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1.
Asian J Surg ; 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The number of octogenarians requiring surgery for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is increasing. However, the safety of hepatectomy in octogenarians remains controversial. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the effect of age on the short- and long-term outcomes of hepatectomy for HCC to evaluate the safety of hepatectomy for octogenarians. METHODS: Data from a total of 845 patients who underwent initial hepatectomy for HCC between April 1990 and March 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were categorized based on the age at the time of surgery (<80 years, n = 790; ≥80 years, n = 55), and the short- and long-term postoperative outcomes of the two groups were compared to evaluate whether hepatectomy is appropriate for octogenarian patients. RESULTS: The proportion of octogenarian patients undergoing hepatectomy increased from 2.6% in 1990-1995 to 16.8% in 2016-2020 (P < 0.001), and the overall incidences of anatomical and major hepatectomy have increased. There was no significant difference in the morbidity rate between the octogenarians and the group of patients <80 years old (60.0% vs. 54.4%, P = 0.420), and the 90-day mortality rate was 0% in the octogenarian group. Furthermore, the two groups had similar overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates (P = 0.173 and 0.671, respectively). CONCLUSION: Favorable postoperative outcomes following initial hepatectomy for HCC are achieved in appropriately selected octogenarians.

2.
Surg Res Pract ; 2022: 1737161, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35386950

RESUMO

Introduction: Acute mesenteric ischemia is a life-threatening complication after cardiovascular surgery with a mortality rate of 52.9-81.3%. However, few studies have evaluated the predictors of clinical outcome after treatment for acute mesenteric ischemia following cardiovascular surgery. Therefore, this study aimed to elucidate prognostic factors in patients who underwent laparotomy for acute mesenteric ischemia after cardiovascular surgery. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 29 patients (20 men and 9 women; median age, 71.0 years) who underwent laparotomy for acute mesenteric ischemia after cardiovascular surgery between January 2010 and August 2020. These patients were classified into the survivor group (comprising patients who were discharged or referred to another hospital, n = 16) and the nonsurvivor group (comprising those who experienced in-hospital mortality, n = 13). We compared clinical parameters between the groups to identify the predictors of outcomes. Results: More patients in the nonsurvivor group underwent emergency cardiovascular surgery (62.5% vs. 100%, p = 0.017) and received hemodialysis (12.5% vs. 61.5%, p = 0.008) at the onset of acute mesenteric ischemia than those in the survivor group. The prelaparotomy serum creatinine level was higher in the nonsurvivor group than in the survivor group (1.27 vs. 2.33 mg/dL, p = 0.004). Logistic regression analysis revealed an association between preoperative serum creatinine level and in-hospital mortality (odds ratio 5.047, p = 0.046), and Cox regression analysis demonstrated a relationship between serum creatinine level and in-hospital mortality (hazard ratio 1.610, p = 0.009). The area under the curve (receiver operating characteristic analysis) for the serum creatinine level was 0.813. Furthermore, the optimal cutoff value of the serum creatinine level was 1.59 mg/dL with a sensitivity and specificity of 0.846 and 0.687, respectively, in predicting in-hospital mortality. Conclusions: The elevated serum creatinine level was associated with a poor clinical outcome after surgery for acute mesenteric ischemia following cardiovascular surgery.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35446138

RESUMO

Background: The effectiveness of laparoscopic surgery for adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) remains unclear. We aimed to compare the outcomes and safety of open and laparoscopic surgeries for ASBO. Methods: In this retrospective study, we analyzed an inpatient database of 42 national university hospitals in Japan. Patients who underwent surgery for the first episode of ASBO between April 2013 and March 2018 were identified. Using the propensity score method, patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery were matched one-to-one with those who underwent open surgery. We investigated postoperative clinical outcomes, including morbidity, mortality, length of hospital stay (LOS), and recurrence. Results: Overall, 306 and 96 patients underwent open and laparoscopic surgery, respectively (96 propensity score-matched pairs). The incidence rates of postoperative morbidity, mortality, and recurrence were comparable between the two groups. Cox regression analysis revealed a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.020 (P = .959) for readmission due to ASBO in the laparoscopic surgery group relative to the open surgery group. Postoperative hospital stay was longer for open surgery than for laparoscopic surgery (13.0 days versus 10.0 days, P < .001). Cox regression analysis revealed that laparoscopic surgery was associated with earlier postoperative discharge compared with open surgery (HR 1.641, P = .002). Conclusions: The postoperative LOS was shorter with laparoscopic surgery than with open surgery for ASBO, but there were no differences between the procedures in other clinical outcomes. Laparoscopic surgery is suitable to treat patients with ASBO.

