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1.
Health Promot Pract ; : 1524839919829452, 2019 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30786777

RESUMO

Tobacco burden is significantly greater among those insured by Medicaid, with a smoking prevalence about twice as high as the national average (28% vs. 15%). Over the past decade, smoking prevalence among those insured by Medicaid has remained relatively unchanged while overall smoking prevalence in the United States and among other insurance groups decreased. This indicates need for targeting tobacco control strategies to those insured by Medicaid. In response, the Vermont Tobacco Control Program (VTCP) set out to implement best practice by making its Medicaid cessation benefit more comprehensive and raising awareness and use of the benefit to support members in quitting. The VTCP collaborated with its Medicaid and health department leadership to implement this initiative, learning and adapting processes along the way. The VTCP identified a framework and considerations for programs implementing best practice to expand access and utilization of cessation supports. Elements of success include collaboration, data sharing, and promotion. As a result, the VTCP created an infrastructure that increases access, awareness, and use of cessation supports among Medicaid members and providers. Between 2013 and 2017, the quit ratio among Vermont Medicaid members increased from 8% to 13% and the smoking rate decreased from 36% to 31%.

2.
J Sch Health ; 87(7): 489-497, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28580677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs) are school-based clubs that can contribute to a healthy school climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth. While positive associations between health behaviors and GSAs have been documented, less is known about how youth perceive GSAs. METHODS: A total of 58 LGBTQ youth (14-19 years old) mentioned GSAs during go-along interviews in 3 states/provinces in North America. These 446 comments about GSAs were thematically coded and organized using Atlas.ti software by a multidisciplinary research team. RESULTS: A total of 3 themes describe youth-perceived attributes of GSAs. First, youth identified GSAs as an opportunity to be members of a community, evidenced by their sense of emotional connection, support and belonging, opportunities for leadership, and fulfillment of needs. Second, GSAs served as a gateway to resources outside of the GSA, such as supportive adults and informal social locations. Third, GSAs represented safety. CONCLUSIONS: GSAs positively influence the physical, social, emotional, and academic well-being of LGBTQ young people and their allies. School administrators and staff are positioned to advocate for comprehensive GSAs. Study findings offer insights about the mechanisms by which GSAs benefit youth health and well-being.


Assuntos
Bissexualidade/psicologia , Heterossexualidade/psicologia , Relações Interpessoais , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Pessoas Transgênero/psicologia , Adolescente , Canadá , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Apoio Social , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
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