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1.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 76: e1991, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This observational, cross-sectional study based aimed to test whether heart failure (HF)-disease management program (DMP) components are influencing care and clinical decision-making in Brazil. METHODS: The survey respondents were cardiologists recommended by experts in the field and invited to participate in the survey via printed form or email. The survey consisted of 29 questions addressing site demographics, public versus private infrastructure, HF baseline data of patients, clinical management of HF, performance indicators, and perceptions about HF treatment. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 98 centers (58% public and 42% private practice) distributed across Brazil. Public HF-DMPs compared to private HF-DMP were associated with a higher percentage of HF-DMP-dedicated services (79% vs 24%; OR: 12, 95% CI: 94-34), multidisciplinary HF (MHF)-DMP [84% vs 65%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-8), HF educational programs (49% vs 18%; OR: 4; 95% CI: 1-2), written instructions before hospital discharge (83% vs 76%; OR: 1; 95% CI: 0-5), rehabilitation (69% vs 39%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-9), monitoring (44% vs 29%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 1-5), guideline-directed medical therapy-HF use (94% vs 85%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 0-15), and less B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) dosage (73% vs 88%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-9), and key performance indicators (37% vs 60%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-7). In comparison to non- MHF-DMP, MHF-DMP was associated with more educational initiatives (42% vs 6%; OR: 12; 95% CI: 1-97), written instructions (83% vs 68%; OR: 2: 95% CI: 1-7), rehabilitation (69% vs 17%; OR: 11; 95% CI: 3-44), monitoring (47% vs 6%; OR: 14; 95% CI: 2-115), GDMT-HF (92% vs 83%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 0-15). In addition, there were less use of BNP as a biomarker (70% vs 84%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 1-8) and key performance indicators (35% vs 51%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 91,6) in the non-MHF group. Physicians considered changing or introducing new medications mostly when patients were hospitalized or when observing worsening disease and/or symptoms. Adherence to drug treatment and non-drug treatment factors were the greatest medical problems associated with HF treatment. CONCLUSION: HF-DMPs are highly heterogeneous. New strategies for HF care should consider the present study highlights and clinical decision-making processes to improve HF patient care.

2.
Clinics ; 76: e1991, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153946

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This observational, cross-sectional study based aimed to test whether heart failure (HF)-disease management program (DMP) components are influencing care and clinical decision-making in Brazil. METHODS: The survey respondents were cardiologists recommended by experts in the field and invited to participate in the survey via printed form or email. The survey consisted of 29 questions addressing site demographics, public versus private infrastructure, HF baseline data of patients, clinical management of HF, performance indicators, and perceptions about HF treatment. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 98 centers (58% public and 42% private practice) distributed across Brazil. Public HF-DMPs compared to private HF-DMP were associated with a higher percentage of HF-DMP-dedicated services (79% vs 24%; OR: 12, 95% CI: 94-34), multidisciplinary HF (MHF)-DMP [84% vs 65%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-8), HF educational programs (49% vs 18%; OR: 4; 95% CI: 1-2), written instructions before hospital discharge (83% vs 76%; OR: 1; 95% CI: 0-5), rehabilitation (69% vs 39%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-9), monitoring (44% vs 29%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 1-5), guideline-directed medical therapy-HF use (94% vs 85%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 0-15), and less B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) dosage (73% vs 88%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-9), and key performance indicators (37% vs 60%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-7). In comparison to non- MHF-DMP, MHF-DMP was associated with more educational initiatives (42% vs 6%; OR: 12; 95% CI: 1-97), written instructions (83% vs 68%; OR: 2: 95% CI: 1-7), rehabilitation (69% vs 17%; OR: 11; 95% CI: 3-44), monitoring (47% vs 6%; OR: 14; 95% CI: 2-115), GDMT-HF (92% vs 83%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 0-15). In addition, there were less use of BNP as a biomarker (70% vs 84%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 1-8) and key performance indicators (35% vs 51%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 91,6) in the non-MHF group. Physicians considered changing or introducing new medications mostly when patients were hospitalized or when observing worsening disease and/or symptoms. Adherence to drug treatment and non-drug treatment factors were the greatest medical problems associated with HF treatment. CONCLUSION: HF-DMPs are highly heterogeneous. New strategies for HF care should consider the present study highlights and clinical decision-making processes to improve HF patient care.

3.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 115(5): 945-948, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295462

RESUMO

Recent evidence suggests cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is a mostly underdiagnosed condition, particularly in the transthyretin-mediated form, and is a frequent cause of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) in the elderly. New paradigms about CA also involve the development of disease-modifying specific therapies. This article summarizes these new concepts.

