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1.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 31(4): 854-859, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many patients awaiting heart transplantation (HTX) have a cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED). Lead removal is often still a part of the HTX procedure. Abandoned lead fragments carry a risk for infections and prohibit magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) imaging. This study evaluated the concept of an elective lead management algorithm after HTX. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2009 and 2018, 102 consecutive patients with previously implanted CIED underwent HTX. Lead removal by manual traction during HTX was performed in 74 patients until December 2014. Afterward, treatment strategy was changed and 28 patients received elective lead extraction procedures in a hybrid operating room (OR) using specialized extraction tools. Total of 74 patients with 157 leads underwent lead extraction by manual traction during HTX. The mean lead age was 32.3 ± 38.7 months. Postoperative X-ray revealed abandoned intravascular lead fragments in 31(41.9%) patients, resulting in a complete lead extraction rate of only 58.1%. The high rate of unsuccessful lead extractions led to the change in the extraction strategy in 2015. Since then, HTX was performed in 28 CIED patients. In those patients, 64 leads with a mean lead age of 53.8 ± 42.8 months were treated in an elective lead extraction procedure. No major or minor complications occurred during lead extraction. All leads could be removed completely, resulting in a procedural success rate of 100%. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that chronically implanted leads should be removed in an elective procedure, using appropriate extraction tools. This enables complete lead extraction, which reduces the infection risk in this patient population with the necessity for permanent immunosuppressive therapy and allows further MRI surveillance.

2.
J Crit Care ; 56: 100-105, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31896442

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) is an increasingly used treatment option for patients in need of mechanical cardiopulmonary support, while available outcome data is limited. The aim of this study was to identify predictors for 30-day in-hospital mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed baseline characteristics and outcomes of 8351 VA-ECMO procedures performed in Germany from 2007 to 2015. Using a multivariable model, we identified the ten most important variables to allow for prediction of 30-day in-hospital mortality. Based on these variables, we created a mortality prediction score (ECMO-ACCEPTS score) to enhance decision making in patients considered for or treated with VA-ECMO support. RESULTS: Of 8351 patients (71.7% male) 3567 had prior CPR. Mean age was 62 years in the present cohort. The overall 30-day in-hospital mortality was 61%. The ECMO-ACCEPTS score, derived among randomly selected 4175 patients, included ten independent predictors for in-hospital mortality. Internal validation in the remaining 4176 patients confirmed strong differentiation between low and high risk of 30-day in-hospital mortality (r = 0.97 for correlation of predicted with observed mortality, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The ECMO-ACCEPTS score might help clinicians to improve risk prediction among VA-ECMO patients for refractory cardiogenic shock.

3.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 30(3): 431-438, 2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808513

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Mitral valve (MV) repair in functional mitral regurgitation is still associated with suboptimal outcomes. Our goal was to determine whether the clinical outcome following MV repair correlates with preoperative tenting parameters. METHODS: We retrospectively identified consecutive patients with functional mitral regurgitation who underwent an isolated MV annuloplasty during a 7-year period (2010-2016) from our institutional database. Preoperative tenting parameters (i.e. tenting height, coaptation length, tenting area, posterior mitral leaflet and anterior mitral leaflet angles and interpapillary muscle distance) were systematically measured. The primary end point was the composite of survival and freedom from adverse cardiac events. The follow-up protocol consisted of a structured clinical questionnaire and an analysis of the echocardiographic data. RESULTS: A total of 240 patients (mean age 67.8 ± 9.8 years, 57% of men) were analysed. The overall 5-year survival rate for the whole study cohort was 74.7 ± 4.2%, and freedom from adverse cardiac events was 84.8 ± 3.4%. A tenting area ≥2.4 cm2 was identified as a cut-off value, independently predicting the composite primary study end point (hazard ratio 2.0; P = 0.03). Furthermore, a Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a strong tendency towards worse 5-year outcomes in patients with a tenting area ≥2.4 cm2 (n = 153) versus patients with a tenting area <2.4 cm2 (n = 87) (65.3 ± 5.5% vs 77.1 ± 6.3%; P = 0.06). CONCLUSIONS: MV annuloplasty is associated with acceptable clinical and echocardiographic outcomes in patients with functional mitral regurgitation 5 years postoperatively. A preoperative tenting area ≥2.4 cm2 showed a strong trend towards a worse 5-year survival rate and an increased risk of adverse cardiac events after an isolated MV annuloplasty.

