Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 217
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33651159

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Nine bladder cancer (BCa) cases were reported among aromatic amine-exposed male workers at a factory manufacturing organic dye/pigment intermediates in Japan. We aimed to evaluate the characteristics of aromatic amine-exposed workers by cross-sectional observation, and the risk of BCa by assessing the standardized incidence ratio (SIR). METHODS: In the cross-sectional study, our subjects were: 9 BCa patients, 36 aromatic amine-exposed non-patients, and 79 non-exposed workers from 3 factories. We evaluated the subjects' medical history, urinalysis, qualitative determination of nuclear matrix protein 22, and urinary cytology. For SIR assessment, 98 aromatic amine-exposed workers from 1 factory were included, and the Japanese general male population was used as a referent population. Since no direct aromatic amine-exposure data were available, we calculated surrogate exposure levels using information on job sites, exposure potency, and duration. RESULTS: Coexistent aromatic amines were ortho-toluidine (OT), aniline, para-toluidine, ortho-anisidine, 2,4-xylidine, and ortho-chloroaniline. The prevalence rates of cystitis and bladder lesion-related symptoms in both BCa patients and aromatic amine-exposed non-patient workers were significantly higher than those of non-exposed workers. Overall, the SIR for BCa in OT-exposed workers was 56.8 (95% CI 27.7-104.3) and apparent dose-response relationships were revealed between the SIR and the surrogate exposure level in the 0-10-year lagged analyses. Overall, SIRs in other aromatic amine-exposed workers were also significantly high but no or unclear dose-response relationships were observed. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that OT may be responsible for the increased risk of BCa. Regular monitoring of bladder lesion-related symptoms is essential for the early identification of BCa.

2.
Nutrients ; 13(2)2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670108

RESUMO

Acrylamide, which is present in many daily foods, is a probable human carcinogen. In 2002, it was identified in several common foods. Subsequently, western epidemiologists began to explore the relationship between dietary acrylamide exposure and cancer risk; however, limited suggestive associations were found. This prospective study aimed to examine the association between dietary acrylamide intake and the risk of hematological malignancies, including malignant lymphoma (ML), multiple myeloma (MM), and leukemia. We enrolled 85,303 participants in the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective study on diet and cancer as from 1995. A food frequency questionnaire that included data on acrylamide in all Japanese foods was used to assess dietary acrylamide intake. We applied multivariable adjusted Cox proportional hazards models to reckon hazard ratios (HRs) for acrylamide intake for both categorical variables (tertiles) and continuous variables. After 16.0 median years of follow-up, 326 confirmed cases of ML, 126 cases of MM, and 224 cases of leukemia were available for final multivariable-adjusted analysis. HRs were 0.87 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.64-1.18) for ML, 0.64 (95% CI: 0.38-1.05) for MM, and 1.01 (95% CI: 0.71-1.45) for leukemia. Our results implied that acrylamide may not be related to the risk of hematological malignancies.

3.
Nutrients ; 13(3)2021 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33673718

RESUMO

Acrylamide can be carcinogenic to humans. However, the association between the acrylamide and the risks of renal cell, prostate, and bladder cancers in Asians has not been assessed. We aimed to investigate this association in the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study data in 88,818 Japanese people (41,534 men and 47,284 women) who completed a food frequency questionnaire in the five-year follow-up survey in 1995 and 1998. A validated food frequency questionnaire was used to assess the dietary acrylamide intake. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to estimate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). During a mean follow-up of 15.5 years (15.2 years of prostate cancer), 208 renal cell cancers, 1195 prostate cancers, and 392 bladder cancers were diagnosed. Compared to the lowest quintile of acrylamide intake, the multivariate hazard ratios for the highest quintile were 0.71 (95% CI: 0.38-1.34, p for trend = 0.294), 0.96 (95% CI: 0.75-1.22, p for trend = 0.726), and 0.87 (95% CI: 0.59-1.29, p for trend = 0.491) for renal cell, prostate, and bladder cancers, respectively, in the multivariate-adjusted model. No significant associations were observed in the stratified analyses based on smoking. Dietary acrylamide intake was not associated with the risk of renal cell, prostate, and bladder cancers.

