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1.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 51(8): 702-709, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087273

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial fission and fusion processes are known as mitochondrial dynamics and the occurrence of imbalances in the mitochondrial activity is related to the pathogenesis of many human cancers. However, the importance of mitochondrial dynamics in malignant salivary gland tumours remains unknown. Therefore, we aimed to investigate its prognostic significance in adenoid cystic carcinoma. METHODS: Fifty-seven formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded cases were retrieved and disposed in tissue microarray. Histological sections were submitted to immunohistochemical reactions against AMT, DRP1, FIS1, MFN1, MFN2 and OPA1 proteins. Clinical data were retrieved from the patients' medical files, including specific and disease-free survival data. RESULTS: It was observed that 50.9% of the cases were strongly positive for AMT and DRP1, and 49.1%, 21.1%, 22.8% and 24.6% strongly positive for FIS1, MFN1, MFN2 and OPA1, respectively. Reactions were observed in both epithelial and myoepithelial components of the tumour. The higher expression of MFN2 was associated with solid microscopic pattern (p = 0.016). DRP1 overexpression showed a trend towards a shorter overall survival (p = 0.054), while negative/weak OPA1 showed a trend towards a lower disease-free survival (p = 0.051) in the univariate analysis, but no mitochondrial marker represented an independent prognostic determinant under multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, mitochondrial dynamics markers do not seem to carry a prognostic significance for adenoid cystic carcinoma patients, but these proteins may play an important role in its pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico , Dinâmica Mitocondrial , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/metabolismo , Humanos , Mitocôndrias
2.
J Cosmet Laser Ther ; : 1-7, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36074934

RESUMO

Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) has become an adjuvant therapeutic possibility in body remodeling procedures. Given this scenario, this study was proposed with the aim of evaluating the effects of PBMT to Light Emitting Diode (LED) associating the red (630 nm) and infrared (850 nm) wavelengths in the subcutaneous fatty tissue. This controlled study of comparative intervention that evaluated a sample of subcutaneous fatty tissue from women with grade II obesity. The participants received the LED PBMT treatment with associated red and infrared wavelengths sequentially on the left side of the abdomen and the right side was considered as control, with the collection of biological material performed at the time of bariatric surgery. For histological and immunohistochemical evaluation, Caspase 3, Cleaved Caspase 3, CD68+, HSL and adipophilin markers were used. The participants showed positivity in the expression of Caspase 3 and Cleaved Caspase (p < .0001), CD68+ macrophages (p < .0001), HSL (p < .0001) and adipophilin (p < .0013) in the intervention sample when compared to the control. PBMT and LED associating red and infrared wavelengths were able to promote autophagic lipolysis induced by adipocyte cell apoptosis in the subcutaneous tissue of obese individuals.

4.
Curr Drug Saf ; 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35570537

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gingival pigmentation is a discoloration of the gingiva due to a variety of lesions and conditions associated with several endogenous and exogenous etiologic features. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe a report of gingival pigmentation in a patient who used doxycycline. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old Caucasian female was under dermatological treatment and antibiotic therapy with doxycycline 100mg (one time a day) for 90 days. She presented brown pigmentation at the gingival margin on the facial surfaces of the upper and lower anterior incisors and premolars. The patient was evaluated by immunohistochemical (S-100, Melan-A, and HMB-45), histopathologic, and clinical history. Blood Malondialdehyde (MDA), Glutathione (GSH), and Superoxide dismutase (SOD) were analyzed by UV/Vis spectroscopy. The adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine in blood were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC); Dehidroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in serum by Radioimmunoassay; Luteinizing Hormone (LH) and 25-Hydroxyvitamin D by Chemiluminescence. Hematoxylin-eosin stained sections revealed keratinocytes with pigment compatible with melanin. The Fontana-Masson staining was positive in melanophages and in some basal keratinocytes. S-100, Melan A and HMB-45 were confirmed as positive markers of melanocytic differentiation in gingival tissue. We observed a significant increase of malondialdehyde (p˂0.05) and decrease in superoxide dismutase (p˂0.05). The dopamine value was 15 pg/ml (reference value: ≤ 10pg/ml). CONCLUSION: The use of doxycycline was associated with the increase in oxidative stress and dopamine with melanin pigments in the gingival tissue. This case report showed a cause-effect relationship between exposure to doxycycline and pigmentation of the marginal gingiva.

