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1.
J Dent ; : 103609, 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610589

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to present the results of a consensus meeting on the threshold property requirements for the clinical use of conventional glass-ionomer cements (GICs) for restorative indications. METHODS: Twenty-one experts on GICs evaluated the results of tests on mechanical and optical properties of 18 different brands of restorative GICs: Bioglass R [B], Chemfil Rock [CR], Equia Forte [EF], Gold Label 2 [GL2], Gold Label 9 [GL9], Glass Ionomer Cement II [GI], Ionglass [IG], Ion Z [IZ], Ionomaster [IM], Ionofil Plus [IP], Ionostar Plus [IS], Ketac Molar Easymix [KM], Magic Glass [MG], Maxxion R [MA], Riva Self Cure [R], Vidrion R [V], Vitro Fil [VF] and Vitro Molar [VM]. All experiments were carried out by a team of researchers from Brazil and England following strict protocols, under the same laboratory conditions throughout, and maintaining data integrity. RESULTS: There was consensus on: determining as primary properties of the material: compressive strength, microhardness, acid erosion and fluoride release, and as secondary properties: contrast ratio and translucency parameter, in order to rank the materials. Seven brands were below the thresholds for restorative indications: IZ, IM, IG, MA, VF, B and MG. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the primary properties adopted as being essential for restorative indications, the conventional restorative GICs that met the thresholds and could be considered suitable as long-term restorative materials were: EF, GI, GL9, KM, IP, GL2, IS, CR, V, VM and R. A decision-making process to select the best GIC must also include results from clinical trials. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This study provides a ranking of GICs that could be considered suitable as long-term restorative materials based on their main properties.

2.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e001, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132750

RESUMO

Abstract: Three-point bending test is the most common mechanical test used for quantifying the biomechanical quality of bone tissue and bone healing in small animals. However, there is a lack of standardization for evaluation of bone repair by cortical perforation. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of bone defect position in the proximal metaphysis of rat tibias during load application and different span configuration on the three-point bending test outcomes. Cortical defects with 1.6 mm diameter were created at a standardized location on the medial surface of 60 tibias of male Wistar rats. The animals were euthanized 7 days after surgery. Five specimens were used to create 3D models for finite element analysis using high-resolution micro-CT images. Two spans (6 and 10mm) and three positions of the bone defect in relation to the load application (upward, frontal and downward) were evaluated experimentally (n = 10) and in finite element analysis (n = 5). Maximum load (N) and stiffness (N/mm) were statistically analyzed with 2-way ANOVA and Tukey test (α = 0.05). The results demonstrated that span and orientation of the bone defect significantly influenced the fracture pattern, stress distribution and force versus displacement relation. Therefore, reliable outcome can be achieved creating the bone defect at 8 mm from the extremity of the proximal epiphysis; placing a 10 mm distance span and downward facing defect position to allow a better distribution of stress and more fracture patterns that reached the bone defect target area with less intra-group variability.

3.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243288, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351807

RESUMO

The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the survival and associated factors for the longevity of direct posterior restorations and to verify whether the geographic location of public health units could influence the long-term survival of such restorations. Data were extracted from electronic patient files of the Brazilian public oral health services. The sample comprised 2,405 class I and II restorations performed 4 to 24 years ago (mean, 8.9 years) in 351 patients (6.8 teeth/patient) across 12 public health units located in different city regions (42 professionals-55 restorations). The restoration was considered successful if it had not been repaired or replaced at the time of evaluation; failure was defined as replacement of the restoration, the need for endodontic treatment, tooth/restoration fracture or tooth extraction. Data were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier test for restoration survival and Cox regression to evaluate the factors associated with failure. The majority of the restorations involved the use of amalgam (85%), involved a single face (70%), and were without pulp/dentin capping (85%). The overall survival rate was 95%, and the mean observation time was 8.9 years. The restoration survival was 79% (95% CI: 60.6-89.5) over 24 years, and the mean survival time was 22.2 years (95% CI: 21.9-22.6 years). The annual failure rate up to 24 years was 0.9%. After the adjustment, only the number of restored faces and the geographic location where the restoration was performed remained associated with failure of the restoration. The direct posterior restorations performed at the evaluated public health service units presented high survival rates. The restorations of people with lower access to POHS had lower survival rates. Class I restorations presented higher survival rates than class II restorations with two or more faces, regardless of the restorative material used.


