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1.
Am J Transplant ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613666

RESUMO

Kidney transplantation (KT) from deceased donors with hepatitis C virus (HCV) into HCV-negative recipients has become more common. However, the risk of complications such as BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) remains unknown. We assembled a retrospective cohort at four centers. We matched recipients of HCV-viremic kidneys to highly similar recipients of HCV-aviremic kidneys on established risk factors for BKPyV. To limit bias, matches were within the same center. The primary outcome was BKPyV viremia ≥1000 copies/ml or biopsy-proven BKPyV nephropathy; a secondary outcome was BKPyV viremia ≥10 000 copies/ml or nephropathy. Outcomes were analyzed using weighted and stratified Cox regression. The median days to peak BKPyV viremia level was 119 (IQR 87-182). HCV-viremic KT was not associated with increased risk of the primary BKPyV outcome (HR 1.26, p = .22), but was significantly associated with the secondary outcome of BKPyV ≥10 000 copies/ml (HR 1.69, p = .03). One-year eGFR was similar between the matched groups. Only one HCV-viremic kidney recipient had primary graft loss. In summary, HCV-viremic KT was not significantly associated with the primary outcome of BKPyV viremia, but the data suggested that donor HCV might elevate the risk of more severe BKPyV viremia ≥10 000 copies/ml. Nonetheless, one-year graft function for HCV-viremic recipients was reassuring.

2.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitor-associated acute kidney injury (ICPi-AKI) has emerged as an important toxicity among patients with cancer. METHODS: We collected data on 429 patients with ICPi-AKI and 429 control patients who received ICPis contemporaneously but who did not develop ICPi-AKI from 30 sites in 10 countries. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify predictors of ICPi-AKI and its recovery. A multivariable Cox model was used to estimate the effect of ICPi rechallenge versus no rechallenge on survival following ICPi-AKI. RESULTS: ICPi-AKI occurred at a median of 16 weeks (IQR 8-32) following ICPi initiation. Lower baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate, proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use, and extrarenal immune-related adverse events (irAEs) were each associated with a higher risk of ICPi-AKI. Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis was the most common lesion on kidney biopsy (125/151 biopsied patients [82.7%]). Renal recovery occurred in 276 patients (64.3%) at a median of 7 weeks (IQR 3-10) following ICPi-AKI. Treatment with corticosteroids within 14 days following ICPi-AKI diagnosis was associated with higher odds of renal recovery (adjusted OR 2.64; 95% CI 1.58 to 4.41). Among patients treated with corticosteroids, early initiation of corticosteroids (within 3 days of ICPi-AKI) was associated with a higher odds of renal recovery compared with later initiation (more than 3 days following ICPi-AKI) (adjusted OR 2.09; 95% CI 1.16 to 3.79). Of 121 patients rechallenged, 20 (16.5%) developed recurrent ICPi-AKI. There was no difference in survival among patients rechallenged versus those not rechallenged following ICPi-AKI. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who developed ICPi-AKI were more likely to have impaired renal function at baseline, use a PPI, and have extrarenal irAEs. Two-thirds of patients had renal recovery following ICPi-AKI. Treatment with corticosteroids was associated with improved renal recovery.

3.
Clin Transplant ; : e14466, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545965

RESUMO

The demand for transplantable kidneys continues to outstrip supply, and the risk of donor-derived infection limits utilization. The effect of donor or recipient HBV status, defined by surface antigen (HBsAg) positivity, on long-term survival outcomes of kidney transplant (KT) is unknown. We conducted a retrospective cohort study based on Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) data from 2000 to 2019. We identified three cohorts based on donor (D) or recipient (R) HBsAg status: D-R-, D-R+, and D+R-. Pairwise comparisons of patient survival (PS) and all-cause graft survival (GS) after propensity score matching were performed to assess the effect of HBV infection in KT recipients. Results showed that there were no statistically significant differences in PS and GS among D-R-, D-R+, and D+R- groups, nor was the patient or graft survival different between donor and recipient HBsAg+ status. Finally, in 2019 kidney discard rates were 15% higher for HBsAg+ deceased donors compared to HBsAg- donors. HBsAg+ status was not associated with worse PS or GS after KT. Prior to broadly advocating utilization of HbsAg+ kidneys, further studies assessing KT recipient morbidity and safety are necessary. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 116(9): 1924-1928, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465694

