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1.
Diabetes ; 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928870

RESUMO

With an estimated prevalence of 463 million affected, type 2 diabetes represents a major challenge to health care systems worldwide. Analyzing the plasma proteomes of individuals with type 2 diabetes may illuminate hitherto unknown functional mechanisms underlying disease pathology. We assessed the associations between type 2 diabetes and >1000 plasma proteins in the KORA (Cooperative health research in the Region of Augsburg) F4 cohort (n=993, 110 cases), with subsequent replication in the HUNT3 (Third wave of the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study) cohort (n=940, 149 cases). We computed logistic regression models adjusted for age, sex, BMI, smoking status and hypertension. Additionally, we investigated associations with incident type 2 diabetes and performed two-sample bi-directional Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis to prioritize our results. Association analysis of prevalent type 2 diabetes revealed 24 replicated proteins, of which eight are novel. Proteins showing association with incident type 2 diabetes were aminoacylase-1, growth hormone receptor, and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2. Aminoacylase-1 was associated with both prevalent and incident type 2 diabetes. MR analysis yielded nominally significant causal effects of type 2 diabetes on cathepsin Z and rennin, both known to have roles in the pathophysiological pathways of cardiovascular disease, and of sex hormone-binding globulin on type 2 diabetes. In conclusion, our high-throughput proteomics study replicated previously reported type 2 diabetes-protein associations, and identified new candidate proteins possibly involved in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes.

3.
Int J Cardiol ; 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890614

RESUMO

AIMS: Catheter ablation is recommended for symptomatic WPW-syndrome. Commonly perceived low recurrence rates were challenged recently. We sought to identify patient strata at increased risk. METHOD: Of 12,566 patients enrolled at 52 German Ablation Registry sites from 2007 to 2010, 789 were treated for WPW-syndrome. Patients were included for symptomatic palpitations and tachycardia documentation. Follow-up duration was one year. Overall complications were defined as serious, access-related, and ablation-related. We adjudicated WPW-recurrence for re-ablation during follow-up. Risk strata included: admission for repeat ablation at registry entry; accessory pathway localization; antiarrhythmic medical treatment before the ablation. RESULTS: WPW-syndrome patients were 42.8 ± 16.2 years on average; 39.9% were women. A majority of 95.9% was symptomatic; in 84.4%, a tachycardia was documented. Seventy-six (9.6%) patients presented for repeat procedures. Accessory pathways were located in the left atrium (71.4%), right atrium (21.1%), septum (4.4%), or coronary sinus diverticula (2.1%). Prior antiarrhythmic medication was used in 43.7% of patients. No serious events occurred. The overall complication rate was 2.5% (ablation related 1.2%, access-related 1.3%). Major determinants for complications were presentation for re-ablation as registry index procedure (6.9% vs 2.2%; p = 0.016) and septal pathway location (left 2.0% vs septal 9.1%, p = 0.014). The overall re-ablation rate was 9.7%. Usage of prior antiarrhythmic medication was associated with higher recurrence rates (12.2% vs. 7.6%; p = 0.035). CONCLUSIONS: Patients at higher complication risk may be identified by repeat procedure and septal pathway location. Prior antiarrhythmic medication was associated with higher recurrence rates. Our findings may help improving peri-procedural patient management and information.

