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1.
Phlebology ; : 268355520964293, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030404

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of sclerosing agents injected in dorsal veins of rabbit ears. METHODS: Sixty ears of 30 rabbits were randomly allocated in: 1% liquid polidocanol, 1% polidocanol foam, 0.2% polidocanol-glucose 70% solution, glucose 75% or 0.9% saline. Outcomes included efficacy (luminal occlusion), complications (phlebitis, neovascularization, ulceration at the puncture site, necrosis and local inflammation) and histology (sclerosis, recanalization vein and surrounding tissues inflammation, blood extravasation, recanalization, lymphangiogenesis, destruction of cartilage and neoangiogenesis). RESULTS: Sclerosis was superior in Foam Group (76.9%), but also with 30.7% necrosis (p = 0.003), 46.15% ulceration (p = 0.003), and 69.2% local inflammation (p < 0.0001). Neovascularization were similar. Histology showed 38.5% phlebitis (p = 0.004) and necrosis (p = 0.03) in the foam group. CONCLUSIONS: Sclerosis with foam and liquid polidocanol were superior to the other groups, but specially polidocanol foam at the expense of greater frequency of adverse events.

2.
Vascular ; : 1708538120954961, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019914

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has made a significant impact on all spheres of society. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of COVID-19 on the practices, finances, and social aspects of Brazilian vascular surgeons' lives. METHODS: This is a descriptive analysis of the responses from Brazilian vascular surgeons to the cross-sectional anonymous Society for Vascular Surgery Wellness Task Force Pandemic Practice, Anxiety, Coping, and Support Survey for Vascular Surgeons disseminated 14-24 April 2020. Survey dissemination in Brazil occurred mainly via the Brazilian Society of Angiology and Vascular Surgery (SBACV) and social media. The survey evaluated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on vascular surgeons' lives by assessing COVID-19-related stressors, anxiety using theGeneral Anxiety Disorder (GAD)-7 scale, and coping strategies using the Brief Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced (Brief-COPE) inventory. RESULTS: A total of 452 responses were recorded from Brazil, with 335 (74%) respondents completing the entire survey. The majority of respondents were males (N = 301, 67%) and practiced in an urban hospitals. The majority of respondents considered themselves at high risk to be infected with COVID-19 (N = 251, 55.8%), and just over half the respondents noted that they had adequate PPE at their primary hospital (N = 171, 54%). One hundred and nine (35%) surgeons confirmed that their hospitals followed professional surgical society guidelines for prioritizing surgeries during the pandemic. At the time of the survey, only 33 (10%) surgeons stated they have pre-operative testing of patients for COVID-19 available at their hospital. Academic vascular surgeons reported being redeployed more often to help with other non-vascular duties compared to community-based or solo practitioners (43% vs. 30% vs. 21% respectively, P = .01). Severe anxiety due to pandemic-related financial concerns was similar in those surgeons practicing solo compared to those in community- or academic-based/group practice (46% vs. 38% vs. 22%; P = .54). The respondents reported their anxiety levels as mild based on the stressors investigated instead of moderate-severe (54% vs. 46%; P = .04). Social media was utilized heavily during the pandemic, with video gatherings being the most commonly used tool (76%). Self-distraction (60%) and situational acceptance (81%) were the most frequently reported coping mechanisms used among Brazilian vascular surgeons. CONCLUSION: The COVID pandemic has greatly affected healthcare providers around the world. At the time of this survey, Brazilian vascular surgeons are reporting low anxiety levels during this time and are using mostly active coping mechanisms.

