Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 48
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30770503

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Monotherapy is an option as first-line therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, combination therapy is a beneficial alternative. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of monotherapy versus combination therapy in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc)-associated PAH. METHODS: All patients with SSc-associated PAH from the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE) were reviewed. Patients were split into 3 groups: monotherapy versus sequential combination versus upfront combination therapy. The primary endpoint was death from any cause at 1, 3, and 5 years from PAH diagnosis. RESULTS: Seventy-six patients (4.2%) out of 1817 had SSc-related PAH. Thirty-four patients (45%) were receiving monotherapy [endothelin receptor antagonist (n = 22; 29%) or phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (n = 12; 16%)], 25 (33%) sequential combination, and 17 (22%) upfront combination therapy. A lower forced vital capacity/DLCO in the sequential combination group was reported (2.9 ± 1.1 vs 1.8 ± 0.4 vs 2.3 ± 0.8; p = 0.085) and also a higher mean pulmonary arterial pressure in combination groups (37.2 ± 8.7 mmHg vs 40.8 ± 8.8 vs 46 ± 15.9; p = 0.026) at baseline. Treatment regimen (p = 0.017) and functional class (p = 0.007) were found to be independent predictors of mortality. Sequential combination therapy was found to be an independent protective factor (HR 0.11, 95% CI 0.03-0.51; p = 0.004), while upfront combination therapy showed a trend (HR 0.68, 95% CI 0.23-1.97; p = 0.476). Survival from PAH diagnosis among monotherapy, sequential, and upfront combination groups was 78% versus 95.8% versus 94.1% at 1 year, 40.7% versus 81.5% versus 51.8% at 3 years, and 31.6% versus 56.5% versus 34.5% at 5 years (p = 0.007), respectively. Side effects were not significantly different among groups. CONCLUSION: Combination sequential therapy improved survival in our cohort.

2.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37 Suppl 119(4): 41-48, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30767873

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical features and survival of patients with positive anti-RNA polymerase III (anti-RNAP III) in a Spanish single centre. METHODS: We analysed 221 patients with SSc according to LeRoy and Medsger criteria. Twenty-six patients with positivity for anti-RNAP III antibodies were compared with 195 negative patients. Epidemiological, clinical, immunological features and survival were analysed. RESULTS: In patients with anti-RNAP III positivity diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) subset was the most prevalent (20, 76.9% vs. 35, 17.9%, p < 0.001), with shorter diagnosis delay (4.11 ± 7.34 years vs. 6.77 ± 9.22 years, p = 0.005). Patients with anti-RNAP III antibodies had higher frequency of arterial hypertension (13, 50% vs. 55, 28.2%, p = 0.024), scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) (3, 11.5% vs. 3, 1.5%, p = 0.023), arthritis (9, 34.6% vs. 35, 17.9%, p = 0.046), tendon friction rubs (4, 15.4% vs. 1, 0.5%, p = 0.001) and contractures (5, 19.2% vs. 10, 5.1%, p = 0.02). There were no differences found in the presence of cancer or in global survival. In the multivariate survival analysis, severe interstitial lung disease (ILD) (HR: 8.61, 95%CI 3.40 - 21.81), pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) (HR: 4.05, 95%CI 1.42 - 11.61) and SRC (HR: 17.27, 95%CI 3.36 - 88.97) were the only factors associated with poor prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort anti-RNAP III antibodies are related with dcSSc subset, shorter diagnostic delay and higher prevalence of musculoskeletal involvement, arterial hypertension and SRC. ILD, PAH and SRC were independent prognostic factors.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , RNA Polimerase III/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Adulto , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Diagnóstico Tardio , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/imunologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/metabolismo , Espanha
3.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 281, 2018 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30567570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine whether lung involvement is related to microvascular perturbations, nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) was performed in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was consecutively accomplished in 152 SSc patients. NVC, a pulmonary function test and echocardiography were undergone within a 3-month period. Finally, 134 patients with at least eight NVC (200× magnification) images were selected for quantitative and qualitative examinations. RESULTS: Patients with interstitial lung disease presented lower median capillary density (4.86/mm vs 5.88/mm, p = 0.005) and higher median of neoangiogenesis (0.56/mm vs 0.31/mm, p = 0.005). A higher quantity of neoangiogenesis capillaries was found in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (0.70/mm vs 0.33/mm, p = 0.008). Multivariate linear regression analysis established a correlation between neoangiogenesis and decreased forced vital capacity (FVC) (p < 0.001): for each capillary with neoangiogenesis visualized on average per 1 mm, FVC was 7.3% reduced. In qualitative NVC, a late pattern as defined by Cutolo was also associated with lower FVC (p = 0.018). The number of giant capillaries was associated with reduced diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) (p = 0.016); for each giant capillary per 1 mm, DLCO was 11.8% diminished. CONCLUSIONS: A good correlation was observed between distinctive quantitative and qualitative NVC features with lung functional parameters such as FVC and DLCO. It is suggested that vasculopathy could play a role in SSc lung involvement.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Sistema Respiratório/fisiopatologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Doenças Vasculares/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Capilares/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/fisiopatologia , Lesão Pulmonar/complicações , Lesão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Doenças Vasculares/complicações , Doenças Vasculares/diagnóstico
5.
Clin Rheumatol ; 37(4): 999-1009, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29214548

