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1.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 33(8): E619-E627, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34170842

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of using vascular closure devices (VCDs) in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for left main coronary artery disease (LM-CAD). BACKGROUND: VCDs provide rapid hemostasis for patients undergoing PCI with transfemoral access (TFA); however, the safety and efficacy of VCDs continues to be debated. METHODS: We analyzed data from the EXCEL trial in patients with LM-CAD in whom PCI was performed via TFA with vs without VCD. The primary endpoint was a composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke. Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 2-5 bleeding at 30 days was also assessed. Propensity-score matching analysis was used. RESULTS: Among 694 patients with LM-CAD undergoing TFA-PCI, 423 (61.0%) received VCDs (collagen plug, 320 [75.7%]; suture mediated, 55 [13.0%]; others, 48 [11.3%]). Patients with and without VCD use had similar 30-day rates of BARC type 2-5 bleeding (5.0% vs 6.7%, respectively; P=.30) and BARC type 3-5 bleeding (2.1% vs 3.7%, respectively; P=.20). There were no significant differences in the rates of death, MI, or stroke in patients with and without VCD use at 30 days (4.7% vs 4.1%, respectively; P=.74) or at 5 years (20.3% vs 24.2%, respectively; P=.16). These results were similar after adjustment. CONCLUSION: In the EXCEL trial, LM-CAD PCI via TFA using VCD was associated with similar 30-day rates of bleeding and comparable early and late major adverse cardiovascular events compared with manual compression.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Dispositivos de Oclusão Vascular , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 97(5): 766-773, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32181569

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We compared the effect of bivalirudin or heparin and use or nonuse of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPI) on the outcome of left main coronary artery (LMCA) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the randomized EXCEL trial. BACKGROUND: The optimal antithrombotic regimen to support PCI of the LMCA remains controversial because of low representation of this subset in clinical trials. METHODS: The PCI cohort (n = 928) in EXCEL was divided according to bivalirudin versus heparin antithrombin treatment and compared for the primary composite endpoint of death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke at 30 days and 5 years. RESULTS: Bivalirudin was used in 319 patients (34.4%). The composite endpoint at 30 days occurred in 7.2% versus 3.8% bivalirudin and heparin patients, respectively, p = .02; at 5 years, the composite endpoint occurred in 26.3% versus 19.9% bivalirudin and heparin patients, respectively, p = .02. Major bleeding was more frequent in bivalirudin patients (4.1% versus 1.3%, p = .008). There were no differences in stent thrombosis between the groups. Bivalirudin use was an independent predictor of the 30-day composite endpoint (OR 2.88, 95% CI 1.28-6.48, p = .01) but not of the 5-year composite endpoint (OR 1.30, 95% CI 0.84-2.02, p = .23). GPI use was infrequent (n = 67, 7.2%) and was not associated with adverse outcomes. CONCLUSION: Among patients undergoing LMCA PCI in the EXCEL trial, procedural use of bivalirudin was associated with greater rates of periprocedural MI and the 30-day composite endpoint without reducing bleeding complications. Five-year outcomes were similar. GPIs were used infrequently and were not associated with clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Fibrinolíticos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Vasos Coronários , Quimioterapia Combinada , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
EuroIntervention ; 17(5): e380-e387, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32863243

