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1.
Stem Cell Reports ; 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668852

RESUMO

Despite the importance of understanding how variability across induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines due to non-genetic factors (clone and passage) influences their differentiation outcome, large-scale studies capable of addressing this question have not yet been conducted. Here, we differentiated 191 iPSC lines to generate iPSC-derived cardiovascular progenitor cells (iPSC-CVPCs). We observed cellular heterogeneity across the iPSC-CVPC samples due to varying fractions of two cell types: cardiomyocytes (CMs) and epicardium-derived cells (EPDCs). Comparing the transcriptomes of CM-fated and EPDC-fated iPSCs, we discovered that 91 signature genes and X chromosome dosage differences are associated with these two distinct cardiac developmental trajectories. In an independent set of 39 iPSCs differentiated into CMs, we confirmed that sex and transcriptional differences affect cardiac-fate outcome. Our study provides novel insights into how iPSC transcriptional and X chromosome gene dosage differences influence their response to differentiation stimuli and, hence, cardiac cell fate.

2.
Nat Genet ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570892

RESUMO

The cardiac transcription factor (TF) gene NKX2-5 has been associated with electrocardiographic (EKG) traits through genome-wide association studies (GWASs), but the extent to which differential binding of NKX2-5 at common regulatory variants contributes to these traits has not yet been studied. We analyzed transcriptomic and epigenomic data from induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes from seven related individuals, and identified ~2,000 single-nucleotide variants associated with allele-specific effects (ASE-SNVs) on NKX2-5 binding. NKX2-5 ASE-SNVs were enriched for altered TF motifs, for heart-specific expression quantitative trait loci and for EKG GWAS signals. Using fine-mapping combined with epigenomic data from induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes, we prioritized candidate causal variants for EKG traits, many of which were NKX2-5 ASE-SNVs. Experimentally characterizing two NKX2-5 ASE-SNVs (rs3807989 and rs590041) showed that they modulate the expression of target genes via differential protein binding in cardiac cells, indicating that they are functional variants underlying EKG GWAS signals. Our results show that differential NKX2-5 binding at numerous regulatory variants across the genome contributes to EKG phenotypes.

3.
Infant Behav Dev ; 57: 101378, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629874

RESUMO

Synchronous interactions are an important indicator of parent-child relationship quality with positive implications for child development. Latina adolescent mothers face several demographic challenges that place them at risk for less synchronous interactions. To identify factors that may facilitate more optimal parent-child relationships in this population, our study examined maternal sensitivity and children's behavioral styles as joint predictors of dyadic synchrony among young Latina mothers and their toddlers. Mother-toddler dyads (N = 170) were observed interacting across different tasks, and toddlers' behavior was observed during the administration of a developmental test. Results of multivariate regressions revealed additive effects of maternal sensitivity and child behavioral styles (i.e., dysregulation and positive attentional control). Maternal sensitivity related to higher dyadic synchrony for the entire sample. Positive attentional control was related to higher dyadic synchrony for mother-daughter dyads only. Although no gender differences in dyadic synchrony or the behavior style variables emerged, the relative contribution of maternal and child factors differed by child gender, suggesting that mothers may have responded differently to similar behavior and affect displayed by boys and girls. The findings provide insights regarding factors that contribute to dyadic synchrony in this understudied population and emphasize the need to consider child gender when studying parent-child interactions in young Latina families.

4.
Haematologica ; 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582554

RESUMO

Venous thromboembolism is a frequent complication in patients with cancer. Homozygous carriers of the fibrinogen gamma gene (FGG) rs2066865 have a moderately increased risk of venous thromboembolism, but the effect of the FGG variant in cancer is unknown. We aimed to investigate the effect of the FGG variant and active cancer on the risk of venous thromboembolism. Cases with incident venous thromboembolism (n= 640) and a randomly selected age-weighted sub-cohort (n=3734) were derived from a population-based cohort (the Tromso study). Cox-regression was used to estimate hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals for VTE according to categories of cancer and FGG. In those without cancer, homozygosity at the FGG variant was associated with a 70% (HR 1.7 95% CI 1.2-2.3) increased risk of venous thromboembolism compared to non-carriers. Cancer patients homozygous for the FGG variant had a 2-fold (HR 2.0 95% CI 1.1-3.6) higher risk of venous thromboembolism than cancer patients without the variant. Moreover, the 6-month cumulative incidence of venous thromboembolism among cancer patients was 6.4% (95% CI, 3.5%-11.6%) in homozygous carriers of FGG and 3.1% (95% CI, 2.3%-4.7%) in those without risk alleles. A synergistic effect was observed between rs2066865 and active cancer on the risk of VTE (Synergy index: 1.81, 95% CI: 1.02-3.21, Attributable proportion: 0.43, 95% CI: 0.11-0.74). In conclusion, homozygosity at the FGG variant and active cancer yielded synergistic effect on the risk of venous thromboembolism.

