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1.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410448

RESUMO

AIMS: As many current approaches for heart regeneration exert unfavorable side-effects, the induction of endogenous repair mechanisms in ischemic heart disease is of particular interest. Recently, exosomes carrying angiogenic miRNAs have been described to improve heart function. However, it remains challenging to stimulate specific release of reparative exosomes in ischemic myocardium. In the present study, we sought to test the hypothesis that the physical stimulus of shock wave therapy (SWT) causes the release of exosomes. We aimed to substantiate the pro-angiogenic impact of the released factors, to identify the nature of their cargo, and to test their efficacy in vivo supporting regeneration and recovery after myocardial ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mechanical stimulation of ischemic muscle via SWT caused extracellular vesicle (EV) release from endothelial cells both in vitro and in vivo. Characterization of EVs via electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis and flow cytometry revealed specific exosome morphology and size with presence of exosome markers CD 9, CD81 and CD63. Exosomes exhibited angiogenic properties activating protein kinase b (Akt) and extracellular-signal regulated kinase (ERK) resulting in enhanced endothelial tube formation and proliferation. A miRNA array and transcriptome analysis via next-generation sequencing were performed to specify exosome content. miR-19a-3p was identified as responsible cargo, antimir-19a-3p antagonized angiogenic exosome effects. Exosomes and target miRNA were injected intramyocardially in mice after left anterior descending artery (LAD) ligation. Exosomes resulted in improved vascularization, decreased myocardial fibrosis and increased left ventricular ejection fraction as shown by transthoracic echocardiography. CONCLUSIONS: The mechanical stimulus of SWT causes release of angiogenic exosomes. miR-19a-3p is the vesicular cargo responsible for the observed effects. Released exosomes induce angiogenesis, decrease myocardial fibrosis and improve left ventricular function after myocardial ischemia. Exosome release via SWT could develop an innovative approach for the regeneration of ischemic myocardium.

2.
Acc Chem Res ; 52(7): 1761-1770, 2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31181910

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles are nanoparticles produced by cells. They are composed of cellular membrane with associated membrane proteins that surrounds an aqueous core containing soluble molecules such as proteins and nucleic acids, like miRNA and mRNA. They are important in many physiological and pathological processes as they can transfer biological molecules from producer cells to acceptor cells. Preparation of the niche for cancer metastasis, stimulation of tissue regeneration and orchestration of the immune response are examples of the diverse processes in which extracellular vesicles have been implicated. As a result, these vesicles have formed a source of inspiration for many scientific fields. They could be used, for example, as liquid biopsies in diagnostics, as therapeutics in regenerative medicine, or as drug delivery vehicles for transport of medicines. In this Account, we focus on drug delivery applications. As we learn more and more about these vesicles, the complexity increases. What originally appeared to be a relatively uniform population of cellular vesicles is increasingly subdivided into different subsets. Cells make various distinct vesicle types whose physicochemical aspects and composition is influenced by parental cell type, cellular activation state, local microenvironment, biogenesis pathway, and intracellular cargo sorting routes. It has proven difficult to assess the effects of changes in production protocol on the characteristics of the cell-derived vesicle population. On top of that, each isolation method for vesicles necessarily enriches certain vesicle classes and subpopulations while depleting others. Also, each method is associated with a varying degree of vesicle purity and concomitant coisolation of nonvesicular material. What emerges is a staggering heterogeneity. This constitutes one of the main challenges of the field as small changes in production and isolation protocols may have large impact on the vesicle characteristics and on subsequent vesicle activity. We try to meet this challenge by careful experimental design and development of tools that enable robust readouts. By engineering the surface and cargo of extracellular vesicles through chemical and biological techniques, favorable characteristics can be enforced while unfavorable qualities can be overruled or masked. This is coupled to the precise evaluation of the interaction of extracellular vesicles with cells to determine the extracellular vesicle uptake routes and intracellular routing. Sensitive reporter assays enable reproducible analysis of functional delivery. This systematic evaluation and optimization of extracellular vesicles improves our insight into the critical determinants of extracellular vesicle activity and should improve translation into clinical application of engineered extracellular vesicles as a new class of drug delivery systems.

