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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 449-458, May-June 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012334

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer and the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths. In Brazil, it is likewise the second most common cancer among men, second only to non-melanoma skin cancers. The aim of this consensus is to align different opinions and interpretations of the medical literature in a practical and patient-oriented approach. The first Brazilian Consensus on the Treatment of Advanced Prostate Cancer was published in 2017, with the goal of reducing the heterogeneity of therapeutic conduct in Brazilian patients with metastatic prostate cancer. We acknowledge that in Brazil the incorporation of different technologies is a big challenge, especially in the Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), which allows for the disparity in the options available to patients treated in different institutions. In order to update the recommendations and to make them objective and easily accessible, once more a panel of specialists was formed in order to discuss and elaborate a new Brazilian Consensus on Advanced Prostate Cancer. This Consensus was written through a joint initiative of the Brazilian Society of Clinical Oncology (SBOC) and the Brazilian Society of Urology (SBU) to support the clinical decisions of physicians and other health professionals involved in the care of patients with prostate cancer.

2.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(3): 449-458, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038861

RESUMO

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer and the fi fth leading cause of cancer deaths. In Brazil, it is likewise the second most common cancer among men, second only to non-melanoma skin cancers. The aim of this consensus is to align different opinions and interpretations of the medical literature in a practical and patient-oriented approach. The fi rst Brazilian Consensus on the Treatment of Advanced Prostate Cancer was published in 2017, with the goal of reducing the heterogeneity of therapeutic conduct in Brazilian patients with metastatic prostate cancer. We acknowledge that in Brazil the incorporation of different technologies is a big challenge, especially in the Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), which allows for the disparity in the options available to patients treated in different institutions. In order to update the recommendations and to make them objective and easily accessible, once more a panel of specialists was formed in order to discuss and elaborate a new Brazilian Consensus on Advanced Prostate Cancer. This Consensus was written through a joint initiative of the Brazilian Society of Clinical Oncology (SBOC) and the Brazilian Society of Urology (SBU) to support the clinical decisions of physicians and other health professionals involved in the care of patients with prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Consenso , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Brasil , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Humanos , Masculino , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Sociedades Médicas
3.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 487, 2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122212

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Testosterone suppression is the standard treatment for advanced prostate cancer, and it is associated with side-effects that impair patients' quality of life, like sexual dysfunction, osteoporosis, weight gain, and increased cardiovascular risk. We hypothesized that abiraterone acetate with prednisone (AAP) and apalutamide, alone or in combination, can be an effective hormonal therapy also possibly decreasing castration-associated side effects. METHODS: Phase II, open-label, randomized, efficacy trial of abiraterone acetate plus prednisone (AAP) and Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT) versus apalutamide versus the combination of AAP (without ADT) and apalutamide. Key eligibility criteria are confirmed prostate adenocarcinoma; biochemical relapse after definitive treatment (PSA ≥ 4 ng/ml and doubling time less than 10 months, or PSA ≥ 20 ng/ml); newly diagnosed locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer; asymptomatic to moderately symptomatic regarding bone symptoms. Patients with other histology besides adenocarcinoma or previous use of hormonal therapy or chemotherapy were excluded. DISCUSSION: There is an urgent need to study and validate regimens such as new hormonal agents that may add benefit to castration with an acceptable safety profile. We aim to evaluate if apalutamide in monotherapy or in combination with AAP is an effective and safety hormonal treatment that can spare patients of androgen deprivation therapy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was registered in ClinicalTrials.gov on October 16, 2017, under Identifier: NCT02867020.

4.
Clin Nucl Med ; 44(7): e433-e434, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31058690

RESUMO

We report a case of a 43-year-old man who underwent a radical prostatectomy 3 years before the procedure (June 2015) for a locally advanced Gleason 7(4 + 3) prostate adenocarcinoma (pT3aN0), with negative surgical margins, followed by salvage radiotherapy. He also underwent antiandrogen therapy for biochemical relapse (bicalutamide) from October 2016 through May 2017, but prostate-specific antigen continued to rise (2.5 ng/mL [December 2017] and 3.3 ng/mL [February 2018]). At this point, he underwent a Ga-prostate-specific membrane antigen PET/CT, and after multidisciplinary discussion, the therapeutic option chosen was image-guided salvage cryoablation.