RESUMO

The objective of the study is to determine the importance of the mode of onset as prognostic factor in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Data were collected from the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE), a nationwide retrospective multicenter database created in 2006. As first symptom, we included Raynaud's phenomenon (RP), cutaneous sclerosis, arthralgia/arthritis, puffy hands, interstitial lung disease (ILD), pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), and digestive hypomotility. A total of 1625 patients were recruited. One thousand three hundred forty-two patients (83%) presented with RP as first symptom and 283 patients (17%) did not. Survival from first symptom in those patients with RP mode of onset was higher at any time than those with onset as non-Raynaud's phenomenon: 97 vs. 90% at 5 years, 93 vs. 82% at 10 years, 83 vs. 62% at 20 years, and 71 vs. 50% at 30 years (p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, factors related to mortality were older age at onset, male gender, dcSSc subset, ILD, PAH, scleroderma renal crisis (SRC), heart involvement, and the mode of onset with non-Raynaud's phenomenon, especially in the form of puffy hands or pulmonary involvement. The mode of onset should be considered an independent prognostic factor in systemic sclerosis and, in particular, patients who initially present with non-Raynaud's phenomenon may be considered of poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Artralgia/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doença de Raynaud/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Avaliação de Sintomas
6.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 47(6): 849-857, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29246416

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and causes of hepatobiliary involvement (HBI) in systemic sclerosis (SSc), to investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of SSc patients with HBI (SSc-HBI) and without HBI (SSc-non-HBI), and to compare both groups according to the cutaneous SSc subsets. METHODS: In all, 1572 SSc patients were collected in the RESCLE registry up to January 2015, and all hepatobiliary disturbances were recorded. We investigated the HBI-related characteristics and survival from the entire SSc cohort and according to the following cutaneous subsets: diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc), limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc), and SSc sine scleroderma (ssSSc). RESULTS: Out of 1572, 118 (7.5%) patients had HBI. Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) was largely the main cause (n = 67, 4.3%), followed by autoimmune hepatitis (n = 19, 1.2%), and anti-mitochondrial negative PBC (n = 6, 0.4%). Other causes of HBI were as follows: secondary liver diseases (n = 11, 0.7%), SSc-related HBI (n = 7, 0.4%), nodular regenerative hyperplasia (n = 3, 0.2%), liver cirrhosis (n = 3, 0.2%), and HBI of unknown origin (n = 2, 0.1%). In multivariate analysis, HBI was independently associated to lesser risk of dcSSc (5.1% vs. 24.4%), and higher frequency of calcinosis (26% vs. 18%), left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (46% vs. 27%), sicca syndrome (51% vs. 29%), and anti-centromere antibodies (ACA, 73% vs. 44%). According to the cutaneous subsets, HBI was associated (1) in lcSSc, to longer time from SSc onset to diagnosis (10.8 ± 12.5 vs. 7.2 ± 9.3 years), sicca syndrome (54% vs. 33%), and ACA (80% vs. 56%); (2) in ssSSc, to sicca syndrome (44% vs. 19%), and (3) in dcSSc, no associations were found. HBI was the cause of death in 2.3% patients but the cumulative survival according to the presence or absence of HBI showed no differences. CONCLUSIONS: HBI prevalence in SSc is 7.5% and dcSSc is the least involved subset. PBC is the main cause of HBI. Patients with SSc-HBI exhibited specific clinical and immunologic profile. Survival is similar for SSc patients with HBI.


