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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586421

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Urinary tract involvement is a seldom-reported manifestation of SSc that could compromise patients' quality of life. This study compares lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in SSc patients and in healthy subjects and their association with clinical and diagnostic parameters. METHODS: LUTS were assessed through self-reported questionnaires in 42 SSc patients and 50 matched healthy subjects. Statistical analyses were performed to explore LUTS in the two populations and their association with SSc variables, including nailfold videocapillaroscopy patterns, SSc-related antibodies and DXA parameters. RESULTS: SSc patients showed significantly higher prevalence and severity of urinary incontinence (UI) and overactive bladder (OAB) than healthy controls (P < 0.005, P < 0.01). SSc was a strong predictor of LUTS, independent of demographic data, comorbidities and treatments (odds ratio 5.57, 95% CI 1.64-18.88). In SSc patients OAB positively correlated with sarcopenia (P < 0.001), and both OAB and UI significantly correlated with reduced BMD (P < 0.05, P = 0.001). UI positively correlated with Scl70 antibodies (P < 0.05) and ciclosporin treatment (P = 0.001) and negatively with RNA polymerase III antibodies (P < 0.05); OAB positively correlated with calcinosis (P < 0.005) and negatively with methotrexate treatment (P < 0.05). Nailfold videocapillaroscopy 'active' and 'late' patterns were predominant among SSc patients presenting urinary symptoms, although no statistical correlation was found. CONCLUSION: For the first time urinary tract involvement was found to be significantly higher in SSc patients than in healthy matched controls. In addition, sarcopenia, bone damage and calcinosis appeared significantly correlated with LUTS, suggesting a possible interplay.

2.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37 Suppl 119(4): 102-107, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587695

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively study nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) changes in mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) patients and to compare the capillary morphological abnormalities between patients affected by MCTD and systemic sclerosis (SSc) over time. METHODS: Ten MCTD patients on whom NVC had been performed, with a follow-up of three years, were selected. In addition, ten patients affected by SSc with similar age and disease duration of MCTD patients were enrolled to compare NVC abnormalities at baseline (T0). RESULTS: Seven out of ten patients with MCTD showed a "scleroderma-like pattern" at first NVC. No statistically significant variation of the detected NVC parameters was observed during the 3-year follow-up, and no statistically significant correlation was observed between capillary parameters and MCTD clinical aspects at first visit and during the follow-up. The scores of enlarged capillaries, giant capillaries and microhaemorrhages were significantly lower (p<0.05) in MCTD versus SSc patients at T0, moreover, the absolute number of total capillaries and normal capillaries was found significantly higher (p<0.05) in MCTD versus SSc patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that nailfold microvascular damage does not seem to be significantly progressive in MCTD patients during a three-year follow-up. MCTD patients show significantly lower number of enlarged/giant capillaries, but higher number of total and normal capillaries than SSc patients at first nailfold capillaroscopy. The identification of a specific NVC pattern in MCTD patients is not yet possible.


Assuntos
Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo , Unhas , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Capilares , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Unhas/irrigação sanguínea , Unhas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526595

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the validation status of laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) according to the 'Outcome Measures in Rheumatologic Clinical Trials' (OMERACT) filter. METHODS: The literature was systematically reviewed to identify all reports assessing the microcirculatory flow in SSc patients. The OMERACT filter -including the domains of truth, discrimination and feasibility- was applied and a quality assessment was done by the 'Good Methods Checklist'. To ease the comparison between studies the results were grouped per dynamic test situation: basal, cold/heat challenge and occlusion. RESULTS: The literature search resulted in 4332 hits. Based on title and abstract screening 243 hits were retained and of these, 52 full texts described an assessment by LDF in SSc patients. Finally, 18 studies passed the quality assessment and form the object of this review. The review reveals that expert consensus is lacking on the face and content validity of LDF in SSc. The construct validity of LDF, on the other hand is partially validated. Conflicting results exist on the discriminant capacity of LDF in distinguishing healthy from diseased patients, primary from secondary Raynaud's phenomenon and in differentiating between disease subsets. Yet, complementing an LDF-measurement with a heat challenge, as well as the evaluation of the post-occlusive hyperaemic response, has the potential to elicit a difference between healthy and diseased patients. Lastly, data on the feasibility of LDF in SSc is lacking in the identified literature. CONCLUSION: This systematic review emphasizes the very preliminary validation status of LDF in the assessment of the microcirculatory flow in SSc.