3.
Mini Rev Med Chem ; 2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30864520

RESUMO

Follistatin-like 1 (FSTL1), a secreted glycoprotein, has been shown to participate in regulating developmental processes and to be involved in states of disease and injury. Spatiotemporal regulation and posttranslational modifications contribute to its specific functions and make it an intriguing candidate to study disease mechanisms and potentially develop new therapies. With cardiovascular diseases as the primary cause of death worldwide, clarification of mechanisms underlying cardiac regeneration and revascularization remains essential. Recent findings on FSTL1 in both acute coronary syndrome and heart failure emphasize its potential as a target for cardiac regenerative therapy. With this review, we aim to shed light on the role of FSTL1 specifically in cardiovascular disease and inflammation.

4.
Nat Rev Cardiol ; 16(7): 437-447, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30796369

RESUMO

The Earth turns on its axis every 24 h; almost all life on the planet has a mechanism - circadian rhythmicity - to anticipate the daily changes caused by this rotation. The molecular clocks that control circadian rhythms are being revealed as important regulators of physiology and disease. In humans, circadian rhythms have been studied extensively in the cardiovascular system. Many cardiovascular functions, such as endothelial function, thrombus formation, blood pressure and heart rate, are now known to be regulated by the circadian clock. Additionally, the onset of acute myocardial infarction, stroke, arrhythmias and other adverse cardiovascular events show circadian rhythmicity. In this Review, we summarize the role of the circadian clock in all major cardiovascular cell types and organs. Second, we discuss the role of circadian rhythms in cardiovascular physiology and disease. Finally, we postulate how circadian rhythms can serve as a therapeutic target by exploiting or altering molecular time to improve existing therapies and develop novel ones.

5.
BMC Med ; 17(1): 42, 2019 02 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782145

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cathelicidins are a major group of natural antimicrobial peptides which play essential roles in regulating host defense and immunity. In addition to the antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activities, recent studies have reported the involvement of cathelicidins in cardiovascular diseases by regulating inflammatory response and microvascular dysfunction. However, the role of cathelicidins in myocardial apoptosis upon cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury remains largely unknown. METHODS: CRAMP (cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide) levels were measured in the heart and serum from I/R mice and in neonatal mouse cardiomyocytes treated with oxygen glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGDR). Human serum cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide (LL-37) levels were measured in myocardial infarction (MI) patients. The role of CRAMP in myocardial apoptosis upon I/R injury was investigated in mice injected with the CRAMP peptide and in CRAMP knockout (KO) mice, as well as in OGDR-treated cardiomyocytes. RESULTS: We observed reduced CRAMP level in both heart and serum samples from I/R mice and in OGDR-treated cardiomyocytes, as well as reduced LL-37 level in MI patients. Knockdown of CRAMP enhanced cardiomyocyte apoptosis, and CRAMP KO mice displayed increased infarct size and myocardial apoptosis. In contrast, the CRAMP peptide reduced cardiomyocyte apoptosis and I/R injury. The CRAMP peptide inhibited cardiomyocyte apoptosis by activation of Akt and ERK1/2 and phosphorylation and nuclear export of FoxO3a. c-Jun was identified as a negative regulator of the CRAMP gene. Moreover, lower level of serum LL-37/neutrophil ratio was associated with readmission and/or death in MI patients during 1-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: CRAMP protects against cardiomyocyte apoptosis and cardiac I/R injury via activation of Akt and ERK and phosphorylation and nuclear export of FoxO3a. Increasing LL-37 might be a novel therapy for cardiac ischemic injury.