5.
Blood ; 134(19): 1645-1657, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420334

RESUMO

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality. To advance our understanding of the biology contributing to VTE, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of VTE and a transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS) based on imputed gene expression from whole blood and liver. We meta-analyzed GWAS data from 18 studies for 30 234 VTE cases and 172 122 controls and assessed the association between 12 923 718 genetic variants and VTE. We generated variant prediction scores of gene expression from whole blood and liver tissue and assessed them for association with VTE. Mendelian randomization analyses were conducted for traits genetically associated with novel VTE loci. We identified 34 independent genetic signals for VTE risk from GWAS meta-analysis, of which 14 are newly reported associations. This included 11 newly associated genetic loci (C1orf198, PLEK, OSMR-AS1, NUGGC/SCARA5, GRK5, MPHOSPH9, ARID4A, PLCG2, SMG6, EIF5A, and STX10) of which 6 replicated, and 3 new independent signals in 3 known genes. Further, TWAS identified 5 additional genetic loci with imputed gene expression levels differing between cases and controls in whole blood (SH2B3, SPSB1, RP11-747H7.3, RP4-737E23.2) and in liver (ERAP1). At some GWAS loci, we found suggestive evidence that the VTE association signal for novel and previously known regions colocalized with expression quantitative trait locus signals. Mendelian randomization analyses suggested that blood traits may contribute to the underlying risk of VTE. To conclude, we identified 16 novel susceptibility loci for VTE; for some loci, the association signals are likely mediated through gene expression of nearby genes.

6.
Stem Cell Reports ; 12(6): 1342-1353, 2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31080113

RESUMO

We evaluate whether human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived retinal pigment epithelium (iPSC-RPE) cells can be used to prioritize and functionally characterize causal variants at age-related macular degeneration (AMD) risk loci. We generated iPSC-RPE from six subjects and show that they have morphological and molecular characteristics similar to those of native RPE. We generated RNA-seq, ATAC-seq, and H3K27ac ChIP-seq data and observed high similarity in gene expression and enriched transcription factor motif profiles between iPSC-RPE and human fetal RPE. We performed fine mapping of AMD risk loci by integrating molecular data from the iPSC-RPE, adult retina, and adult RPE, which identified rs943080 as the probable causal variant at VEGFA. We show that rs943080 is associated with altered chromatin accessibility of a distal ATAC-seq peak, decreased overall gene expression of VEGFA, and allele-specific expression of a non-coding transcript. Our study thus provides a potential mechanism underlying the association of the VEGFA locus with AMD.

7.
Blood ; 133(25): 2651-2663, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30923040

RESUMO

Targeted sequencing of 103 leukemia-associated genes in leukemia cells from 841 treatment-naive patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) identified 89 (11%) patients as having CLL cells with mutations in genes encoding proteins that putatively are involved in hedgehog (Hh) signaling. Consistent with this finding, there was a significant association between the presence of these mutations and the expression of GLI1 (χ2 test, P < .0001), reflecting activation of the Hh pathway. However, we discovered that 38% of cases without identified mutations also were GLI1+ Patients with GLI1+ CLL cells had a shorter median treatment-free survival than patients with CLL cells lacking expression of GLI1 independent of IGHV mutation status. We found that GANT61, a small molecule that can inhibit GLI1, was highly cytotoxic for GLI1+ CLL cells relative to that of CLL cells without GLI1. Collectively, this study shows that a large proportion of patients have CLL cells with activated Hh signaling, which is associated with early disease progression and enhanced sensitivity to inhibition of GLI1.

8.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1054, 2019 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30837461

RESUMO

While genetic variation at chromatin loops is relevant for human disease, the relationships between contact propensity (the probability that loci at loops physically interact), genetics, and gene regulation are unclear. We quantitatively interrogate these relationships by comparing Hi-C and molecular phenotype data across cell types and haplotypes. While chromatin loops consistently form across different cell types, they have subtle quantitative differences in contact frequency that are associated with larger changes in gene expression and H3K27ac. For the vast majority of loci with quantitative differences in contact frequency across haplotypes, the changes in magnitude are smaller than those across cell types; however, the proportional relationships between contact propensity, gene expression, and H3K27ac are consistent. These findings suggest that subtle changes in contact propensity have a biologically meaningful role in gene regulation and could be a mechanism by which regulatory genetic variants in loop anchors mediate effects on expression.