4.
Am Heart J ; 227: 100-106, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: New antithrombotic strategies that reduce primary thrombosis and restenosis might improve vascular outcomes in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) undergoing arterial angioplasty. The study objective is to evaluate the potential benefit of apixaban plus aspirin compared with standard of care dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in reducing thrombotic restenosis and artery re-occlusion in patients undergoing endovascular infrapopliteal revascularization. STUDY DESIGN: This multicenter, parallel-group, prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded-endpoint adjudication, proof-of-concept, exploratory trial aims to randomize 200 patients 72 hours after successful infrapopliteal angioplasty for critical limb ischemia (CLI). Patients will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive oral apixaban (2.5 mg twice daily) plus aspirin (100 mg once daily) for 12 months or clopidogrel (75 mg daily) for at least 3 months on a background of aspirin (100 mg once daily) for 12 months. The primary endpoint is the composite of target lesion revascularization (TLR), major amputation, or restenosis/occlusion (RAS) in addition to major adverse cardiovascular events - MACE (myocardial infarction, stroke or cardiovascular death) at 12 months. The primary safety endpoint is the composite of major bleeding or clinically relevant non-major bleeding at 12 months. SUMMARY: This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of apixaban 2.5 mg twice daily plus aspirin compared with DAPT (clopidogrel plus aspirin) in patients with CLI undergoing endovascular infrapopliteal revascularization and might prove the concept of an alternative antithrombotic regimen for these patients to be tested in a future large randomized clinical trial.


Assuntos
Angioplastia , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Isquemia/cirurgia , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Angioplastia/métodos , Estado Terminal , Inibidores do Fator Xa , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Artéria Poplítea , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
Phlebology ; 35(10): 784-791, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32659162

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effect of graduated compression stockings on the venous reflux in the lower limbs of pregnant women. METHOD: A controlled randomized clinical trial was performed with sixty women: intervention group (n = 30), who used compression stockings, and control group (n = 30). Using duplex-ultrasound, the reflux time and peak reflux velocity in the great saphenous vein and small saphenous vein were analyzed. RESULTS: Great saphenous vein reflux times in the intervention group were 0.13 s at the beginning (initial) and 0.04 s at the end of pregnancy (final) in the right leg and 0.02 s and 0.34 s (p < 0.0001) in the control group. No patient in the intervention group experienced pathological reflux at the end of the pregnancy. There was a significant difference in the reflux time measured from both the great saphenous vein and small saphenous vein and peak reflux velocity between the groups. CONCLUSION: Compression stockings prevent increased venous reflux in lower limbs of pregnant women.

6.
J Vasc Bras ; 19: e20190025, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32499823

RESUMO

Background: Aortic cross-clamping and balloon occlusion of the aorta could lead to damage to the aorta wall. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate changes to the aorta wall related to the method used to interrupt flow (clamping or balloon) in the different techniques available for aortic surgery. Methods: Experiments were performed on 40 female pigs, weighing 25-30kg, which were randomly allocated to 4 study groups: S (n=10), no intervention (sham group); C (n=10), midline transperitoneal laparotomy for infrarenal abdominal aortic access with 60 min of cross-clamping; L (n=10), laparoscopic infrarenal abdominal aortic surgery with 60 min of cross-clamping; EV (n=10), remote proximal aortic control with transfemoral arterial insertion of aortic occlusion balloon catheter, inflated to provide continued aortic occlusion for 60min. After euthanasia, the aortas were removed and cross-sectioned to obtain histological specimens for light microscopic and morphometric analyses. The remaining longitudinal segments were stretched to rupture and mechanical parameters were determined. Results: We observed a reduction in the yield point of the abdominal aorta, decrease in stiffness and in failure load in the aortic cross-clamping groups (C and L) compared with the EV group. Conclusions: Aortic cross-clamping during open or laparoscopic surgery can affect the mechanical properties of the aorta leading to decrease in resistance of the aorta wall, without structural changes in aorta wall histology.

7.
Ultrasound J ; 12(1): 6, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048064

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The presence of microembolic signals (MES) during the acute phase of stroke is poorly understood, and its role and clinical application in relation to risk stratification and prognosis in patients remain uncertain. We assessed the prevalence of spontaneous MES in acute stroke and their relationship with risk stratification, stroke recurrence, morbidity, and mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study conducted in the Stroke Unit. The MES presence was evaluated by transcranial Doppler (TCD) in patients with ischemic stroke within 48 h. The outcomes (risk stratification, morbidity, mortality, and recurrence of a stroke) were followed up for 6 months. The relationship between risk stratification and MES was obtained by odds ratios and that between MES and stroke recurrence, morbidity, and mortality using multiple logistic regression; considering statistical significance at P < 0.05. RESULTS: Of the 111 patients studied, 70 were men (63.1%) and 90 were white (81.1%), with a median age of 68 years. The MES frequency was 7%. There was a significant relationship between MES and symptomatic carotid disease (OR = 22.7; 95% CI 4.1-125.7; P < 0.001), a shorter time to monitoring (OR = 12.4; 95% CI 1.4-105.4; P = 0.02), and stroke recurrence (OR = 16.83; 95% CI 2.01-141; P = .009). DISCUSSION: It was observed that the stroke recurrence adjusted for prior stroke was higher and earlier among patients with MES detection. In conclusion, MES demonstrated a significant correlation with symptomatic carotid disease and a shorter DELAY until monitoring, and could be a predictor for the early recurrence of stroke in the long term.