Assuntos
Falha de Restauração Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Dent Traumatol ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185332

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Traumatic dental injuries with bone fractures require rigid splinting. The degree of rigidity of the wire-composite splints can be challenging. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the rigidity of different wire-composite splints on alveolar process displacement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A model was created using polystyrene resin to simulate the anterior maxilla, bovine incisors to simulate maxillary incisors, and polyether impression material to simulate the periodontal ligament. An alveolar process fracture was created, while maintaining the labial bone connection with the PDL. Four wire-composite splints (0.3, 0.6, 0.9, and 1.2 mm in diameter) were compared with models without splints and with no fracture (n = 5). The alveolar process displacement was measured (3 times per model/per splint type) at the fractured and adjacent central incisor regions using a deflectometer (Instron) under functional cycling and static loading (100 N). Data (µm) were analyzed using RM ANOVA, followed by Tukey's HSD test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The displacement at the region of the adjacent incisor was not influenced by the splint during static and cycling load (P > .05). The Tukey test demonstrated that the model without splints had significantly higher alveolar process displacement at the traumatized teeth than that of all other splint models (P < .001). Increasing the wire diameter from 0.3 mm to 0.9 mm significantly reduced the alveolar process displacement (P < .001). No difference was observed between the 0.9 mm (P = .123) and 1.2 mm (P = .219) wire-composite splints irrespective of the measured tooth regions. CONCLUSIONS: The rigidity of the wire-composite splint significantly influenced the mobility of the fractured alveolar process. The use of at least 0.9 mm wire was effective in reducing the fractured alveolar process displacement to a level that was similar to the adjacent teeth.

5.
Arch Oral Biol ; 121: 104959, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171393

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the chemical and mechanical properties of enamel submitted to different in vitro radiation protocols. DESIGN: Third molars were divided into seven groups (n = 8): non-irradiated (NI); a single dose of 30 Gy (SD30), 50 Gy (SD50), or 70 Gy (SD70) of radiation; or fractional radiation doses of up to 30 Gy (FD30), 50 Gy (FD50), or 70 Gy (FD70). Hemisections were analysed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and Knoop microhardness (KHN) test. One-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni's post-hoc test compared the test groups with the NI. Two-way ANOVA was performed for the fractionation and radiation dose, followed by Bonferroni's test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: FTIR revealed differences for the amide I band between the NI and FD50 and NI and FD70 groups (p < 0.001). For the organic matrix/mineral ratio, the FD70 group presented a lower ratio compared to NI (p = 0.009). Excluding the NI group, there were differences between the FD30 and FD50 (p = 0.045) and the FD30 and FD70 groups (p < 0.001). For EDS, there were differences for Ca (p = 0.011) and Ca/P (p < 0.001), with the FD70 group presenting lower values compared to NI (p = 0.015; p < 0.001). For KHN, the FD70 group presented lower values than the NI (p = 0.002). Two-way ANOVA showed difference for the dose (p < 0.001), with the 70 Gy group presenting a lower KHN value within the fractionated groups. CONCLUSION: Fractional doses 70 Gy irradiation caused chemical and mechanical changes to enamel. Radiation applied in single or fractional doses produced different effects to enamel.

6.
Dent Traumatol ; 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Little is known about the effect of dental trauma and mouthguards (MG) on teeth with ceramic laminate veneers (CLV). The aim was to evaluate the influence of CLV thickness and the presence of a MG with and without antagonist tooth contact on impact stresses during dental trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve 2D-finite element models of a head with maxillary structures and upper incisors, six with and six without antagonist tooth, were created in three CLV conditions: sound incisor (no CLV), 0.3 mm CLV, and 1.0 mm CLV. These were evaluated with and without a 4.0-mm ethylene-vinyl acetate MG, with and without an antagonist tooth. An impact analysis was performed in which the head frontally hits a rigid surface at a speed of 1 m/s (3.6 km/h). The results were analyzed using Critical modified von Mises (MPa). The mean of the 10% highest modified von Mises stresses in each structure was collected. RESULTS: MG presence substantially reduced impact stresses in the CLV and tooth structures. The contact of the antagonist tooth promoted better stress distribution and reduced the stress levels in the traumatized tooth. Critical stress areas were found in the palatal enamel, incisal enamel, labial cervical area, and enamel under the CLV for all models without MG. In the models with MG, the stresses reduced significantly. Critical modified von Mises stress showed that sound or prepared enamel experienced more critical impact stresses than 0.3 or 1.0-mm thick CLV. CONCLUSIONS: The use of 4.0 mm EVA mouthguard reduced the impact stress levels in models with 0.3-mm CLV and 1.0-mm CLV, similar to a sound tooth. The contact of an antagonist tooth and the MG better distributed the stresses and reduced the impact stress in the traumatized tooth.