Assuntos
Cromatina/genética , DNA/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Histonas/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Linhagem Celular , Cromatina/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , Feminino , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miócitos Cardíacos , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , Adulto Jovem
9.
Genet Epidemiol ; 43(4): 449-457, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30659681

RESUMO

Although recent Genome-Wide Association Studies have identified novel associations for common variants, there has been no comprehensive exome-wide search for low-frequency variants that affect the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). We conducted a meta-analysis of 11 studies comprising 8,332 cases and 16,087 controls of European ancestry and 382 cases and 1,476 controls of African American ancestry genotyped with the Illumina HumanExome BeadChip. We used the seqMeta package in R to conduct single variant and gene-based rare variant tests. In the single variant analysis, we limited our analysis to the 64,794 variants with at least 40 minor alleles across studies (minor allele frequency [MAF] ~0.08%). We confirmed associations with previously identified VTE loci, including ABO, F5, F11, and FGA. After adjusting for multiple testing, we observed no novel significant findings in single variant or gene-based analysis. Given our sample size, we had greater than 80% power to detect minimum odds ratios greater than 1.5 and 1.8 for a single variant with MAF of 0.01 and 0.005, respectively. Larger studies and sequence data may be needed to identify novel low-frequency and rare variants associated with VTE risk.


Assuntos
Exoma/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Análise em Microsséries/métodos , Tromboembolia Venosa/genética , Afro-Americanos/genética , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Análise em Microsséries/estatística & dados numéricos , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Tamanho da Amostra , Tromboembolia Venosa/etnologia
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30503783

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies of case-control status have advanced the understanding of the genetic basis of psychiatric disorders. Further progress may be gained by increasing sample size but also by new analysis strategies that advance the exploitation of existing data, especially for clinically important quantitative phenotypes. The functionally-informed efficient region-based test strategy (FIERS) introduced herein uses prior knowledge on biological function and dependence of genotypes within a powerful statistical framework with improved sensitivity and specificity for detecting consistent genetic effects across studies. As proof of concept, FIERS was used for the first genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based investigation on bipolar disorder (BD) that focuses on an important aspect of disease course, the functional outcome. FIERS identified a significantly associated locus on chromosome 15 (hg38: chr15:48965004 - 49464789 bp) with consistent effect strength between two independent studies (GAIN/TGen: European Americans, BOMA: Germans; n = 1592 BD patients in total). Protective and risk haplotypes were found on the most strongly associated SNPs. They contain a CTCF binding site (rs586758); CTCF sites are known to regulate sets of genes within a chromatin domain. The rs586758 - rs2086256 - rs1904317 haplotype is located in the promoter flanking region of the COPS2 gene, close to microRNA4716, and the EID1, SHC4, DTWD1 genes as plausible biological candidates. While implication with BD is novel, COPS2, EID1, and SHC4 are known to be relevant for neuronal differentiation and function and DTWD1 for psychopharmacological side effects. The test strategy FIERS that enabled this discovery is equally applicable for tag SNPs and sequence data.

11.
Circ Genom Precis Med ; 11(12): e002170, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30562114

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identifying genetic variation associated with plasma protein levels, and the mechanisms by which they act, could provide insight into alterable processes involved in regulation of protein levels. Although protein levels can be affected by genetic variants, their estimation can also be biased by missense variants in coding exons causing technical artifacts. Integrating genome sequence genotype data with mass spectrometry-based protein level estimation could reduce bias, thereby improving detection of variation that affects RNA or protein metabolism. METHODS: Here, we integrate the blood plasma protein levels of 664 proteins from 165 participants of the Tromsø Study, measured via tandem mass tag mass spectrometry, with whole-exome sequencing data to identify common and rare genetic variation associated with peptide and protein levels (protein quantitative trait loci [pQTLs]). We additionally use literature and database searches to prioritize putative functional variants for each pQTL. RESULTS: We identify 109 independent associations (36 protein and 73 peptide) and use genotype data to exclude 49 (4 protein and 45 peptide) as technical artifacts. We describe 2 particular cases of rare variation: 1 associated with the complement pathway and 1 with platelet degranulation. We identify putative functional variants and show that pQTLs act through diverse molecular mechanisms that affect both RNA and protein metabolism. CONCLUSIONS: We show that although the majority of pQTLs exert their effects by modulating RNA metabolism, many affect protein levels directly. Our work demonstrates the extent by which pQTL studies are affected by technical artifacts and highlights how prioritizing the functional variant in pQTL studies can lead to insights into the molecular steps by which a protein may be regulated.