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In-stent restenosis (ISR) is highly prevalent and leads to repeat revascularisation. Long-term implications of ISR are poorly understood. AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ISR. METHODS: National Cardiovascular Data Registry CathPCI records for individuals aged ≥65 years undergoing PCI from July 2009 to December 2014 were linked to Medicare claims. Baseline characteristics and long-term rates of death, myocardial infarction (MI), repeat revascularisation including target vessel revascularisation (TVR), and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) were compared between ISR PCI versus de novo lesion PCI. RESULTS: Of 653,304 individuals, 10.2% underwent ISR PCI and 89.8% underwent de novo lesion PCI. The median duration of follow-up was 825 days (quartile 1: 352 days-quartile 3: 1,379 days). The frequency of MACCE (55.6% vs 45.0%; p<0.001), all-cause mortality (27.8% vs 25.5%; p<0.001), MI (19.0% vs 12.3%; p<0.001), repeat revascularisation (31.9% vs 18.6%; p<0.001), TVR (22.4% vs 8.0%; p<0.001), and stroke (8.8% vs 8.3%; p=0.005) was higher after ISR PCI. After multivariable adjustment, ISR PCI remained associated with worse long-term outcomes than after de novo lesion PCI (hazard ratio [HR] for MACCE 1.24 [95% CI: 1.22, 1.26], mortality 1.07 [95% CI: 1.05, 1.09], MI 1.44 [95% CI: 1.40, 1.48], repeat revascularisation 1.55 [95% CI: 1.51, 1.59], and TVR 2.50 [95% CI: 2.42, 2.58]). CONCLUSIONS: ISR PCI was common and was associated with a significantly higher risk of recurrent long-term major ischaemic events compared to patients undergoing de novo lesion PCI. There remains a need for new strategies to minimise ISR.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Reestenose Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Reestenose Coronária/epidemiologia , Reestenose Coronária/terapia , Humanos , Medicare , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
5.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 76(14): 1609-1621, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Varying definitions of procedural myocardial infarction (PMI) are in widespread use. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the rates and clinical relevance of PMI using different definitions in patients with left main coronary artery disease randomized to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery in the EXCEL (Evaluation of XIENCE versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization) trial. METHODS: The pre-specified protocol definition of PMI (PMIProt) required a large elevation of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), with identical threshold for both procedures. The Third Universal Definition of MI (types 4a and 5) (PMIUD) required lesser biomarker elevations but with supporting evidence of myocardial ischemia, different after PCI and CABG. For the PMIUD, troponins were used preferentially (available in 49.5% of patients), CK-MB otherwise. The multivariable relationship between each PMI type and 5-year mortality was determined. RESULTS: PMIProt occurred in 34 of 935 (3.6%) patients after PCI and 56 of 923 (6.1%) patients after CABG (difference -2.4%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -4.4% to -0.5%; p = 0.015). The corresponding rates of PMIUD were 37 (4.0%) and 20 (2.2%), respectively (difference 1.8%; 95% CI: 0.2% to 3.4%; p = 0.025). Both PMIProt and PMIUD were associated with 5-year cardiovascular mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 2.18 [95% CI: 1.13 to 4.23] and 2.87 [95% CI: 1.44 to 5.73], respectively). PMIProt was associated with a consistent hazard of cardiovascular mortality after both PCI and CABG (pinteraction = 0.86). Conversely, PMIUD was strongly associated with cardiovascular mortality after CABG (adjusted HR: 11.94; 95% CI: 4.84 to 29.47) but not after PCI (adjusted HR: 1.14; 95% CI: 0.35 to 3.67) (pinteraction = 0.004). Results were similar for all-cause mortality and with varying PMIUD biomarker definitions. Only large biomarker elevations (CK-MB ≥10× upper reference limit and troponin ≥70× upper reference limit) were associated with mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The rates of PMI after PCI and CABG vary greatly with different definitions. In the EXCEL trial, the pre-specified PMIProt was associated with similar hazard after PCI and CABG, whereas PMIUD was strongly associated with mortality after CABG but not after PCI. (EXCEL Clinical Trial [EXCEL]; NCT01205776).


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/tendências , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/tendências , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Mortalidade/tendências , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Revascularização Miocárdica/efeitos adversos , Revascularização Miocárdica/tendências , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(3): 375-387, 2020 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954680

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and impact on mortality of repeat revascularization after index percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD). BACKGROUND: The impact on mortality of the need of repeat revascularization following PCI or CABG in patients with unprotected LMCAD is unknown. METHODS: All patients with LMCAD and site-assessed low or intermediate SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) scores randomized to PCI (n = 948) or CABG (n = 957) in the EXCEL (Evaluation of XIENCE Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization) trial were included. Repeat revascularization events were adjudicated by an independent clinical events committee. The effect of repeat revascularization on mortality through 3-year follow-up was examined in time-varying Cox regression models. RESULTS: During 3-year follow-up, there were 346 repeat revascularization procedures among 185 patients. PCI was associated with higher rates of any repeat revascularization (12.9% vs. 7.6%; hazard ratio: 1.73; 95% confidence interval: 1.28 to 2.33; p = 0.0003). Need for repeat revascularization was independently associated with increased risk for 3-year all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio: 2.05; 95% confidence interval: 1.13 to 3.70; p = 0.02) and cardiovascular mortality (adjusted hazard ratio: 4.22; 95% confidence interval: 2.10 to 8.48; p < 0.0001) consistently after both PCI and CABG (pint = 0.85 for both endpoints). Although target vessel revascularization and target lesion revascularization were both associated with an increased risk for mortality, target vessel non-target lesion revascularization and non-target vessel revascularization were not. CONCLUSIONS: In the EXCEL trial, repeat revascularization during follow-up was performed less frequently after CABG than PCI and was associated with increased mortality after both procedures. Reducing the need for repeat revascularization may further improve long-term survival after percutaneous or surgical treatment of LMCAD. (EXCEL Clinical Trial; NCT01205776).