Assuntos
Colangite/etiologia , Hepatite Autoimune/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Colangite/mortalidade , Feminino , Hepatite Autoimune/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/mortalidade , Espanha , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
Joint Bone Spine ; 85(1): 79-84, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28408277

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lung transplantation (LT) has been proposed as a treatment for advanced interstitial lung disease (ILD) and/or pulmonary hypertension (PH) associated to systemic sclerosis (SSc) but few studies have been reported. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features, complications and survival of a single-center cohort of patients with SSc that underwent LT and to compare their survival with a group of non-SSc transplanted patients. METHODS: Fifteen patients with SSc were transplanted between May 2005 and April 2015. Standard international criteria were used to determine eligibility for LT. The severity of gastroesophageal involvement was not considered as a major contraindication if symptoms were under control. RESULTS: Eight (53.3%) patients had diffuse cutaneous SSc. Eleven (73%) underwent bilateral LT. The main indication for LT was ILD, with or associated PH in 4 cases. Acute cellular rejection and infections were the most frequent complications. Functional lung tests tended to keep stable after transplantation. Median survival was 2.4 years (Q1-Q3: 0.7-3.7 years). We did not find differences in survival between patients transplanted with SSc versus those transplanted due to non-SSc ILD or PH. SSc complications were scarce with no patient developing PH after LT. CONCLUSIONS: LT was an effective treatment for advanced ILD and/or PH associated to SSc in our study. Gastroesophageal reflux was not a limitation for LT in SSc in this study. Complications and survival did not differ from non-SSc patients undergoing LT.

8.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35 Suppl 106(4): 89-97, 2017 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28980905

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The low overall prevalence of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and the low proportion of male patients have resulted in a scarcity of studies assessing sex differences in Ssc patients, and contradictory results have often been show among those studies that have been performed. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted with the Spanish RESCLE register to analyse the influence of gender on survival of SSc patients. RESULTS: In total, 1506 SSc patients (1341 women, 165 men) were recruited from 21 centres. Older age at onset (OR 1.02), shorter time from onset to diagnosis (OR 0.96), smoking (OR 2.57), interstitial lung disease (ILD) (OR 1.58), less predisposition to sicca syndrome and to antinuclear antibody positivity (OR 0.29 and 0.43, respectively), and higher compliance with the ACR 1980 criteria (OR 1.79) were independently associated with the male sex. During follow-up, 30.4% of men versus 14.6% of women died (p<0.001). Survival at 10 years from the onset of symptoms was 75.3% for men and 92.9% for women (p<0.001), and the difference remained after selecting only SSc-related deaths (85.6% vs. 96.1%, p<0.001). The mortality predictive factors were diffuse SSc (OR 2.26), ILD (OR 1.82), digital ulcers (OR 1.38), tendon friction rubs (OR 1.74), male sex (OR 1.53), increased age at onset (OR 1.13) and isolated PH (considering only deaths from diagnosis), both in the overall (OR 3.63) and female cohorts (OR 3.97). The same risk factors were observed in the male cohort, except for isolated PH and ILD. CONCLUSIONS: The present study confirms the existence of epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and prognostic gender differences in systemic sclerosis patients.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Caracteres Sexuais
9.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35 Suppl 106(4): 98-105, 2017 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28980912