Assuntos
Proteínas Sanguíneas/análise , Proteínas Sanguíneas/genética , Variação Genética , Estudos de Coortes , Éxons , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Proteoma/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
12.
Cell Rep ; 24(4): 883-894, 2018 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30044985

RESUMO

To understand the mutational burden of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), we sequenced genomes of 18 fibroblast-derived iPSC lines and identified different classes of somatic mutations based on structure, origin, and frequency. Copy-number alterations affected 295 kb in each sample and strongly impacted gene expression. UV-damage mutations were present in ∼45% of the iPSCs and accounted for most of the observed heterogeneity in mutation rates across lines. Subclonal mutations (not present in all iPSCs within a line) composed 10% of point mutations and, compared with clonal variants, showed an enrichment in active promoters and increased association with altered gene expression. Our study shows that, by combining WGS, transcriptome, and epigenome data, we can understand the mutational burden of each iPSC line on an individual basis and suggests that this information could be used to prioritize iPSC lines for models of specific human diseases and/or transplantation therapy.

14.
Hum Genet ; 136(7): 897-902, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28528403

RESUMO

Observational studies have shown an association between obesity and venous thromboembolism (VTE) but it is not known if observed associations are causal, due to reverse causation or confounding bias. We conducted a Mendelian Randomization study of body mass index (BMI) and VTE. We identified 95 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that have been previously associated with BMI and assessed the association between genetically predicted high BMI and VTE leveraging data from a previously conducted GWAS within the INVENT consortium comprising a total of 7507 VTE cases and 52,632 controls of European ancestry. Five BMI SNPs were associated with VTE at P < 0.05, with the strongest association seen for the FTO SNP rs1558902 (OR 1.07, 95% CI 1.02-1.12, P = 0.005). In addition, we observed a significant association between genetically predicted BMI and VTE (OR = 1.59, 95% CI 1.30-1.93 per standard deviation increase in BMI, P = 5.8 × 10-6). Our study provides evidence for a causal relationship between high BMI and risk of VTE. Reducing obesity levels will likely result in lower incidence in VTE.


Assuntos
Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Obesidade/genética , Tromboembolia Venosa/genética , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Tromboembolia Venosa/complicações
15.
Stem Cell Reports ; 8(4): 1086-1100, 2017 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28410642

RESUMO

Large-scale collections of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) could serve as powerful model systems for examining how genetic variation affects biology and disease. Here we describe the iPSCORE resource: a collection of systematically derived and characterized iPSC lines from 222 ethnically diverse individuals that allows for both familial and association-based genetic studies. iPSCORE lines are pluripotent with high genomic integrity (no or low numbers of somatic copy-number variants) as determined using high-throughput RNA-sequencing and genotyping arrays, respectively. Using iPSCs from a family of individuals, we show that iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes demonstrate gene expression patterns that cluster by genetic background, and can be used to examine variants associated with physiological and disease phenotypes. The iPSCORE collection contains representative individuals for risk and non-risk alleles for 95% of SNPs associated with human phenotypes through genome-wide association studies. Our study demonstrates the utility of iPSCORE for examining how genetic variants influence molecular and physiological traits in iPSCs and derived cell lines.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/genética , Bases de Dados Factuais , Estudos de Associação Genética , Variação Genética , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Arritmias Cardíacas/etnologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/metabolismo , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular , Reprogramação Celular/genética , Grupos de Populações Continentais , Genótipo , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/citologia , Família Multigênica , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
16.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 18(1): 207, 2017 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28388874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genomic interaction studies use next-generation sequencing (NGS) to examine the interactions between two loci on the genome, with subsequent bioinformatics analyses typically including annotation, intersection, and merging of data from multiple experiments. While many file types and analysis tools exist for storing and manipulating single locus NGS data, there is currently no file standard or analysis tool suite for manipulating and storing paired-genomic-loci: the data type resulting from "genomic interaction" studies. As genomic interaction sequencing data are becoming prevalent, a standard file format and tools for working with these data conveniently and efficiently are needed. RESULTS: This article details a file standard and novel software tool suite for working with paired-genomic-loci data. We present the paired-genomic-loci (PGL) file standard for genomic-interactions data, and the accompanying analysis tool suite "pgltools": a cross platform, pypy compatible python package available both as an easy-to-use UNIX package, and as a python module, for integration into pipelines of paired-genomic-loci analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Pgltools is a freely available, open source tool suite for manipulating paired-genomic-loci data. Source code, an in-depth manual, and a tutorial are available publicly at www.github.com/billgreenwald/pgltools , and a python module of the operations can be installed from PyPI via the PyGLtools module.