4.
JACC Heart Fail ; 8(2): 100-110, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511192

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work was to study maternal and fetal outcomes of women with uncorrected congenital heart disease (CHD). BACKGROUND: Globally, CHD is an important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in women reaching reproductive stage. Data are lacking from larger cohorts of women with uncorrected CHD. METHODS: The 10-year data from the European Society of Cardiology EORP ROPAC (EURObservational Research Programme Registry of Pregnancy and Cardiac disease) registry of women with uncorrected CHD were analyzed. RESULTS: Of 5,739 pregnancies in 53 countries, 3,295 women had CHD, 1,059 of which were uncorrected cases. Of these, 41.4% were from emerging countries. There were marked differences between the cardiac defects in uncorrected cases versus those in corrected CHD cases with primary shunt lesions (44.7% vs. 32.4%, respectively), valvular abnormalities (33.5% vs. 12.6%, respectively), and Tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia (0.8% vs. 20.3%, respectively; p < 0.001). In patients with uncorrected CHD, 6.8% were in modified World Health Organization risk class IV, approximately 10% had pulmonary hypertension (PH), and 3% were cyanotic prior to pregnancy. Maternal mortality and heart failure (HF) in the women with uncorrected CHD were 0.7% and 8.7%, respectively. Eisenmenger syndrome was associated with a very high risk of cardiac events (65.5%), maternal mortality (10.3%), and HF (48.3%). Coming from an emerging country was associated with higher pre-pregnancy signs of HF, PH, and cyanosis (p < 0.001) and worse maternal and fetal outcomes, with a 3-fold higher rate of hospital admissions for cardiac events and intrauterine growth retardation (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Marked differences between cardiac conditions in pregnant women with uncorrected CHD and those in corrected CHD were found, with a markedly worse outcome, particularly in women with Eisenmenger syndrome and from emerging countries.

5.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 109(3): 271-288, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482241

RESUMO

According to recent recommendations on echocardiographic assessment of aortic valve stenosis direct measurement of transvalvular peak jet velocity, calculation of transvalvular mean gradient from the velocities using the Bernoulli equation and calculation of the effective aortic valve area by continuity equation are the appropriate primary key instruments for grading severity of aortic valve stenosis. It is obvious that no gold standard can be declared for grading the severity of aortic stenosis. Thus, conclusions of the exclusive evaluation of aortic stenosis by Doppler echocardiography seem to be questionable due to the susceptibility to errors caused by methodological limitations, mathematical simplifications and inappropriate documentation. The present paper will address practical issues of echocardiographic documentation to satisfy the needs to analyze different scenarios of aortic stenosis due to various flow conditions and pressure gradients. Transesophageal and multidimensional echocardiography should be implemented for reliable measurement of geometric aortic valve area and of cardiac dimensions at an early stage of the diagnostic procedure to avoid misinterpretation due to inconsistent results.

6.
Eur Respir J ; 55(2)2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31831579

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of death with a considerable part of the population dying from cardiovascular diseases. High-sensitivity troponin I (hs-TnI) might help to better identify COPD patients at high risk of mortality. We aimed to study the predictive value of hs-TnI for all-cause mortality beyond established COPD assessments, and after consideration of relevant cardiovascular risk factors and prevalent cardiovascular diseases, in a broad population with stable COPD.Circulating hs-TnI concentrations together with a wide range of respiratory and cardiovascular markers were evaluated in 2085 patients with stable COPD across all severity stages enrolled in the multicentre COSYCONET cohort study. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality over 3 years of follow-up.Hs-TnI was detectable in 2020 (96.9%) patients. The median hs-TnI concentration was 3.8 ng·L-1 (interquartile range 2.5-6.6 ng·L-1), with levels above the 99th percentile reference limit of 27 ng·L-1 observed in 1.8% of patients. In Cox regression analyses including adjustments for airflow limitation, dyspnoea grade, exercise capacity and history of severe exacerbations, as well as traditional cardiovascular risk factors, estimated glomerular filtration rate, ankle-brachial index, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptides and prevalent cardiovascular diseases, hs-TnI was a significant predictor for all-cause mortality, both as a continuous variable (hazard ratio (HR) for log hs-TnI 1.28, 95% CI 1.01-1.62) and categorised according to the cut-off of 6 ng·L-1 (HR 1.63, 95% CI 1.10-2.42).In patients with stable COPD, hs-TnI is a strong predictor of all-cause mortality beyond established COPD mortality predictors, and independent of a broad range of cardiovascular risk factors and prevalent cardiovascular diseases. Hs-TnI concentrations well below the upper reference limit provide further prognostic value for all patients with COPD when added to established risk assessments.