7.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e001, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206774

RESUMO

Three-point bending test is the most common mechanical test used for quantifying the biomechanical quality of bone tissue and bone healing in small animals. However, there is a lack of standardization for evaluation of bone repair by cortical perforation. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of bone defect position in the proximal metaphysis of rat tibias during load application and different span configuration on the three-point bending test outcomes. Cortical defects with 1.6 mm diameter were created at a standardized location on the medial surface of 60 tibias of male Wistar rats. The animals were euthanized 7 days after surgery. Five specimens were used to create 3D models for finite element analysis using high-resolution micro-CT images. Two spans (6 and 10mm) and three positions of the bone defect in relation to the load application (upward, frontal and downward) were evaluated experimentally (n = 10) and in finite element analysis (n = 5). Maximum load (N) and stiffness (N/mm) were statistically analyzed with 2-way ANOVA and Tukey test (α = 0.05). The results demonstrated that span and orientation of the bone defect significantly influenced the fracture pattern, stress distribution and force versus displacement relation. Therefore, reliable outcome can be achieved creating the bone defect at 8 mm from the extremity of the proximal epiphysis; placing a 10 mm distance span and downward facing defect position to allow a better distribution of stress and more fracture patterns that reached the bone defect target area with less intra-group variability.

8.
Braz Dent J ; 31(5): 540-547, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146339

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of orthodontic bracket type (metallic or ceramic) and mouthguard on biomechanical response during impact. Two-dimensional plane-strain models of a patient with increased positive overjet of the maxillary central incisor was created based on a CT scan, simulating the periodontal ligament, bone support, gingival tissue, orthodontic brackets (metallic or ceramic) and mouthguard. A nonlinear dynamic impact finite element analysis was performed in which a steel object hit the model at 1 m/s. Stress distributions (Von Mises and Modified Von Mises) and strain were evaluated. Stress distributions were affected by the bracket presence and type. Models with metallic and ceramic bracket had higher stresses over a larger buccal enamel impact area. Models with ceramic brackets generated higher stresses than the metallic brackets. Mouthguards reduced the stress and strain values regardless of bracket type. Mouthguard shock absorption were 88.37% and 89.27% for the metallic and ceramic bracket, respectively. Orthodontic bracket presence and type influenced the stress and strain generated during an impact. Ceramic brackets generated higher stresses than metallic brackets. Mouthguards substantially reduced impact stress and strain peaks, regardless of bracket type.


Assuntos
Protetores Bucais , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Cerâmica , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Incisivo , Teste de Materiais , Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Estresse Mecânico
9.
Braz Dent J ; 31(6): 589-597, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33237229

RESUMO

The progression of caries in permanent molar teeth of young patients, frequently result in endodontic treatment. This randomized blinded clinical trial assessed the effect of two endodontic sealers (Sealer 26 and AH Plus) on the incidence of pain and apical repair after endodontic treatment of young molar teeth, and secondly identify factors associated with the outcomes. Endodontic treatment was performed by undergraduate students in molar teeth (n=69) of young patients (n=54) at the Endodontic and Restorative Public Extension Clinic Service. Protaper Next was used and the endodontic sealers were allocated which were restored with direct composite resin. Two primary clinical outcomes - apical repair and postoperative pain, were assessed after 12 and 24 months for blinded operators. Description of incidence rates and mixed-model regression using Generalized Estimation Equations (GEE). After 2 years 69 molar teeth of 54 patients were evaluated. No effect of the endodontic sealer was observed irrespective of period of evaluation. Apical repair incidences and asymptomatic teeth were, respectively, 90.5 and 89.3, 96.8 and 90.0% during 1 and 2 years of follow-up. Failed apical repair was associated with unsatisfactory pulpectomy (p=0.003) and periapical conditions (p=0.007) as well as their interaction (p=0.016). None of these independent variables was able to predict the occurrence of pain in both periods. Prognosis of apical repair is dependent on the initial conditions. Endodontic treatment of young molars associated with composite resin restorations performed by undergraduate students have satisfactory results after 2 years and was effective to prevent the risk of permanent teeth loss.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Dente Molar , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras , Resinas Compostas , Humanos , Estudantes
10.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(6): 589-597, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132356