6.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 21(3): 272-285, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30714667

RESUMO

Fibrosis is a pivotal player in heart failure development and progression. Measurements of (markers of) fibrosis in tissue and blood may help to diagnose and risk stratify patients with heart failure, and its treatment may be effective in preventing heart failure and its progression. A lack of pathophysiological insights and uniform definitions has hampered the research in fibrosis and heart failure. The Translational Research Committee of the Heart Failure Association discussed several aspects of fibrosis in their workshop. Early insidious perturbations such as subclinical hypertension or inflammation may trigger first fibrotic events, while more dramatic triggers such as myocardial infarction and myocarditis give rise to full blown scar formation and ongoing fibrosis in diseased hearts. Aging itself is also associated with a cardiac phenotype that includes fibrosis. Fibrosis is an extremely heterogeneous phenomenon, as several stages of the fibrotic process exist, each with different fibrosis subtypes and a different composition of various cells and proteins - resulting in a very complex pathophysiology. As a result, detection of fibrosis, e.g. using current cardiac imaging modalities or plasma biomarkers, will detect only specific subforms of fibrosis, but cannot capture all aspects of the complex fibrotic process. Furthermore, several anti-fibrotic therapies are under investigation, but such therapies generally target aspecific aspects of the fibrotic process and suffer from a lack of precision. This review discusses the mechanisms and the caveats and proposes a roadmap for future research.

7.
Cardiovasc Res ; 115(3): 488-500, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30657875

RESUMO

Morbidity and mortality from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and heart failure (HF) remain significant in Europe and are increasing worldwide. Patients with IHD or HF might benefit from novel therapeutic strategies, such as cell-based therapies. We recently discussed the therapeutic potential of cell-based therapies and provided recommendations on how to improve the therapeutic translation of these novel strategies for effective cardiac regeneration and repair. Despite major advances in optimizing these strategies with respect to cell source and delivery method, the clinical outcome of cell-based therapy remains unsatisfactory. Major obstacles are the low engraftment and survival rate of transplanted cells in the harmful microenvironment of the host tissue, and the paucity or even lack of endogenous cells with repair capacity. Therefore, new ways of delivering cells and their derivatives are required in order to empower cell-based cardiac repair and regeneration in patients with IHD or HF. Strategies using tissue engineering (TE) combine cells with matrix materials to enhance cell retention or cell delivery in the transplanted area, and have recently received much attention for this purpose. Here, we summarize knowledge on novel approaches emerging from the TE scenario. In particular, we will discuss how combinations of cell/bio-materials (e.g. hydrogels, cell sheets, prefabricated matrices, microspheres, and injectable matrices) combinations might enhance cell retention or cell delivery in the transplantation areas, thereby increase the success rate of cell therapies for IHD and HF. We will not focus on the use of classical engineering approaches, employing fully synthetic materials, because of their unsatisfactory material properties which render them not clinically applicable. The overall aim of this Position Paper from the ESC Working Group Cellular Biology of the Heart is to provide recommendations on how to proceed in research with these novel TE strategies combined with cell-based therapies to boost cardiac repair in the clinical settings of IHD and HF.

8.
Molecules ; 24(1)2019 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30621310

RESUMO

Sustained pacemaker function is a challenge in biological pacemaker engineering. Human cardiomyocyte progenitor cells (CMPCs) have exhibited extended survival in the heart after transplantation. We studied whether lentivirally transduced CMPCs that express the pacemaker current If (encoded by HCN4) can be used as functional gene delivery vehicle in biological pacing. Human CMPCs were isolated from fetal hearts using magnetic beads coated with Sca-1 antibody, cultured in nondifferentiating conditions, and transduced with a green fluorescent protein (GFP)- or HCN4-GFP-expressing lentivirus. A patch-clamp analysis showed a large hyperpolarization-activated, time-dependent inward current (-20 pA/pF at -140 mV, n = 14) with properties typical of If in HCN4-GFP-expressing CMPCs. Gap-junctional coupling between CMPCs and neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) was demonstrated by efficient dye transfer and changes in spontaneous beating activity. In organ explant cultures, the number of preparations showing spontaneous beating activity increased from 6.3% in CMPC/GFP-injected preparations to 68.2% in CMPC/HCN4-GFP-injected preparations (P < 0.05). Furthermore, in CMPC/HCN4-GFP-injected preparations, isoproterenol induced a significant reduction in cycle lengths from 648 ± 169 to 392 ± 71 ms (P < 0.05). In sum, CMPCs expressing HCN4-GFP functionally couple to NRVMs and induce physiologically controlled pacemaker activity and may therefore provide an attractive delivery platform for sustained pacemaker function.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Ventrículos do Coração/transplante , Canais Disparados por Nucleotídeos Cíclicos Ativados por Hiperpolarização/genética , Proteínas Musculares/genética , Miócitos Cardíacos/transplante , Canais de Potássio/genética , Células-Tronco/citologia , Animais , Terapia Genética/métodos , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/química , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Humanos , Canais Disparados por Nucleotídeos Cíclicos Ativados por Hiperpolarização/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Musculares/uso terapêutico , Técnicas de Patch-Clamp , Canais de Potássio/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Transplante de Células-Tronco
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30456736

