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1.
J Phys Chem A ; 123(23): 4948-4963, 2019 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088056

RESUMO

The effect of the anion size and electronegativity of halide-based anions (Cl-, Br-, I-, and BF4-) on the interionic interaction in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium-based ionic liquids (ILs) C2mim X (X = Cl, Br, I, and BF4) is studied by a combined approach of experiments (Raman, IR, UV-vis spectroscopy) and quantum chemical calculations. The fingerprint region of the Raman spectra of these C2mim X ion-pairs provides evidence of the presence of the conformational isomerism in the alkyl chain of the C2mim+ cation. The Raman and IR bands of the imidazolium C2-H stretch vibration for C2mim X (X = Cl, Br, I, and BF4) were noticeably blue-shifted with the systematic change in size of anions and the electronegativity. The observed blue shift in the C2-H stretch vibration follows the order C2mim BF4 > C2mim I > C2mim Br > C2mim Cl, which essentially indicates the strong hydrogen bonding in the C2mim Cl ion-pair. DFT calculations predict at least four configurations for the cation-anion interaction. On the basis of relative optimized energies and basis-set-superposition-error (BSSE) corrected binding energies for all ion-pair configurations, the most active site for the anion interaction was found at the C2H position of the cation. Besides information about the C2H position, our DFT results give insights into the anion interaction with the ethyl and methyl chain of the cation, which was also confirmed experimentally [ Chem. Commun. 2015 , 51 , 3193 ]. The anion interaction at the C2H site of the cation favors a planar geometry in C2mim X for X = Cl, Br, and I; however, for BF4, the system prefers a nonplanar geometry where the anion is located over the imidazolium ring. TD-DFT results were used to analyze the observed UV-vis absorption spectra in a more adequate way giving insights into the electronic structure of the ILs. Overall, a reasonable correlation between the observed and the DFT-predicted results is established.

2.
J Phys Chem B ; 123(18): 4004-4016, 2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30986056

RESUMO

The present work reports new insights into specific interactions in aqueous solutions of the ionic liquid (IL) 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethanesulfonate (C2mimTfO). A systematic investigation based on a combination of Raman spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) calculations shows evidence of self-encapsulation of the ionic moiety. Raman spectroscopy reveals preferred interactions between water molecules and the TfO- anions. The comparison of the experimental results with dispersion-corrected DFT calculations, which yield the predictions of the possible conformers of the cation-water, anion-water, and cation-anion-water structures, strongly supports the hypotheses of site-selective IL/water interactions. The obtained results allow for a detailed discussion of the nature and strength of the molecular interactions. It is shown that the TfO- anion establishes a preferred interaction with water, whereas the vibrational band at 3118 cm-1 for C-H motion at the C(2) position, the most acidic site for cation and anion interaction, does not indicate any specific energy shift, when adding water to the IL. This finding gives evidence for a self-protective microstructure of the molecules of C2mimTfO in an aqueous environment. In contrast to other ILs reported in the literature, there is no evidence of an increasing cation-anion distance in the IL ion-pair when increasing the water content. Instead, the C2mimTfO molecules undergo a perfect rearrangement, allowing interactions at other molecular sites with higher selectivity. A direct exposure to water at the cation-anion interacting site (C(2) position) is avoided. Ultimately, we show that clusters of ion-pair dimers solvated with water exhibit a more stable geometry compared to the hydrated single ion-pairs, and our calculations correctly reproduce the experimental findings.

3.
Front Microbiol ; 8: 1126, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28674526

RESUMO

Grape skin and turmeric extracts having the major components resveratrol and curcumin, respectively, were used for the induction of cryptic and bioactive metabolites in an endophytic fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides isolated from Syzygium cumini. The increase in total amount of crude compounds in grape skin and turmeric extract treated cultures was 272.48 and 174.32%, respectively, compared to the untreated control. Among six human pathogenic bacteria tested, the maximum inhibitory activity was found against Aeromonas hydrophila IMS/GN11 while no inhibitory activity was observed against Enterococcus faecalis IMS/GN7. The crude compounds derived from turmeric extract treated cultures showed the highest DPPH free radicals scavenging activity (86.46% inhibition) followed by compounds from grape skin treated cultures (11.80% inhibition) and the control cultures (1.92% inhibition). Both the treatments significantly (p ≤ 0.05) increased the antibacterial and antioxidant activities of crude metabolites compared to the control. HPLC profiling of crude compounds derived from grape skin and turmeric extract treated cultures revealed the presence of additional 20 and 14 cryptic compounds, respectively, compared to the control. These findings advocate the future use of such dietary components in induced production of cryptic and bioactive metabolites.

