both groups, the µTBS was as follows: 0 seconds < 20 seconds < 60 seconds = 120 seconds (P<.05). Only after 120 seconds of NTAP treatment was the µTBS of APA higher than that of AS (P<.05). CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with NTAP improved the surface energy and increased the µTBS of self-adhesive resin cement to Y-TZP ceramic, with higher times of plasma treatment resulting in higher bond strength.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Gases em Plasma , Argônio , Cerâmica , Cimentos Dentários , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Propriedades de Superfície , Ítrio , Zircônio
6.
Dent. press endod ; 8(3): 34-40, set.-dez. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-948767

RESUMO

Introdução: diferentes irrigantes têm sido estudados, propostos e utilizados durante a terapia endodôntica. Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo foi determinar as tendências atuais em irrigação, entre os endodontistas brasileiros. Métodos: um total de 398 endodontistas brasileiros respondeu a um questionário de pesquisa na internet, com 15 questões de múltipla escolha, seleções múltiplas e rankings numéricos, sobre sua seleção de irrigante, concentração, remoção da smear layer e uso de coadjuvantes para irrigação. Resultados: o hipoclorito de sódio foi o irrigante mais utilizado em uma concentração inferior a 5,0%. Clorexidina (CHX) foi o segundo irrigante primário mais utilizado, sendo a CHX 2% em gel a forma de apresentação mais prevalente. Em relação à remoção da smear layer, 88,4% dos entrevistados declararam realizar a remoção, onde o EDTA foi o irrigante mais utilizado (93,7%). Mais de 70% dos endodontistas utilizam um sistema coadjuvante durante a irrigação, dos quais 39,9% utilizam ativação ultrassônica; 24,4%, lima plástica e 1%, ativação sônica. O uso de EndoVac não foi relatado. Conclusões: a maioria dos entrevistados utiliza hipoclorito de sódio e remove rotineiramente a smear layer durante o tratamento endodôntico utilizando EDTA. Os endodontistas brasileiros utilizam técnicas coadjuvantes à irrigação. (AU)


Assuntos
Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Cavidade Pulpar , Endodontia/tendências
7.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 167: 441-447, 2018 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29709828

RESUMO

Force-distance curves between atomic force microscopy (AFM) tip (Si3N4 non-functionalized) and bovine serum Albumin (BSA) immobilized on Si3N4 substrates have been performed with the purpose to understand how multiple interactions between the protein and the tip were favored in different pHs (4, 6 and 10). In this work, 100 silicon wafer samples were used to deposit a layer of Si3N4. Protein immobilization consisted of the silanization of the substrates with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) and crosslinking with glutaraldehyde (GA). All functionalization steps were evaluated by contact angle, X-Ray electron spectroscopy (XPS) and AFM. AFM images showed increase of roughness following functionalization. At pH 4, it was possible to note that small forces (49.1 ±â€¯2.4 pN) were needed to stretch BSA, with a contour length of CL = (30.0 ±â€¯1.1 nm). At pH 6, the force applied was higher (101.5 ±â€¯5.0 pN) with a higher molecule stretch CL = (75.6 ±â€¯3.8 nm) because the pH is close to the BSA isoelectric point where the folding of the protein is favored as surfaces charges are minimized leading to lower attractive intramolecular forces. Young's Modulus were also calculated and the lowest value (265 kPa) was observed at pH 10.


Assuntos
Glutaral/química , Propilaminas/química , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Silanos/química , Compostos de Silício/química , Adsorção , Animais , Bovinos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica , Ligação Proteica , Soroalbumina Bovina/metabolismo , Compostos de Silício/metabolismo , Propriedades de Superfície
8.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 17: e18924, 2018. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-970500

RESUMO

Aim: This study evaluated the effect of a sonic device on the bonding of fiberglass posts cemented with a self-etching adhesive combined with conventional cement or a self-adhesive cement to root dentin. Methods: Forty single-rooted bovine incisors were endodontically prepared using a step-back technique. Gutta-percha and AH Plus sealer were used for root canal filling, combined with a thermoplasticization technique. After 1 week, the post space was prepared and the roots were divided into four groups according to the following factors: adhesive system/resin cement (Ambar/ AllCem Core [FGM] and RelyX U200 [3M]) and application mode (manual or sonic). The posts were cemented and the roots were cut into discs and submitted to push-out bond strength (POBS) test. The failure mode was evaluated using a stereoscope at 25x magnification. The data were analyzed statistically using ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc test (α = 0.05). Results: The sonically activated RelyX U200 group was superior to the other groups. RelyX U200 manually applicated showed similar results to those of sonically activated Âmbar/AllCem. These three groups outperformed the Âmbar/AllCem manually applicated group. Adhesive failure between dentin and resin cement was the most predominant pattern. Conclusion: Sonic application of self-etching adhesive and self-adhesive cement improved the POBS of fiber posts to the root canal


