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1.
J Surg Oncol ; 123(4): 1030-1044, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) is predominantly performed and studied in academic centers. While developing CRS/HIPEC programs in nonacademic hospitals can increase accessibility, its safety and oncological efficacy remains unclear. We evaluated CRS/HIPEC outcomes in a nonacademic setting. METHODS: A single-center descriptive study was conducted using a prospective database. Data of all CRS/HIPEC attempts in peritoneal surface malignancies (PSM) patients from October 1994 to November 2019 were extracted. Surgical and survival outcomes were measured. Center experience was assessed by quartiles of cases. RESULTS: Overall, 856 patients underwent 948 CRS/HIPEC attempts: 788 (83%) completed CRS/HIPECs, 144 (15%) aborted HIPECs, and 16 (2%) complete cytoreductions (CC-0/1) without chemoperfusion. For completed CRS/HIPECs, median peritoneal cancer index was 24 (interquartile range: 10-33) and CC-0/1 rate was 88%. Major complications occurred in 23.5% with 30- and 100-day mortality of 1.0% and 2.3%, respectively. Median overall survival was 68 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 50-86). Median progression-free survival was 37 months (95%CI: 28-46). Incomplete cytoreduction and major complication rates decreased over time, while mortality remained low and constant. CONCLUSIONS: CRS/HIPEC at a nonacademic center with advanced surgical and auxiliary services is a safe option to treat PSM with favorable surgical and oncological outcomes.

2.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33393042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women 65 years of age or older with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) are thought to have a worse prognosis than younger patients. However, no consensus exists concerning the best treatment for ovarian cancer in this age group. This report presents outcomes for patients treated with cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). METHODS: A prospective database of EOC patients treated with CRS/HIPEC (1998-2019) was analyzed. Perioperative variables were compared by treatment including upfront CRS/HIPEC, neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus CRS/HIPEC (NACT + CRS/HIPEC), and salvage CRS/HIPEC, and by age at surgery (< 65 and ≥ 65 years). Survival analysis was performed, and outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Of the 148 patients identified, 42 received upfront CRS/HIPEC, 48 received NACT + CRS/HIPEC, and 58 received salvage CRS/HIPEC. Each group was subdivided by age groups (< 65 and ≥ 65 years). The median overall survival (OS) after the upfront CRS/HIPEC was 69.2 months for the patients < 65 years of age versus 69.3 months for those ≥ 65 years of age. The OS after NACT + CRS/HIPEC was 26.9 months for the patients < 65 years of age versus 32.9 months for those ≥ 65 years of age, and the OS after salvage CRS/HIPEC was 45.6 months for the patients < 65 years of age versus 23.9 months for those ≥ 65 years of age. The median progression-free survival (PFS) after upfront CRS/HIPEC was 41.3 months for the patients < 65 years of age versus 45.4 months for those ≥ 65 years of age. The PFS after NACT + CRS/HIPEC was 16.2 months for the patients < 65 years of age versus 11.2 months for those ≥ 65 years of age, and the PFS after salvage CRS/HIPEC was 18.7 months for the patients < 65 years of age versus 10 months for those ≥ 65 years of age. The median follow-up period for the entire cohort was 44.6 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 34.7-60.6 months]. CONCLUSION: Age and feasibility of complete cytoreduction should be considered when treatment methods are selected for elderly patients. A carefully selected elderly population can benefit significantly from aggressive treatment methods.

