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1.
Cad Saude Publica ; 34(9): e00205917, 2018 09 06.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30208184

RESUMO

This study investigated the relationship between externalizing behavior problems (EBP), internalizing behavior problems (IBP), and combined externalizing/internalizing behavior problems (EIBP) in early adolescence (11 years) and substance use (alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drugs) at 15 years, using data from the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort. Behavior problems were assessed with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), applied to mothers when their children were 15 years old. Substance use was assessed with a self-applied confidential questionnaire for the adolescent. The association between behavior problems and substance use was analyzed with Poisson regression with robust adjustment of variance. After adjusting for confounding, adolescents with EBP showed higher risk of alcohol abuse (RR = 1.74, 95%CI: 1.21; 2.50) and experimentation (RR = 1.78, 95%CI: 1.42; 2,23) and tobacco use in the previous 30 days (RR = 2.38, 95%CI: 1.64; 3.45). Adolescents with IBP showed greater risk of having tried tobacco (RR = 1.54, 95%CI: 1.22; 1.93) and of having used tobacco products in the previous 30 days (RR = 1.92, 95%CI: 1.31; 2.83). Adolescents with EIBP showed greater risk of trying (RR = 2.24, 95%CI: 1.57; 3.21) and consuming tobacco products in the previous days (RR = 3.01, 95%CI: 1.63; 5.56), and lower risk of having tried alcohol at 15 years of age (RR = 0.72, 95%CI: 0.55; 0.94). Public health measures aimed at reducing behavior problems in early adolescence can help reduce tobacco and alcohol consumption at 15 years.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Mães , Distribuição de Poisson , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fumar/psicologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
2.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 27(1): e201720112, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29451616

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to analyze the association between counseling by health care professionals and healthy behaviors among the elderly. METHODS: population-based, cross-sectional study with elderly individuals (≥60 years) interviewed in 2014; Poisson regression was used to estimate crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) of associations between counseling by health professionals on the reduction of salt, sugar and fat and on the practice of physical activity during the year previous to the interview and healthy behaviors. RESULTS: 1,281 elderly individuals were interviewed; after adjustments, the elderly who mentioned receiving counseling by health professionals reported reduction in the intake of salt (PR 1.64; 95%CI 1.41;1.91), sugar and sweets (PR 1.21; 95%CI 1.08;1.36) and greater practice of physical activity (PR 1.21; 95%CI 1.06;1.39), when compared to the elderly who had not received any counseling. CONCLUSION: the counseling carried out by health professionals seems to favor the practice of healthy habits among elderly individuals.


Assuntos
Aconselhamento/métodos , Exercício , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/organização & administração , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição de Poisson , Prevalência
3.
Rev Saude Publica ; 52: 9, 2018 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29412376

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review study aimed to assess the evidence available for the association between breastfeeding and behavior disorders in childhood and adolescence. METHODS: The search was carried out in the PubMed, Lilacs, and PsycINFO databases up to December 2016. Inclusion criteria were as follows: prospective, retrospective and cross-sectional studies assessing the association between breastfeeding and behavior disorders in childhood or adolescence, using psychometric tests, carried out in humans and published in Portuguese, English, or Spanish. The search was performed in several stages by two independent researchers using pre-established criteria. RESULTS: Eighteen studies met the inclusion criteria. Breastfeeding for a period equal to or higher than three or four months seemed to be inversely associated with total behavior and conduct disorders in childhood; however, the association remains unclear for other behavior disorders. Only four studies assessed behavior disorders in adolescence, and when an association was found, it was likely to be positive. The duration of breastfeeding seemed to be more important than the exclusive or non-exclusive pattern of breastfeeding. CONCLUSIONS: Breastfed children for at least three to four months had fewer total behavior and conduct disorders in childhood. Further studies are needed to better understand this association, particularly in adolescence and involving other behavioral profiles.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Mentais/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente , Criança , Comportamento Infantil , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
4.
Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 41: e142, 2018 Feb 19.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29466523

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between breastfeeding duration and externalizing behaviors in childhood and adolescence. METHODS: Data from the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort was used. Information on breastfeeding was assessed at 12 months of age. Behavior was assessed at 4 years of age using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and at ages 11 and 15 years using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), both administered to the mother or caretaker. Of 5 249 cohort participants, those with complete data on breastfeeding and externalizing behaviors were included: 630 children at 4 years of age, 1 277 adolescents at 11 years, and 1 199 at 15 years. Poisson regression with robust variance was used to assess the association between breastfeeding duration and externalizing behaviors. RESULTS: After adjustment for confounders, children who were breastfed for least 6 months had lower risk of hyperactivity (RR = 0.54; 95%CI: 0.32-0.91) at age 11 compared to those breastfed for less than 1 month. However, no association was observed between breastfeeding duration and externalizing behaviors at ages 4 and 15. CONCLUSIONS: Although breastfeeding for at least 6 months was inversely associated with hyperactivity at 11 years of age no association was observed at 4 and 15 years of age. Further longitudinal studies should focus on other aspects influencing externalizing behaviors, such as presence of the father in the family, domestic violence and abuse, and the quality of mother-child relationship.