7.
Cardiovasc Diagn Ther ; 9(Suppl 2): S247-S263, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737533

RESUMO

Background: Ultra-high density mapping (HDM) is a promising tool in the treatment of patients with complex arrhythmias. In adults with congenital heart disease (CHD), rhythm disorders are among the most common complications but catheter ablation can be challenging due to heterogenous anatomy and complex arrhythmogenic substrates. Here, we describe our initial experience using HDM in conjunction with novel automated annotation algorithms in patients with moderate to great CHD complexity. Methods: We studied a series of consecutive adult patients with moderate to great CHD complexity and an indication for catheter ablation due to symptomatic arrhythmia. HDM was conducted using the Rhythmia™ mapping system and a 64-electrode mini-basket catheter for identification of anatomy, voltage, activation pattern and critical areas of arrhythmia for ablation guidance. To investigate novel advanced mapping strategies, postprocedural signal processing using the Lumipoint™ software was applied. Results: In 19 patients (53±3 years; 53% male), 21 consecutive ablation procedures were conducted. Procedures included ablation of atrial fibrillation (n=7; 33%), atrial tachycardia (n=11; 52%), atrioventricular accessory pathway (n=1; 5%), the atrioventricular node (n=1; 5%) and ventricular arrhythmias (n=4; 19%). A total of 23 supraventricular and 8 ventricular arrhythmias were studied with the generation of 56 complete high density maps (atrial n=43; ventricular n=11, coronary sinus n=2) and an average of 12,043±1,679 mapping points. Multiple arrhythmias were observed in n=7 procedures (33% of procedures; range of arrhythmias detected 2-4). A total range of 1-4 critical areas were defined per procedure and treated within a radiofrequency application time of 16 (interquartile range 12-45) minutes. Postprocedural signal processing using Lumipoint™ allowed rapid annotation of fractionated signals within specific windows of interest. This supported identification of a practical critical isthmus in 20 out of 27 completed atrial and ventricular tachycardia activation maps. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that HDM in conjunction with novel automated annotation algorithms provides detailed insights into arrhythmia mechanisms and might facilitate tailored catheter ablation in patients with moderate to great CHD complexity.

8.
Cardiovasc Diagn Ther ; 9(Suppl 2): S416-S423, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737546

RESUMO

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is present in 0.8-0.9% of live births. Prevalence of CHD is constantly increasing during the last decades in line with the treatment options for patients ranging from the surgical as well to the interventional spectrum. Most of the women with underlying CHD reach adulthood due to excellent surgical and interventional treatment options and most of them desire pregnancy. In Western countries, maternal heart disease is the major cause of mortality during pregnancy, thus risk estimation should be therefore individualized depending on the underlying CHD, functional class and treatment options. Pre-pregnancy counselling is mandatory in all women, especially in patients with high risk but even in patients with low risk, a plan for labor and delivery should be outlined in a heart pregnancy team. This review addresses the key element of pre-counselling, planning and successful disease management in patients with CHD during pregnancy.