4.
Cancer Med ; 10(6): 2153-2163, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33650323

RESUMO

Prior studies reported the association of reproductive factors with breast cancer (BC), but the evidence is inconsistent. We conducted a pooled analysis of nine cohort studies in Japan to evaluate the impact of six reproductive factors (age at menarche/age at first birth/number of births/age at menopause/use of female hormones/breastfeeding) on BC incidence. We conducted analyses according to menopausal status at the baseline or at the diagnosis. Hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated by applying Cox proportional-hazards model in each study. These hazard ratios were integrated using a random-effects model. Among 187,999 women (premenopausal: 61,113, postmenopausal: 126,886), we observed 873 premenopausal and 1,456 postmenopausal cases. Among premenopausal women, use of female hormones significantly increased BC incidence (HR: 1.53 [1.04-2.25]). Although P value for trend was not significant for age at first birth and number of births (P for trend: 0.15 and 0.30, respectively), women giving first birth at ages ≥36 experienced significantly higher BC incidence than at ages 21-25 years, and women who had ≥2 births experienced significantly lower BC incidence than nulliparous women. Among postmenopausal women, more births significantly decreased BC incidence (P for trend: 0.03). Although P value for trend was not significant for age at first birth and age at menopause (P for trend: 0.30 and 0.37, respectively), women giving first birth at ages 26-35 years experienced significantly higher BC incidence than at ages 21-25 years, and women with age at menopause: ≥50 years experienced significantly higher BC incidence than age at menopause: ≤44 years. BC incidence was similar according to age at menarche or breastfeeding history among both premenopausal and postmenopausal women. In conclusion, among Japanese women, use of female hormones increased BC incidence in premenopausal women, and more births decreased BC incidence in postmenopausal women.

5.
Cancer Sci ; 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660381

RESUMO

Antihypertensive drugs have been reported as both promotors and suppressors of cancers and this relationship has been known for several decades. We examined a large-scale prospective cohort study in Japan to assess the relationship between long-term antihypertensive drug use, for 10 y, and carcinogenesis. We divided participants into 4 categories according to the period of antihypertensive drug use, and calculated the hazard ratios (HRs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and P trends using the Cox proportional hazard model. In all cancers, there was a significant difference in the medication period and the adjusted HR, as well as a significant difference in the P trend. Furthermore, more than 10 y use of antihypertensive drugs significantly increased the adjusted HR in colorectal cancer (multivariable HR: 1.18, 95% CI: 1.01-1.37 in the >10 y use group; P for trend = .033) and renal cancer (multivariable HR: 3.76, 95% CI: 2.32-6.10 in the 5-10 y use group; multivariable HR: 2.14, 95% CI: 1.29-3.56 in the >10 y use group; P for trend < .001). The highest adjusted HR in renal cancer among antihypertensive drug users was observed in the analysis performed on patients in which the outcomes were calculated from 3 y after the 10-y follow-up survey and by sex. A large-scale cohort study in Japan suggested that long-term use of antihypertensive drugs may be associated with an increased incidence of colorectal and renal cancer.