5.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 27(1): e201720112, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-953377

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar a associação entre recebimento de orientações por profissionais de saúde e comportamentos saudáveis entre idosos. Métodos: estudo transversal de base populacional com idosos (≥60 anos) entrevistados em 2014; utilizou-se regressão de Poisson para estimar razões de prevalência (RP) brutas e ajustadas das associações entre recebimento de orientações sobre redução do sal, açúcar e gordura, e prática de atividade física, disponibilizadas por profissionais de saúde no ano anterior à entrevista, e apresentação de comportamentos saudáveis. Resultados: foram incluídos 1.281 idosos; após os ajustes, idosos que referiram receber orientações de profissionais de saúde relataram redução do consumo de sal (RP 1,64; IC95% 1,41;1,91) e de açúcar e doces (RP 1,21; IC95% 1,08;1,36) e maior prática de atividade física (RP 1,21; IC95% 1,06;1,39), em comparação aos idosos que não receberam orientação. Conclusão: as orientações realizadas por profissionais de saúde parecem favorecer a prática de hábitos saudáveis em idosos.


Objetivo: analizar la asociación entre el recibimiento de orientaciones de profesionales de salud y conductas saludables entre adultos mayores. Métodos: estudio transversal, de base poblacional con adultos mayores (≥60 años) en 2014; utilizamos regresión de Poisson para estimar razones de prevalencia (RP) crudas y ajustadas, sobre la asociaciones entre recibir orientaciones referentes a reducción de sal, azúcar y grasa y práctica de actividad física, administradas por profesionales de salud en el año anterior a la entrevista y comportamientos saludables. Resultados: se incluyeron 1.281 adultos mayores; después de los ajustes, los que repesortaron recibir orientaciones de profesionales de salud tuvieron reducción de ingesta de sal (RP 1,64; IC95% 1,41;1,91), azúcar (RP 1,21; IC95% 1,08;1,36) y mayor práctica de actividad física (RP 1,21; IC95% 1,06;1,39) en comparación con los que no recibieron. Conclusión: las orientaciones realizadas por profesionales de salud parecen favorecer la práctica de hábitos saludables en adultos mayores.


Objective: to analyze the association between counseling by health care professionals and healthy behaviors among the elderly. Methods: population-based, cross-sectional study with elderly individuals (≥60 years) interviewed in 2014; Poisson regression was used to estimate crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) of associations between counseling by health professionals on the reduction of salt, sugar and fat and on the practice of physical activity during the year previous to the interview and healthy behaviors. Results: 1,281 elderly individuals were interviewed; after adjustments, the elderly who mentioned receiving counseling by health professionals reported reduction in the intake of salt (PR 1.64; 95%CI 1.41;1.91), sugar and sweets (PR 1.21; 95%CI 1.08;1.36) and greater practice of physical activity (PR 1.21; 95%CI 1.06;1.39), when compared to the elderly who had not received any counseling. Conclusion: the counseling carried out by health professionals seems to favor the practice of healthy habits among elderly individuals.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Saúde do Idoso , Aconselhamento , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Estilo de Vida , Estudos Transversais
6.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(9): e00205917, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-952470

RESUMO

Este estudo investigou a relação entre problemas de comportamento externalizantes (PCE), internalizantes (PCI) e desses concomitantemente (PCEI) no início da adolescência (11 anos) e o consumo de substâncias (bebidas alcoólicas, tabaco e drogas ilícitas) aos 15 anos, utilizando dados da coorte de nascimentos de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, de 1993. Os problemas de comportamento foram avaliados pelo Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) aplicado às mães quando os filhos tinham 15 anos. O consumo de substâncias foi avaliado por meio de questionário sigiloso autoaplicado ao adolescente. A associação entre problemas de comportamento e uso de substâncias foi analisada por meio de regressão de Poisson com ajuste robusto da variância. Após ajuste para fatores de confusão, os adolescentes com PCE tiveram maior risco para consumo abusivo de álcool (RR = 1,74; IC95%: 1,21; 2,50) e para experimentação (RR = 1,78; IC95%: 1,42; 2,23) e uso de tabaco nos últimos 30 dias (RR = 2,38; IC95%: 1,64; 3,45). Os adolescentes com PCI tiveram maior risco de experimentar tabaco (RR = 1,54; IC95%: 1,22; 1,93) e de utilizá-lo nos últimos 30 dias (RR = 1,92; IC95%: 1,31; 2,83). Os adolescentes com PCEI apresentaram maior risco para experimentação (RR = 2,24; IC95%: 1,57; 3,21) e consumo de tabaco nos últimos 30 dias (RR = 3,01; IC95%: 1,63; 5,56), e menor risco de experimentação de álcool aos 15 anos (RR = 0,72; IC95%: 0,55; 0,94). Ações de saúde pública que atuem na redução dos problemas de comportamento no início da adolescência poderão diminuir o consumo de tabaco e de bebidas alcoólicas aos 15 anos.


This study investigated the relationship between externalizing behavior problems (EBP), internalizing behavior problems (IBP), and combined externalizing/internalizing behavior problems (EIBP) in early adolescence (11 years) and substance use (alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drugs) at 15 years, using data from the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort. Behavior problems were assessed with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), applied to mothers when their children were 15 years old. Substance use was assessed with a self-applied confidential questionnaire for the adolescent. The association between behavior problems and substance use was analyzed with Poisson regression with robust adjustment of variance. After adjusting for confounding, adolescents with EBP showed higher risk of alcohol abuse (RR = 1.74, 95%CI: 1.21; 2.50) and experimentation (RR = 1.78, 95%CI: 1.42; 2,23) and tobacco use in the previous 30 days (RR = 2.38, 95%CI: 1.64; 3.45). Adolescents with IBP showed greater risk of having tried tobacco (RR = 1.54, 95%CI: 1.22; 1.93) and of having used tobacco products in the previous 30 days (RR = 1.92, 95%CI: 1.31; 2.83). Adolescents with EIBP showed greater risk of trying (RR = 2.24, 95%CI: 1.57; 3.21) and consuming tobacco products in the previous days (RR = 3.01, 95%CI: 1.63; 5.56), and lower risk of having tried alcohol at 15 years of age (RR = 0.72, 95%CI: 0.55; 0.94). Public health measures aimed at reducing behavior problems in early adolescence can help reduce tobacco and alcohol consumption at 15 years.