9.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 108(6): 1783-1792, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31254507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The major drawback of isolated annuloplasty in secondary mitral regurgitation (MR) is the reoccurrence of MR. We prospectively compared the results of isolated annuloplasty vs annuloplasty with simultaneous standardized subannular repair. METHODS: The study comprised 101 patients with secondary type IIIb MR. Of these, 51 underwent annuloplasty plus standardized subannular repair with realignment of both papillary muscles (subannular repair) and 50 underwent isolated annuloplasty. The primary study end point was the reoccurrence of MR >2 at the 1-year follow-up. Secondary end points were survival, freedom from major adverse cardiac events, and residual leaflet tethering. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were comparable in both groups. There was no significant difference in in-hospital mortality (P = .3). Although postrepair MR was comparable between the subannular repair and isolated annuloplasty subgroups, the residual leaflet tethering (tenting area, 127.6 ± 35.8 mm2 vs 166.3 ± 47.3 mm2, P = .02; posterior mitral leaflet angle, 19.2 ± 4.7 degrees vs 24.8 ± 5.2 degrees, P = .001; anterior mitral leaflet angle, 25.4 ± 5.8 degrees vs 34.1 ± 4.0 degrees, P = .001; and tenting height, 5.9 ± 1.4 mm vs 9.2 ± 2.2 mm, P = .001) were significantly increased in the isolated annuloplasty group (P < .001). At the 1-year follow-up, we found a significant difference between the groups in the freedom from MR >2 of 98% (50 of 51) for subannular repair vs 86.7% (39 of 45) for isolated annuloplasty (P = .045) and mortality of 0% (0 of 51) for subannular repair vs 10% (5 of 50) for isolated annuloplasty (P = .025). CONCLUSIONS: In secondary MR with reduced leaflet motion, the combination of annuloplasty and standardized subannular repair is associated with a significantly reduced MR reoccurrence, decreased residual leaflet tenting, and significantly improved 1-year outcome compared with annuloplasty alone.


Assuntos
Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Seguimentos , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Função Ventricular Esquerda
10.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 55(Suppl 1): i17-i25, 2019 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31106337

RESUMO

Systolic heart failure is frequently accompanied by a relevant functional mitral valve regurgitation (FMR) which develops as a direct sequela of the ongoing left ventricular remodelling. The severity of mitral regurgitation is further aggravated by progressive left ventricular enlargement causing leaflet tethering and reduced systolic leaflet movement. The prognosis of such patients is obviously limited by an underlying left ventricular disease, and the correction of secondary FMR has been previously suggested as predominantly 'cosmetic' surgery in the setting of ongoing cardiomyopathy. Inferior results of an isolated annuloplasty in type IIIb FMR supported the philosophy of malignant course of progressive cardiomyopathy and resulted in increasingly restricted indications for mitral valve surgery for FMR in the guidelines. The lack of a standardized pathophysiological approach to correct type IIIb FMR led to the development of valve replacement strategy and edge-to-edge catheter-based mitral valve procedures, which became the most frequent procedures in the FMR setting in Europe. Modern mitral valve surgery combines the advantages of 3-dimensional endoscopic minimally invasive surgical approach with standardized subannular repair to address the pathophysiological background of type IIIb FMR. The perioperative results have been significantly improved, and there is a growing evidence of improved long-term stability of subannular repair procedures as compared to isolated annuloplasty. This review article aims to present the current state-of-the-art of the modern mitral valve surgery in FMR and provides suggestions for future trials analysing the potential advantages in these patients.

11.
J Clin Med ; 8(4)2019 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999593

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify echocardiographic and surgical risk factors for failure after mitral valve repair. METHODS: We identified a total of 77 consecutive patients from our institutional mitral valve surgery database who required redo mitral valve surgery due to recurrence of mitral regurgitation after primary mitral valve repair. A control group of 138 patients who had a stable echocardiographic long-term result was included based on propensity score matching. Systematic analysis of echocardiographic parameters was performed before primary surgery; after mitral valve repair and prior to redo surgery. Risk factor analysis was performed using multivariate Cox regression model. RESULTS: Redo surgery was associated with the presence of pulmonary hypertension ≥ 50 mmHg (p = 0.02), a mean transmitral gradient > 5 mmHg (p = 0.001), left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 45% (p = 0.05) before surgery and mitral regurgitation ≥moderate at time of discharge (p = 0.002) in the whole cohort. Patients with functional mitral valve regurgitation had a higher tendency to undergo redo surgery if preoperative left ventricular end-diastolic diameter exceeded 65 mm (p = 0.043) and if postoperative tenting height exceeded 6 mm (p = 0.018). Low ejection fraction was not significantly associated with the need for redo mitral valve surgery in the functional subgroup. CONCLUSIONS: Recurrent mitral regurgitation is still a valuable problem and is associated with relevant perioperative mortality. Patients with severe mitral regurgitation should undergo early mitral valve repair surgery as long as systolic pulmonary artery pressure is low, left ventricular ejection fraction is preserved, and LVEED is deceeds 65 mm.