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We evaluated 8, 12, or 24 weeks of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir in patients with hepatitis C virus and end-stage renal disease undergoing dialysis. METHODS: Primary efficacy end point was sustained virologic response 12 weeks after treatment. Primary safety end point was treatment discontinuation because of adverse events (AEs). RESULTS: Ninety-four percent (89/95) achieved sustained virologic response 12 weeks after treatment. Six patients died during treatment (n = 4) or before study completion (n = 2); no deaths were related to treatment. No patients discontinued treatment because of AEs. Thirteen percent had serious AEs; none were related to treatment. DISCUSSION: Treatment with ledipasvir/sofosbuvir was safe and effective in patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing dialysis.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Benzimidazóis/uso terapêutico , Fluorenos/uso terapêutico , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Sofosbuvir/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Benzimidazóis/administração & dosagem , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Fluorenos/administração & dosagem , Hepatite C/complicações , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sofosbuvir/administração & dosagem , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Eur J Cancer ; 157: 50-58, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with genitourinary cancers, the effect of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) on kidney function is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and urothelial carcinoma who received ICIs at two major cancer centers between 2012 and 2018. Cumulative incidence and Fine and Gray subdistribution hazard models were performed to determine predictors of the co-primary outcomes, (1) acute kidney injury (AKI) and (2) sustained estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) loss, defined as a >20% decline in eGFR sustained ≥90 days. We also determined the association between immune-related adverse events (irAE) and adverse kidney outcomes among patients surviving ≥1 year. RESULTS: 637 patients were included; 320 (50%) patients had RCC and 317 (50%) patients had urothelial carcinoma. Half of the cohort had eGFR<60 mL/min/1.73 m2 at baseline. irAEs, AKI, and sustained eGFR loss were common, occurring in 33%, 25% and 16%, respectively. Compared to patients with urothelial carcinoma, patients with RCC were more likely to develop irAEs (aHR 1.61, 95% CI 1.20-2.18) and sustained eGFR loss (aHR 1.97, 95% CI 1.24-3.12), but not AKI (aHR 1.53, 95% CI 0.97-2.41). Among patients surviving ≥1 years, experiencing a non-renal irAE was associated with a significantly higher risk of sustained eGFR loss (aHR 1.71, 95% CI 1.14-2.57). CONCLUSION: AKI and sustained eGFR loss are common in patients with genitourinary cancers receiving ICIs. irAEs may be a novel risk factor for kidney function decline among patients receiving ICIs.

6.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(9)2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In 2017, Massachusetts General Hospital implemented the Severe Immunotherapy Complications (SIC) Service, a multidisciplinary care team for patients hospitalized with immune-related adverse events (irAEs), a unique spectrum of toxicities associated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). This study's objectives were to evaluate the intervention's (1) effect on patient outcomes and healthcare utilization, and (2) ability to collect biological samples via a central infrastructure, in order to study the mechanisms responsible for irAEs. METHODS: A hospital database was used to identify patients who received ICIs for a malignancy and were hospitalized with severe irAEs, before (April 2, 2016-October 3, 2017) and after (October 3, 2017-October 24, 2018) SIC Service initiation. The primary outcome was readmission rate after index hospitalization. Secondary outcomes included length of stay (LOS) for admissions, corticosteroid and non-steroidal second-line immunosuppression use, ICI discontinuation, and inpatient mortality. RESULTS: In the pre-SIC period, 127 of 1169 patients treated with ICIs were hospitalized for irAEs; in the post-SIC period, 122 of 1159. After SIC service initiation, reductions were observed in irAE readmission rate (14.8% post-SIC vs 25.9% pre-SIC; OR 0.46; 95% CI 0.22 to 0.95; p=0.036) and readmission LOS (median 6 days post-SIC vs 7 days pre-SIC; 95% CI -16.03 to -0.14; p=0.046). No significant pre-initiation and post-initiation differences were detected in corticosteroid use, second-line immunosuppression, ICI discontinuation, or inpatient mortality rates. The SIC Service collected 789 blood and tissue samples from 234 patients with suspected irAEs. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to report that establishing a highly subspecialized care team focused on irAEs is associated with improved patient outcomes and reduced healthcare utilization. Furthermore, the SIC Service successfully integrated blood and tissue collection safety into routine care.