4.
JCI Insight ; 5(16)2020 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32814717

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDGenomic and experimental studies suggest a role for PITX2 in atrial fibrillation (AF). To assess if this association is relevant for recurrent AF in patients, we tested whether left atrial PITX2 affects recurrent AF after AF ablation.METHODSmRNA concentrations of PITX2 and its cardiac isoform, PITX2c, were quantified in left atrial appendages (LAAs) from patients undergoing thoracoscopic AF ablation, either in whole LAA tissue (n = 83) or in LAA cardiomyocytes (n = 52), and combined with clinical parameters to predict AF recurrence. Literature suggests that BMP10 is a PITX2-repressed, atrial-specific, secreted protein. BMP10 plasma concentrations were combined with 11 cardiovascular biomarkers and clinical parameters to predict recurrent AF after catheter ablation in 359 patients.RESULTSReduced concentrations of cardiomyocyte PITX2, but not whole LAA tissue PITX2, were associated with AF recurrence after thoracoscopic AF ablation (16% decreased recurrence per 2-(ΔΔCt) increase in PITX2). RNA sequencing, quantitative PCR, and Western blotting confirmed that BMP10 is one of the most PITX2-repressed atrial genes. Left atrial size (HR per mm increase [95% CI], 1.055 [1.028, 1.082]); nonparoxysmal AF (HR 1.672 [1.206, 2.318]), and elevated BMP10 (HR 1.339 [CI 1.159, 1.546] per quartile increase) were predictive of recurrent AF. BMP10 outperformed 11 other cardiovascular biomarkers in predicting recurrent AF.CONCLUSIONSReduced left atrial cardiomyocyte PITX2 and elevated plasma concentrations of the PITX2-repressed, secreted atrial protein BMP10 identify patients at risk of recurrent AF after ablation.TRIAL REGISTRATIONClinicalTrials.gov NCT01091389, NL50069.018.14, Dutch National Registry of Clinical Research Projects EK494-16.FUNDINGBritish Heart Foundation, European Union (H2020), Leducq Foundation.

5.
Herzschrittmacherther Elektrophysiol ; 31(3): 241-245, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748281

RESUMO

Cardiac rhythm monitoring plays an integral role in the diagnosis and treatment of various conditions. Technological developments of recent years have partly increased the ease of use and the availability of cardiac rhythm monitoring. Yet, the multitude of options has also added confusion. Various manufacturers offer devices for pulse wave and electrocardiogram analysis. Their use plays an important role in clinical routine, both for diagnostic purposes and for the need to interpret opportunistic findings. This article is intended to provide an overview of existing technologies and to highlight their advantages and disadvantages. It also is intended to introduce future technologies. In any case it is important to emphasize that numerous clinical trials will be required to evaluate the benefit of modern cardiac rhythm monitoring and foster its medical use.


Assuntos
Frequência Cardíaca , Fibrilação Atrial , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos
6.
Circ Genom Precis Med ; 13(5): 387-395, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32822252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The P-wave duration (PWD) is an electrocardiographic measurement that represents cardiac conduction in the atria. Shortened or prolonged PWD is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF). We used exome-chip data to examine the associations between common and rare variants with PWD. METHODS: Fifteen studies comprising 64 440 individuals (56 943 European, 5681 African, 1186 Hispanic, 630 Asian) and ≈230 000 variants were used to examine associations with maximum PWD across the 12-lead ECG. Meta-analyses summarized association results for common variants; gene-based burden and sequence kernel association tests examined low-frequency variant-PWD associations. Additionally, we examined the associations between PWD loci and AF using previous AF genome-wide association studies. RESULTS: We identified 21 common and low-frequency genetic loci (14 novel) associated with maximum PWD, including several AF loci (TTN, CAND2, SCN10A, PITX2, CAV1, SYNPO2L, SOX5, TBX5, MYH6, RPL3L). The top variants at known sarcomere genes (TTN, MYH6) were associated with longer PWD and increased AF risk. However, top variants at other loci (eg, PITX2 and SCN10A) were associated with longer PWD but lower AF risk. CONCLUSIONS: Our results highlight multiple novel genetic loci associated with PWD, and underscore the shared mechanisms of atrial conduction and AF. Prolonged PWD may be an endophenotype for several different genetic mechanisms of AF.