5.
Autoimmun Rev ; : 102397, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease; the clinical manifestations are correlated with continuum multiarticular synovitis, cartilage and bone damage, and defeat of joint function, that causes disability. Involvement of internal organs is also frequent. Between the inflammatory cells involved in RA, macrophages play a key role. These cells can polarize in different phenotype and mediate the immune/inflammatory reaction as well as the reparatory phase when possible. The properties of these cells are mediate by the body's environmental factors. In this systematic review, all English-speaking articles concerning the role of M1 (pro-inflammatory) or M2 (anti-inflammatory) macrophages in RA were systematically reviewed and categorized according to their polarized-function in RA, especially in the synovial tissue. Analyses of the endogenous molecules and the drugs that could modulate M1 and M2 activity in RA were achieved. METHODS: A sensitive search was developed in Pubmed, Web of Science, Ovid Med-Line, Embase Database and Science Direct Database (la both from Elsevier) to identify articles to increase the highlighting on the role of macrophages M1 and M2 in RA using the following terms: ((M1 AND M2) AND Rheumatoid Arthritis). All selected papers were read and discussed by two independent reviewers. The selection process was based on title, abstract and full text level. Relevant data were extracted and analyzed using a standardized template designed for this review. RESULTS: In total 39 resulting articles were selected and categorized according to description of M1/M2's role in RA. Data from humans, mice and rats were subcategorized, thus in every section were highlighted the contribute, in peripheral blood and synovial tissue, of both polarized macrophages; section for endogenous molecules and drugs that favor the switch from M1 to M2 macrophages were carried out. The most evinced relevant results, were that in RA blood and in the synovial tissue, there isn't a clear distinction phase with M1 or M2 macrophages (by membrane marker analysis); rather there is M1 and M2 subset disequilibrium and by deeply analyses of mRNA gene and cytokine produced, it emerged that a non-coherent expression inner marker match with membrane molecules, and also the tissue section can define the marker expressed. CONCLUSION: This systematic review emphasizes that the rigid classical subdivision of M1 and M2 macrophages, as well as the different samples' results comparison, might be questionable. In addition, it is suggested, when taking samples from RA patients, to carefully consider their therapies in order to analyze the M1 and M2 macrophages behavior without drug influence. In line with the advances in M1 and M2 knowledge, and the progression in the single-cell methodologies by identification of individual cell molecular markers, therapeutic approaches seem possible to favor the anti-inflammatory macrophage response in RA (e.g. M2 polarization).

6.
Autoimmun Rev ; : 102394, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520797

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to propose a simple "Fast Track algorithm" for capillaroscopists of any level of experience to differentiate "scleroderma patterns" from "non-scleroderma patterns" on capillaroscopy and to assess its inter-rater reliability. METHODS: Based on existing definitions to categorise capillaroscopic images as "scleroderma patterns" and taking into account the real life variability of capillaroscopic images described standardly according to the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Study Group on Microcirculation in Rheumatic Diseases, a fast track decision tree, the "Fast Track algorithm" was created by the principal expert (VS) to facilitate swift categorisation of an image as "non-scleroderma pattern (category 1)" or "scleroderma pattern (category 2)". Mean inter-rater reliability between all raters (experts/attendees) of the 8th EULAR course on capillaroscopy in Rheumatic Diseases (Genoa, 2018) and, as external validation, of the 8th European Scleroderma Trials and Research group (EUSTAR) course on systemic sclerosis (SSc) (Nijmegen, 2019) versus the principal expert, as well as reliability between the rater pairs themselves was assessed by mean Cohen's and Light's kappa coefficients. RESULTS: Mean Cohen's kappa was 1/0.96 (95% CI 0.95-0.98) for the 6 experts/135 attendees of the 8th EULAR capillaroscopy course and 1/0.94 (95% CI 0.92-0.96) for the 3 experts/85 attendees of the 8th EUSTAR SSc course. Light's kappa was 1/0.92 at the 8th EULAR capillaroscopy course, and 1/0.87 at the 8th EUSTAR SSc course. CONCLUSION: For the first time, a clinical expert based fast track decision algorithm has been developed to differentiate a "non-scleroderma" from a "scleroderma pattern" on capillaroscopic images, demonstrating excellent reliability when applied by capillaroscopists with varying levels of expertise versus the principal expert and corroborated with external validation.

