Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 11 de 11
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 104(5): 841-52, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25953619

RESUMO

Resin chemistries for dental composite are evolving as noted by the introduction of silorane-based composites in 2007. This shift in the landscape from methacrylate-based composites has fueled the quest for versatile methacrylate-silorane adhesives. The objective of this study was to evaluate the polymerization behavior and structure/property relationships of methacrylate-silorane hybrid systems. Amine compound ethyl-4-(dimethylamino) benzoate (EDMAB) or silane compound tris(trimethylsilyl) silane (TTMSS) was selected as coinitiators. The mechanical properties of the copolymer were improved significantly at low concentrations (15, 25, or 35 wt %) of silorane when EDMAB was used as coinitiator. The rubbery moduli of these experimental copolymers were increased by up to 260%, compared with that of the control (30.8 ± 1.9 MPa). Visible phase separation appeared in these formulations if the silorane concentrations in the formulations were 50-75 wt %. The use of TTMSS as coinitiator decreased the phase separation, but there was a concomitant decrease in mechanical properties. In the neat methacrylate formulations, the maximum rates of free-radical polymerization with EDMAB or TTMSS were 0.28 or 0.06 s(-1) , respectively. In the neat silorane resin, the maximum rates of cationic ring-opening polymerization with EDMAB or TTMSS were 0.056 or 0.087 s(-1) , respectively. The phase separation phenomenon may be attributed to differences in the rates of free-radical polymerization of methacrylates and cationic ring-opening polymerization of silorane. In the hybrid systems, free-radical polymerization initiated with EDMAB led to higher crosslink density and better mechanical properties under dry/wet conditions. These beneficial effects were, however, associated with an increase in heterogeneity in the network structure. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 104B: 841-852, 2016.


Assuntos
Metacrilatos/química , Modelos Químicos , Processos Fotoquímicos , Resinas de Silorano/química
2.
Z Angew Math Mech ; 95(2): 215-234, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25755301

RESUMO

We have developed a micromechanics based model for chemically active saturated fibrous media that incorporates fiber network microstructure, chemical potential driven fluid flow, and micro-poromechanics. The stress-strain relationship of the dry fibrous media is first obtained by considering the fiber behavior. The constitutive relationships applicable to saturated media are then derived in the poromechanics framework using Hill's volume averaging. The advantage of this approach is that the resultant continuum model accounts for the discrete nature of the individual fibers while retaining a form suitable for porous materials. As a result, the model is able to predict the influence of micro-scale phenomena, such as the fiber pre-strain caused by osmotic effects and evolution of fiber network structure with loading, on the overall behavior and in particular, on the poromechanics parameters. Additionally, the model can describe fluid-flow related rate-dependent behavior under confined and unconfined conditions and varying chemical environments. The significance of the approach is demonstrated by simulating unconfined drained monotonic uniaxial compression under different surrounding fluid bath molarity, and fluid-flow related creep and relaxation at different loading-levels and different surrounding fluid bath molarity. The model predictions conform to the experimental observations for saturated soft fibrous materials. The method can potentially be extended to other porous materials such as bone, clays, foams and concrete.

3.
J Biomed Mater Res A ; 103(2): 646-57, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24753362

RESUMO

To investigate the time- and rate-dependent mechanical properties of collagen-adhesive composites, creep and monotonic experiments are performed under dry and wet conditions. The composites are prepared by infiltration of dentin adhesive into a demineralized bovine dentin. Experimental results show that for small stress level under dry conditions, both the composite and the neat adhesive have similar behavior. On the other hand, in wet conditions, the composites are significantly soft and weak compared to the neat adhesives. The behavior in the wet condition is found to be affected by the hydrophilicity of both the adhesive and the collagen. As the adhesive-collagen composites are a part of the complex construct that forms the adhesive-dentin interface, their presence will affect the overall performance of the restoration. We find that Kelvin-Voigt model with at least four elements is required to fit the creep compliance data, indicating that the adhesive-collagen composites are complex polymers with several characteristic time scales whose mechanical behavior will be significantly affected by loading rates and frequencies. Such mechanical properties have not been investigated widely for these types of materials. The derived model provides an additional advantage that it can be exploited to extract other viscoelastic properties which are, generally, time consuming to obtain experimentally. The calibrated model is utilized to obtain stress relaxation function, frequency-dependent storage and loss modulus, and rate-dependent elastic modulus.


Assuntos
Colágeno/química , Cimentos Dentários/química , Elasticidade , Água/química , Adesividade , Animais , Bovinos , Viscosidade
4.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 101(8): 1437-43, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23744598

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to investigate the mechanical behavior of model methacrylate-based dentin adhesives under conditions that simulate the wet oral environment. A series of monotonic and creep experiments were performed on rectangular beam samples of dentin adhesive in three-point bending configuration under different moisture conditions. The monotonic test results show a significant effect of loading rate on the failure strength and the linear limit (yield point) of the stress-strain response. In addition, these tests show that the failure strength is low, and the failure occurs at a smaller deformation when the test is performed under continuously changing moisture conditions. The creep test results show that under constant moisture conditions, the model dentin adhesives can have a viscoelastic response under certain low loading levels. However, when the moisture conditions vary under the same low loading levels, the dentin adhesives have an anomalous creep response accompanied by large secondary creep and high strain accumulation.