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Colagem Dentária , Cimentos Dentários , Pinos Dentários , Cavidade Pulpar , Análise do Estresse Dentário
9.
Restor Dent Endod ; 42(2): 105-110, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28503475

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the cleaning ability of ultrasonically activated irrigation (UAI) and a novel activation system with reciprocating motion (EC, EasyClean, Easy Equipamentos Odontológicos) when used with a relatively new chelating agent (QMix, Dentsply). In addition, the effect of QMix solution when used for a shorter (1 minute) and a longer application time (3 minutes) was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty permanent human teeth were prepared with K3 rotary system and 6% sodium hypochlorite. Samples were randomly assigned to five groups (n = 10) according to the final irrigation protocol: G1, negative control (distilled water); G2, positive control (QMix 1 minute); G3, QMix 1 minute/UAI; G4, QMix 1 minute/EC; G5, QMix 3 minutes. Subsequently the teeth were prepared and three photomicrographs were obtained in each root third of root walls, by scanning electron microscopy. Two blinded and pre-calibrated examiners evaluated the images using a four-category scoring system. Data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (p < 0.05). RESULTS: There were differences among groups (p < 0.05). UAI showed better cleaning ability than EC (p < 0.05). There were improvements when QMix was used with auxiliary devices in comparison with conventional irrigation (p < 0.05). Conventional irrigation for 3 minutes presented significantly better results than its use for 1 minute (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: QMix should be used for 1 minute when it is used with UAI, since this final irrigation protocol showed the best performance and also allowed clinical optimization of this procedure.

10.
Restor Dent Endod ; 42(2): 125-133, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28503478

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study compared the effect of hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) and ammonia (NH3) plasmas on the bond strength of resin cement to fiber posts with conventional treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-five fiber posts were divided into 5 groups: Control (no surface treatment); H2O2 (24% hydrogen peroxide for 1 min); Blasting (blasting with aluminum oxide for 30 sec); NH3 (NH3 plasma treatment for 3 min); HMDSO (HMDSO plasma treatment for 15 min). After the treatments, the Ambar adhesive (FGM Dental Products) was applied to the post surface (n = 10). The fiber post was inserted into a silicon matrix that was filled with the conventional resin cement Allcem Core (FGM). Afterwards, the post/cement specimens were cut into discs and subjected to a push-out bond strength (POBS) test. Additionally, 3 posts in each group were evaluated using scanning electron microscopy. The POBS data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance and the Tukey's honest significant difference post hoc test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The Blasting and NH3 groups showed the highest POBS values. The HMDSO group showed intermediate POBS values, whereas the Control and H2O2 groups showed the lowest POBS values. CONCLUSION: Blasting and NH3 plasma treatments were associated with stronger bonding of the conventional resin cement Allcem to fiber posts, in a procedure in which the Ambar adhesive was used.

11.
Carbohydr Polym ; 165: 429-436, 2017 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28363569

RESUMO

The high lignin to cellulose ratio of coir fibers results in low compatibility between these fibers and natural polymers like starch, leading to poor mechanical properties in the composites. Plasma treatment using either air or oxygen proved to be an effective in removing the lignin rich amorphous layer on coir fibers, as it was clearly observed by SEM. The ratio of the FTIR signal related to lignin (1508cm-1) and cellulose (1317cm-1) decreases 10 times for air plasma treated fibers and 20 times for oxygen plasma treated samples. Composites of plasma treated short coir fibers and thermoplastic starch presented considerable increase in mechanical properties in comparison to composites made with untreated fibers. Tensile strength increased by up to 300% and elastic modulus improved by a factor of nearly 20 times, which was associated with enhanced fiber-matrix adhesion after plasma treatment with oxygen for 7.2min at 80W power.