RESUMO

Abstract The progression of caries in permanent molar teeth of young patients, frequently result in endodontic treatment. This randomized blinded clinical trial assessed the effect of two endodontic sealers (Sealer 26 and AH Plus) on the incidence of pain and apical repair after endodontic treatment of young molar teeth, and secondly identify factors associated with the outcomes. Endodontic treatment was performed by undergraduate students in molar teeth (n=69) of young patients (n=54) at the Endodontic and Restorative Public Extension Clinic Service. Protaper Next was used and the endodontic sealers were allocated which were restored with direct composite resin. Two primary clinical outcomes - apical repair and postoperative pain, were assessed after 12 and 24 months for blinded operators. Description of incidence rates and mixed-model regression using Generalized Estimation Equations (GEE). After 2 years 69 molar teeth of 54 patients were evaluated. No effect of the endodontic sealer was observed irrespective of period of evaluation. Apical repair incidences and asymptomatic teeth were, respectively, 90.5 and 89.3, 96.8 and 90.0% during 1 and 2 years of follow-up. Failed apical repair was associated with unsatisfactory pulpectomy (p=0.003) and periapical conditions (p=0.007) as well as their interaction (p=0.016). None of these independent variables was able to predict the occurrence of pain in both periods. Prognosis of apical repair is dependent on the initial conditions. Endodontic treatment of young molars associated with composite resin restorations performed by undergraduate students have satisfactory results after 2 years and was effective to prevent the risk of permanent teeth loss.


Resumo A rápida progressão das lesões de cárie nos dentes molares permanentes de pacientes jovens, frequentemente resulta no tratamento endodôntico. Este ensaio clinico randomizado cego avaliou o efeito de dois cimentos endodônticos (Sealer 26 e AH Plus) na incidência de dor e reparo apical após tratamento endodôntico de dentes molares jovens e identificar fatores associados aos desfechos do tratamento. O tratamento endodôntico foi realizado por estudantes de graduação em dentes molares permanentes (n=69) de pacientes jovens (n=54) na Clínica de Extensão Endodôntica e Restauradora da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Brasil. Protaper Next foi usado e os dois cimentos foram distribuídos aleatoriamente nas amostras, as quais foram restauradas com resina composta direta. Dois desfechos clínicos primários - reparo apical e dor pós-operatória foram avaliados após 12 e 24 meses por operadores de forma cega. Análise longitudinal dos dados incluiu a descrição das taxas de incidência e modelo de regressão misto usando Equações de Estimativa Generalizadas (GEE). As incidências (%) do reparo apical e dos dentes assintomáticos foram respectivamente 90,5/89,3 e 96,8/90,0 nos períodos de 1 e 2 anos de acompanhamento. Ausência de reparo apical foi associada com pulpectomia insatisfatória (p=0,003) e condições periapicais (p=0,007), bem como sua interação (p=0,016). Nenhuma dessas variáveis independentes foi capaz de prever a ocorrência de dor nos períodos de acompanhamento. O tratamento endodôntico mostrou resultados satisfatórios após 2 anos. O prognóstico do reparo apical depende das condições iniciais. Nenhum efeito do cimento endodôntico foi observado. O tratamento endodôntico de molares jovens associado com restaurações em resina composta realizado por estudantes de graduação tem um papel relevante na redução do risco de perda do dente permanente.

11.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(5): 503-514, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073781