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Reoperação/mortalidade , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
EuroIntervention ; 16(12): e982-e988, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793882

RESUMO

AIMS: Limited data exist regarding procedural and clinical outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with trifurcation disease of the distal left main (LM) coronary artery. We therefore aimed to examine the procedural methods and early and late outcomes among patients undergoing distal LM trifurcation versus bifurcation PCI in the EXCEL trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with distal LM bifurcation disease randomised to PCI with everolimus-eluting stents in the EXCEL trial were categorised into those with and without trifurcation involvement. Angiographic and procedural characteristics in addition to clinical events up to five-year follow-up after PCI were compared. Among 605 patients with site-reported distal LM disease, 61 patients (10.1%) were identified with trifurcation anatomy. The five-year primary composite endpoint of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke occurred in 16.6% of patients with trifurcation disease compared with 22.5% of patients with distal bifurcation disease only (p=0.32). Ischaemia-driven target lesion revascularisation rates were also similar (11.9% vs 12.0%, p=0.94). No significant differences in definite or probable stent thrombosis were observed between treatment groups (1.7% vs 2.3%, p=0.76). CONCLUSIONS: Despite the greater inherent complexity, procedural and long-term clinical outcomes following PCI of distal LM trifurcations with everolimus-eluting stents in a modest-sized cohort from the EXCEL trial were similar compared with treatment of distal LM bifurcation disease without trifurcations. These findings support PCI as a treatment strategy for selected patients with distal LM trifurcation disease. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01205776.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
N Engl J Med ; 381(19): 1820-1830, 2019 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long-term outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with contemporary drug-eluting stents, as compared with coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG), in patients with left main coronary artery disease are not clearly established. METHODS: We randomly assigned 1905 patients with left main coronary artery disease of low or intermediate anatomical complexity (according to assessment at the participating centers) to undergo either PCI with fluoropolymer-based cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stents (PCI group, 948 patients) or CABG (CABG group, 957 patients). The primary outcome was a composite of death, stroke, or myocardial infarction. RESULTS: At 5 years, a primary outcome event had occurred in 22.0% of the patients in the PCI group and in 19.2% of the patients in the CABG group (difference, 2.8 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.9 to 6.5; P = 0.13). Death from any cause occurred more frequently in the PCI group than in the CABG group (in 13.0% vs. 9.9%; difference, 3.1 percentage points; 95% CI, 0.2 to 6.1). In the PCI and CABG groups, the incidences of definite cardiovascular death (5.0% and 4.5%, respectively; difference, 0.5 percentage points; 95% CI, -1.4 to 2.5) and myocardial infarction (10.6% and 9.1%; difference, 1.4 percentage points; 95% CI, -1.3 to 4.2) were not significantly different. All cerebrovascular events were less frequent after PCI than after CABG (3.3% vs. 5.2%; difference, -1.9 percentage points; 95% CI, -3.8 to 0), although the incidence of stroke was not significantly different between the two groups (2.9% and 3.7%; difference, -0.8 percentage points; 95% CI, -2.4 to 0.9). Ischemia-driven revascularization was more frequent after PCI than after CABG (16.9% vs. 10.0%; difference, 6.9 percentage points; 95% CI, 3.7 to 10.0). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with left main coronary artery disease of low or intermediate anatomical complexity, there was no significant difference between PCI and CABG with respect to the rate of the composite outcome of death, stroke, or myocardial infarction at 5 years. (Funded by Abbott Vascular; EXCEL ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01205776.).


