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J Dent ; : 103285, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006668


OBJECTIVES: This study aims to systematically review the literature on noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs) and calculate an overall prevalence estimate. METHODS: The protocol of this systematic review was prepared according to PRISMA and MOOSE guidelines. The MEDLINE-PubMed and Cochrane-CENTRAL databases were searched. Relevant published papers that provided information regarding the prevalence or number of NCCLs among general or specific populations were included. RESULTS: The initial search identified 569 titles and abstracts, 24 of which met the eligibility criteria involving 14,628 participants. The weighted mean prevalence of NCCLs among the whole studied population was 46.7 % (95 % CI: 38.2; 55.3 %), ranging from 9.1%-93%. Based on sub-analyses, studies with populations older than 30 years revealed higher weighted prevalence (53 %) than those with populations younger than 30 years (43 %). Regarding the diagnostic method, when visual or tactile clinical examination was used, the prevalence was lower than when the Smith and Knight tooth wear index was used. When different definitions were used, the weighted mean prevalence varied from 28 % to 62 %. As to the terms used to address the lesions, the prevalence was higher when "noncarious cervical lesion" was used and lower when "root defects," "abrasion," or "abfraction" were used. When geographical regions were compared, South America had the highest reported prevalence of NCCLs, while the United States had the lowest. Moreover, general populations presented the highest prevalence, slightly higher than dental populations, whose members frequented dental practices. CONCLUSION: The overall prevalence of NCCLs was 46.7 % and higher in older populations. Visual and tactile clinical examination underestimate this prevalence compared to the established index. The terms and definitions used also influenced the prevalence data. Distinct geographical differences were observed, and general populations were more inclined to present NCCLs.

Braz Oral Res ; 33: e115, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939497


The aim of this study was to investigate how Brazilian dentists perceive and manage dentin hypersensitivity (DH) in their clinical routine. A 13-item questionnaire-based survey was developed and sent electronically to a convenience sample of dentists. The questionnaire assessed the personal and dental practice characteristics of the sample, the occurrence of DH in their daily clinical practice, and management strategies. The data were analyzed descriptively and together with the chi-square test (a = 0.05). A total of 353 responses were obtained from September 2017 to March 2018. Of all the respondents, 62% were females, 49.9% reported fewer than five years of dental practice, and 70.5% were self-identified as private practitioners. Most of the dentists reported an estimated frequency (30-60%) of patients with DH in their practice. The most frequently cited (91.79%) trigger of DH was air blast and/or scratching with a probe. The first-choice strategy to manage DH was a dentin desensitizer (48.16%). The number of years in clinical practice did not influence DH relapse frequency (p = 0.76) significantly, or consider DH treatment as a problem (p = 0.22). The present findings indicate that, regardless of clinical experience, dentists in Brazil still consider DH management a challenge in their daily dental practice. In addition, the results suggest that guidelines should be developed to disseminate the available knowledge regarding this condition in ways that may influence decision-making processes among practitioners.

Sensibilidade da Dentina/terapia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Padrões de Prática Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/uso terapêutico , Odontólogos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
J Prosthet Dent ; 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590983


STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The biomechanical behavior of post-restored roots with an experimental fiber-reinforced composite resin is unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the biomechanical behavior of an experimental composite resin (3-mm short glass fiber incorporated in methacrylate matrix with filler particles) used to produce the custom post itself or to reline fiber posts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four testing groups (n=10) were created according to the root restoration method: FG, commercially available fiber post; FG+RC, fiber post relined with conventional composite resin; FG+EXP, fiber post relined with the experimental composite resin; and EXP, a custom post made of experimental composite resin. A three-dimensional finite element linear elastic analysis was performed by using geometric representations of groups, and the results were analyzed by von Mises (σvM) and maximum principal stress criteria. In sequence, 40 bovine incisors were assigned to these groups and subjected to a fracture load test (Instron 5965; 0.5 mm/min), and the failure mode was determined. RESULTS: The EXP group showed more homogeneous stress distribution for σvM. ANOVA and the Tukey honestly significant difference (HSD) tests showed significant differences (P<.001) in fracture load (mean ±standard deviation; different superscript letters indicate statistical difference): FG+EXP (669.5 ±107.7)A; FG (620.7 ±59.2)A; EXP (506.5 ±27.0)B; FG+RC (452.7 ±81.6)B. No differences were found for failure mode (P=.595). CONCLUSIONS: The experimental composite resin significantly increases fracture load when used to reline commercially available fiber posts and, irrespective of its use, presented lower stress concentration.

J Dent ; 89: 103180, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415787


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this split-mouth, triple-blind, randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the long-term clinical efficacy of experimental potassium oxalate concentration (10%) in relieving dentin hypersensitivity (DH), after a four-session application protocol. METHODS: Potassium oxalate gels with different concentrations (5 and 10%) were randomly assigned to half of the 31 patients from the sample in a split-mouth design. The desensitizers were applied following a four-session protocol, one session every 48 h. The primary outcome was the assessment of pain level with the visual analog scale (VAS, 0-10), at baseline, immediately after each desensitizing session, and also after the seventh day and along 1-,3-, 6-, 9- and 12-months follow-ups. Statistical analyses were performed using Friedman repeated measures and Wilcoxon signed rank tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: For both groups, the minimum of three sessions were required for the achievement of lower DH levels. Regardless of the concentration, the desensitizing effect was maintained all the way to the end of the 6-month follow-up. The 10%-potassium oxalate group was more effective for both 9 and 12-months follow-up periods (p < 0.001). No complications and adverse effects were observed. CONCLUSIONS: When a four-session protocol is applied, both concentrations of potassium oxalate (5 and 10%) proved to be effective on DH reduction for up to six months. However, the higher concentration promoted better long-term results. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The DH is an increasing condition in clinical practice, which affects the patient's life quality. This study provides primary clinical evidence, suggesting that multiple application sessions and higher concentrations of potassium oxalate may result in maintenance of the desensitizing effect for more extended periods. Trial registered under number: NCT03083496.

Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 37(2): 117-123, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050930


Objective: A single-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of desensitizing agents with different action mechanisms in reducing cervical dentin hypersensitivity (CDH) after four application sessions, with 24-week follow-up. Materials and methods: Sixty patients with CDH were selected in the study and were allocated in three groups of treatment: Desensibilize KF 2%, Clinpro XT Varnish, and Photon Lase III (100 mW, 4 J/cm2-1 J/cm2 each point, 10 sec per point with wavelength of 808 nm). There were four application sessions performed, with a 48-h interval between each one. The evaporative stimuli and visual analog scale were used to evaluate the CDH level at baseline, immediately after treatment, and at 2, 4, 8, and 24 weeks after the application. Mixed-model effects test was used for comparison (α = 0.05).Results: All three groups showed significant reduction in CDH from baseline to each all-subsequent follow-up. All the groups maintained the CDH reduction, and presented no statistical differences between each other after treatment (p = 0.885), 2 (p = 0.857), 4 (p = 0.928), 8 (p = 0.206), and 24 weeks (p = 0.073) of follow-up.Conclusions: The four-session protocol was an effective approach in reduction of CDH (even after 24 weeks), regardless of desensitization mechanism.

J Dent ; 81: 1-6, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30639724


OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of dentin hypersensitivity in various populations. SOURCES: Four electronic databases (Medline via PubMed, Cochrane Library, Wiley Online Library and Web of Science) were searched until June 2018. STUDY SELECTION: Cross-sectional studies on the prevalence of dentin hypersensitivity were included. Meta-analysis were conducted and meta-regression models were used to explain the variation of the prevalence measures. Data were extracted, and the studies were assessed for quality. DATA: A total of 65 papers (reporting on 77 studies) met the inclusion criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. The prevalence range was observed to be as low as 1.3% and as high as 92.1%. Effect modifiers for dentin hypersensitivity prevalences were the type of participants included in the study, age range, recruitment strategy and number of study sites. Higher prevalences were observed in studies involving specialty practice patients, younger adults, convenience sample and those characterized as single-site. CONCLUSION: The best estimate of dentin hypersensitivity was 11.5% (95%CI:11.3%-11.7%) and the average from all studies was 33.5% (95%CI: 30.2%-36.7%). The extremely high degree of heterogeneity among studies can only be partially explained by characteristics of the studies. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Dentin hypersensitivity is a persistent clinical problem that poses significant challenge for clinicians and affects patients' quality of life. Better understanding of the dentin hypersensitivity burden and its associated factors can assist on resource planning for reducing/preventing any discomfort arising from this condition and will aid in the decision-making process.

Sensibilidade da Dentina , Estudos Transversais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 34(5): 1443-1454, sept./oct. 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-967338


The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different anterior load type and restorative procedure on stress distribution of maxillary incisors with different noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs) morphologies. Three-dimensional models of a maxillary incisor were generated. Beyond the sound model (SO), five NCCLs morphologies were simulated: shallow (SH), notched (NO), concave (CO), wedge-haped (WS) and irregular with dual center (IR' and IR"). Composite resin restoration of all the models was simulated (R). Two different anterior loads were applied: 100N on palatine middle third (ML) and 500 N on palatine incisal third (IL). The data were obtained in MPa using the Maximum Principal Stress and Von Mises criteria and the statistical analysis was performed (paired t-test with 95% confidence level). The IL provided higher compressive stress than ML, mainly on WS (-136.3MPa), IR" (-117.5) and NO (-71.1 MPa). The highest tensile stress found within the restored models was on NOR with IL (19,1 MPa). The Von Mises results showed higher stress concentration on non-restored and IL models (p<0.001). The anterior load type and restorative status were determinant factors on stress distribution pattern changes, whereas NCCLs morphologies had little influence in maxillary incisors.

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência de diferentes tipos de contatos anteriores e procedimentos restauradores na distribuição de tensões de incisivos superiores com diferentes morfologias de lesões cervicais não-cariosas (NCCLs). Modelos tridimensionais de um incisivo central superior foram gerados. Além do modelo hígido (SO), foram simuladas cinco morfologias de NCCLs: rasas (SH), entalhadas (NO), côncavas (CO), em forma de cunha (WS) e irregulares com centro duplo (IR' e IR''). Restauração com resina composta em todos os modelos foi simulada (R). Dois contatos anteriores diferentes foram aplicadas: 100N no terço médio palatino (ML) e 500N no terço incisal palatino (IL). Os dados foram obtidos em MPa utilizando os critérios de Tensão Máxima Principal e de Von Mises e a análise estatística foi realizada (teste t pareado com nível de significância de 95%). A IL proporcionou maior estresse compressivo que ML, principalmente em WS (-136,3MPa), IR "(-117,5) e NO (-71,1 MPa). A maior tensão de tração encontrada nos modelos restaurados foi na NOR com IL (19,1 MPa). Os resultados de Von Mises mostraram maior concentração de estresse nos modelos não restaurados e IL (p <0,001). O tipo de contato anterior e a presença de restauração foram fatores determinantes nas alterações do padrão de distribuição de estresse, enquanto as morfologias dos NCCLs tiveram pouca influência nos incisivos superiores.

Resinas Compostas , Lesões do Pescoço , Análise de Elementos Finitos
ROBRAC ; 27(83): 204-210, out./dez. 2018. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-997302


Objetivo: avaliar o comportamento biomecânico de pré- -molar superior com presença de Lesões Cervicais Não Cariosas (LCNC) e submetido a três carregamentos oclusais distintos pelo método de elementos finitos tridimensional (3D). Material e método: nove modelos tridimensionais elásticos foram gerados, com propriedades ortotrópicas e isotrópicas: Hígido (H); LCNC não restaurada (LCNC) e LCNC restaurada com resina composta (RC); sendo todos estes modelos submetidos a três carregamentos: Axial (A), Oblíquo vestibular (V) e Oblíquo palatino (P). Os carregamentos tiveram intensidade de 150 N e a restrição de deslocamento foi realizada na base e lateral dos ossos cortical e medular. Os resultados foram gerados em tensão máxima e mínima principal. Resultados: O carregamento axial apresentou padrões de tensão mais favoráveis, independente da característica da região cervical. O carregamento palatino mostrou maior acúmulo de tensão de tração na região cervical vestibular e o carregamento vestibular resultou em maior tensão de compressão na tábua óssea vestibular. A presença de LCNC foi fator intensificador para o aumento da concentração de tensão na região cervical. A simulação da restauração com resina composta promoveu um comportamento biomecânico simular ao do hígido. Conclusões: que o carregamento palatino pode estar mais associado com a presença de LCNCs e o vestibular com a presença de recessão gengival. O ajuste oclusal e a restauração da LCNC são indicados para tornar o padrão de tensão mais favorável para o remanescente dentário.

Objective: to evaluate the biomechanical behavior of maxillary premolar with the presence of NCCL and submitted to three distinct occlusal loads, using the three-dimensional (3D) finite element analysis. Methods: nine three-dimensional elastic models were generated, with orthotropic and isotropic properties: Sound (H); Unrestored NCCL (NCCL) and NCCL restored with composite resin (RC); All models were submitted to three loads: Axial (A), Buccal (V) and Palataline (P). The loads intensity was 150 N and the displacement restriction was performed at the base and lateral of the cortical and medullary bones. The results were generated at maximum and minimum principal stress. Results: the axial loading presented more favorable stress pattern, independent of the characteristic of the cervical region. The palataline loading showed a greater concentration of tensile stress in the buccal cervical region and the buccal loading resulted in a higher compression stress in the buccal bone. The presence of NCCL was a relevant factor for increase concentration of stress in the cervical region. The simulation of the restoration with composite resin promoted a biomechanical behavior similar to that of the sound tooth. Conclusion that the palataline loading may be more associated with the presence of NCCLs and the vestibular with the presence of gingival recession. The occlusal adjustment and the restoration of NCCLs are indicated to produce the stress pattern more favorable for the dental remaining.

J Dent ; 76: 93-97, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29940290


OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors associated with noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs), cervical dentin hypersensitivity (CDH), and gingival recession (GR), besides the relationship among these conditions in a specific Brazilian sample population. METHODS: 185 patients who attended the "Ambulatory Program for Rehabilitation of Patients with Noncarious Cervical Lesions and Cervical Dentin Hypersensitivity" were evaluated, and 5180 teeth were analyzed. The subjects filled out a form and a calibrated examiner performed the clinical exams to determine the presence of NCCLs, CDH, and GR. NCCLs were classified according to their morphology and depth, CDH levels were evaluated according to air stimuli response, and GRs were categorized according to Miller's classification. The association of the risk factors with NCCLs, CDH, and GR was determined with the Mann-Whitney U test and multiple linear regression. For the correlations, the Spearman test was used with a 95%-confidence level. RESULTS: The NCCLs, CDH, and GR distributions within the study were 88.1%, 89.1%, and 59.4%, respectively. Maxillary premolars were the most affected by all three conditions. A positive correlation was found between age, NCCLs, and GR; between NCCLs and CDH; CDH and GR; GR and NCCLs. Age, gender, oral hygiene, gastroesophageal diseases, and occlusal trauma were significantly associated with the presence of all three conditions. CONCLUSIONS: The NCCLs and GR distributions increased with age; NCCLs, CDH, and GR had positive correlation; the lesions' depth and morphology contributed to high levels of sensitivity and severity of recessions; age, gender, gastric disease, and occlusal trauma were relevant factors for the occurrence of NCCLs, CDH, and GR. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The increasing distribution of NCCLs, CDH, and GR is closely associated with people's lifestyles. Thus, it is important for the clinicians to recognize the etiological factors and their most relevant associations to prevent and control such alterations, in order to improve the population's quality of life.

Sensibilidade da Dentina , Retração Gengival , Colo do Dente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Sensibilidade da Dentina/epidemiologia , Feminino , Retração Gengival/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Doenças Estomatognáticas/epidemiologia , Colo do Dente/patologia
Monogr Oral Sci ; 26: 115-124, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29050029


This chapter describes the clinical performance of restorations placed in root caries lesions. The prevalence of root caries and other types of cervical lesions, caused by abfraction, erosion, and abrasion (non-carious cervical lesions) are high, mainly in the elderly; and therefore, restorative procedures are indicated. We will revise the restorative materials used to restore these types of lesions and present evidence-based findings to provide clinicians with better evidence for choosing them. Additionally, some steps of the restorative procedure for the placement of resin-based composites will be revised and common clinical questions related to these steps will be answered based on high evidence level, produced by randomized clinical trials and systematic reviews of the literature.

Abrasão Dentária , Erosão Dentária , Idoso , Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Humanos , Colo do Dente
Prosthes. Lab. Sci ; 6(23): 62-66, abr.-jun. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-877462


Para obter estética e funcionalidade em prótese implantada, vários detalhes devem ser observados. Um detalhe importante em próteses do tipo protocolo é a presença de espaço para higienização. Este caso clínico relata um caso em que a paciente utilizava uma prótese do tipo protocolo superior e prótese parcial removível inferior Classe I de Kennedy. Contudo, a paciente estava insatisfeita com sua prótese superior em relação à estética e dificuldade para higienização. Durante a consulta para diagnóstico e planejamento esses problemas reportados pela pacientes ficaram evidentes: mal posicionamento dos dentes, falta de espaço para corredor bucal e desvio de linha média. foi proposto a paciente a confecção de novas próteses superior e inferior, que seguiram todos os passos necessários para alcançar estética e funcionalidade. A etapa de prova de dentes superiores foi realizada três vezes, até que estivesse ideal. Após a acrilização da prótese superior foram criadas pequenas canaletas para guiar a passagem do fio dental entre os implantes, facilitando o processo de higienização. Este caso clínico demonstra que todos os parâmetros necessários para a confecção de uma prótese total adequada devem ser respeitados durante a confecção de uma prótese do tipo protocolo sobre implantes. Além disso, a confecção das canaletas para higienização permite que o paciente realize esse processo de forma satisfatória, podendo aumentar o tempo de sucesso do tratamento.

To achieve good aesthetics and function in implant-supported dental prosthesis several details must be observed. One important detail for protocol-type prosthesis is the presence of a cleansing space. This paper reports the case of a patient with upper protocol-type prosthesis and an inferior partial Kennedy Class I removable prosthesis. however, the patient was unsatisfied with the aesthetics of the upper prosthesis as well as with the difficulty of cleaning it. During consultation for diagnosis and planning the problems reported by the patient became evident: wrong positioning of the teeth, lack of buccal corridor and midline deviation. The recommendation was to manufacture new lower and upper prostheses, following all the required steps in order to achieve satisfactory aesthetics and function. for the upper teeth try-in stages were performed, until the ideal fit was reached. After acrylic cure of the upper prosthesis was performed, furrows were created in the region between the implants, serving as guide to facilitate the passage of dental floss, making it easier to clean the prosthesis. The aim of this study was to demonstrate, that all the parameters observed in the manufacture of a conventional complete denture should be followed in the confection of protocol type prosthesis. Also, the furrows allow proper hygiene, which may increase the duration of the treatment success.

Humanos , Implantes Dentários , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Planejamento de Dentadura , Prótese Total , Higiene Bucal , Próteses e Implantes
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 32(5): 1428-1434, sept./oct 2016. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-965775


Diastemas among maxillary incisors and gingival contour disharmony are common findings among patients in dental practice. Ceramic veneers are indicated for esthetic rehabilitation of anterior diastemas due their predictable results, optical characteristics, fracture resistance and tooth structure conservation. However, because it is a friable material and have a brittle behavior, fractures occurrences are related to trauma, oclusal overload, parafunctional habits and material fatigue. This article describes 30 months follow-up of an esthetic and functional rehabilitation diastemas closure using feldspathic veneers associated with periodontal surgery and a ceramic repair with composite resin. Gingivectomy and frenectomy needs were found and the surgical procedures performed guided by new anatomic aspects of the crowns. Mock-up was performed after waxing and reverse planning. All anterior teeth underwent minimally invasive preparation. Feldspathic ceramic veneers were made, tried using try in paste and luted with light-cure resin cement. After 24 months, a fracture occurred on the right maxillary canine veneer. The ceramic restoration repair was performed with nano-hybrid composite resin, after the conditioning with 5% hydrofluoric acid, 37% phosphoric acid and silane couple agent. The combination between ceramic veneers and gingivectomy enables to obtain conservative treatments and esthetic success. After six months of the repair, resulting 30 months of follow-up, the anterior restorations were aesthetically and functionally satisfactory.

Presença de diastemas entre os incisivos superiores e desarmonia do contorno gengival são achados comuns entre os pacientes atendidos na rotina clínica. Facetas cerâmicas são indicadas para reabilitação estética de diastemas anteriores devido a previsibilidade de resultados, características óticas, resistências à fratura e conservação de estrutura dentária. Entretanto, por este ser um material frágil e apresentar comportamento friável, fraturas podem estar relacionadas a episódios de trauma, sobrecarga oclusal, hábitos parafuncionais e fadiga do material. Este artigo descreve um acompanhamento clínico de 30 meses de reabilitação estética e funcional de fechamento de diastema utilizando facetas minimamente invasivas confeccionadas com cerâmicas feldspáticas associadas à cirurgia periodontal e necessidade de reparo da cerâmica com resina composta. A indicação de plastia gengival e frenectomia foram constatadas e o procedimento cirúrgico guiado pelo planejamento da nova anatomia das coroas dentárias. Todos os dentes anteriores superiores foram minimamente preparados. O mock-up foi realizado depois do enceramento e do planejamento reverso. Facetas em cerâmicas feldspáticas foram confeccionadas, a cor do cimento resinoso selecionada com pastas testes e a cimentação concluída com cimento de polimerização exclusiva física. Depois de 24 meses de acompanhamento, ocorreu fratura da faceta do canino superior direito. O reparo da restauração cerâmica foi realizado com resina nanohibrida, depois da cerâmica condicionada com ácido fluorídrico 5%, ácido fosfórico 37% e aplicação de agente de união silano. A combinação entre facetas cerâmicas e cirurgia de plastia gengival permite alcançar tratamento conservador e sucesso estético. Posteriormente seis meses do reparo, resultando em 30 meses de acompanhamento clínico, as restaurações anteriores permaneciam estética e funcionalmente satisfatórias.

Facetas Dentárias , Diastema , Estética Dentária , Gengivectomia
J Int Acad Periodontol ; 18(1): 16-22, 2016 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26764967


The association between the presence of gingival recession and non-carious cervical lesions is a common finding in dentistry. These diseases have multifactorial etiology and the treatment should be multidisciplinary. Although traditionally the majority of professionals treat non-carious cervical lesions only with conventional restorative procedures, in most cases a combination of periodontal and restorative treatments provides the best functional and esthetic results. Thus, the objective of this case report was to present a new option for treatment, which consists of a subepithelial connective tissue graft associated with a coronally advanced flap placed on dentin and non-carious cervical lesions restored with lithium disilicate partial veneers. A patient complaining about the esthetic aspects of her teeth and cervical dentin hypersensitivity was submitted to occlusal adjustments and daily diet analysis in order to manage etiologic factors. Experienced operators then performed restorative and surgical treatments. Periodontal clinical attachment level (probing depth + gingival margin), bleeding on probing, plaque index, and the integrity of the restorations were observed. During the monitoring period, the treatment was effective, with good functional and esthetic results. The hypersensitivity disappeared, and neither inflammatory characteristics in gingival tissue nor failures in restorations were noted. It might be concluded that treatment with a combination of techniques can be effective and predictable for patients with gingival recession and non-carious cervical lesions that may or may not require restorative procedures under controlled conditions.

Retração Gengival/cirurgia , Tecido Conjuntivo , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Feminino , Gengiva , Gengivoplastia , Humanos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 32(1): 279-287, jan./fev. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-965290


The objective of this clinical study was to determine the effect of adding desensitizing agents in homemade experimental whitening gel Carbamide peroxide 16%. 60 young patients were selected (between 18-28 years), who used randomly (by lottery) the whitening gel DA (with desensitizing agent) or whitening gel CO (without desensitizing agent) characterized as control of a double-blind study, ie the patient and the evaluator did not know the product that was being used. Teeth 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 21, 22, 23, 24 and 25 were bleached. The guidelines of how to apply the bleaching agents were performed by an experienced and calibrated team, and the application accompanied by examiners in several phases. To measure the color we used a Visual Range Vita Classical through visual inspection by the evaluators and patient information. A comparative test regarding each individual stimulation caused by mechanical attrition and thermal probe with clinical test was done (air syringe) in order to verify the presence of sensitivity in three phases: before treatment, after 7 and 14 days. Data were collected using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) adapted to four criteria: no pain, mild pain, moderate pain and severe pain. The correlation of the data x teeth sensitivity were obtained separately, and tabulated for further comparative analysis. The results showed that there was no difference between the groups in terms of bleaching effect. In the post-operative sensitivity test, the subjects who used the product without desensitizing showed higher levels of sensitivity in different types of teeth, regardless of sex or age. It was concluded that the addition of desensitizing agent in the carbamide peroxide 16% whitening gel produced less post-bleaching sensitivity index. We emphasize that from the teeth evaluated, the premolars showed higher sensitivity index, followed by the canines and incisors. There was no difference in the bleaching capacity of the products used, demonstrating that the addition of desensitizing did not affect the efficacy of the treatment.

O objetivo deste estudo clínico foi determinar o efeito da adição de agentes dessensibilizantes em gel clareador experimental caseiro Peróxido de Carbamida 16%. Foram selecionados 60 pacientes jovens (entre 18 a 28 anos), que utilizaram aleatoriamente (através de sorteio) o gel clareador DA (com dessensibilizante) gel clareador CO (sem dessensibilizante), caracterizado como grupo controle de um estudo duplo-cego, ou seja o paciente e o avaliador não conheciam o produto que estava sendo utilizado. Foram clareados os dentes 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 21, 22, 23, 24 e 25. As orientações de como aplicar os agentes clareadores foram realizadas por uma equipe experiente e calibrada, e a aplicação acompanhada por examinadores em diversas fases. Para mensuração da cor foi utilizada uma Escala Visual Vita Clássica através de inspeção visual pelos avaliadores e informações dos pacientes. Foi feito um teste comparativo considerando cada estímulo individualmente provocado por atrito mecânico com sonda clínica e teste térmico (seringa de ar), a fim de verificar a presença de sensibilidade em três fases: antes do tratamento, após 7 e 14 dias. Os dados foram coletados utilizando Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) adaptada a quatro critérios: ausência de dor, dor leve, dor moderada e dor intensa. A correlação dos dados dentes x sensibilidade foram obtidos separadamente, e tabulados para posterior análise comparativa. Os resultados demonstraram que não existiu diferença entre os grupos em termos de efeito clareador. Já no teste de sensibilidade pós-operatória, os sujeitos que utilizaram o produto sem o dessensibilizante mostraram maiores níveis de sensibildade, em diferentes tipos de dentes, independente de gênero ou idade. Pode-se concluir que a adição do agente dessensibilizante no gel clareador peróxido de carbamida 16% gerou menor índice de sensibilidade pósclareamento. Destacamos que dentre os dentes avaliados, os pré-molares apresentaram maior índice de sensibilidade, seguido pelos caninos e incisivos. Não houve diferença na capacidade de clareamento dos produtos empregados, demonstrando que a adição do dessensibilizante não comprometeu a eficácia do tratamento.

Clareamento Dental , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários
Clin Oral Investig ; 20(3): 433-41, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26159778


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of restorative materials used on the rehabilitation of MOD cavities and loading type, on biomechanical behavior of wedge-shaped (WS) lesions in endodontically treated maxillary premolars. The investigation was conducted by 3D finite element analysis (FEA) and strain gauge test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six models were generated, with MOD cavities and endodontic treatment: A (MOD amalgam restoration), R (MOD composite restoration), AL (A + cervical lesion (L)), RL, ALR (A + cervical lesion restored with composite (LR)), and RLR. Each model underwent two compressive loading (100N): axial and oblique-45° angle to the long axis on the buccal cusp. The models were analyzed by von Mises criteria. For strain gauge test, 14 standardized maxillary premolars were treated according to the groups described for FEA. Two strain gauges were bonded on each sample submitted to compressive loading in a mechanical testing machine. RESULTS: A presented higher stress concentration and strain values than R. Oblique loading promoted highest stress concentration and strain rates for all groups. ALR and RLR presented similar stress-strain distribution pattern when compared to A and R. CONCLUSION: The interaction between MOD cavity restored with amalgam and oblique loading propitiated the highest stress concentration and strain values on cervical region and WS lesion. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The MOD cavity restored with composite resin is a better option than amalgam to improve the biomechanical behavior of wedge-shaped lesion, avoiding dental failure. In addition, the occlusal interferences must be removed, allowing homogeneous contact distribution and preventing WS lesion progression.

Dente Pré-Molar/fisiopatologia , Resinas Compostas/química , Amálgama Dentário/química , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/métodos , Materiais Dentários/química , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Dente não Vital/fisiopatologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/química , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Módulo de Elasticidade , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Guta-Percha/química , Estresse Mecânico
J Adhes Dent ; 17(3): 213-8, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26159126


PURPOSE: To study the biomechanical behavior of extensively restored premolars by determining the effect of the composite type, presence of cusp weakening, and compressive loading on the cusp deformation (CD), marginal integrity (MI), and fracture resistance (FR) of directly restored premolars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty premolars received Class II mesio-occlusal-distal (MOD) cavities and were divided into 4 groups (n = 10) in accordance with the two study variables: composite type (conventional: Filtek Z250 XT [Z250], 3M ESPE; low shrinkage: Venus Diamond [VD], Heraeus-Kulzer) and the presence of cusp weakening (with/without). Cusp deformation upon restoration was assessed using strain gauges during the restorative procedure and thereafter when the restorations were subjected to an occlusal load of 100 N. The samples were subjected to thermal and mechanical cycling. Epoxy resin replicas of the proximal tooth/restoration interfaces were made to analyze the marginal integrity (MI) using scanning electron microscopy. To determine the fracture resistance (FR), the teeth were loaded at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min until fracture. RESULTS: The conventional composite Z250 had higher CD, lower MI, and lower FR than the low-shrinkage composite VD. Cusp weakening had no influence on CD, but MI and FR decreased. CONCLUSION: The low-shrinkage composite VD performed better in restoring extensively destroyed premolars than did Z250.

Dente Pré-Molar/fisiopatologia , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente/classificação , Coroa do Dente/fisiopatologia , Fraturas dos Dentes/fisiopatologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Força de Mordida , Resinas Compostas/química , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/classificação , Materiais Dentários/química , Análise do Estresse Dentário/instrumentação , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície , Temperatura Ambiente
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 31(2): 657-662, mar./abr. 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-964123


Congenital tooth agenesis and tooth loss due to dental traumatism are some of the most common causes leading to rehabilitation of young patients with dental implants. The success of treating congenitally missing teeth with implant-supported prosthesis is no more guided only by osseointegration criteria. Nowadays the successful rehabilitation of these cases involves the adequate installation of dental implants with suitable prosthetic contour, color, and emergence profile closer to that found in natural dentition. Several treatment options are available for restoring patients with congenitally missing teeth such as maxillary lateral incisors. Fixed prosthodontics and orthodontics managements are considered acceptable treatment protocols. However, the gold standard rehabilitation of congenitally missing maxillary incisors is performed with implant-based prosthesis since no tooth wear neither extensive tooth movements are necessary. The present paper reports the treatment of a young adult woman with congenitally missing maxillary lateral incisors who underwent orthodontic treatment for improvement of teeth alignment and occlusal balance previous to dental implant surgery. This treatment also allowed appropriate space for the future lateral incisors crowns. Then, Morse-type conical implants were positioned and prosthetic abutments installed. Ceramic laminates were planned on central incisors in order to improve anterior aesthetics. All-ceramic crowns and laminates were made using lithium dissilicate-based ceramic (e-Max Press). The multidisciplinary association of orthodontic, implant and prosthetic techniques resulted in successful functional and aesthetic rehabilitation of the case, which was maintained after 1 year follow up.

Agenesias e perdas dentárias devido a traumatismos estão entre as principais causas de reabilitações de pacientes jovens com implantes dentários. O sucesso do tratamento de agenesias com implantes osseointegrados não se limita mais à osseointegração exclusivamente. Atualmente, o sucesso da reabilitação destes casos envolve a correta instalação de implantes que favoreçam a confecção de uma prótese com cor, forma e perfil de emergência o mais semelhante possível aos dentes naturais. Os cirurgiões-dentistas têm várias opções para tratar casos de agenesias como as de incisivos laterais superiores. Próteses fixas convencionais e movimentação ortodôntica são considerados protocolos de tratamento aceitáveis. Entretanto, agenesias de incisivos laterais superiores são reabilitadas satisfatoriamente com próteses sobre implantes uma vez que extensas movimentações ou desgastes dentários são necessários. O presente caso relata o tratamento de uma paciente jovem com agenesia dos incisivos laterais que havia feito tratamento ortodôntico para correção do posicionamento dentário e equilíbrio dental antes de se submeter à cirurgia para instalação de implantes. O tratamento ortodôntico também favoreceu a obtenção de espaço apropriado para instalação das coroas dos incisivos laterais. Posteriormente, implantes cônicos com plataforma protética tipo cone morse foram instalados e pilares selecionados. Laminados cerâmicos foram planejados para os incisivos centrais com objetivo de se promover um resultado final mais harmônico e estético. As coroas em cerâmica pura e laminados foram confeccionados com cerâmica a base de dissilicato de lítio (e.Max Press). A associação multidisciplinar entre tratamento ortodôntico, implantes e próteses sobre implantes resultou no sucesso funcional e estético da reabilitação do presente caso com acompanhamento clínico de uma ano.

Implantes Dentários , Osseointegração , Perda de Dente , Facetas Dentárias , Estética Dentária , Anodontia
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 31(2): 648-656, mar./abr. 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-964122


The aim of this study was to analyze the biomechanical behavior of lower premolars regarding the non-carious cervical lesion (NCCL) depth, load type and restoration status, using finite element analysis. Twodimensional virtual model simulating a healthy lower premolar were created using the CAD software. Based on this image, five models were generated: healthy (H), three types of NCCLs: small lesion (SL ­ 0.5 mm deep), medium lesion (ML ­ 1.0 mm), deep lesion (DL ­ 1.5 mm), and restored lesion (RL). The models were export to a CAE software (ANSYS Finite Element Analysis Software), the areas of all structures were plotted and each model was meshed using a control mesh device. All of the virtual models were subjected to two occlusal load types, (100N each): occlusal load (OL) and buccal load (BL) on buccal cusp. The magnitude and the stress distribution were obtained using the von Mises and maximum principal stress criteria (1), in MPa. The quantitative analysis of stress (MPa) was identified at three points of the NCCLs: enamel surface on its upper wall , dentin at the bottom wall and dentin on the lower wall. The results showed a direct relation between sequential removal of cervical structure and higher stress concentration for any groups and for both loads types. For OL the highest value of stress was 8.8 MPa for DL on upper wall of NCCLs.The BL exhibited higher stress values in comparison to the OL for all models.In addtion, the BL was responsible for providing the highest stress accumulation on the bottom wall, 38.2 MPa for DL. The restoration with composite resin was able to restore a stress distribution close to the healthy model, for both load types. In conclusion, the extent of non-carious cervical lesion and loading conditions influenced the stress distribution pattern of lower premolar. The outer load seems to be more critical in affecting the biomechanical behavior of lower premolars, regardless of the lesion size. The restoration of NCCLs with composite resin appears to recover the biomechanical behavior, similar to healthy model.