7.
8.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; 13(3): e007676, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ablation is a widely used therapy for atrial fibrillation (AF); however, arrhythmia recurrence and repeat procedures are common. Studies examining surrogate markers of genetic susceptibility to AF, such as family history and individual AF susceptibility alleles, suggest these may be associated with recurrence outcomes. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to test the association between AF genetic susceptibility and recurrence after ablation using a comprehensive polygenic risk score for AF. METHODS: Ten centers from the AF Genetics Consortium identified patients who had undergone de novo AF ablation. AF genetic susceptibility was measured using a previously described polygenic risk score (N=929 single-nucleotide polymorphisms) and tested for an association with clinical characteristics and time-to-recurrence with a 3 month blanking period. Recurrence was defined as >30 seconds of AF, atrial flutter, or atrial tachycardia. Multivariable analysis adjusted for age, sex, height, body mass index, persistent AF, hypertension, coronary disease, left atrial size, left ventricular ejection fraction, and year of ablation. RESULTS: Four thousand two hundred seventy-six patients were eligible for analysis of baseline characteristics and 3259 for recurrence outcomes. The overall arrhythmia recurrence rate between 3 and 12 months was 44% (1443/3259). Patients with higher AF genetic susceptibility were younger (P<0.001) and had fewer clinical risk factors for AF (P=0.001). Persistent AF (hazard ratio [HR], 1.39 [95% CI, 1.22-1.58]; P<0.001), left atrial size (per cm: HR, 1.32 [95% CI, 1.19-1.46]; P<0.001), and left ventricular ejection fraction (per 10%: HR, 0.88 [95% CI, 0.80-0.97]; P=0.008) were associated with increased risk of recurrence. In univariate analysis, higher AF genetic susceptibility trended towards a higher risk of recurrence (HR, 1.08 [95% CI, 0.99-1.18]; P=0.07), which became less significant in multivariable analysis (HR, 1.06 [95% CI, 0.98-1.15]; P=0.13). CONCLUSIONS: Higher AF genetic susceptibility was associated with younger age and fewer clinical risk factors but not recurrence. Arrhythmia recurrence after AF ablation may represent a genetically different phenotype compared to AF susceptibility.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/genética , Ablação por Cateter , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Herança Multifatorial/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Mapeamento Potencial de Superfície Corporal/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva
9.
Case Rep Neurol ; 12(1): 45-49, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32110227

RESUMO

So far, there has been no generally accepted diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm for patients with embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS). As recent clinical trials on secondary stroke prevention in ESUS did not support the use of oral anticoagulation and the concept of ESUS comprises heterogeneous subgroups of patients, including a wide age range, concomitant patent foramen ovale (PFO), variable cardiovascular risk factors as well as a variable probability for atrial fibrillation (AF), an individualized clinical approach is needed. In this context, we here present a case of recurrent stroke in a young patient with ESUS and PFO. During treatment according to our Catch-up-ESUS registry study, prolonged cardiac monitoring diagnosed AF, and PFO closure was omitted.

10.
Circulation ; 141(13): 1057-1067, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation for ventricular tachycardia (VT) reduces the recurrence of VT in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). The appropriate timing of VT ablation and its effects on mortality and heart failure progression remain a matter of debate. In patients with life-threatening arrhythmias necessitating ICD implantation, we compared outcomes of preventive VT ablation (undertaken before ICD implantation to prevent ICD shocks for VT) and deferred ablation after 3 ICD shocks for VT. METHODS: The BERLIN VT study (Preventive Ablation of Ventricular Tachycardia in Patients With Myocardial Infarction) was a prospective, open, parallel, randomized trial performed at 26 centers. Patients with stable ischemic cardiomyopathy, a left ventricular ejection fraction between 30% and 50%, and documented VT were randomly assigned 1:1 to a preventive or deferred ablation strategy. The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause death and unplanned hospitalization for either symptomatic ventricular arrhythmia or worsening heart failure. Secondary outcomes included sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmia and appropriate ICD therapy. We hypothesized that preventive ablation strategy would be superior to deferred ablation strategy in the intention-to-treat population. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 396±284 days, the primary end point occurred in 25 (32.9%) of 76 patients in the preventive ablation group and 23 (27.7%) of 83 patients in the deferred ablation group (hazard ratio, 1.09 [95% CI, 0.62-1.92]; P=0.77). On the basis of prespecified criteria for interim analyses, the study was terminated early for futility. In the preventive versus deferred ablation group, 6 versus 2 patients died (7.9% versus 2.4%; P=0.18), 8 versus 2 patients were admitted for worsening heart failure (10.4% versus 2.3%; P=0.062), and 15 versus 21 patients were hospitalized for symptomatic ventricular arrhythmia (19.5% versus 25.3%; P=0.27). Among secondary outcomes, the proportions of patients with sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmia (39.7% versus 48.2%; P=0.050) and appropriate ICD therapy (34.2% versus 47.0%; P=0.020) were numerically reduced in the preventive ablation group. CONCLUSIONS: Preventive VT ablation before ICD implantation did not reduce mortality or hospitalization for arrhythmia or worsening heart failure during 1 year of follow-up compared with the deferred ablation strategy. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02501005.