6.
Int Heart J ; 62(2): 238-245, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731519

RESUMO

The effect of a history of cancer on the prognosis of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is poorly understood.From the Osaka Acute Coronary Insufficiency Study (OACIS) registry in Osaka, Japan, we enrolled the case data of a total of 3499 patients with AMI treated with PCI between 1998 and 2014, of whom 462 had a cancer history (cancer group, 13.2%) and 3037 did not (non-cancer group, 86.8%). All of the cases were followed for up to five years from discharge.The Kaplan-Meier curve and multivariate analysis using Cox proportional hazards models revealed that all-cause mortality was significantly higher in the cancer group than in the non-cancer group (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 2.43; P < 0.001). Deaths from cardiac, cancer, and other causes were treated as competing events, and competing analysis using the cumulative incidence function (CIF) and Fine-Gray model revealed that mortality due to cancer was higher in the cancer group than in the non-cancer group, whereas cardiac mortality was similar between the two groups. The incidences of cardiovascular events, including stroke, recurrent infarction, and heart failure requiring readmission, were also similar between the two groups, although the Kaplan-Meier analysis and univariate Cox proportional hazards model revealed that the incidence of stroke was higher in the cancer group than in the non-cancer group.A history of cancer increased all-cause and cancer mortality among patients with AMI treated with PCI, although it was not associated with cardiovascular events.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Neoplasias/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
7.
J Gastroenterol ; 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Second primary cancers have impact on survival in patients who achieved cure for the first esophageal cancer. We, therefore, assessed the risk of incidence and mortality for second primary cancer by calculating standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and standardized mortality ratio (SMR) in patients with superficial or localized esophageal cancer without lymph node metastases as the first cancer (index cancer). METHODS: Data on cancer development and subsequent causes of deaths were collected from integrated database of the Osaka Cancer Registry and the Vital Statistics of Japan. Records with information on patients with index esophageal cancer diagnosed between 2004 and 2013 were extracted from the database. Then, SIR and SMR for second primary cancers that developed in other organ were calculated with the reference to the general population during the same period. All probability values are two-tailed. RESULTS: Of 473,784 case records, 3022 cases of patients with index esophageal cancer were identified. Significantly higher SMRs/SIRs for cancers in mouth/pharynx, larynx, pancreas, and leukemia were confirmed with the values of 10.78/16.16, 8.56/6.44, 2.33/2.31, and 3.96/4.42, respectively. Significantly, higher SIRs for stomach, lung, and skin cancers were confirmed with the values of 2.84, 2.36, and 3.38, respectively, while SMRs were not significantly higher in these cancers. CONCLUSIONS: Significantly higher risks for mouth/pharynx, larynx, pancreas, and leukemia as second cancers were clarified. Careful surveillance for these cancers is required for esophageal cancer patients.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635149

RESUMO

To assess whether target temperature management (TTM) is effective for 1-month survival with favorable neurological outcome among pediatric patients who achieved return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The Japanese Association for Acute Medicine-out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (JAAM-OHCA) Registry, a multicenter prospective observational registry in Japan, included OHCA patients aged ≤17 years who achieved ROSC between June 2014 and December 2017. The primary outcome was 1-month survival with favorable neurological outcomes, defined as pediatric cerebral performance category 1 or 2. We conducted a propensity score analysis with inverse-probability-of-treatment weighting (IPTW) and evaluated the effect of TTM using logistic regression models with IPTW. A total of 167 patients [120 in the non-TTM group (71.9%) and 47 in the TTM group (28.1%)] were eligible for our analysis. The proportion of patients demonstrating 1-month survival with favorable neurological outcomes was 25.5% (12/47) in the TTM group and 16.7% (20/120) in the non-TTM group; there were no significant differences in favorable neurological outcomes (odds ratio, 1.36; 95% confidence interval, 0.55-3.35) between the non-TTM and TTM groups after performing adjustments with IPTW. In our study population composed of pediatric patients who achieved ROSC after OHCA, we did not find a positive association between TTM implementation and 1-month survival with favorable neurological outcomes.

9.
Nutrients ; 12(11)2020 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33266487

RESUMO

Acrylamide is a probable carcinogen in humans. Few studies have assessed dietary acrylamide intake and the risk of pancreatic cancer; however, these studies are based on Western populations. Our purpose was to investigate the association of dietary acrylamide intake with the risk of pancreatic cancer utilizing data from the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study. We evaluated the data of 89,729 participants aged 45-74 years, who replied to a questionnaire on past medical history and lifestyle habits from 1995-1998. Dietary acrylamide intake was estimated utilizing a validated food frequency questionnaire. We calculated the hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals by using Cox proportional-hazards regression models. The average follow-up was 15.2 years, and 576 cases of pancreatic cancer were diagnosed. In the multivariate-adjusted model, an association between dietary acrylamide intake and pancreatic cancer risk was not demonstrated (hazard ratio for the highest vs. lowest quartile = 0.83, 95% confidence interval: 0.65-1.05, p for trend = 0.07). Furthermore, in the analyses stratified by sex, smoking status, coffee consumption, green tea consumption, alcohol consumption, and body mass index, no significant association was detected. Dietary acrylamide intake was not associated with the pancreatic cancer risk in Japanese individuals.

