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1.
Phlebology ; : 268355519846740, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31042105

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of compression stockings in controlling the varicose veins in pregnant women. METHOD: A prospective controlled randomized clinical trial was performed, including 60 women: intervention group (n = 30), who used compression stockings, and control group (n = 30). Diameters of the great saphenous vein and small saphenous vein in the lower limbs of pregnant women in an orthostatic position were analyzed using Duplex-ultrasound. The symptomatology and CEAP were evaluated. RESULTS: Great saphenous vein diameters in the intervention group were 0.37 cm initial and 0.32 cm final (p < 0.0001) in the right leg and 0.28 cm and 0.38 cm (p < 0.0001) in the control group. CEAP classification presented worsening in the control group (p < 0.0001). The signs and symptoms in the control vs. intervention group: pain (86.67% vs. 23.33%; p < 0.0001), edema (70.00% vs. 33.33%; p = 0.0045), and leg heaviness (93.33% vs. 13.33%; p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Compression stockings were effective in controlling the varicose veins related to pregnancy.

2.
J. vasc. bras ; 18: e20180040, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-990123

RESUMO

O tromboembolismo venoso (TEV) é uma doença silenciosa e potencialmente letal que acomete parcela importante dos pacientes hospitalizados. Com alta morbimortalidade e elevado custo financeiro para o sistema de saúde, o TEV pode ser prevenido com uso da profilaxia, já estabelecida pela literatura. No mundo real, a profilaxia para TEV possui média de adequação inferior a 50%. Objetivos Definir o perfil epidemiológico do doente com TEV em um hospital universitário e a taxa de adequação da profilaxia para TEV no referido serviço, além de determinar meios para melhorá-la. Métodos Estudo transversal observacional realizado pela coleta de dados no prontuário médico dos pacientes que preencheram critérios de inclusão. Comparou-se a taxa de adequação da profilaxia para TEV prescrita para pacientes clínicos e cirúrgicos, segundo diretrizes da Sociedade Brasileira de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular (SBACV), de acordo com sua classificação de risco para TEV. Resultados A taxa global de adequação das prescrições de profilaxia para TEV foi de 42,1% versus 57,9% de inadequação. Pacientes clínicos obtiveram taxa de adequação de 52,9%, enquanto pacientes cirúrgicos obtiveram taxa de adequação de 37,5%. Conclusões As taxas de prescrição adequada para profilaxia para TEV ainda se encontram aquém do esperado. Educação continuada, estímulo à aplicação da estratificação de risco à beira do leito e adequações no sistema de prescrição eletrônica podem aumentar as taxas de prescrição adequada para profilaxia de TEV


Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a silent and potentially lethal disease that affects a considerable proportion of hospitalized patients. It has high morbidity and mortality and is responsible for a heavy financial burden on healthcare systems. However, VTE can be prevented using prophylaxis measures that have been established in the literature. Nonetheless, in the real world, mean rates of appropriately administered VTE prophylaxis are lower than 50%. Objectives To define the epidemiological profile of patients with VTE in a University Hospital and the rate of appropriately administered VTE prophylaxis at that service and to identify measures to improve the rate. Methods A cross-sectional, observational study was conducted with data collected from the medical records of patients who met the inclusion criteria. The rates of correct VTE prophylaxis prescribed to clinical and surgical patients were compared, assessed according to guidelines published by the Brazilian Society of Angiology and Vascular Surgery (SBACV), based on VTE risk classification. Results The overall rate of correctly-prescribed VTE prophylaxis was 42.1%, while 57.9% of patients were not managed correctly in this respect. Clinical patients had a 52.9% rate of appropriate prophylaxis, while the equivalent rate for surgical patients was 37.5%. Conclusions Rates of correctly-prescribed VTE prophylaxis are still lower than they should be. Ongoing education, measures to encourage bedside risk stratification, and improvements to the electronic prescription system could increase appropriate VTE prophylaxis rates


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Prevenção de Doenças , Tromboembolia Venosa/diagnóstico , Hospitais Universitários , Trombose , Perfil de Saúde , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Trombose Venosa , Embolia , Infarto do Miocárdio
3.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(4)out.-dez. 2018. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-969128