4.
Indian J Radiol Imaging ; 27(2): 148-151, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28744074

RESUMO

Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a malignant mesenchymal tumor arising from the embryonal muscle cells (rhabdomyoblasts), and is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children and young adults accounting for 4-6% of all malignancies in this age group. Though rare overall, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common malignancy arising in the pediatric female genitourinary tract with sarcoma botryoides being the most common variant of the tumor. In young and adolescent individuals, the cervix and uterus are affected; whereas in infants, vaginal lesions are more common. Imaging plays a crucial role not only in the initial diagnosis but also in long-term follow-up of genital RMS. We describe a rare case of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the vagina occurring in a 23-year-old female who presented with abnormal vaginal bleeding ever since she was a child.

5.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 3745, 2017 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28623306

RESUMO

Fungal endophytes were isolated from leaf, bark and stem of Tectona grandis Linn.f. sampled at four geographical locations in winter, summer and monsoon seasons. The recovered 5089 isolates were assigned to 45 distinct morphotypes based on morphology. The sequences of the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of the nrDNA of some morphotypes were identical, but morphological differences were strong enough to consider these morphotypes as separate species. Forty-three morphotypes were assigned to ascomycotina and two to basidiomycotina. Ascomycotina was the predominating group with 99.7% of total isolates followed by basidiomycotina with only 0.3% of total isolates. Diaporthe (Phomopsis) species dominated the communities independently on tissue type, location or season. More than 60% of the examined tissue pieces were colonized by members of this species complex. While these endophytes are ubiquitous others were tissue or location specific. Tissue type had the strongest effect on the species evenness of the endophytic assemblage followed by geographical location and season. However, Shannon-Wiener index (H') significantly (p ≤ 0.001) varied with all three factors i.e. season, location and tissue type. Leaves supported the highest diversity across all the seasons and locations. In conclusion, all the three factors together determined the structure of endophytic mycobiota assemblage of T. grandis.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Basidiomycota , Lamiaceae/microbiologia , Micobioma/fisiologia , Estações do Ano , Ascomicetos/isolamento & purificação , Ascomicetos/fisiologia , Basidiomycota/isolamento & purificação , Basidiomycota/fisiologia
6.
J Phys Chem A ; 120(31): 6274-86, 2016 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27429245

RESUMO

Quantum chemical theory (DFT and MP2) and vibrational spectroscopy (ATR-IR and Raman) were employed to investigate the electronic structure and molecular interactions in the room-temperature ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethanesulfonate. Various possible conformers of a cation-anion pair based on their molecular interactions were simulated in the gas phase. All the different theoretical (MP2, B3LYP, and the dispersion-corrected wB97XD) methods assume the same ion-pair conformation for the lowest energy state. Basis set superimpose error (BSSE) correction was also introduced by using the counterpoise method. Strong C-H···O interactions between the most acidic hydrogen atom of the cation imidazole ring (C2H) and the oxygen atom of the anion were predicted where the anion is located at the top of (C2H). In this case, methyl and alkyl groups also interact with the anion in the form of a C-H···O hydrogen bond. Interestingly, the dispersion-corrected methodology neglects the C4/C5-H···O and C-H···F interaction in the ion-pair calculations. The theoretical results were compared with the experimental observations from Raman scattering and ATR-IR absorption spectroscopy, and the predictions of the molecular interactions in the vibrational spectra were discussed. The wavenumber shifts of the characteristic vibrations relative to the free cation and anion are explained by estimating the geometric parameters as well as the difference in the natural bond orbital (NBO) charge density.