4.
Int J Surg Oncol ; 2020: 1467403, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33381312

RESUMO

Background: Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) showed promise as initial treatment for stage IIIC (SIII) epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC); however, stage IV (SIV) outcomes are rarely reported. We assessed our experience and outcomes treating newly diagnosed SIV EOC with NACT plus CRS/HIPEC compared to SIII patients. Methods: Advanced EOC from 2015-2018 managed with NACT (carboplatin/paclitaxel) due to unresectable disease or poor performance status followed by interval CRS/HIPEC were reviewed. Perioperative factors were assessed. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were analyzed by stage. Results: Twenty-seven FIGO stage IIIC (n = 12) and IV (n = 15) patients were reviewed. Median NACT cycles were 3 and 4, respectively. Post-NACT omental caking, ascites, and pleural effusions decreased/resolved in 91%, 91%, and 100% of SIII and 85%, 92%, and 71% of SIV. SIII/SIV median PCI was 21 and 20 obtaining 92% and 100% complete cytoreduction (≤0.25 cm), respectively. Median organ resections were 6 and 7, respectively. Grade III/IV surgical complications were 0% SIII and 23% SIV, without hospital mortality. Median time to adjuvant chemotherapy was 53 and 74 days, respectively (p=0.007). SIII OS at 1 and 2 years was 100% and 83% and 87% and 76% in SIV (p=0.269). SIII 1-year PFS was 54%; median PFS: 12 months. SIV 1- and 2- year PFS was 47% and 23%; median PFS: 12 months (p=0.944). Conclusion: Outcomes in select initially diagnosed and unresectable SIV EOC are similar to SIII after NACT plus CRS/HIPEC. SIV EOC may benefit from CRS/HIPEC, and further studies should explore this treatment approach.

5.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(13): 5026-5036, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32705513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The completeness of cytoreduction (CC) score, which quantifies residual tumor, is a major prognostic factor when treating appendiceal carcinomatosis with cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC). Both CC-0 and CC-1 are considered complete cytoreductions (CC-0/1) and associated with the best outcomes. We analyzed if the CC-0/1 definition is reliable across appendiceal histopathologic subtypes. METHODS: A prospective database of CRS/HIPEC patients with appendiceal carcinomatosis from 1998 to 2019 was reviewed to identify patients with CC-0/1. Kaplan-Meier overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) by CC-score for each histopathology were calculated. RESULTS: Overall, 297 patients had CC-0/1. Mean age was 54 ± 12 years with 67% females. Histopathologic subtypes were 45% low-grade mucinous carcinoma peritonei (LGMCP), 27% high-grade MCP (HGMCP), 20% HGMCP with signet ring cells (HGMCP-S), and 8% goblet cell adenocarcinoma (GCAC). CC-0 and CC-1 occurred in 57% and 43% of LGMCP, 65% and 35% of HGMCP, 68% and 32% of HGMCP-S, and 79% and 21% of GCAC, respectively. OS and PFS were statistically longer for CC-0 versus CC-1 in HGMCP-S (p = 0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively) and GCAC (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001), but not in LGMCP (p = 0.098 and p = 0.398) or HGMCP (p = 0.167 and p = 0.356). CONCLUSIONS: Survival outcomes for CC-0 and CC-1 after CRS/HIPEC are different for HGMCP-S and GCAC but not for LGMCP and HGMCP. In HGCMP-S and GCAC, only CC-0 should be considered a complete cytoreduction and analyzed separately from CC-1. This distinction is key to understand disease behavior, accurately address patient prognosis, and explore new treatment strategies.

6.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(13): 4908-4917, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms (LAMN) are tumors that frequently present with peritoneal spread of either acellular mucin (AM) or cellular mucin (CM). We aim to determine how mucin types and distribution affect survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using a prospective database. Newly diagnosed LAMN patients with AM versus CM treated with cytoreductive surgery/hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) were compared. Postoperative pathology reports were reviewed to assess each involved abdominal zone. Survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: Of 121 identified patients, 50 (41%) had peritoneal lesions with AM and 71 (59%) with CM. Peritoneal cancer index was lower in AM versus CM (mean: 19 ± 13 vs 28 ± 10, p = 0.004), but complete cytoreduction (CC) rates were similar (98% vs 96%, p = 0.642). The 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) was higher in AM versus CM (96% vs 69.8%, p = 0.002). CM patients had zones with both types of lesions: with and without cells. The CM subgroup analysis showed significant differences in 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) among patients with 1-3, 4-7, and 8-10 zones with cells (95.2%, 68.4%, and 35.7%, respectively, p < 0.001), but PFS was not affected by the number of zones with any lesion type. There was no difference in overall survival (OS) between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Despite comparable CC rates after CRS/HIPEC, CM patients have shorter PFS than AM patients. In CM patients, more zones with cells, but not the total number of involved zones, negatively impact PFS. Mucin type does not impact OS. It is important to assess and report mucin cellularity in LAMN specimens.