RESUMO

A number of limitations of standard therapy with warfarin for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) have been established. This overview of systematic reviews presents the baseline results for efficacy and safety of the new direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) thrombin inhibitors, and activated factor X (Xa) inhibitors in patients with DVT. Searches were run on PubMed and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Twenty-three studies were retrieved, and one systematic review was judged eligible. This review scored maximum according to AMSTAR criteria and included 7,596 patients for analysis of thrombin inhibitors and 16,356 patients for analysis of factor Xa inhibitors. The results of the meta-analysis indicate that DOACs are similar for DVT treatment when compared to standard treatment with warfarin. The incidence of major bleeding is somewhat lower in patients treated with factor Xa inhibitors and similar to standard therapy when treated with direct thrombin inhibitors


A terapia padrão com varfarina para a trombose venosa profunda (TVP) tem uma série de limitações já estabelecidas. Essa revisão de revisões sistemáticas elenca os principais resultados de eficácia e segurança dos anticoagulantes orais diretos (DOACs), inibidores da trombina e do fator X ativado (Xa), em pacientes com TVP. A pesquisa foi realizada nas bases PubMed e Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Foram recuperados 23 estudos, e uma revisão sistemática foi considerada elegível. Essa revisão atingiu escore máximo no AMSTAR e incluiu 7.596 pacientes para análise dos inibidores da trombina e 16.356 pacientes para a análise dos inibidores do fator Xa. Os resultados da metanálise indicam que os DOACs apresentam eficácia similar à terapia padrão no tratamento da TVP. A incidência de sangramento maior é um pouco menor nos pacientes tratados com os inibidores do fator Xa e similar à terapia padrão no tratamento com inibidores diretos da trombina


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Revisão , Trombose Venosa/terapia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Varfarina/uso terapêutico , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Trombina , Fatores de Risco , Interações de Medicamentos , Tromboembolia Venosa/terapia , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Dabigatrana/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia
4.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(4): 353-357, out.-dez. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-969248

RESUMO

Pseudoaneurysms of gluteal arteries are rare, especially involving the inferior gluteal artery. They are mainly associated with penetrating trauma, infections, or pelvic fractures. A minority of cases are caused by blunt traumas, with only six cases reported in English. We present a case of pseudoaneurysm of the right inferior gluteal artery after a bicycle fall, presenting with a large hematoma in the gluteal region, observed during clinical examination, and significantly reduced hemoglobin. CT angiography revealed a large hematoma, with contrast extravasation and pseudoaneurysm formation. Angiography revealed that the origin of the lesion was in the right inferior gluteal artery. This artery was embolized with coils. After the procedure, the patient was referred to an intensive care unit, from where he was later transferred to a different hospital, with bleeding controlled. Endovascular treatment of these cases is a safe, fast and an effective option


Pseudoaneurismas de artérias glúteas são raros, especialmente os que envolvem a artéria glútea inferior. Eles estão associados principalmente a traumas penetrantes, infecções ou fraturas de pelve. Em uma minoria de casos, são causados por traumas fechados, havendo somente seis casos relatados na literatura. Apresenta-se aqui um caso de pseudoaneurisma da artéria glútea inferior direita após queda de bicicleta, evoluindo com grande hematoma na região glútea ao exame clínico e queda hematimétrica significativa. A angiotomografia revelou um grande hematoma na região glútea, com extravasamento de contraste e formação de pseudoaneurisma no local. A angiografia revelou que a origem da lesão era na artéria glútea inferior direita. Foi realizada embolização dessa artéria com molas. Após esse procedimento, o paciente foi encaminhado para a unidade de terapia intensiva, de onde foi posteriormente transferido para outro hospital, com o sangramento controlado. Para esses casos, o tratamento endovascular é uma opção segura, rápida e efetiva


