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3.
Pancreatology ; 21(8): 1411-1418, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602367

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is associated with debilitating refractory pain. Distinct subtypes of CP pain have been previously characterized based on severity (none, mild-moderate, severe) and temporal (none, intermittent, constant) nature of pain, but no mechanism-based tools are available to guide pain management. This exploratory study was designed to determine if potential pain biomarkers could be detected in patient serum and whether they associate with specific pain patterns. METHODS: Cytokines, chemokines, and peptides associated with nociception and pain were measured in legacy serum samples from CP patients (N = 99) enrolled in the North American Pancreatitis Studies. The unsupervised hierarchical cluster analysis was applied to cluster CP patients based on their biomarker profile. Classification and regression tree was used to assess whether these biomarkers can predict pain outcomes. RESULTS: The hierarchical cluster analysis revealed a subset of patients with predominantly constant, mild-moderate pain exhibited elevated interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-2 (IL-2), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP1) whereas patients with higher interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) were more likely to have severe pain. Interestingly, analyses of each individual biomarker revealed that patients with constant pain had reduced circulating TNFα and fractalkine. Patients with severe pain exhibited a significant reduction in TNFα as well as trends towards lower levels of IL-6 and substance P. DISCUSSION: The observations from this study indicate that unique pain experiences within the chronic pancreatitis population can be associated with distinct biochemical signatures. These data indicate that further hypothesis-driven analyses combining biochemical measurements and detailed pain phenotyping could be used to develop precision approaches for pain management in patients with chronic pancreatitis.

4.
Pediatr Transplant ; : e14167, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A paucity of research regarding the psychosocial outcomes after TPIAT exists. METHODS: Adults (>18 years), adolescents (13-18 years), and children (5-12 years) with their parents were administered questionnaires at the time of evaluation for TPIAT and 1-year postsurgery to assess psychosocial outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 13 adults (6 male, 46%; mean age 35.2 years) and 9 children/adolescents (4 female, 44.4%; mean age 11.78 years) with CP were included in the study. A total of 69.2% of the adults and 66.7% of the children and adolescents were insulin dependent at 1-year postsurgery. In adults, improvements on the SF-36 pain (p = .001) and general health (p = .045) subscales were generally observed 1-year postsurgery. Adult patients who underwent robotic-assisted surgery compared to open surgery specifically reported better general health on the SF-36 (p < .05) at 1 year. For children and adolescents, reductions in average pain in the last week (p < .05), pain interference (p < .001), and fatigue were observed (p < .05) at 1-year postsurgery. For the entire sample, using repeated measures ANOVA and covarying for age, significant differences were found 1-year postsurgery in average pain in the last week (p = .034) and pain interference with the following categories: general activity (p < .001), walking (p = .04), normal work (p = .003), sleep (p = .002), and enjoyment in life (p = .007). CONCLUSIONS: While few transplant centers offer this treatment, the improvement in quality of life suggests this may be a viable treatment option for those with CP complicated by intractable pain. (IRB Approval PRO 19080302).

5.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Digital single-operator cholangioscopy (DSOC) allows direct visualization of the biliary tree for evaluation of biliary strictures. Our objective was to assess the interobserver agreement (IOA) of DSOC interpretation for indeterminate biliary strictures using newly refined criteria. METHODS: Fourteen endoscopists were asked to review an atlas of reference clips and images of 5 criteria derived from expert consensus. They then proceeded to score 50 deidentified DSOC video clips based on the visualization of the following: (1) tortuous and dilated vessels, (2) irregular nodulations, (3) raised intraductal lesion, (4) irregular surface with or without ulcerations, and (5) friability. The endoscopists then diagnosed the clips as neoplastic or non-neoplastic. Intraclass correlation (ICC) analysis was done to evaluate interrater agreement for both criteria sets and final diagnosis. RESULTS: Clips of 41 malignant lesions and 9 benign lesions were scored. Three out of 5 revised criteria had almost perfect agreement. ICC was almost perfect for presence of tortuous and dilated vessels (0.86), raised intraductal lesions (0.90), and presence of friability (0.83); substantial agreement for presence of irregular nodulations (0.71); and moderate agreement for presence of irregular surface with or without ulcerations (0.44). The diagnostic ICC was almost perfect for neoplastic diagnosis (0.90) and non-neoplastic (0.90). The overall diagnostic accuracy using revised criteria was 77%, ranging from 64% to 88%. CONCLUSION: The IOA and accuracy rate of DSOC using the new Mendoza criteria shows a significant increase of 16% and 20% compared with previous criteria. The reference atlas helps with formal training and may improve diagnostic accuracy.