4.
Heart ; 2020 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33361353

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class plays a central role in heart failure (HF) assessment but might be unreliable in mild presentations. We compared objective measures of HF functional evaluation between patients classified as NYHA I and II in the Rede Brasileira de Estudos em Insuficiência Cardíaca (ReBIC)-1 Trial. METHODS: The ReBIC-1 Trial included outpatients with stable HF with reduced ejection fraction. All patients had simultaneous protocol-defined assessment of NYHA class, 6 min walk test (6MWT), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels and patient's self-perception of dyspnoea using a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS, range 0-100). RESULTS: Of 188 included patients with HF, 122 (65%) were classified as NYHA I and 66 (35%) as NYHA II at baseline. Although NYHA class I patients had lower dyspnoea VAS Scores (median 16 (IQR, 4-30) for class I vs 27.5 (11-49) for class II, p=0.001), overlap between classes was substantial (density overlap=60%). A similar profile was observed for NT-proBNP levels (620 pg/mL (248-1333) vs 778 (421-1737), p=0.015; overlap=78%) and for 6MWT distance (400 m (330-466) vs 351 m (286-408), p=0.028; overlap=64%). Among NYHA class I patients, 19%-34% had one marker of HF severity (VAS Score >30 points, 6MWT <300 m or NT-proBNP levels >1000 pg/mL) and 6%-10% had two of them. Temporal change in functional class was not accompanied by variation on dyspnoea VAS (p=0.14). CONCLUSIONS: Most patients classified as NYHA classes I and II had similar self-perception of their limitation, objective physical capabilities and levels of natriuretic peptides. These results suggest the NYHA classification poorly discriminates patients with mild HF.

5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 33(6): 686-696, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143117

RESUMO

Abstract Several different imaging methods can be used to evaluate patients with Chagas heart disease (CHD) for diagnostic and prognostic purposes, including plain chest radiography; echocardiography; myocardial perfusion scintigraphy, for detection of ischemia and fibrosis; radionuclide gated-angiography, for evaluation of biventricular function; 123I-MIBG labeling of sympathetic myocardial innervation; MRI, for detection and quantitation of myocardial fibrosis; and coronary angiography. This study aims to review the contributions of these nuclear medicine methods to understanding of the pathophysiology of chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC). Careful analysis and integration of findings provided by these imaging methods in patients with CCC at different stages has contributed significantly to improving understanding of several peculiarities of the disease. Clinical and experimental studies in animal models show that perfusion abnormalities detected in association with dysfunctional but viable myocardium are a common finding in CCC patients and correspond to areas of cardiac sympathetic denervation, as assessed by 123I-MIBG imaging. Furthermore, recent reports have demonstrated a close relationship between coronary microvascular disturbances and myocardial inflammation. Thus, ongoing research, mainly focused on refinements of 18F-FDF -PET techniques and further exploration of nuclear methods, such as SPECT, have the potential to contribute to detection and monitoring of early subclinical myocardial damage thereby enabling evaluation of therapeutic strategies targeting inflammation and microvascular ischemia that could result in better prognostic stratification of patients with CHD.

6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5): 945-948, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1142261

RESUMO

Resumo Evidências recentes sugerem que a amiloidose cardíaca é uma doença amplamente subdiagnosticada, particularmente na sua forma ligada à transtirretina, podendo ser uma causa comum de insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção preservada (ICFEP) no idoso. Os novos paradigmas sobre a doença incluem o desenvolvimento de novas terapias específicas que modificam a história natural da doença. Este artigo traz uma síntese destes novos conceitos.


Abstract Recent evidence suggests cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is a mostly underdiagnosed condition, particularly in the transthyretin-mediated form, and is a frequent cause of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) in the elderly. New paradigms about CA also involve the development of disease-modifying specific therapies. This article summarizes these new concepts.


