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1.
Nat Mater ; 17(7): 605-609, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29807987

RESUMO

The possibility of utilizing the rich spin-dependent properties of graphene has attracted much attention in the pursuit of spintronics advances. The promise of high-speed and low-energy-consumption devices motivates the search for layered structures that stabilize chiral spin textures such as topologically protected skyrmions. Here we demonstrate that chiral spin textures are induced at graphene/ferromagnetic metal interfaces. Graphene is a weak spin-orbit coupling material and is generally not expected to induce a sufficient Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction to affect magnetic chirality. We demonstrate that indeed graphene does induce a type of Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction due to the Rashba effect. First-principles calculations and experiments using spin-polarized electron microscopy show that this graphene-induced Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction can have a similar magnitude to that at interfaces with heavy metals. This work paves a path towards two-dimensional-material-based spin-orbitronics.

2.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 23(30): 303001, 2011 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21747158

RESUMO

In the last 40 years, low energy electron diffraction (LEED) has proved to be the most reliable quantitative technique for surface structural determination. In this review, recent developments related to the theory that gives support to LEED structural determination are discussed under a critical analysis of the main theoretical approximation-the muffin-tin calculation. The search methodologies aimed at identifying the best matches between theoretical and experimental intensity versus voltage curves are also considered, with the most recent procedures being reviewed in detail.


Assuntos
Físico-Química/métodos , Elétrons , Algoritmos , Modelos Estatísticos , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Probabilidade , Espalhamento de Radiação , Propriedades de Superfície , Temperatura
3.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 17(1): 1-16, 2005 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21690663

RESUMO

We present in this work results concerning the application of the generalized simulated annealing (GSA) algorithm to the LEED search problem. The influence of the visiting distribution function (defined by the so-called q(V) parameter) in the effectiveness of the method was investigated by the application of the algorithm to structural searches for optimization of two to ten parameters in a theory-theory comparison for the CdTe(110) system. Results, obtained with the scaling relation and probability of convergence as a function of the number of parameters to be varied, indicate the fast simulated annealing (FSA) (q(V) = 2.0) approach as the best search machine.

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