10.
Nutrients ; 12(12)2020 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33348772

RESUMO

The levels of hemoglobin adducts of acrylamide (AA-Hb), a biomarker of acrylamide exposure, have not been reported for Japanese subjects. Herein, we determined the AA-Hb levels in a Japanese population and compared them with the estimated dietary intake from the duplicate diet method (DM) and a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). One-day DM samples, FFQ, and blood samples were collected from 89 participants and analyzed for acrylamide. AA-Hb was analyzed using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry and the N-alkyl Edman method. Participants were divided into tertiles of estimated acrylamide intake and geometric means (GMs) of AA-Hb adjusted for sex and smoking status. A stratified analysis according to smoking status was also performed. The average AA-Hb levels for all participants, never, past, and current smokers were 46, 38, 65, and 86 pmol/g Hb, respectively. GMs of AA-Hb levels in all participants were significantly associated with tertiles of estimated acrylamide intake from DM (p for trend = 0.02) and FFQ (p for trend = 0.04), although no association with smokers was observed. AA-Hb levels reflected smoking status, which were similar to values reported in Western populations, and they were associated with estimated dietary intake of acrylamide when adjusted for sex and smoking status.

11.
Cancer Sci ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040433

RESUMO

Cervical cancer remains among the most common cancers in women worldwide and can be prevented by vaccination. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan suspended active recommendation of regular human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines in 2013 because of various symptoms including chronic pain and motor impairment. This nationwide case-control study from April 2013 to March 2017 targeted women aged 20-24 years old at cervical screening. We compared HPV vaccination exposure between those with abnormal and normal cytology. Abnormal cytology was classified based on the results of histological test and we calculated the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of the above endpoints and vaccination exposure using the conditional logistic regression model and estimated vaccine effectiveness using the formula (1 - OR) × 100. A total of 2483 cases and 12 296 controls (one-to-five matching) were eligible in 31 municipalities in Japan. The distribution of histological abnormalities among cases was 797 CIN1 (including dysplasia) (32.1%), 165 CIN2 (6.7%), 44 CIN3 (1.8%), and eight squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (0.3%). The OR of HPV vaccination compared with no vaccination for abnormal cytology, CIN1+, CIN2+, and CIN3+ versus controls was 0.42 (95% CI, 0.34-0.50), 0.42 (95% CI, 0.31-0.58), 0.25 (95% CI, 0.12-0.54), and 0.19 (95% CI, 0.03-1.15), respectively, equating to a vaccine effectiveness of 58.5%, 57.9%, 74.8%, and 80.9%, respectively. Eight patients had SCC, none was vaccinated. This nationwide case-control study in Japan demonstrated a substantial risk reduction in abnormal cytology and CIN among women who did versus those who did not receive HPV vaccination.

12.
J Clin Med ; 9(9)2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927835

RESUMO

Little is known about the epidemiological characteristics of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Japan. This is a retrospective observational study of COVID-19 patients; study was conducted from February 1 to May 31, 2020. We used publicly collected data on cases of COVID-19 confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. We described the patient characteristics. The Cox proportional-hazards model was applied to evaluate the association between factors (sex, onset month, age group, city of residence) and mortality, and hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals were estimated. During the study period, 5.7% (1782/31,152) of individuals who underwent PCR testing for COVID-19 showed positive results. Among 244 patients with information on symptoms, the most common symptom was fever (76.6%), followed by cough (44.3%). Of the 1782 patients, 86 patients died. Compared with those aged 0-59 years, higher mortality was observed among those aged 60-69 years (HR: 12.02 [3.37-42.93]), 70-79 years (HR: 44.62 [15.16-131.30]), 80-89 years (HR: 68.38 [22.93-203.89]), and ≥90 years (HR: 144.71 [42.55-492.15]). In conclusion, in Osaka Prefecture, Japan, the most common symptom was fever, and older adults had higher mortality among COVID-19 patients.