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nádegas/irrigação sanguínea , Falso Aneurisma/complicações , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico , Angiografia/métodos , Acidentes de Trânsito , Ultrassonografia Doppler/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Hematoma
5.
Clin Biochem ; 61: 12-17, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30236831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early identification of asymptomatic postmenopausal women (PW), who are more predisposed to developing cardiovascular disease (CVD), is an important preventive strategy. Autophagy-related 16-like 1 (ATG16L1) is an autophagy gene known to control host immune responses and is associated with a variety of diseases, including CVD. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to associate the ATG16L1 polymorphism variant with subclinical carotid atherosclerosis in asymptomatic PW. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study included 210 Brazilian postmenopausal women (age ≥ 45 years with amenorrhea ≥12 months). Clinical, anthropometric and biochemical assessments were performed to evaluate the cardiovascular risk factors. DNA was extracted from buccal cells and the ATG16L1 (T300A) polymorphism was determined by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The carotid intima-media thickness and/or the presence of plaques were evaluated by carotid duplex ultrasound. For statistical analysis, the t-test, logistic regression and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were used. RESULTS: The presence of the polymorphic allele forATG16L1 (T300A) was found in 77.47% (A/G = 49.87%, G/G = 27.60%). The ATG16L1 (T300A) polymorphism is significantly associated with increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) after adjustments of the confounding variables (P < .037). No significant associations were observed between the polymorphism with other risk factors for CVD in PW. CONCLUSION: In postmenopausal women, the ATG16L1 (T300A) polymorphism is significantly associated with increased carotid IMT (marker of atherosclerotic disease) after adjustments of the confounding variables (P < .037). Thus, identifying the ATG16L1 polymorphism is an important strategy for screening asymptomatic PW who are more predisposed to developing CVD.


Assuntos
Doenças Assintomáticas , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo Genético , Pós-Menopausa , Idoso , Alelos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/metabolismo , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Fatores de Confusão (Epidemiologia) , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ambulatório Hospitalar , Fatores de Risco
7.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 46: 218-225, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28689936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Amputations of lower limbs can be conducted as one-stage amputation (OSA) or staged amputation (SA) procedures. The objective of this study was to analyze technical success and mortality rates of both techniques, as well as factors that might influence outcomes in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). METHODS: A retrospective study of 185 consecutive patients with CLI who underwent amputations in the period 2004-2011. Primary end points were rates of technical success (healing without dehiscence or reintervention) and mortality. The influence on outcomes of demographic data, clinical status, and comorbidities was also analyzed by logistic regression. RESULTS: A total of 101 SA (91 patients) and 106 OSA (94 patients) were analyzed. SA had proportionally higher success rate (SA 77.2% vs. OSA 66.0%, P = 0.0253), lower perioperative mortality rate (SA, 10.9% vs. OSA, 20.7%, P = 0.0247), and lower 30-day mortality rate (SA, 12.2% vs. OSA, 23.8%, P = 0.0220) in spite of more cases with Rutherford classes 5 and 6 (SA, 87.1% vs. OSA, 72.6%, P = 0.0047), diabetes (71.2% vs. 55.6%, P = 0.0076), and infection (44.5% vs. 28.3%, P = 0.0061). Logistic regression demonstrated that in SA, success was more frequent in patients with diabetes who did not use insulin (P = 0.0072), in those with transfemoral amputations (P = 0.0392), with no coronary artery disease (P = 0.0053), and in foot infection (P = 0.0446), while for OSA success was more frequent in nondiabetic patients (P = 0.0077), limbs without infection (P = 0.0298), amputations at foot level (P = 0.0155), or transfemoral amputations (P = 0.0030). CONCLUSIONS: SA had a higher rate of technical success and lower mortality rates than OSA, even with greater number of patients with diabetes and more severe cases of ischemia and infection. However, prospective studies comparing both techniques are needed for further evidence.


Assuntos
Amputação/métodos , Pé Diabético/cirurgia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Infecção dos Ferimentos/cirurgia , Idoso , Amputação/efeitos adversos , Amputação/mortalidade , Comorbidade , Estado Terminal , Pé Diabético/diagnóstico , Pé Diabético/mortalidade , Pé Diabético/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/mortalidade , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização , Infecção dos Ferimentos/diagnóstico , Infecção dos Ferimentos/mortalidade , Infecção dos Ferimentos/fisiopatologia
8.
Acta Cir Bras ; 32(9): 706-711, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29019588

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the ultrastructural characteristics and analysis of residual DNA in scaffold models, produced with decellularized vena cava in an experimental model with rabbits. METHODS: Three groups were created for ultrastructural and residual DNA analysis: group 1 - control, consisting of samples of vena cava in natura; group 2 - SD, consisting of vein fragments submitted to 2% sodium deoxycholate decellularization by shaking (160rpm - Shaker News Brunswick Scientific®) for 1 hour at controlled temperature shaker at 37°C; group 3 - SDS, consisting of vein fragments submitted to 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate decellularization under the same previous condition, for 2 hours. RESULTS: The ultrastructural matrix of the blood vessel maintained its vintegrity after either decellularization models. The results of the two quantification methods demonstrated a significant decrease in the DNA content of the decellularized vena cava samples as compared to the control samples and, differed statistically from each other, p <0.05. CONCLUSION: The 2% DS protocol for vein decellularization, in this experimental model, was considered the best protocol because it presented less amount of residual DNA without causing substantial destruction of the extracellular matrix.