Este estudio investigó la relación entre los problemas de comportamiento externalizantes (PCE), internalizantes (PCI), y los que se producían concomitantemente (PCEI), al comienzo de la adolescencia (11 años) y el consumo de sustancias como: bebidas alcohólicas, tabaco y drogas ilícitas a los 15 años, utilizando datos de la cohorte de nacimientos de Pelotas, Brasil, de 1993. Los problemas de comportamiento fueron evaluados por el Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), aplicado a las madres cuando los hijos tenían 15 años. El consumo de sustancias se evaluó mediante un cuestionario anónimo, realizado por el propio adolescente. La asociación entre problemas de comportamiento y el uso de sustancias se analizó mediante la regresión de Poisson, con un ajuste robusto de variancia. Tras el ajuste para los factores de confusión, los adolescentes con PCE tuvieron un riesgo mayor de consumo abusivo de alcohol (RR = 1,74; IC95%: 1,21; 2,50) y de probar estas sustancias (RR = 1,78; IC95%: 1,42; 2,23), además del consumo de tabaco en los últimos 30 días (RR = 2,38; IC95%: 1,64; 3,45). Los adolescentes con PCI tuvieron un mayor riesgo de probar el tabaco (RR = 1,54; IC95%: 1,22; 1,93) y de consumirlo durante los últimos 30 días (RR = 1,92; IC95%: 1,31; 2,83). Los adolescentes con PCEI presentaron un mayor riesgo de probar estas sustancias (RR = 2,24; IC95%: 1,57; 3,21) y consumir tabaco durante los últimos 30 días (RR = 3,01; IC95%: 1,63; 5,56), y menor riesgo de probar el alcohol a los 15 años (RR = 0,72; IC95%: 0,55; 0,94). Se requieren acciones de salud pública que actúen en la reducción de los problemas de comportamiento al principio de la adolescencia, puesto que podrían disminuir el consumo de tabaco y bebidas alcohólicas a los 15 años.

7.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 52: 9, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-903487

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE This systematic review study aimed to assess the evidence available for the association between breastfeeding and behavior disorders in childhood and adolescence. METHODS The search was carried out in the PubMed, Lilacs, and PsycINFO databases up to December 2016. Inclusion criteria were as follows: prospective, retrospective and cross-sectional studies assessing the association between breastfeeding and behavior disorders in childhood or adolescence, using psychometric tests, carried out in humans and published in Portuguese, English, or Spanish. The search was performed in several stages by two independent researchers using pre-established criteria. RESULTS Eighteen studies met the inclusion criteria. Breastfeeding for a period equal to or higher than three or four months seemed to be inversely associated with total behavior and conduct disorders in childhood; however, the association remains unclear for other behavior disorders. Only four studies assessed behavior disorders in adolescence, and when an association was found, it was likely to be positive. The duration of breastfeeding seemed to be more important than the exclusive or non-exclusive pattern of breastfeeding. CONCLUSIONS Breastfed children for at least three to four months had fewer total behavior and conduct disorders in childhood. Further studies are needed to better understand this association, particularly in adolescence and involving other behavioral profiles.

8.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 52: 9, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-903548

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE This systematic review study aimed to assess the evidence available for the association between breastfeeding and behavior disorders in childhood and adolescence. METHODS The search was carried out in the PubMed, Lilacs, and PsycINFO databases up to December 2016. Inclusion criteria were as follows: prospective, retrospective and cross-sectional studies assessing the association between breastfeeding and behavior disorders in childhood or adolescence, using psychometric tests, carried out in humans and published in Portuguese, English, or Spanish. The search was performed in several stages by two independent researchers using pre-established criteria. RESULTS Eighteen studies met the inclusion criteria. Breastfeeding for a period equal to or higher than three or four months seemed to be inversely associated with total behavior and conduct disorders in childhood; however, the association remains unclear for other behavior disorders. Only four studies assessed behavior disorders in adolescence, and when an association was found, it was likely to be positive. The duration of breastfeeding seemed to be more important than the exclusive or non-exclusive pattern of breastfeeding. CONCLUSIONS Breastfed children for at least three to four months had fewer total behavior and conduct disorders in childhood. Further studies are needed to better understand this association, particularly in adolescence and involving other behavioral profiles.