8.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253581

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cancer immunotherapy has markedly improved the prognosis of patients with a broad variety of malignancies. However, benefits are weighed against unique toxicities, with immune-related adverse events (irAE) that are frequent and potentially life-threatening. The diagnosis and management of these events are challenging due to heterogeneity of timing onset, multiplicity of affected organs, and lack of non-invasive monitoring techniques. We demonstrate the use of a granzyme B-targeted PET imaging agent (GZP) for irAE identification in a murine model. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We generated a model of immunotherapy-induced adverse events in Foxp3-DTR-GFP mice bearing MC38 tumors. GZP PET imaging was performed to evaluate organs non-invasively. We validated imaging with ex vivo analysis, correlating the establishment of these events with the presence of immune infiltrates and granzyme B upregulation in tissue. To demonstrate the clinical relevance of our findings, the presence of granzyme B was identified through immunofluorescence staining in tissue samples of patients with confirmed checkpoint inhibitor-associated adverse events. RESULTS: GZP PET imaging revealed differential uptake in organs affected by irAEs, such as colon, spleen, and kidney, which significantly diminished after administration of the immunosuppressor dexamethasone. The presence of granzyme B and immune infiltrates were confirmed histologically and correlated with significantly higher uptake in PET imaging. The presence of granzyme B was also confirmed in samples from patients that presented with clinical irAEs. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate an interconnection between the establishment of irAEs and granzyme B presence and, for the first time, the visualization of those events through PET imaging.

9.
Kidney Int Rep ; 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34307971

RESUMO

Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in patients with severe COVID-19. We sought to compare the AKI incidence and outcomes among patients hospitalized with COVID-19 and with influenza. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of patients with COVID-19 hospitalized between March-May 2020 and historical controls hospitalized with influenza A or B between January 2017 and December 2019 within a large healthcare system. Cox proportional hazards models were used to compare the risk of AKI during hospitalization. Secondary outcomes included AKI recovery, mortality, new-onset chronic kidney disease (CKD) and ≥ 25% estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline. Results: A total of 2425 patients were included; 1091 (45%) had COVID-19 and 1334 (55%) had influenza. Overall AKI rate was 23% and 13% in patients with COVID-19 and influenza, respectively. Compared to influenza, hospitalized patients with COVID-19 had an increased risk of developing AKI (adjusted hazard ratio, aHR 1.58, 95% CI 1.29-1.94). Patients with AKI were more likely to die during hospital when infected with COVID-19 vs. influenza (aHR 3.55, 95% CI 2.11-5.97). Among patients surviving to hospital discharge, the rate of AKI recovery was lower in patients with COVID-19 (aHR 0.47, 95% CI 0.36-0.62); however, among patients followed for ≥ 90 days, new-onset CKD (aHR 1.24, 95% CI 0.86-1.78) and ≥ 25% eGFR decline at last follow-up (aHR 1.36, 95% CI 0.97-1.90) were not significantly different between the cohorts. Conclusion: AKI and mortality rates are significantly higher in COVID-19 than influenza; however, kidney recovery among long-term survivors appears to be similar.