4.
Pathol Res Pract ; 232: 153832, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35287087

RESUMO

Leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptor 5 (LGR5) is a known cancer stem cell marker. However, there are no reported analyses of LGR5 mRNA expression in normal liver and liver cancer tissues. Here, we evaluated LGR5 expression by RNAscope, a newly developed RNA in situ hybridization technique, using a tissue microarray consisting of 25 samples of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) selected from the medical archives at our hospital. LGR5 expression levels were divided into high and low expression groups by the five-grade scoring system, and clinicopathological features were analyzed. Low LGR5 expression was identified in some normal hepatocytes and bile duct cells. In addition, LGR5 expression was identified in all bile duct cancer samples except one case. Well-differentiated to moderately-differentiated adenocarcinoma tended to show higher LGR5 expression than poorly-differentiated adenocarcinoma (P = 0.0561), and the large duct type showed significantly higher LGR5 expression levels than the small duct type (P = 0.0225). Patients in the high LGR5 expression group tended to have good overall survival (OS) (P = 0.0623). The Cox proportional hazard regression model revealed that the high LGR5 expression group showed independently better OS for ICC (P = 0.0285). High LGR5 expression is possibly a good prognosis factor in ICC. However, the detailed mechanism of LGR5 in this disease remains unclear, and further analysis is warranted.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/genética
5.
Clin Transplant ; : e14657, 2022 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35344628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Portal inflow modulation (PIM) aimed at reducing portal hyperperfusion is commonly used in in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) to reduce the risk of small-for-size syndrome (SFSS). Many different techniques, both pharmacological and surgical have been used for this purpose. There is however, little consensus on the best method of PIM, its exact role in preventing SFSS and on early post-LDLT recovery. OBJECTIVES: To identify whether modifications of portal pressures and flows enhance recovery after LDLT and to provide international expert panel recommendations. DATA SOURCES: Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Central. METHODS: Systematic review following PRISMA guidelines and recommendations using the GRADE approach derived from an international expert panel. PROSPERO ID: CRD42021260997 RESULTS: 594 articles were identified through databases' search. Of the 24 included for a final review by the working group (WG), there were 5 randomized controls trials, 4 prospective studies and 15 retrospective series. Six outcomes measures which were likely to influence early recovery after LDLT, especially in small-for-size grafts (SFSG) were shortlisted. These included acute kidney injury, SFSS, morbidity including sepsis, length of ICU and hospital stay, morbidity of the PIM technique and overall mortality. The WG noted that PIM in this subset of LDLT recipients had a beneficial effect on all the outcomes measures. CONCLUSIONS: Considering all decision domains, the panel recommends pre- and intraoperative actual graft weight validation, portal pressure/flow measurements, and a comprehensive donor evaluation for the determination of potentially small-for-size/ small-for-flow grafts as mandatory . (QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: MODERATE | GRADE OF RECOMMENDATION: : Strong) Pharmacological PIM helps improve early renal function in LDLT recipients. (Quality of Evidence: High | Grade of Recommendation: Strong) In selected patients with SFSG, PIM helps reduce SFSS/EAD and sepsis. (Quality of Evidence: Moderate | Grade of Recommendation: Strong) PIM in the form of splenectomy has increased morbidity compared to splenic artery ligation (SAL). (Quality of Evidence: Low | Grade of Recommendation: Strong) In LDLT recipients with SFSG, PIM may help reduce morbidity/mortality. (Quality of Evidence: Low | Grade of Recommendation: Strong) In LDLT recipients with SFSG, modification of portal pressures and flows enhances recovery after LDLT. (Quality of Evidence: Moderate | Grade of Recommendation: Strong) This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
World J Gastroenterol ; 28(6): 675-682, 2022 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35317428