Assuntos
DNA/ultraestrutura , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte , Veias Cavas/ultraestrutura , Animais , Feminino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Coelhos
9.
JAMA Dermatol ; 153(12): 1249-1255, 2017 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28973414

RESUMO

Importance: Reticular veins are subdermal veins located in the lower limbs and are mainly associated with aesthetic complaints. Although sclerotherapy is the treatment of choice for reticular veins in the lower limbs, no consensus has been reached regarding to the optimal sclerosant. Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of 2 sclerosants used to treat reticular veins: 0.2% polidocanol diluted in 70% hypertonic glucose (HG) (group 1) vs 75% HG alone (group 2). Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective, randomized, triple-blind, controlled, parallel-group clinical trial with patients randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio between the 2 treatment groups from March through December 2014, with 2 months' follow-up. The study was conducted in a single academic medical center. Eligible participants were all women, aged 18 to 69 years, who had at least 1 reticular vein with a minimum length of 10 cm in 1 of their lower limbs. Interventions: The patients underwent sclerotherapy in a single intervention with either 0.2% polidocanol plus 70% HG or 75% HG alone to eliminate reticular veins. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary efficacy end point was the disappearance of the reticular veins within 60 days after treatment with sclerotherapy. The reticular veins were measured on images obtained before treatment and after treatment using ImageJ software. Safety outcomes were analyzed immediately after treatment and 7 days and 60 days after treatment and included serious adverse events (eg, deep vein thrombosis and systemic complications) and minor adverse events (eg, pigmentation, edema, telangiectatic matting, and hematomas). Results: Ninety-three women completed the study, median (interquartile range) age 43.0 (24.0-61.0) years for group 1 and 41.0 (27.0-62.0) years for group 2. Sclerotherapy with 0.2% polidocanol plus 70% HG was significantly more effective than with 75% HG alone in eliminating reticular veins from the treated area (95.17% vs 85.40%; P < .001). No serious adverse events occurred in either group. Pigmentation was the most common minor adverse event, with a 3.53% treated-vein pigmentation length for group 1 and 7.09% for group 2, with no significant difference between the groups (P = .09). Conclusions and Relevance: Sclerotherapy with 0.2% polidocanol diluted in 70% HG was superior to 75% HG alone in sclerosing reticular veins, with no statistical difference for complications. Pigmentation occurred in both groups, with no statistical difference between them. No serious adverse events occurred in either group. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT02054325.


Assuntos
Solução Hipertônica de Glucose/administração & dosagem , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Soluções Esclerosantes/administração & dosagem , Escleroterapia/métodos , Doenças Vasculares/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polidocanol , Estudos Prospectivos , Escleroterapia/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Doenças Vasculares/patologia , Veias/patologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
J. vasc. bras ; 16(4): f:314-l:319, out.-dez. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-880798

RESUMO

O trombo venoso flutuante em veia femoral é um tipo de trombo com alto potencial de embolização pulmonar. Entretanto, ainda é controversa a conduta mais apropriada nesses casos. Tratamentos clínicos com anticoagulantes ou fibrinolíticos e trombectomias abertas ou por meio de dispositivos endovasculares vêm sendo empregados ainda sem um critério de indicação bem definido. Apresentamos três casos clínicos de trombos flutuantes em veia femoral, de etiologias distintas, cujos tratamentos e respectivas evoluções serão discutidos


A floating venous thrombus in the femoral vein is a type of thrombus with a high potential for pulmonary embolization. However, the most appropriate management for these cases is still controversial. Clinical treatments, using anticoagulants or fibrinolytics, open thrombectomies, or thrombectomies by means of endovascular devices have all been used, although the criteria for indication of each are not yet defined. We present 3 clinical cases of floating thrombi in femoral veins with different etiologies and discuss their respective treatments and outcomes