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia , Razão de Chances , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
9.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 73(13): 1616-1628, 2019 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30947913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The randomized EXCEL (Evaluation of XIENCE versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization) trial reported a similar rate of the 3-year composite primary endpoint of death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke in patients with left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) and site-assessed low or intermediate SYNTAX scores treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Whether these results are consistent in high-risk patients with diabetes, who have fared relatively better with CABG in most prior trials, is unknown. OBJECTIVES: In this pre-specified subgroup analysis from the EXCEL trial, the authors sought to examine the effect of diabetes in patients with LMCAD treated with PCI versus CABG. METHODS: Patients (N = 1,905) with LMCAD and site-assessed low or intermediate CAD complexity (SYNTAX scores ≤32) were randomized 1:1 to PCI with everolimus-eluting stents versus CABG, stratified by the presence of diabetes. The primary endpoint was the rate of a composite of all-cause death, stroke, or MI at 3 years. Outcomes were examined in patients with (n = 554) and without (n = 1,350) diabetes. RESULTS: The 3-year composite primary endpoint was significantly higher in diabetic compared with nondiabetic patients (20.0% vs. 12.9%; p < 0.001). The rate of the 3-year primary endpoint was similar after treatment with PCI and CABG in diabetic patients (20.7% vs. 19.3%, respectively; hazard ratio: 1.03; 95% confidence interval: 0.71 to 1.50; p = 0.87) and nondiabetic patients (12.9% vs. 12.9%, respectively; hazard ratio: 0.98; 95% confidence interval: 0.73 to 1.32; p = 0.89). All-cause death at 3 years occurred in 13.6% of PCI and 9.0% of CABG patients (p = 0.046), although no significant interaction was present between diabetes status and treatment for all-cause death (p = 0.22) or other endpoints, including the 3-year primary endpoint (p = 0.82) or the major secondary endpoints of death, MI, or stroke at 30 days (p = 0.61) or death, MI, stroke, or ischemia-driven revascularization at 3 years (p = 0.65). CONCLUSIONS: In the EXCEL trial, the relative 30-day and 3-year outcomes of PCI with everolimus-eluting stents versus CABG were consistent in diabetic and nondiabetic patients with LMCAD and site-assessed low or intermediate SYNTAX scores.(Evaluation of XIENCE versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization [EXCEL]; NCT01205776).


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Complicações do Diabetes/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Complicações do Diabetes/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Eur Heart J ; 40(24): 1930-1941, 2019 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30919909