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malignant lymphoma is a rare form of gallbladder malignancy. Most of these malignancies are diffuse large B-cell lymphomas or mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue-type lymphomas; however, Burkitt's lymphoma of the gallbladder is extremely rare, and only two previous reports are available in the literature. Herein, we report a rare case of Burkitt's lymphoma of the gallbladder mimicking gallbladder adenocarcinoma. CASE SUMMARY: An 83-year-old man with no abdominal complaints was found to have a gallbladder tumor and periportal lymph node enlargement on computed tomography (CT) performed for hypertension screening. His laboratory data revealed slightly elevated serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen and soluble interleukin 2 receptor. Imaging examinations revealed two irregular and contrast-enhanced masses extending into the gallbladder lumen, but these did not infiltrate the serosa. Moreover, a periportal lymph node had enlarged to 30 mm. Based on these findings, we diagnosed the patient as having gallbladder adenocarcinoma with lymph node metastasis, which was treated using bile duct resection with gallbladder bed resection and periportal lymph node dissection. However, the patient was finally diagnosed as having Burkitt's lymphoma. Although the surgical margin was pathologically negative, recurrence was noted at the hepatic radical margin and superior pancreaticoduodenal lymph nodes on positron emission tomography/CT soon after discharge. Thus, he was referred to a hematologist and started receiving treatment with reduced-dose cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone. CONCLUSION: Burkitt's lymphoma can occur in the gallbladder. Biopsy can be useful in cases with findings suggestive of gallbladder malignant lymphoma.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Linfoma de Burkitt/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Burkitt/cirurgia , Colecistectomia , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino
7.
J Surg Case Rep ; 2022(2): rjac005, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35145622

RESUMO

Colocutaneous fistula associated with Crohn's disease after mesh repair for inguinal hernia has not been previously reported in the literature. We report such case in an 83-year-old man following a preperitoneal repair of a left-sided inguinal hernia using Kugel patch. The patient has Crohn's disease in remission status for 4 years. One month after inguinal hernia repair, he presented with fever and left-sided inguinal pain and swelling. Computed tomography revealed abscess formation in the preperitoneal and subcutaneous space of the left-sided inguinal region. Colonoscopy showed local exacerbation of Crohn's disease in the sigmoid colon, and formation of fistula between the sigmoid colon and abdominal wall of the left-sided inguinal region. We performed mesh removal with Hartmann resection following percutaneous abscess drainage. The post-operative course was uneventful, and no sign of recurrence of the hernia was found for 3 years post-operatively.

8.
Ann Gastroenterol Surg ; 6(1): 109-118, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35106421

RESUMO

AIM: The aim was to investigate the usefulness of a preemptive management strategy that includes monitoring serum D-dimer (DD) and soluble fibrin monomer complex (SFMC) levels for early detection and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after hepatobiliary-pancreatic (HBP) surgery. METHODS: Overall, 678 patients who underwent HBP surgery between January 2010 and March 2020 were enrolled. Patients with increased postoperative serum DD or SFMC levels underwent contrast-enhanced computed tomography, and those with VTE received anticoagulant agents. The VTE risk factors were investigated using multivariable analysis. Postoperative changes in DD and SFMC levels were verified, and their ability to identify VTE was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. RESULTS: VTE developed in 83 patients (12.2%), and no symptomatic VTE or death due to VTE was observed. Multivariable analysis identified female sex (odds ratio [OR] 2.26; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.41-3.60; P < .001) and surgery duration of ≥401 min (OR 2.07; 95% CI 1.27-3.35; P < .001) as independent risk factors for VTE. Maximum serum DD and SFMC levels in patients who developed VTE were significantly higher than those in patients without VTE (DD, 15.1 vs 8.9 µg/mL, P < .001; SFMC, 18.0 vs 10.2 µg/mL, P < .001, respectively). Both DD (n = 678) and the combination of DD and SFMC levels (n = 230) showed a good ability to detect VTE (area under the ROC curve, 0.804 and 0.761, respectively). CONCLUSION: Our preemptive strategy of monitoring serum DD and SFMC levels enables early detection and treatment intervention of VTE after HBP surgery.