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Veia Femoral/cirurgia , Trombose Venosa/cirurgia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Enoxaparina/administração & dosagem , Extremidade Inferior , Embolia Pulmonar , Terapêutica/métodos , Trombectomia/métodos , Trombose/cirurgia , Ultrassom/métodos , Varfarina/administração & dosagem
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(9): 706-711, Sept. 2017. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-886236

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the ultrastructural characteristics and analysis of residual DNA in scaffold models, produced with decellularized vena cava in an experimental model with rabbits. Methods: Three groups were created for ultrastructural and residual DNA analysis: group 1 - control, consisting of samples of vena cava in natura; group 2 - SD, consisting of vein fragments submitted to 2% sodium deoxycholate decellularization by shaking (160rpm - Shaker News Brunswick Scientific®) for 1 hour at controlled temperature shaker at 37°C; group 3 - SDS, consisting of vein fragments submitted to 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate decellularization under the same previous condition, for 2 hours. Results: The ultrastructural matrix of the blood vessel maintained its vintegrity after either decellularization models. The results of the two quantification methods demonstrated a significant decrease in the DNA content of the decellularized vena cava samples as compared to the control samples and, differed statistically from each other, p <0.05. Conclusion: The 2% DS protocol for vein decellularization, in this experimental model, was considered the best protocol because it presented less amount of residual DNA without causing substantial destruction of the extracellular matrix.

12.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 44(3): 308-313, 2017 May-Jun.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28767808

RESUMO

The endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) of the insufficient saphenous vein has similar results to open conventional surgery, but less morbidity. The echo-guided polidocanol foam sclerotherapy technique has been used for the same purpose. The combined techniques may play a role for more severe diseases, such as those with varicose ulcers. An EVLA device (called VELAS) has been developed in the Optics and Photonics Research Center of USP-São Carlos in agreement with FMB-UNESP. In this study, we present the preliminary results of the VELAS device (MMO 980nm diode) in patients with chronic venous ulcer, associated with echo-guided polidocanol foam sclerotherapy for the treatment of varicosities. Primary outcomes were healing time of the venous ulcer, occlusion of the treated veins and treatment-related adverse events. We included 12 patients with insufficient saphenous vein and chronic venous ulcer. Initially, we treated all of them with thermoablation of the insufficient saphenous vein (VELAS), on an outpatient basis, with local anesthesia. After one week of the procedure, we sclerosed the varicosities with polidocanol foam (Tessari technique). The national VELAS device was easily handled. Total venous occlusion occurred in 83.3% of the patients (in seven days) and the association of the techniques was responsible for a wound healing rate of 83.3%, with no adverse events.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Terapia a Laser , Lasers Semicondutores/uso terapêutico , Polietilenoglicóis/uso terapêutico , Veia Safena , Soluções Esclerosantes/uso terapêutico , Escleroterapia , Insuficiência Venosa/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polidocanol , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 44(3): 308-313, mai.-jun. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-896583

RESUMO

RESUMO A termoablação endovascular das veias safenas insuficientes com laser é descrita como uma técnica menos invasiva, com resultados semelhantes à cirurgia convencional, porém, com efeitos adversos menos frequentes. A técnica de escleroterapia com espuma de polidocanol ecoguiada vem sendo empregada com a mesma finalidade. A combinação de técnicas pode representar uma alternativa para pacientes mais graves, como os portadores de úlcera varicosa. Um equipamento de laser (denominado VELAS) foi desenvolvido no Centro de Pesquisas em Ótica e Fotônica da USP-São Carlos em convênio com a FMB-UNESP para termoablação endoluminal da veia safena insuficiente. Neste estudo apresentamos os resultados preliminares do uso do aparelho de laser VELAS (diodo MMO 980nm) na termoablação endovascular de veias safenas insuficientes, em portadores de úlcera venosa crônica, associado à complementação com espuma de polidocanol para o tratamento de varicosidades, após uma semana. Os desfechos analisados foram o tempo de cicatrização da úlcera venosa, oclusão das veias tratadas e eventos adversos relacionados aos tratamentos. Foram incluídos 12 pacientes portadores de insuficiência de veia safena e úlcera venosa crônica que aceitaram participar do projeto. Todos foram tratados em regime ambulatorial, com anestesia local e termoablação da veia safena insuficiente (VELAS). Após uma semana da cirurgia, as varicosidades foram esclerosadas com polidocanol espuma (técnica de Tessari). O equipamento laser VELAS nacional apresentou fácil manuseio, oclusão venosa total em 83,3% dos pacientes (em sete dias) e a associação das técnicas foi responsável por uma taxa de cicatrização de feridas de 83,3%, sem ocorrência de eventos adversos.