Assuntos
Adesivos Dentinários/química , Metacrilatos/química , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Resinas Compostas , Colagem Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina/química , Elasticidade , Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície , Viscosidade
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25419475

RESUMO

The authors have derived macroscale poromechanics parameters for chemically active saturated fibrous media by combining microstructure-based homogenization with Hill's volume averaging. The stress-strain relationship of the dry fibrous media is first obtained by considering the fiber behavior. The constitutive relationships applicable to saturated media are then derived in the poromechanics framework using Hill's Lemmas. The advantage of this approach is that the resultant continuum model assumes a form suited to study porous materials, while retaining the effect of discrete fiber deformation. As a result, the model is able to predict the influence of microscale phenomena such as fiber buckling on the overall behavior, and in particular, on the poromechanics constants. The significance of the approach is demonstrated using the effect of drainage and fiber nonlinearity on monotonic compressive stress-strain behavior. The model predictions conform to the experimental observations for articular cartilage. The method can potentially be extended to other porous materials such as bone, clays, foams, and concrete.

6.
Braz Dent Sci ; 15(1): 4-18, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24855586

RESUMO

Composite restorations have higher failure rates, more recurrent caries and increased frequency of replacement as compared to dental amalgam. Penetration of bacterial enzymes, oral fluids, and bacteria into the crevices between the tooth and composite undermines the restoration and leads to recurrent decay and failure. The gingival margin of composite restora tions is particularly vulnerable to decay and at this margin, the adhesive and its seal to dentin provides the primary barrier between the prepared tooth and the environment. The intent of this article is to examine physico-chemical factors that affect the integrity and durability of the adhesive/dentin interfacial bond; and to explore how these factors act synergistically with mechanical forces to undermine the composite restoration. The article will examine the various avenues that have been pursued to address these problems and it will explore how alterations in material chemistry could address the detrimental impact of physico-chemical stresses on the bond formed at the adhesive/dentin interface.

7.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 100(2): 569-76, 2012 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22114017

RESUMO

A new glycerol-based dimethacrylate monomer with an aromatic carboxylic acid, 2-((1,3-bis(methacryloyloxy)propan-2-yloxy)carbonyl)benzoic acid (BMPB), was synthesized, characterized, and proposed as a possible dental co-monomer for dentin adhesives. Dentin adhesives containing 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and 2,2-bis[4-(2-hydroxy-3-methacryloxypropoxy) phenyl]propane (BisGMA) in addition to BMPB were formulated with water at 0, 5, 10, and 15 wt % to simulate wet, oral conditions, and photo-polymerized. Adhesives were characterized with regard to viscosity, real-time photopolymerization behavior, dynamic mechanical analysis, and microscale 3D internal morphologies and compared with HEMA/BisGMA controls. When formulated under wet conditions, the experimental adhesives showed lower viscosities (0.04-0.07 Pa s) as compared to the control (0.09-0.12 Pa s). The experimental adhesives showed higher glass transition temperature (146-157°C), degree of conversion (78-89%), and rubbery moduli (33-36 MPa), and improved water miscibility (no voids) as compared to the controls (123-135°C, 67-71%, 15-26 MPa, and voids, respectively). The enhanced properties of these adhesives suggest that BMPB with simple, straightforward synthesis is a promising photocurable co-monomer for dental restorative materials.


Assuntos
Benzoatos/química , Cimentos Dentários/química , Cimentos Dentários/síntese química , Metacrilatos/química
8.
Braz. dent. sci ; 15(1): 4-18, 2012. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-728072

RESUMO

Composite restorations have higher failure rates, more recurrent caries and increased frequency of replacement as compared to dental amalgam. Penetration of bacterial enzymes, oral fluids, and bacteria into the crevices between the tooth and composite undermines the restoration and leads to recurrent decay and failure. The gingival margin of composite restora tions is particularly vulnerable to decay and at this margin, the adhesive and its seal to dentin provides the primary barrier between the prepared tooth and the environment. The intent of this article is to examine physico-chemical factors that affect the integrity and durability of the adhesive/dentin interfacial bond; and to explore how these factors act synergistically with mechanical forces to undermine the composite restoration. The article will examine the various avenues that have been pursued to address these problems and it will explore how alterations in material chemistry could address the detrimental impact of physico-chemical stresses on the bond formed at the adhesive/dentin interface.