9.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 15(2): 363-367, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672101

RESUMO

Radical surgical procedures for malignant diseases of the pelvis result in a large pelvic defect that requires soft tissue reconstruction. The mesentery can be used for pelvic floor reconstruction when debridement with intestinal resection is required. A 75-year-old woman was diagnosed with sacral necrosis, infection and sepsis after carbon ion radiotherapy for sacral chordoma. She underwent sacral debridement three times, which resulted in a large pelvic defect of 14 × 13 cm. Surgery was performed to completely resect the necrotic tissue. We performed extended debridement of sacrum and adjacent tissue around the rectum and anus. Since it was impossible to preserve the anus, laparoscopic left hemicolectomy, abdominosacral resection, and left-sided mesocolic leaf repair for the pelvic defect, and reconstructed the pelvis and buttocks using a gluteal thigh flap were performed. Indocyanine green fluorescent (ICG) imaging was used to detect the margin of the pelvic floor and necrotic tissue and the blood flow of the left-sided mesocolic leaf flap. Left-sided mesocolic leaf reconstruction is useful for large pelvic defects. ICG imaging enabled the detection of the resection margins and the blood flow of the mesocolic leaf.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Necrose/patologia , Necrose/cirurgia , Pelve/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Sacro/patologia , Sacro/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
10.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 29(2): 1437-1448, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although various biomarkers are useful in predicting cancer prognosis, the most effective preoperative systemic biomarkers for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) have not been established. This study aimed to evaluate whether the lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) can predict the long-term outcomes for patients who were to undergo surgical resection of PDAC. METHODS: The study involved 170 patients with PDAC who underwent resection. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify the independent prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) among clinicopathologic, surgical, and seven systemic biomarker-related factors including LMR. Subgroup analysis of PDAC located in the body and tail of the pancreas (B/T PDAC) was performed (n = 60) to eliminate the influence of preoperative cholangitis and surgical procedure. Furthermore, OS according to the postoperative course of the LMR value group was investigated. RESULTS: A low LMR (<3.3) was the only independent predictive factor for OS (hazard ratio [HR], 3.52; p < 0.001) and DFS (HR, 3.31; p < 0.001) among the systemic biomarkers. Subgroup analysis of the B/T PDAC also showed that low the LMR was the independent predictive factor for OS (HR, 3.24; p = 0.002) and DFS (HR, 4.42; p = 0.003). The PDAC that maintained a high LMR from before surgery to 1 year after surgery showed good long-term outcomes (median OS, 8.5 years; 5-year survival rate, 61.8 %). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative LMR was an independent predictor of OS and DFS after surgery for PDAC. Maintaining a high LMR through the pre- and postoperative courses might improve the prognosis for patients with PDAC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Humanos , Linfócitos , Monócitos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Intern Med ; 61(6): 841-849, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34483217

RESUMO

We encountered a 47-year-old woman with polycystic liver disease (PLD) and severe malnutrition successfully treated by living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Her PLD became symptomatic with abdominal distension and appetite loss. Transcatheter arterial embolization and percutaneous cyst drainage failed to improve her symptoms. ABO-incompatible LDLT from her husband was performed after rituximab administration and mycophenolate mofetil introduction. Although she showed severe postoperative complications, she ultimately regained the ability to walk and was discharged. Because advanced PLD cases are difficult to treat conservatively or with surgery, like fenestration and hepatectomy, liver transplantation should be considered before it becomes too late.


Assuntos
Transplante de Fígado , Sistema ABO de Grupos Sanguíneos , Adulto , Incompatibilidade de Grupos Sanguíneos/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado , Doadores Vivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
Ann Transplant ; 26: e909493, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34907151

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) after pediatric liver transplantation (LT) is a common but grave complication which could eventually result in life-threatening portal hypertension. A "Rex" shunt between the superior mesenteric vein and the Rex recess of the liver has been reported to be a treatment option for extrahepatic portal vein obstruction; however, its application to living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is limited due to the availability of appropriate vein grafts. In this study, we retrospectively evaluated the effectiveness of Rex shunt as an option for the treatment of PVT after pediatric LDLT. CASE REPORT Three children underwent the Rex shunt for early (n=2) and late (n=1) PVT after LDLT using the greater saphenous vein (n=2) and the external iliac vein (n=1) from the parents who previously donated their livers. Two of the 3 children are free from symptoms with patent shunt grafts at 14 years after the procedures. One child died at 30 days after LDLT due to repeated episodes of PVT, which finally led to hepatic infarction. CONCLUSIONS The Rex shunt is feasible to treat PVT after LDLT. However, additional surgical insults to the living donor need further discussion.