9.
Artigo em Português | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-34365

RESUMO

Objetivo. Avaliar a associação entre tempo de amamentação e comportamentos externalizantes na infância e na adolescência. Métodos. Foram utilizados dados da Coorte de Nascimentos de Pelotas de 1993. As informações sobre amamentação foram coletadas aos 12 meses. O comportamento foi avaliado aos 4 anos pelo instrumento Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) e aos 11 e 15 anos pelo Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), ambos aplicados às mães ou aos responsáveis pela criança. Dos 5 249 participantes da coorte, foram avaliados aqueles com informações completas para amamentação e comportamentos externalizantes: 630 crianças aos 4 anos, 1 227 adolescentes aos 11 anos e 1 199 aos 15 anos. A associação entre duração da amamentação e comportamentos externalizantes foi avaliada por meio de regressão de Poisson com ajuste robusto da variância. Resultados. Aos 11 anos, após ajuste para fatores de confusão, as crianças que foram amamentadas por pelo menos 6 meses tiveram menor risco de hiperatividade (RR = 0,54; IC95%: 0,32 a 0,91) em comparação às amamentadas por menos de 1 mês. No entanto, aos 4 e 15 anos, a duração da amamentação não esteve associada aos comportamentos externalizantes. Conclusões. Embora o aleitamento materno por pelo menos 6 meses tenha sido inversamente associado à hiperatividade aos 11 anos, nenhuma associação foi observada aos 4 e aos 15 anos. Novos estudos longitudinais devem considerar outros fatores que influenciam os comportamentos externalizantes, tais como presença do pai no ambiente familiar, violência doméstica e maus-tratos e qualidade da relação mãe-filho.


Objective. To assess the association between breastfeeding duration and externalizing behaviors in childhood and adolescence. Methods. Data from the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort was used. Information on breastfeeding was assessed at 12 months of age. Behavior was assessed at 4 years of age using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and at ages 11 and 15 years using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), both administered to the mother or caretaker. Of 5 249 cohort participants, those with complete data on breastfeeding and externalizing behaviors were included: 630 children at 4 years of age, 1 277 adolescents at 11 years, and 1 199 at 15 years. Poisson regression with robust variance was used to assess the association between breastfeeding duration and externalizing behaviors. Results. After adjustment for confounders, children who were breastfed for least 6 months had lower risk of hyperactivity (RR = 0.54; 95%CI: 0.32-0.91) at age 11 compared to those breastfed for less than 1 month. However, no association was observed between breastfeeding duration and externalizing behaviors at ages 4 and 15. Conclusions. Although breastfeeding for at least 6 months was inversely associated with hyperactivity at 11 years of age no association was observed at 4 and 15 years of age. Further longitudinal studies should focus on other aspects influencing externalizing behaviors, such as presence of the father in the family, domestic violence and abuse, and the quality of mother-child relationship.


Objetivo. Evaluar la relación existente entre la duración del amamantamiento y los patrones de comportamiento externalizante en la infancia y la adolescencia. Métodos. Se utilizaron datos de la cohorte de nacimientos de Pelotas de 1993. La información sobre el amamantamiento se recolectó a los 12 meses. El comportamiento se evaluó a los 4 años con la lista de comprobación del comportamiento del niño (Child Behavior Checklist, CBCL) y a los 11 y 15 años con el cuestionario de fortalezas y dificultades (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, SDQ), ambos aplicados a las madres o a los responsables del niño. De los 5 249 participantes de la cohorte, se evaluaron los grupos respecto de los cuales había información completa sobre el amamantamiento y los patrones de comportamiento externalizante: 630 niños a los 4 años, 1 227 adolescentes a los 11 años y 1 199 a los 15 años. La relación entre el período de amamantamiento y los patrones de comportamiento externalizante se evaluó por medio de la regresión de Poisson con un ajuste robusto de la varianza. Resultados. A los 11 años, tras el ajuste realizado para tener en cuenta los factores de confusión, los niños amamantadas por un mínimo de 6 meses tuvieron un menor riesgo de hiperactividad (RR = 0,54; IC 95%: de 0,32 a 0,91) en comparación con los amamantados por menos de un mes. Sin embargo, a los 4 y 15 años, la duración del amamantamiento no guardó relación alguna con los patrones de comportamiento externalizante. Conclusiones. Aunque la lactancia materna por un mínimo de 6 meses haya guardado una relación inversamente proporcional con la hiperactividad a los 11 años, no se observó ninguna relación a los 4 y a los 15 años. En nuevos estudios longitudinales es preciso considerar otros factores que influyen en los patrones de comportamiento externalizante, como la presencia del padre en el ámbito familiar, la violencia doméstica, el maltrato y la calidad de la relación entre la madre y el niño.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Comportamento , Criança , Adolescente , Aleitamento Materno , Comportamento , Saúde Mental , Criança , Adolescente , Saúde Mental
10.
Am J Epidemiol ; 185(10): 898-906, 2017 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28444145

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to explore the association between parental separation during childhood (up to 18 years of age) and cardiometabolic risk factors (body mass index, fat mass index, blood pressure, physical activity, smoking, and alcohol consumption) in late adolescence using a cross-cohort comparison and to explore whether associations differ according to the age at which the parental separation occurred and the presence or absence of parental conflict prior to separation. Data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC, United Kingdom) (1991-2011) and the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort (Brazil) (1993-2011) were used. The associations of parental separation with children's cardiometabolic risk factors were largely null. Higher odds of daily smoking were observed in both cohorts for those adolescents whose parents separated (for ALSPAC, odds ratio = 1.46; for Pelotas Birth Cohort, odds ratio = 1.98). Some additional associations were observed in the Pelotas Birth Cohort but were generally in the opposite direction to our a priori hypothesis: Parental separation was associated with lower blood pressure and fat mass index, and with more physical activity. No consistent differences were observed when analyses were stratified by child's age at parental separation or parental conflict.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Divórcio/estatística & dados numéricos , Pais , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Pressão Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Pesos e Medidas Corporais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
11.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 41: e142, 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-961670