12.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 56(5): 968-975, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31005995

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Subannular repair techniques in addition to undersized ring annuloplasty have been developed to address high mitral regurgitation (MR) recurrence rates after mitral valve repair in type IIIb MR. We compared the results of annuloplasty with simultaneous standardized subannular repair versus isolated annuloplasty, focusing on the periprocedural outcomes of minimally invasive procedures. METHODS: A consecutive series of 108 patients with type IIIb functional MR with severe signs of bileaflet tethering underwent an annuloplasty + subannular repair (group A; n = 60) versus isolated annuloplasty (group B; n = 48). The primary end point of this prospective, parallel cohort study was death or recurrent MR >2, 1 year postoperatively. The secondary end points were survival and clinical outcomes, with special regard for the minimally invasively treated subgroups. RESULTS: Duration of surgery, cardiopulmonary bypass time and aortic cross-clamp time were comparable between both study groups. Procedural outcomes as well as echocardiographic outcome parameters were similar and independent of access (fully endoscopic versus full sternotomy). At the 12-month follow-up, death or MR >2 occurred in 3.3% (2/60) of patients in group A vs in 20.8% (10/48) of patients in group B (P = 0.037). The overall mortality rate during the follow-up period was 1.7% (1/60) in group A vs 12.5% (6/48) in group B (P = 0.041). CONCLUSIONS: Standardized realignment of papillary muscles is feasible and reproducible via a minimally invasive approach, resulting in excellent periprocedural outcomes, and has a clear potential to significantly decrease MR recurrence and improve 1-year outcomes compared to isolated annuloplasty.

13.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 108(10): 1107-1116, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30820639

RESUMO

AIMS: The electrocardiographic pattern of early repolarization (ER) is related to increased cardiac mortality in the general population. The pathophysiological basis of ER is largely unknown. We investigated the association of echocardiographic structural and functional parameters of the left ventricle with the presence of ER in the community. METHODS AND RESULTS: The presence of ER (ER+) was assessed in 13,878 participants (mean age 54.6 years, 51.1% women) of the Gutenberg Health Study and related to left ventricular structure and function derived from standard echocardiography. The prevalence of ER was 5.0% (694/13,878), with higher prevalence in men than women (6.6% vs. 3.5%, p < 0.001). In men baseline characteristics differed including a lower BMI and a lower heart rate in ER+ individuals, whereas in women there were only minor differences. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression analysis in men showed an association of ER with smaller diameters (left-ventricular end-diastolic diameter: OR 0.77 95% CI 0.69-0.86, p < 0.001; left-ventricular end-systolic diameter: OR 0.86 95% CI 0.78-0.95, p = 0.0035), and lower left-ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volume (OR 0.72 95% CI 0.65, 0.80, p < 0.001 and OR 0.80 95% CI 0.72, 0.89, p < 0.001). In women, the associations of ER with left ventricular diameters and volumes showed a similar direction, but were not as pronounced. CONCLUSION: In the community, the ER pattern predominantly occurs in men with a low heart rate and a slender habit. Furthermore, ER is not associated with higher left ventricular mass or size but rather with smaller left ventricular diameters and volumes with a regular systolic and diastolic function. Patterns were comparable in women, but less strong.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia/métodos , Eletrocardiografia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Vigilância da População/métodos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
16.
Int J Cardiol ; 272S: 11-19, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30219257