12.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 73(4): 272-276, Out.-Dez. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-844041

RESUMO

Objetivo: avaliar o número de aplicações necessárias para a completa obliteração dos túbulos dentinários utilizando diferentes agentes dessensibilizantes. Material e Métodos: a porção do esmalte coronário da face vestibular de 40 incisivos bovinos foi removida com auxílio de lixas para expor a dentina superficial da junção amelo-cementária. Em seguida, as raízes e a porção coronária referente ao terço médio-incisal dos dentes foram removidas. A seguir foi realizada a completa remoção de smear layer, evidenciando os túbulos dentinários. As amostras foram divididas em quatro grupos experimentais conforme o agente dessensibilizante utilizado: verniz fluoretado, adesivo dentinário, dessensibilizante dentinário e creme dental. Os produtos foram aplicados de acordo com as recomendações do fabricante. As amostras foram avaliadas previamente e após o uso dos agentes por microscopia eletrônica de varredura de baixo vácuo. A aplicação do agente e a análise foram realizadas até a completa obliteração dos túbulos dentinários. Os dados foram avaliados estatisticamente em relação ao número de aplicações necessárias utilizando os testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney (p < 0,05). Resultados: o verniz fluoretado foi o mais eficaz dos agentes avaliados, sendo necessária uma aplicação para a completa obliteração dos túbulos. Para o adesivo dentinário foram necessárias duas aplicações e para o dessensibilizante e o creme dental foram necessárias cinco aplicações. Conclusão: os agentes dessensibilizantes testados necessitam de um número variado de aplicações, sendo o mais eficaz o verniz fluoretado, onde apenas uma aplicação possibilitou a completa obliteração dos túbulos.


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the number of applications necessary for the complete obliteration of dentinal tubules using different desensitizing agents. Materials and Methods: A portion of coronary enamel of the buccal surface of 40 bovine incisors was removed with the aid of sandpaper in order to expose the superficial dentin at the dentin-enamel junction. The roots and the coronary portions of the mesial-incisal third of the teeth were also removed. Complete smear-layer removal was performed, exposing the dentinal tubules. Samples were divided into four experimental groups according to the desensitizing agents used: fluoride varnish; dentin adhesive; dentin desensitizing; and toothpaste. The products were applied in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. Samples were evaluated before and after the application of different agents by scanning electronic microscopy of low vacuum. The application of the products and analyses were carried out until complete obliteration of dentinal tubules. Data were evaluated statistically in relation to the required number of applications, using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (p < 0.05). Results: The results showed that fluoride varnish was the most efficient of the tested agents, requiring a single application for the complete obliteration of the dentinal tubule. For the dentin adhesive, two applications were necessary and for the dentin desensitizing and toothpaste, five applications were required. Conclusion: The desensitizing agents tested required a distinct number of applications, and the fluoride varnish was the most effective agent, with a single application resulting in the complete obliteration of the dentin tubule.

13.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 45(5): 277-282, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-798167

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução O tratamento de plasma é uma tecnologia eficaz que pode manter as propriedades internas dos materiais inalteradas após o tratamento, modificando apenas a superfície. Objetivo Avaliar o efeito do plasma de oxigênio na dentina previamente exposta ao NaOCl 6%. Material e método Foram utilizados 60 incisivos bovinos. A coroa foi removida, a raiz foi dividida e as faces planificadas, totalizando 120 segmentos referentes ao terço cervical. As amostras foram divididas em dois grupos: controle (imersa em NaOCl 6%, lavada com água destilada, seca, imersa em EDTA 17%, lavada e seca) e plasma de oxigênio (após tratamento descrito no grupo controle, plasma de oxigênio foi aplicado por 30 s). As amostras foram avaliadas qualitativamente em relação à topografia por microscopia eletrônica de varredura, utilizando-se microfotografias com ampliação de 1.000×. O goniômetro Ramé-hart foi utilizado para a mensuração do ângulo de contato entre as superfícies e as seguintes soluções foram utilizadas: água, etilenoglicol e di-iodometano. Em seguida, a energia de superfície, representada pelas componentes polar e dispersiva, foi calculada. Avaliou-se também o escoamento dos cimentos Pulp Canal Sealer EWT (PCS) e Real Sal SE (RS) na superfície dentinária. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente utilizando os testes Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney U (p<0,05). Resultado O tratamento com plasma levou à formação de uma camada semelhante à smear layer na superfície dentinária. Este tratamento levou a um aumento da energia de superfície e da componente polar, favorecendo a hidrofilicidade da superfície. Entretanto, desfavoreceu o escoamento do cimento PCS e não influenciou no escoamento do cimento RS. Conclusão O plasma de oxigênio ocasionou mudanças topográficas na superfície dentinária, favorecendo a hidrofilicidade desta. Contudo, não favoreceu o escoamento dos cimentos endodônticos na dentina.