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical manifestations and prognosis of Spanish patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) according to their immunological profile. METHODS: From the Spanish Scleroderma Study Group or RESCLE (Registro de ESCLErodermia as Spanish nomenclature) Registry we selected those patients in which anti-centromere (ACA), anti-topoisomerase I (ATA), and anti-RNA polymerase III (ARA) antibodies had been determined, and a single positivity for each SSc specific antibody was detected. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and survival data were compared according to the serologic status of these antibodies. RESULTS: Overall, 209 SSc patients were included. In 128 (61%) patients ACA was the only positive antibody, 46 (22%) were only positive for ATA, and 35 (17%) for ARA. Of note, the three groups were mutually exclusive. In univariate analysis, patients with ACA presented more frequently limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) (p<0.001), whereas diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) was the most frequent subtype in patients with ATA (54%) and ARA (62%) (both p<0.001). Positive patients for ARA showed the highest prevalence of joint involvement (p<0.001) and those from ATA group had a higher prevalence of interstitial lung disease (ILD) (p<0.001). Scleroderma renal crisis was more frequent in the ARA group (p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, ACA were associated with female gender and were protective for dcSSc and ILD. ATA were found to be protective for lcSSc and they were independently associated with interstitial reticular pattern. ARA positivity was independently associated with dcSSc. We did not find differences in mortality between the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: In Spanish SSc patients, the presence of SSc specific antibodies conferred a distinctive clinical profile.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/análise , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Centrômero/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , RNA Polimerase III/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade
10.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 19(1): 135, 2017 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28615037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is one of the most relevant causes of death in systemic sclerosis. The aims of this study were to analyse the recently published DETECT algorithm comparing it with European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society (ESC/ERS) 2009 guidelines: as screening of PAH; (2) identifying median pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) ≥21 mmHg; and (3) determining any group of pulmonary hypertension (PH). METHODS: Eighty-three patients fulfilling LeRoy's systemic sclerosis diagnostic criteria with at least right heart catheterization were studied retrospectively. Clinical data, serological biomarkers, echocardiographic and hemodynamic features were collected. SPSS 20.0 was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: According to right heart catheterization findings, 35 patients with PAH and 28 with no PH met the standards for DETECT algorithm analysis: 27.0% of patients presented with functional class III/IV. Applying DETECT, the sensitivity was 100%, specificity 42.9%, the positive predictive value 68.6% and the negative predictive value 100%, whereas employing the ESC/ERS guidelines these were 91.4%, 85.7%, 88.9% and 89.3%, respectively. There were no missed diagnoses of PAH using DETECT compared with three patients missed (8.5%) using ESC/ERS guidelines. The DETECT algorithm also showed greater sensitivity and negative predictive value to identify patients with mPAP ≥21 mmHg or with any type of PH. CONCLUSIONS: The DETECT algorithm is confirmed as an excellent screening method due to its high sensitivity and negative predictive value, minimizing missed diagnosis of PAH. DETECT would be accurate either for early diagnosis of borderline mPAP or any group of PH.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Diagnóstico Precoce , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
11.
Autoimmun Rev ; 16(8): 796-802, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28564618

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: According to the existence of subclinical organ involvement pre-scleroderma should be divided into two subsets: very early and early disease. Pre-scleroderma patients included in the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE) Cohort were reclassified into subsets. Differences were evaluated and the risk of progression to definite systemic sclerosis was estimated. METHODS: The characteristics of very early and early SSc patients were compared. A logistic regression model was used to determine the risk factors of progression. RESULTS: 1632 patients were included, 36 (2.2%) in the very early subset and 111 (6.8%) in the early subset. There were no differences in sex, age at disease onset, duration of Raynaud's phenomenon, antinuclear antibodies or capillaroscopic findings. Three (8.3%) very early SSc patients evolved to definite SSc, 2 (5.6%) of them meeting the ACR/EULAR 2013 criteria, unlike 31 (28%) early SSc patients, 20 (24%) of them meeting the criteria (p=0.034). Digestive involvement was an independent risk factor of progression (OR 17; 95% CI, 6.1-47.2). CONCLUSIONS: The classification of early forms of scleroderma identifies patients with different prognostic risk of progression. The evolution to definite SSc is more frequent in early than in very early SSc patients. Digestive involvement is a risk factor of progression. An active assessment of organ damage in preclinical stages allows a correct classification and risk stratification, with implications for monitoring and treatment.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Angioscopia Microscópica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Doença de Raynaud/epidemiologia , Doença de Raynaud/imunologia , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Autoimmun Rev ; 16(5): 461-468, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28285170