8.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(7): 2548-2556, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite meticulous preoperative diagnostics, aborted hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (AHIPEC) is a common, unsuccessful outcome of curative cytoreductive surgery (CRS)/HIPEC. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between AHIPEC and preoperative risk factors of patients with mucinous appendiceal cancer (AC). METHODS: A single-institute, case-control study was conducted using a prospective database. Potentially resectable patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis of mucinous AC origin with AHIPEC between October 1994 and February 2019 were identified. Preoperative risk factors were reviewed. Analysis was conducted by tumor grade: low-grade, high-grade, and signet ring cell carcinoma (high-S). All available tumor-type-matched successful CRS/HIPEC controls were obtained from the same database. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed. RESULTS: Overall, 21, 44, and 15 AHIPEC cases and 153, 133, and 53 tumor-matched controls were identified for low-grade, high-grade, and high-S populations, respectively. Multivariable analysis revealed preoperative cancer antigen (CA) 19-9 > 1 upper limit of normal (ULN) [odds ratio (OR) 6.32; p = 0.014], CA125 > 2 ULN (OR 7.02; p = 0.039), C-reactive protein (CRP) > 2.5 mg/L (OR 13.7; p = 0.001), and previous HIPEC (OR 7.5; p = 0.031) were significantly associated with AHIPEC in the low-grade population. Preoperative CRP > 2.5 mg/L (OR 7.77; p < 0.0001) and previous HIPEC (OR 4.69; p = 0.004) were associated with AHIPEC in a multivariable model for high-grade AC. No single factor showed a significant association with AHIPEC in high-S patients. CONCLUSION: Risk factors vary for AHIPEC among low-grade, high-grade, and high-S AC histology. Elevated preoperative CA19-9, CA125, CRP, and previous HIPEC should be considered in the selection process for CRS/HIPEC in low-grade AC, as well as elevated CRP and previous HIPEC in high-grade AC, to avoid unnecessary surgery.

9.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(1): 179-187, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Appendiceal goblet cell adenocarcinoma (GCA) is often misclassified and mistreated due to mixed histologic features. In general, cytoreductive surgery plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) is standard of care for peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) from mucinous appendiceal tumors; however, in PC from GCA, data are limited and the role of CRS/HIPEC is controversial. We report outcomes in PC from appendiceal GCA treated with CRS/HIPEC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective institutional database of 391 CRS/HIPEC patients with appendiceal carcinomatosis from 1998 to 2018 was reviewed. Twenty-seven patients with GCA were identified. Perioperative variables were described. Survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: GCA occurred in 7% (27/391) of appendiceal CRS/HIPEC patients. Seven (26%) cases were aborted. Two patients underwent a second CRS/HIPEC for peritoneal recurrence. Median age at diagnosis was 53 years (range 39-72 years), and 12 (60%) were female. All underwent previous surgery. Seven (35%) had prior chemotherapy and received a median of 5 cycles (range 3-8). Median PCI was 6 (range 1-39). Complete cytoreduction was achieved in 95% (19/20). Grade III complications occurred in three (15%) patients, and no perioperative deaths occurred. Median follow-up was 97 months. Overall survival at 1, 3 and 5 years was 100%, 74% and 67%, respectively. Progression-free survival at 1, 3, and 5 years was 94%, 67% and 59%, respectively. CONCLUSION: CRS/HIPEC should be considered as the main treatment option for patients with PC from appendiceal GCA. When performed at a CRS/HIPEC specialty center, 5-year OS of 67% can be achieved.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Neoplasias do Apêndice/terapia , Tumor Carcinoide/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Apêndice/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Apêndice/patologia , Tumor Carcinoide/mortalidade , Tumor Carcinoide/secundário , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Células Caliciformes/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
J Glob Oncol ; 5: 1-9, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31260395