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare shrinkage stress, cuspal strain and fracture load of weakened premolars restored with different conventional and bulk-fill composite resins and restorative techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty premolars received a 4.0 x 3.5mm mesio-occlusal-distal (MOD) class II preparation. The lingual and buccal cups were internally weakened. Specimens were restored according to the following 5 groups: Filtek Z350 XT/10 increments; Filtek Z350 XT/8 increments (both 3M Oral Care); Filtek Bulk Fill Flowable Restorative + Filtek Z350 XT (both 3M Oral Care); SDR + Spectra Basic (Dentsply Sirona); and Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill (Ivoclar Vivadent). Cuspal strains were measured using strain gauges (n = 10). After restoration, specimens were submitted to thermal/mechanical cycles and fractured. Post-gel shrinkage of the composites was determined. Additionally, residual shrinkage strains and stresses were analyzed using three-dimensional finite element analysis (3D-FEA). The data were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD (α = 0.05). RESULTS: One-way ANOVA revealed statistically significant differences among composite resins (p < 0.001) for the post-gel shrinkage. Filtek Z350 XT had the highest post-gel shrinkage and no difference was found between Spectra Basic and Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill (p = 0.110). The Filtek Z350 XT/10 increments, Filtek Z350 XT/8 increments and Filtek Bulk Fill Flowable Restorative/Filtek Z350 XT had statistically significantly higher cuspal deformation values when compared to the SDR/Spectra Basic and Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill techniques. 3D-FEA confirmed higher stress levels in the incrementally filled conventional restorations. Fracture loads were not statistically significantly different. CONCLUSION: The bulk-fill restoration techniques resulted in less cuspal strain and stress than the incremental technique with conventional composite resin. Fracture resistance was not affected by the restorative techniques.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dente Pré-Molar , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Polimerização
12.
J Dent ; 103: 103503, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091553

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Curing lights cannot be sterilized and should be covered with an infection control barrier. This study evaluated the effect of barriers when applied correctly and incorrectly on the radiant power (mW), irradiance (mW/cm2), emission spectrum (mW/nm), and beam profile from a multi-peak light-curing unit (LCU). METHODS: Five plastic barriers (VALO Grand, Ultradent; TIDIShield, TIDI Products; Disposa-Shield, Dentsply Sirona; Cure Sleeve, Kerr; Stretch and Seal, Betty Crocker) and one latex-based barrier (Curelastic, Steri-Shield) were tested. The radiant power (mW) and emission spectrum (mW/nm) from one multi-peak LCU (VALO Grand, Ultradent) was measured using an integrating sphere. LCU tip internal diameter (mm) was measured, then the tip area and irradiance (mW/cm2) were calculated. The beam profiles were measured using a laser beam profiler. RESULTS: When applied correctly, the plastic barriers reduced the radiant power output by 5-8%, and the latex-based barrier by 16%. When the plastic seam or barrier opaque face was positioned over the LCU tip, the power output was reduced by 8-11%. When the plastic barriers were wrinkled, the power output was significantly reduced by 14-26%. The wrinkled latex-based barrier reduced by 28%, and further reduced the violet light. The beam profiles illustrated the importance of correctly barrier use without wrinkles over the tip. CONCLUSIONS: Plastic barriers applied correctly reduced the light output (mW) by 5-8%. The barriers applied incorrectly significantly reduced the light output by 14-26%. The latex-based barrier wrinkled also reduced the amount of violet light. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Infection control curing light barriers should be used to prevent cross-infection between patients. However, they must be applied correctly to reduce their negative effects on the light output.

13.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20200191, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997090

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed the effect of ionizing radiation on bone microarchitecture and biomechanical properties in the bone tissue surrounding a dental implant. METHODOLOGY: Twenty rabbits received three dental morse taper junction implants: one in the left tibia and two in the right tibia. The animals were randomized into two groups: the nonirradiated group (control group) and the irradiated group, which received 30 Gy in a single dose 2 weeks after the implant procedure. Four weeks after the implant procedure, the animals were sacrificed, and the implant/bone specimens were used for each experiment. The specimens (n=10) of the right tibia were examined by microcomputed tomography to measure the cortical volume (CtV, mm3), cortical thickness (CtTh, mm) and porosity (CtPo, %). The other specimens (n=10) were examined by dynamic indentation to measure the elastic modulus (E, GPa) and Vickers hardness (VHN, N/mm2) in the bone. The specimens of the left tibia (n=10) were subjected to pull-out tests to calculate the failure load (N), displacement (mm) up to the failure point and interface stiffness (N/mm). In the irradiated group, two measurements were performed: close, at 1 mm surrounding the implant surface, and distant, at 2.5 mm from the external limit of the first measurement. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA, Tukey's test and Student's t-test (α=0.05). RESULTS: The irradiated bone closer to the implant surface had lower elastic modulus (E), Vickers hardness (VHN), Ct.Th, and Ct.V values and a higher Ct.Po value than the bone distant to the implant (P<0.04). The irradiated bone that was distant from the implant surface had lower E, VHN, and Ct.Th values and a higher Ct.Po value than the nonirradiated bone (P<0.04). The nonirradiated bone had higher failure loads, displacements and stiffness values than the irradiated bone (P<0.02). CONCLUSION: Ionizing radiation in dental implants resulted in negative effects on the microarchitecture and biomechanical properties of bone tissue, mainly near the surface of the implant.