6.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 116(10): 2128-2136, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236339

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recurrent acute pancreatitis (RAP) and chronic pancreatitis (CP) are progressive inflammatory syndromes with variable features. Pain is the primary feature that contributes to low physical and mental quality of life with a third of patients reporting severe pain. Pain experience is worsened by depression. Here, we tested the hypothesis that genetic risk of the psychiatric conditions of anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with pain in CP and RAP + CP subjects. METHODS: The study cohort included phenotyped and genotyped RAP and CP patients from the North American Pancreatitis Study II of European Ancestry. Candidate genetic association studies were based on the absence of pain vs pain that is constant, constant-severe, or severe. Twenty-eight candidate genetic loci for anxiety and PTSD risk were identified in the literature and were the focus of this study. RESULTS: We identified 24 significant pain-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms within 13 loci across the 3 pain patterns in CP and RAP + CP (P < 0.002). Thirteen anxiety or PTSD genes were within these pain loci indicating nonrandom associations (P < 4.885 × 10-23). CTNND2 was associated with all pain categories and all pancreatitis etiologies. Implicated systems include neuronal signaling (HTR2A, DRD3, NPY, and BDNF), hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (NR3C1 and FKBP5), and cell-cell interaction (CTNND2 and THBS2). DISCUSSION: A component of constant and severe pain in patients with RAP and CP is associated with genetic predisposition to anxiety and PTSD. Identification of patients at risk eligible for trials of targeted treatment as a component of a multidisciplinary pain management strategy should be formally evaluated.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/genética , Loci Gênicos/genética , Dor/etiologia , Pancreatite Crônica/complicações , Pancreatite Crônica/genética , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/diagnóstico
7.
Pancreatology ; 2021 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34116939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Smoking prevalence in patients with chronic pancreatitis [CP] is high. We aimed to understand lifetime history of smoking and cohort trends in CP patients to inform effective strategies for smoking cessation. METHOD: Data on 317 CP patients from the North American Pancreatitis Study 2 [NAPS2] Continuation and Validation Study and the NAPS2 Ancillary Study were analyzed. Smoking history was assessed for each phase of life from the onset of smoking to study enrollment. Data on second-hand smoke and drinking history were also collected. We compared demographic factors, drinking history, pain level and pancreas morphology by smoking status at age 25 (non-smoking, <1 pack per day [PPD], ≥1 PPD). We compared smoking prevalence by birth cohorts: 1930-1949, 1950-1969, 1970-1989. RESULT: Fifty-one percent of CP patients reported smoking at the time of enrollment. Those who smoked ≥1 PPD at age 25 smoked a cumulative total of 30.3 pack-years of cigarettes over a lifetime. Smoking at age 25 was associated with greater lifetime drinking and greater exposure to second-hand smoke at home and at workplace. Pancreatic atrophy and pseudocysts were more common among smokers. Pancreatic pain was more severe among smokers, and 12-13% of smokers reported smoking to alleviate pain. Male CP patients born in 1950-1969 reported the highest peak prevalence of smoking, and female CP patients born in 1970-1989 reported highest peak prevalence of smoking. CONCLUSION: CP patients exhibit intense and sustained smoking behavior once established in the 20s. Regardless, cohort analyses demonstrate that the behaviors could potentially be altered by policy changes.