7.
Chemphyschem ; 17(19): 3040-3046, 2016 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27348288

RESUMO

Ionic liquids of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium ([BMIM]) cation with different anions (Cl- , Br- , I- , and BF4- ), and their aqueous mixtures were investigated by using Raman spectroscopy and dispersion-included density functional theory (DFT). The characteristic Raman bands at 600 and 624 cm-1 for two isomers of the butyl chain in the imidazolium cation showed significant changes in intensity for different anions as well as in aqueous solutions. The area ratio of these two bands followed the order I- >Br- >Cl- >BF4- (in terms of the anion X in [BMIM]X), indicating that the butyl chain of [BMIM]I tends to adopt the trans conformation. The butyl chain was found to adopt the gauche conformation upon dilution, irrespective of the anion type. The Raman bands in the butyl C-H stretch region for [BMIM]X (X=Cl- , Br- , and I- ) blueshifted significantly with the increase in the water concentration, whereas that for [BMIM]BF4 changed very little upon dilution. The blueshift in the C-H stretch region upon dilution also followed the order: [BMIM]I>[BMIM]Br>[BMIM]Cl>[BMIM]BF4 , the same order as the above trans conformation preference of the butyl chain in pure imidazolium ionic liquids, which suggested that the cation-anion interaction plays a role in determining the conformation of the chain.

8.
PLoS One ; 11(2): e0147876, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26844762

RESUMO

The endophytic Streptomyces coelicolor strain AZRA 37 was isolated from the surface sterilized root of Azadirachta indica A. Juss., commonly known as neem plant in India. Since only a few reports are available regarding epigenetic modulations of microbial entities, S. coelicolor was treated with different concentrations of 5-azacytidine for this purpose and evaluated for its antibacterial potential against five human pathogenic bacteria (Aeromonas hydrophila IMS/GN11, Enterococcus faecalis IMS/GN7, Salmonella typhi MTCC 3216, Shigella flexneri ATCC 12022 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923). The crude extract obtained from cultures treated with 25 µM concentration of 5-azacytidine, was found effective against all five pathogenic bacteria tested while the untreated control was only active against 3 pathogenic bacteria. HPLC analysis of crude compounds from treated cultures showed a greater number of compounds than that of the control. Extraction of whole cell protein and its SDS PAGE analysis showed an additional major protein band in 25 µM 5-azacytidine treated culture and MALDI TOF MS/MS analysis revealed that this protein belongs to the porin family.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/farmacologia , Epigênese Genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Streptomyces coelicolor/genética , Streptomyces coelicolor/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/biossíntese , Antibacterianos/química , Azacitidina/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/biossíntese , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Metabolismo Secundário , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Streptomyces coelicolor/classificação , Streptomyces coelicolor/efeitos dos fármacos , Streptomyces coelicolor/isolamento & purificação
9.
Nanoscale ; 7(47): 19985-20002, 2015 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26564987

RESUMO

Herein, we report a detailed experimental study supported by DFT calculations to understand the mechanism behind the synthesis of cefradine (CFD--an antibiotic) labeled gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) by employing CFD as both a mild reducing and capping agent. The analysis of the effect of growth conditions reveals that a higher concentration of HAuCl4 results in the formation of an increasing fraction of anisotropic structures, higher temperature leads to the formation of quasi-spherical particles instead of anisotropic ones, and larger pH leads to the formation of much smaller particles. The cyclic voltammetry (CV) results show that when the pH of the reaction medium increases from 4 to 6, the reduction potential of CFD increases which leads to the synthesis of nanoparticles (in a pH 4 reaction) to quantum clusters (in a pH 6 reaction). The MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry results of supernatant of the pH 6 reaction indicate the formation of [Au8(CFD)2S6] QCs which show fluorescence at ca. 432 nm with a Stokes shift of ca. 95 nm. The blue luminescence from Au8 QCs was applied for sensing of Hg(2+) ions on the basis of an aggregation-induced fluorescence quenching mechanism and offers good selectivity and a high sensitivity with a limit of detection ca. 2 nM which is lower than the detection requirement of 10 nM by the U.S. EPA and 30 nM by WHO for drinking water. We have also applied the sensing probe to detect Hg(2+) ions in bacterial samples. Further, we have investigated the antibacterial property of as-synthesized Au NPs using MIC, growth curve and cell survival assay. The results show that Au NPs could reduce the cell survival very efficiently rather than the cell growth in comparison to the antibiotic itself. The scanning electron microscopy study shows the degradation and blebbing of the bacterial cell wall upon exposure with Au NPs which was further supported by fluorescence microscopy results. These Au NPs did not show reactive oxygen species generation. We believe that the bacterial cytotoxicity is due to the direct contact of the Au NPs with bacterial cells.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Ouro/química , Mercúrio/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Acetatos/química , Anisotropia , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Cefradina/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Íons , Luminescência , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Estresse Oxidativo , Pontos Quânticos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/química , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Eletricidade Estática
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25985129