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Amiloidose , Volume Sistólico , Pré-Albumina
9.
Open Heart ; 7(2)2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32820054

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review evidence comparing the effect of low-dose versus high-dose ACE inhibitors (ACEIs) on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality and hospitalisation, functional capacity and side effects in patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane CENTRAL and LILACS up to January 2019. We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing low-dose versus high-dose ACEIs in adults with HF with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF). Study selection and data extraction were performed by two independent reviewers. Risk of bias was assessed with RoB 2.0, and quality of evidence with Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE). We conducted random effects meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis. RESULTS: We included eight RCTs (5829 patients with HF). In comparison with low-dose ACEIs, high-dose ACEIs showed a non-significant effect on all-cause mortality (8 RCTs, n=5828, relative risk (RR) 0.95, 95% CI 0.88 to 1.02; moderate quality of evidence), cardiovascular mortality (6 RCTs, n=4048, RR 0.93, 95% CI 0.85 to 1.01; moderate quality of evidence), all-cause hospitalisation (5 RCTs, n=5394, RR 0.95, 95% CI 0.82 to 1.10; moderate quality of evidence) and cardiovascular hospitalisation (4 RCTs, n=5242, RR 0.98, 95% CI 0.83 to 1.17; low quality of evidence). High-dose ACEI increased functional capacity (4 studies, n=555, standardised mean difference 0.38, 95% CI 0.20 to 0.55; low quality of evidence) and the risk of hypotension (4 RCTs, n=3783, RR 1.64, 95% CI 1.30 to 2.05; moderate quality of evidence). High-dose ACEI had no effect on dizziness (3 RCTs, n=4994, RR 1.37, 95% CI 0.97 to 1.93; low quality of evidence), but decreased the risk of cough (4 RCTs, n=5146, RR 0.85, 95% CI 0.73 to 0.98; moderate quality of evidence). CONCLUSIONS: The magnitude of benefit of using high dose versus low to intermediate doses of ACEIs might be less than traditionally suggested in clinical guidelines. These findings might help clinicians address the complex task of HF management in a more rational and timely fashion, saving efforts to implement strategies with the greatest net clinical benefit.

10.
Clin Nutr ESPEN ; 39: 119-123, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32859304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Iron deficiency (ID) is a common comorbidity in patients with chronic heart failure (HF) and is associated with worse prognosis. We aimed at comparing the currently European Society of Cardiology (ESC) criterion for diagnosis of ID (ferritin < 100 µg/L or ferritin 100-299 µg/L with transferrin saturation [TSAT] < 20%) with either isolated low TSAT or isolated low ferritin on survival, in a cohort of HF patients. METHODS: This was an observational prospective study, investigating ambulatory patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction (n = 108). All patients were assessed for clinical aspects and iron indexes. The primary endpoint was all-cause death. RESULTS: Abnormal iron status was observed in 50 (46%) of patients. During the median follow-up time of 857.5 [647-899] days, 31 patients died (29%). In univariate analyses ESC-criterion (p = 0.022) and isolated TSAT <20% (p = 0.002), but not isolated ferritin <100 µg/L (p = 0.439), were significantly related to an increased risk of all-cause death. However, in multivariate analyses only TSAT <20% (HR = 2.3; [95% CI: 1.11-4.85]; p = 0.026) was independently related to all-cause mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicated that diagnosis of ID based on isolated TSAT <20% identifies HF patients with worse prognosis, while ferritin was not associated with mortality risk, suggesting that ferritin should not be taken into account for evaluation of clinical impact of ID in HF patients.

11.
J Nucl Cardiol ; 27(2): 434-444, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29696485

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between microvasculopathy, autonomic denervation, and myocardial fibrosis, in Chagas cardiomyopathy is incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to explore the relative extent and anatomic distribution of myocardial hypoperfusion, autonomic denervation, and myocardial scarring using Single-Photon Emission Computerized Tomography (SPECT) imaging and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). METHODS: Thirteen patients with Chagas disease all had Iodine-123-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) SPECT, 99mTc-Sestamibi (MIBI) rest-stress SPECT, and gadolinium late enhancement MRI imaging within a 2-month interval. The anatomic location and extent of denervation, of stress-induced hypoperfusion and fibrosis, were assessed through image co-registration and quantification of abnormal tissue areas as a percent of total myocardium. RESULTS: The results showed a strong general anatomic concordance between areas of hypoperfusion, denervation, and fibrosis, suggesting that the three abnormal features may be correlated. Myocardial denervation was anatomically and quantitatively closely associated areas of stress hypoperfusion. CONCLUSION: Combined myocardial analysis of the extent and location of autonomic denervation, hypoperfusion, and scarring may allow for better understanding of the pathophysiology of Chagas cardiomyopathy. Autonomic myocardial denervation may be a more sensitive marker of cardiac involvement in Chagas Disease than finding by other imaging modalities.