Restaurações em resina composta apresentam elevada taxa de falhas, recorrência de cárie e maior necessidade de troca quando comparadas às restaurações em amálgama. A penetração de enzimas bacterianas, fluidos orais e da própria bactéria nas fendas existentes entre o dente e o compósito, enfraquecem a restauração e levam à recorrência de cárie e falhas. A margem gengival das restaurações em resina composta é particularmente vulnerável à cárie e, nesta margem, o adesivo e o selamento dentinário funcionam como a primeira bareira entre o dente preparado e o ambiente oral. O objetivo deste artigo de revisão é examinar os fatores físico-químicos que afetam a integridade e a durabilidade da interface de adesão adesivo/dentina e explorar como esses fatores agem sinergicamente para minar a restauração de resina composta. A revisão irá examinar as diversas possibilidades para solucionar esses problemas, bem como explorar como alterações na química dos materiais poderiam solucionar o impacto negativo do estresse físico-químico na interface adesiva com a dentina.


Assuntos
Materiais Dentários
9.
Dent Mater ; 27(9): e187-95, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21700326

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this work was to develop a methodology for the prediction of fatigue life of the dentin-adhesive (d-a) interface. METHODS: At the micro-scale, the d-a interface is composed of dissimilar material components. Under global loading, these components experience different local stress amplitudes. The overall fatigue life of the d-a interface is, therefore, determined by the material component that has the shortest fatigue life under local stresses. Multiple 3d finite element (FE) models were developed to determine the stress distribution within the d-a interface by considering variations in micro-scale geometry, material composition and boundary conditions. The results from these models were analyzed to obtain the local stress concentrations within each d-a interface component. By combining the local stress concentrations and experimentally determined stress versus number of cycle to failure (S-N) curves for the different material components, the overall fatigue life of the d-a interface was predicted. RESULTS: The fatigue life was found to be a function of the applied loading amplitude, boundary conditions, microstructure and the mechanical properties of the material components of the d-a interface. In addition, it was found that the overall fatigue life of the d-a interface is not determined by the weakest material component. In many cases, the overall fatigue life was determined by the adhesive although exposed collagen was the weakest material component. Comparison of the predicted results with experimental data from the literature showed both qualitative and quantitative agreement. SIGNIFICANCE: The methodology developed for fatigue life prediction can provide insight into the mechanisms that control degradation of the bond formed at the d-a interface.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário/métodos , Adesivos Dentinários , Adesivos , Colágeno/química , Resinas Compostas , Dentina/anatomia & histologia , Módulo de Elasticidade , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Modelos Estruturais , Cimentos de Resina , Estresse Mecânico
10.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 95(2): 283-90, 2010 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20848661

RESUMO

The objective of the current study is to characterize the viscoelastic and fatigue properties of model methacrylate-based dentin adhesives under dry and wet conditions. Static, creep, and fatigue tests were performed on cylindrical samples in a 3-point bending clamp. Static results showed that the apparent elastic modulus of the model adhesive varied from 2.56 to 3.53 GPa in the dry condition, and from 1.04 to 1.62 GPa in the wet condition, depending upon the rate of loading. Significant differences were also found for the creep behavior of the model adhesive under dry and wet conditions. A linear viscoelastic model was developed by fitting the adhesive creep behavior. The developed model with 5 Kelvin Voigt elements predicted the apparent elastic moduli measured in the static tests. The model was then utilized to interpret the fatigue test results. It was found that the failure under cyclic loading can be due to creep or fatigue, which has implications for the failure criterion that are applied for these types of tests. Finally, it was found that the adhesive samples tested under dry conditions were more durable than those tested under wet conditions.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos , Viscosidade , Modelos Teóricos
11.
Ann Biomed Eng ; 38(6): 1989-2003, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20195761

RESUMO

Results from clinical studies suggest that more than half of the 166 million dental restorations that were placed in the United States in 2005 were replacements for failed restorations. This emphasis on replacement therapy is expected to grow as dentists use composite as opposed to dental amalgam to restore moderate to large posterior lesions. Composite restorations have higher failure rates, more recurrent caries, and increased frequency of replacement as compared to amalgam. Penetration of bacterial enzymes, oral fluids, and bacteria into the crevices between the tooth and composite undermines the restoration and leads to recurrent decay and premature failure. Under in vivo conditions the bond formed at the adhesive/dentin interface can be the first defense against these noxious, damaging substances. The intent of this article is to review structural aspects of the clinical substrate that impact bond formation at the adhesive/dentin interface; to examine physico-chemical factors that affect the integrity and durability of the adhesive/dentin interfacial bond; and to explore how these factors act synergistically with mechanical forces to undermine the composite restoration. The article will examine the various avenues that have been pursued to address these problems and it will explore how alterations in material chemistry could address the detrimental impact of physico-chemical stresses on the bond formed at the adhesive/dentin interface.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Cimentos Dentários/química , Dentina/química , Adesividade , Animais , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...