RESUMO

We report on the modes of inter-molecular interaction between adenine (Ade) and the amino acids: glycine (Gly), lysine (Lys) and arginine (Arg) using Raman spectroscopy of binary mixtures of adenine and each of the three amino acids at varying molar ratios in the spectral region 1550-550 cm(-1). We focused our attention on certain specific changes in the Raman bands of adenine arising due to its interaction with the amino acids. While the changes are less apparent in the Ade/Gly system, in the Ade/Lys or Ade/Arg systems, significant changes are observed, particularly in the Ade Raman bands that involve the amino group moiety and the N7 and N1 atoms of the purine ring. The ν(N1-C6), ν(N1-C2), δ(C8-H) and δ(N7-C8-N9) vibrations at 1486, 1332, 1253 and 948 cm(-1) show spectral changes on varying the Ade to amino acid molar ratio, the extent of variation being different for the three amino acids. This observation suggests a specific interaction mode between Ade and Lys or Arg, which is due to the hydrogen bonding. The measured spectral changes provide a clear indication that the interaction of Ade depends strongly on the structures of the amino acids, especially their side chains. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were carried out to elucidate the most probable interaction modes of Ade with the different amino acids.


Assuntos
Adenina/química , Aminoácidos/química , Modelos Moleculares , Teoria Quântica , Análise Espectral Raman , Conformação Molecular , Soluções , Termodinâmica , Vibração
11.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 123: 61-7, 2014 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25216919

RESUMO

Gefitinib (GF) is a US Food and Drug Administration-approved epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitor for treating the lung cancers. We fabricated colloidal gold nanoparticle (AuNP) conjugates of the GF anticancer drug by self-assembly to test their potency against A549, NCI-H460, and NCI-H1975 lung cancer cells. GF adsorption on AuNP surfaces was examined by UV-vis absorption spectra and surface-enhanced Raman scattering. Density functional theory calculations were performed to estimate the energetic stabilities of the drug-AuNP composites. The N1 nitrogen atom of the quinazoline ring of GF was calculated to be more stable than the N3 in binding Au cluster atoms. The internalizations of GF-coated AuNPs were examined by transmission electron and dark-field microscopy. A cell viability test of AuNP-GF conjugates with the EGFR antibody exhibited much higher reductions than free GF for A549, NCI-H460, and NCI-H1975 lung cancer cells after treatment for 48.


Assuntos
Coloide de Ouro/química , Membranas Artificiais , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Quinazolinas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores ErbB/química , Gefitinibe , Humanos , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Análise Espectral Raman
12.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 425: 96-101, 2014 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24776669

RESUMO

We investigated interfacial behaviors of erlotinib (EL) on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) by means of Raman spectroscopy. The adsorption reactions and structures of EL on AuNP surfaces were examined by UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). Density functional theory calculations were performed to estimate the energetic stabilities of the drug-AuNP composites. Among the binding units in EL, the acetylenic C≡C group was calculated to be the most strongly binding on the AuNP cluster atoms, consistent with the SERS spectra. The concentration-dependent SERS spectra indicated that ∼10(-5) M of EL exhibited the highest SERS signals. The attached EL appeared to desorb more efficiently with 2mM glutathione than with cell culture media. The lack of a strong SERS signal of EL in the dark-field microscopy images of AuNP-EL complexes suggested almost complete desorption of EL inside cells.