RESUMO

In the summer of 2016, delegates from the German Society of Cardiology (DGK), the German Respiratory Society (DGP), and the German Society of Pediatric Cardiology (DGPK) met in Cologne, Germany, to define consensus-based practice recommendations for the management of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). These recommendations were built on the 2015 European Pulmonary Hypertension guidelines, aiming at their practical implementation, considering country-specific issues, and including new evidence, where available. To this end, a number of working groups was initiated, one of which was specifically dedicated to the definition, clinical classification and initial diagnosis of PH. While the European guidelines provide a detailed clinical classification and a structured approach for diagnostic testing, their application in routine care may be challenging, particularly given the changing phenotype of PH patients who are nowadays often elderly and may present with multiple potential causes of PH, as well as comorbid conditions. Specifically, the working group addresses the thoroughness of diagnostic testing, and the roles of echocardiography, exercise testing, and genetic testing in diagnosing PH. Furthermore, challenges in the diagnostic work-up of patients with various causes of PH including "PAH with comorbidities", CTEPH and coexisting conditions are highlighted, and a modified diagnostic algorithm is provided. The detailed results and recommendations of the working group on definition, clinical classification and initial diagnosis of PH, which were last updated in the spring of 2018, are summarized in this article.


Assuntos
Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Hipertensão Pulmonar/classificação , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Teste de Esforço/normas , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia
17.
Biomolecules ; 8(3)2018 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30200232

RESUMO

Homoarginine has come into the focus of interest as a biomarker for cardiovascular disease. Atrial fibrillation (AF) causes a substantial increase in morbidity and mortality. Whether circulating homoarginine is associated with occurrence or persistence of AF and may serve as a new predictive biomarker remains unknown. We measured plasma levels of homoarginine in the population-based Gutenberg health study (3761 patients included, of them 51.7% males), mean age 55.6 ± 10.9 years-old. Associations between homoarginine and intermediate electrocardiographic and echocardiographic phenotypes and manifest AF were examined. Patients with AF (124 patients, of them 73.4% males) had a mean age 64.8 ± 8.6 years-old compared to a mean age of 55.3 ± 10.9 in the population without AF (p-value < 0.001) and showed a less beneficial risk factor profile. The median homoarginine levels in individuals with and without AF were 1.9 µmol/L (interquartile range (IQR) 1.5⁻2.5) and 2.0 µmol/L (IQR 1.5⁻2.5), respectively, p = 0.56. In multivariable-adjusted regression analyses homoarginine was not statistically significantly related to electrocardiographic variables. Among echocardiographic variables beta per standard deviation increase was -0.12 (95% confidence interval (CI) -0.23⁻(-0.02); p = 0.024) for left atrial area and -0.01 (95% CI -0.02⁻(-0.003); p = 0.013) for E/A ratio. The odds ratio between homoarginine and AF was 0.91 (95% CI 0.70⁻1.16; p = 0.45). In our large, population-based cross-sectional study, we did not find statistically significant correlations between lower homoarginine levels and occurrence or persistence of AF or most standard electrocardiographic phenotypes, but some moderate inverse associations with echocardiographic left atrial size and E/A. Homoarginine may not represent a strong biomarker to identify individuals at increased risk for AF. Further investigations will be needed to elucidate the role of homoarginine and cardiac function.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Homoarginina/sangue , Fenótipo , Características de Residência , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
18.
Respiration ; 96(3): 249-258, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30001556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is a major prognostic predictor in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the prognostic impact of a newly developed index merging haemodynamic parameters into 1 variable. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed 2 cohorts of 248 patients (164 from Hamburg and 84 from Heidelberg) with invasively diagnosed PAH. During a median follow-up time of 3.6 years (3.1 and 4.0 years for Hamburg and Heidelberg, respectively), the composite endpoint of all-cause mortality and lung transplantation occurred in 57 patients (53 and 4 patients for Hamburg and Heidelberg, respectively). The RV index was developed in the Hamburg cohort and validated in the Heidelberg cohort: (right atrial pressure × pulmonary vascular resistance)/mixed venous oxygen saturation. RESULTS: Patients with a high RV index had a higher incidence of the combined endpoint in Kaplan-Meier analyses in the Hamburg and Heidelberg cohort (p = 0.017 and p = 0.034, respectively). The calculated RV index cut-off value was 91 and identified patients with a worse outcome in the Hamburg cohort and showed a trend in the Heidelberg cohort (p < 0.001 and p = 0.089, respectively). The RV index in Cox regression hazard models was an independent predictor of outcomes after adjustment for sex and age in both cohorts (Hamburg: hazard ratio [HR] 1.26 [95% CI 1.08, 1.47], p = 0.0027; Heidelberg: HR 2.27 [95% CI 1.46, 3.51], p < 0.001). A nomogram based on these results allowed risk stratification. CONCLUSION: Merging 3 haemodynamic variables into 1 variable, the RV index increased the prognostic power up to an independent risk factor. The RV index is easy to calculate and allows the construction of a nomogram for an individualized risk assessment.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Função Ventricular Direita , Idoso , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nomogramas , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco
19.
Atherosclerosis ; 275: 256-261, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29980052