14.
Dent Mater ; 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950244

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of exposure time and moving the light-curing unit (LCU) on the degree of conversion (DC) and Knoop microhardness (KH) of two resin cements that were light-cured through ceramic. METHODS: Two resin cements: AllCem Veneer APS (FGM) and Variolink Esthetic LC (Ivoclar Vivadent) were placed into a 0.3 mm thick matrix in 6 locations representing the canine to canine. The resins were covered with 0.5 mm thick lithium disilicate glass-ceramic (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent). A motorized device moved the LCUs over the ceramic when the LCU was on. Two single-peak LCUs: Elipar DeepCure-L (3M Oral Care) and Emitter C (Schuster), and one multi-peak: Bluephase G2 (Ivoclar Vivadent) were used with 3 different exposure protocols: a localized exposure centered over each tooth for 10 or 40 s; moving the tip across the 6 teeth for a total exposure time of 10 or 40 s; and moving the tip across the 6 teeth resins for a total exposure time of 60 or 240 s. After 24 h, the DC and KH were measured on the top surfaces and the data was analyzed using three-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Interposition of 0.5 mm of ceramic reduced the irradiance received by the resin by approximately 50%. The 40 s localized exposure over each tooth always produced significantly higher DC and KH values. Moving the LCUs with a total exposure time of 10 s resulted in the lowest DC and KH. There was no beneficial effect on the DC or KH when the multi-peak (violet-blue) LCU (Elipar DeepCure-L or Bluephase G2), but the lower light output from a small tip LCU reduced the DC and KH values (Emitter C). SIGNIFICANCE: Moving the LCUs when photo-curing light-cured resin cements is not recommended. This study showed that a single-peak LCU could activate a resin cement that uses Ivocerin™ as well as the multi-peak LCU.

15.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 540-547, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132326

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of orthodontic bracket type (metallic or ceramic) and mouthguard on biomechanical response during impact. Two-dimensional plane-strain models of a patient with increased positive overjet of the maxillary central incisor was created based on a CT scan, simulating the periodontal ligament, bone support, gingival tissue, orthodontic brackets (metallic or ceramic) and mouthguard. A nonlinear dynamic impact finite element analysis was performed in which a steel object hit the model at 1 m/s. Stress distributions (Von Mises and Modified Von Mises) and strain were evaluated. Stress distributions were affected by the bracket presence and type. Models with metallic and ceramic bracket had higher stresses over a larger buccal enamel impact area. Models with ceramic brackets generated higher stresses than the metallic brackets. Mouthguards reduced the stress and strain values regardless of bracket type. Mouthguard shock absorption were 88.37% and 89.27% for the metallic and ceramic bracket, respectively. Orthodontic bracket presence and type influenced the stress and strain generated during an impact. Ceramic brackets generated higher stresses than metallic brackets. Mouthguards substantially reduced impact stress and strain peaks, regardless of bracket type.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a influência da presença e tipo de bráquete ortodôntico (metálico ou cerâmico), e a presença de protetor bucal na resposta biomecânica durante impacto. Modelos bidimensionais em estado plano de deformação de paciente com incisivo central superior com overjet positivo acentuado foram criados baseados em tomografia computadorizada, simulando ligamento periodontal, suporte ósseo, tecido gengival, bráquetes ortodônticos (metálico e cerâmico) e o protetor bucal. Análise de elementos finitos não-linear de impacto foi realizada na qual uma esfera de aço atingiu o modelo a 1m/s. A distribuição de tensões (Von Mises e Von Mises modificado) e a deformação foram avaliadas. As distribuições de tensões foram afetadas pela presença e tipo de bráquete. Modelos com bráquete metálico e cerâmico produziram maiores valores de tensões sobre maior área do esmalte vestibular. Modelos com bráquetes cerâmicos geraram maiores tensões do que metálicos. O protetor bucal reduziu as tensões e deformações geradas independentemente do tipo de bráquete. A capacidade de absorção de choques foi de 88.37 e 89.27% para os bráquetes metálicos e cerâmicos, respectivamente. A presença e o tipo de bráquete influenciou a distribuição de tensões e deformações durante o impacto. Bráquetes cerâmicos geraram maiores valores de tensão do que metálicos. Protetor bucal reduziu significativamente os picos de tensão e deformação.