7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2019 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The European Scleroderma Trials and Research Group (EUSTAR) recently developed a preliminarily revised activity index (AI) that performed better than the European Scleroderma Study Group Activity Index (EScSG-AI) in systemic sclerosis (SSc). OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value for short-term disease severity accrual of the EUSTAR-AI, as compared with those of the EScSG-AI and of known adverse prognostic factors. METHODS: Patients with SSc from the EUSTAR database with a disease duration from the onset of the first non-Raynaud sign/symptom ≤5 years and a baseline visit between 2003 and 2014 were first extracted. To capture the disease activity variations over time, EUSTAR-AI and EScSG-AI adjusted means were calculated. The primary outcome was disease progression defined as a Δ≥1 in the Medsger's severity score and in distinct items at the 2-year follow-up visit. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to identify predictive factors. RESULTS: 549 patients were enrolled. At multivariate analysis, the EUSTAR-AI adjusted mean was the only predictor of any severity accrual and of that of lung and heart, skin and peripheral vascular disease over 2 years. CONCLUSION: The adjusted mean EUSTAR-AI has the best predictive value for disease progression and development of severe organ involvement over time in SSc.

8.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416927

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is one of the leading causes of death in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Current screening algorithms are hampered by low positive predictive values. Outcome measures that could futurely add to performance characteristics would be very welcome. Against this background, we aim to evaluate the role of nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) using standardized definitions, in SSc related PAH (SSc-PAH). METHODS: A systematic review to identify original research papers documenting an association between NVC and right heart catheterisation defined SSc-PAH was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines. Subsequently, NVC parameters were subdivided into quantitative (capillary density, dimension, morphology, and haemorrhages), semi-quantitative and qualitative assessment (NVC pattern), according to the definitions of the EULAR Study Group on Microcirculation in Rheumatic Diseases. RESULTS: The systematic search identified 316 unique search results, of which 5 were included in the final qualitative analysis. The occurrence of incident SSc-PAH unequivocally associated in 2 longitudinal studies with progressive capillary loss (p=0.04 and p=0.033) and the progression to a severe (active/late) NVC pattern (p=0.05/0.01 and HR=5.12, 95%CI: 1.23- 21.27). In 3 cross-sectional studies, SSc-PAH was found to be unequivocally inversely associated with capillary density (p=0.001 and p<0.05) and associated with the presence of a severe NVC pattern (p=0.03 and p<0.05). CONCLUSION: This is the first systematic literature review investigating the role of NVC in SSc-PAH using standardized description. Unequivocal associations were found between (incident) SSc-PAH and capillary density and NVC pattern. Integration of NVC into current screening algorithms to boost their performance may be a future step.

10.
J Intellect Dev Disabil ; 44(3): 321-336, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31263379

RESUMO

Background: The current study investigated the impact of an intervention that included aided augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) technologies on the frequency of symbolic communication turns of school-age children, adolescents, and young adults with severe disability. Method: Nine students ages 8-20 were engaged in interactive activities using an aided AAC system with visual scene displays (VSDs; concepts embedded within a photograph of a naturally occurring event), and "just-in-time" (JIT) programming (the capability to add new contexts "on the fly"). Effectiveness was evaluated using a single subject multiple probe across participants design. Results: All participants demonstrated increases in symbolic communication turns upon introduction of the AAC technologies with VSDs using JIT technology. Conclusions: AAC with VSDs and JIT programming may be effective in increasing symbolic communication for students with severe developmental disability. The fast and easy creation of VSDs and hotspots to provide communication may be a valuable tool for interventionists.