Abstract Introduction Plasma treatment is an effective technology since the internal properties of the material is kept unchanged after treatment, modifying only the surface. Objective To evaluate the effect of oxygen plasma on dentin previously exposed to 6% NaOCl. Material and method 60 bovine incisors were used. The crown was removed, the root splited and the faces planned amounting 120 segments related to the cervical third. The samples were divided into 2 groups, control (immersed in 6% NaOCl, washed with distilled water, dried, immersed in 17% EDTA, washed and dried) and oxygen plasma (after treatment described in the control group, oxygen plasma was applied for 30s). The samples were evaluated qualitatively in relation to topography by scanning electron microscopy using photomicrographs at 1000× of magnification. The Ramé-hart goniometer was used to measure the contact angle between the surfaces and the following solutions: water, ethyleneglycol, and diiodomethane. Then, surface energy, polar and dispersive components, was calculated. Additionally, it was evaluated the flow of Pulp Canal Sealer EWT (PCS) and Real Salt SE (RS) sealers on dentin surface. Data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney U (p<0.05). Result Plasma treatment caused topographical changes on dentin surface. This treatment led to an increase in surface energy and polar component, favoring the hydrophilicity of the surface. However, it disfavors the wettability of PCS and did not influence the RS wettability. Conclusion The oxygen plasma caused topographical changes on dentin surface, favoring its hydrophilicity. However, it did not favor the sealers wettability on dentin.

14.
Braz Dent J ; 27(4): 446-51, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27652709

RESUMO

Studies have been showing a decrease of bond strength in dentin treated with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of non-thermal argon plasma on the bond strength of a self-etch adhesive system to dentin exposed to NaOCl. Thirty-two flat dentin surfaces of bovine incisors were immersed in 2.5% NaOCl for 30 min to simulate the irrigation step during endodontic treatment. The specimens were divided into four groups (n=8), according to the surface treatment: Control (without plasma treatment), AR15 (argon plasma for 15 s), AR30 (argon plasma for 30 s) and AR45 (argon plasma for 45 s). For microtensile bond strength test, 5 specimens were used per group. In each group, the specimens were hybridized with a self-etch adhesive system (Clearfil SE Bond) and resin composite buildups were constructed. After 48 h of water storage, specimens were sectioned into sticks (5 per tooth, 25 per group) and subjected to microtensile bond strength test (µTBS) until failure, evaluating failure mode. Three specimens per group were analyzed under FTIR spectroscopy to verify the chemical modifications produced in dentin. µTBS data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tamhane tests (p<0.05). AR30 showed the highest µTBS (20.86±9.0). AR15 (13.81±6.4) and AR45 (11.51±6.8) were statistically similar to control (13.67±8.1). FTIR spectroscopy showed that argon plasma treatment produced chemical modifications in dentin. In conclusion, non-thermal argon plasma treatment for 30 s produced chemical changes in dentin and improved the µTBs of Clearfil SE Bond to NaOCl-treated dentin.


Assuntos
Condicionamento Ácido do Dente/métodos , Argônio/química , Dentina/química , Gases em Plasma , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
15.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 68: 343-349, 2016 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27524029