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a associação entre tempo de amamentação e comportamentos externalizantes na infância e na adolescência. Métodos Foram utilizados dados da Coorte de Nascimentos de Pelotas de 1993. As informações sobre amamentação foram coletadas aos 12 meses. O comportamento foi avaliado aos 4 anos pelo instrumento Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) e aos 11 e 15 anos pelo Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), ambos aplicados às mães ou aos responsáveis pela criança. Dos 5 249 participantes da coorte, foram avaliados aqueles com informações completas para amamentação e comportamentos externalizantes: 630 crianças aos 4 anos, 1 227 adolescentes aos 11 anos e 1 199 aos 15 anos. A associação entre duração da amamentação e comportamentos externalizantes foi avaliada por meio de regressão de Poisson com ajuste robusto da variância. Resultados Aos 11 anos, após ajuste para fatores de confusão, as crianças que foram amamentadas por pelo menos 6 meses tiveram menor risco de hiperatividade (RR = 0,54; IC95%: 0,32 a 0,91) em comparação às amamentadas por menos de 1 mês. No entanto, aos 4 e 15 anos, a duração da amamentação não esteve associada aos comportamentos externalizantes. Conclusões Embora o aleitamento materno por pelo menos 6 meses tenha sido inversamente associado à hiperatividade aos 11 anos, nenhuma associação foi observada aos 4 e aos 15 anos. Novos estudos longitudinais devem considerar outros fatores que influenciam os comportamentos externalizantes, tais como presença do pai no ambiente familiar, violência doméstica e maus-tratos e qualidade da relação mãe-filho.


ABSTRACT Objective To assess the association between breastfeeding duration and externalizing behaviors in childhood and adolescence. Methods Data from the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort was used. Information on breastfeeding was assessed at 12 months of age. Behavior was assessed at 4 years of age using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and at ages 11 and 15 years using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), both administered to the mother or caretaker. Of 5 249 cohort participants, those with complete data on breastfeeding and externalizing behaviors were included: 630 children at 4 years of age, 1 277 adolescents at 11 years, and 1 199 at 15 years. Poisson regression with robust variance was used to assess the association between breastfeeding duration and externalizing behaviors. Results After adjustment for confounders, children who were breastfed for least 6 months had lower risk of hyperactivity (RR = 0.54; 95%CI: 0.32-0.91) at age 11 compared to those breastfed for less than 1 month. However, no association was observed between breastfeeding duration and externalizing behaviors at ages 4 and 15. Conclusions Although breastfeeding for at least 6 months was inversely associated with hyperactivity at 11 years of age no association was observed at 4 and 15 years of age. Further longitudinal studies should focus on other aspects influencing externalizing behaviors, such as presence of the father in the family, domestic violence and abuse, and the quality of mother-child relationship.


RESUMEN Objetivo Evaluar la relación existente entre la duración del amamantamiento y los patrones de comportamiento externalizante en la infancia y la adolescencia. Métodos Se utilizaron datos de la cohorte de nacimientos de Pelotas de 1993. La información sobre el amamantamiento se recolectó a los 12 meses. El comportamiento se evaluó a los 4 años con la lista de comprobación del comportamiento del niño (Child Behavior Checklist, CBCL) y a los 11 y 15 años con el cuestionario de fortalezas y dificultades (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, SDQ), ambos aplicados a las madres o a los responsables del niño. De los 5 249 participantes de la cohorte, se evaluaron los grupos respecto de los cuales había información completa sobre el amamantamiento y los patrones de comportamiento externalizante: 630 niños a los 4 años, 1 227 adolescentes a los 11 años y 1 199 a los 15 años. La relación entre el período de amamantamiento y los patrones de comportamiento externalizante se evaluó por medio de la regresión de Poisson con un ajuste robusto de la varianza. Resultados A los 11 años, tras el ajuste realizado para tener en cuenta los factores de confusión, los niños amamantadas por un mínimo de 6 meses tuvieron un menor riesgo de hiperactividad (RR = 0,54; IC 95%: de 0,32 a 0,91) en comparación con los amamantados por menos de un mes. Sin embargo, a los 4 y 15 años, la duración del amamantamiento no guardó relación alguna con los patrones de comportamiento externalizante. Conclusiones Aunque la lactancia materna por un mínimo de 6 meses haya guardado una relación inversamente proporcional con la hiperactividad a los 11 años, no se observó ninguna relación a los 4 y a los 15 años. En nuevos estudios longitudinales es preciso considerar otros factores que influyen en los patrones de comportamiento externalizante, como la presencia del padre en el ámbito familiar, la violencia doméstica, el maltrato y la calidad de la relación entre la madre y el niño.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Comportamento , Aleitamento Materno , Saúde Mental
12.
Cien Saude Colet ; 21(11): 3417-3428, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27828575

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with low diet quality in older adults from the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil. Information on food consumption was collected using a reduced food frequency questionnaire, and diet quality was assessed by the Elderly Diet Quality Index DQI-E ("Índice de Qualidade da Dieta de Idosos - IQD-I"), devised by the authors. Points were attributed to each food evaluated according to frequency of consumption. Higher consumption frequency of healthy foods received higher scores whilst unhealthy foods received lower scores. Scores were divided into tertiles classified as: low quality, intermediate quality, and good quality. Multinomial logistic regression was used to assess the association between diet quality and the independent variables. The factors associated with low diet quality were: male gender, age < 80 years, low education, problems affording food, underweight, mouth or teeth problems, and having less than four meals a day. Important barriers to the consumption of a good quality diet were observed, highlighting the importance of considering these aspects in the promotion of healthy eating among older adults.