Assuntos
Cromatina/metabolismo , Genômica/métodos , Software , Cromatina/genética , Imunoprecipitação da Cromatina , Loci Gênicos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala
17.
Cell Stem Cell ; 20(4): 505-517.e6, 2017 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28388429

RESUMO

Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) show variable methylation patterns between lines, some of which reflect aberrant differences relative to embryonic stem cells (ESCs). To examine whether this aberrant methylation results from genetic variation or non-genetic mechanisms, we generated human iPSCs from monozygotic twins to investigate how genetic background, clone, and passage number contribute. We found that aberrantly methylated CpGs are enriched in regulatory regions associated with MYC protein motifs and affect gene expression. We classified differentially methylated CpGs as being associated with genetic and/or non-genetic factors (clone and passage), and we found that aberrant methylation preferentially occurs at CpGs associated with clone-specific effects. We further found that clone-specific effects play a strong role in recurrent aberrant methylation at specific CpG sites across different studies. Our results argue that a non-genetic biological mechanism underlies aberrant methylation in iPSCs and that it is likely based on a probabilistic process involving MYC that takes place during or shortly after reprogramming.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA/genética , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Motivos de Nucleotídeos/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Células Clonais , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Variação Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Gêmeos Monozigóticos/genética
18.
Cell Stem Cell ; 20(4): 533-546.e7, 2017 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28388430

RESUMO

In this study, we used whole-genome sequencing and gene expression profiling of 215 human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines from different donors to identify genetic variants associated with RNA expression for 5,746 genes. We were able to predict causal variants for these expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) that disrupt transcription factor binding and validated a subset of them experimentally. We also identified copy-number variant (CNV) eQTLs, including some that appear to affect gene expression by altering the copy number of intergenic regulatory regions. In addition, we were able to identify effects on gene expression of rare genic CNVs and regulatory single-nucleotide variants and found that reactivation of gene expression on the X chromosome depends on gene chromosomal position. Our work highlights the value of iPSCs for genetic association analyses and provides a unique resource for investigating the genetic regulation of gene expression in pluripotent cells.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Variação Genética , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação/genética , Reprogramação Celular/genética , Cromossomos Humanos X/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Heterogeneidade Genética , Humanos , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Sequências Reguladoras de Ácido Nucleico/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
19.
J Lat Psychol ; 5(1): 45-60, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28210534

RESUMO

Adolescent mothers face multiple stressors and are at risk for experiencing high levels of depressive symptoms and parenting stress. This study examined the interplay of Latino cultural orientation and perceived support from romantic partners in protecting the adjustment of young, low-income, Puerto Rican mothers (N = 103; M age = 18.0 yrs; SD = 1.2) during the second year postpartum. In multivariate analyses, perceived partner support was uniquely and negatively associated with both maternal depressive symptoms and parenting stress. However, in the case of parenting stress, this association was moderated by mothers' Latino cultural orientation. Perceived partner support was related to less parenting stress when mothers endorsed a relatively strong Latino cultural orientation; perceived partner support was no longer protective at low levels of Latino orientation. The implications for intervention and for the understanding of the role of culture in social support processes within close relationships are discussed.

20.
Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol ; 23(2): 300-309, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27454887

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: It is imperative that individual differences in the cultural contexts of adolescent mothers, whose parenting is often linked to poor child outcomes, be better understood, especially among Puerto Rican-origin mothers who experience high rates of poverty. Behaviors that mothers use to elicit compliance from their children are important to investigate, because children's ability to engage in regulated, compliant behavior has long-term consequences for their adjustment. This study tested whether mothers' orientation to both American and Latino cultures influenced the associations between such maternal behaviors and compliant and defiant child behaviors. METHOD: The sample included 123 young, Puerto Rican-origin mothers and their 24-month-old toddlers. Behaviors coded from a toy cleanup task measured maternal guidance and control and child compliance and defiance, and acculturation and enculturation were measured with a self-report questionnaire. RESULTS: Maternal guidance predicted more child compliance, with no significant variations by cultural orientation; however, mothers who were more enculturated had children who were more compliant. As predicted, mothers' more frequent use of control was related to more child defiance for mothers reporting high levels of acculturation, and not for less acculturated mothers. CONCLUSIONS: Findings support the hypothesis that individual differences in cultural orientation influence variations in associations between certain maternal and child behaviors. (PsycINFO Database Record


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar/etnologia , Aculturação , Adolescente , Comportamento Infantil/etnologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Mãe-Filho , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pobreza , Porto Rico/etnologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
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