Assuntos
Criocirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Ácido Edético/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Oligopeptídeos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(6): 1106-1113, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-975665

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: Ultrasound-magnetic resonance imaging (US-MRI) fusion biopsy (FB) improves the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (PCa). We aimed to compare the Gleason upgrading (GU) rates and the concordance of the Gleason scores in the biopsy versus final pathology after surgery in patients who underwent transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) systematic random biopsies (SRB) versus US-MRI FB for PCa. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of data that were collected prospectively from January 2011 to June 2016 from patients who underwent prostate biopsy and subsequent radical prostatectomy. The study cohort was divided into two groups: US-MRI FB (Group A) and TRUS SRB (Group B). US-MRI FB was performed in patients with a previous MRI with a focal lesion with a Likert score ≥3; otherwise, a TRUS SRB was performed. Results: In total, 73 men underwent US-MRI FB, and 89 underwent TRUS SRB. The GU rate was higher in Group B (31.5% vs. 16.4%; p=0.027). According to the Gleason grade pattern, GU was higher in Group B than in Group A (40.4% vs. 23.3%; p=0.020). Analyses of the Gleason grading patterns showed that Gleason scores 3+4 presented less GU in Group A (24.1% vs. 52.6%; p=0.043). The Bland-Altman plot analysis showed a higher bias in Group B than in Group A (-0.27 [-1.40 to 0.86] vs. −0.01 [-1.42 to 1.39]). In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, the only independent predictor of GU was the use of TRUS SRB (2.64 [1.11 - 6.28]; p=0.024). Conclusions: US-MRI FB appears to be related to a decrease in GU rate and an increase in concordance between biopsy and final pathology compared to TRUS SRB, suggesting that performing US-MRI FB leads to greater accuracy of diagnosis and better treatment decisions.

6.
Int Braz J Urol ; 44(6): 1106-1113, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30325600

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Ultrasound-magnetic resonance imaging (US-MRI) fusion biopsy (FB) improves the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (PCa). We aimed to compare the Gleason upgrading (GU) rates and the concordance of the Gleason scores in the biopsy versus final pathology after surgery in patients who underwent transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) systematic random biopsies (SRB) versus US-MRI FB for PCa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data that were collected prospectively from January 2011 to June 2016 from patients who underwent prostate biopsy and subsequent radical prostatectomy. The study cohort was divided into two groups: US-MRI FB (Group A) and TRUS SRB (Group B). US-MRI FB was performed in patients with a previous MRI with a focal lesion with a Likert score ≥3; otherwise, a TRUS SRB was performed. RESULTS: In total, 73 men underwent US-MRI FB, and 89 underwent TRUS SRB. The GU rate was higher in Group B (31.5% vs. 16.4%; p=0.027). According to the Gleason grade pattern, GU was higher in Group B than in Group A (40.4% vs. 23.3%; p=0.020). Analyses of the Gleason grading patterns showed that Gleason scores 3+4 presented less GU in Group A (24.1% vs. 52.6%; p=0.043). The Bland-Altman plot analysis showed a higher bias in Group B than in Group A (-0.27 [-1.40 to 0.86] vs. -0.01 [-1.42 to 1.39]). In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, the only independent predictor of GU was the use of TRUS SRB (2.64 [1.11 - 6.28]; p=0.024). CONCLUSIONS: US-MRI FB appears to be related to a decrease in GU rate and an increase in concordance between biopsy and final pathology compared to TRUS SRB, suggesting that performing US-MRI FB leads to greater accuracy of diagnosis and better treatment decisions.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética Intervencionista , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(1): 192-195, Jan.-Feb. 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-892936