RESUMO

Breast and cervical cancers are leading causes of mortality among women in Latin America. Colombia has universal health care and a government-sponsored 10-year cancer control plan focused on prevention, early detection, and treatment. However, many administrative and social barriers have hindered its success, and a majority of patients are diagnosed at a late stage. Established in 2012, Partners for Cancer Care and Prevention (PFCCAP) works to decrease the burden of these cancers by mitigating the obstacles women face during their cancer diagnosis and treatment. Through community outreach meetings with medical personnel, hospital directors, and government officials, PFCCAP identified major barriers, including lack of trained health care personnel, few centers with adequate screening equipment, and a fragmented health system with significant administrative delays and poor continuity of care. Its solution included monthly teleconferences, biannual on-site training, quality control programs, and improved access to screening equipment. PFCCAP also initiated a patient navigation project. After implementation of the PFCCAP plan of action, from 2012 to 2018, the average time from initial consult to biopsy decreased from 65 to 20 days; from biopsy to diagnosis, 33 to 4 days; and from diagnosis to surgery, 121 to 60 days. To date, more than 1,500 women have benefited from this initiative, which has expanded to other regions. Overall, PFCCAP is creating centers of excellence in strategically located hospitals and promoting the implementation of national guidelines. Although several barriers still exist, PFCCAP is helping to implement an efficient health care model that can be replicated in other underserved populations.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/prevenção & controle , Colômbia , Relações Comunidade-Instituição , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Área Carente de Assistência Médica , Navegação de Pacientes , Projetos Piloto , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Telecomunicações , Tempo para o Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle
12.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 45(9): 1598-1606, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31109821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of systemic chemotherapy (SC) before cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) in appendiceal high-grade mucinous carcinoma peritonei (HGMCP) is controversial. We analyzed the effect of SC prior to CRS/HIPEC in HGMCP. METHODS: A prospective database of CRS/HIPEC procedures for HGMCP without signet ring cells and with signet ring cells (HGMCP-S) from 1998 to 2017 was reviewed. Exclusion criteria was prior surgery >5 regions or >2 regimens of prior SC. Perioperative variables were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 140 HGMCP/HGMCP-S identified: 64 with prior SC (preSC) and 76 without (noSC). Groups were balanced for lymph node status, complete cytoreduction rate, disease burden, complications, and postoperative SC. PreSC had more HGMCP-S, moderately/poorly differentiated histology, and longer time-to-surgery (median: 6 vs 2 months, p < 0.001). Median overall survival (mOS) was 40 vs 86 and median progression-free survival (mPFS) was 19 vs 43 months for preSC vs noSC, respectively (p = 0.006 and p = 0.007). In HGMCP-S subanalysis, mOS was 25 vs 39 and mPFS 16 vs 29 months for preSC vs noSC, respectively (p = 0.188 and p = 0.063). In moderately/poorly differentiated histology subanalysis, mOS was 38 vs 56 and mPFS 18 vs 29 months in preSC vs noSC, respectively (p = 0.199 and 0.082). Prior SC was not linked to improved OS or PFS in non-signet ring HGMCP or well-differentiated histology subanalysis. CONCLUSION: Prior SC was not associated with less disease burden, better cytoreduction rates, or improved clinical outcomes in HGMCP, regardless of histopathologic subtype. Traditional SC agents may not be effective in HGMCP in the neoadjuvant setting.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/terapia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Apêndice/terapia , Carcinoma de Células em Anel de Sinete/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias do Apêndice/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Apêndice/patologia , Carcinoma de Células em Anel de Sinete/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células em Anel de Sinete/patologia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Neoplasias Peritoneais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
13.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(7): 2268-2275, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Survival in peritoneal dissemination from appendiceal cancer after complete cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) varies within each histopathologic subtype. Analyzing patients with unique responses may uncover the mechanisms behind their extreme outcomes. We proposed a method to identify retrospectively and to characterize patients who responded exceptionally well or very poorly within each histopathologic subtype. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with low-grade mucinous carcinoma peritonei (LGMCP), high-grade MCP (HGMCP), and HGMCP with signet ring cells (HGMCP-S) with complete CRS/HIPEC (CC-0/1) was performed. Patients were divided by recurrence status. Median follow-up was calculated for each. Exceptional responders (ExR) were defined as alive without recurrence after median follow-up of the nonrecurrent group. Poor responders (PoR) were defined as disease recurrence before median follow-up of the recurrent group. Perioperative characteristics were analyzed. RESULTS: LGMCP, HGMCP, and HGMCP-S had 48 (41%), 19 (23%), and 7 (14%) ExR and 11 (10%), 20 (24%), and 20 (39%) PoR, respectively. All ExR had lower median PCI (26 vs. 36 [p = 0.004]; 13 vs. 33.5 [p < 0.001]; 3 vs. 29.5 [p = 0.001]). Fewer LGMCP and HGMCP ExR had abnormal tumor markers (36% vs. 90% [p = 0.003]; 22% vs. 74% [p = 0.003]). More HGMCP and HGMCP-S ExR had CC-0 (vs. CC-1) cytoreductions (84% vs. 50%, p = 0.041; 100% vs. 40%, p = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: Stratifying patients by recurrence status and follow-up time successfully selects ExR and PoR within each histopathologic subtype. Perioperative characteristics of ExR versus PoR differ across histopathologic subtypes, except for disease burden. Genetic analysis may further elucidate differences and aid in the development of novel targeted therapies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Apêndice/mortalidade , Quimioterapia do Câncer por Perfusão Regional/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/mortalidade , Hipertermia Induzida/mortalidade , Seleção de Pacientes , Neoplasias Peritoneais/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/patologia , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/terapia , Neoplasias do Apêndice/patologia , Neoplasias do Apêndice/terapia , Carcinoma de Células em Anel de Sinete/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células em Anel de Sinete/patologia , Carcinoma de Células em Anel de Sinete/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 45(9): 1723-1726, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30770164