ABSTRACT The endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) of the insufficient saphenous vein has similar results to open conventional surgery, but less morbidity. The echo-guided polidocanol foam sclerotherapy technique has been used for the same purpose. The combined techniques may play a role for more severe diseases, such as those with varicose ulcers. An EVLA device (called VELAS) has been developed in the Optics and Photonics Research Center of USP-São Carlos in agreement with FMB-UNESP. In this study, we present the preliminary results of the VELAS device (MMO 980nm diode) in patients with chronic venous ulcer, associated with echo-guided polidocanol foam sclerotherapy for the treatment of varicosities. Primary outcomes were healing time of the venous ulcer, occlusion of the treated veins and treatment-related adverse events. We included 12 patients with insufficient saphenous vein and chronic venous ulcer. Initially, we treated all of them with thermoablation of the insufficient saphenous vein (VELAS), on an outpatient basis, with local anesthesia. After one week of the procedure, we sclerosed the varicosities with polidocanol foam (Tessari technique). The national VELAS device was easily handled. Total venous occlusion occurred in 83.3% of the patients (in seven days) and the association of the techniques was responsible for a wound healing rate of 83.3%, with no adverse events.

14.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 43: 272-277, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28501666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) is a common venous condition. Recent studies have shown that SVT is associated with high frequency of thromboembolic complications: from 22-37% for deep venous thrombosis and up to 33% for pulmonary embolism. Our goal was to assess the prevalence of major hereditary and acquired thrombophilic factors in patients with SVT. METHODS: Sixty-six patients presenting with primary SVT underwent evaluation for thrombophilia: molecular testing for the factor V Leiden and factor II G20210 A (prothrombin) mutations, protein C, protein S, antithrombin deficiency, presence of lupus anticoagulant, as well as anticardiolipin antibody titers. Patients aged less than 18 years, with confirmed deep vein thrombosis, and pregnant women were excluded. RESULTS: 95.5% were Caucasian, and 62.1% were female gender. Age ranged from 21-88 years. Molecular testing showed that 34.2% of patients were heterozygous for factor V Leiden, 23.6% were heterozygous for the factor II mutation, 7.8% had antithrombin deficiency, 2.6% had protein S deficiency, and 2.1% had protein C deficiency. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that hereditary and acquired thrombophilias are higher than previously expected and reported.


Assuntos
Transtornos Herdados da Coagulação Sanguínea/epidemiologia , Coagulação Sanguínea , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Trombofilia/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Anticardiolipina/sangue , Coagulação Sanguínea/genética , Transtornos Herdados da Coagulação Sanguínea/sangue , Transtornos Herdados da Coagulação Sanguínea/diagnóstico , Transtornos Herdados da Coagulação Sanguínea/genética , Fatores de Coagulação Sanguínea/genética , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Marcadores Genéticos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Inibidor de Coagulação do Lúpus/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Fenótipo , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Trombofilia/sangue , Trombofilia/diagnóstico , Trombofilia/genética , Trombose Venosa/sangue , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/genética , Adulto Jovem
16.
J. vasc. bras ; 15(4): 312-316, Oct.-Dec. 2016. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-841395

RESUMO

Resumo Infecções de sítios cirúrgicos com envolvimento de próteses sintéticas constituem grande desafio para tratamento. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente com múltiplas comorbidades, histórico de enxerto aortobifemoral há 6 anos e reabordagem das anastomoses femorais por reestenoses há 5 anos. Apresentou dor inguinal esquerda e abaulamento súbitos com diagnóstico de pseudoaneurisma femoral roto e instabilidade hemodinâmica. Foi submetida a correção emergencial com interposição de prótese de dácron recoberta por prata e correção de grande hérnia incisional abdominal com tela sintética ao mesmo tempo. No pós-operatório, manteve-se por longo período sob terapia intensiva com dificuldade de extubação. Nesse ínterim, apresentou deiscência das suturas e fístula purulenta inguinal esquerda em contato com a prótese vascular. Optou-se pelo tratamento conservador, com desbridamento das feridas e aplicação de curativo a vácuo. A paciente evoluiu com melhora e cicatrização das feridas. Essa pode se constituir em ferramenta importante em casos similares.