5.
Oral Oncol ; 128: 105831, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35395554

RESUMO

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an uncommon myeloid neoplasm characterized by clonal neoplastic proliferation of Langerhans-type dendritic cells associated with a reactive inflammatory infiltrate composed predominantly of lymphocytes and eosinophils. Only three cases of LCH mimicking periapical lesions have been reported in the English-language literature to date. Herein, we report a rare case of LCH involving the mandible of a 45-years-old woman mimicking microscopically and radiographically a residual cyst. The patient underwent enucleation and curettage of the lesion. Microscopically, the lesion showed fibrous tissue with an intense inflammatory infiltrate and histiocytes with irregular to elongated nuclei with prominent nuclear grooves. The tumor cells were positive for S-100 protein, CD1a, and CD207. After careful evaluation through imaging tests to rule out lesions in other anatomical locations, the diagnosis was solitary LCH of the mandible. After four years of follow-up, the patient remained with no evidence of recurrence. This case emphasizes the importance of a carefully clinical, radiographic, and microscopical evaluation of bone lesions, including periapical or residual cysts, since some neoplasms can mimic common benign lesions of the jaws. Although conservative approaches to treating solitary mandibular bone lesions of LCH can be employed, long-term follow-up is strongly recommended.


Assuntos
Cistos , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans , Cistos/complicações , Cistos/patologia , Feminino , Cabeça/patologia , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/complicações , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/diagnóstico , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/patologia , Humanos , Células de Langerhans/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 51(5): 493-500, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35347770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IgG4-related disease is a fibroinflammatory and immune-mediated condition, which has extremely variable clinical manifestations. In this study, we aim to investigate the clinicopathological features of IgG4-related disease involving the oral and maxillofacial region. METHODS: Cases of IgG4-related disease manifesting in the oral and maxillofacial region were retrieved from three Brazilian institutions. Clinical and serological data were obtained from the patients' medical charts, while microscopic and immunohistochemical findings were revised by oral pathologists. Diagnosis followed the American College of Rheumatology/European League against Rheumatism criteria. RESULTS: Seven patients diagnosed with IgG4-related disease were included in this study. Women were affected in all analysed cases, with a mean age of 55.4 years. Two patients presented with the clinical involvement of more than one oral and maxillofacial anatomic site. Therefore, our sample comprised nine oral and maxillofacial anatomic sites affected by IgG4-related disease. The submandibular gland was affected in four cases, the tongue and the parotid gland in two cases each, and the palate in one case. In a few cases, exploratory lower lip biopsy was used as a diagnostic approach. A moderate-to-severe lymphoid infiltrate containing plasma cells and lymphocytes, with an increased IgG4/IgG ratio, was common. Treatment varied and steroids were the most frequently used (57.4%). Six patients remained alive, while one died from unknown causes. CONCLUSION: Although major salivary glands are commonly affected by IgG4-related disease, the oral cavity can also be involved, and lower lip biopsy may be an auxiliary diagnostic tool.


Assuntos
Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4 , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/análise , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/diagnóstico , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/patologia , Lábio/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Glândula Submandibular
8.
Arch Oral Biol ; 136: 105374, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35180550

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This living systematic review aims to integrate the morphological and tissue-based molecular characterization of oral lesions occurring in individuals infected by COVID-19 (OLICs). MATERIALS AND DESIGN: This study was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Ovid, Embase, and LILACS were searched to identify reports on OLICs with morphological and/or tissue-based molecular data. RESULTS: Four studies reporting five cases were included. Three patients were male, and the mean age of the individuals was 47.6 years. The most reported anatomical location was the palate (n = 4), whereas ulcers were the most frequent clinical presentation (n = 3). Histopathologically, all cases revealed cell vacuolization and exocytosis in the epithelial layer. In the mesenchymal layer, inflammatory cell infiltrate and thrombi/microvascular thrombosis were observed in three cases. Immunohistochemical reactions were performed in two cases. Both cases were negative for HHV-1, HHV-2, and CMV. One case revealed positivity for SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. No other molecular tests were found for the characterization of OLIC. CONCLUSIONS: The pathological characteristics of OLICs are still unspecific. However, with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and well-documented new cases, whether OLICs are due to coinfections or has a primary origin can be determined.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus
10.
J Proteomics ; 254: 104474, 2022 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34990821

