Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 8 de 8
Filtrar
1.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(3): 252-257, set. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012418

RESUMO

RESUMEN: La reabsorción condilar como complicación postoperatoria en cirugía ortognática es una causa frecuente de recidiva de anomalías dentomaxilares, existiendo diversos factores que se relacionan con su aparición. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir mediante una revisión narrativa la reabsorción condilar como complicación postoperatoria en cirugía ortognática. Se realizó una búsqueda electrónica de la literatura en las bases de datos electrónicas PubMed, EBSCO, TripDatabase y Epistemonikos sin límite de años, en idioma inglés y español, incluyendo revisiones sistemáticas, ensayos clínicos y estudios observacionales. Se excluyeron reportes de casos, estudios en animales y aquellos que no relacionaran la complicación con cirugía ortognática. Se evaluaron los estudios según grado de recomendación y calidad de reporte. Veintiún artículos fueron seleccionados según los criterios de selección establecidos en esta revisión. La literatura reportada sugiere que la reabsorción condilar es una patología de frecuencia relativa en pacientes postoperados de cirugía ortognática (1,4-32 % de los casos) y que está asociada a factores de riesgo preoperatorios tales como género, edad, tipo de anomalía dentomaxilar y técnica quirúrgica utilizada. La reabsorción condilar es una complicación postoperatoria a cirugía ortognática que debemos considerar en la planificación del tratamiento e identificar pacientes con factores de riesgo. Luego de la intervención quirúrgica es de vital importancia realizar un seguimiento estricto a este tipo de pacientes e identificar de forma temprana cambios clínicos y radiográficos. Finalmente, es importante seguir investigando sobre esta materia para establecer criterios de prevención y diagnóstico, con mayor claridad.


ABSTRACT: Condylar resorption as a complication following orthognathic surgery is considered to cause dento-facial anomalies, relating to different pre and intra-operative factors. The aim of the research was to describe condylar resorption as a postoperative complication after orthognathic surgery. A review of the literature was made in four databases: PubMed, EBSCO, Trip database and Epistemonikos. The search was carried out without year limiting, articles in English and Spanish, including systematic reviews, observational studies and clinical trials. Exclusion criteria were applied for report cases, animal studies and articles that do not relate condylar resorption with orthognathic surgery. Quality of evidence and strength of the recommendations were assessed for the chosen studies. For this study 21 articles were selected following the inclusion criteria. The literature found reported that condylar resorption is a relatively frequent complication following orthognathic surgery (1.4-32 % of frequency) and that it can be associated with several factors such as genre, age, dento-maxillary anomaly and surgical technique. Condylar resorption is a complication that we must consider in the planning of orthognathic surgery, in order to identify risk factors and patients who are more likely to present this post-surgical complication. Following surgery, strict follow-up is a key factor to determine early clinical and radiographic changes. Finally, further research is needed to establish stronger prevention and diagnostic criteria.

2.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(2): 123-131, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1002294

RESUMO

RESUMEN: Las fisuras labiopalatinas corresponden a las malformaciones de cabeza y cuello de mayor prevalencia a nivel mundial; dentro de las cuales, aquellas que no están asociadas a síndrome son las más frecuentes. Los pacientes que sufren estas malformaciones presentan en muchos casos hipoplasia maxilar. La distracción osteogénica maxilar mediante distractor externo rígido constituye una alternativa de tratamiento para la corrección de esta deficiencia esqueletal. Describir los cambios faciales y su estabilidad en el tiempo, en pacientes con fisura labio palatina no sindrómica sometidos a distracción osteogénica maxilar con distractor externo rígido. Se realizó una búsqueda estratégica en las bases de datos PubMed, Epistemonikos, EBSCO, BEIC y The Cochrane Library a través de las palabras clave cleft palate; cleft lip and palate; distraction osteogenesis; osteodistraction; callotasis; callotases; callus distraction, maxillary hypoplasia; midface hypoplasia; hypoplastic maxilla; maxillary deficiency; retromaxilla y maxillary retrognatism; con los términos booleanos AND y OR. Se seleccionaron 20 artículos: 2 revisiones sistemáticas, 3 ensayos clínicos, 14 estudios observacionales descriptivos y 1 estudio observacional analítico. La distracción osteogénica maxilar con distractor externo rígido corresponde a una alternativa efectiva en el tratamiento de la retrusión del tercio medio en pacientes con fisura labiopalatina no sindrómica. Esta técnica, sin embargo, no consigue cambios completamente estables, existiendo múltiples factores relacionados con su recidiva.