RESUMO

AIMS: The prognostic implications of periprocedural myocardial infarction (PMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remain controversial. We examined the 3-year rates of mortality among patients with and without PMI undergoing left main coronary artery intervention randomized to PCI with everolimus-eluting stents vs. CABG in the large-scale, multicentre, prospective, randomized EXCEL trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: By protocol, PMI was defined using an identical threshold for PCI and CABG [creatinine kinase-MB (CK-MB) elevation >10× the upper reference limit (URL) within 72 h post-procedure, or >5× URL with new Q-waves, angiographic vessel occlusion, or loss of myocardium on imaging]. Cox proportional hazards modelling was performed controlling for age, sex, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular ejection fraction, SYNTAX score, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A total of 1858 patients were treated as assigned by randomization. Periprocedural MI occurred in 34/935 (3.6%) of patients in the PCI group and 56/923 (6.1%) of patients in the CABG group [odds ratio 0.61, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.40-0.93; P = 0.02]. Periprocedural MI was associated with SYNTAX score, COPD, cross-clamp duration and total procedure duration, and not using antegrade cardioplegia. By multivariable analysis, PMI was associated with cardiovascular death and all-cause death at 3 years [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 2.63, 95% CI 1.19-5.81; P = 0.02 and adjusted HR 2.28, 95% CI 1.22-4.29; P = 0.01, respectively]. The effect of PMI was consistent for PCI and CABG for cardiovascular death (Pinteraction = 0.56) and all-cause death (Pinteraction = 0.59). Peak post-procedure CK-MB ≥10× URL strongly predicted mortality, whereas lesser degrees of myonecrosis were not associated with prognosis. CONCLUSION: In the EXCEL trial, PMI was more common after CABG than PCI, and was strongly associated with increased 3-year mortality after controlling for potential confounders. Only extensive myonecrosis (CK-MB ≥10× URL) was prognostically important.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/análise , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade/tendências , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Período Perioperatório/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
11.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(10): e007007, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30354633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Distal left main (LM) coronary artery bifurcation disease increases percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedural complexity and is associated with worse outcomes than isolated ostial/shaft disease. The optimal treatment strategy for distal LM disease is undetermined. We sought to determine whether outcomes after PCI of LM distal bifurcation lesions are influenced by treatment with a provisional 1-stent versus planned 2-stent technique, and if so, whether such differences are conditioned by the complexity of the LM bifurcation lesion. METHODS AND RESULTS: The clinical and angiographic characteristics, procedural methods and outcomes, and clinical events through 3-year follow-up were compared in patients undergoing distal LM PCI with a 1-stent provisional versus planned 2-stent technique in the EXCEL trial (Evaluation of XIENCE Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization). Among 529 patients undergoing planned distal LM PCI, 344 (65.0%) and 185 (35.0%) were treated with intended 1-stent provisional and planned 2-stent techniques, respectively. The primary composite end point rate of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke at 3 years was significantly lower in patients treated with the provisional 1-stent versus planned 2-stent method (14.1% versus 20.7%; adjusted hazard ratio, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.35-0.88; P=0.01), driven by differences in cardiovascular death (3.3% versus 8.3%, P=0.01) and myocardial infarction (7.7% versus 12.8%, P=0.06). The 3-year rate of ischemia-driven revascularization of the LM complex was also lower in the provisional group (7.2% versus 16.3%, P=0.001). In 342 patients with distal LM bifurcation disease that did not involve both major side branch vessels, the 3-year primary end point was lower with a provisional 1-stent versus planned 2-stent technique (13.8% versus 23.3%, P=0.04), whereas no significant difference was present in 182 patients with distal LM bifurcation disease that did involve both side branch vessels (14.3% versus 19.2%, P=0.36). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with distal LM bifurcation disease in the EXCEL trial randomized to PCI, 3-year adverse outcomes were worse with planned 2-stent treatment compared with a provisional 1-stent approach, a difference that was confined to patients without major involvement of both LM side branch vessels. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT01205776.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
12.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 72(7): 754-765, 2018 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30092952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal revascularization strategy for patients with left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the comparative effectiveness of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in patients with LMCAD and low or intermediate anatomical complexity according to baseline renal function from the multicenter randomized EXCEL (Evaluation of XIENCE Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization) trial. METHODS: CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 using the CKD Epidemiology Collaboration equation. Acute renal failure (ARF) was defined as a serum creatinine increase ≥5.0 mg/dl from baseline or a new requirement for dialysis. The primary composite endpoint was the composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke at 3-year follow-up. RESULTS: CKD was present in 361 of 1,869 randomized patients (19.3%) in whom baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate was available. Patients with CKD had higher 3-year rates of the primary endpoint compared with those without CKD (20.8% vs. 13.5%; hazard ratio [HR]: 1.60; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.22 to 2.09; p = 0.0005). ARF within 30 days occurred more commonly in patients with compared with those without CKD (5.0% vs. 0.8%; p < 0.0001), and was strongly associated with the 3-year risk of death, stroke, or MI (50.7% vs. 14.4%; HR: 4.59; 95% CI: 2.73 to 7.73; p < 0.0001). ARF occurred less commonly after revascularization with PCI compared with CABG both in patients with CKD (2.3% vs. 7.7%; HR: 0.28; 95% CI: 0.09 to 0.87) and in those without CKD (0.3% vs. 1.3%; HR: 0.20; 95% CI: 0.04 to 0.90; pinteraction = 0.71). There were no significant differences in the rates of the primary composite endpoint after PCI and CABG in patients with CKD (23.4% vs. 18.1%; HR: 1.25; 95% CI: 0.79 to 1.98) and without CKD (13.4% vs. 13.5%; HR: 0.97; 95% CI: 0.73 to 1.27; pinteraction = 0.38). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with CKD undergoing revascularization for LMCAD in the EXCEL trial had increased rates of ARF and reduced event-free survival. ARF occurred less frequently after PCI compared with CABG. There were no significant differences between PCI and CABG in terms of death, stroke, or MI at 3 years in patients with and without CKD. (EXCEL Clinical Trial [EXCEL]; NCT01205776).