8.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 94(6): 1046-1055, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34186052

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Expert endoscopists previously reported ERCP outcomes for the first commercialized single-use duodenoscope. We aimed to document usability of this device by endoscopists with different levels of ERCP experience. METHODS: Fourteen "expert" (>2000 lifetime ERCPs) and 5 "less-expert" endoscopists performed consecutive ERCPs in patients without altered pancreaticobiliary anatomy. Outcomes included ERCP completion for the intended indication, rate of crossover to another endoscope, device performance ratings, and serious adverse events. RESULTS: Two hundred ERCPs including 81 (40.5%) with high complexity (American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy grades 3-4) were performed. Crossover rate (11.3% vs 2.5%, P = .131), ERCP completion rate (regardless of crossovers) (96.3% vs 97.5%, P = .999), median ERCP completion time (25.0 vs 28.5 minutes, P = .130), mean cannulation attempts (2.8 vs 2.8, P = .954), and median overall satisfaction with the single-use duodenoscope (8.0 vs 8.0 [range, 1.0-10.0], P = .840) were similar for expert versus less-expert endoscopists, respectively. The same metrics were similar by procedural complexity except for shorter median completion time for grades 1 to 2 versus grades 3 to 4 (P < .001). Serious adverse events were reported in 13 patients (6.5%). CONCLUSIONS: In consecutive ERCPs including high complexity procedures, endoscopists with varying ERCP experience had good procedural success and reported high device performance ratings. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT04223830.).

10.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 94(3): 569-576.e1, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and dominant biliary strictures carry increased risk for the development of cholangiocarcinoma. Although ERCP-based techniques including brush cytology and intraductal biopsy sampling represent first-line tissue sampling methods for dominant strictures, sensitivity is low. Probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) offers microscopic-level imaging of subepithelial biliary mucosa. Because data regarding the use of pCLE in PSC are limited, we aimed to investigate its diagnostic performance in dominant strictures. METHODS: This was a multicenter prospective study involving PSC patients with dominant strictures. ERCP with pCLE was performed with use of the Miami classification (2+ criteria for malignant diagnosis) and Paris classification. Final malignant diagnoses required histopathologic confirmation, and benign diagnoses required a minimum of 1 year of follow-up without development of cancer. RESULTS: Fifty-nine patients (mean age, 49 years; 59% men) with 63 strictures were included in the study. Stricture locations included the common bile duct (31.7%), bifurcation (22.2%), and common hepatic duct (19%). Seven patients (11.9%) were found to have cholangiocarcinoma. The sensitivity and specificity of pCLE was 85.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 42.1-99.6) and 73.1% (95% CI, 58.9-84.4), respectively. Within specific stricture locations, the highest sensitivity was seen at the bifurcation (100%; 95% CI, 2.5-100) and the right hepatic duct (100%; 95% CI, 29.2-100). The lowest sensitivities were seen at the common bile duct (25%; 95% CI, 5.5-57.2) and the left hepatic duct (28.6%; 95% CI, 3.7-70.9). CONCLUSIONS: In this prospective multicenter study, pCLE had a high sensitivity in detecting cholangiocarcinoma, but technical aspects of the probe may limit evaluation in the common bile duct and left hepatic duct. Further evaluation is needed to elucidate the role of pCLE in the algorithm of excluding neoplasia in biliary strictures associated with PSC. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT02736708.).


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Colangite Esclerosante , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/complicações , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos , Colangiocarcinoma/complicações , Colangiocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica , Colangite Esclerosante/complicações , Colangite Esclerosante/diagnóstico por imagem , Constrição Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Constrição Patológica/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lasers , Masculino , Microscopia Confocal , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
12.
Gut ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849943

