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2.
Mol Imaging Biol ; 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049831

RESUMO

Here, we report on the outcome of the 2nd International Danube Symposium on advanced biomarker development that was held in Vienna, Austria, in early 2018. During the meeting, cross-speciality participants assessed critical aspects of non-invasive, quantitative biomarker development in view of the need to expand our understanding of disease mechanisms and the definition of appropriate strategies both for molecular diagnostics and personalised therapies. More specifically, panelists addressed the main topics, including the current status of disease characterisation by means of non-invasive imaging, histopathology and liquid biopsies as well as strategies of gaining new understanding of disease formation, modulation and plasticity to large-scale molecular imaging as well as integrative multi-platform approaches. Highlights of the 2018 meeting included dedicated sessions on non-invasive disease characterisation, development of disease and therapeutic tailored biomarkers, standardisation and quality measures in biospecimens, new therapeutic approaches and socio-economic challenges of biomarker developments. The scientific programme was accompanied by a roundtable discussion on identification and implementation of sustainable strategies to address the educational needs in the rapidly evolving field of molecular diagnostics. The central theme that emanated from the 2nd Donau Symposium was the importance of the conceptualisation and implementation of a convergent approach towards a disease characterisation beyond lesion-counting "lumpology" for a cost-effective and patient-centric diagnosis, therapy planning, guidance and monitoring. This involves a judicious choice of diagnostic means, the adoption of clinical decision support systems and, above all, a new way of communication involving all stakeholders across modalities and specialities. Moreover, complex diseases require a comprehensive diagnosis by converging parameters from different disciplines, which will finally yield to a precise therapeutic guidance and outcome prediction. While it is attractive to focus on technical advances alone, it is important to develop a patient-centric approach, thus asking "What can we do with our expertise to help patients?"

3.
Int J Nurs Stud ; 89: 62-71, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30343210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical wounds healing by secondary intention can be difficult and costly to manage and are profoundly under researched. This prospective inception, cohort study aimed to derive a better understanding of surgical wounds healing by secondary intention and to facilitate the design of future research investigating effective treatments. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with surgical wounds healing by secondary intention and the surgeries that preceded their wounds; to clearly delineate the clinical outcomes of these patients, specifically focusing on time to wound healing and its determinants; to explore the types of treatments for surgical wounds healing by secondary intention; and to assess the impact surgical wounds healing by secondary intention have on patients' quality of life. DESIGN: Prospective, inception cohort study. SETTING: Acute and community settings in eight sites across two large centres in the United Kingdom (Hull and Leeds, UK). METHODS: Patients with a surgical wounds healing by secondary intention (an open wound, <3 weeks' duration, resulting from surgery), were recruited and followed up for at least 12 months. Key outcome events included: time to healing; treatment type; infection; hospital re-admission and further procedures; health-related quality of life and pain. RESULTS: In total, 393 patients were recruited. Common co-morbidities were cardiovascular disease (38%), diabetes (26%) and peripheral vascular disease (14.5%). Baseline median SWHSI area was 6 cm2 (range 0.01-1200). Abdominal (n = 132), foot (n = 59), leg (n = 58) and peri-anal (n = 34) wounds were common. The majority of wounds (236, 60.1%) were intentionally left open following surgery; the remainder were mostly dehisced wounds. Healing was observed in 320 (81.4%) wounds with a median time to healing of 86 days (95% CI: 75-130). Factors associated with delayed healing included wound infection at any point and baseline wound area above the median. Health-related quality of life scores were low at baseline but improved with time and healing. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first inception cohort study in patients with surgical wounds healing by secondary intention. Patient characteristics have been clearly defined, with prolonged healing times and adverse events being common impacting on patient's health-related quality of life. Areas for, and factors crucial to the design of, future research have been identified.


Assuntos
Ferida Cirúrgica , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos , Cicatrização , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
4.
Arch Public Health ; 76: 62, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30250737

RESUMO

Background: Some studies have already explored the relationship between diabetes and hearing loss; however, this relationship has still not been well established, especially due to methodological limitations related to lack of control for confounders. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between self-reported hearing impairment and diabetes among adults in Brazil, controlling for sociodemographic and occupational exposure to ototoxic agents. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study based on data collected by the National Health Survey of 2013 in Brazil. A total of 60,202 individuals aged≥18 years were interviewed. Crude and adjusted prevalence ratios were calculated using the Poisson regression model with robust estimation of the variance. All analyzes were performed considering the appropriated weights imposed by the complex sample design. Results: Hearing loss prevalence was 2.56% (95%CI: 2.34-2.79). It was higher in males, older age groups, white and individuals with lower levels of schooling. Diabetes was positively and significantly associated with hearing loss in the crude analysis (PRcrude = 2.92; 95%CI: 2.75-3.11) and also in the analysis adjusted for gender, age, skin color, schooling, smoking, alcohol consumption and occupational exposure (PRadj = 1.46; 95%CI: 1.32-1.61). Conclusions: The present results suggest that individuals with diabetes have higher prevalence of hearing impairment. There is the need of longitudinal studies to investigate if diabetes is a risk factor to hearing impairment.

5.
BJS Open ; 2(3): 99-111, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29951633

RESUMO

Background: Surgical wounds healing by secondary intention (SWHSI) are increasingly being treated with negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) despite a lack of high-quality research evidence regarding its clinical and cost-effectiveness. This pilot feasibility RCT aimed to assess the methods for and feasibility of conducting a future definitive RCT of NPWT for the treatment of SWHSI. Methods: Eligible consenting adult patients receiving care at the study sites (2 acute and 1 community) and with a SWHSI appropriate for NPWT or wound dressing treatment were randomized 1 : 1 centrally to receive NPWT or usual care (no NPWT). Participants were followed up every 1-2 weeks for 3 months. Feasibility (recruitment rate, time to intervention delivery) and clinical (time to wound healing) outcomes were assessed. Results: A total of 248 participants were screened for eligibility; 40 (16·1 per cent) were randomized, 19 to NPWT and 21 to usual care. Twenty-four of the 40 wounds were located on the foot. Participants received NPWT for a median of 18 (range 0-72) days. Two participants in the NPWT group never received the intervention and 14 received NPWT within 48 h of randomization. Five participants in the usual care group received NPWT during the study. Ten of the 40 wounds were deemed to have healed during the study. Conclusion: A full-scale RCT to investigate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of NPWT for SWHSI is feasible. This study identified crucial information on recruitment rates and data collection methods to consider during the design of a definitive RCT. Registration number: ISRCTN12761776 (http://www.iscrtn.com).

6.
Diabetologia ; 55(7): 1902-10, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22544222

RESUMO

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Foot ulcers in people with diabetes are a common and serious global health issue. Dressings form a key part of ulcer treatment. Existing systematic reviews are limited by the lack of head-to-head comparisons of alternative dressings in a field where there are several different dressing options. We aimed to determine the relative effects of alternative wound dressings on the healing of diabetic foot ulcers. METHODS: This study was a systematic review involving Bayesian mixed treatment comparison. We included randomised controlled trials evaluating the effects on diabetic foot ulcer healing of one or more wound dressings. There were no restrictions based on language or publication status. RESULTS: Fifteen eligible studies, evaluating nine dressing types, were included. Ten direct treatment comparisons were made. Whilst there was increased healing associated with hydrogel and foam dressings compared with basic wound contact materials, these findings were based on data from small studies at unclear or high risk of bias. The mixed treatment comparison suggested that hydrocolloid-matrix dressings were associated with higher odds of ulcer healing than all other dressing types; there was a high degree of uncertainty around these estimates, which were deemed to be of very low quality. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: These findings summarise all available trial evidence regarding the use of dressings to heal diabetic foot ulcers. More expensive dressings may offer no advantages in terms of healing than cheaper basic dressings. In addition, evidence pointing to a difference in favour of 'advanced' dressing types over basic wound contact materials is of low or very low quality.


Assuntos
Bandagens , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Pé Diabético/terapia , Cicatrização , Curativos Hidrocoloides , Teorema de Bayes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Pé Diabético/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicare , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Reino Unido , Estados Unidos
7.
Health Technol Assess ; 16(7): 1-186, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22361003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a syndrome characterised by a systemic inflammatory response to infection that leads to rapid acute organ failure and potentially rapid decline to death. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), a blood product derived from human donor blood, has been proposed as an adjuvant therapy for sepsis. OBJECTIVES: To describe current practice in the management of adult patients severely ill with sepsis (severe sepsis or septic shock) in the UK; to assess the clinical effectiveness of IVIG for severe sepsis and septic shock and to obtain the appropriate inputs for the relative efficacy parameters, and the key uncertainties associated with these parameters, required to populate the decision model; to develop a decision-analytic model structure and identify key parameter inputs consistent with the decision problem and relevant to an NHS setting; and to populate the decision model and determine the cost-effectiveness of IVIG and to estimate the value of additional primary research. DATA SOURCES: Existing literature on IVIG and severe sepsis. Existing case-mix and outcome data on critical care admissions. Survey data on management of admissions with severe sepsis. Databases searched for clinical effectiveness were Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group Specialized Trials Register, the Cochrane Trials Register, MEDLINE and EMBASE. Dates searched were 1 January 2002 to 2 October 2009 to update previous Cochrane review. Databases searched for cost-effectiveness were NHS Economic Evaluation Database (NHS EED) to 2 October 2009, MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations and EMBASE to 20 October 2009. REVIEW METHODS: Systematic literature searching with data extraction, descriptive analysis and clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness modelling of IVIG in severe sepsis. Additional primary data analysis. Expected value of information (EVI) analysis. RESULTS: Our meta-analysis, the first to simultaneously allow for type of IVIG (IVIG or immunoglobulin M-enriched polyclonal IVIG), choice of control (no treatment or albumin), study quality/publication bias and other potential covariates, indicated that the treatment effect of IVIG on mortality for patients with severe sepsis is borderline significant with a large degree of heterogeneity in treatment effect between individual studies. Modelling indicated that there were issues with bias associated with trial methodology, publication and small-study effects with the current evidence. The large degree of heterogeneity in treatment effects between studies, however, could be explained (best-fitting model) by a measure of study quality (i.e. use of albumin as control - as an indicator of proper blinding to treatment as a proxy for study quality - associated with decreased effect) and duration of IVIG therapy (longer duration associated with increased effect). In-depth discussion within the Expert Group on duration of IVIG therapy, with daily dose and total dose also clearly inter-related, indicated no clear clinical rationale for this association and exposed a lack of evidence on the understanding of the mechanism of action of IVIG in severe sepsis. Although the EVI analyses suggested substantial expected net benefit from a large, multicentre randomised controlled trial (RCT) evaluating the clinical effectiveness of IVIG, the remaining uncertainties around the design of such a study mean that we are unable to recommend it at this time. LIMITATIONS: As has been identified in previous meta-analyses, there are issues with the methodological quality of the available evidence. CONCLUSIONS: Although the results highlight the value for money obtained in conducting further primary research in this area, the biggest limitation for such research regards the uncertainties over the mechanism of action of IVIG and the heterogeneous nature of severe sepsis. Resolving these would allow for better definition of the plausibility of the effectiveness scenarios presented and, consequently, a better understanding of the cost-effectiveness of this treatment. This information would also inform the design of future, primary evaluative research. Our recommendations for future research focus on filling the knowledge gaps to inform a future multicentre RCT prior to recommending its immediate design and conduct. FUNDING: The National Institute for Health Research Health Technology Assessment programme.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/economia , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Sepse/economia , Adulto , Idoso , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/economia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/normas , Análise Custo-Benefício , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Sepse/mortalidade , Medicina Estatal/economia , Medicina Estatal/normas , Análise de Sobrevida , Reino Unido
8.
Br Med Bull ; 101: 17-31, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22331197

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: The quality-adjusted life year (QALY) is the preferred measure of health outcome used to inform decisions over the use of health care interventions in the UK NHS. This measure considers the overall impact of alternative interventions on both the quantity and quality of life. SOURCES OF DATA: Review of the relevant literature. Areas of agreement The QALY assumes that health improvement is equally valued between individuals. Areas of controversy Some can perceive as equitable, that is fair, the assumption that health improvement is equally valued between individuals in the QALY. However, others may believe that this assumption leaves no space for alternative views over equity to be explicitly considered in societal decision making. GROWING POINTS: The role of equity in decision making in the UK has been subject of intense debate, and controversy, and to-date there is no consensus on whether, or how, should NICE should change their general process. AREAS TIMELY FOR DEVELOPING RESEARCH: Further examination of the issues needs to be debated and researched.


Assuntos
Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde/métodos , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Tomada de Decisões , Órgãos Governamentais , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Humanos , Medicina Estatal/organização & administração , Reino Unido
9.
Br J Surg ; 98(8): 1099-106, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21509750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A pragmatic, multicentre randomized controlled trial (VenUS III) was conducted to determine whether low-dose ultrasound therapy increased the healing rate of hard-to-heal leg ulcers. This study was a cost-effectiveness analysis of the trial data. METHODS: Cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analyses were conducted alongside the VenUS III trial, in which patients were randomly allocated to either ultrasound treatment administered weekly for 12 weeks along with standard care, or standard care alone. The time horizon was 12 months and based on the UK National Health Service (NHS) perspective. RESULTS: The base-case analysis showed that ultrasound therapy added to standard care was likely to be more costly and provide no extra benefit over standard care alone. Individuals who received ultrasound treatment plus standard care took a mean of 14.7 (95 per cent confidence interval - 32.7 to 56.8) days longer to heal, had 0.009 (-0.042 to 0.024) fewer quality-adjusted life years and had higher treatment costs by £ 197.88 (-35.19 to 420.32). Based on these point estimates, ultrasound therapy plus standard care for leg ulcers was dominated by standard care alone. The analysis of uncertainty showed that this treatment strategy is unlikely to be cost-effective. CONCLUSION: Ultrasound treatment was not cost-effective for hard-to-heal leg ulcers and should not be recommended for adoption in the NHS.


Assuntos
Úlcera da Perna/economia , Terapia por Ultrassom/economia , Bandagens Compressivas/economia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Recursos em Saúde/economia , Visita Domiciliar/economia , Humanos , Úlcera da Perna/terapia , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Encaminhamento e Consulta/economia , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização/fisiologia
10.
Health Technol Assess ; 15(13): 1-192, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21375959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of low-dose ultrasound delivered in conjunction with standard care against standard care alone in the treatment of hard-to-heal venous ulcers. DESIGN: A multicentre, pragmatic, two-armed randomised controlled trial with an economic evaluation. SETTING: Community nurse services; community leg ulcer clinics; hospital outpatient leg ulcer clinics, among both urban and rural settings in England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with a venous leg ulcer of > 6 months' duration or > 5 cm2 and an ankle-brachial pressure index of ≥ 0.8. In total, 337 patients were recruited to the study. INTERVENTIONS: Participants in the intervention group received low-dose ultrasound (0.5 W/cm2) delivered at 1 MHz, pulsed pattern of 1 : 4, applied to periulcer skin (via a water-based contact gel) weekly for up to 12 weeks alongside standard care. Standard care consisted of low-adherent dressings and compression therapy, renewed as recommended by the patient's nurse and modified if required to reflect changes in ulcer and skin condition. The output of the ultrasound machines was checked every 3 months to confirm intervention fidelity. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary end point was time to healing of the largest eligible ulcer (reference ulcer). Secondary outcomes were time to healing of all ulcers, proportion of patients healed, percentage and absolute change in ulcer size, proportion of time patients were ulcer free, cost of treatments, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), adverse events, withdrawal and loss to follow-up. RESULTS: There was a small, and statistically not significant, difference in the median time to complete ulcer healing of all ulcers in favour of standard care [median 328 days, 95% confidence interval (CI) 235 days, inestimable] compared with ultrasound (median 365 days, 95% CI 224 days, inestimable). There was no difference between groups in the proportion of patients with ulcers healed at 12 months (72/168 in ultrasound vs 78/169 standard care), nor in the change in ulcer size at 4 weeks. There was no evidence of a difference in recurrence of healed ulcers. There was no difference in HRQoL [measured using the Short Form questionnaire-12 items (SF-12)] between the two groups. There were more adverse events with ultrasound than with standard care. Ultrasound therapy as an adjuvant to standard care was found not to be a cost-effective treatment when compared with standard care. The mean cost of ultrasound was £197.88 (bias-corrected 95% CI -£35.19 to £420.32) higher than standard care per participant per year. There was a significant relationship between ulcer healing and area and duration at baseline. In addition, those centres with high recruitment rates had the highest healing rates. CONCLUSIONS: Low-dose ultrasound, delivered weekly during dressing changes, added to the package of current best practice (dressings, compression therapy) did not increase ulcer healing rates, affect quality of life (QoL) or reduce recurrence. It was associated with higher costs and more adverse events. There is no evidence that adding low-dose ultrasound to standard care for 'hard-to-heal' ulcers aids healing, improves QoL or reduces recurrence. It increases costs and adverse events. The relationship between ulcer healing rates and patient recruitment is worthy of further study. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN21175670. FUNDING: This project was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment programme and will be published in full in Health Technology Assessment; Vol. 15, No. 13. See the HTA programme website for further project information.