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/tendências , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica/tendências , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/tendências , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(13): 1234-1243, 2018 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29976359

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) according to sex in a large randomized trial of patients with unprotected left main disease. BACKGROUND: In the SYNTAX (Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) trial, sex had a significant interaction effect with revascularization strategy, and women had an overall higher mortality when treated with PCI than CABG. METHODS: The EXCEL (Evaluation of XIENCE Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization) trial was a multinational randomized trial that compared PCI with everolimus-eluting stents and CABG in patients with unprotected left main disease. The primary endpoint was the composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke at 3 years. RESULTS: Of 1,905 patients randomized, 1,464 (76.9%) were men and 441 (23.1%) were women. Compared with men, women were older; had higher prevalence rates of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes; and were less commonly smokers but had lower coronary anatomic burden and complexity (mean SYNTAX score 24.2 vs. 27.2, p < 0.001). By multivariate analysis, sex was not independently associated with either the primary endpoint (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.10; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.82 to 1.48; p = 0.53) or all-cause death (HR: 1.39; 95% CI: 0.92 to 2.10; p = 0.12) at 3 years. At 30 days, all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke had occurred in 8.9% of woman treated with PCI, 6.2% of women treated with CABG, 3.6% of men treated with PCI, and 8.4% of men treated with CABG (p for interaction = 0.003). The 3-year rate of the composite primary endpoint was 19.7% in women treated with PCI, 14.6% in women treated with CABG, 13.8% in men treated with PCI, and 14.7% in men treated with CABG (p for interaction = 0.06). These differences were driven by higher periprocedural rates of myocardial infarction in women after PCI and in men after CABG. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with unprotected left main disease in the EXCEL trial, sex was not an independent predictor of adverse outcomes after revascularization. However, women undergoing PCI had a trend toward worse outcomes, a finding related to associated comorbidities and increased periprocedural complications. Further studies are required to determine the optimal revascularization modality in women with complex coronary artery disease.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Comorbidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/mortalidade , Feminino , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Circulation ; 137(5): 464-479, 2018 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29089314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) completely resorbs within 3 years after coronary artery implantation. The safety and effectiveness of BVS through this critical 3-year period have not been characterized. METHODS: We performed an individual-patient-data pooled meta-analysis of the 4 randomized ABSORB trials in which 3389 patients with coronary artery disease were randomly assigned to everolimus-eluting Absorb BVS (n=2164) or cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stents (n=1225). The primary efficacy outcome measure was target lesion failure (cardiac mortality, target vessel myocardial infarction, or ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization), and the primary safety outcome measure was device thrombosis. RESULTS: BVS compared with cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stents resulted in higher 3-year rates of target lesion failure (11.7% versus 8.1%; risk ratio [RR], 1.38; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10-1.73; P=0.006), driven by greater target vessel myocardial infarction (7.8% versus 4.2%; RR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.26-2.35; P=0.0006) and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization (6.6% versus 4.4%; RR, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.05-1.98; P=0.02), with comparable cardiac mortality (1.1% versus 1.1%; RR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.47-1.88; P=0.85). Device thrombosis rates through 3 years were also higher with BVS (2.4% versus 0.6%; RR, 3.71; 95% CI, 1.70-8.11; P=0.001). Between 1 and 3 years, target lesion failure rates (6.1% versus 3.9%; P=0.02) and device thrombosis rates (1.1% versus 0.0%; P<0.0001) were higher with BVS than cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stents. CONCLUSIONS: In the present individual-patient-data pooled meta-analysis of the ABSORB trials, BVS was associated with increased rates of target lesion failure and device thrombosis between 1 and 3 years and cumulatively through 3 years of follow-up compared with everolimus-eluting stents. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifiers: NCT01751906, NCT01844284, NCT01923740, and NCT01425281.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Trombose Coronária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Desenho de Prótese , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 70(25): 3113-3122, 2017 12 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29097293