12.
Clin Nutr ESPEN ; 32: 145-152, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis that a normal sodium diet could be associated with preservation of serum sodium during treatment of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-four patients hospitalized for ADHF were blindly randomized by using block method to a low sodium diet (LS: 3 g/day of dietary sodium chloride; n = 22, 59.5 ± 11.9 y.o., 50% males. LVEF = 30.0 ± 13.6%); and a normal sodium diet (NS: 7 g/day; n = 22, 56.4 ± 10.3 y.o., 68% males; LVEF = 27.8 ± 11.7%), and both groups were submitted to fluid restriction of 1.000 mL/day. At the 7th day of intervention 16 patients of LS group and 15 patients of NS group were assessed for difference in serum sodium. Both groups had equivalent decongestion, reflected by similar percent reduction of body weight (LS: -5.0 ± 4.7% vs NS: -4.5 ± 5.2%. p = 0.41). Reduction of the N terminal fragment of type B natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) was significant only in the NS (-1497.0 [-18843.0 - 1191.0]. p = 0.04). The LS group showed lower levels of serum sodium (135.4 ± 3.5 mmol/L) compared to the NS group (137.5 ± 1.9 mmol/L; p = 0.04). Four cases of hyponatremia were observed only in the LS group (22%). The NS group exhibited higher mean blood pressure values (79.4 ± 2.4 mmHg vs 75.5 ± 3.0 mmHg. p = 0.03), and lower heart rate (73.2 ± 1.6 bpm vs 75.5 ± 2.1 bpm. p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that a normal sodium diet, when compared to a low sodium diet, is associated with similar degrees of decongestion, but with higher levels of natremia, blood pressure and lower neurohormonal activation during ADHF treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier no. NCT03722069.


Assuntos
Dieta Hipossódica , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Sódio/sangue , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Clin Nutr ; 38(2): 800-805, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29551406

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Heart failure (HF) is a growing public health issue; its risk factors include inappropriate dietary intake of microelements such as iodine, selenium, zinc and iron, which may lead to thyroid dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the correlation among the functional class stages of patients with HF, iodine, selenium, iron and zinc levels with the presence of thyroid dysfunction. METHODOLOGY: One hundred nine patients from the HF outpatient clinic of the Clinics Hospital of Ribeirão Preto whose blood and urine were collected for micronutrient analysis and laboratory tests were selected. The subjects' weight and height were also measured to calculate their BMI. First, a descriptive analysis of the data was made into tables, and then statistical analyses were done at a 5% significance level (p < 0.05). RESULTS: Most patients whose data was analysed were elderly and overweight. Excess ioduria, serum selenium and zinc, erythrocyte zinc and deficiency in serum iron and erythrocyte selenium were observed. The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction was 8.3%. Multivariate logistic regression verified that thyroid dysfunction increases the chance of classification in functional class III or IV (p = 0.015; OR = 8.72) by 8.7 times; each year of age increases the chance by 4.6% of classification in functional class III or IV (p = 0.008; odds ratio [OR] = 1.05), and each unit of BMI increases the chance of classification in functional class III or IV by 9.2% (p = 0.028; OR = 1.09). CONCLUSION: Patients with HF were deficient in serum iron and erythrocyte selenium. No connection was found between hypothyroidism and mineral deficiency, which seems to be related more to the severity of the disease than to the micronutrient nutritional profile.


Assuntos
Deficiências Nutricionais , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Hipotireoidismo , Micronutrientes/deficiência , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Deficiências Nutricionais/complicações , Deficiências Nutricionais/epidemiologia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipotireoidismo/complicações , Hipotireoidismo/epidemiologia , Iodo/deficiência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Nutricional/fisiologia , Selênio/deficiência , Zinco/deficiência
14.
J Nucl Cardiol ; 26(5): 1569-1579, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29392628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial perfusion defects (MPD) due to coronary microvascular dysfunction is frequent in chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC) and may be involved with development of myocardial damage. We investigated whether MPD precedes left ventricular systolic dysfunction and tested the hypothesis that prolonged use of dipyridamole (DIPY) could reduce MPD in an experimental model of CCC in hamsters. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated female hamsters 6-months after T. cruzi infection (baseline condition) and control animals, divided into T. cruzi-infected animals treated with DIPY (CH + DIPY) or placebo (CH + PLB); and uninfected animals treated with DIPY (CO + DIPY) or placebo (CO + PLB). The animals were submitted to echocardiogram and rest SPECT-Sestamibi-Tc99m myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. Next, the animals were treated with DIPY (4 mg/kg bid, intraperitoneal) or saline for 30 days, and reevaluated with the same imaging methods. At baseline, the CH + PLB and CH + DIPY groups showed larger areas of perfusion defect (13.2 ± 13.2% and 17.3 ± 13.2%, respectively) compared with CO + PLB and CO + DIPY (3.8 ± 2.2% e 3.5 ± 2.7%, respectively), P < .05. After treatment, we observed: reduction of perfusion defects only in the CH + DIPY group (17.3 ± 13.2% to 6.8 ± 7.6%, P = .001) and reduction of LVEF in CH + DIPY and CH + PLB groups (from 65.3 ± 9.0% to 53.6 ± 6.9% and from 69.3 ± 5.0% to 54.4 ± 8.6%, respectively, P < .001). Quantitative histology revealed greater extents of inflammation and interstitial fibrosis in both Chagas groups, compared with control group (P < .001), but no difference between Chagas groups (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: The prolonged use of DIPY in this experimental model of CCC has reduced the rest myocardial perfusion defects, supporting the notion that those areas correspond to viable hypoperfused myocardium.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/tratamento farmacológico , Dipiridamol/administração & dosagem , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Animais , Cricetinae , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio , Perfusão , Tecnécio Tc 99m Sestamibi , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Trypanosoma cruzi , Vasodilatadores/administração & dosagem
15.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(3): 436-539, 2018 09.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379264
16.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 71(5): 2404-2410, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30304169