Assuntos
Transplante de Fígado , Trombose Venosa , Criança , Humanos , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Doadores Vivos , Veia Porta/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/cirurgia
15.
Case Rep Oncol ; 14(3): 1347-1352, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34720940

RESUMO

Maffucci syndrome is characterized by multiple hemangiomas and enchondromas. Somatic mutations in IDH1 and IDH2 are associated with the development of Maffucci syndrome, and these patients develop various malignant nonskeletal tumors in addition to malignant skeletal tumors. We report a case of Maffucci syndrome with IDH1 mutation complicated by intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. The patient was a 35-year-old woman who was diagnosed with Maffucci syndrome in childhood. She was referred to our department because of a large hepatic tumor. Serum carcinoembryonic antigen was 27.1 ng/mL upon laboratory examination. CT scanning showed a large low-density tumor (90 × 70 mm) in the right lobe of the liver, and MRI revealed a multilobulated and fibrous tumor, which was observed as high signal intensity on T2- and diffusion-weighted images and low signal intensity on T1-weighted images. Positron emission tomography-CT revealed peritoneal dissemination and cancer spread to the muscles of the back. Finally, she was diagnosed with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with dissemination and metastases. We performed a tumor biopsy to determine a treatment plan for chemotherapy. Sanger sequencing of a tumor biopsy identified a mutation in IDH1 at c.394C>T (R132C), but the patient died of rapid cancer progression before the chemotherapy could be initiated. Although rare, malignant tumors can develop in patients with Maffucci syndrome; therefore, it is necessary to monitor these tumors through careful and periodic observation.

16.
Case Rep Surg ; 2021: 5683621, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733565

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tension-free repair using mesh has become the standard treatment for abdominal wall incisional hernias. However, its postoperative complications reportedly include mesh infection, adhesions, and fistula formation in other organs. Here, we report an extremely rare case of mesh migration into the neobladder and ileum with entero-neobladder and neobladder-cutaneous fistulas. Case Presentation. An 80-year-old male who had undergone radical cystectomy 5 years ago and abdominal wall incisional hernia repair 3 years ago presented with fever and abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed mesh migration into the neobladder and ileum. He was treated conservatively with antibiotics for a month but did not show improvement; hence, he was transferred to our hospital. He was diagnosed with mesh migration into the neobladder and ileum with complicated fistula formation. He underwent mesh removal, partial neobladder resection, and partial small bowel resection. He developed superficial incisional surgical site infection, which improved with drainage and antibiotics, and he was discharged 40 days after the surgery. CONCLUSIONS: We reported a rare case of mesh migration into the neobladder and ileum with fistula formation. Successful conservative treatment cannot be expected for this condition because mesh migration into the intestinal tract causes infection and fistula formation. Hernia repair requires careful placement of the mesh such that it does not come into contact with the intestinal tract. Early surgical intervention is important if migration into the intestinal tract is observed.

17.
Surg Case Rep ; 7(1): 218, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581917

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 is an autosomal dominant inherited disease associated with multiple skin neurofibromas or other neurogenic tumors, such as nodular plexiform neurinoma or cerebrospinal tumor. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are often complicated in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1, although involvement of the appendix is rare, and there have been few reports of appendiceal ganglioneuroma. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 29-year-old man diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type 1 based on physical findings and his family history. During the follow-up of neurofibromatosis, computed tomography was performed to detect neurological tumors, such as neurofibromas in the brain, spinal cord, and gastrointestinal tract. Computed tomography showed a markedly thickened appendix wall, and an appendiceal tumor was suspected. Laparoscopic appendectomy was performed, and a 50 × 35 mm appendiceal submucosal tumor was resected with a negative resection margin. At histopathological examination, the tumor was diagnosed as ganglioneuroma; it showed short spindle-shaped cells and ganglion cells diffusely infiltrated into the proper muscle layer and fibrous tissue that grew around nerve cells. The patient was discharged on the 5th postoperative day without postoperative complications and was doing well at 13 months following the operation. CONCLUSIONS: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor and neurofibroma are the most common gastrointestinal tumors associated with neurofibromatosis type 1, but ganglioneuroma of the appendix is rare. Appendiceal neurogenic tumors should be considered in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1, and surgical resection is necessary because of the risk of malignancy.