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have found aristaless-related homeobox gene (ARX)/pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 (PDX1), alpha-thalassemia/mental retardation X-linked (ATRX)/death domain-associated protein (DAXX) and alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) to be promising prognostic biomarkers for non-functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (NF-PanNETs). However, they have not been comprehensively evaluated, especially among small NF-PanNETs (≤2.0 cm). Moreover, their status in neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) from other sites remains unknown. DESIGN: An international cohort of 1322 NETs was evaluated by immunolabelling for ARX/PDX1 and ATRX/DAXX, and telomere-specific fluorescence in situ hybridisation for ALT. This cohort included 561 primary NF-PanNETs, 107 NF-PanNET metastases and 654 primary, non-pancreatic non-functional NETs and NET metastases. The results were correlated with numerous clinicopathological features including relapse-free survival (RFS). RESULTS: ATRX/DAXX loss and ALT were associated with several adverse prognostic findings and distant metastasis/recurrence (p<0.001). The 5-year RFS rates for patients with ATRX/DAXX-negative and ALT-positive NF-PanNETs were 40% and 42% as compared with 85% and 86% for wild-type NF-PanNETs (p<0.001 and p<0.001). Shorter 5-year RFS rates for ≤2.0 cm NF-PanNETs patients were also seen with ATRX/DAXX loss (65% vs 92%, p=0.003) and ALT (60% vs 93%, p<0.001). By multivariate analysis, ATRX/DAXX and ALT status were independent prognostic factors for RFS. Conversely, classifying NF-PanNETs by ARX/PDX1 expression did not independently correlate with RFS. Except for 4% of pulmonary carcinoids, ATRX/DAXX loss and ALT were only identified in primary (25% and 29%) and NF-PanNET metastases (62% and 71%). CONCLUSIONS: ATRX/DAXX and ALT should be considered in the prognostic evaluation of NF-PanNETs including ≤2.0 cm tumours, and are highly specific for pancreatic origin among NET metastases of unknown primary.

13.
Pancreatology ; 21(3): 649-657, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33674197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Pain burn-out during the course of chronic pancreatitis (CP), proposed in the 1980s, remains controversial, and has clinical implications. We aimed to describe the natural course of pain in a well-characterized cohort. METHODS: We constructed the clinical course of 279 C P patients enrolled from 2000 to 2014 in the North American Pancreatitis Studies from UPMC by retrospectively reviewing their medical records (median observation period, 12.4 years). We assessed abdominal pain at different time points, characterized pain pattern (Type A [short-lived pain episodes] or B [persistent pain and/or clusters of recurrent severe pain]) and recorded information on relevant covariates. RESULTS: Pain at any time, at the end of follow-up, Type A pain pattern or B pain pattern was reported by 89.6%, 46.6%, 34% and 66% patients, respectively. In multivariable analyses, disease duration (time from first diagnosis of pancreatitis to end of observation) did not associate with pain - at last clinical contact (OR, 1.0, 95% CI 0.96-1.03), at NAPS2 enrollment (OR 1.02, 95% CI 0.96-1.07) or Type B pain pattern (OR 1.01, 95% CI 0.97-1.04). Patients needing endoscopic or surgical therapy (97.8 vs. 75.2%, p < 0.001) and those with alcohol etiology (94.7 vs. 84.9%, p = 0.007) had a higher prevalence of pain. In multivariable analyses, invasive therapy associated with Type B pain and pain at last clinical contact. CONCLUSIONS: Only a subset of CP patients achieve durable pain relief. There is urgent need to develop new strategies to evaluate and manage pain, and to identify predictors of response to pain therapies for CP.


Assuntos
Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Pancreatite Crônica/fisiopatologia , Dor Abdominal/diagnóstico , Dor Abdominal/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Pancreatite Crônica/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33783691