13.
Cancer Sci ; 111(10): 3873-3880, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885537

RESUMO

In 1955, an outbreak of arsenic poisoning caused by the ingestion of arsenic-contaminated Morinaga Dry Milk occurred in western Japan. This study aimed to assess the mortality and cancer incidence risk among Japanese individuals who were poisoned during this time as infants. In total, 6223 survivors (mean age at enrollment, 27.5 y) who had ingested contaminated milk when they were aged ≤ 2 y participated in this study. Follow-up was conducted from 1982 to 2018 (mean follow-up duration, 30.3 y). Standardized mortality ratio (SMR) and standardized incidence ratio (SIR) were used to compare mortality and cancer incidence rates of subjects with the respective Japanese population rates, and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) of the SMR and SIR were also calculated. In total, 561 deaths and 524 new cancer cases were observed. A statistically significant increase in mortality rate was observed for all causes (SMR, 1.15; 1.01-1.19), nervous system disease (2.83, 1.62-4.19), respiratory disease (2.02, 1.37-2.62), genitourinary system disease (2.25, 1.10-3.73), and traffic accident (2.03, 1.14-3.04). In contrast, a significant decrease in cancer incidence rate was observed for all cancers (SIR, 0.96; 0.84-0.99), stomach cancer (0.77, 0.57-0.92), colon cancer (0.63, 0.41-0.85), rectum cancer (0.69, 0.43-0.95), and breast cancer (0.72, 0.52-0.89). Liver cancer showed a high mortality rate (SMR, 1.68; 1.06-2.31). In this study, after the long-term follow-up we revealed overall and cause-specific mortality and cancer incidence risk among survivors who ingested arsenic-contaminated dry milk as infants.

14.
Nutrients ; 12(9)2020 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32825036

RESUMO

Acrylamide has been studied for its carcinogenicity in experimental animals, causing tumors at several organ sites, and has been considered probably carcinogenic to humans as well. Given the small number of epidemiological studies that have been conducted, it is still uncertain whether the consumption of acrylamide is associated with liver cancer. Therefore, we investigated a study to determine the possible relationship between acrylamide intake and the risk of developing liver cancer in the Japanese population. A total of 85,305 participants, from the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study, who provided a validated food-frequency questionnaire were enrolled between 1995 and 1998. During a median of 16.0 years follow-up, 744 new liver cancer cases were identified. Compared to the lowest tertile of acrylamide consumption (<4.8 µg/day), the multivariate hazard ratio (HR) for the highest tertile (≥7.6 µg/day) was 0.79 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.65-0.95) for liver cancer using multivariable model 1, adjusted for smoking status, body mass index (BMI), physical activity, medical history, and alcohol consumption; whereas the inverse relationship disappeared after additionally adjusting for coffee consumption in multivariable model 2 with HR of 1.08 (95% CI = 0.87-1.34) for the highest tertile. The effect of dietary acrylamide intake on the risk of liver cancer was not observed in the Japanese population.