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Emerging data have shown an increased risk of malignancy among patients diagnosed with systemic sclerosis (SSc) so identification of risk factors linking both disorders might have prognostic implications. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and treatment-related risk factors for cancer in a single-center cohort of patients with SSc. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, capillaroscopic, immunological and treatment-related data from 432 consecutive SSc patients were retrospectively analyzed. Variables that reached significant association in the univariate analysis were entered into a logistic regression in order to identify independent risk factors for cancer. RESULTS: Malignancy was diagnosed in 53 patients (12.2%). Fifty-eight neoplasms were identified, among which breast (n=15), lung (n=10) and hematologic (n=9) malignancies were the most prevalent. In 19 patients the diagnosis of both scleroderma and tumour was made in <3years apart. Cancer significantly decreased the probability of survival (OR=2.61; 95%CI 1.46-4.69; p=0.001). No association with age, sex, smoking, cutaneous subset or RNA polymerase-III antibodies was found. However, risk of cancer was directly associated with the presence of anti-PM/Scl antibodies (OR=3.90; 95%CI 1.31-11.61; p=0.014), and inversely related to aspirin use (OR=0.33; 95%CI 0.12-0.90; p=0.031), which remained as independent risk factors for cancer on multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: PM/Scl antibodies seem to be associated with a higher risk of cancer in scleroderma. In contrast, the use of aspirin is related to a lower risk of cancer in our series. More studies are needed to ascertain the role of anti PM/Scl antibodies and aspirin in the development of malignancy among patients with SSc.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia
14.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35 Suppl 106(4): 40-47, 2017 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28229826

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the changes in the pattern of death of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) throughout 20 years. METHODS: Data were collected from the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE), retrospective multicentre database from 1990 to 2009. SSc-related and SSc-non related causes of death were assessed. RESULTS: 987 patients were recruited. Overall standardised mortality ratio (SMR) was 2.34 (2.24-2.44). SSc-related causes of death were responsible of 72% of all deaths of those patients diagnosed within 1990-99 vs. 48% within 2000-09 (p=0.006). Relative pulmonary death rate was stable over time (68.1% within 1990-99 vs. 63.9% within 2000-09, p=0.815). Relative renal death rate was decreasing over time (17% within 1990-99 vs. 5.5% within 2000-09, p=0.175). Heart distribution tripled its ratio (12.8% within 1990-99 vs. 30.6% within 2000-09, p=0.058). CONCLUSIONS: SSc-related causes of death were decreasing over time and, among them, pulmonary involvement was the leading cause of death in both decades. The ratio of renal causes decreased since 1990 at the time that the ratio of cardiac causes increased.


Assuntos
Sistema de Registros , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espanha/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Rheumatol Int ; 37(1): 75-84, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26497313

RESUMO

Cardiac involvement (CI) is a known complication of SSc associated with increased mortality. Our objective was to describe a cohort of patients with SSc and CI and to assess the differences between cutaneous subsets regarding their presentation and survival. Three hundred and ninety-three Spanish patients from a single center, diagnosed with SSc, were retrospectively studied for evidence of CI using noninvasive and invasive tests from 1976 to 2011. Clinical, epidemiological, immunological and therapeutic features of patients with CI were compared to those without it and within the different cutaneous subsets of SSc. CI was present in 173 (44 %) patients. Mitral regurgitation (67 %), conduction alterations (45 %) and left ventricle diastolic dysfunction (40 %) were the most common findings. Pericardial involvement and heart failure were more frequent in diffuse SSc (dcSSc) than in limited or sine scleroderma SSc. CI accounted for 20 % of deaths, and it was an independent mortality risk factor (HR 2.1, P = 0.02), but once CI was established, classical dcSSc mortality risk factors determined mortality. Patients with dcSSc developed CI faster than limited (HR 1.9, P = 0.003) or sine SSc patients (HR 2.5, P = 0.002), specially during the first year after SSc onset. We found statistically significant differences between the 3 SSc subsets in the presentation of pericardial involvement and heart failure. CI increased the mortality and appeared at a higher rate, especially during the first year after SSc onset. Screening for heart involvement should be performed at diagnosis and during follow-up.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/etiologia , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Angioscopia Microscópica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Espanha , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 20(10): 1582-1592, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27943614