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Digital single-operator cholangioscopy (DSOC) (SpyGlass DS™, Boston Scientific, MA, USA) allows for high-definition imaging of the biliary tree. The superior visualization has led to the development of two different sets of criteria to evaluate and classify indeterminate biliary strictures: the Monaco criteria and the criteria in Carlos Robles-Medranda's publication (CRM). Our objective was to assess the interrater agreement (IA) of DSOC interpretation for indeterminate biliary strictures using the two newly published criteria. METHODS: Forty de-identified DSOC video recordings were sent to 15 interventional endoscopists with experience in cholangioscopy. They were asked to score the videos based on the presence of Monaco Classification criteria: stricture, lesion, mucosal changes, papillary projections, ulceration, white linear bands or rings, and vessels. Next, they scored the videos using CRM criteria: villous pattern, polypoid pattern, inflammatory pattern, flat pattern, ulcerate pattern and honeycomb pattern. The endoscopists then diagnosed the recordings as neoplastic or non-neoplastic based on the criteria. Intraclass correlation (ICC) analysis was done to evaluate interrater agreement for both criteria set and final diagnosis. RESULTS: Recordings of 26 malignant lesions and 14 benign lesions were scored. The IA using both the Monaco criteria and CRM criteria ranged from poor to excellent (range 0.1-0.76) and (range 0.1-0.62), respectively. Within the Monaco criteria, IA was excellent for lesion (0.75) and fingerlike papillary projections (0.74); good for tortuous vessels (0.7), mucosal features (0.62), uniform papillary projections (0.53), and ulceration (0.58); and fair for white linear bands (0.4). Within the CRM criteria, the IA was good for villous pattern (0.62), flat pattern (0.62), and honeycomb pattern; fair for ulcerated pattern (0.56), polypoid pattern (0.52) and inflammatory pattern (0.54). The diagnostic IA using Monaco criteria was good (0.65), while the diagnostic IA using CRM was fair (0.58). The overall diagnostic accuracy using the Monaco classification was 61% and CRM criteria were 57%. CONCLUSION: The IOA and accuracy rate of DSOC using visual criteria from both Monaco Criteria and CRM are similar. However, some criteria from both sets suffer from poor IA, thus affecting the overall diagnostic accuracy. More formal training and refinements in visual criteria with additional validation are needed to improve diagnostic accuracy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02166099.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33716141

RESUMO

The concept that sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) can cause attacks of biliary-type pain in postcholecystectomy patients and those with unexplained recurrent acute pancreatitis, and that endoscopic sphincterotomy can ameliorate symptoms, remains unproven. The Evaluating Predictors and Interventions in Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction (EPISOD) study of patients without objective evidence for biliary obstruction showed no difference in outcomes between those who underwent sphincterotomy or sham treatment.1 To date, there have been no studies examining the characteristics of patients who still are being offered endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for SOD since the EPISOD publication, although the absolute number appears to have declined.2.

17.
Surg Endosc ; 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543349

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Treatment of pancreaticobiliary pathology following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) poses significant technical challenges. Laparoscopic-assisted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (LA-ERCP) can overcome those anatomical hurdles, allowing access to the papilla. Our aims were to analyze our 12-year institutional outcomes and determine the learning curve for LA-ERCP. METHODS: A retrospective review of cases between 2007 and 2019 at a high-volume pancreatobiliary unit was performed. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of specific outcomes. To identify the learning curve, CUSUM analyses and innovative methods for standardizing the surgeon's timelines were performed. RESULTS: 131 patients underwent LA-ERCP (median age 60, 81% females) by 17 surgeons and 10 gastroenterologists. Cannulation of the papilla was achieved in all cases. Indications were choledocholithiasis (78%), Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction/Papillary stenosis (18%), management of bile leak (2%) and stenting/biopsy of malignant strictures (2%). Median total, surgical and ERCP times were 180, 128 and 48 min, respectively, and 47% underwent concomitant cholecystectomy. Surgical site infection developed in 9.2% and post-ERCP pancreatitis in 3.8%. Logistic regression revealed multiple abdominal operations and magnitude of BMI decrease (between RYGB and LA-ERCP) to be predictive of conversion to open approach. CUSUM analysis of operative time demonstrated a learning curve at case 27 for the surgical team and case 9 for the gastroenterology team. On binary cut analysis, 3-5 cases per surgeon were needed to optimize operative metrics. CONCLUSION: LA-ERCP is associated with high success rates and low adverse events. We identify outcome benchmarks and a learning curve for new adopters of this increasingly performed procedure.