Assuntos
Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinazolinas/química , Adsorção , Cloridrato de Erlotinib , Análise Espectral Raman
13.
Appl Spectrosc ; 68(3): 307-14, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24666947

RESUMO

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) of an antifungal reagent, myclobutanil (MCB), was performed on Au and Ag nanoparticles (NPs) to estimate the drug-release behaviors in fungal cells. A density functional theory (DFT) calculation was introduced to predict a favorable binding site of MCB to either the Ag or Au atom. Myclobutanil was presumed to bind more strongly to Au than to Ag in their most stable, optimized geometries of the N4 atom in its 1,2,4-triazole unit binding to the metal atom. Strong intensities were observed in the Ag SERS spectra only at acidic pH values, whereas the most prominent peaks in the Au SERS spectra of MCB matched quite well with those of 1,2,4-triazole regardless of pH conditions. The Raman spectral intensities of the MCB-assembled Ag and Au NPs decreased after treatment with either potato dextrose agar (PDA) or glutathione (GSH). Darkfield microscopy and confocal SERS were performed to analyze the MCB-assembled metal NPs inside Penicillium digitatum fungal cells. The results suggested that MCB was released from the metal NPs in the intracellular GSH in the fungi because we observed only fungal cell peaks.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/química , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nitrilos/química , Penicillium/química , Prata/química , Triazóis/química , Adsorção , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos
14.
J Hazard Mater ; 265: 89-95, 2014 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24333945

RESUMO

We detected a trace amount of the mycotoxin citrinin using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) on silver nanoparticle (Ag NP) surfaces. The SERS substrate on hydrophobic Teflon films was also introduced to observe the citrinin peaks. A broad band at ∼1382cm(-1), which was ascribed to the symmetric carboxylate stretching mode, was observed in addition to an antisymmetric carboxylate stretching mode at ∼1568cm(-1) in the Raman spectra. The spectral feature indicated that citrinin would adsorb on Ag NPs via its carboxylate form. Based on density functional theory (DFT) calculations, vibrational mode analysis was performed to compare the Raman spectra of citrinin. DFT calculations also predicted that a bidentate bridge configuration through O15 and O16 atoms in citrinin would be the most stable on three Ag atoms. After treating with Ag NPs, observation of citrinin peaks was attempted in fungal cells of Penicillium citrinum. This work may provide useful insights into the direct observation of the hazardous citrinin mycotoxin using SERS by understanding its adsorption behaviors on Ag surfaces.


Assuntos
Citrinina/análise , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/química , Adsorção , Citrinina/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Penicillium , Análise Espectral Raman
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23912045

RESUMO

Raman spectra of the biologically important molecule sarcosine (SAR) (C3H7NO2) were studied experimentally in aqueous solution at different concentrations. These spectra were also calculated theoretically using density functional theory (DFT) at the B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level. Further, all the observed normal modes were assigned through potential energy distribution (PED). Geometry optimization of SAR produced its three conformers with slightly different energies. The lowest energy conformer of SAR was selected for a systematic solvation study wherein different numbers of water molecules (nW, n=1-9) were placed near it. In the SAR-9W complex, the SAR molecule is located almost at the center of the cage of 9 water molecules. Geometries of different oligomers of SAR (dimer, trimer, tetramer and pentamer) were also optimized in aqueous media taking the input structures from crystallographic data and using the polarizable continuum (PCM). Proton transfer required for the formation of the zwitterionic form of SAR was found to occur when the number of water molecules in the first hydration shell was six or more.