10.
J. vasc. bras ; 19: e20200031, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1135121

RESUMO

Resumo Contexto As oclusões arteriais agudas (OAA) de membros vêm crescendo paralelemente com a longevidade da população. Objetivos O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar fatores de risco, salvamento de membros e sobrevida dos pacientes com OAA tratados em instituição universitária. Métodos Este é um estudo coorte retrospectivo de pacientes consecutivos. Os desfechos incluíram: sucesso técnico, sintomas, comorbidades, categoria Rutherford, artérias acometidas, complicações pós-operatórias, taxa de salvamento de membros em 30 dias e óbitos. Resultados Avaliou-se 105 prontuários, havendo predomínio do sexo masculino (65,7%) e idade entre 46 a 91 anos. As etiologias identificadas foram trombóticas (54,3%), embólicas (35,2%) e indefinidas (10,5%). Cerca de dois terços apresentavam-se nas Categorias II e III de Rutherford. Os sintomas associados encontrados foram dor (97,1%), esfriamento (89,5%), palidez (64,7%), parestesias (44,7%), paralisias (30,5%), anestesias (21,9%), edema (21,9%) e cianose (15,2%); e as comorbidades associadas observadas foram hipertensão (65,0%), tabagismo (59,0%), arritmias (26,6%), dislipidemias (24,0%) e diabetes (23,8%). O segmento femoral superficial-poplíteo-distal foi o mais acometido (80%). A tromboembolectomia com cateter Fogarty foi realizada em 73,3% dos casos (81,0% nas embolias, 71,9% nas tromboses e 54,5% nos indefinidos), sendo isoladamente em 41 pacientes (39,05%), nos quais ocorreram 11 reoclusões, 20 amputações e 14 óbitos. A reoclusão arterial foi mais frequente nas tromboses (12,9%; p = 0,054). Até 30 dias após tratamento, o óbito total foi de 14,6% e a amputação maior foi de 19,8%, sendo menos frequente na Classe I Rutherford (p = 0,0179). Conclusão O tratamento da OAA feito prioritariamente por meio de tromboembolectomia com cateter Fogarty, isolado e/ou associado, proporcionou taxas de amputação e complicações compatíveis com as apresentadas na literatura e progressivamente menores nas categorias Rutherford menos avançadas.


Abstract Background Acute arterial occlusions (AAO) in limbs have been increasing in parallel with population longevity. Objective To assess risk factors, limb salvage rates, and survival of patients with AAO treated at a University Hospital. Methods Retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients. Outcomes included: patency, symptoms, comorbidities, Rutherford category, arteries occluded, postoperative complications, and 30-day limb salvage and mortality rates. Results Medical records were evaluated from 105 patients, predominantly males (65.7%), with ages ranging from 46 to 91 years. Etiology: thrombotic (54.3%), embolic (35.2%), and undefined (10.5%). About 2/3 of the patients were assessed as Rutherford category II or III. Associated symptoms: pain (97.1%), coldness (89.5%), pallor (64.7%), sensory loss (44.7%), paralysis (30.5%), anesthesia (21.9%), edema (21.9%), and cyanosis (15.2%). Associated comorbidities: hypertension (65.0%), smoking (59.0%), arrhythmias (26.6%), dyslipidemia (24.0%), and diabetes (23.8%). The distal superficial femoral-popliteal segment was the most affected (80%). Thromboembolectomy with a Fogarty catheter was performed in 73.3% of cases (81.0% of embolic cases, 71.9% of thrombotic cases, and 54.5% of cases with undefined etiology) and was the only treatment used in 41 cases (39.05%), among which there were 11 reocclusion, 20 amputations, and 14 deaths. Arterial reocclusion was more frequent in thrombosis cases (12.9%, p = 0.054). Within 30 days of treatment, total mortality was 14.6%, and 19.8% of cases underwent major amputation, which was less frequent among Rutherford Class I patients (p = 0.0179). Conclusion Treatment of AAO was primarily performed by thromboembolectomy with a Fogarty catheter, either alone or in combination with other treatments, achieving amputation and complication rates compatible with the best results in the literature and were progressively lower in less advanced Rutherford categories.