19.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(5): 2438-2446, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523364

RESUMO

AIMS: National studies have demonstrated disparities in the treatment and survival of pancreatic cancer patients based on socioeconomic status (SES). This study aimed to identify specific differences in perioperative management and outcomes based on patient SES and to study the role of a multidisciplinary clinic (MDC) in mitigating any variations. METHODS: The study analyzed patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in a large hospital system. The patients were categorized into groups of high and low SES and whether they were managed by the authors' pancreatic cancer MDC or not. The study compared differences in disease characteristics, receipt of multimodality therapy, perioperative outcomes, and recurrence-free and overall survival. RESULTS: Of the 162 low-SES patients and 119 high-SES patients, 54% were managed in the MDC. Outside the MDC, low-SES patients were less likely to receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy and had less minimally invasive surgery, a longer OR time, less enhanced recovery participation, and more major complications (p < 0.05). No SES disparities were observed among the MDC patients. Despite similar tumor characteristics, the low-SES patients had inferior median overall survival (21 vs 32 months; p = 0.005), but the MDC appeared to eliminate this disparity. Low SES correlated with inferior survival for the non-MDC patients (17 vs 32 months; p < 0.001), but not for the MDC patients (24 vs 25 months; p = 0.33). These findings persisted in the multivariable analysis. CONCLUSION: A pancreatic cancer MDC standardizes treatment decisions, eliminates disparities in surgical outcomes, and improves survival for low-SES patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Pancreatectomia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Classe Social
20.
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 19(2): 349-357, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32240833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Idiopathic chronic pancreatitis (ICP) is the second most common subtype of CP. In 1994, researchers reported the bimodal age at onset of ICP symptoms: early onset ICP (EO-ICP; median age, 19.2 y) and late-onset ICP (LO-ICP; median age, 56.2 y). Ages of onset and clinical features of ICP differed from those of alcohol-related CP (ACP). However, variants in PRSS1 had not yet been associated with ICP. We reexamined ages of onset of ICP in a large, North American cohort of patients, and investigated the effects of genetic factors and alcohol use in patients with EO-ICP, LO-ICP, and ACP. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of patients with CP of European ancestry enrolled in the North American Pancreatitis Study 2, a prospective study of 1195 patients with CP from 26 centers in the United States from August 2000 through December 2014. We compared age at onset of symptoms for 130 patients with CP who were lifetime abstainers from alcohol (61 patients with early onset and 69 patients with late onset), 308 light to moderate alcohol drinkers with CP, and 225 patients with ACP and heavy to very heavy alcohol use. DNA from available patients was analyzed for variants associated with CP in SPINK1, CFTR, and CTRC. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare continuous variables across groups and based on genetic variants. RESULTS: Median ages at onset of symptoms were 20 years for patients with EO-ICP and no alcohol use, 58 years for patients with LO-ICP and no alcohol use, 47 years for light to moderate alcohol drinkers with CP, and 44 years for patients with ACP. A higher proportion of patients with EO-ICP had constant pain (65%) than patients with LO-ICP (31%) (P = .04). A higher proportion of patients with ACP had pseudocysts (43%) than patients with EO-ICP (11%) (P = .001). A higher proportion of patients with EO-ICP had pathogenic variants in SPINK1, CFTR, or CTRC (49%) than patients with LO-ICP (23%), light to moderate alcohol drinking with CP (26%), or ACP (23%) (P = .001). Among patients with variants in SPINK1, those with EO-ICP had onset of symptoms at a median age of 12 years, and light to moderate alcohol drinkers with CP had an age at onset of 24 years. Among patients with variants in CFTR, light to moderate alcohol drinkers had an age at onset of symptoms of 41 years, but this variant did not affect age at onset of EO-ICP or ACP. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed previously reported ages at onset of symptoms for EO-ICP and LO-ICP in a North American cohort. We found differences in clinical features among patients with EO-ICP, LO-ICP, and ACP. Almost half of patients with EO-ICP have genetic variants associated with CP, compared with approximately one quarter of patients with LO-CP or ACP. Genetic variants affect ages at onset of symptoms in some groups.


Assuntos
Pancreatite Crônica , Adulto , Idade de Início , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , América do Norte/epidemiologia , Pancreatite Crônica/complicações , Pancreatite Crônica/epidemiologia , Pancreatite Crônica/genética , Estudos Prospectivos , Tripsina , Inibidor da Tripsina Pancreática de Kazal , Adulto Jovem
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