Abstract Infections at the sites of surgery involving synthetic prostheses are challenging to treat. We present a case of a patient with multiple comorbidities who had undergone an aortobifemoral bypass 6 years previously and then re-intervention at the femoral anastomoses for restenosis 5 years previously. The patient presented with acute left inguinal pain and swelling and was diagnosed with a ruptured femoral pseudoaneurysm and hemodynamic instability. A repair was conducted by interposition of a silver-coated Dacron graft in the emergency room, and a large abdominal incisional hernia was repaired with synthetic mesh during the same intervention. After surgery, the patient remained intubated in intensive care for a long period. Meanwhile, she presented dehiscence of sutures and a left inguinal purulent fistula that was in contact with the vascular prosthesis. Conservative treatment was chosen, with debridement of wounds and vacuum therapy. The patient improved and the wounds healed. This could be an important tool in similar cases.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Controle de Infecções , Curativos Oclusivos/efeitos adversos , Comorbidade , Extremidade Inferior
17.
JMIR Res Protoc ; 5(4): e226, 2016 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27881360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) are alternative strategies for stroke prevention in patients with atherosclerotic carotid disease. CEA has been considered the first-line treatment for carotid stenosis worldwide, and the safety and efficacy of CAS compared to CEA remains in question. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare the practice and outcomes of CAS and CEA in a real-world setting within public university hospitals in Brazil. METHODS: This study will be a prospective 5-year analysis of treatment for atherosclerotic carotid stenosis with CEA and CAS performed at 5 centers affiliated with the Vascular Study Group at public university hospitals in Brazil. The indications for the procedures will be determined by each surgeon's individual discretion, in accordance with preoperative risk evaluation. The primary outcome measures will be (1) any in-hospital stroke or death, and (2) any per-procedural stroke, death, or myocardial infarction (MI). Patients undergoing CEA in conjunction with cardiac surgery will be excluded from the study. Multivariate logistic regression will be performed to identify predictors of stroke or death in patients undergoing CEA and CAS. All tests of significance will be performed at the .05 level. This study was approved by the Committee of Ethics in Research at the University Hospital of Ribeirao Preto Medical School, and in all other participating institutions linked to National Research System and National Board of Health in Brazil (Process 15695/2011). RESULTS: This study is currently in the recruitment phase, and the final patient is expected to be enrolled by the end of 2018. We hope to recruit approximately 800 patients to the study. Analyses will focus on primary end points for patients that are allocated to each treatment group. During the per-procedural period, the occurrence of the primary end point components (stroke, MI, or death) for CAS and CEA will be analyzed for symptomatic or asymptomatic subjects. CONCLUSIONS: The analyses of the primary endpoints (and all others variables of the study) are expected to be published in 2019 in a peer reviewed journal, and results will be presented at scientific meetings, with summary results published online. This study will obtain new data related to the quality of treatment for carotid disease in Brazil at the primary training centers of future vascular surgeons, but the initial data that will be obtained and published (with the outcomes and complications) are restricted to the first 30 days postprocedure. This time restriction limits the comparison of the results that relate to the main goal of treatment, which is to decrease the risk of stroke over 5 years. The purpose of the study group is to continue the monitoring of patient records, and evaluate the follow-up data in the 5 years following the initial evaluation. This study protocol will contribute very significantly to improving the care of patients with carotid disease, in addition to qualifying the level of assistance provided in public university hospitals in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02538276; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02538276 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6m7APnFLD).