Assuntos
/estatística & dados numéricos , Dieta/normas , Comportamento Alimentar , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Cad Saude Publica ; 32(10): e00085815, 2016 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27828612

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and the use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs among adolescents from a Brazilian cohort. The occurrence of five ACEs, the use of alcohol and tobacco and trying illicit drugs were investigated in the 1993 Pelotas birth cohort at the age of 15 (n = 4,230). A score was created for the ACEs and their association with the use of substances was evaluated. Around 25% of adolescents consumed alcohol, 6% smoked and 2.1% reported having used drugs at least once in their lives. The ACEs were associated with the use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs. A dose-response relation between the number of ACEs and the substance use was found, particularly with regard to illicit drugs. The occurrence of ACEs was positively associated with the use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs among adolescents and the risk may be different for men and women. These results point to the fact that strategies for preventing the use of substances should include interventions both among adolescents and within the family environment.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Fumar/psicologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Adolescente , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Maus-Tratos Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , População Urbana
14.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 21(11): 3417-3428, Nov. 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-828487

RESUMO

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar os fatores associados à baixa qualidade da dieta de idosos da cidade de Pelotas, RS. As informações de consumo alimentar foram coletadas através de um questionário de frequência alimentar resumido e a qualidade da dieta foi avaliada através do Índice de Qualidade da Dieta de Idosos (IQD-I), desenvolvido pelos autores. Foram atribuídos pontos a cada alimento avaliado, conforme sua frequência de consumo. As maiores frequências de consumo receberam maior pontuação quando alimentos saudáveis e menor quando não saudáveis. A pontuação total foi dividida em tercis, classificados em: baixa, intermediária e boa qualidade. A associação entre a qualidade da dieta e as variáveis independentes foi investigada através de regressão logística multinomial. Os fatores associados à dieta de baixa qualidade foram: sexo masculino, idade inferior a 80 anos, baixa escolaridade, dificuldade financeira para compra de alimentos, baixo peso, problemas na boca ou nos dentes e realizar menos de quatro refeições por dia. Importantes barreiras para o consumo de uma dieta de boa qualidade foram identificadas neste estudo, ficando evidente a importância de se considerar esses aspectos na promoção da alimentação saudável em idosos.


Abstract The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with low diet quality in older adults from the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil. Information on food consumption was collected using a reduced food frequency questionnaire, and diet quality was assessed by the Elderly Diet Quality Index DQI-E (“Índice de Qualidade da Dieta de Idosos - IQD-I”), devised by the authors. Points were attributed to each food evaluated according to frequency of consumption. Higher consumption frequency of healthy foods received higher scores whilst unhealthy foods received lower scores. Scores were divided into tertiles classified as: low quality, intermediate quality, and good quality. Multinomial logistic regression was used to assess the association between diet quality and the independent variables. The factors associated with low diet quality were: male gender, age < 80 years, low education, problems affording food, underweight, mouth or teeth problems, and having less than four meals a day. Important barriers to the consumption of a good quality diet were observed, highlighting the importance of considering these aspects in the promotion of healthy eating among older adults.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dieta/normas , Comportamento Alimentar , Dieta Saudável/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Modelos Logísticos , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 32(10): e00085815, out. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-952250

RESUMO

Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and the use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs among adolescents from a Brazilian cohort. The occurrence of five ACEs, the use of alcohol and tobacco and trying illicit drugs were investigated in the 1993 Pelotas birth cohort at the age of 15 (n = 4,230). A score was created for the ACEs and their association with the use of substances was evaluated. Around 25% of adolescents consumed alcohol, 6% smoked and 2.1% reported having used drugs at least once in their lives. The ACEs were associated with the use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs. A dose-response relation between the number of ACEs and the substance use was found, particularly with regard to illicit drugs. The occurrence of ACEs was positively associated with the use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs among adolescents and the risk may be different for men and women. These results point to the fact that strategies for preventing the use of substances should include interventions both among adolescents and within the family environment.


Resumo: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a associação entre experiências adversas na infância (ACEs) e uso de álcool, fumo e drogas ilícitas em adolescentes de uma coorte brasileira. A ocorrência de cinco ACEs, o uso de álcool e fumo e a experimentação de drogas ilícitas foram investigados na Coorte de Nascimentos de 1993 de Pelotas, aos 15 anos (n = 4.230). Um escore de ACEs foi criado e sua associação com o uso de substâncias foi avaliada. Cerca de 25% dos adolescentes consumiram álcool, 6% fumaram e 2,1% relataram ter usado drogas pelo menos uma vez na vida. Os ACEs estiveram associados com o uso de álcool, fumo e drogas ilícitas. Uma relação dose-resposta entre o número de ACEs e o consumo de substâncias foi evidenciada, especialmente para drogas ilícitas. A ocorrência de ACEs esteve positivamente associada com o uso de álcool, tabaco e drogas ilícitas em adolescentes, e o risco pode diferir conforme o sexo. Esses resultados salientam que as estratégias para a prevenção do uso de substâncias devem conter intervenções para adolescentes, bem como no ambiente familiar.