12.
BMJ Open ; 9(12): e031716, 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822542

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: So far there is no uniform, commonly accepted diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm for patients with embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS). Recent clinical trials on secondary stroke prevention in ESUS did not support the use of oral anticoagulation. As ESUS comprises heterogeneous subgroups including a wide age-range, concomitant patent foramen ovale (PFO), and variable probability for atrial fibrillation (AF), an individualised approach is urgently needed. This prospective registry study aims to provide initial data towards an individual, structured diagnostic and therapeutic approach in ESUS patients. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The open-label, investigator-initiated, prospective, single-centre, observational registry study (Catch-up-ESUS) started in 01/2018. Consecutive ESUS patients ≥18 years who give informed consent are included and will be followed up for 3 years. Stratified by age <60 or ≥60 years, the patients are processed following a standardised diagnostic and treatment algorithm with an interdisciplinary design involving neurologists and cardiologists. Depending on the strata, patients receive a transesophageal echocardiogram; all patients receive an implantable cardiac monitor. Patients <60 years with PFO and without evidence of concomitant AF are planned for PFO closure within 6 months after stroke. The current diagnostic and therapeutic workup of ESUS patients requires improvement by both standardisation and a more individualised approach. Catch-up-ESUS will provide important data with respect to AF detection and PFO closure and will estimate stratified stroke recurrence rates after ESUS. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study has been approved by the responsible ethics committee at the Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany (project number 17-685). Catch-Up-ESUS is conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. All patients will have to give written informed consent or, if unable to give consent themselves, their legal guardian will have to provide written informed consent for their participation. The first observation period of the registry study is 1 year, followed by the first publication of the results including follow-up of the patients. Further publications will be considered according the predefined individual follow-up dates of the stroke patients up to 36 months. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Clinicaltrialsregister.gov registry (NCT03820375).

13.
Circulation ; 140(22): 1834-1850, 2019 11 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765261

RESUMO

Cardiac thromboembolism attributed to atrial fibrillation (AF) is responsible for up to one-third of ischemic strokes. Stroke may be the first manifestation of previously undetected AF. Given the efficacy of oral anticoagulants in preventing AF-related ischemic strokes, strategies of searching for AF after a stroke using ECG monitoring followed by oral anticoagulation (OAC) treatment have been proposed to prevent recurrent cardioembolic strokes. This white paper by experts from the AF-SCREEN International Collaboration summarizes existing evidence and knowledge gaps on searching for AF after a stroke by using ECG monitoring. New AF can be detected by routine plus intensive ECG monitoring in approximately one-quarter of patients with ischemic stroke. It may be causal, a bystander, or neurogenically induced by the stroke. AF after a stroke is a risk factor for thromboembolism and a strong marker for atrial myopathy. After acute ischemic stroke, patients should undergo 72 hours of electrocardiographic monitoring to detect AF. The diagnosis requires an ECG of sufficient quality for confirmation by a health professional with ECG rhythm expertise. AF detection rate is a function of monitoring duration and quality of analysis, AF episode definition, interval from stroke to monitoring commencement, and patient characteristics including old age, certain ECG alterations, and stroke type. Markers of atrial myopathy (eg, imaging, atrial ectopy, natriuretic peptides) may increase AF yield from monitoring and could be used to guide patient selection for more intensive/prolonged poststroke ECG monitoring. Atrial myopathy without detected AF is not currently sufficient to initiate OAC. The concept of embolic stroke of unknown source is not proven to identify patients who have had a stroke benefitting from empiric OAC treatment. However, some embolic stroke of unknown source subgroups (eg, advanced age, atrial enlargement) might benefit more from non-vitamin K-dependent OAC therapy than aspirin. Fulfilling embolic stroke of unknown source criteria is an indication neither for empiric non-vitamin K-dependent OAC treatment nor for withholding prolonged ECG monitoring for AF. Clinically diagnosed AF after a stroke or a transient ischemic attack is associated with significantly increased risk of recurrent stroke or systemic embolism, in particular, with additional stroke risk factors, and requires OAC rather than antiplatelet therapy. The minimum subclinical AF duration required on ECG monitoring poststroke/transient ischemic attack to recommend OAC therapy is debated.