10.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(7)2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215691

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have revolutionized the treatment of cancer, improving outcomes in patients with advanced malignancies. The use of ICIs in clinical practice, and the number of ICI clinical trials, are rapidly increasing. The use of ICIs in combination with other forms of cancer therapy, such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or targeted therapy, is also expanding. However, immune-related adverse events (irAEs) can be serious in up to a third of patients. Critical questions remain surrounding the characteristics and outcomes of irAEs, and how they may affect the overall risk-benefit relationship for combination therapies. This article proposes a framework for irAE classification and reporting, and identifies limitations in the capture and sharing of data on irAEs from current clinical trial and real-world data. We outline key gaps and suggestions for clinicians, clinical investigators, drug sponsors, patients, and other stakeholders to make these critical data more available to researchers for pooled analysis, to advance contemporary understanding of irAEs, and ultimately improve the efficacy of ICIs.

12.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(6)2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the occurrence, associations and outcomes of pericardial effusions and pericarditis on or after treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). METHODS: This was a retrospective study at a single academic center that compared 2842 consecutive patients who received ICIs with 2699 age- and cancer-type matched patients with metastatic disease who did not receive ICI. A pericardial event was defined as a composite outcome of pericarditis and new or worsening moderate or large pericardial effusion. The endpoints were obtained through chart review and were blindly adjudicated. To identify risk factors associated with a pericardial event, we compared patients who developed an event on an ICI with patients treated with an ICI who did not develop a pericardial event. Cox proportional-hazard model and logistical regression analysis were performed to study the association between ICI use and pericardial disease as well as pericardial disease and mortality. An additional 6-week landmark analysis was performed to account for lead-time bias. RESULTS: There were 42 pericardial events in the patients treated with ICI (n=2842) over 193 days (IQR: 64-411), yielding an incidence rate of 1.57 events per 100 person-years. There was a more than fourfold increase in risk of pericarditis or a pericardial effusion among patients on an ICI compared with controls not treated with ICI after adjusting for potential confounders (HR 4.37, 95% CI 2.09 to 9.14, p<0.001). Patients who developed pericardial disease while on an ICI had a trend for increased all-cause mortality compared with patients who did not develop a pericardial event (HR 1.53, 95% CI 0.99 to 2.36, p=0.05). When comparing those who developed pericardial disease after ICI treatment with those who did not, a higher dose of corticosteroid pre-ICI (>0.7 mg/kg prednisone) was associated with increased risk of pericardial disease (HR 2.56, 95% CI 1.00 to 6.57, p=0.049). CONCLUSIONS: ICI use was associated with an increased risk of development of pericardial disease among patients with cancer and a pericardial event on an ICI was associated with a trend towards increase in mortality.

13.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(4)2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for treatment of immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI)-induced nephritis are not evidence based and may lead to excess corticosteroid exposure. We aimed to compare a rapid corticosteroid taper to standard of care. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study in patients with ICI-induced nephritis comparing a rapid taper beginning with 60 mg/day prednisone and tapered to 10 mg within 3 weeks to a historical control group that began 60 mg/day tapered to 10 mg within 6 weeks (standard of care). Renal recovery was defined as creatinine returning to within 1.5-fold baseline. The log-rank test compared the differences in time to renal recovery between the groups. We report rates of renal recovery at 30, 60 and 90 days, and timing and outcomes of ICI rechallenge. RESULTS: Thirteen patients received rapid corticosteroid taper and 14 patients received standard of care. Baseline characteristics were similar between groups. The median time to ≤10 mg/day prednisone was 20 days (IQR 15-25) in the rapid-taper group compared with 38 days (IQR 30-58) in the standard-of-care group. There was no significant difference in the time to renal recovery between the groups, though numerically higher numbers of patients recovered by 30 days, 11 (85%) in the rapid-taper arm versus 6 (46%) in the standard of care arm. Exposure to other nephritis-causing medications (proton pump inhibitor or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole) during the corticosteroid taper was more common in the standard of care group, 9 (64%) versus rapid-taper group, 2 (15%), and was associated with longer time to renal recovery, 20 days (IQR 14-101) versus 13 days (IQR 7-34) in those that discontinued nephritis-causing medications. Fifteen (56%) of patients were rechallenged with ICIs, and only two (13%) developed recurrent nephritis. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with ICI-induced nephritis have excellent kidney outcomes when treated with corticosteroids that are tapered over 3 weeks.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848334