RESUMO

Syndecans belong to the family of transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycans and are associated with many physiopathological processes, including oral cancer. As previously shown soluble syndecan-1 (SDC1) fragments and synthetic SDC1 peptide were able to induce cell migration in oral cancer cell lines. In order to explore the role of SDC1 in oral cancer, we have investigated SDC1 interacting partners and its functional role in oral cancer models. Here we have shown that SDC1 interacts with follistatin-related protein 1 (FSTL1) by its ectodomain (ectoSDC1) and extracellular juxtamembrane peptide (pepSDC1) and that their transcript levels can affect tumor events. Using orthotopic mouse model we identified that the knock-down for FSTL1 (shFSTL1) or for both FSTL1 and SDC1 (sh2KD) produced less aggressive and infiltrative tumors, with lower keratinization deposition, but with increased levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition and proliferation compared to control and SDC1 knock-down. Based on cell culture assays, we suggest that the shFSTL1 effect on tumor tissues might be from significant increase of mRNA levels of Activin A (ActA) and its resceptors. This study shows for the first time two different complexes, SDC1 and FSTL1; pepSDC1 and FSTL1, exhibiting a close relationship in cell signaling events, as FSTL1 promotes a more aggressive phenotype. SIGNIFICANCE: This work contributes to the understanding of new SDC1 functions, based on the investigation of protein-protein complex formation in Oral Squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) models. The FSTL1 identification, as an interacting partner of SDC1 ectodomain and of its derived peptide promotes molecular events that favors cancer development and progression, as highlighted by Activin A (ActA) and Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) gene expression and by changes in the phenotype of orthotopic OSCC mouse tumor tissues when SDC1-FSTL1 expression is modulated.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Proteínas Relacionadas à Folistatina , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Animais , Proteínas Relacionadas à Folistatina/genética , Camundongos , Fenótipo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Sindecana-1/genética , Sindecana-1/metabolismo
11.
Head Neck Pathol ; 16(1): 268-277, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185247

RESUMO

The oral lymphoepithelial cyst (OLC) is an uncommon lesion whose pathogenesis remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of the OLCs and to verify a possible association between OLCs and subgemmal neurogenous plaque (SNP) in the posterior lateral region of the tongue. A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. A total of 106,282 biopsy records of oral and maxillofacial lesions from six oral pathology services in Brazil were analyzed. All cases of OLCs were reviewed, and clinical and histopathological data were collected. Immunohistochemical reactions for S-100 protein were performed to confirm the diagnosis of SNP. Among all lesions, there were 132 (0.11%) cases of OLCs. The series comprised 83 females (62.9%) and 49 males (37.1%), with a 1.7:1 female-to-male ratio and a mean age of 45.8 ± 17.7 years. Most cases involved the tongue (n = 80; 62.0%) and presented clinically as asymptomatic papules or nodules with a yellow or whitish color. Microscopically, most of the cysts were entirely lined by parakeratinized stratified epithelium (n = 89; 67.4%) and filled with desquamated cells, keratin debris, amorphous eosinophilic material, and inflammatory cells in varying amounts. Connection with the epithelium of oral mucosa was observed in 18 cases (13.6%). SNP was found in 9/80 (11.2%) cases involving the tongue. The clinical and demographic features of OLCs were similar to those described in previous studies. Overall, this lesion has a predilection for the posterior region of the tongue of female adults. Clinicians must include the OLC in the differential diagnosis of yellow/white papules and nodules of the oral cavity.