14.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 19(1): 120, 2019 05 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31113362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is caused by different mechanisms but current treatment strategies do not target these mechanisms. Stratified therapy based on mechanistic drivers and biomarkers of AF have the potential to improve AF prevention and management outcomes. We will integrate mechanistic insights with known pathophysiological drivers of AF in models predicting recurrent AF and prevalent AF to test hypotheses related to AF mechanisms and response to rhythm control therapy. METHODS: We will harmonise and combine baseline and outcome data from 12 studies collected by six centres from the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Spain, and the Netherlands which assess prevalent AF or recurrent AF. A Delphi process and statistical selection will be used to identify candidate clinical predictors. Prediction models will be developed in patients with AF for AF recurrence and AF-related outcomes, and in patients with or without AF at baseline for prevalent AF. Models will be used to test mechanistic hypotheses and investigate the predictive value of plasma biomarkers. DISCUSSION: This retrospective, harmonised, individual patient data analysis will use information from 12 datasets collected in five European countries. It is envisioned that the outcome of this analysis would provide a greater understanding of the factors associated with recurrent and prevalent AF, potentially allowing development of stratified approaches to prevention and therapy management.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Frequência Cardíaca , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Mineração de Dados , Bases de Dados Factuais , Técnica Delfos , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Projetos de Pesquisa , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
15.
Circulation ; 138(21): 2345-2358, 2018 11 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30571576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is associated with potentially fatal arrhythmias. Treatment is very effective, but its diagnosis may be challenging. Importantly, different methods are used to assess the QT interval, which makes its recognition difficult. QT experts advocate manual measurements with the tangent or threshold method. However, differences between these methods and their performance in LQTS diagnosis have not been established. We aimed to assess similarities and differences between these 2 methods for QT interval analysis to aid in accurate QT assessment for LQTS. METHODS: Patients with a confirmed pathogenic variant in KCNQ1(LQT1), KCNH2(LQT2), or SCN5A(LQT3) genes and their family members were included. Genotype-positive patients were identified as LQTS cases and genotype-negative family members as controls. ECGs were analyzed with both methods, providing inter- and intrareader validity and diagnostic accuracy. Cutoff values based on control population's 95th and 99th percentiles, and LQTS-patients' 1st and 5th percentiles were established based on the method to correct for heart rate, age, and sex. RESULTS: We included 1484 individuals from 265 families, aged 33±21 years and 55% females. In the total cohort, QTTangent was 10.4 ms shorter compared with QTThreshold (95% limits of agreement±20.5 ms, P<0.0001). For all genotypes, QTTangent was shorter than QTThreshold ( P<0.0001), but this was less pronounced in LQT2. Both methods yielded a high inter- and intrareader validity (intraclass correlation coefficient >0.96), and a high diagnostic accuracy (area under the curve >0.84). Using the current guideline cutoff (QTc interval 480 ms), both methods had similar specificity but yielded a different sensitivity. QTc interval cutoff values of QTTangent were lower compared with QTThreshold and different depending on the correction for heart rate, age, and sex. CONCLUSION: The QT interval varies depending on the method used for its assessment, yet both methods have a high validity and can both be used in diagnosing LQTS. However, for diagnostic purposes current guideline cutoff values yield different results for these 2 methods and could result in inappropriate reassurance or treatment. Adjusted cutoff values are therefore specified for method, correction formula, age, and sex. In addition, a freely accessible online probability calculator for LQTS ( www.QTcalculator.org ) has been made available as an aid in the interpretation of the QT interval.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia , Síndrome do QT Longo/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Bases de Dados Factuais , Canal de Potássio ERG1/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Canal de Potássio KCNQ1/genética , Síndrome do QT Longo/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.5/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 9784259, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30320138