RESUMO

Sofosbuvir, a nucleotide inhibitor of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) polymerase, is a component of several all-oral HCV therapies. GS-331007, sofosbuvir's predominant metabolite, is renally eliminated and accumulates 5-fold to 20-fold in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) or undergoing hemodialysis, respectively. Pre-clinical data did not determine whether these exposures represented a risk for toxicity. Therefore, subjects with advanced CKD were not included in registrational studies, and sofosbuvir was not initially approved for use in advanced CKD. Nevertheless, after initial licensing, off-label use of sofosbuvir at full or reduced doses was reported in patients with kidney disease. Two clinical trials of sofosbuvir-containing therapies were conducted in patients with end-stage kidney disease demonstrating safety and efficacy. These led to expanded FDA approval in 2019 for the use of sofosbuvir-containing regimens in patients with advanced CKD, including dialysis dependence. Even so, given the availability of protease-inhibitor containing DAA regimens, there was a reluctance by some practitioners to use sofosbuvir-containing regimens in moderate to severe renal disease. Here we review the existing data on sofosbuvir's pharmacokinetics, toxicology, efficacy, and safety in patients with kidney disease. Data from both clinical trials and real-world practice settings indicate that in patients with moderate to severe kidney disease, full-dose sofosbuvir-based regimens have high rates of efficacy and acceptable safety and tolerability profiles, without increased risk for cardiac adverse events or clinically meaningful changes in kidney function. Conclusion. Sofosbuvir-based regimens are safe and effective in patients who have moderate to severe kidney disease, including those undergoing hemodialysis.

15.
Oncologist ; 26(6): 514-522, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to characterize severe immune-related adverse events (irAEs) seen among hospitalized patients and to examine risk factors for irAE admissions and clinically relevant outcomes, including length of stay, immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) discontinuation, readmission, and death. METHODS: Patients who received ICI therapy (ipilimumab, pembrolizumab, nivolumab, atezolizumab, durvalumab, avelumab, or any ICI combination) at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and were hospitalized at MGH following ICI initiation between January 1, 2011, and October 24, 2018, were identified using pharmacy and hospital admission databases. Medical records of all irAE admissions were reviewed, and specialist review with defined criteria was performed. Demographic data, relevant clinical history (malignancy type and most recent ICI regimen), and key admission characteristics, including dates of admission and discharge, immunosuppressive management, ICI discontinuation, readmission, and death, were collected. RESULTS: In total, 450 admissions were classified as irAE admissions and represent the study's cohort. Alongside the increasing use of ICIs at our institution, the number of patients admitted to MGH for irAEs has gradually increased every year from 9 in 2011 to 92 in 2018. The hospitalization rate per ICI recipient has declined over that same time period (25.0% in 2011 to 8.5% in 2018). The most common toxicities leading to hospitalization in our cohort were gastrointestinal (30.7%; n = 138), pulmonary (15.8%; n = 71), hepatic (14.2%; n = 64), endocrine (12.2%; n = 55), neurologic (8.4%; n = 38), cardiac (6.7%; n = 30), and dermatologic (4.4%; n = 20). Multivariable logistic regression revealed statistically significant increases in irAE admission risk for CTLA-4 monotherapy recipients (odds ratio [OR], 2.02; p < .001) and CTLA-4 plus PD-1 combination therapy recipients (OR, 1.88; p < .001), relative to PD-1/PD-L1 monotherapy recipients, and patients with multiple toxicity had a 5-fold increase in inpatient mortality. CONCLUSION: This study illustrates that cancer centers must be prepared to manage a wide variety of irAE types and that CTLA-4 and combination ICI regimens are more likely to cause irAE admissions, and earlier. In addition, admissions for patients with multi-organ involvement is common and those patients are at highest risk of inpatient mortality. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The number of patients admitted to Massachusetts General Hospital for immune-related adverse events (irAEs) has gradually increased every year and the most common admissions are for gastrointestinal (30.7%), pulmonary (15/8%), and hepatic (14.2%) events. Readmission rates are high (29% at 30 days, 49% at 180 days) and 64.2% have to permanently discontinue immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy. Importantly, multiple concurrent toxicities were seen in 21.6% (97/450) of irAE admissions and these patients have a fivefold increased risk of inpatient death.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Massachusetts , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 51(4): 966-970, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026569