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The EXCEL (Evaluation of Xience Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization) trial compared outcomes in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) treated with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using everolimus-eluting stents. Whereas rates of death, stroke, and myocardial infarction were similar at 36 months, event timing and repeat revascularization rates differed by treatment group. OBJECTIVES: To understand the effects of revascularization strategy from the patient's perspective, a prospective quality of life (QoL) substudy was performed alongside the EXCEL trial. METHODS: Between September 2010 and March 2014, 1,905 patients with LMCAD were randomized to undergo CABG or PCI, of whom 1,788 participated in the QoL substudy. QoL was assessed at baseline and 1, 12, and 36 months using the Seattle Angina Questionnaire, the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey, the Rose Dyspnea Scale, the Patient Health Questionnaire-8, and the EQ-5D. Differences between PCI and CABG were assessed using longitudinal random-effect growth curve models. RESULTS: Over 36 months, both PCI and CABG were associated with significant improvements in QoL compared with baseline. At 1 month, PCI was associated with better QoL than CABG. By 12 months though, these differences were largely attenuated, and by 36 months, there were no significant QoL differences between PCI and CABG. CONCLUSIONS: Among selected patients with LMCAD, both PCI and CABG result in similar QoL improvement through 36 months, although a greater early benefit is seen with PCI. Taken together with the 3-year clinical results of EXCEL, these findings suggest that PCI and CABG provide similar intermediate-term outcomes for patients with LMCAD. (Evaluation of Xience Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization [EXCEL]; NCT01205776).


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Estenose Coronária/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos , Everolimo/farmacologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico , Estenose Coronária/psicologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 10(16): 1607-1617, 2017 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28780034

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In this analysis of 2-year outcomes in the ADAPT-DES (Assessment of Dual AntiPlatelet Therapy with Drug-Eluting Stents) study, the authors sought to examine the independent associations between platelet reactivity to both aspirin and clopidogrel and subsequent outcomes. BACKGROUND: The relationship between platelet reactivity and long-term adverse events following implantation of drug-eluting stents (DES) has been incompletely characterized. METHODS: The ADAPT-DES study was a multicenter registry of patients undergoing routine platelet function testing following percutaneous coronary intervention with DES. The primary study endpoint was definite or probable stent thrombosis (ST); other endpoints were all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, and clinically relevant bleeding. RESULTS: A total of 8,582 patients were enrolled between 2008 and 2010; 46.3% of patients were on dual antiplatelet therapy at 2 years without discontinuation. At 2 years, definite or probable ST occurred in 92 patients (1.07%). In patients treated with dual antiplatelet therapy continuously for 2 years, high platelet reactivity on clopidogrel was independently associated with definite or probable ST (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 2.16; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.27 to 3.67; p = 0.003), myocardial infarction (adjusted HR: 1.35; 95% CI: 1.05 to 1.74; p = 0.02), freedom from clinically relevant bleeding (adjusted HR: 0.74; 95% CI: 0.62 to 0.90; p = 0.002), and all-cause mortality (adjusted HR: 1.36; 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.85; p = 0.04). Between years 1 and 2, high platelet reactivity was not associated with the very late ST and in patients on aspirin monotherapy, aspirin hyporesponsiveness was not associated with adverse outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: The present study confirms the strong relationship of high platelet reactivity on clopidogrel to 2-year ischemic and bleeding outcomes after DES. The majority of stent-related events occurred within the first year.


Assuntos
Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistência a Medicamentos , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Ticlopidina/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Clopidogrel , Trombose Coronária/etiologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Alemanha , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Testes de Função Plaquetária , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Ticlopidina/efeitos adversos , Ticlopidina/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
18.
Coron Artery Dis ; 28(1): 77-89, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27561169