18.
Oncology ; 99(11): 703-712, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515195

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The usefulness of adjuvant chemotherapy in biliary tract cancer (BTC) is poorly reported. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of adjuvant gemcitabine plus S-1 (GS) chemotherapy after curative surgical resection for BTC. METHODS: 225 BTC patients who underwent surgical resection between January 2006 and May 2019 were enrolled in this study. Twenty-seven patients received adjuvant chemotherapy with GS (GS group), whereas 67 patients underwent surgery alone (S group). Twenty-three matching pairs were derived through propensity score (PS) matching analysis. Patients received 12 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy (70 mg/m2 oral S-1 for 7 consecutive days plus intravenous gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2 on day 7). The primary end point was recurrence-free survival (RFS). The secondary end points were the 1-, 2-, and 3-year RFS and overall survival (OS) rates, tolerability, and frequency of grade 3/4 toxicity. RESULTS: The completion rate was 81.5%; no treatment-related deaths were observed. Grade 3/4 adverse events were seen in 40.7% of the patients. RFS (3-year RFS rate: 59.3% vs. 39.1%, p = 0.049) and OS (3-year OS rate: 71.7% vs. 53.4%, p = 0.008) were significantly better in the GS group than in the S group among PS-matched pairs. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSION: GS chemotherapy after curative surgery was well tolerated, showed better clinical benefit in the adjuvant setting, and can effectively reduce BTC recurrence.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar/métodos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/cirurgia , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Tumor de Klatskin/tratamento farmacológico , Tumor de Klatskin/cirurgia , Ácido Oxônico/efeitos adversos , Tegafur/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Ducto Colédoco/mortalidade , Desoxicitidina/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/mortalidade , Humanos , Tumor de Klatskin/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Pontuação de Propensão , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
ANZ J Surg ; 91(10): 2074-2080, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339097

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) is one of the major causes of postoperative morbidity. Non-surgical management is generally applied to non-strangulated ASBO. Several factors have been reported to affect the response to non-surgical management in patients with ASBO. However, the association between sex differences and non-strangulated ASBO remains unclear. This study aimed to elucidate the effect of sex differences in non-strangulated postoperative ASBO. METHODS: We divided 139 patients with a first episode of non-strangulated postoperative ASBO into two groups: male group (n = 83) and female group (n = 56). Clinical features and prognosis were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Female patients had lower proportions of oesophageal/gastric malignancies (P = 0.044) and colorectal malignancies (P = 0.030) and a higher proportion of uterine/ovarian malignancies (P < 0.001) than male patients did. More female patients required surgical management than male patients (P = 0.003) did. Hospital length of stay (LOS) was longer (P = 0.046) in the female group than in the male group. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the female sex was associated with an increased risk of the need for surgical management (odds ratio 5.318, P = 0.006). Cox proportional hazards regression analysis revealed that the female sex was positively associated with increased LOS (hazard ratio 0.687, P = 0.045). CONCLUSION: Female sex was associated with failure of non-surgical management and increased LOS in patients with non-strangulated postoperative ASBO.


Assuntos
Obstrução Intestinal , Caracteres Sexuais , Adesivos , Feminino , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aderências Teciduais/complicações , Aderências Teciduais/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Surg Open Sci ; 6: 1-4, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perforated appendicitis without an associated abscess necessitates emergency surgery. However, it is difficult to predict the presence of perforation before surgery, and the predictive factors are still unclarified. Our purposes were to characterize a patient population with perforated appendicitis without an associated abscess to identify the preoperative predictive factors of appendiceal perforation. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 150 patients who underwent appendectomy for acute appendicitis at our institution from June 2018 to November 2020. Logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze the concurrent effects of various factors on the prevalence of perforated appendicitis. RESULTS: Forty (29%) of 150 patients had appendiceal perforation detected intraoperatively. Of these 40 patients, only 19 had appendiceal perforation detected on preoperative computed tomography. Multivariable analysis found that a higher C-reactive protein level, higher total bilirubin level, and the presence of an appendiceal fecalith were independent predictive factors for appendicitis with perforation. CONCLUSION: Our analysis suggests that the presence of an appendiceal fecalith, a total bilirubin level of more than 21.38 µmol/L, and a C-reactive protein level of more than 3.0 × 104 µg/L are predictive factors of perforated appendicitis.

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