11.
J. vasc. bras ; 19: e20190136, 2020. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091011

RESUMO

Resumo A síndrome da fístula artério-portal (FAP) é uma rara e reversível causa de hipertensão portal pré-sinusoidal, ocasionada pela comunicação de uma artéria visceral com o sistema venoso portal. A maioria dos pacientes é assintomática, mas quando desenvolvem sintomas, estes são mais relacionados com sangramento gastrointestinal, ascite, insuficiência cardíaca congestiva e diarreia. Este desafio terapêutico apresenta um caso de FAP decorrente de ferimento antigo por arma branca e subsequente evolução clínica desfavorável, com grave desnutrição e frequentes hemorragias digestivas. O caso foi solucionado através de oclusão da FAP por meio de tratamento endovascular.


Abstract The arterioportal fistula (APF) syndrome is a rare and reversible cause of pre-sinusoidal portal hypertension, caused by communication between a visceral artery and the portal venous system. Most patients are asymptomatic, but when they do develop symptoms, these are mainly related to gastrointestinal bleeding, ascites, congestive heart failure, and diarrhea. This therapeutic challenge presents a case of APF caused by a 20-year-old stabbing injury with unfavorable late clinical evolution, including significant malnutrition and severe digestive hemorrhages. The patient was treated using an endovascular procedure to occlude of the fistula.

12.
J. vasc. bras ; 19: e20190025, 2020. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091016

RESUMO

Resumo Contexto O clampeamento aórtico e a oclusão da aorta com balão poderiam levar a lesões na parede aórtica. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar as alterações da parede aórtica relacionadas ao método de interrupção de fluxo (cample ou balão) em diferentes técnicas disponíveis para cirurgia de aorta. Métodos Os experimentos foram realizados em 40 porcos fêmeas pesando de 25-30 kg, alocados para quatro grupos: S (n = 10), nenhuma intervenção (sham); C (n = 10), laparotomia mediana transperitoneal para acesso à aorta abdominal infrarrenal com tempo de clampeamento de 60 minutos; L (n = 10), cirurgia laparoscópica da aorta abdominal infrarrenal com tempo de clampeamento de 60 minutos; EV (n = 10), controle aórtico proximal com inserção de cateter-balão para oclusão aórtica por acesso femoral, inflado a fim de promover oclusão aórtica contínua por 60 minutos. Após a eutanásia, as aortas foram removidas e seccionadas para obtenção de espécimes histológicos destinados a análises morfométricas e por microscopia de luz. Os fragmentos longitudinais restantes foram estirados até a ruptura, e determinaram-se padrões mecânicos. Resultados Observou-se redução do limite de proporcionalidade da aorta abdominal, diminuição da rigidez e da carga de ruptura nos grupos submetidos a campleamento aórtico (C e L) em comparação ao grupo EV. Conclusões O campleamento aórtico durante cirurgia aberta ou laparoscópica pode afetar as propriedades mecânicas da aorta, ocasionando redução de resistência da parede aórtica sem desencadear alterações na estrutura histológica da parede aórtica.