Assuntos
Sarcosina/química , Água/química , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Íons/química , Modelos Moleculares , Análise Espectral Raman
16.
Nanoscale ; 5(5): 1882-93, 2013 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23348618

RESUMO

Curcumin ((1E,6E)-1,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione) is an active component of turmeric; it is responsible for its characteristic yellow color and therapeutic potential, but its poor bioavailability remains a major challenge. In order to improve the bioavailability of curcumin, various approaches have been used. One of the possible approaches to increase the bioavailability of curcumin is its conjugation on the surface of metal nanoparticles. Therefore, in the present study, we report the binding of curcumin on the surface of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). The AuNPs were synthesized by the direct reduction of HAuCl(4) using curcumin in the aqueous phase, without the use of any other reducing agents. We found that curcumin acts both as a reducing and capping agent, stabilizing the gold sol for many months. Moreover, these curcumin-capped AuNPs also show good antioxidant activity which was confirmed by the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-l-picrylhydrazyl) radical test. Thus, the surface functionalization of AuNPs with curcumin may pave a new way of using the curcuminoids towards possible drug delivery and therapeutics. Apart from the experimental study, a detailed quantum chemical calculation using density functional theory (DFT) has been performed, in order to investigate the formation of a complex of curcumin with Au(3+) ions in different possible conformational isomeric forms. Our theoretical calculations indicate the evidence of electron transfer from curcumin into the Au center and essentially indicate that as a consequence of complexation, Au(3+) ions are reduced to Au(0). Our theoretical results also propose that it is the breakage of intramolecular H-bonding that probably leads to the increased availability of curcumin in the presence of gold ions and water molecules.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Curcumina/química , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica , Teoria Quântica , Propriedades de Superfície , Termodinâmica , Água/química
17.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 77(3): 559-65, 2010 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20655804

RESUMO

Raman spectra of acetonitrile (Acn) in different millimolar (mM) concentrations adsorbed on Ag nano-colloids were recorded in the region 2100-3300cm(-1). The nu(CN) and nu(C-H) modes show blue shifts of approximately 3 and approximately 1cm(-1), respectively, when the concentration of Acn in the mixture is increased from 2 to 8mM. The blue shift of nu(CN) and nu(C-H) modes is predominantly because of adsorption of Acn molecules on Ag nano-colloids. The wave number shift and variation of intensity of the nu(CN) and nu(C-H) bands have been discussed in terms of the adsorption geometry, which probably changes from flat-on configuration at lower concentration of Acn to an end-on configuration at higher concentration of Acn. The dephasing of nu(CN) oscillator becomes considerably slower at higher concentration of Acn. The adsorption of Acn molecules on the nano-colloids was simulated using the (B3LYP) method and the basis sets used for Acn molecules and Ag atoms were 6-311++G(d,p) and Lanl2dz, respectively.


Assuntos
Acetonitrilos/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Modelos Químicos , Teoria Quântica , Prata/química , Análise Espectral Raman , Adsorção , Coloides/química , Água
19.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 71(3): 823-9, 2008 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18396452

RESUMO

Raman spectra of pyrrole in aqueous medium at different pH values, 2.5, 5.5, 7.5 and 10.5 were recorded in the two spectral regions, 1,040-1,160 cm(-1) and 3,300-3,360 cm(-1) and pH dependence of the linewidth, peak position and intensity of the Raman bands corresponding to the ring breathing and symmetric nu(N-H) stretching modes were examined. A linear pH dependence of the peak positions for the ring breathing mode and a maximum at nearly neutral pH (7.5) for the symmetric nu(N-H) normal mode is observed, whereas the linewidth (FWHM) shows almost no variation with the change of pH. A slight decrease in the wavenumber position of the nu(N-H) mode at pH value >7.5 indicates that the influence of deprotonation is small, which results from a weak interaction between the reference molecule and the surrounding environment. The density functional theory (DFT) calculations were made primarily to obtain the optimized geometry and vibrational spectra of pyrrole in the ground electronic state using B3LYP functional and the highest level basis set 6-311++G(d,p). The assignments of the normal modes of pyrrole were made on the basis of potential energy distribution (PED). The calculations were also performed on protonated and deprotonated structures of pyrrole.


Assuntos
Pirróis/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Modelos Químicos , Prótons , Soluções , Análise Espectral Raman , Termodinâmica , Água
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