O objetivo desse estudo foi analisar o comportamento biomecânico de pré-molares inferiores em relação a profundidade da lesão cervical não cariosa (LCNC), tipo de carregamento e condição da restauração, utilizando a análise por elementos finitos. Modelo virtual bidimensional simulando um pré molar inferior hígido foi criado utizando o software de CAD.A partir dessa imagem, cinco modelos foram gerados: hígido (H), três tipos de LCNCs-lesão rasa (SL-0.5 mm de profundidade), lesão média (ML-1.0mm), lesão profunda (DL-1.5mm), e lesão restaurada (RL). Os modelos foram exportados para o software de CAE (ANSYS Software de Análise por Elementos Finitos), as áreas de todas as estruturas foram plotadas e cada modelo foi malhado utilizando um dispositivo controle de malha.Todos os modelos virtuais foram submetidos a dois tipos de carregamento oclusal (100N cada): carregamento oclusal (OL) e carregamento externo (BL) na cúspide vestibular. A intensidade e a distribuição das tensões foram obtidas utilizando os critérios de von Mises e tensão máxima principal (1),em Mpa. A análise quantitativa das tensões (MPa) foi identificada em três pontos das LCNCs: parede superior em esmalte, parede de fundo em dentina e parede inferior em dentina. Os resultados apresentaram uma relação direta entre a remoção sequencial de estrutura na região cervical e os maiores valores de concentração de tensões para todos os grupos e para os dois tipos de carga. Para OL, o maior valor de tensão foi 8.8 MPa para DL na parede superior da LCNCs. O BL exibiu maiores valores de tensão em comparação ao OL para todos os modelos. Além disso, BL foi responsável por promover o maior acúmulo de tensão na parede de fundo, 38.2 MPa para DL. A restauração com resina composta foi capaz de restaurar uma distribuição de tensões similar a do modelo hígido, para ambos os tipos de carga. Em conclusão, a extensão da lesão e o tipo de carregamento influenciaram no padrão de distribuição de tensões de pré-molares inferiores. A carga externa parece ser mais crítica para afetar o comportamento biomecânico de pré-molares inferiores, independente do tamanho da lesão. A restauração das LCNCs com resina composta, parece recuperar o comportamento biomecânico similar ao do modelo hígido.

Dente Pré-Molar , Resinas Compostas , Análise de Elementos Finitos
Perionews ; 9(1): 57-61, jan.-fev. 2015. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-759656


A estética tem sido um fator indispensável, tanto no direcionamento quanto no desenvolvimento da Odontologia, assim como na Implantodontia. Além da boa qualidade e anatomia da prótese que substituirá o dente perdido, a aparência saudável e harmônica do tecido peri-implantar é preponderante no tratamento reabilitador final. A estratégia de substituição de dentes anteriores com próteses sobre implantes pode envolver procedimentos multidisciplinares. As técnicas cirúrgicas de plástica peri-implantar são amplamente aplicadas com previsibilidade naquelas situações clínicas que demandam volume, forma e qualidade dos tecidos moles ao redor dos implantes. Sob esse ponto de vista, o enxerto de tecido conjuntivo subepitelial tem sido empregado com alto índice de sucesso, para obtenção de estética, função e saúde da mucosa peri-implantar.

Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Tecido Conjuntivo , Prótese Dentária , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Estética Dentária , Reabilitação Bucal , Próteses e Implantes
ImplantNews ; 12(1): 49-59, 2015. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-749376


O presente caso clínico relata a perda de um implante devido à peri-implantite, cuja ocorrência foi favorecida pelo mau posicionamento do mesmo. Dessa forma, a coroa e o implante foram removidos, por ausência de possibilidade de outro tratamento mais conservador. Com o auxílio de técnicas cirúrgicas de enxerto ósseo (autógeno e xenógeno), enxerto gengival (conjuntivo subepitelial), tratamento ortodôntico e confecção de novas próteses, a saúde e a estética da paciente foram restabelecidas. Para a substituição, foi utilizado um implante cone-morse, amplamente utilizado em áreas estéticas atualmente. O tratamento durou 18 meses, atingindo as expectativas da paciente. Concluiu-se que a abordagem multidisciplinar e a comunicação entre os profissionais são essenciais para o sucesso do tratamento, uma vez que a instalação de implantes, sem planejamento protético minucioso, pode resultar em uma quantidade inumerável de problemas e complicações, no que diz respeito aos resultados cirúrgicos e protéticos esperados.

This case reports on the loss of a dental implant due to peri-implantitis favored by its malpositioning. In this way, the defi nitive crown and implant were removed because a more conservative treatment was not possible. With the aid of surgical techniques as bone grafting (autogenous and xenogeneic), gingival grafts (subepithelial connective tissue), orthodontic treatment and fabrication of new prostheses, the health and esthetic aspects were retrieved. A new dental implant (Cone Morse type) was inserted as advocated for esthetic regions. After 18 months, patient expectations were achieved. It can be concluded that a multidisciplinary approach and communication among different specialists are fundamental for a successful treatment once incorrect implant placement can generate a myriad of problems and complications regarding the surgical and prosthetic expected outcomes.

Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Implantes Dentários , Estética Dentária , Peri-Implantite