Assuntos
Úlcera da Perna/diagnóstico por imagem , Úlcera da Perna/terapia , /economia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Análise Custo-Benefício , Feminino , Humanos , Úlcera da Perna/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ultrassonografia , Reino Unido
11.
Br J Surg ; 97(8): 1218-25, 2010 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20602498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health outcomes and costs are both important when deciding whether general (GA) or local (LA) anaesthesia should be used during carotid endarterectomy. The aim of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of carotid endarterectomy under LA or GA in patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic carotid stenosis for whom surgery was advised. METHODS: Using patient-level data from a large, multinational, randomized controlled trial (GALA Trial) time free from stroke, myocardial infarction or death, and costs incurred were evaluated. The cost-effectiveness outcome was incremental cost per day free from an event, within a time horizon of 30 days. RESULTS: A patient undergoing carotid endarterectomy under LA incurred fewer costs (mean difference pound178) and had a slightly longer event-free survival (difference 0.16 days, but the 95 per cent confidence limits around this estimate were wide) compared with a patient who had GA. Existing uncertainty did not have a significant impact on the decision to adopt LA, over a wide range of willingness-to-pay values. CONCLUSION: If cost-effectiveness was considered in the decision to adopt GA or LA for carotid endarterectomy, given the evidence provided by this study, LA is likely to be the favoured treatment for patients for whom either anaesthetic approach is clinically appropriate.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral/economia , Anestesia Local/economia , Estenose das Carótidas/economia , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/economia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/economia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
12.
Health Technol Assess ; 13(55): 1-182, iii-iv, 2009 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19925723

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of larval therapy with a standard debridement technique (hydrogel). DESIGN: A pragmatic, three-arm, randomised controlled trial with an economic evaluation. SETTING: Community nursing services, community leg ulcer clinics and hospital outpatient leg ulcer clinics. A range of urban and rural settings. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with venous or mixed venous/arterial ulcers (minimum ankle brachial pressure index of 0.6) where a minimum of 25% of ulcer area was covered by slough and/or necrotic material. INTERVENTIONS: Loose larval therapy and bagged larval therapy compared with hydrogel. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary end point was complete healing of the largest eligible ulcer. The primary outcome was time to complete healing of the reference ulcer. Secondary outcomes were: time to debridement, cost of treatments, health-related quality of life (including ulcer-related pain), bacterial load, presence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and staff and patient attitudes to and beliefs about larval therapy. RESULTS: Between July 2004 and May 2007 the trial recruited 267 people aged 20-94 years at trial entry. There were more female (n = 158) than male (n = 109) participants and most ulcers were classified by the nurse as having an area greater than 5 cm(2). The time to healing for the three treatment arms was compared using the log rank test. The difference in time to healing in the three treatments was not statistically significant at the 5% level. Adjustment was then made for stratification and prespecified prognostic factors (centre, baseline ulcer area, ulcer duration and type of ulcer) using a Cox proportional hazards model. No difference was found in healing rates between the loose and bagged larvae groups. Results for larvae (loose and bagged pooled) compared with hydrogel showed no evidence of a difference in time to healing. When the same analytical steps were used to investigate time to debridement, larvae-treated ulcers debrided significantly more rapidly than hydrogel-treated ulcers; however, the difference in time to debridement between loose and bagged larvae was not significant. The adjusted analysis reported the hazard of debriding at any time for those in loose and bagged larvae groups as approximately twice that of the hydrogel group. No differences in health-related quality of life or bacteriology were observed between trial arms. Larval therapy was associated with significantly more ulcer-related pain than hydrogel. Our base-case economic evaluation showed large decision uncertainty associated with the cost-effectiveness of larval therapy compared with hydrogel, suggesting that larval therapy and hydrogel therapy have similar costs and effects in the treatment of sloughy and/or necrotic leg ulcers. CONCLUSIONS: Larval therapy significantly reduced the time to debridement of sloughy and/or necrotic, chronic venous and mixed venous/arterial leg ulcers, compared with hydrogel; however, larval therapy did not significantly increase the rate of healing of the ulcers. It was impossible to distinguish between larval therapy and hydrogel in terms of cost-effectiveness. Future research should investigate the association of debridement and healing and the value of debridement as a clinical outcome for patients and clinicians. To inform decision-makers' selection of debriding agents where debridement is the treatment goal, decision analytic modelling of all alternative debridement treatments is required. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN55114812.


Assuntos
Larva , Úlcera da Perna/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Assistência Ambulatorial , Animais , Análise Custo-Benefício , Desbridamento/métodos , Dípteros , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrogel de Polietilenoglicol-Dimetacrilato/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido , Cicatrização , Adulto Jovem
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