Assuntos
Auxiliares de Comunicação para Pessoas com Deficiência , Transtornos da Comunicação/reabilitação , Comunicação , Apresentação de Dados , Tecnologia , Percepção Visual , Adolescente , Criança , Gráficos por Computador , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Aplicativos Móveis , Estimulação Luminosa , Estudantes , Adulto Jovem
11.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287411

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Today, the contribution of myositis-specific autoantibodies (MSA) in the diagnostic workup of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) is on the rise. The aim of this study was to document MSA frequency as detected by lineblot in a set of consecutive MSA requests and to correlate the results with clinical diagnosis, IIM subtype and indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) findings. Additionally, a comparison between two lineblots was performed. METHODS: A total of 118 consecutive samples of patients with suspicion of IIM were analysed on IIF and two lineblots. A total of 107 patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases served as controls. RESULTS: MSA were detected in 55% of IIM patients (n=31) and 7.9% (n=12) of patients without clinical diagnosis of IIM or myositis overlap syndrome. All the IIM patients had a MSA-compatible clinical subtype. There was no to fair agreement between both lineblots for the individual antibodies, with most discrepancies observed for anti-TIF1γ (κ=-0.021), anti-SRP (κ=-0.006) and anti-SAE (κ=0.395). Differences between both assays were mostly observed in the non-IIM patients, also showing signi cantly lower blot signal intensities compared to IIM patients (p=0.0013). MSA in the non-IIM patients frequently showed an incompatible IIF pattern. CONCLUSIONS: Lineblot seems to be an interesting tool for MSA detection in a clinical context, allowing the identification of clinical subtypes. However, considerable caution must be exercised in interpreting the results in case of low positive MSA signal intensity, discordant lineblot results and/or an incompatible IIF pattern.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230071

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The pathological changes in SSc include immune system dysregulation and microvascular damage. However, the association of immune cell phenotype heterogeneity and microvascular abnormalities is unclear. The aim of this study is to elucidate this association in SSc. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from 150 SSc patients were used for comprehensive flow cytometric analysis based on the Human Immunology Project. Hierarchical cluster analysis was used to classify SSc patients into subgroups and their association with microvascular abnormalities, as assessed by nailfold videocapillaroscopy (i.e. 'early', 'active' and 'late' patterns), was analysed. RESULTS: The proportions of activated CD4+ T cells, T cells re-expressing CD45RA, activated Th1 and Th17 cells and IgD-CD27- B cells were higher in SSc patients than in healthy individuals. Hierarchical cluster analysis stratified SSc patients into three groups: patients with few immune abnormalities (fewer abnormalities group), patients with high proportions of activated T and Treg cells (Treg-dominant group) and patients with high proportions of Tfh and plasmablasts (Tfh-dominant group). Age and disease duration were comparable among the groups. On the other hand, microvascular abnormalities, especially the 'late' nailfold videocapillaroscopy pattern, correlated with internal organ involvement. Among the groups stratified according to immune cell phenotype, the progression to the 'late' nailfold videocapillaroscopy pattern was more frequent in the Tfh-dominant group. CONCLUSION: Our study confirmed the presence of immunophenotypic abnormalities in SSc. Immunological abnormalities were not uniform but rather limited to subpopulations, particularly the Tfh-dominant group, where they were highly associated with microvascular abnormalities and organ involvement.

13.
J Water Health ; 17(3): 442-454, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31095519

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the presence of norovirus (NoV) in recreational waters of four estuarine beaches located in Mosqueiro Island, Belém city, Brazilian Amazon, during two years of monitoring (2012 and 2013). NoV particles were concentrated on filtering membrane by the adsorption-elution method and detected by semi-nested RT-PCR (reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction) and sequencing. NoV positivity was observed in 37.5% (39/104) of the surface water samples, with genogroup GI (69.2%) occurring at a higher frequency than GII (25.7%), with a cocirculation of both genogroups in two samples (5.1%). This virus was detected in all sampling points analyzed, showing the highest detection rate at the Paraíso Beach (46.2%). Statistically, there was a dependence relationship between tide levels and positive detection, with a higher frequency at high tide (46.7%) than at low tide (25%) periods. Months with the highest detection rates (April 2012 and April/May 2013) were preceded by periods of higher precipitation (March 2012 and February/March 2013). Phylogenetic analysis showed the circulation of the old pandemic variant (GII.4-US_95-96) and GI.8. The NoV detection demonstrated viral contamination on the beaches and evidenced the health risk to bathers, mainly through recreational activities such as bathing, and highlighted the importance of including enteric viruses research in the recreational water quality monitoring.


