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1.
Science ; 366(6469): 1107-1110, 2019 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780554

RESUMO

Robustly coherent spin centers that can be integrated into devices are a key ingredient of quantum technologies. Vacancies in semiconductors are excellent candidates, and theory predicts that defects in conjugated carbon materials should also display long coherence times. However, the quantum performance of carbon nanostructures has remained stunted by an inability to alter the sp2-carbon lattice with atomic precision. Here, we demonstrate that topological tailoring leads to superior quantum performance in molecular graphene nanostructures. We unravel the decoherence mechanisms, quantify nuclear and environmental effects, and observe spin-coherence times that outclass most nanomaterials. These results validate long-standing assumptions on the coherent behavior of topological defects in graphene and open up the possibility of introducing controlled quantum-coherent centers in the upcoming generation of carbon-based optoelectronic, electronic, and bioactive systems.

2.
Life Sci Space Res (Amst) ; 22: 55-67, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421849

RESUMO

In order to facilitate studies on the impact of the space environment on biological systems, we have developed a prototype of GEMM (Gene Expression Measurement Module) - an automated, miniaturized, integrated fluidic system for in-situ measurements of gene expression in microbial samples. The GEMM instrument is capable of (1) lysing bacterial cell walls, (2) extracting and purifying RNA released from cells, (3) hybridizing the RNA to probes attached to a microarray and (4) providing electrochemical readout, all in a microfluidics cartridge. To function on small, uncrewed spacecraft, the conventional, laboratory protocols for both sample preparation and hybridization required significant modifications. Biological validation of the instrument was carried out on Synechococcus elongatus, a photosynthetic cyanobacterium known for its metabolic diversity and resilience to adverse conditions. It was demonstrated that GEMM yielded reliable, reproducible gene expression profiles. GEMM is the only high throughput instrument that can be deployed in near future on space platforms other than the ISS to advance biological research in space. It can also prove useful for numerous terrestrial applications in the field.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Exobiologia/métodos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Automação , Bactérias/genética , Exobiologia/instrumentação , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/instrumentação , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Synechococcus/genética , Synechococcus/isolamento & purificação
3.
Chem Sci ; 9(45): 8474-8481, 2018 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30568771

RESUMO

We present the design, synthesis and magnetic properties of molecular magnetic systems that contain all elements necessary for spin-valve control in molecular spintronic devices in a single molecule. We investigate the static and dynamic magnetic properties and quantum spin properties of butadiyne-linked homo- and hetero-nuclear lanthanide-porphyrin dimers. A heterometallated porphyrin dimer containing both TbIII and DyIII centres is created rationally by the stepwise oxidative homocoupling of distinct lanthanide-porphyrin monomers. TbIII and DyIII mononuclear porphyrin complexes, homodimers and heterodimers all exhibit slow magnetic relaxation below 10 kelvin under a static magnetic field. The coherence times for GdIII porphyrin monomers and dimers are found to be in excess of 3.0 µs at 2 K, allowing distinct magnetic manipulations in low temperature transport experiments.

4.
Nature ; 561(7723): E31, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29946171

RESUMO

In Fig. 1 of this Letter, there should have been two nitrogen (N) atoms at the 1,3-positions of all the blue chemical structures (next to the oxygen atoms), rather than one at the 2-position. The figure has been corrected online, and the original incorrect figure is shown as Supplementary Information to the accompanying Amendment.

5.
Nature ; 557(7707): 691-695, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29849157

RESUMO

Graphene, a single-layer network of carbon atoms, has outstanding electrical and mechanical properties 1 . Graphene ribbons with nanometre-scale widths2,3 (nanoribbons) should exhibit half-metallicity 4 and quantum confinement. Magnetic edges in graphene nanoribbons5,6 have been studied extensively from a theoretical standpoint because their coherent manipulation would be a milestone for spintronic 7 and quantum computing devices 8 . However, experimental investigations have been hampered because nanoribbon edges cannot be produced with atomic precision and the graphene terminations that have been proposed are chemically unstable 9 . Here we address both of these problems, by using molecular graphene nanoribbons functionalized with stable spin-bearing radical groups. We observe the predicted delocalized magnetic edge states and test theoretical models of the spin dynamics and spin-environment interactions. Comparison with a non-graphitized reference material enables us to clearly identify the characteristic behaviour of the radical-functionalized graphene nanoribbons. We quantify the parameters of spin-orbit coupling, define the interaction patterns and determine the spin decoherence channels. Even without any optimization, the spin coherence time is in the range of microseconds at room temperature, and we perform quantum inversion operations between edge and radical spins. Our approach provides a way of testing the theory of magnetism in graphene nanoribbons experimentally. The coherence times that we observe open up encouraging prospects for the use of magnetic nanoribbons in quantum spintronic devices.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 56(9): 4911-4917, 2017 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28414438

RESUMO

Controlling the coordination sphere of lanthanoid complexes is a challenging critical step toward controlling their relaxation properties. Here we present the synthesis of hexacoordinated dysprosium single-molecule magnets, where tripodal ligands achieve a near-perfect octahedral coordination. We perform a complete experimental and theoretical investigation of their magnetic properties, including a full single-crystal magnetic anisotropy analysis. The combination of electrostatic and crystal-field computational tools (SIMPRE and CONDON codes) allows us to explain the static behavior of these systems in detail.

9.
Faraday Discuss ; 185: 347-59, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26470791

RESUMO

We report the synthesis and magnetic and photomagnetic behaviour of a novel valence tautomeric cobalt complex, [Co(3,5-dbbq)2(µ-bpym)] (1) (3,5-dbbq = 3,5-di-tert-butyl-1,2-benzoquinone and µ-bpym = 2,2'-bipyrimidine). The synthesis is performed by reacting Co2(CO)8 and µ-bpym in the presence of the ligand 3,5-dbbq in a mixed solvent under inert atmosphere. The magnetic behavior clearly shows the presence of electron transfer from the catecholate ligand to the cobalt center, producing valence tautomers of [Co(II)(SQ)2] with a transition temperature (T1/2) of 215 K. Photomagnetic studies, performed via both SQUID magnetometry and X-band electron paramagnetic resonance, show the clear presence of photoinduced valence tautomerism, at temperatures considerably higher than previous systems. A metastable charge distribution is observed, strengthening previous investigations on the character of mixed valence ligands. Entropy-driven valence tautomeric interconversion is observed, and drives the transition to the most stable charge distribution. The complex has the ability to coordinate and can be used as a photoswitchable building block, with the photomagnetic characterisation evidencing a metastable state lifetime of the photo-induced valence tautomeric process of ca. 2.9 × 10(4) s below 20 K. The observed yields are higher than ones in similar systems, showing that tiny changes in the molecular structures may have a huge impact.

11.
Nano Lett ; 15(8): 4942-7, 2015 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26218205

RESUMO

To study the magnetic dynamics of superparamagnetic nanoparticles, we use scanning probe relaxometry and dephasing of the nitrogen vacancy (NV) center in diamond, characterizing the spin noise of a single 10 nm magnetite particle. Additionally, we show the anisotropy of the NV sensitivity's dependence on the applied decoherence measurement method. By comparing the change in relaxation (T1) and dephasing (T2) time in the NV center when scanning a nanoparticle over it, we are able to extract the nanoparticle's diameter and distance from the NV center using an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck model for the nanoparticle's fluctuations. This scanning probe technique can be used in the future to characterize different spin label substitutes for both medical applications and basic magnetic nanoparticle behavior.

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