Assuntos
Cistos , Úlceras Orais , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteínas S100
12.
Head Neck Pathol ; 16(2): 476-485, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655411

RESUMO

Diffuse large B cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (DLBCL, NOS) is the most frequent non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtype. This aggressive neoplasm may variably express the CD30 protein, which may be used as a therapeutic target for this tumor. However, CD30 expression in DLBCL NOS arising from the oral cavity and the oropharynx has not been investigated. Therefore, this study aims to determine the frequency of CD30 expression and its prognostic significance for patients affected by oral/oropharyngeal DLBCL NOS. Fifty cases were retrieved from pathology files and submitted to immunohistochemistry against CD30. Reactivity was accessed by two oral pathologists using two cut-off values (> 0% and > 20% of tumor cells) to determine positivity in each case. Clinical data were obtained from the patients' medical files to investigate the prognostic potential of the protein. Seven high-grade B cell lymphomas and two EBV-positive DLBCL NOS were identified. We found one CD30-positive case in each of these two groups of lymphomas. Among the remaining 41 DLBCL NOS, other four cases (three in the oral cavity and one in the oropharynx) were positive for CD30, but only two expressed the protein in > 20% of tumor cells, both in the oral cavity. Survival analysis demonstrated that CD30-positive cases had a higher five-year overall survival rate (75%) than CD30-negative cases (32.3%), although a statistically significant result was not achieved (p = 0.19). Only a minor subset of oral and oropharyngeal DLBCL NOS express CD30 and these patients seems to have a higher survival rate.


Assuntos
Antígeno Ki-1 , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Antígeno Ki-1/análise , Antígeno Ki-1/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Orofaringe/química , Orofaringe/patologia , Prognóstico
13.
Lasers Med Sci ; 37(2): 1289-1297, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365545

RESUMO

The technology of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) has been studied around the world for its possible benefits in the treatment and rehabilitation of aesthetic disorders. To better elucidate its real physiological effect on the integumentary tissue, this study was proposed aimed at evaluating whether ESWT can act to stimulate the inflammatory process and angiogenesis in the dermis and epidermis of obese individuals. This is an immunohistological study that evaluated a set of samples of the integumentary tissue of women with grade II obesity with weight loss of 10% of the initial weight undergoing ESWT treatment; the collection of biological material was performed at the time of surgery of bariatric surgery. For immunohistochemical evaluation, the markers to assess the presence and distribution of inflammatory cells, anti-COX-2, CD3, CD20, CD163, and NK were used. For physiological stimulus pathways for blood vessel angiogenesis, markers CD 34, CD 105 and VEGF were used. Fourteen obese women were included in the study. Positivity was evidenced in the epidermal expression of markers of the inflammatory process COX-2, CD3, CD20, NK cells, CD68, and CD163 (p < 0.0001) in the intervention sample when compared to controls. There was a positive expression for the angiogenesis markers CD105 and VEGF (p < 0.0001) when comparing the intervention group with the control group. It was concluded that ESWT can stimulate a local inflammatory process, mediating and modulating important growth factors to act in the repair process and skin tissue regeneration, being considered a promising treatment for skin diseases related to weight gain or loss.