RESUMO

Cell transplantation studies have shown that injection of progenitor cells can improve cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI). Transplantation of human cardiac progenitor cells (hCPCs) results in an increased ejection fraction, but survival and integration are low. Therefore, paracrine factors including extracellular vesicles (EVs) are likely to contribute to the beneficial effects. We investigated the contribution of EVs by transplanting hCPCs with reduced EV secretion. Interestingly, these hCPCs were unable to reduce infarct size post-MI. Moreover, injection of hCPC-EVs did significantly reduce infarct size. Analysis of EV uptake showed cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells primarily positive and a higher Ki67 expression in these cell types. Yes-associated protein (YAP), a proliferation marker associated with Ki67, was also increased in the entire infarcted area. In summary, our data suggest that EV secretion is the driving force behind the short-term beneficial effect of hCPC transplantation on cardiac recovery after MI.

10.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 13: 407-418, 2018 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30368217

RESUMO

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) represent the largest contributor to mortality worldwide. Identification of novel therapeutic targets and biomarkers for CVDs is urgently needed. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are endogenous, abundant, and stable non-coding RNAs formed by back-splicing events. Their role as regulators of gene expression has been increasingly reported. Notably, circRNAs mediate essential physiological and pathological processes in the cardiovascular system. Our first aim, therefore, is to summarize recent advances in the role of circRNAs in cardiac development as well as in pathogenesis of various CVDs. Because circRNAs are stable in circulation and their dynamic changes may reflect different disease stages, they are considered ideal biomarkers. Therefore, our second aim is to review studies that have identified circulating circRNAs as biomarkers for CVDs. Finally, we discuss the shortage of functional studies and the limitations of available clinical studies and provide future perspectives.

11.
Cardiovasc Res ; 114(14): 1828-1842, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30169602

RESUMO

In the past few years, the use of specific cell types derived from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) has developed into a powerful approach to investigate the cellular pathophysiology of numerous diseases. Despite advances in therapy, heart disease continues to be one of the leading causes of death in the developed world. A major difficulty in unravelling the underlying cellular processes of heart disease is the extremely limited availability of viable human cardiac cells reflecting the pathological phenotype of the disease at various stages. Thus, the development of methods for directed differentiation of iPSCs to cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) has provided an intriguing option for the generation of patient-specific cardiac cells. In this review, a comprehensive overview of the currently published iPSC-CM models for hereditary heart disease is compiled and analysed. Besides the major findings of individual studies, detailed methodological information on iPSC generation, iPSC-CM differentiation, characterization, and maturation is included. Both, current advances in the field and challenges yet to overcome emphasize the potential of using patient-derived cell models to mimic genetic cardiac diseases.

12.
Biotechnol Rep (Amst) ; 18: e00255, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29876304

RESUMO

To understand and assess the roles of miRNAs, visualization of the expression patterns of specific miRNAs is needed at the cellular level in a wide variety of different tissue types. Although miRNA in situ hybridization techniques have been greatly improved in recent years, they remain difficult to routinely perform due to the complexity of the procedure. In addition, as it is crucial to define which tissues or cells are expressing a particular miRNA in order to elucidate the biological function of the miRNA, incorporation of additional stainings for different cellular markers is necessary. Here, we describe a robust and flexible multicolor miRNA in situ hybridization (MMISH) technique for paraffin embedded sections. We show that the miRNA in situ protocol is sensitive and highly specific and can successfully be combined with both immunohistochemical and immunofluorescent stainings.