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the distributions of measurements of the Dutch Fatigue Scale (DUFS), Dutch Exertion Fatigue Scale (DEFS), and Fatigue Pictogram tools, according to the New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Classification and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHOD: Methodological, cross-sectional study with 118 patients with heart failure. Variance analysis, Pearson's correlation, and Fisher's exact tests were carried out, with a significance level of 0.05. RESULTS: There was an increase in the DUFS and DEFS means with worsening of the NYHA-FC (p<0.001, for both tools). Correlations among the LVEF resulted in positive and weak magnitude for the DEFS (r=0.18; p=0.05) and for the DUFS (r=0.16; p=0.08). Just the item A on the Fatigue Pictogram had an association with the NYHA-FC (p<0.001) and the LVEF (p=0.03). CONCLUSION: Three tools detected worsening in fatigue levels according to the illness severity assessed by the NYHA-FC.


Assuntos
Fadiga/classificação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Software/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Fadiga/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(5): 2404-2410, Sep.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-958693

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the distributions of measurements of the Dutch Fatigue Scale (DUFS), Dutch Exertion Fatigue Scale (DEFS), and Fatigue Pictogram tools, according to the New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Classification and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Method: Methodological, cross-sectional study with 118 patients with heart failure. Variance analysis, Pearson's correlation, and Fisher's exact tests were carried out, with a significance level of 0.05. Results: There was an increase in the DUFS and DEFS means with worsening of the NYHA-FC (p<0.001, for both tools). Correlations among the LVEF resulted in positive and weak magnitude for the DEFS (r=0.18; p=0.05) and for the DUFS (r=0.16; p=0.08). Just the item A on the Fatigue Pictogram had an association with the NYHA-FC (p<0.001) and the LVEF (p=0.03). Conclusion: Three tools detected worsening in fatigue levels according to the illness severity assessed by the NYHA-FC.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Comparar las distribuciones de medidas de los instrumentos Dutch Fatigue Scale (DUFS), Dutch Exertion Fatigue Scale (DEFS) y Pictograma de Fatiga, según la Clase Funcional de la New York Heart Association (CF-NYHA), y la fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo (FEVE). Método: Estudio metodológico, transversal, con 118 pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca. Fueron realizados los tests Análisis de Varianza, Correlación de Pearson y Exacto de Fisher, nivel de significatividad de 0,05. Resultados: Hubo aumentos en los promedios del DUFS y del DEFS, empeorando la CF-NYHA (p<0,001 en ambos instrumentos). Las correlaciones entre FEVE fueron de magnitud positiva a débil para DEFS (r=0,18; p=0,05) y para DUFS (r=0,16; p=0,08). Solo el ítem A del Pictograma de Fatiga tuvo asociación con la CF-NYHA (p<0,001) y con la FEVE (p=0,03). Conclusión: Los tres instrumentos detectaron empeoramiento de niveles de fatiga de acuerdo con la enfermedad evaluada por la CF-NYHA.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar as distribuições das medidas dos instrumentos Dutch Fatigue Scale (DUFS), Dutch Exertion Fatigue Scale (DEFS) e Pictograma de Fadiga, segundo a Classe Funcional da New York Heart Association (CF-NYHA) e a Fração de Ejeção do Ventrículo Esquerdo (FEVE). Método: Estudo metodológico, transversal, com 118 pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca. Foram realizados os testes Análise de Variância, Correlação de Pearson e Exato de Fisher, com nível de significância de 0,05. Resultados: Houve aumento nas médias do DUFS e do DEFS com a piora da CF-NYHA (p<0,001, para ambos os instrumentos). As correlações entre a FEVE foram de positiva e fraca magnitude para o DEFS (r=0,18; p=0,05) e para o DUFS (r=0,16; p=0,08). Somente o item A do Pictograma de Fadiga teve associação com a CF-NYHA (p<0,001) e com a FEVE (p=0,03). Conclusão: Os três instrumentos detectaram piora nos níveis de fadiga, de acordo com a gravidade da doença avaliada pela CF-NYHA.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Idoso , Software/normas , Fadiga/classificação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fadiga/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
J Nucl Med ; 59(9): 1430-1436, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29700129