RESUMO

Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a subtype of peritoneal carcinomatosis that is traditionally treated by cytoreductive surgery (CRS) followed by hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). A growing body of evidence suggests that microbes are associated with various tumor types and have been found in organs and cavities that were once considered sterile. Prior and ongoing research from our consortium of PMP researchers strongly suggests that bacteria are associated with PMP tumors. While the significance of this association is unclear, in our opinion, further research is warranted to understand whether these bacteria contribute to the development, maintenance and/or progression of PMP. Elucidation of a possible causal role for bacteria in PMP could suggest a benefit for supplementation of antibiotics to current treatment protocols.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Hipertermia Induzida , Pseudomixoma Peritoneal/microbiologia , Pseudomixoma Peritoneal/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
15.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(2): 473-481, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30523470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) is standard treatment for peritoneal dissemination from appendiceal cancer (AC); however, its role in high-grade histopathologic subtypes (high-grade mucinous carcinoma peritonei [HGMCP] and HGMCP with signet ring cells [HGMCP-S]) is controversial due to their aggressive behavior. This study analyzed clinical outcomes of high-grade AC after CRS/HIPEC. METHODS: A prospective database of CRS/HIPEC procedures for HGMCP performed from 1998-2017 was reviewed. Perioperative variables and survival were analyzed. RESULTS: Eighty-six HGMCP and 65 HGMCP-S were identified. HGMCP had more positive tumor markers (TM) (CEA/CA-125/CA-19-9) than HGMCP-S (63% vs 40%, p = 0.005). HGMCP had higher Peritoneal Cancer Index (32 vs 26, p = 0.097) and was less likely to have positive lymph nodes (LN) than HGMCP-S (28% vs 69%, p = < 0.001). Complete cytoreduction was achieved in 84% and 83%, respectively. PFS at 3- and 5-years was 59% and 48% for HGMCP vs 31% and 14% for HGMCP-S. Median PFS was 4.3 and 1.6 years, respectively (p < 0.001). OS at 3- and 5-years was 84% and 64% in HGMCP vs 38% and 25% in HGMCP-S. Median OS was 7.5 and 2.2 years, respectively (p < 0.001). LN negative HGMCP-S had longer median PFS and OS than LN positive HGMCP-S (PFS: 3.4 vs 1.5 years, p = 0.03; OS: 5.6 vs 2.1 months, p = 0.021). CONCLUSIONS: The aggressive histology of HGMCP-S is associated with poor OS, has fewer abnormal TM, and is more likely to have positive LN. However, CRS/HIPEC can achieve a 5-year survival of 25%, which may improve to 51% with negative LN.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Apêndice/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células em Anel de Sinete/mortalidade , Quimioterapia do Câncer por Perfusão Regional/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/mortalidade , Hipertermia Induzida/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Apêndice/patologia , Neoplasias do Apêndice/terapia , Carcinoma de Células em Anel de Sinete/patologia , Carcinoma de Células em Anel de Sinete/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/patologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
16.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 28(6): 1130-1137, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29975291