RESUMO

AIM: To describe the clinical characteristics, treatment and outcome of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) developing severe pericardial effusion or cardiac tamponade. METHODS: SSc patients with severe pericardial effusion or cardiac tamponade from three Spanish hospitals were collected. In addition, a computer-assisted (PubMed, MEDLINE) search of the literature to identify all cases of cardiac tamponade or severe pericardial effusion associated with SSc reported in English, French and Spanish from 1987 through September 2015 was performed. RESULTS: We included 40 patients (nine cases from the Spanish hospitals and 31 cases from the literature review). Most patients (87%) were female with a mean age at pericardial involvement of 49.3 ± 15.2 years (range: 18-80 years), and 22 (55%) patients had the diffuse cutaneous subtype. Twenty-five (63%) patients presented with cardiac tamponade and the remaining 15 (37%) as severe or massive pericardial effusion. Pericardial involvement was previous or simultaneous to SSc diagnosis in 13 (32.5%) cases. In most cases (88.9%) pericardial fluid analysis disclosed an exudate. Half the patients received steroids and 35% needed surgical treatment. Five (12.5%) patients died due to cardiac tamponade, three of them during the acute phase and the remaining two, 2 and 9 months later, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Although cardiac tamponade or severe pericardial effusion is an infrequent complication in SSc patients, it can be the first manifestation of disease associated with the diffuse cutaneous subset. No specific treatment for this complication is known.


Assuntos
Tamponamento Cardíaco/etiologia , Derrame Pericárdico/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Tamponamento Cardíaco/diagnóstico , Tamponamento Cardíaco/mortalidade , Tamponamento Cardíaco/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pericárdico/diagnóstico , Derrame Pericárdico/mortalidade , Derrame Pericárdico/terapia , Técnicas de Janela Pericárdica , Pericardiocentese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/terapia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espanha , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 46(2): 200-8, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27312381

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Digital ulcers (DU) are the most common vascular complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc). We compared the characteristics between patients with prior or current DU with those never affected and evaluated whether a history of DU may be a predictor of vascular, organ involvement, and/or death in patients with SSc. METHODS: Data from SSc patients with or without prior or current DU were collected by 19 referral centers in an ongoing registry of Spanish SSc patients, named Registro de ESCLErodermia (RESCLE). Demographics, organ involvement, autoimmunity features, nailfold capillary pattern, survival time, and causes of death were analyzed to identify DU related characteristics and survival of the entire series and according to the following cutaneous subsets-diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc), limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc), and SSc sine scleroderma (ssSSc). RESULTS: Out of 1326, 552 patients enrolled in the RESCLE registry had prior or current DU, 88% were women, the mean age was 50 ± 16 years, and the mean disease duration from first SSc symptom was 7.6 ± 9.6 years. Many significant differences were observed in the univariate analysis between patients with and without prior/current DU. Multivariate analysis identified that history of prior/current DU in patients with SSc was independently associated to younger age at SSc diagnosis, diffuse cutaneous SSc, peripheral vascular manifestations such Raynaud's phenomenon, telangiectasia, and acro-osteolysis but no other vascular features such as pulmonary arterial hypertension or scleroderma renal crisis. DU was also associated to calcinosis cutis, interstitial lung disease, as well as worse survival. Multivariate analysis performed in the cutaneous subsets showed that prior/current DU were independently associated: (1) in dcSSc, to younger age at SSc diagnosis, presence of telangiectasia and calcinosis and rarely a non-SSc pattern on nailfold capillaroscopy; (2) in lcSSc, to younger age at SSc diagnosis, presence of Raynaud's phenomenon as well as calcinosis cutis, interstitial lung disease, and higher incidence of death from all causes; and (3) in ssSSc, to younger age at first SSc symptom and greater incidence of death from all causes. CONCLUSIONS: Digital ulcers develop in patients with SSc younger at diagnosis, mainly in patients with dcSSc and lcSSc, and they are associated to other peripheral vascular manifestations such as Raynaud's phenomenon, telangiectasia, and acro-osteolysis but also to calcinosis, and interstitial lung disease. History of DU in SSc leads to worse survival, also noticeable for lcSSc and ssSSc subsets but not for dcSSc patients.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Úlcera Cutânea/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Angioscopia Microscópica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Úlcera Cutânea/mortalidade , Úlcera Cutânea/fisiopatologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Clin Rheumatol ; 35(9): 2339-45, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27107755