RESUMO

ABSTRACT The biochemical recurrence after local treatment for prostate cancer is an often challenging condition of clinical management. The aim of this report is to demonstrate the importance of the association of various imaging methods in the identification and subsequent accurate percutaneous biopsy in patients with recurrence of prostate cancer, especially in unusual sites. An 86 years old male with biochemical recurrence, during radiological investigation a PET-MRI was noted the presence of an asymmetry of the vas deferens with PSMA-68Ga uptaken, suggesting the recurrence. A percutaneous fusion biopsy with PET-MRI and ultrasound was performed using transrectal access using ultrasound confirming infiltrating adenocarcinoma of the wall of the vas deferens, compatible with neoplastic prostate recurrence. The fusion image technique combines the real-time view of the US to the possibility of higher definition and higher specificity, methods more anatomical detail as tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, simultaneously. High resolution acquired in PET / MR associated with image fusion allows orientation procedures, even in areas of difficult access, with greater accuracy than conventional techniques.

8.
Int Braz J Urol ; 44(1): 192-195, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29064653

RESUMO

The biochemical recurrence after local treatment for prostate cancer is an often challenging condition of clinical management. The aim of this report is to demonstrate the importance of the association of various imaging methods in the identification and subsequent accurate percutaneous biopsy in patients with recurrence of prostate cancer, especially in unusual sites. An 86 years old male with biochemical recurrence, during radiological investigation a PET-MRI was noted the presence of an asymmetry of the vas deferens with PSMA- 68Ga uptaken, suggesting the recurrence. A percutaneous fusion biopsy with PET-MRI and ultrasound was performed using transrectal access using ultrasound confirming infiltrating adenocarcinoma of the wall of the vas deferens, compatible with neoplastic prostate recurrence. The fusion image technique combines the real-time view of the US to the possibility of higher definition and higher specificity, methods more anatomical detail as tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, simultaneously. High resolution acquired in PET / MR associated with image fusion allows orientation procedures, even in areas of difficult access, with greater accuracy than conventional techniques.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia
9.
Clin Med Insights Pathol ; 10: 1179555717740130, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29147082

RESUMO

Background: The Gleason score is an essential tool in the decision to treat localized prostate cancer. However, experienced pathologists can classify Gleason score differently than do low-volume pathologists, and this may affect the treatment decision. This study sought to assess the impact of pathology review of external biopsy specimens from 23 men with a recent diagnosis of localized prostate cancer. Methods: All external biopsy specimens were reviewed at our pathology department. Data were retrospectively collected from scanned charts. Results: The median patient age was 63 years (range: 46-74 years). All patients had a Karnofsky performance score of 90% to 100%. The median prostate-specific antigen level was 23.6 ng/dL (range: 1.04-13.6 ng/dL). Among the 23 reviews, the Gleason score changed for 8 (35%) patients: 7 upgraded and 1 downgraded. The new Gleason score affected the treatment decision in 5 of 8 cases (62.5%). Conclusions: This study demonstrates the need for pathology review in patients with localized prostate cancer before treatment because Gleason score can change in more than one-third of patients and can affect treatment decision in almost two-thirds of recategorized patients.

10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(4): 588-599, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-892879

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Context Currently, standard treatment of metastatic prostatic cancer (MPCa) is androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT). Recent studies suggested that local treatment of MPCa is related to increase of survival of those patients, as observed in other tumors. Objective To evaluate the impact of local treatment on overall survival and cancer specific survival in 3 and 5 years in patients with MPCa. Materials and Methods Systematic review and meta-analysis of population studies published at PubMed, Scielo, Lilacs, Cochrane and EMBASE databases until June 2016. Several large cohorts and Post-Roc studies were included, that evaluated patients with MPCa submitted to local treatment (LT) using radiotherapy (RDT), surgery (RP) or brachytherapy (BCT) or not submitted to local treatment (NLT). Results 34.338 patients were analyzed in six included papers, 31.653 submitted to NLT and 2.685 to LT. Overall survival in three years was significantly higher in patients submitted to LT versus NLT (64.2% vs. 44.5%; RD 0.19, 95% CI, 0.17-0.21; p<0.00001; I2=0%), as well as in five years (51.9% vs. 23.6%; RD 0.30, 95% CI, 0.11-0.49; p<0.00001; I2=97%). Sensitive analysis according to type of local treatment showed that surgery (78.2% and 45.0%; RD 0.31, 95% CI, 0.26-0.35; p<0.00001; I2=50%) and radiotherapy (60.4% and 44.5%; RD 0.17, 95% CI, 0.12-0.22; p<0.00001; I2=67%) presented better outcomes. Conclusion LT using RDT, RP or BCT seems to significantly improve overall survival and cancer-specific survival of patients with metastatic prostatic cancer. Prospective and randomized studies must be performed in order to confirm our results.