13.
Vascul Pharmacol ; 111: 1-6, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29807165

RESUMO

Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, the main feature of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), is thought to be primarily caused by comorbidities affecting the endothelial function of the coronary microvasculature. Circulating extracellular vesicles, released by the endothelium have been postulated to reflect endothelial damage. Therefore, we reviewed the role of extracellular vesicles, in particularly endothelium microparticles, in these comorbidities, including obesity and hypertension, to identify if they may be potential markers of the endothelial dysfunction underlying left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and HFpEF.

14.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 8(5)2018 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29751516

RESUMO

In calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD), microcalcifications originating from nanoscale calcifying vesicles disrupt the aortic valve (AV) leaflets, which consist of three (biomechanically) distinct layers: the fibrosa, spongiosa, and ventricularis. CAVD has no pharmacotherapy and lacks in vitro models as a result of complex valvular biomechanical features surrounding resident mechanosensitive valvular interstitial cells (VICs). We measured layer-specific mechanical properties of the human AV and engineered a three-dimensional (3D)-bioprinted CAVD model that recapitulates leaflet layer biomechanics for the first time. Human AV leaflet layers were separated by microdissection, and nanoindentation determined layer-specific Young’s moduli. Methacrylated gelatin (GelMA)/methacrylated hyaluronic acid (HAMA) hydrogels were tuned to duplicate layer-specific mechanical characteristics, followed by 3D-printing with encapsulated human VICs. Hydrogels were exposed to osteogenic media (OM) to induce microcalcification, and VIC pathogenesis was assessed by near infrared or immunofluorescence microscopy. Median Young’s moduli of the AV layers were 37.1, 15.4, and 26.9 kPa (fibrosa/spongiosa/ventricularis, respectively). The fibrosa and spongiosa Young’s moduli matched the 3D 5% GelMa/1% HAMA UV-crosslinked hydrogels. OM stimulation of VIC-laden bioprinted hydrogels induced microcalcification without apoptosis. We report the first layer-specific measurements of human AV moduli and a novel 3D-bioprinted CAVD model that potentiates microcalcification by mimicking the native AV mechanical environment. This work sheds light on valvular mechanobiology and could facilitate high-throughput drug-screening in CAVD.

15.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 75(19): 3593-3607, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29637228

RESUMO

CRISPR/Cpf1 features a number of properties that are distinct from CRISPR/Cas9 and provides an excellent alternative to Cas9 for genome editing. To date, genome engineering by CRISPR/Cpf1 has been reported only in human cells and mouse embryos of mammalian systems and its efficiency is ultimately lower than that of Cas9 proteins from Streptococcus pyogenes. The application of CRISPR/Cpf1 for targeted mutagenesis in other animal models has not been successfully verified. In this study, we designed and optimized a guide RNA (gRNA) transcription system by inserting a transfer RNA precursor (pre-tRNA) sequence downstream of the gRNA for Cpf1, protecting gRNA from immediate digestion by 3'-to-5' exonucleases. Using this new gRNAtRNA system, genome editing, including indels, large fragment deletion and precise point mutation, was induced in mammalian systems, showing significantly higher efficiency than the original Cpf1-gRNA system. With this system, gene-modified rabbits and pigs were generated by embryo injection or somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) with an efficiency comparable to that of the Cas9 gRNA system. These results demonstrated that this refined gRNAtRNA system can boost the targeting capability of CRISPR/Cpf1 toolkits.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Clonagem de Organismos/métodos , Endonucleases/genética , Edição de Genes/métodos , RNA de Transferência/genética , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Embrião de Mamíferos , Endonucleases/metabolismo , Feminino , Feto , Genoma/genética , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Masculino , Mamíferos/embriologia , Mamíferos/genética , Mutagênese , Técnicas de Transferência Nuclear , Gravidez , RNA Guia/genética , Coelhos , Suínos , Porco Miniatura
16.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 17045, 2017 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29213128