Assuntos
Norovirus , Microbiologia da Água , Brasil , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Genótipo , Filogenia , Recreação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
14.
Rheumatol Int ; 39(8): 1369-1376, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056725

RESUMO

The objective is to detect any possible correlation between the modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS) and dermal thickness (DT) measured by skin high-frequency ultrasound (US) and the percentage of circulating fibrocytes in patients with limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (lcSSc). Eight lcSSc patients and five healthy subjects (control group, CNT) were enrolled. The skin involvement was evaluated by mRSS and US (18 and 22 MHz probes) in all 13 subjects in the 17 standard skin areas evaluated by mRss. Circulating fibrocytes were isolated from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of all lcSSc patients and the CNT group to analyze their percentage at baseline time (T0) when the experiments started with PBMCs' isolation and collection and after 8 days of culture (T8). Non-parametric tests were used for the statistical analysis. A positive correlation between the percentage of circulating fibrocytes at T0, mRSS (p = 0.04 r = 0.96), and DT-US, evaluated by the 22 MHz and the 18 MHz probes (p = 0.03, r = 0.66 and p = 0.05, r = 0.52, respectively), was observed in lcSSc patients. Conversely, at T8, there was no correlation (p > 0.05) between these parameters in lcSSc group. In the CNT group, no correlations between mRSS or DT-US and the percentage of circulating fibrocytes were observed both at T0 and T8. The study shows the presence of a significant relationship between the percentage of circulating fibrocytes and DT, as evidenced by both mRSS and US, in limited cutaneus SSc. This observation may well suggest the reasonable hypothesis of a crucial contribution of circulating fibrocytes to skin fibrosis progression, which might be considered as further biomarkers.

15.
Expert Rev Clin Immunol ; 15(7): 753-764, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31046487

RESUMO

Introduction: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a complex autoimmune connective tissue disease characterized by chronic and progressive tissue and organ fibrosis with broad patient-to-patient variability. Some risk factors are known and include combination of persistent Raynaud's phenomenon, steroid hormone imbalance, selected chemicals, thermal, or other injuries. Endogenous and/or exogenous environmental trigger/risk factors promote epigenetic mechanisms in genetically primed subjects. Disease pathogenesis presents early microvascular changes with endothelial cell dysfunction, followed by the activation of mechanisms promoting their transition into myofibroblasts. A complex autoimmune response, involving innate and adaptive immunity with specific/functional autoantibody production, characterizes the disease. Progressive fibrosis and ischemia involve skin and visceral organs resulting in their irreversible damage/failure. Progenitor circulating cells (monocytes, fibrocytes), together with growth factors and cytokines participate in disease diffusion and evolution. Epigenetic, vascular and immunologic mechanisms implicated in systemic fibrosis, represent major targets for incoming disease modifying therapeutic approaches. Areas covered: This review discusses current understanding and new insights of SSc pathogenesis, through an overview of the most relevant advancements to present aspects and mechanisms involved in disease pathogenesis. Expert opinion: Considering SSc intricacy/heterogeneity, early combination therapy with vasodilators, immunosuppressive and antifibrotic drugs should successfully downregulate the disease progression, especially if started from the beginning.

16.
Microvasc Res ; 125: 103881, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075243

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Microangiopathy is a hallmark of systemic sclerosis (SSc). It is a progressive process from an early inflammatory and proangiogenic environment to insufficient microvascular repair with loss of microvessels. The exact underlying mechanisms remain ill-defined. Aim of the study was to investigate whether imbalanced angiopoietins/VEGF serum profile should be related in SSc to the altered microvascular reactivity characterized by aberrant angiogenesis and avascularity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum levels of Angiopoietin-1 (Ang1), Angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) and VEGF were measured by ELISA in 47 SSc patients and 27 healthy controls. Microvascular alterations were assessed by nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC). RESULTS: Serum concentrations of Ang1 were significantly lower [mean (S.D.): 21516.04 (11,441.035) pg/ml], and Ang2 significantly increased [25,89.55 (934.225) pg/ml] in SSc as compared with the control group [Ang1: 28,457.08 (10,431.905) pg/ml; Ang2: 1556.23 (481.255) pg/ml, p < 0.01, respectively], whereas VEGF did not differ significantly. The ratios of Ang1/Ang2 and Ang1/VEGF were significantly lower in SSc patients (8.346 ±â€¯4.523 and 95.17 ±â€¯75.0, respectively) than in healthy subjects (17.612 ±â€¯6.731 p < 0.000001 and 183.11 ±â€¯137.73; p = 0.004]. Formation of giant capillaries with vascular leakage and collapse was associated with significant increase in VEGF and concomitant Ang1 deficiency. Capillary loss was related to significant increase in VEGF with respect to those with preserved capillary number (395.12 ±â€¯256.27 pg/mL vs. 254.80 ±â€¯213.61 pg/mL) whereas elevated Ang2 levels induced more advanced capillary damage as indicated by the presence of the "Late" NVC pattern. CONCLUSIONS: We found that serum levels of Ang1, Ang2 and VEGF are differentially expressed in SSc and altered Ang1/Ang2 profile might underlay the aberrant angiogenesis in SSc despite increase in VEGF. For the first time we identified that significant deficiency of Ang1 might be involved in early capillary enlargement, followed by collapse and lack of stable newly-formed vessels in VEGF-enriched environment, whereas Ang2 levels seem to increase later in disease progression and advanced microvascular damage ("Late" NVC pattern).

18.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(7): 979-987, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30967395

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of rituximab in systemic sclerosis (SSc) in clinical practice. METHODS: We performed a prospective study including patients with SSc from the European Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) network treated with rituximab and matched with untreated patients with SSc. The main outcomes measures were adverse events, skin fibrosis improvement, lung fibrosis worsening and steroids use among propensity score-matched patients treated or not with rituximab. RESULTS: 254 patients were treated with rituximab, in 58% for lung and in 32% for skin involvement. After a median follow-up of 2 years, about 70% of the patients had no side effect. Comparison of treated patients with 9575 propensity-score matched patients showed that patients treated with rituximab were more likely to have skin fibrosis improvement (22.7 vs 14.03 events per 100 person-years; OR: 2.79 [1.47-5.32]; p=0.002). Treated patients did not have significantly different rates of decrease in forced vital capacity (FVC)>10% (OR: 1.03 [0.55-1.94]; p=0.93) nor in carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO) decrease. Patients having received rituximab were more prone to stop or decrease steroids (OR: 2.34 [1.56-3.53], p<0.0001). Patients treated concomitantly with mycophenolate mofetil had a trend for better outcomes as compared with patients receiving rituximab alone (delta FVC: 5.22 [0.83-9.62]; p=0.019 as compared with controls vs 3 [0.66-5.35]; p=0.012). CONCLUSION: Rituximab use was associated with a good safety profile in this large SSc-cohort. Significant change was observed on skin fibrosis, but not on lung. However, the limitation is the observational design. The potential stabilisation of lung fibrosis by rituximab has to be addressed by a randomised trial.

20.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 49(1): 119-125, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30660382

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare and complex autoimmune disorder characterized by microvascular damage and progressive fibrosis which affects the skin and multiple other organs. Much of the published data concerning SSc and the eye consists of single case reports or small case studies. This systematic review aims to provide an overview of the current level of evidence for SSc-related ocular changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted using 3 electronic databases, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. A combination of following keywords was used: "Systemic Sclerosis" and ophthalmology-related search terms, including the keywords "Eye", "Ocular" and "Ophthalmic". All articles were screened by 2 independent reviewers at title, abstract and full text level. We solely included case-control studies that investigated specific ocular findings in SSc patients compared to healthy controls. RESULTS: Nine of 270 articles were retained. Dry eye symptoms are associated with SSc, whereas objective signs (Schirmer I testing) show conflicting results. There is insufficient evidence of SSc-related changes to the central corneal thickness. In terms of posterior segment involvement, choroidal vasculature appears to be affected to greater extent than the retinal microcirculation. However, the limited number of patients included in the studies renders it hazardous to draw overall conclusions. CONCLUSIONS: There is a paucity of well-designed case-control studies investigating possible ocular involvement in SSc. Our systematic review demonstrates limited proven associations between SSc and ocular abnormalities, mainly in terms of dry eye symptoms and choroidal thickness. Future standardized prospective studies are needed to clarify the impact of the disease on the eye.

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