RESUMO

Although current everolimus-eluting coronary stents have shown improved event-free survival within the first year following implantation compared with bare-metal stents or earlier generation drug-eluting stents, they remain associated with an ongoing risk for adverse outcomes (thrombosis, myocardial infarction, and restenosis) beyond 1 year at rates similar to those observed following bare-metal stent deployment. This ongoing very late hazard has been attributed to the permanent presence of the metal frame and/or polymer in these stents. The Absorb everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (Absorb BVS) has been developed to provide mechanical support and drug-delivery functions similar to metallic drug-eluting stents, followed by complete resorption with recovery of more normal vascular structure and function, thus avoiding the limitations associated with permanent metallic endovascular prostheses. Absorb BVS has shown safety and efficacy in the dedicated clinical trial development program of Abbott Vascular and in an array of investigator-sponsored studies involving a broad spectrum of clinical (patient) as well as coronary anatomic complexity. Longer-term evidence, largely limited to single-arm studies, appears to reflect durable safety and efficacy and suggests Absorb BVS to be an attractive therapeutic option. Interim evidence from a series of randomized-clinical trials (RCTs) comparing Absorb BVS with the Xience cobalt-chromium metallic everolimus-eluting stent has shown noninferiority of Absorb BVS with respect to target lesion failure (composite occurrence of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction, and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization) beyond the first year, with no statistically significant differences in other safety/efficacy measures. However, concerns do exist in terms of increased rates of scaffold thrombosis, the risk for which may be mitigated by improved patient and lesion selection, procedural technique, and device iteration. We provide an overview of the evolution of percutaneous coronary intervention, in-vivo characterization of Absorb BVS resorption, and a summary with a critical evaluation of available evidence from RCTs, pooled analyses, and meta-analyses of RCTs for the safety and efficacy of Absorb BVS obtained primarily following the treatment of noncomplex coronary lesions in patients with stable ischemic heart disease and/or stabilized acute coronary syndromes.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Estenose Coronária/etiologia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Desenho de Prótese , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
N Engl J Med ; 375(23): 2223-2235, 2016 12 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27797291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with obstructive left main coronary artery disease are usually treated with coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG). Randomized trials have suggested that drug-eluting stents may be an acceptable alternative to CABG in selected patients with left main coronary disease. METHODS: We randomly assigned 1905 eligible patients with left main coronary artery disease of low or intermediate anatomical complexity to undergo either percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with fluoropolymer-based cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stents (PCI group, 948 patients) or CABG (CABG group, 957 patients). Anatomic complexity was assessed at the sites and defined by a Synergy between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score of 32 or lower (the SYNTAX score reflects a comprehensive angiographic assessment of the coronary vasculature, with 0 as the lowest score and higher scores [no upper limit] indicating more complex coronary anatomy). The primary end point was the rate of a composite of death from any cause, stroke, or myocardial infarction at 3 years, and the trial was powered for noninferiority testing of the primary end point (noninferiority margin, 4.2 percentage points). Major secondary end points included the rate of a composite of death from any cause, stroke, or myocardial infarction at 30 days and the rate of a composite of death, stroke, myocardial infarction, or ischemia-driven revascularization at 3 years. Event rates were based on Kaplan-Meier estimates in time-to-first-event analyses. RESULTS: At 3 years, a primary end-point event had occurred in 15.4% of the patients in the PCI group and in 14.7% of the patients in the CABG group (difference, 0.7 percentage points; upper 97.5% confidence limit, 4.0 percentage points; P=0.02 for noninferiority; hazard ratio, 1.00; 95% confidence interval, 0.79 to 1.26; P=0.98 for superiority). The secondary end-point event of death, stroke, or myocardial infarction at 30 days occurred in 4.9% of the patients in the PCI group and in 7.9% in the CABG group (P<0.001 for noninferiority, P=0.008 for superiority). The secondary end-point event of death, stroke, myocardial infarction, or ischemia-driven revascularization at 3 years occurred in 23.1% of the patients in the PCI group and in 19.1% in the CABG group (P=0.01 for noninferiority, P=0.10 for superiority). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with left main coronary artery disease and low or intermediate SYNTAX scores by site assessment, PCI with everolimus-eluting stents was noninferior to CABG with respect to the rate of the composite end point of death, stroke, or myocardial infarction at 3 years. (Funded by Abbott Vascular; EXCEL ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01205776 .).


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos
20.
EuroIntervention ; 12(7): 861-72, 2016 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27639738

RESUMO

AIMS: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is the standard of care for revascularisation of patients with left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD). Recent studies have suggested that percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) may provide comparable outcomes in selected patients with LMCAD without extensive CAD. We therefore designed a trial to investigate whether PCI with XIENCE cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stents (CoCr-EES) would result in non-inferior or superior clinical outcomes to CABG in selected patients with LMCAD. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Evaluation of XIENCE versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization (EXCEL) trial is a prospective, open-label, multicentre, international study of 1,900 randomised subjects. Patients with significant LMCAD with a SYNTAX score ≤32 and local Heart Team consensus that the subject is appropriate for revascularisation by both PCI and CABG are consented and randomised 1:1 to undergo PCI using CoCr-EES or CABG. All patients undergo follow-up for five years. The primary endpoint is the three-year composite rate of death, stroke or myocardial infarction, assessed at a median follow-up of at least three years (with at least two-year follow-up in all patients), powered for sequential non-inferiority and superiority testing. CONCLUSIONS: The EXCEL study will define the contemporary roles of CABG and PCI using XIENCE CoCr-EES in patients with LMCAD disease with low and intermediate SYNTAX scores.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
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