RESUMO

This study aims to evaluate the utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess interstitial lung disease (ILD) extent in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Patients with SSc and varying degrees of ILD with a high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), pulmonary function tests (PFTs), and a chest MRI containing an ultrafast SE sequence performed less than 1 year apart were included in the study. Wells global disease extent and Goh's staging algorithm were used to measure and categorize ILD both for MRI and HRCT. Correlation and diagnostic performance of MRI compared with HRCT and PFTs were calculated. Eighteen SSc patients were studied. MRI showed a good performance to detect ILD (AUC = 0.96) and was correlated with forced vital capacity (r = -0.60, p = 0.01), diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (r = -0.79, p = 0.04), and also with HRCT (r = 0.85, p < 0.001), but MRI extent values were consistently lower than HRCT and, thus, not directly comparable. Goh's algorithm using HRCT and transformed to be used with MRI showed a good agreement (kappa = 0.73, p < 0.001) and MRI-measured ILD extent presented good intra-observer (ICC = 0.86) and inter-observer (ICC = 0.90) reliability. In SSc patients, MRI proved to be a good technique to detect and categorize ILD extent compared with HRCT, suggesting that it may be a valuable x-ray sparing technique for selected cases.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Tórax/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Algoritmos , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
20.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 146(1): 8-15, ene. 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-147353

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: La cirrosis biliar primaria (CBP) se asocia a algunas enfermedades autoinmunes sistémicas (EAS), en particular a la esclerosis sistémica (ES. Determinar la prevalencia de EAS en una cohorte de pacientes con CBP, específicamente la ES y sus diferentes subtipos clínicos, y establecer el perfil clínico-biológico propio de estos pacientes. Métodos: Estudio observacional de 62 pacientes con CBP, con un protocolo que incluía una anamnesis y exploración física dirigidas a detectar una EAS, la realización de una capilaroscopia ungueal microscópica y un amplio estudio de autoinmunidad, incluido el perfil de anticuerpos específicos de ES. Se realizó un análisis comparativo entre el grupo de pacientes con CBP aislada y los pacientes con CBP y una EAS asociada. Resultados: Se asoció una EAS en 22 pacientes (35,4%), y la ES fue la entidad más frecuente (21%), del subtipo cutáneo limitado (11%). Cinco pacientes (8%) sin EAS previa cumplían criterios de preesclerodermia, según los criterios de LeRoy y Medsger. Los anticuerpos anticentrómero (54,5 vs. 5%, p < 0,001) fueron el único parámetro inmunológico identificado con mayor frecuencia en pacientes con EAS. El patrón capilar sugestivo de ES se visualizó en 11 pacientes (20,4%). No se identificaron factores asociados a mayor morbimortalidad en ningún grupo. Conclusiones: Existe un subgrupo de pacientes con CBP con características clínico-biológicas que sugieren la asociación con una EAS, con elevada probabilidad, y que recomiendan el estudio protocolizado de estos pacientes con CBP para detectar de forma precoz EAS (AU)


Background and objectives: Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is associated to any systemic autoimmune disease (SAD), in particular systemic sclerosis (SSc). To investigate the prevalence of SAD in a cohort of patients with PBC, specifically the prevalence of SSc and its clinical subtypes, and determining the clinical and biological profile of patients with associated PBC and SSc. Methods: Observational study of 62 patients with PBC following a protocol that included an anamnesis and physical examination to detect the presence of SAD as well as a nailfold capillaroscopy and an immunological study with specific SSc autoantibodies. A comparative analysis was conducted between patients with isolated PBC and patients with PBC and an associated SAD. Results: SAD was associated to PBC in 22 patients (35,4%), and SSc was the most frequent illness, identified in 13 cases (21%). Five patients (8%) without previous diagnosis of SAD fulfilled pre-scleroderma criteria, according to LeRoy and Medsger criteria. The presence of anticentromere antibodies (54,5% vs. 5%,P < .001) was the unique immunological determination identified more frequently in patients with PBC-SAD. The SSc suggestive capillary pattern was visualized in 11 patients (20,4%), mainly the slow pattern. No factors associated with greater morbi-mortality were identified in the PBC-SAD group. Conclusions: It does exist a subgroup of patients with PBC and clinical-biological features suggestive of an SAD, which advise a protocolized study to detect early the association to an SAD (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/complicações , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/epidemiologia , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/imunologia , Prognóstico , Ductos Biliares Extra-Hepáticos/imunologia , Ductos Biliares Extra-Hepáticos/patologia , Autoimunidade/imunologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Anamnese/métodos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Protocolos Clínicos , Dedos/microbiologia , Dedos/patologia , Dedos , Autoanticorpos , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo/métodos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA