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1.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 13(39): 9221-9231, 2022 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36170663

RESUMO

Structural and electronic properties of ultrathin nanocrystals of chalcogenide Bi2(Tex Se1-x)3 were studied. The nanocrystals were formed from the parent compound Bi2Te2Se on as-grown and thermally oxidized Si(100) substrates using Ar-assisted physical vapor deposition, resulting in well-faceted single crystals several quintuple layers thick and a few hundreds nanometers large. The chemical composition and structure of the nanocrystals were analyzed by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, electron backscattering, and X-ray diffraction. The electron transport through nanocrystals connected to superconducting Nb electrodes demonstrated Josephson behavior, with the predominance of the topological channels [Stolyarov et al. Commun. Mater., 2020, 1, 38]. The present paper focuses on the effect of the growth conditions on the morphology, structural, and electronic properties of nanocrystals.

2.
Nano Lett ; 22(14): 5715-5722, 2022 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35820103

RESUMO

Made of a thin non-superconducting metal (N) sandwiched by two superconductors (S), SNS Josephson junctions enable novel quantum functionalities by mixing up the intrinsic electronic properties of N with the superconducting correlations induced from S by proximity. Electronic properties of these devices are governed by Andreev quasiparticles (Andreev, A. Sov. Phys. JETP 1965, 20, 1490) which are absent in conventional SIS junctions whose insulating barrier (I) between the two S electrodes owns no electronic states. Here we focus on the Josephson vortex (JV) motion inside Nb-Cu-Nb proximity junctions subject to electric currents and magnetic fields. The results of local (magnetic force microscopy) and global (transport) experiments provided simultaneously are compared with our numerical model, revealing the existence of several distinct dynamic regimes of the JV motion. One of them, identified as a fast hysteretic entry/escape below the critical value of Josephson current, is analyzed and suggested for low-dissipative logic and memory elements.

3.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(10)2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35630895

RESUMO

High-performance modeling of neurophysiological processes is an urgent task that requires new approaches to information processing. In this context, two- and three-junction superconducting quantum interferometers with Josephson weak links based on gold nanowires are fabricated and investigated experimentally. The studied cells are proposed for the implementation of bio-inspired neurons-high-performance, energy-efficient, and compact elements of neuromorphic processor. The operation modes of an advanced artificial neuron capable of generating the burst firing activation patterns are explored theoretically. A comparison with the Izhikevich mathematical model of biological neurons is carried out.

4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(26): 14953-14964, 2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32588006

RESUMO

Electrochemical aspects of Bi electrocrystallization from a bath containing bismuth nitrate in a mixture of ethylene glycol and water are addressed. Bismuth nanowires with diameters of 50-120 nm and a length of up to a few dozen microns were prepared by electrodeposition into the pores of anodic aluminium oxide templates. Crystal structure and morphology of electrodeposited materials were characterized using electron microscopy, selected area electron diffraction, and X-ray diffraction analysis. Factors affecting the formation of single or polycrystalline nanowires and their crystallographic orientation are discussed. The prospects of electrodeposited Bi nanostructures for microelectronics are illustrated by the quantitative resistivity measurements of highly texturized Bi nanowires with a diameter of ca. 100 nm and a length varying from 160 to 990 nm in a temperature range from 300 to 1.2 K.

6.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4009, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488813

RESUMO

Josephson vortices play an essential role in superconducting quantum electronics devices. Often seen as purely conceptual topological objects, 2π-phase singularities, their observation and manipulation are challenging. Here we show that in Superconductor-Normal metal-Superconductor lateral junctions Josephson vortices have a peculiar magnetic fingerprint that we reveal in Magnetic Force Microscopy (MFM) experiments. Based on this discovery, we demonstrate the possibility of the Josephson vortex generation and manipulation by the magnetic tip of a MFM, thus paving a way for the remote inspection and control of individual nano-components of superconducting quantum circuits.

7.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 2277, 2018 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29891870

RESUMO

Vortices in quantum condensates exist owing to a macroscopic phase coherence. Here we show, both experimentally and theoretically, that a quantum vortex with a well-defined core can exist in a rather thick normal metal, proximized with a superconductor. Using scanning tunneling spectroscopy we reveal a proximity vortex lattice at the surface of 50 nm-thick Cu-layer deposited on Nb. We demonstrate that these vortices have regular round cores in the centers of which the proximity minigap vanishes. The cores are found to be significantly larger than the Abrikosov vortex cores in Nb, which is related to the effective coherence length in the proximity region. We develop a theoretical approach that provides a fully self-consistent picture of the evolution of the vortex with the distance from Cu/Nb interface, the interface impedance, applied magnetic field, and temperature. Our work opens a way for the accurate tuning of the superconducting properties of quantum hybrids.

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