11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(3): 407-415, May.-June 2017. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-840860

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction Prostate cancer still represents a major cause of morbidity, and still about 20% of men with the disease are diagnosed or will progress to the advanced stage without the possibility of curative treatment. Despite the recent advances in scientific and technological knowledge and the availability of new therapies, there is still considerable heterogeneity in the therapeutic approaches for metastatic prostate cancer. Objectives This article presents a summary of the I Brazilian Consensus on Advanced Prostate Cancer, conducted by the Brazilian Society of Urology and Brazilian Society of Clinical Oncology. Materials and Methods Experts were selected by the medical societies involved. Forty issues regarding controversial issues in advanced disease were previously elaborated. The panel met for consensus, with a threshold established for 2/3 of the participants. Results and Conclusions The treatment of advanced prostate cancer is complex, due to the existence of a large number of therapies, with different response profiles and toxicities. The panel addressed recommendations on preferred choice of therapies, indicators that would justify their change, and indicated some strategies for better sequencing of treatment in order to maximize the potential for disease control with the available therapeutic arsenal. The lack of consensus on some topics clearly indicates the absence of strong evidence for some decisions.

12.
Int Braz J Urol ; 43(3): 407-415, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28199075

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer still represents a major cause of morbidity, and still about 20% of men with the disease are diagnosed or will progress to the advanced stage without the possibility of curative treatment. Despite the recent advances in scientific and technological knowledge and the availability of new therapies, there is still considerable heterogeneity in the therapeutic approaches for metastatic prostate cancer. OBJECTIVES: This article presents a summary of the I Brazilian Consensus on Advanced Prostate Cancer, conducted by the Brazilian Society of Urology and Brazilian Society of Clinical Oncology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experts were selected by the medical societies involved. Forty issues regarding controversial issues in advanced disease were previously elaborated. The panel met for consensus, with a threshold established for 2/3 of the participants. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The treatment of advanced prostate cancer is complex, due to the existence of a large number of therapies, with different response profiles and toxicities. The panel addressed recommendations on preferred choice of therapies, indicators that would justify their change, and indicated some strategies for better sequencing of treatment in order to maximize the potential for disease control with the available therapeutic arsenal. The lack of consensus on some topics clearly indicates the absence of strong evidence for some decisions.


Assuntos
Consenso , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Brasil , Humanos , Masculino , Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico
13.
Int Braz J Urol ; 43(4): 588-599, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27802009

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Currently, standard treatment of metastatic prostatic cancer (MPCa) is androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT). Recent studies suggested that local treatment of MPCa is related to increase of survival of those patients, as observed in other tumors. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of local treatment on overall survival and cancer specific survival in 3 and 5 years in patients with MPCa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of population studies published at PubMed, Scielo, Lilacs, Cochrane and EMBASE databases until June 2016. Several large cohorts and Post-Roc studies were included, that evaluated patients with MPCa submitted to local treatment (LT) using radiotherapy (RDT), surgery (RP) or brachytherapy (BCT) or not submitted to local treatment (NLT). RESULTS: 34.338 patients were analyzed in six included papers, 31.653 submitted to NLT and 2.685 to LT. Overall survival in three years was significantly higher in patients submitted to LT versus NLT (64.2% vs. 44.5%; RD 0.19, 95% CI, 0.17-0.21; p<0.00001; I²=0%), as well as in five years (51.9% vs. 23.6%; RD 0.30, 95% CI, 0.11-0.49; p<0.00001; I²=97%). Sensitive analysis according to type of local treatment showed that surgery (78.2% and 45.0%; RD 0.31, 95% CI, 0.26-0.35; p<0.00001; I²=50%) and radiotherapy (60.4% and 44.5%; RD 0.17, 95% CI, 0.12-0.22; p<0.00001; I²=67%) presented better outcomes. CONCLUSION: LT using RDT, RP or BCT seems to significantly improve overall survival and cancer-specific survival of patients with metastatic prostatic cancer. Prospective and randomized studies must be performed in order to confirm our results.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia
14.
Onco Targets Ther ; 9: 7309-7314, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27942224

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics of Latin American patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) who experienced a progression-free survival (PFS) for at least 15 months following treatment with sunitinib. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, mRCC patients in two institutions in Latin America received sunitinib at a starting dose of either 50 mg/day for 4 weeks followed by 2 weeks off treatment (Schedule 4/2) in repeated 6-week cycles or sunitinib 37.5 mg on a continuous daily dosing schedule. Clinical characteristics, tolerability, and PFS data were collected. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients with long-term clinical benefit from sunitinib were identified between September 2005 and August 2009. Median PFS was 23 months (range: 15-54 months). Two of the 29 patients with prolonged PFS achieved a complete response and additional eleven had a partial response. Most patients were aged <60 years, had good performance status, favorable or intermediate Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center prognostic risk, and disease limited to one or two sites. Dose reduction was necessary in all patients who started sunitinib at 50 mg/day administered on Schedule 4/2. Adverse events leading to dose reduction included grade 3 hand-foot syndrome, mucositis, fatigue, and hypertension. At the time of data cutoff, four patients were still receiving sunitinib treatment. CONCLUSION: Extended PFS can be achieved in Latin American patients with mRCC treated with sunitinib. Although the small sample size and retrospective nature of this evaluation preclude the identification of pretreatment predictive factors contributing to this benefit, the current analysis warrants further investigation using a larger data set in this population.

15.
Int Braz J Urol ; 41(5): 835-43, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26689508

RESUMO

The worldwide incidence of kidney cancer is estimated at 337,860 new cases per year in the International Agency for Research on Cancer's GLOBOCAN 2012 update, with an estimated 143,369 deaths annually. Over the past 10 years, there have been significant advances in the treatment of advanced/metastatic renal cell carcinoma, including the development of targeted therapies. Currently recommended first-line treatments include sunitinib, temsirolimus, bevacizumab plus interferon, and pazopanib, or high-dose interleukin-2 or sorafenib for selected patients. Recommended second-line treatments include all of the above agents, as well as everolimus and axitinib. Unfortunately, combination therapies have generally resulted in increased toxicity and little improvement in efficacy. Recent studies focused on identification of predictive biomarkers for responses to specific targeted therapies and have not been successful to date. Despite recent advances in targeted treatment for metastatic renal cell carcinoma, important questions regarding biomarkers of efficacy, and optimal combination and sequencing of agents remain to be answered. This paper reviews literature concerned with first-and second-line treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma and will discuss key issues in Latin America.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Previsões , Humanos , América Latina , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(5): 835-843, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-767050

RESUMO

ABSTRACT The worldwide incidence of kidney cancer is estimated at 337,860 new cases per year in the International Agency for Research on Cancer's GLOBOCAN 2012 update, with an estimated 143,369 deaths annually. Over the past 10 years, there have been significant advances in the treatment of advanced/metastatic renal cell carcinoma, including the development of targeted therapies. Currently recommended first-line treatments include sunitinib, temsirolimus, bevacizumab plus interferon, and pazopanib, or high-dose interleukin-2 or sorafenib for selected patients. Recommended second-line treatments include all of the above agents, as well as everolimus and axitinib. Unfortunately, combination therapies have generally resulted in increased toxicity and little improvement in efficacy. Recent studies focused on identification of predictive biomarkers for responses to specific targeted therapies and have not been successful to date. Despite recent advances in targeted treatment for metastatic renal cell carcinoma, important questions regarding biomarkers of efficacy, and optimal combination and sequencing of agents remain to be answered. This paper reviews literature concerned with first-and second-line treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma and will discuss key issues in Latin America.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Previsões , América Latina , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 13(3): 347-351, July-Sep. 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-761955

RESUMO

Objective To determine the overall survival of patients with advanced pancreatic cancer and evaluate factors that impact prognosis in a private cancer center.Methods Data from the Hospital Cancer Registry at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein were retrospectively collected. The patients enrolled had metastatic cancer at diagnosis or earlier staging and subsequent recurrence. Cases of neuroendocrine tumors were excluded.Results A total of 65 patients were evaluated, including 63 with adenocarcinoma. The median overall survival for patients in all stages was 20.7 months (95%CI: 15.6-25.7), while the overall survival of metastatic disease was 13.3 months. Among the 33 cases with stage IV cancer, there was no evidence of a statistically significant association between median survival and CA19-9 dosage (p=0.212), tumor location (p=0.482), first treatment performed (p=0.337), lymphovascular invasion (p=0.286), and age (p=0.152). However, the number of lines of chemotherapy was significantly associated with survival (log-rank p=0.013), with an estimated median survival of 10.2 months for patients who received up to two lines of treatment and 23.5 months for those receiving more than two lines of chemotherapy.Conclusion The survival of patients treated was longer than that reported in the literature. The only statistically significant factor related to increased survival was higher number of lines of chemotherapy received. We believe that the higher socioeconomic status of patients surveyed in this study, as well as their greater access to treatment options, may have influenced their overall survival.


Objetivo Determinar a sobrevida global dos pacientes com câncer pancreático avançado e avaliar fatores com impacto prognóstico em um centro de câncer privado.Métodos Foram coletados retrospectivamente os dados do Registro de Câncer do Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein. Os pacientes incluídos apresentaram câncer metastático ao diagnóstico ou em estádio mais precoce com recorrência subsequente. Os casos de tumores neuroendócrinos foram excluídos.Resultados Foram avaliados 65 pacientes, incluindo 63 com adenocarcinoma. A sobrevida global mediana dos pacientes em todos os estádios foi 20,7 meses (IC95%: 15,6-25,7), enquanto a sobrevida global de doença metastática foi de 13,3 meses. Entre os 33 casos com câncer em estádio IV, não houve evidência de associação estatisticamente significativa entre a sobrevida mediana e CA19-9 ao diagnóstico (p=0,212), localização do tumor (p=0,482), primeiro tratamento realizado (p=0,337), invasão vasculo-linfática (p=0,286) e idade (p=0,152). No entanto, o número de linhas de quimioterapia foi significativamente associado com a sobrevida (log-rankp=0,013), com uma sobrevida mediana estimada de 10,2 meses para os pacientes que receberam até duas linhas de tratamento e de 23,5 meses para os que receberam mais de duas linhas.Conclusão A sobrevida dos pacientes tratados foi maior do que o relatado na literatura. O único fator estatisticamente significativo relacionado à maior sobrevida foi maior número de linhas de quimioterapia recebidas. Acreditamos que o nível socioeconômico dos pacientes pesquisados neste estudo, assim como seu maior acesso a opções de tratamento, pode ter influenciado em sua sobrevivência global.