Resumen: El objetivo fue investigar la asociación entre experiencias adversas en la infancia (ACEs) y consumo de alcohol, tabaco y drogas ilícitas en adolescentes de una cohorte brasileña. La ocurrencia de cinco ACEs, el consumo de alcohol y tabaco y el primer consumo de drogas ilícitas se investigaron en la Cohorte de Nacimientos de 1993 de Pelotas, a los 15 años (n = 4.230). Se creó un marcador de ACEs y se evaluó su asociación con el uso de estas sustancias. Cerca de un 25% de los adolescentes consumieron alcohol, un 6% fumaron y un 2,1% informaron haber consumido drogas por lo menos una vez en la vida. Los ACEs estuvieron asociados con el consumo de alcohol, tabaco y drogas ilícitas. Se evidenció una relación dosis-respuesta entre el número de ACEs y el consumo de sustancias, especialmente, en el caso de drogas ilícitas. La ocurrencia de ACEs estuvo positivamente asociada con el uso de alcohol, tabaco y drogas ilícitas en adolescentes y el riesgo puede diferir según sexo. Esos resultados resaltan que las estrategias para la prevención del consumo de estas sustancias deben contar con intervenciones para adolescentes, así como en su ambiente familiar.

16.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 11(38): 1-10, jan./dez. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-877812

RESUMO

Objetivos: Descrever a cobertura da vacina meningocócica C em crianças menores de um ano de idade, em 2012, nos estados e regiões do Brasil, e correlacionar com variáveis socioeconômicas e cobertura da Estratégia de Saúde da Família. Métodos: Estudo ecológico. A cobertura vacinal foi calculada utilizando o número de doses da vacina em 2012, disponível no Sistema de Informação do Programa Nacional de Imunizações, como numerador, e população residente menor de um ano, também em 2012, como denominador. Ainda, foi realizada uma correlação de Pearson (r) entre a cobertura vacinal e as variáveis socioeconômicas. Resultados: As regiões Norte e Nordeste não atingiram a recomendação de 95% para cobertura. A cobertura vacinal apresentou correlação positiva moderada com renda média per capita (r=0,6) e negativa e moderada com o coeficiente de Gini (r=-0,5). Conclusão: São necessárias ações educativas e políticas para aumentar a cobertura vacinal com objetivo de reduzir a incidência da doença meningocócica, além de estudos com delineamentos mais robustos.


Objectives: To determine the coverage of the meningococcal C vaccine in children younger than one year of age in the states and regions of Brazil in 2012, and to correlate these findings with socioeconomic variables and the coverage of the Family Health Strategy. Methods: This was an ecological study. The vaccination coverage was calculated by dividing the number of vaccine doses administered in 2012 (numerator), which was determined from the data available in the Information System of the National Immunization Program, by the resident population less than one year also in 2012 (denominator). The Pearson correlation coefficient (r) was calculated for the vaccination coverage and socioeconomic variables. Results: The North and Northeast regions did not reach the recommended vaccination coverage (95%). The vaccination coverage showed a positive and moderate correlation with family income (r=0.6) and a negative and moderate correlation with the Gini coefficient (r=-0.5). Conclusion: Educational programs and policies are required to increase vaccination coverage and reduce the incidence of meningococcal disease. In addition, studies with more robust designs are necessary


Objetivos: Describir la cobertura de la vacuna contra el meningococo C en niños menores de un año de edad, en 2012, en los estados y regiones de Brasil, y correlacionar con variables socioeconómicas y cobertura de la Estrategia Salud de la Familia. Métodos: Estudio Ecológico. La cobertura de vacunación se calculó utilizando el número de dosis de la vacuna en 2012, disponible en el Sistema de Información del Programa Nacional de Inmunización, como numerador, y la población residente menor a un año, también en 2012, como denominador. Se realizó la correlación de Pearson (r) entre cobertura de la vacuna y las variables socioeconómicas. Resultados: En las regiones Norte y Noreste no alcanzaron la cobertura recomendada del 95%. La cobertura de vacunación mostró correlación positiva moderada con el ingreso promedio per cápita (r=0,6), y negativa moderada con el coeficiente de Gini (r=-0,5). Conclusión: Son necesarias acciones educativas e políticas para aumentar la cobertura de vacunación, con el fin de reducir la incidencia de la enfermedad meningocócica, así como los estudios con diseños más robustos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Criança , Estudos Ecológicos , Programas de Imunização , Meningite Meningocócica , Cobertura Vacinal
17.
Child Abuse Negl ; 51: 21-30, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26707919

RESUMO

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can affect people's health and wellbeing not only at the time the ACE is experienced, but also later in life. The majority of studies on ACEs are carried out in high-income countries and little is known about its prevalence in low and middle-income countries. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of ACEs, associations between ACEs and sociodemographic factors, and the interrelationship between types of ACEs in adolescents of a Brazilian birth cohort. Data from 3,951 adolescents (78.4% of the original cohort) from the 1993 Pelotas Cohort were analyzed. Seven types of ACEs were assessed in those up to 18 years old: physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional neglect, domestic violence, parental separation and parental death. The most common ACE was parental separation (42%), followed by emotional neglect (19.7%) and domestic violence (10.3%). Approximately 85% of the adolescents experienced at least one ACE, and females reported a higher number of adversities. Several socioeconomic, demographic and family-related characteristics were associated with the occurrence of ACEs, e.g. non-white skin color, low family income, low maternal schooling, absence of mother's partner, maternal smoking, and poor maternal mental health. A strong interrelationship was observed among the ACEs, indicating clustering of risk. These aspects should be considered by health and social care professionals in the prevention and identification of childhood adversities.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Brasil , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação Pessoal , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 18(1): 25-41, Jan-Mar/2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-736430