15.
Nutrients ; 12(8)2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32806637

RESUMO

Acrylamide, which forms in heat-treated foods with high carbohydrate content, is a probable human carcinogen. This study aimed to evaluate the association between dietary acrylamide intake and lung cancer using data from the Japan Public Health Center based Prospective Study. Our study included 85,303 participants who completed a food frequency questionnaire. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to assess hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) after adjusting for confounders. After 14.3 years and 15.4 years of mean follow-up period, 1187 and 485 lung cancer cases were identified in men and women, respectively. The multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios of 10-µg/day increment in acrylamide intake were 1.01 (95% CI, 0.99-1.02) in men and 0.98 (95% CI, 0.95-1.02) in women. Compared with the lowest quartile of acrylamide intake, the hazard ratios for the highest quartile were 1.13 (95% CI, 0.95-1.33; p for trend = 0.12) in men and 1.03 (95% CI, 0.78-1.36; p for trend = 0.86) in women in the multivariable-adjusted model. Moreover, there was also no significant association observed in the stratified analysis for histological subtypes of lung cancer. This study demonstrated that dietary acrylamide intake was not associated with increased lung cancer risk in the Japanese population.

16.
Cancer Med ; 9(19): 7330-7340, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794368

RESUMO

In Japan, a study using population-based cancer registry data from six prefectures revealed a difference in bladder cancer survival between men and women. However, the period of the study was limited to 1993-2006. The recent introduction of immune checkpoint inhibitors, which have proved to be effective for the treatment for bladder cancer, has led to a rising demand for analysis of long-term trends in net survival in order to accurately assess the effect of the new treatment. The aim of the present study was to examine long-term trends in sex difference in bladder cancer net survival using large-scale population-based cancer registry data from Osaka, Japan (17,500 cases from 1975 to 2009). We also evaluated sex difference in bladder cancer survival after adjustment for stage, histologic type, and other prognostic factors. We showed the long-term trend of five-year net survival for each stage and found that women had poorer five-year net survival than men for the whole study period. The risk of death from bladder cancer was higher among men than women even after adjusting for period at diagnosis, histologic type, stage, age group, and treatment (Excess hazard ratios: 1.17; 95% Confidence interval: 1.10-1.25).

17.
Cancer Med ; 9(18): 6597-6608, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730697

RESUMO

There are limited real-world data on the treatment practices, outcomes, and safety of chemoradiotherapy (CRT) alone in potential candidates for immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) for unresectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study, we analyzed the safety and efficacy of CRT in patients who underwent CRT and would satisfy the key eligibility criteria for maintenance therapy with durvalumab (eg, no progression after CRT) in real-world settings (m-sub) for unresectable Stage III NSCLC between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2015 at 12 sites in Japan. The m-sub comprised 214 patients with a median follow-up of 31.6 months (range 1.9-65.8 months). Median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) from completing CRT were 36.4 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 28.1 months to not reached) and 9.5 months (95% CI 7.7-11.7 months), respectively. Consolidation chemotherapy did not influence OS or PFS. Median PFS was 16.9 vs 9.1 months in patients with vs without epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, with PFS rates of ~20% at 3-4 years. Pneumonitis was the most common adverse event (according to MedDRA version 21.0J), and about half of events were grade 1. Pneumonitis mostly occurred 10-24 weeks after starting CRT, peaking at 18-20 weeks. Esophagitis and dermatitis generally occurred from 0 to 4 weeks, peaking at 2-4 weeks after starting CRT. Pericarditis was rare and occurred sporadically. In conclusion, the results of the m-sub provide real-world insight into the outcomes of CRT, and will be useful for future evaluations of ICI maintenance therapy after CRT.