RESUMO

Introduction: The value of contact force information for ablation of LA anterior line is unknown. In a prospective randomized clinical trial, we investigated if information on contact force during left atrial (LA) anterior line ablation reduces total radiofrequency time and results in higher rates of bidirectional line block in patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) plus substrate modification. Methods: We included patients with indication for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and additional substrate modification. For LA anterior line ablation, patients were randomized to contact force information visible (n=35) or blinded (n=37). Patients received contrast enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) before and 3-6 months after ablation to visualize the LA anterior line. Primary endpoint was radiofrequency time to achieve bidirectional line block. Secondary endpoints were completeness of the LA anterior line on cMRI, distribution of contact force, procedural data, adverse events, and 12 months success rate. Results: In 72 patients (64±9 years, 68% male), bidirectional LA anterior line block was achieved in 70 (97%) patients. Radiofrequency time to bidirectional block did not differ significantly across groups (contact force information visible 23±18min versus contact force information blinded 21±15min, p=0.50). The LA anterior line was discernable on cMRI in 40 patients (82%) without significant differences across randomization groups (p=0.46). No difference in applied contact force was found depending on cMRI line visibility. Twelve-month success and adverse event rates were comparable across groups. Conclusion: Information on contact force does not significantly improve the ablation of LA anterior lines. Clinical Trial Registration: The trial was registered at http://www.clinicaltrials.gov by identifier: NCT02217657.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cateteres Cardíacos , Ablação por Cateter/instrumentação , Força Muscular , Contração Miocárdica , Adulto , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
Int J Cardiol ; 272: 168-174, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30126655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A novel, automatically annotating ultra-high density mapping system (Rhythmia©, Boston Scientific) collects a high number and quality of electrograms (EGMs). So far, data on general use in the electrophysiological laboratory are sparse. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all our ablations using Rhythmia and recorded patient clinical data, procedural parameters, and mapping parameters including the count of EGMs, mapping time, and mapping volume. Where appropriate, procedural parameters were compared over time to assess a learning curve. RESULTS: 400 patients underwent ablation of atrial fibrillation (n = 202), typical (n = 16) or atypical atrial flutter (n = 49), VT (n = 48), PVC (n = 35), accessory pathways (n = 14), AVNRT (n = 4), and focal atrial tachycardia (n = 32). System use was feasible, as no procedure had to be stopped for technical reasons and no ablation had to be withheld because of mapping failure, and safe, with an overall complication rate of 2.25%. Initial restrictions in manoeuvrability of the mapping catheter were overcome rapidly, as indicated by a significant decrease of fluoroscopy time (20 vs. 14 min, p = 0.02), use of contrast agent (50 vs. 40 ml; p < 0.01), and (not significant) lower procedure times (194 vs. 170 min; p = 0.12; comparing the first with the last third of patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation only procedure). Ablation of complex left atrial, focal and ventricular tachycardias benefited from the reliable automatic annotation of a high number of EGMs. CONCLUSION: The use of the Rhythmia is feasible and safe. Initial restrictions in manoeuvrability of the Orion mapping catheter were overcome rapidly. The procedures that benefit the most from ultra-high density mapping are complex left atrial tachycardias, focal tachycardias, and ventricular tachycardias.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas/métodos , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Taquicardia Supraventricular/diagnóstico , Taquicardia Supraventricular/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Eur Heart J ; 39(45): 4020-4029, 2018 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30085086