RESUMO

This study was designed to evaluate the effects of Oxygen and Argon plasma on gutta-percha surfaces. A total of 185 flat smooth gutta-percha surfaces were used. Samples were divided into groups: control: no plasma treatment; Oxygen: treatment with Oxygen plasma for 1min; Argon: treatment with Argon plasma for 1min. Samples were evaluated topographically by scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy; and chemically by Fourier Transform-infrared Spectroscopy. A goniometer was used to determine the surface free energy and the wettability of the endodontic sealers. Additionally 60 bovine teeth were filled using pellets of gutta-percha (control, oxygen and argon plasma) and the sealers. Teeth were evaluated by push-out and microleakage tests. Data were statistically analyzed using specific tests. Argon plasma did not change the surface topography, while Oxygen plasma led to changes. Both treatments chemically modified the gutta-percha surface. Argon and Oxygen plasma increased the surface free energy and favored the wettability of AH Plus and Pulp Canal Sealer EWT. Regarding bond strength analysis, for AH Plus sealer, both plasma treatments on gutta-percha favored the bond strength to dentin. However, for Pulp Canal Sealer, there is no statistically significant influence. For leakage test, dye penetration occurred between sealer and dentin in all groups. In conclusion, Oxygen plasma led to both topographic and chemical changes in the gutta-percha surface, while Argon plasma caused only chemical changes. Both treatments increased the surface free energy, favoring the wettability of AH Plus and Pulp Canal Sealer EWT sealers and influenced positively in the adhesion and leakage.


Assuntos
Dentina/química , Guta-Percha/química , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras/química , Gases em Plasma/química , Animais , Bovinos , Propriedades de Superfície
16.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(4): 446-451, July-Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-794607

RESUMO

Abstract Studies have been showing a decrease of bond strength in dentin treated with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of non-thermal argon plasma on the bond strength of a self-etch adhesive system to dentin exposed to NaOCl. Thirty-two flat dentin surfaces of bovine incisors were immersed in 2.5% NaOCl for 30 min to simulate the irrigation step during endodontic treatment. The specimens were divided into four groups (n=8), according to the surface treatment: Control (without plasma treatment), AR15 (argon plasma for 15 s), AR30 (argon plasma for 30 s) and AR45 (argon plasma for 45 s). For microtensile bond strength test, 5 specimens were used per group. In each group, the specimens were hybridized with a self-etch adhesive system (Clearfil SE Bond) and resin composite buildups were constructed. After 48 h of water storage, specimens were sectioned into sticks (5 per tooth, 25 per group) and subjected to microtensile bond strength test (μTBS) until failure, evaluating failure mode. Three specimens per group were analyzed under FTIR spectroscopy to verify the chemical modifications produced in dentin. μTBS data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tamhane tests (p<0.05). AR30 showed the highest μTBS (20.86±9.0). AR15 (13.81±6.4) and AR45 (11.51±6.8) were statistically similar to control (13.67±8.1). FTIR spectroscopy showed that argon plasma treatment produced chemical modifications in dentin. In conclusion, non-thermal argon plasma treatment for 30 s produced chemical changes in dentin and improved the μTBs of Clearfil SE Bond to NaOCl-treated dentin.


Resumo Estudos vêm demonstrando uma diminuição na resistência adesiva em dentina tratada com hipoclorito de sódio (NaOCl). O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar o efeito do plasma de argônio não-térmico na resistência de união de um sistema adesivo autocondicionante à dentina exposta ao NaOCl. Trinta e duas superfícies dentinárias lisas de incisivos bovinos foram imersas em NaOCl a 2,5% por 30 min para simular o passo de irrigação durante o tratamento endodôntico. Os espécimes foram divididos em 4 grupos (n=8), de acordo com o tratamento de superfície: Controle (sem tratamento de plasma), AR15 (plasma de argônio por 15 s), AR30 (plasma de argônio por 30 s) e AR45 (plasma de argônio por 45 s). Para teste de resistência de união por microtração, cinco espécimes foram utilizadas por grupo. Em cada grupo, os espécimes foram hibridizados com um sistema adesivo autocondicionante (Clearfil SE Bond, Kuraray) e blocos de resina composta foram construídos. Após 48 h de armazenamento em água, os espécimes foram seccionados em palitos (5 por dente - 25 por grupo) e submetidos ao teste de resistência de união por microtração (μTBS) até a fratura, avaliando o padrão de fratura. Três amostras por grupo foram analisadas sob espectroscopia por FTIR para verificar as modificações químicas produzidas pelos tratamentos na dentina. Os dados de microtração foram avaliados estatisticamente utilizando os testes de ANOVA e Tamhane (p<0,05). AR30 apresentou o maior μTBS (20,86±9,0). AR15 (13,81±6,4) e AR45 (11,51±6,8) foram estatisticamente semelhantes ao controle (13,67±8,1). A espectroscopia por FTIR mostrou que o tratamento de plasma produziu modificações químicas na dentina. Como conclusão, o tratamento de plasma de argônio não-térmico por 30 s produziu alterações químicas na dentina e melhorou o μTBS do Clearfil SE Bond à dentina tratada com NaOCl.