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Guidelines recommend a healthy diet as a cornerstone of cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. Although the Mediterranean diet (MD) is the best studied dietary pattern for CV outcomes, data on association between MD and severity of CAD are limited. Therefore, we analysed dietary data in association with the SYNTAX score in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients from the INTERCATH study. METHODS: The INTERCATH study is an observational study in patients undergoing coronary angiography at the University Heart Center Hamburg. Coronary morphology is assessed by the SYNTAX score. A lifestyle questionnaire collects dietary data with food frequency questions at baseline. Based on seven dietary characteristics, we calculated an established Mediterranean diet score (MDS) with a range of 0-28 points at which 28 points reflect maximal adherence to MD. To investigate the association of MD with severity of CAD, we performed logistic regression analysis after adjustment for confounding factors. RESULTS: Of 1121 patients, 27% were women. The median age was 70.7 years (interquartile range (IQR) 61.1,77.0). CV risk factors were distributed as expected for a CAD cohort (31.3% diabetes, 81.1% arterial hypertension, 34.0% smoking, median BMI 26.6 kg/m2 (IQR 24.1, 30.3), median LDL-C 87 mg/dL (IQR 65.0,116,6). Of all variables included, the strongest correlation with MDS was found for log (hs-CRP) (r = -0.21, p < 0.001). Adherence to MD represented by a higher MDS was significantly associated with a reduced probability for a medium/high risk SYNTAX score of ≥23 with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.923 per point increase of MDS (95% confidence interval 0.869-0.979; p = 0.0079). This association remained significant after adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors (OR 0.934, 95% CI 0.877-0.995, p = 0.035). After further adjustment for log (hs-CRP), the association remained no longer significant (OR 0.955 (0.893-1.022, p = 0.19). CONCLUSIONS: In this contemporary data set, we found an independent association of adherence to MD with a less complex CAD. Hs-CRP correlated significantly with adherence to MD and may be a marker of the vasoprotective effects of MD. These results strengthen the evidence for the protective effect of an MD pattern in CVD prevention.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/prevenção & controle , Dieta Saudável , Dieta Mediterrânea , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cooperação do Paciente , Fatores de Proteção , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Am J Cardiol ; 122(1): 76-82, 2018 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29706202

RESUMO

Sex differences in cardiovascular risk factors, cardiac structure and function, and disease and symptom burden in the common arrhythmia atrial fibrillation (AF) have not been investigated systematically at the population level. Cross-sectional data of 14,796 subjects (age range 35 to 74 years, 50.5% men) from the population-based Gutenberg Health Study were examined to show the distribution of cardiovascular risk factors by AF status and sex, and to determine sex-specific predictors for AF. The prevalence of AF was higher in men (4.3%) than in women (1.9%). Men had a worse cardiovascular risk factor profile, a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease, but fewer symptoms than women. Age-adjusted Cox regressions showed sex interactions in the association of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, triglycerides, diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, generalized anxiety disorder, and heart rate with AF. After multivariable adjustment, sex interactions were seen for thickness of interventricular end-diastolic septum, odds ratio (OR) per standard deviation (SD), 95% confidence interval women: 0.9 (0.8, 1.1), men: 1.2 (1.1, 1.4), interaction p value = 0.02; left atrial diameter index, OR per SD women: 1.5 (1.3, 1.8), men: 1.9 (1.7, 2.1), interaction p value = 0.03; and myocardial infarction, OR women: 2.7 (1.3, 5.6), men: 0.7 (0.5, 1.1), interaction p value = 0.002. In conclusion, in our large cohort, we observed substantial sex differences in AF distribution and clinical characteristics including comorbidities, symptom burden, and structural cardiac changes.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Vigilância da População , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
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