RESUMO

Altered myocardial perfusion is a common finding in chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC), but its underlying histologic changes have not been elucidated. We investigated the occurrence of myocardial perfusion defects (MPDs) and the correlated regional changes to histology in an experimental model of CCC in hamsters. Methods: Female Syrian hamsters (n = 34) were infected with 3.5 × 104 to 105 trypomastigote forms of Trypanosoma cruzi, Y strain, and 6-10 mo afterward underwent in vivo imaging including resting 99mTc-sestamibi SPECT, segmental and global left ventricular function assessment using 2-dimensional echocardiography, and 18F-FDG PET for evaluation of myocardial viability. Histologic analysis included quantification of fibrosis, inflammatory infiltration, and the diameter and density of myocardial microcirculation. Results: MPDs were present in 17 (50%) of the infected animals. Histologic analysis revealed no transmural scar in segments with an MPD, and normal or mildly reduced 18F-FDG uptake, indicating viable myocardium. Infected animals with an MPD, in comparison to infected animals without an MPD and control animals, showed a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (P = 0.012), a higher wall motion score index (P = 0.004), and a higher extent of inflammatory infiltration (P = 0.018) but a similar extent of fibrosis (P = 0.15) and similar microvascular diameter and density (P > 0.05). Segments with an MPD (n = 65), as compared with normally perfused regions in the same animal (n = 156), showed a higher wall motion score index (P = 0.005) but a similar extent of inflammatory infiltration, a similar extent of fibrosis, and a similar microvascular diameter and density. Conclusion: Resting MPDs are frequent in experimental CCC and are associated with myocardial inflammation but do not designate scar tissue, corresponding to regions with metabolically viable myocardium.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Circulação Coronária , Animais , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/patologia , Doença Crônica , Cricetinae , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Microvasos/diagnóstico por imagem , Microvasos/fisiopatologia , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio , Miocárdio/patologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Sístole/fisiologia , Sobrevivência de Tecidos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
19.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(2): f:173-l:189, mar.-abr. 2018. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-882961

RESUMO

A cardiomiopatia crônica da doença de Chagas (CCDC) é resultante de miocardite fibrosante focal de baixa intensidade, mas incessante, causada pela infecção persistente do T cruzi, associada à inflamação mediada por mecanismos imunes adversos. Cerca de 30% dos infectados desenvolvem, ao longo da vida, a forma crônica cardíaca da doença de Chagas com manifestação clínica proteiforme, que pode incluir morte súbita, sintomas e sinais de insuficiência cardíaca, eventos cardioembólicos, arritmia e sintomas anginoides. A morte súbita e a progressão da insuficiência cardíaca (IC) são os mecanismos mais comuns de óbito nesta condição. Os aspectos prognósticos mais relevantes são sintomas de IC avançada (CF III/IV da NYHA), cardiomegalia, disfunção sistólica do VE e taquicardia ventricular não sustentada. A prevenção dos eventos cardioembólicos é aspecto importante no manejo dos pacientes com CCDC. Agentes anticoagulantes orais devem ser indicados para pacientes com risco elevado, conforme a presença de um conjunto de fatores de risco: disfunção sistólica do VE, aneurisma apical, alteração da repolarização ventricular ao ECG e idade avançada. O tratamento da IC na CCDC segue os mesmos princípios aplicados à IC secundária à cardiomiopatia dilatada de outras etiologias


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/mortalidade , Doença de Chagas/epidemiologia , Doença de Chagas/mortalidade , Morte Súbita , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Valva Mitral , Valva Tricúspide , Trypanosoma cruzi/parasitologia
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