Assuntos
Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas , Ondas de Choque de Alta Energia , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação , Obesidade/terapia , Pele , Cicatrização
14.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 613-621, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasma cell neoplasms are characterized by the proliferation of a single clone of plasma cells with production of a monoclonal immunoglobulin. They can manifest as a single lesion (plasmacytoma) or as multiple lesions (multiple myeloma). METHODS: Paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of patients microscopically diagnosed with plasma cell neoplasms in the jaws were retrieved from five pathology files. Data including clinical, radiographic, microscopic and immunohistochemical findings, treatment employed and follow-up status were retrieved from the pathology reports. RESULTS: Fifty-two cases were retrieved (mean age: 59.4 years) without sex predilection. The mandible was the most affected site (67.3%), usually associated with pain and/or paresthesia (53.8%). Lesions in other bones besides the jaws were reported for 24 patients (46.2%). Radiographically, tumours usually presented as poorly defined osteolytic lesions with unilocular or multilocular images, while microscopy revealed diffuse proliferation of neoplastic plasma cells with nuclear displacement and abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. Two cases were classified as anaplastic, and amyloid deposits were found in two other cases. Immunohistochemistry was positive for plasma cell markers and negative for CD20 and CD3, and monoclonality for kappa light chain predominated. The overall survival rate after 5 years of follow-up was 26.6%. CONCLUSION: Plasma cell neoplasms are aggressive tumours with a poor prognosis and involvement of the jaws may be the first complaint of the patient. Thus, oral pathologists, head and neck surgeons and dentists should be aware of their clinical, radiographic and microscopic manifestations.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Neoplasias de Plasmócitos , Plasmocitoma , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Arcada Osseodentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Plasmócitos/diagnóstico por imagem , Plasmocitoma/diagnóstico por imagem
15.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 603-612, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal regions are relatively uncommon, and their diagnosis is challenging and complex due to the myriad histopathological subtypes. Herein, we report a large series of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas and compare our data with the currently available literature. METHODS: All cases diagnosed as lymphomas affecting the oral and oropharyngeal regions were retrospectively retrieved from seven Brazilian institutions. Clinicodemographic data and histopathological features were evaluated and described, while a comprehensive literature review was undertaken in order to compare our findings. RESULTS: A total of 304 cases of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas were obtained, mostly affecting individuals aged 60-69 years (n = 68) with a mean age at diagnosis of 54.2 ± 20.1 years. Males and females were equally affected. Mature B-cell neoplasms (87.2%) were the most common group, followed by mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms (11.2%) and precursor lymphoid neoplasms (1.6%). The most frequent subtypes in each group were diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 99), extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type (n = 12), and B-lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 4). The most commonly involved sites were the palate (26.3%), mandible (13%), and maxilla (10.5%). CONCLUSION: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, remains the most common subtype of lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal region. Older patients are the most affected, with no gender predilection and the palate and jaw are usually affected.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Palato , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 530-539, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34097774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoproliferative disorder (HVLPD) is a chronic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive lymphoproliferative disease which may either present as an indolent condition or progress to a systemic T-cell lymphoma. METHODS: All HVLPD diagnosed over a 10-year period were retrieved, and clinical data regarding sex, age, oral and systemic manifestations, and clinical follow-up were obtained. Immunohistochemistry was done in order to characterize the lymphoid cells, and in situ hybridization was used to demonstrate the presence of EBV. RESULTS: Eleven cases were included, with a male predominance and a mean age of 25.1 years. Buccal mucosa and the lips were the most affected oral sites, appearing as painful ulcers. All patients exhibited facial oedema, usually affecting the lips, nose and periorbital region. The clinical course was gradual but progressive, with four patients having fever and 3 showing lymphadenopathies. All cases showed a moderate to severe lymphocytic infiltrate with angiotropism, angiocentricity and epidermotropism. Two cases affecting the lip skin exhibited a periappendageal lymphocytic infiltrate. Few large pleomorphic cells were found, surrounded by smaller and medium-sized lymphoid cells, as well as reactive plasma cells, macrophages, neutrophils and eosinophils. All lesions exhibited a cytotoxic T-cell (CD8+) phenotype with a variable proliferative index. All cases were associated with EBV, and all patients died due to complications of the disease. CONCLUSIONS: HVLPD is a rare disease that may show oral involvement with a cytotoxic T-cell phenotype, and is strongly associated with EBV. As shown in this series, HVLPD may show aggressive clinical behaviour.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Hidroa Vaciniforme , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos , Adulto , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Masculino , Peru
17.
Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed ; 37(6): 521-529, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34080246

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Microneedling promotes skin microlesions that lead to an inflammatory process, increasing cell proliferation, cell metabolism, and synthesis of collagen and elastin, therefore restoring skin integrity. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the differences between the physical and the physical-chemical sunscreen application after microneedling, assessed through histological analysis. METHOD: This was a two-phase study. The first phase investigated the physical and physical-chemical sunscreen penetration mixed with India ink through histological analysis. The sunscreens were applied after the microleakage in vivo on the skin of a volunteer who underwent abdominoplasty 24 hours after the procedure. Histological analyses were carried out using optical and electron microscopy. The second phase analysed the skin reactions with the use of physical sunscreen after different microneedling treatments. The sample consisted of 30 volunteers distributed into three groups: G1 received the "Roller" microneedling, G2 received pen micropuncture treatment, and G3 received the fractional radiofrequency treatment. RESULTS: The histological analyses of the first phase indicated that the physical-chemical protection sunscreen penetrated more deeply, and pigment was found among the collagen fibres and the dermal fibroblast cytoplasm in comparison to the physical protection sunscreen, which had the pigment confined exclusively in the superficial epidermis layer. The second phase results demonstrated that the use of the physical protection sunscreen after the different microneedling techniques showed no adverse reactions such as itching, pain or soreness, and the hyperaemia. CONCLUSION: The proposed intervention showed that the use of physical protection sunscreen after different microneedling procedures is safe.