16.
Braz Dent J ; 31(3): 337-343, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667512

RESUMO

Lateral luxation injuries are one of the most severe periodontal injuries in dental trauma. The correct diagnosis followed by repositioning of the tooth on the right position is fundamental for the periodontal ligament healing. This study reported a clinical case of lateral luxation of maxillary central incisor involving a new cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) software for reconstruction (e-Vol DX) to confirm the lateral luxation after no conclusive dental trauma injury definition by using conventional exam. The lateral luxation injury was digitally reduced by insertion of tooth back to its alveolus, and at the same session, the tooth was stabilized with a rigid splint and further changed to a semi-rigid nylon splint. During the pulpal status monitoring, the pulp was diagnosed necrotic, then the root canal was treated to prevent root resorption. External office-bleaching and restorative procedure was performed. The 4-years follow up and new imaging exam and digital reconstruction confirmed bone healing and no complication. CBCT images analyzed by eVol DX can be used to determine and to guide lateral luxation treatment.


Assuntos
Reabsorção da Raiz , Avulsão Dentária , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Incisivo , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Software
17.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(3): 337-343, May-June 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132295

RESUMO

Abstract Lateral luxation injuries are one of the most severe periodontal injuries in dental trauma. The correct diagnosis followed by repositioning of the tooth on the right position is fundamental for the periodontal ligament healing. This study reported a clinical case of lateral luxation of maxillary central incisor involving a new cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) software for reconstruction (e-Vol DX) to confirm the lateral luxation after no conclusive dental trauma injury definition by using conventional exam. The lateral luxation injury was digitally reduced by insertion of tooth back to its alveolus, and at the same session, the tooth was stabilized with a rigid splint and further changed to a semi-rigid nylon splint. During the pulpal status monitoring, the pulp was diagnosed necrotic, then the root canal was treated to prevent root resorption. External office-bleaching and restorative procedure was performed. The 4-years follow up and new imaging exam and digital reconstruction confirmed bone healing and no complication. CBCT images analyzed by eVol DX can be used to determine and to guide lateral luxation treatment.


Resumo Lesões de luxação lateral são uma das lesões periodontais mais graves no traumatismo dental. O diagnóstico seguido do reposicionamento do dente na posição correta é fundamental para o reparo do ligamento periodontal. Este estudo relata um caso clínico de luxação lateral do incisivo central superior envolvendo um novo software de reconstrução (e-Vol DX) por tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC) para confirmar a luxação lateral após nenhuma definição de lesão por trauma dental conclusivo pelo exame convencional. A lesão de luxação lateral foi reduzida digitalmente pela inserção do dente de volta ao seu alvéolo e, na mesma sessão, o dente foi estabilizado com uma contenção rígida e posteriormente trocada para uma contenção de nylon semirrígida. Durante o monitoramento da condição pulpar, foi diagnosticada necrose da polpa e, em seguida, o canal radicular foi tratado para evitar a reabsorção radicular. Procedimento externo de clareamento e restauração foi realizado. O acompanhamento de 4 anos e o novo exame de imagem e reconstrução digital não confirmaram reparo ósseo e nenhuma complicação. Imagens de TCFC analisadas pelo e-Vol DX podem ser utilizadas para determinar e orientar lesão de luxação lateral.