RESUMO

Hypertension is one of the most common risk factors for the development heart failure in the general population. Inflammation plays a central role in this adverse remodeling and eventually to the development of heart failure. Circulating levels of Complement factor 5a (C5a) are increased in hypertensive patients and the C5a receptor is associated with the presence of cardiac fibrosis and inflammation in an experimental hypertension model. To test if C5aR is involved in adverse cardiac remodeling following pressure-overload, we induced transverse aortic constriction (TAC) in wildtype and C5a receptor deficient mice (C5aR-/-). Six weeks after TAC, C5aR-/- animals showed a similar degree of cardiac hypertrophy and decrease in cardiac function as wild type mice (End Systolic Volume; 50.30±5.32 µl vs. 55.81±8.16 µl). In addition, other features of adverse cardiac remodeling like cardiomyocyte cell size (WGA staining), fibrosis (picrosirius red staining) or collagen degradation (matrix metalloproteinase activity assay) did not differ either. In conclusion, full body C5aR deficiency does not affect adverse cardiac remodeling after pressure-overload. However, our finding are in contrast with C5a inhibition studies. Our observations do present the role of C5a-C5aR in adverse cardiac remodeling and heart failure as controversial at the least.

17.
Genome Res ; 27(12): 2061-2071, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29146772

RESUMO

Despite being time-consuming and costly, generating genome-edited pigs holds great promise for agricultural, biomedical, and pharmaceutical applications. To further facilitate genome editing in pigs, we report here establishment of a pig line with Cre-inducible Cas9 expression that allows a variety of ex vivo genome editing in fibroblast cells including single- and multigene modifications, chromosome rearrangements, and efficient in vivo genetic modifications. As a proof of principle, we were able to simultaneously inactivate five tumor suppressor genes (TP53, PTEN, APC, BRCA1, and BRCA2) and activate one oncogene (KRAS), achieved by delivering Cre recombinase and sgRNAs, which caused rapid lung tumor development. The efficient genome editing shown here demonstrates that these pigs can serve as a powerful tool for dissecting in vivo gene functions and biological processes in a temporal manner and for streamlining the production of genome-edited pigs for disease modeling.


Assuntos
Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Endonucleases/genética , Edição de Genes/métodos , Genoma , Porco Miniatura/genética , Animais , Proteína 9 Associada à CRISPR , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Feminino , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Rearranjo Gênico , Genes Supressores de Tumor , Humanos , Integrases/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Masculino , Oncogenes , Suínos , Nucleases dos Efetores Semelhantes a Ativadores de Transcrição , Ativação Transcricional
19.
Stem Cell Reports ; 9(3): 762-769, 2017 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28803917

RESUMO

Stem cell antigen 1-positive (SCA1+) cells (SPCs) have been investigated in cell-based cardiac repair and pharmacological research, although improved cardiac function after injection has been variable and the mode of action remains unclear. Circadian (24-hr) rhythms are biorhythms regulated by molecular clocks that play an important role in (patho)physiology. Here, we describe (1) the presence of a molecular circadian clock in SPCs and (2) circadian rhythmicity in SPC function. We isolated SPCs from human fetal heart and found that these cells possess a molecular clock based on typical oscillations in core clock components BMAL1 and CRY1. Functional analyses revealed that circadian rhythmicity also governs SPC proliferation, stress tolerance, and growth factor release, with large differences between peaks and troughs. We conclude that SPCs contain a circadian molecular clock that controls crucial cellular functions. Taking circadian rhythms into account may improve reproducibility and outcome of research and therapies using SPCs.


Assuntos
Ataxina-1/metabolismo , Relógios Circadianos , Ritmo Circadiano , Miocárdio/citologia , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição ARNTL/metabolismo , Apoptose , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Separação Celular , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Comunicação Parácrina , Estresse Fisiológico
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