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Uterine sarcomas (USs) are characterized by poor response to systemic chemotherapy and high recurrence rates. This study evaluates whether the use of cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) confers survival benefit in comparison with conventional treatment modalities in patients with recurrent US. METHODS/MATERIALS: A retrospective analysis of patients with recurrent US at a single institution for an 11-year study period was performed. All women with a pathologic diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma, adenosarcoma, endometrial stromal sarcoma, or undifferentiated US were identified. Overall and disease-free survival was estimated using Kaplan-Meier method. Comparisons between the study groups were performed with the log-rank test and Cox regression. RESULTS: A total of 26 patients were identified. Five patients received chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy without surgical intervention, 14 patients underwent surgery alone or a combination of surgery and adjuvant systemic chemotherapy, and 7 patients received cytoreductive surgery with HIPEC. There was no treatment-related mortality in any group, and only 1 patient had grade III-IV surgical complications. Median disease-free survival was 2.4 months for patients with nonsurgical treatments, 5.3 months for patients treated with conventional surgery, and 11.3 months for patients treated with HIPEC. Median overall survival was 35.9 months for patients treated with conventional surgery and 43.8 months for patients treated with HIPEC. CONCLUSIONS: Our study is the first to compare survival outcomes of HIPEC versus conventional therapies for recurrent US and is suggestive of treatment benefit. Further studies with more patients and longer follow-up to evaluate the role of HIPEC in management of this disease are warranted.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/métodos , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Sarcoma/terapia , Neoplasias Uterinas/terapia , Adenossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenossarcoma/cirurgia , Adenossarcoma/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Sarcoma do Estroma Endometrial/tratamento farmacológico , Sarcoma do Estroma Endometrial/cirurgia , Sarcoma do Estroma Endometrial/terapia , Neoplasias Uterinas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Uterinas/cirurgia
17.
Clin Case Rep ; 6(6): 1142-1152, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29881584

RESUMO

Peritoneal sarcomatosis from uterine sarcoma is a rare disease with no effective treatment and poor prognosis. Cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) has successful results in peritoneal carcinomatosis from gastrointestinal/gynecological origins. We show that CRS/HIPEC is safe, feasible, and may benefit selected patients with peritoneal sarcomatosis from uterine sarcoma.