18.
J Cardiol ; 76(6): 549-556, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32616330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the epidemiology of pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) occurring in nursery schools and kindergartens is indispensable to establish an evidence-based strategy for prevention and improved outcomes. This study aimed to describe the incidence, characteristics, and outcomes of pediatric OHCAs that occurred in certified nursery schools and kindergartens. METHODS: Stop and Prevent cardIac aRrest, Injury, and Trauma in Schools (SPIRITS) is a study to construct and analyze a nationwide registry of pediatric OHCAs occurring in school settings in Japan. Using data from the SPIRITS registry, we assessed the incidence, characteristics, and outcomes of pediatric OHCAs that occurred in certified nursery schools/kindergartens between April 2008 and December 2016. RESULTS: During the study period, 37 OHCA patients (31 in certified nursery schools and 6 in kindergartens) were confirmed. The overall incidence rate was 0.13 per 100,000 children per year. Among 37 patients, 57% (21/37) had an OHCA while napping and 35% (13/37) experienced OHCA that was witnessed by bystanders. Although public-access automated external defibrillator pads were applied by bystanders in 24% (9/37) of cases, only 1 patient actually received defibrillation. Overall, the proportion of 1-month survival with favorable neurological outcomes after OHCA was 19% (7/37). Among those with OHCA of non-medical origins, 60% (3/5) of patients experienced arrest caused by suffocation, 60% (3/5) by drowning, and 100% (1/1) by head injury. In contrast, no patient had 1-month favorable neurological outcomes among those with OHCA of medical origins such as presumed cardiac origin (0/17), sudden infant death syndrome (0/6), acute viral myocarditis (0/1), respiratory disease (0/1), and ventricular fibrillation (0/1). CONCLUSIONS: In this population, the majority of pediatric OHCAs occurring in certified nursery schools/kindergartens had non-ventricular fibrillation rhythm, and their outcomes after OHCA of medical origin were poor.

19.
Int J Cancer ; 147(11): 3019-3028, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32441315

RESUMO

Red meat or saturated fatty acid (SFA) intake has been reported to increase lung cancer (LC) risk in several western countries. However, in Asia, studies on the relationship between meat and SFA intake with LC incidence are still relatively insufficient, and their conclusions are inconsistent. We investigated the association of meat and SFA intake with LC incidence in a population-based prospective cohort study in Japan. Cox regression was used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for LC risk according to meat intake and SFA intake. A total of 73 187 participants (32 934 men and 40 253 women) aged 45 to 74 years participated in our study. During the follow-up period of 1 151 839 person-years (median, 16.0 year) from 1995 to 2013 for Cohort I and from 1998 to 2013 for Cohort II, 1315 (901 men and 414 women) newly diagnosed cases of LC were identified. In men, we found an adverse association between total red meat intake (HR and 95% CI: 1.25 [1.02-1.53]; Ptrend = .008) and LC risk. Additionally, borderline statistically significant elevated risks of LC were seen with high intake of unprocessed red meat and processed red meat. However, no positive association between total red meat intake and LC risk was observed in women. In contrast, poultry and fish intake were not associated with LC risk in either men or women. We concluded that a high total intake of total red meat was associated with moderately elevated LC risk in men.

20.
Thromb Haemost ; 120(4): 714-723, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32289866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy may be a cause of cancer-associated stroke, but whether it increases stroke risk remains uncertain. We investigated how chemotherapy affects stroke risk in cancer patients. METHODS: Of 27,932 patients in a hospital-based cancer registry (which contains clinical data on all patients treated for cancer at Osaka University Hospital) screened between 2007 and 2015, medical records of 19,006 patients with complete data were investigated. A validated algorithm was used to identify stroke events within 2 years of cancer diagnosis. Patients were divided based on whether their initial treatment plan included chemotherapy. The association between chemotherapy and stroke was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and stratified Cox regression. RESULTS: Of 19,006 patients, 5,887 (31%) were in the chemotherapy group. Stroke occurred in 44 (0.75%) and 51 (0.39%) patients in the chemotherapy and nonchemotherapy group, respectively. Kaplan-Meier curve analysis showed that patients in the chemotherapy group had a higher stroke risk than those in the nonchemotherapy group (hazard ratio [HR] 1.84; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.23-2.75). However, this difference was insignificant after adjustment for cancer status using inverse probability of treatment weighting with propensity scores (HR 1.20; 95% CI 0.76-1.91). Similarly, in the stratified Cox regression model, chemotherapy was not associated with stroke after adjustment for cancer status (HR 1.26; 95% CI 0.78-2.03). CONCLUSION: In our study, the elevated stroke risk in cancer patients who received chemotherapy was presumably due to advanced cancer stage; chemotherapy was not associated with the increased risk of stroke.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...