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(39): e4812, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27684809

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telangiectasias are defined as small venules abnormally dilated, located in the intradermal portion of the skin, of reddish or bluish tinge, their diameter not exceeding 1 mm; they are classified by the American Venous Forum as mild venous disease CEAP C1. Conventional treatment consists of chemical sclerotherapy, considered a minimally invasive technique with rapid clinical recovery. A wide variety of sclerosing solutions can be used for this purpose. METHODS/DESIGN: This project intends to include 96 patients that will be randomized to a triple-blind study. Inclusion criteria are women between 18 and 65 years, with telangiectasia on the lateral thigh. Male patients, female patients with chronic venous disease CEAP 2 to 6, women with allergies, pregnant, breastfeeding, with any type of skin problems or any decompensated clinical disease will be excluded. All patients included will be submitted to venous ultrasound mapping in order to rule out venous disease not clinically visible, deep venous system insufficiency, and insufficiency of the ostial valve of the great saphenous vein. One group will be treated with glucose 75% solution and the other will receive polidocanol 0.2% diluted in glucose 70%. Each patient will receive only 1 treatment session in 1 single member. The volume of sclerosing solution will not exceed 5 mL and the treatment area will be limited to a region of 150 cm on the lateral thigh. Clinical follow-up will be: 1 initial visit, when the clinical report will be filled; photographic record and treatment with sclerotherapy (D0); follow-up visits after 7 and 60 days (D7 and D60, respectively), always with clinical and photographic documentation. DISCUSSION: The project intends to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sclerotherapy in eliminating telangiectasia in a predetermined area in order to establish efficacy and safety parameters for the treatments presented. CONCLUSION: This protocol for clinical trial will provide date to determine the efficacy and safety of sclerotherapy with the solutions presented. TRIAL REGISTRATION IDENTIFIER: ClinicalTrial.gov NCT02657252 Date: 01/12/2016 (retrospectively registered).


Assuntos
Glucose/uso terapêutico , Polietilenoglicóis/uso terapêutico , Soluções Esclerosantes/uso terapêutico , Escleroterapia/métodos , Telangiectasia/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polidocanol , Projetos de Pesquisa , Coxa da Perna , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 4(2): 172-8, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26993863

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of and predictors to indicate bilateral venous duplex ultrasound (DU) to detect contralateral asymptomatic deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in patients with acute symptomatic lower extremity DVT. METHODS: Venous DU reports along with medical records of the patients were collected from February 2005 to April 2012 in a tertiary university hospital in Botucatu, Brazil. All patients with DVT detected in one lower extremity routinely underwent contralateral limb venous DU examination. Exclusion criteria were previous DVT in the contralateral asymptomatic limb, thrombophlebitis, workup for pulmonary embolism, and bilateral symptomatic lower extremities. RESULTS: Scans were done in 579 patients to rule out contralateral lower extremity DVT whenever DVT was confirmed in the ipsilateral lower extremity; of these, 108 patients (18.6%) had an abnormal finding on DU examination for DVT in the contralateral limb, which was proximal DVT in 71.5%. Age >60 years (odds ratio [OR], 3.33; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.447-7.670), malignant disease (OR, 5.21; 95% CI, 1.943-14.015), and the association of trauma plus malignant disease (OR, 7.11; 95% CI, 1.640-30.863) were the main predictors. CONCLUSIONS: Age >60 years, malignant disease, lower extremity trauma, inpatient status, and recent hospitalization are risk factors associated with a high incidence of asymptomatic contralateral lower extremity DVT in patients with ipsilateral lower extremity DVT. Therefore, we recommend routine performance of a venous DU examination on the contralateral lower extremity whenever these risk factors are present in patients with ipsilateral lower extremity DVT.


Assuntos
Ultrassonografia Doppler Dupla , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Tromboflebite/diagnóstico por imagem
20.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 4(2): 231-5, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26993872

RESUMO

Duplicated inferior vena cava is a rare anomaly, and thrombosis in one or both segments is even less frequent. We present a case of deep venous thrombosis of the left lower limb involving the popliteal, femoral, and iliac veins as well as the left segment of the duplicated vena cava and nutcracker syndrome. After catheter-directed thrombolysis complemented by mechanical thrombolysis, the compromised veins had complete revascularization; the nutcracker syndrome was treated with stent placement, followed by the use of anticoagulants. There was technical success and complete recovery of the patient.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Quebra-Nozes/complicações , Trombose Venosa/complicações , Adulto , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Veia Femoral , Humanos , Veia Ilíaca , Síndrome , Terapia Trombolítica , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Filtros de Veia Cava , Veia Cava Inferior , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
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