Assuntos
Agulhas , Protetores Solares , Colágeno , Epiderme , Humanos , Pele
18.
Oral Oncol ; 120: 105266, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33810988

RESUMO

The malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is a rare, aggressive malignant tumor that usually develops in the context of neurofibromatosis type 1. In the oral cavity, these tumors are excelling rare, especially in intraosseous sites. Herein, we report an unusual presentation of intraosseous MPNST affecting the mandible posterior region in a 28-year-old male without neurofibromatosis type 1 discovered as an incidental find on imaging exam. CT scan evaluation showed a solitary, well-defined, round hypodense lesion in the posterior mandibular region extending from tooth 45 to 46. Microscopic evaluation showed a tumor composed of atypical spindle-shaped cells arranged in fascicles and a storiform pattern. Tumor cells were positive for S-100 protein. Epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), pan-cytokeratin AE1/AE3, desmin, alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), HMB-45, MART-1, MUC4, and CD56 were negative. The diagnosis was low-grade MPNST. The patient underwent wide surgical resection of the tumor. After three years of follow-up, the patient remained with no evidence of recurrence or metastatic disease. When an intraosseous neurogenic tumor is suspected based on radiological characteristics, despite the apparent benign nature, an incisional biopsy is mandatory to rule out malignancy before treatment planning to avoid inadequate conservative treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Bainha Neural , Neurofibrossarcoma , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Neoplasias de Bainha Neural/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Bainha Neural/cirurgia , Neurofibromatose 1 , Neurofibrossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibrossarcoma/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737015

RESUMO

During oral pathology daily practice, true amyloid may be identified in oral amyloidosis and several odontogenic tumors. However, histologic examination often reveals other oral and perioral diseases with similar eosinophilic, acellular, amorphous substances. These include extensive areas of collagenous sclerosis, fibrin deposition, elastic fiber degeneration, and dentinoid material, which may resemble amyloid under light microscopic examination. These materials are often termed "amyloid-like" due to their close histologic resemblance to true amyloid. The rarity of most of these conditions and their strong histologic similarity may hamper an accurate diagnosis. Definitive diagnosis of these lesions may require clinical correlation; laboratory evaluation; histochemical or immunohistochemical reactions; and, in some cases, genetic investigation. In this review, we describe the main clinicopathologic features of this group of diseases that may manifest in the oral and/or perioral regions and that have in common the presence of amyloid-like material deposition.


Assuntos
Amiloidose , Tumores Odontogênicos , Amiloide , Amiloidose/diagnóstico , Tecido Elástico , Humanos
20.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol ; 131(4): 452-462.e4, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the clinicopathological, molecular, and prognostic features of oral/oropharyngeal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and high-grade B-cell lymphoma. STUDY DESIGN: All cases were retrieved from 7 Brazilian institutions. Immunohistochemical reactions were performed to confirm the diagnoses and to categorize the tumors. In situ hybridization was used to detect Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and fluorescence in situ hybridization was used to identify gene rearrangements. RESULTS: Most cases involved the oral cavity (76.8%). Males and females, with a mean age of 60 years, were evenly affected. Tumors mostly presented as painful swellings. Forty cases represented germinal center B-cell type (58%). Five cases presented double-hit translocation and 3 harbored rearrangement for MYC/BCL2/BCL6. EBV was detected in 3 cases (4.3%). The 5-year overall survival was 44.4%. Female sex, presence of pain and ulcer, microscopic "starry sky pattern" and necrosis, co-expression of c-Myc/Bcl2, and translocation of MYC were associated with a lower survival in univariate analysis (P = .05, P = .01, P = .01, P = .03, P = .05, P = .006, P = .05, respectively). CONCLUSION: Patients affected by oral/oropharyngeal DLBCL have a low survival rate. High-grade B-cell lymphoma (17.7%) and EBV-positive DLBCL, not otherwise specified (4.3%) account for a small number of cases.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Brasil , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética
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