18.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32423551

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: How the polymerization shrinkage, loading, and mechanical properties of luting materials affect the shrinkage and functional stresses in ceramic laminate veneers (CLVs) with and without tooth preparation is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this finite element analysis (FEA) study was to evaluate the effect of the polymerization shrinkage, functional loading, and mechanical properties of different luting materials on the stresses in ultrathin 0.3-mm CLVs with and without tooth preparation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three resin cements, RelyX Veneer (RV), Allcem Veneer APS (AV), Variolink Esthetic LC (VE), and 1 flowable composite resin, Tetric N-Flow (TF), were tested for post-gel shrinkage (Shr), Knoop hardness (KHN), elastic modulus (E), compressive strength (CS), and diametral tensile strength (DTS). IPS e.max CAD disks of 0.3-mm thickness were made for simulating the effects of light attenuation. Eight 2-dimensional finite element models (Marc-Mentat) of a maxillary central incisor were generated to evaluate the polymerization shrinkage stress of different materials for luting 0.3-mm CLVs with or without tooth preparation and the stress during functional loading by using a modified von Mises criterion (mvm). Collected data from Shr, KHN, and E were submitted to 2-way ANOVA and the Tukey HSD test (α=.05). RESULTS: Light attenuation by the 0.3-mm ceramic disk did not significantly affect the E values, but Shr was significantly lower in VE (26%) and TF (35%). TF had lower volumetric Shr (%) when interposing a ceramic disk (0.31%). Both tested tooth preparation options showed similar stress distributions from polymerization shrinkage or functional loading, with higher stress concentration on the incisal edge and also on the cervical surface. The model featuring tooth preparation and RV resin cement had the highest and VE the lowest stress levels. CONCLUSIONS: The flowable composite resin had similar mechanical properties as the resin cements. The stress distribution from shrinkage and functional loading was similar for both techniques with or without tooth preparation.

19.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e020, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236317

RESUMO

This in vitro study aimed to assess the effects of different pretreatments used to adapt glass-fiber posts cemented to root canals with different resin cements, regarding porosity percentage and bond strength. Twelve bovine incisor roots were prepared with Largo drills. After post space preparation, the specimens were randomized into two types of pretreatment groups (n = 3): water-wet bonding and ethanol-wet bonding. After the post were cemented, the roots were stored in 100% humidity at room temperature for 7 days. The samples were scanned by microcomputed tomography (micro-CT). Images were reconstructed by NRecon software, and CTAn software was used to analyze the porosity percentage (%) at the luting interface. Evaluation of the push-out bond strength was performed by serially cutting the roots, and submitting the slices to testing. Additionally, the resin cement post-gel shrinkage values (%) were measured using the strain-gauge method (n = 10). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA, Tukey's test and Student's t test (a = 0.05). The roots prepared with ethanol-wet bonding using RelyX™ U200 had significantly lower porosity in the coronal and apical thirds (p < 0.05). The group prepared with ethanol-wet bonding using RelyX™ ARC presented better bond strength results in the coronal and apical thirds (p < 0.05). RelyX™ ARC (0.97%) produced a higher post-gel shrinkage value than RelyX™ U200 (0.77%). Canals pretreated with ethanol-wet bonding presented better outcomes in regard to porosity percentage and push-out bond strength.


Assuntos
Adesivos Dentinários/farmacologia , Etanol/farmacologia , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Cimentos de Resina/química , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Bovinos , Colagem Dentária , Materiais Dentários/química , Cavidade Pulpar , Vidro , Teste de Materiais , Porosidade , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Microtomografia por Raio-X
20.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190544, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32348440

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate the influence of three levels of dental structure loss on stress distribution and bite load in root canal-treated young molar teeth that were filled with bulk-fill resin composite, using finite element analysis (FEA) to predict clinical failure. Methodology Three first mandibular molars with extensive caries lesions were selected in teenager patients. The habitual occlusion bite force was measured using gnathodynamometer before and after endodontic/restoration procedures. The recorded bite forces were used as input for patient-specific FEA models, generated from cone-beam computed tomographic (CT) scans of the teeth before and after treatment. Loads were simulated using the contact loading of the antagonist molars selected based on the CT scans and clinical evaluation. Pre and post treatment bite forces (N) in the 3 patients were 30.1/136.6, 34.3/133.4, and 47.9/124.1. Results Bite force increased 260% (from 36.7±11.6 to 131.9±17.8 N) after endodontic and direct restoration. Before endodontic intervention, the stress concentration was located in coronal tooth structure; after rehabilitation, the stresses were located in root dentin, regardless of the level of tooth structure loss. The bite force used on molar teeth after pulp removal during endodontic treatment resulted in high stress concentrations in weakened tooth areas and at the furcation. Conclusion Extensive caries negatively affected the bite force. After pulp removal and endodontic treatment, stress and strain concentrations were higher in the weakened dental structure. Root canal treatment associated with direct resin composite restorative procedure could restore the stress-strain conditions in permanent young molar teeth.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Resinas Compostas/química , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Dente Molar , Dente não Vital/terapia , Criança , Força Compressiva , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Módulo de Elasticidade , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Modelagem Computacional Específica para o Paciente , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resistência à Tração , Dente não Vital/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
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