Assuntos
Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Brasil , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Avaliação de Estado de Karnofsky/estatística & dados numéricos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/secundário , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 13(3): 347-51, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26313433

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the overall survival of patients with advanced pancreatic cancer and evaluate factors that impact prognosis in a private cancer center. METHODS: Data from the Hospital Cancer Registry at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein were retrospectively collected. The patients enrolled had metastatic cancer at diagnosis or earlier staging and subsequent recurrence. Cases of neuroendocrine tumors were excluded. RESULTS: A total of 65 patients were evaluated, including 63 with adenocarcinoma. The median overall survival for patients in all stages was 20.7 months (95%CI: 15.6-25.7), while the overall survival of metastatic disease was 13.3 months. Among the 33 cases with stage IV cancer, there was no evidence of a statistically significant association between median survival and CA19-9 dosage (p=0.212), tumor location (p=0.482), first treatment performed (p=0.337), lymphovascular invasion (p=0.286), and age (p=0.152). However, the number of lines of chemotherapy was significantly associated with survival (log-rank p=0.013), with an estimated median survival of 10.2 months for patients who received up to two lines of treatment and 23.5 months for those receiving more than two lines of chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: The survival of patients treated was longer than that reported in the literature. The only statistically significant factor related to increased survival was higher number of lines of chemotherapy received. We believe that the higher socioeconomic status of patients surveyed in this study, as well as their greater access to treatment options, may have influenced their overall survival.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Idoso , Brasil , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Avaliação de Estado de Karnofsky/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/secundário , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 13(2): 215-20, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26154542

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the demographic data and clinical outcomes of non-small-cell lung cancer patients exposed to erlotinib in any line of treatment. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of nonsmall-cell lung cancer patients from a reference general hospital and a private oncology clinic, who received erlotinib from 2005 to 2011. Statistical analysis was performed and we evaluated demographic data and response to treatment, by correlating the results of this first cohort published in Brazil with results of current literature. RESULTS: A total of 44 patients were included; 65.9% were diagnosed with adenocarcinoma, and 63.6% had metastatic disease. The mean age was 63.3 years. The median follow-up was 47.9 months. Epidermal growth factor receptor mutation screening was performed in 22.7% of patients (n=10), with mutation present in 30% of patients. The median overall survival was 46.3 months, and there was a higher probability of survival at 60 months for females compared to males (29.4% versus 15.8%; p=0.042). The other variables did not present significant statistical difference. CONCLUSION: We collected the largest cohort of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer who have used erlotinib in Brazil to date, and demonstrated that outcomes of patients treated at our clinic during the study period were consistent with the results of current literature in similar patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Quinazolinas/uso terapêutico , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/secundário , Receptores ErbB/genética , Cloridrato de Erlotinib , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hospitais Gerais , Hospitais com Fins Lucrativos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Gynecol Oncol ; 138(2): 272-7, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26026738

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of hu3S193, a humanized monoclonal antibody against the Lewis-Y antigen, in patients with platinum resistant/refractory ovarian, fallopian tube and primary peritoneal carcinoma. Secondary objectives were safety and pharmacokinetics. In addition, we sought to determine the potential interaction of clinical benefit and patient characteristics. METHODS: This two-stage, multicenter, single arm, phase II trial enrolled eligible patients to receive hu3S193 weekly at a dose of 20mg/m(2) intravenously for 8 weeks (1 cycle) to a maximum of 3 cycles. Efficacy was measured as clinical benefit rate (objective response or stable disease for at least 24 weeks). RESULTS: 26 of 31 patients were eligible for efficacy analysis. No complete/partial responses were observed. Six patients had stable disease for 24+weeks [clinical benefit rate 23% (95% CI=9.77%-46.71%)]. Median PFS was 8.4 weeks (95% CI=6.0 to 16.1). Median PFS differed between patients with no ascites and no visceral disease and patients with ascites and/or visceral disease [16.1 vs. 8.1 weeks (p=0.0058)]. The most commonly reported treatment-related adverse events were fatigue (19.3%) and nausea (16.2%). Allergic reactions occurred in 6 patients (5 with Grade 1/2; 1 with Grade 3). CONCLUSIONS: Hu3S193 lacked sufficient activity in the first stage of the study to open enrollment to the second stage. However, based on the longer PFS in patients with no ascites and no visceral disease, consolidation strategies in platinum sensitive disease are currently being tested.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/terapia , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/terapia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/imunologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/farmacocinética , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/imunologia , Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , /imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/imunologia , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/metabolismo , Compostos Organoplatínicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/imunologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Peritoneais/imunologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
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