Assuntos
Condicionamento Ácido do Dente/métodos , Argônio/química , Dentina/química , Gases em Plasma , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
17.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 16(3): 2822-31, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27455715

RESUMO

Hybrid nanoparticles (NPs) are emerging as an important family of multifunctional nanoscale materials. Due to its unique properties cyclodextrins (CDs) present the possibility to be employed in nanostructured devices for multiple applications. Therefore the study of hybrids NPs containing CDs, metal nanoparticles and an organic molecular guest is promising for applications in separation science, sensing, optics, catalysis and medical therapy. To investigate the hybrid nanoparticles properties in light of technological and medical science interfaces we chose tramadol hydrochloride as the model molecular guest. Using 2D 1H NMR and FTIR spectroscopies and ESI-MS we studied the topology and host-guest stoichiometry of inclusion compound between 2-hydroxypropyl-α-cyclodextrin and tramadol. These techniques confirmed that the inclusion compounds present 1:1 stoichiometry with the tramadol aromatic moiety inserted in the CD cavity and the amine part interacting with the CD superficial OHs. Performing capillary electrophoresis experiments, the stability constants of inclusion compounds were obtained and showed that the increase of temperature during the synthesis of these NPs can decrease their stabilities. Precipitated palladium nanoparticles were determined to have 80-200 nm of size distribution and the incorporation of tramadol was evidenced by additional 1H NMR experiments.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
18.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 45(2): 121-126, mar.-abr. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-780072

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução Os pinos de fibra de vidro são uma alternativa aos núcleos metálicos e apresentam vantagens, tais como: estética, módulo de elasticidade semelhante à dentina e cimentação imediata após o término do tratamento endodôntico. Ainda, apresentam a capacidade de aderir ao cimento resinoso e este, à dentina, por meio de técnicas adesivas. Objetivo Comparar a adesão de um cimento resinoso convencional e um autoadesivo a pinos de fibra de vidro, e os efeitos de diferentes tratamentos de superfície na resistência adesiva dos pinos. Material e método Trinta pinos foram divididos em três grupos: Controle: sem tratamento na superfície; Jateamento: jateamento com óxido de alumínio por 30 segundos, e Peróxido: imersão em peróxido de hidrogênio 24% por um minuto. Em seguida, corpos de prova foram obtidos a partir de cilindros de cimento resinoso contendo o pino de fibra posicionado no centro de seu longo eixo. Em cada grupo, cinco pinos foram associados ao adesivo Âmbar + cimento convencional AllCem Core e os outros cinco pinos, ao cimento autoadesivo RelyX U200. O conjunto pino/cimento foi segmentado e avaliado em relação à resistência de união (RU) por push-out. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pelos testes de ANOVA e Tukey (p<0,05). Resultado Os cimentos avaliados exibiram valores de RU semelhantes. Em relação aos tratamentos de superfície, os maiores valores de RU foram encontrados no grupo Jateamento. Conclusão O cimento convencional, AllCem Core, e o cimento autoadesivo, RelyX U200, mostraram valores de resistência de união semelhantes. Ainda, o jateamento com óxido de alumínio favoreceu a adesão dos pinos aos cimentos.


Abstract Introduction The fiberglass posts are an alternative to the metal cast, presenting some advantages, such as aesthetics, tensile modulus similar to dentin and can be placed in a single session, immediately after the endodontic treatment. It also has the ability to adhere to the resin cement and the last to dentin by means of bonding techniques. Objective To compare the adhesion of a conventional resin cement with a self-adhesive to fiberglass posts, and the effects of different surface treatments on adhesion of posts. Material and method Thirty fiber posts were divided into 3 groups: control: untreated surface; Blasting: blasting with aluminum oxide for 30 seconds and peroxide: immersion in 24% hydrogen peroxide for 1 minute. Then, the samples were obtained from resin cement cylinders containing the fiber post positioned in the center of its long axis. In each group 5 posts were associated with the adhesive Ambar+conventional cement Allcem Core and the other 5 posts with the self-adhesive cement RelyX U200. The post/cement sample was segment in discs and evaluated for bond strength (BS) by push-out test. Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey tests (p<0.05). Result The cements evaluated exhibited similar BS values. Regarding surface treatments, the highest BS values were found in blasting group. Conclusion Conventional cement, Allcem Core, and self-adhesive, RelyX U200, showed similar bond strength values. Also, blasting with aluminum oxide favored the adhesion of posts to cements.