Abstract Background Aortic cross-clamping and balloon occlusion of the aorta could lead to damage to the aorta wall. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate changes to the aorta wall related to the method used to interrupt flow (clamping or balloon) in the different techniques available for aortic surgery. Methods Experiments were performed on 40 female pigs, weighing 25-30kg, which were randomly allocated to 4 study groups: S (n=10), no intervention (sham group); C (n=10), midline transperitoneal laparotomy for infrarenal abdominal aortic access with 60 min of cross-clamping; L (n=10), laparoscopic infrarenal abdominal aortic surgery with 60 min of cross-clamping; EV (n=10), remote proximal aortic control with transfemoral arterial insertion of aortic occlusion balloon catheter, inflated to provide continued aortic occlusion for 60min. After euthanasia, the aortas were removed and cross-sectioned to obtain histological specimens for light microscopic and morphometric analyses. The remaining longitudinal segments were stretched to rupture and mechanical parameters were determined. Results We observed a reduction in the yield point of the abdominal aorta, decrease in stiffness and in failure load in the aortic cross-clamping groups (C and L) compared with the EV group. Conclusions Aortic cross-clamping during open or laparoscopic surgery can affect the mechanical properties of the aorta leading to decrease in resistance of the aorta wall, without structural changes in aorta wall histology.

13.
J Vasc Bras ; 18: e20180105, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807127

RESUMO

Superficial venous thrombosis (SVT) or superficial thrombophlebitis is characterized by thrombi within superficial veins, with partial involvement or occlusion of the lumen and inflammatory reaction along the course of the vein. Clinical diagnosis tends to be straightforward, but supplementary tests and examinations are needed to confirm thrombosis extension and possible thromboembolic complications. SVT can be associated with deep venous thrombosis in 6 to 40% of cases, with asymptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE) in 20 to 33%, and with symptomatic PE in 2 to 13%. Despite the morbidity and complications, there are currently no Brazilian guidelines for SVT. These guidelines cover the most important issues related to SVT definition, terminology, and etiology, and set out recommendations for diagnosis and treatment.

14.
J Vasc Bras ; 18: e20180040, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236100

RESUMO

Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a silent and potentially lethal disease that affects a considerable proportion of hospitalized patients. It has high morbidity and mortality and is responsible for a heavy financial burden on healthcare systems. However, VTE can be prevented using prophylaxis measures that have been established in the literature. Nonetheless, in the real world, mean rates of appropriately administered VTE prophylaxis are lower than 50%. Objectives: To define the epidemiological profile of patients with VTE in a University Hospital and the rate of appropriately administered VTE prophylaxis at that service and to identify measures to improve the rate. Methods: A cross-sectional, observational study was conducted with data collected from the medical records of patients who met the inclusion criteria. The rates of correct VTE prophylaxis prescribed to clinical and surgical patients were compared, assessed according to guidelines published by the Brazilian Society of Angiology and Vascular Surgery (SBACV), based on VTE risk classification. Results: The overall rate of correctly-prescribed VTE prophylaxis was 42.1%, while 57.9% of patients were not managed correctly in this respect. Clinical patients had a 52.9% rate of appropriate prophylaxis, while the equivalent rate for surgical patients was 37.5%. Conclusions: Rates of correctly-prescribed VTE prophylaxis are still lower than they should be. Ongoing education, measures to encourage bedside risk stratification, and improvements to the electronic prescription system could increase appropriate VTE prophylaxis rates.

15.
J. vasc. bras ; 18: e20180040, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-990123

RESUMO

O tromboembolismo venoso (TEV) é uma doença silenciosa e potencialmente letal que acomete parcela importante dos pacientes hospitalizados. Com alta morbimortalidade e elevado custo financeiro para o sistema de saúde, o TEV pode ser prevenido com uso da profilaxia, já estabelecida pela literatura. No mundo real, a profilaxia para TEV possui média de adequação inferior a 50%. Objetivos Definir o perfil epidemiológico do doente com TEV em um hospital universitário e a taxa de adequação da profilaxia para TEV no referido serviço, além de determinar meios para melhorá-la. Métodos Estudo transversal observacional realizado pela coleta de dados no prontuário médico dos pacientes que preencheram critérios de inclusão. Comparou-se a taxa de adequação da profilaxia para TEV prescrita para pacientes clínicos e cirúrgicos, segundo diretrizes da Sociedade Brasileira de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular (SBACV), de acordo com sua classificação de risco para TEV. Resultados A taxa global de adequação das prescrições de profilaxia para TEV foi de 42,1% versus 57,9% de inadequação. Pacientes clínicos obtiveram taxa de adequação de 52,9%, enquanto pacientes cirúrgicos obtiveram taxa de adequação de 37,5%. Conclusões As taxas de prescrição adequada para profilaxia para TEV ainda se encontram aquém do esperado. Educação continuada, estímulo à aplicação da estratificação de risco à beira do leito e adequações no sistema de prescrição eletrônica podem aumentar as taxas de prescrição adequada para profilaxia de TEV


Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a silent and potentially lethal disease that affects a considerable proportion of hospitalized patients. It has high morbidity and mortality and is responsible for a heavy financial burden on healthcare systems. However, VTE can be prevented using prophylaxis measures that have been established in the literature. Nonetheless, in the real world, mean rates of appropriately administered VTE prophylaxis are lower than 50%. Objectives To define the epidemiological profile of patients with VTE in a University Hospital and the rate of appropriately administered VTE prophylaxis at that service and to identify measures to improve the rate. Methods A cross-sectional, observational study was conducted with data collected from the medical records of patients who met the inclusion criteria. The rates of correct VTE prophylaxis prescribed to clinical and surgical patients were compared, assessed according to guidelines published by the Brazilian Society of Angiology and Vascular Surgery (SBACV), based on VTE risk classification. Results The overall rate of correctly-prescribed VTE prophylaxis was 42.1%, while 57.9% of patients were not managed correctly in this respect. Clinical patients had a 52.9% rate of appropriate prophylaxis, while the equivalent rate for surgical patients was 37.5%. Conclusions Rates of correctly-prescribed VTE prophylaxis are still lower than they should be. Ongoing education, measures to encourage bedside risk stratification, and improvements to the electronic prescription system could increase appropriate VTE prophylaxis rates


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Prevenção de Doenças , Tromboembolia Venosa/diagnóstico , Hospitais Universitários , Trombose , Perfil de Saúde , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Trombose Venosa , Embolia , Infarto do Miocárdio
16.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(4)out.-dez. 2018. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-969128

RESUMO

A number of limitations of standard therapy with warfarin for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) have been established. This overview of systematic reviews presents the baseline results for efficacy and safety of the new direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) thrombin inhibitors, and activated factor X (Xa) inhibitors in patients with DVT. Searches were run on PubMed and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Twenty-three studies were retrieved, and one systematic review was judged eligible. This review scored maximum according to AMSTAR criteria and included 7,596 patients for analysis of thrombin inhibitors and 16,356 patients for analysis of factor Xa inhibitors. The results of the meta-analysis indicate that DOACs are similar for DVT treatment when compared to standard treatment with warfarin. The incidence of major bleeding is somewhat lower in patients treated with factor Xa inhibitors and similar to standard therapy when treated with direct thrombin inhibitors


A terapia padrão com varfarina para a trombose venosa profunda (TVP) tem uma série de limitações já estabelecidas. Essa revisão de revisões sistemáticas elenca os principais resultados de eficácia e segurança dos anticoagulantes orais diretos (DOACs), inibidores da trombina e do fator X ativado (Xa), em pacientes com TVP. A pesquisa foi realizada nas bases PubMed e Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Foram recuperados 23 estudos, e uma revisão sistemática foi considerada elegível. Essa revisão atingiu escore máximo no AMSTAR e incluiu 7.596 pacientes para análise dos inibidores da trombina e 16.356 pacientes para a análise dos inibidores do fator Xa. Os resultados da metanálise indicam que os DOACs apresentam eficácia similar à terapia padrão no tratamento da TVP. A incidência de sangramento maior é um pouco menor nos pacientes tratados com os inibidores do fator Xa e similar à terapia padrão no tratamento com inibidores diretos da trombina


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Revisão , Trombose Venosa/terapia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Varfarina/uso terapêutico , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Trombina , Fatores de Risco , Interações Medicamentosas , Tromboembolia Venosa/terapia , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Dabigatrana/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia
17.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(4): 353-357, out.-dez. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-969248

RESUMO

Pseudoaneurysms of gluteal arteries are rare, especially involving the inferior gluteal artery. They are mainly associated with penetrating trauma, infections, or pelvic fractures. A minority of cases are caused by blunt traumas, with only six cases reported in English. We present a case of pseudoaneurysm of the right inferior gluteal artery after a bicycle fall, presenting with a large hematoma in the gluteal region, observed during clinical examination, and significantly reduced hemoglobin. CT angiography revealed a large hematoma, with contrast extravasation and pseudoaneurysm formation. Angiography revealed that the origin of the lesion was in the right inferior gluteal artery. This artery was embolized with coils. After the procedure, the patient was referred to an intensive care unit, from where he was later transferred to a different hospital, with bleeding controlled. Endovascular treatment of these cases is a safe, fast and an effective option