18.
Int J Surg Oncol ; 2018: 1920276, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30643644

RESUMO

Background: The role of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) from colorectal cancer (CRC) is debated. Melphalan as a perfusion agent has also demonstrated survival benefit in other recurrent and chemoresistant malignancies. Thus, we hypothesize that melphalan as a HIPEC agent may improve overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with PC from CRC. Methods: A retrospective review of a prospective database of 48 patients who underwent optimal CRS (CC-0/1) and HIPEC from 2001-2016 was performed. Nineteen had CRS/HIPEC with melphalan (group I) and 29 with mitomycin-C (group II). Survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox regression was used for multivariate analysis. Perioperative variables were compared. Results: Mean age at CRS/HIPEC was 53±10 years. Median peritoneal cancer index (PCI) was 17 vs 13 in groups I and II, respectively (p=0.86). PCI≥20 occurred in 9 (47%) and 13 (45%) patients in groups I and II, respectively. Positive lymph nodes were identified in 8/19 (42%) vs 12/29 (41%) in groups I and II, respectively (p=0.73). Multivariate analysis identified PCI≥20 as a predictive factor of survival (HR: 7.5). Median OS in groups I and II was 36 and 28 months, respectively (p=0.54). Median PFS in groups I and II was 10 and 20 months, respectively (p=0.05). Conclusions: CRS/HIPEC with MMC had longer median PFS in PC from CRC. PCI≥20 was the only independent predictive factor for survival. Until longer follow-up is available, we recommend using MMC in CRS/HIPEC for PC from CRC. Further prospective randomized studies are necessary.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/métodos , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Melfalan/uso terapêutico , Mitomicina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Peritoneais/mortalidade , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 24(7): 1783-1786, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28315061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MD Anderson Cancer Center developed a computed tomography (CT)-based preoperative assessment tool simplified preoperative assessment for appendix tumor (SPAAT) for predicting incomplete cytoreduction (IC) in low-grade mucinous adenocarcinoma (LGMA) of the appendix, based on preoperative CT scans. This study independently evaluates the tool's performance. METHODS: Seventy-six preoperative CT scans of LGMA patients were evaluated by two surgeons unfamiliar with the patients' medical history. Scores were assigned based on SPAAT criteria, with a SPAAT ≥3 predictive of IC. Binary regression analyses and area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve analyses were performed. Patients with splenic resection were excluded due to the structure of the SPAAT assessment tool. RESULTS: Seventy-six LGMA patients underwent attempted cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC). Of 68 patients, 58 had complete cytoreduction and 10 had IC; 8 patients were ineligible due to prior splenectomy. The mean SPAAT score was 0.8, with six patients having SPAAT scores ≥3. SPAAT scores ≥3 were predictive of IC, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 19 (95% confidence interval 2.8-124.1) (p = 0.002). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value were 40, 97, 50, and 90%, respectively. A SPAAT score ≥3 was not associated with worse survival prognosis. Median follow-up was 2.4 years and AUROC curve was 71%. SPAAT components with respective HR and p-values were foreshortening of the bowel mesentery (29.5; p = 0.004), and scalloping of the pancreas (9; p = 0.008), spleen (4.3; p = 0.04), portal vein (3.1; p = 0.4), and liver (2.1; p = 0.3). CONCLUSION: A SPAAT score ≥3 predicted IC based on a binary regression model. The clinical value of this score is controversial due to low sensitivity and PPV.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Apêndice/diagnóstico por imagem , Quimioterapia do Câncer por Perfusão Regional , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias Peritoneais/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/secundário , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Apêndice/patologia , Neoplasias do Apêndice/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 23(6): 1928-33, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26714951

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We evaluated the 7th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging classification in terms of overall survival (OS) in patients with PMP treated with cytoreductive surgery (CRS)/hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). METHODS: A total of 208 PMP patients treated with CRS/HIPEC were identified from a prospective database. Patients with peritoneal mucinous carcinomatosis (PMCA) were retrospectively staged at time of diagnosis according to AJCC staging classification. Patients with disseminated peritoneal adenomucinosis (DPAM) were evaluated in a separate group. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 5.2 years. Of 208 patients, 124 had PMCA and 84 patients had DPAM. According to the AJCC staging classification 47 lymph node (LN) negative patients with well-differentiated PMCA, were classified as a stage IVA. 77 patients with either moderately or poorly differentiated PMCA irrespective of LN status, or well-differentiated PMCA with positive LN were classified as stage IVB. 84 patients with DPAM, constituted a separate group. OS of stage IVA and IVB patients was 100, 90, 67, and 91, 50, and 27 for 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively (p < 0.001). OS of DPAM patients was 96, 90, and 88 % for 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively (p = 0.025 comparing to IVA). PFS was estimated for IVA and IVB PMCA patients who were considered disease free after CRS/HIPEC and was 78, 52, and 43 % in the IVA patients and 65 %, 15 %, and 0 in the IVB group at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively (p = 0.004). The adjusted HR for AJCC stages (IVA/IVB) was 3.7 (95 % confidence interval 2.0-6.7) (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The 7th edition of the AJCC staging classification is a simple, reproducible, and valid classification for staging patients with PMCA undergoing CRS/HIPEC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/patologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Apêndice/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/classificação , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Apêndice/classificação , Neoplasias do Apêndice/terapia , Quimioterapia do Câncer por Perfusão Regional , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/classificação , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
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