RESUMO

Aims: Risks of catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation and flutter assessed in retrospective studies, registries, and controlled trials may underestimate 'real world' conditions. Methods and results: To assess complications in a nationwide approach, we included all cases undergoing catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter in Germany in 2014, using ICD-10-GM-based German Diagnosis Related Group (G-DRG) codes and the well differentiated German Operation and Procedure Classification (OPS) analysing 33 353 in-hospital cases. For left atrial ablations (19 514 cases), the overall complication rate ranged from a mean of 11.7% to 13.8% depending on type and site of applied energy, including major complications ranging from 3.8% to 7.2%. Whereas overall complication rates were lower for atrial flutter ablations (13 871 cases, 10.5%; P < 0.001), interestingly, major complications occurred more frequently (7.4%; P < 0.001). Particularly, in-hospital death was four-times more common following right than following left atrial ablations (47 vs. 18 cases, 0.34% vs. 0.09%; P < 0.001). Stratified by centre ablation volume, significantly fewer overall complications occurred in centres performing >100 vs. ≤100 left atrial ablations annually (12.7% vs. 16.4%; P < 0.002). Conclusion: Administrative data of all atrial fibrillation ablations in Germany in 2014 revealed higher overall and major complication rates than previously reported. Few patients were treated in low volume centres, but were exposed to a higher overall complication risk. Atrial flutter ablations were associated with surprisingly high rates of life-threatening complications. Advanced age combined with highly prevalent cardiac, pulmonary and, vascular comorbidities likely play a major role. In addition, individual-level clinical studies need to address the safety and benefits of catheter ablation in an elderly, diseased population.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Flutter Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
19.
Circ Genom Precis Med ; 11(1): e001758, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29874175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: QT interval, measured through a standard ECG, captures the time it takes for the cardiac ventricles to depolarize and repolarize. JT interval is the component of the QT interval that reflects ventricular repolarization alone. Prolonged QT interval has been linked to higher risk of sudden cardiac arrest. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed an ExomeChip-wide analysis for both QT and JT intervals, including 209 449 variants, both common and rare, in 17 341 genes from the Illumina Infinium HumanExome BeadChip. We identified 10 loci that modulate QT and JT interval duration that have not been previously reported in the literature using single-variant statistical models in a meta-analysis of 95 626 individuals from 23 cohorts (comprised 83 884 European ancestry individuals, 9610 blacks, 1382 Hispanics, and 750 Asians). This brings the total number of ventricular repolarization associated loci to 45. In addition, our approach of using coding variants has highlighted the role of 17 specific genes for involvement in ventricular repolarization, 7 of which are in novel loci. CONCLUSIONS: Our analyses show a role for myocyte internal structure and interconnections in modulating QT interval duration, adding to previous known roles of potassium, sodium, and calcium ion regulation, as well as autonomic control. We anticipate that these discoveries will open new paths to the goal of making novel remedies for the prevention of lethal ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac arrest.


Assuntos
Exoma/genética , Síndrome do QT Longo/diagnóstico , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Antiporters/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Eletrocardiografia , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Síndrome do QT Longo/etnologia , Síndrome do QT Longo/genética , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
20.
Circ Genom Precis Med ; 11(5): e002037, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29748316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Electrical conduction from the cardiac sinoatrial node to the ventricles is critical for normal heart function. Genome-wide association studies have identified more than a dozen common genetic loci that are associated with PR interval. However, it is unclear whether rare and low-frequency variants also contribute to PR interval heritability. METHODS: We performed large-scale meta-analyses of the PR interval that included 83 367 participants of European ancestry and 9436 of African ancestry. We examined both common and rare variants associated with the PR interval. RESULTS: We identified 31 genetic loci that were significantly associated with PR interval after Bonferroni correction (P<1.2×10-6), including 11 novel loci that have not been reported previously. Many of these loci are involved in heart morphogenesis. In gene-based analysis, we found that multiple rare variants at MYH6 (P=5.9×10-11) and SCN5A (P=1.1×10-7) were associated with PR interval. SCN5A locus also was implicated in the common variant analysis, whereas MYH6 was a novel locus. CONCLUSIONS: We identified common variants at 11 novel loci and rare variants within 2 gene regions that were significantly associated with PR interval. Our findings provide novel insights to the current understanding of atrioventricular conduction, which is critical for cardiac activity and an important determinant of health.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia , Variação Genética , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Sequências Reguladoras de Ácido Nucleico/genética
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