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de início da vida sexual até os 14 anos de idade e fatores sociodemográficos e comportamentais relacionados à sua ocorrência. MÉTODOS: Em 2008, 4.325 adolescentes dos 5.249 pertencentes ao estudo de coorte de nascimentos de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul (1993) foram entrevistados. O início da vida sexual foi definido como primeira relação sexual ocorrida até os 14 anos. As informações foram obtidas através de questionários durante o acompanhamento de 2008, com entrevistas realizadas nos domicílios. As varáveis analisadas foram: cor da pele, índice de bens, escolaridade materna e do adolescente, uso experimental de cigarro e de álcool, episódio de embriaguez, uso de alguma droga ilícita pelo adolescente ou pelos amigos e envolvimento em brigas no último ano. Além dessas, foram analisados o uso de preservativos e contraceptivos, número de parceiros(as) e idade de iniciação sexual. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de iniciação sexual foi de 18,6%, sendo maior no sexo masculino, nos adolescentes com menor escolaridade, de baixo nível econômico e naqueles cujas mães tinham baixa escolaridade e tiveram filhos na adolescência. A prática sexual esteve relacionada às variáveis comportamentais analisadas. Na última relação sexual, 30% das entrevistadas não haviam usado métodos contraceptivos e 18% não usaram preservativos. Meninos referiram maior número de parceiros(as) sexuais do que meninas. CONCLUSÃO: Resultados apontam uma relação entre iniciação sexual (≤ 14 anos) e comportamentos vulneráveis à saúde. O não uso de preservativos e contraceptivos pode torná-los vulneráveis a experimentarem situações não desejadas. Estratégias educativas e socioculturais em saúde devem ser praticadas desde o início da adolescência. .


OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of sexual initiation until the age of 14 years old, as well as sociodemographic and behavioral factors. METHODS: In 2008, 4,325 from the 5,249 adolescents of the 1993 birth cohort in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, were interviewed. Sexual initiation was defined as the first intercourse up to the age of 14 years old. The information was obtained by interviewing adolescents in their houses, during the 2008 follow-up. The analyzed variables were: skin color, asset index, maternal and adolescents' schooling, experimental use of tobacco and alcohol, drunkenness episode, use of any illicit drug, illegal drug use by friends and involvement in fights during the past year. Use of condoms and contraceptive methods, number of partners and the age of sexual initiation were also analyzed. RESULTS: The prevalence of sexual initiation by the age of 14 was of 18.6%. Lower schooling, asset index and maternal education were related to higher prevalence of sexual initiation until the age of 14, as well as being male or being born to adolescent mothers. Sexual intercourse was also related to the behavioral variables analyzed. Among adolescent girls who had intercourse up to the age of 14, 30% did not use contraception and 18% did not use condoms in the last sexual intercourse. Boys reported a higher number of sexual partners than girls. CONCLUSION: The results suggest a relationship between sexual intercourse (≤ 14 years) and some health-risk behaviors. The non-use of condoms and contraceptives may make them vulnerable to experiencing unwanted situations. Education and sociocultural strategies for health should be implemented from the beginning of adolescence. .


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Comportamento Sexual , Seguimentos , Nascimento Vivo , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
19.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 18(1): 25-41, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25651009

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of sexual initiation until the age of 14 years old, as well as sociodemographic and behavioral factors. METHODS: In 2008, 4,325 from the 5,249 adolescents of the 1993 birth cohort in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, were interviewed. Sexual initiation was defined as the first intercourse up to the age of 14 years old. The information was obtained by interviewing adolescents in their houses, during the 2008 follow-up. The analyzed variables were: skin color, asset index, maternal and adolescents' schooling, experimental use of tobacco and alcohol, drunkenness episode, use of any illicit drug, illegal drug use by friends and involvement in fights during the past year. Use of condoms and contraceptive methods, number of partners and the age of sexual initiation were also analyzed. RESULTS: The prevalence of sexual initiation by the age of 14 was of 18.6%. Lower schooling, asset index and maternal education were related to higher prevalence of sexual initiation until the age of 14, as well as being male or being born to adolescent mothers. Sexual intercourse was also related to the behavioral variables analyzed. Among adolescent girls who had intercourse up to the age of 14, 30% did not use contraception and 18% did not use condoms in the last sexual intercourse. Boys reported a higher number of sexual partners than girls. CONCLUSION: The results suggest a relationship between sexual intercourse (≤ 14 years) and some health-risk behaviors. The non-use of condoms and contraceptives may make them vulnerable to experiencing unwanted situations. Education and sociocultural strategies for health should be implemented from the beginning of adolescence.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Comportamento Sexual , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Nascimento Vivo , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
20.
Rev. nutr ; 27(2): 193-203, Mar-Apr/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-712796

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify household food availability according to socioeconomic and demographic factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study was carried out in the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil to determine household food availability in the 30 days that preceded the interview. Availability was considered high when food was "always" or "usually" available at home. The independent variables were: age and education level of the household head, number of household members, presence of children or adolescents, National Wealth Score, and family income. RESULTS: Data were collected from 1,555 households. A high availability of fruits and vegetables (80%) was more prevalent than that of soft drinks, processed meats, and sweets (40%). Whole grains and frozen foods were never available in half of the households. High-sugar and high-fat foods were positively related and fruits and whole grains were negatively related to the presence of children or adolescents in the household. National Wealth Score, family income, and age and education level of the household head were associated with household food availability. CONCLUSION: Socioeconomic factors and demographic characteristics were associated with household food availability. High household availability of fruits and vegetables, together with sweets, processed meats, and soft drinks suggests the complex eating practices of a household, impairing classifying the environment as obesogenic. .

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