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1.
J Air Waste Manag Assoc ; 70(5): 544-556, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129722

RESUMO

Particulate Matter (PM) pollution is an alarming environmental problem and one of the most used PM control devices in industry is fabric filter, with a pulse-jet cleaning system. A better understanding of the flow behavior of such pulse-jets is essential to improve cleaning efficiency and diminish dust emissions. Therefore, the present study aims to analyze the flow patterns of the cleaning pulse of an industrial-scale bag filter, with high-pressure and low-pressure systems, using transient three-dimensional CFD simulations. The results show that the center bags in a row take slightly higher shares of air volume and the larger part of it is due to secondary flow. The simulations also give insights into the degree of centralization of the jets: misalignment is progressively reduced along the purge tube, being less pronounced in the high-pressure than in the low-pressure system. Although the mass flow is higher in the high-pressure system, the distribution of the flow among the bags is relatively uniform and similar for both systems.Implications: This work shows, through simulations, that the behaviour of the air pulse during the cleaning is not uniform. There is a variation of the pulse along the duct, due to the movement of the wave that is formed. Besides wave intensity and pressure, the position and shape of the cleaning nozzle also affects the air pulse.

2.
Eng. sanit. ambient ; 12(1): 79-89, jan.-mar. 2007. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-455462

RESUMO

O desempenho de unidades de contato que operam em regime de fluxo contínuo depende, entre outros, do padrão de escoamento que se desenvolve no seu interior. Já o levantamento de dados experimentais, como a elevação da superfície d'água e do campo de velocidades, não é uma tarefa fácil. Por tais razões, o uso de modelos numéricos na obtenção de padrões de escoamento em unidades de contato tem se tornado uma boa alternativa. A falta de dados hidrodinâmicos para a calibração e verificação de modelos numéricos tem sido um dos principais fatores que vem limitando o uso mais extensivo dessa ferramenta. O presente trabalho propõe uma nova técnica de calibração de modelo numérico, baseada no ajuste de curvas de passagem obtidas pelo modelo numérico e as obtidas experimentalmente ao longo das unidades de contato. A metodologia proposta é parcialmente avaliada e os resultados indicam ser essa uma técnica bastante promissora.


The performance of continuous flow contact units relies, among other factors, on the flow pattern inside them, and that the measurement of flow patterns in this type of unit is not an easy task. For this reason, the use of numerical models to obtain flow patterns in contact units has become a good alternative. However, the lack of hydrodynamic data to calibrate the models has been one of the main factors limiting a more extensive use of numerical models for this purpose. This work proposes a new calibration technique for numerical models which is based on the best fitting of measured and simulated flow through curves throughout the unit. The proposed methodology is partially evaluated and the results indicate it to be very promising.


Assuntos
Calibragem , Fluxo Contínuo , Modelos Teóricos , Modelos Teóricos , Escoamento Superficial
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