Pseudoaneurismas de artérias glúteas são raros, especialmente os que envolvem a artéria glútea inferior. Eles estão associados principalmente a traumas penetrantes, infecções ou fraturas de pelve. Em uma minoria de casos, são causados por traumas fechados, havendo somente seis casos relatados na literatura. Apresenta-se aqui um caso de pseudoaneurisma da artéria glútea inferior direita após queda de bicicleta, evoluindo com grande hematoma na região glútea ao exame clínico e queda hematimétrica significativa. A angiotomografia revelou um grande hematoma na região glútea, com extravasamento de contraste e formação de pseudoaneurisma no local. A angiografia revelou que a origem da lesão era na artéria glútea inferior direita. Foi realizada embolização dessa artéria com molas. Após esse procedimento, o paciente foi encaminhado para a unidade de terapia intensiva, de onde foi posteriormente transferido para outro hospital, com o sangramento controlado. Para esses casos, o tratamento endovascular é uma opção segura, rápida e efetiva


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nádegas/irrigação sanguínea , Falso Aneurisma/complicações , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico , Angiografia/métodos , Acidentes de Trânsito , Ultrassonografia Doppler/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Hematoma
18.
Clin Biochem ; 61: 12-17, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30236831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early identification of asymptomatic postmenopausal women (PW), who are more predisposed to developing cardiovascular disease (CVD), is an important preventive strategy. Autophagy-related 16-like 1 (ATG16L1) is an autophagy gene known to control host immune responses and is associated with a variety of diseases, including CVD. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to associate the ATG16L1 polymorphism variant with subclinical carotid atherosclerosis in asymptomatic PW. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study included 210 Brazilian postmenopausal women (age ≥ 45 years with amenorrhea ≥12 months). Clinical, anthropometric and biochemical assessments were performed to evaluate the cardiovascular risk factors. DNA was extracted from buccal cells and the ATG16L1 (T300A) polymorphism was determined by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The carotid intima-media thickness and/or the presence of plaques were evaluated by carotid duplex ultrasound. For statistical analysis, the t-test, logistic regression and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were used. RESULTS: The presence of the polymorphic allele forATG16L1 (T300A) was found in 77.47% (A/G = 49.87%, G/G = 27.60%). The ATG16L1 (T300A) polymorphism is significantly associated with increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) after adjustments of the confounding variables (P < .037). No significant associations were observed between the polymorphism with other risk factors for CVD in PW. CONCLUSION: In postmenopausal women, the ATG16L1 (T300A) polymorphism is significantly associated with increased carotid IMT (marker of atherosclerotic disease) after adjustments of the confounding variables (P < .037). Thus, identifying the ATG16L1 polymorphism is an important strategy for screening asymptomatic PW who are more predisposed to developing CVD.


Assuntos
Doenças Assintomáticas , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo Genético , Pós-Menopausa , Idoso , Alelos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/metabolismo , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Fatores de Confusão Epidemiológicos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ambulatório Hospitalar , Fatores de Risco
20.
J Vasc Bras ; 17(4): 310-317, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30787949

RESUMO

A number of limitations of standard therapy with warfarin for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) have been established. This overview of systematic reviews presents the baseline results for efficacy and safety of the new direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) thrombin inhibitors, and activated factor X (Xa) inhibitors in patients with DVT. Searches were run on PubMed and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Twenty-three studies were retrieved, and one systematic review was judged eligible. This review scored maximum according to AMSTAR criteria and included 7,596 patients for analysis of thrombin inhibitors and 16,356 patients for analysis of factor Xa inhibitors. The results of the meta-analysis indicate that DOACs are similar for DVT treatment when compared to standard treatment with warfarin. The incidence of major bleeding is somewhat lower in patients treated with factor Xa inhibitors and similar to standard therapy when treated with direct thrombin inhibitors.

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