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) appears to be associated with increased arterial and venous thromboembolic disease. These presumed abnormalities in hemostasis have been associated with filter clotting during continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). We aimed to characterize the burden of CRRT filter clotting in COVID-19 infection and to describe a CRRT anticoagulation protocol that used anti-factor Xa levels for systemic heparin dosing. Multi-center study of consecutive patients with COVID-19 receiving CRRT. Primary outcome was CRRT filter loss. Sixty-five patients were analyzed, including 17 using an anti-factor Xa protocol to guide systemic heparin dosing. Fifty-four out of 65 patients (83%) lost at least one filter. Median first filter survival time was 6.5 [2.5, 33.5] h. There was no difference in first or second filter loss between the anti-Xa protocol and standard of care anticoagulation groups, however fewer patients lost their third filter in the protocolized group (55% vs. 93%) resulting in a longer median third filter survival time (24 [15.1, 54.2] vs. 17.3 [9.5, 35.1] h, p = 0.04). The rate of CRRT filter loss is high in COVID-19 infection. An anticoagulation protocol using systemic unfractionated heparin, dosed by anti-factor Xa levels is reasonable approach to anticoagulation in this population.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Farmacológicos/análise , COVID-19 , Terapia de Substituição Renal Contínua , Estado Terminal/terapia , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Heparina , Filtros Microporos/efeitos adversos , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/fisiopatologia , COVID-19/terapia , Protocolos Clínicos , Terapia de Substituição Renal Contínua/efeitos adversos , Terapia de Substituição Renal Contínua/métodos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Fator Xa/análise , Feminino , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Heparina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2
19.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 32(1): 161-176, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: AKI is a common sequela of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, few studies have focused on AKI treated with RRT (AKI-RRT). METHODS: We conducted a multicenter cohort study of 3099 critically ill adults with COVID-19 admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) at 67 hospitals across the United States. We used multivariable logistic regression to identify patient-and hospital-level risk factors for AKI-RRT and to examine risk factors for 28-day mortality among such patients. RESULTS: A total of 637 of 3099 patients (20.6%) developed AKI-RRT within 14 days of ICU admission, 350 of whom (54.9%) died within 28 days of ICU admission. Patient-level risk factors for AKI-RRT included CKD, men, non-White race, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, higher body mass index, higher d-dimer, and greater severity of hypoxemia on ICU admission. Predictors of 28-day mortality in patients with AKI-RRT were older age, severe oliguria, and admission to a hospital with fewer ICU beds or one with greater regional density of COVID-19. At the end of a median follow-up of 17 days (range, 1-123 days), 403 of the 637 patients (63.3%) with AKI-RRT had died, 216 (33.9%) were discharged, and 18 (2.8%) remained hospitalized. Of the 216 patients discharged, 73 (33.8%) remained RRT dependent at discharge, and 39 (18.1%) remained RRT dependent 60 days after ICU admission. CONCLUSIONS: AKI-RRT is common among critically ill patients with COVID-19 and is associated with a hospital mortality rate of >60%. Among those who survive to discharge, one in three still depends on RRT at discharge, and one in six remains RRT dependent 60 days after ICU admission.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/terapia , Injúria Renal Aguda/virologia , COVID-19/complicações , Cuidados Críticos , Terapia de Substituição Renal , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/mortalidade , COVID-19/terapia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
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