19.
Braz Dent J ; 27(1): 41-5, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27007344

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of argon plasma on dentin surface after use of 6% NaOCl. Sixty bovine incisors had their crowns removed, the roots split, and the segments planed. One hundred twenty segments of the cervical third were used. The samples were divided in two groups (n=60): CONTROL GROUP: immersed in 6% NaOCl, washed, dried and then immersed in 17% EDTA, washed and dried and Argon group: after treatment described for the CONTROL GROUP, non-thermal argon plasma was applied for 30 s. Ten samples were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy in each group. Other ten samples were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Thirty samples were analyzed with a goniometer to measure the contact angle between the dentin surfaces and solutions, to determine the surface free energy. The last ten samples were used to evaluate the wettability of AH Plus sealer. Data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (p<0.05). The results of this study showed that argon plasma did not modify the surface topography. FTIR analysis showed chemical modifications after plasma treatment. Argon plasma increased the surface free energy of dentin and AH Plus wettability. In conclusion, argon plasma treatment modified chemically the dentin surface. This treatment increased the surface free energy and wettability of an epoxy resin root canal sealer, favoring its bonding to dentin surfaces.


Assuntos
Argônio , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Gases em Plasma , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Bovinos
20.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(1): 41-45, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-777151

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of argon plasma on dentin surface after use of 6% NaOCl. Sixty bovine incisors had their crowns removed, the roots split, and the segments planed. One hundred twenty segments of the cervical third were used. The samples were divided in two groups (n=60): Control group: immersed in 6% NaOCl, washed, dried and then immersed in 17% EDTA, washed and dried and Argon group: after treatment described for the Control group, non-thermal argon plasma was applied for 30 s. Ten samples were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy in each group. Other ten samples were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Thirty samples were analyzed with a goniometer to measure the contact angle between the dentin surfaces and solutions, to determine the surface free energy. The last ten samples were used to evaluate the wettability of AH Plus sealer. Data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (p<0.05). The results of this study showed that argon plasma did not modify the surface topography. FTIR analysis showed chemical modifications after plasma treatment. Argon plasma increased the surface free energy of dentin and AH Plus wettability. In conclusion, argon plasma treatment modified chemically the dentin surface. This treatment increased the surface free energy and wettability of an epoxy resin root canal sealer, favoring its bonding to dentin surfaces.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito do plasma de argônio na superfície dentinária após o uso de NaOCl 6%. As coroas de 60 incisivos bovinos foram removidas, as raízes clivadas e os segmentos planificados. Cento e vinte segmentos referentes ao terço cervical foram utilizados. As amostras foram divididas em dois grupos (n=60): Grupo Controle: imersos em NaOCl 6%, lavados, secos, imersos em EDTA 17%, lavados e secos e Grupo Argônio: após o tratamento descrito no grupo controle, foi aplicado plasma de argônio não térmico por 30 s. Em cada grupo, 10 amostras foram avaliadas por microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Outras dez amostras foram analisadas por espectroscopia no infravermelho por transformada de Fourier (FTIR). Trinta amostras foram analisadas com um goniômetro para medir o ângulo de contato entre a superfície dentinária e as soluções e determinar a energia livre de superfície. As últimas dez amostras foram utilizadas para avaliar a molhabilidade do cimento AH Plus. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente usando os testes de Kruskal Wallis e Mann-Whitney (p<0,05). Os resultados do estudo mostraram que o plasma de argônio não modificou a topografia de superfície. A análise por FTIR mostrou modificações químicas após o tratamento de plasma. O plasma de argônio aumentou a energia livre da superfície dentinária e a molhabilidade do cimento AH Plus. Conclusão, o tratamento com plasma de argônio modificou quimicamente a superfície dentinária. Este tratamento aumentou a energia livre de superfície e a molhabilidade de um cimento endodôntico à base de resina epóxi, favorecendo as características adesivas da superfície dentinária.


Assuntos
Animais , Argônio , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Gases em Plasma , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Bovinos
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