ABSTRACT: Cleft lip and palate is the world's most prevalent head and neck malformation, within which, nonsyndromic is the most frequent. Patients with this malformation in many cases present maxillary hypoplasia. Maxillary distraction osteogenesis through a rigid external distractor constitutes an alternative to correct this skeletal deficiency. The objective of this study was to describe facial changes and their stability over time in non-syndromic cleft lip and palate patients undergoing distraction osteogenesis through rigid external distractor. An electronic search was carried out in PubMed database, Epistemonikos, EBSCO, BEIC and The Cochrane Library through the keywords cleft palate; cleft lip and palate; distraction osteogenesis; osteodistraction; callotasis; callotases; callus distraction, maxillary hypoplasia; midface hypoplasia; hypoplastic maxilla; maxillary deficiency; retromaxilla and maxillary retrognatism, related to each other with the Boolean terms AND and OR. For this analysis 20 articles were selected: 2 systematic reviews, 3 clinical trials, 14 descriptive observational studies and 1 analytic observational study. Maxillary distraction osteogenesis through rigid external distractor is an effective alternative in the treatment of midface retrusion in non-syndromic cleft lip and palate patients. However, this technique does not completely achieve stable changes, due to multiple factors related to its recurrence.

3.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(4): 362-367, dic. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-975758

RESUMO

RESUMEN: Uno de los objetivos de la cirugía maxilofacial es devolver anatomía, función y estética a través de distintas técnicas quirúrgicas. Dentro de los tejidos utilizados para esto se encuentra el cuerpo adiposo de la mejilla (CAM). La gran evidencia clínica existente y el conocimiento que se tiene acerca de este tejido ha permitido poder utilizarlo como injerto o colgajo para el tratamiento de una serie de condiciones que afectan al territorio maxilofacial con buenos resultados tanto estéticos como funcionales. Describir las diferentes indicaciones que tiene el CAM como colgajo e injerto autólogo para el tratamiento de las distintas anomalías que afectan al territorio maxilofacial. Se realizó una búsqueda entre abril y junio de 2018 utilizando 3 bases de datos electrónicas: PubMed, EBSCO y Cochrane. Las palabras clave utilizadas fueron buccal fat pad, bichat's fat pad y oral surgery con la selección del término booleano AND y OR. Se seleccionaron aquellos estudios publicados entre los 2014 y 2018, de texto completo. Se seleccionaron 17 artículos de que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión; 2 revisiones sistemáticas, 8 ensayos clínicos, 6 estudios observacionales y una serie de casos. El uso del CAM como injerto y colgajo para la corrección de anomalías en el territorio maxilofacial es una técnica versátil y predecible. La totalidad de los estudios analizados avalan su uso en dicho campo. Se necesitan más estudios clínicos aleatorizados, con un mayor número de casos, seguimiento a largo plazo y parámetros a evaluar para establecer una conclusión final sobre el uso del CAM en las diversas aplicaciones de la cirugía maxilofacial.


ABSTRACT: One of the main objectives of maxillofacial surgery is to restore patient normal anatomy, function and esthetic. Among the various tissues used to achieve the above, is the buccal fat pad. Currently, there is sufficient clinical evidence and knowledge regarding this tissue type, to approve its use as graft or flap, in order to treat a number of conditions that affect the maxillofacial area. Furthermore, it has shown various esthetical as well as functional results. The purpose of this narrative review is to describe different indications of the buccal fat pad, as a flap and autologous graft in treating various maxillofacial abnormalities. A search was conducted between april and june 2018 using 3 electronic data bases: PubMed, EBSCO and Cochrane library. Key words used were buccal fat pad, Bichat's fat pad y oral surgery using Boolean terms AND/ OR. Studies published between 2014 and 2018 were selected. For the study, 17 complete text studies that met the inclusion criteria were selected; two systematic reviews, eight randomized clinical trials, six observational studies and one case series. The use of the buccal fat pad as flap and graft for correcting maxillofacial abnormalities, is a predictable and versatile technique. The total number of studies analyzed, support its use in this surgical field. In conclusion and despite these results however, there is a need for further randomized clinical trials with a greater number of cases, long term follow up, and greater parameter assessment to support the use of the buccal fat pad in maxillofacial surgery.

4.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(1): 14-21, Mar. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-893179

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Recent technical and technological advancements in orthognathic surgery concepts, intricate in the diagnosis and treatment planning for corrections of dento-facial deformities, have achieved stable oro-dental functional occlusion and facial esthetic harmony. Undeniably, this can be attributed to the integration of modern, innovative and advanced facial analysis and computer-aided imaging exams into well-orchestrated and executed orthodontic and surgical methods. Three-Dimensional (3-D) virtual planning is a fine example. Today, the acquisition of 3-D images of a patient's craniofacial complex via cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), supported by software tools allowing the construction of 3-D dynamic and interactive visual models, eliminates the uncertainty experienced with two-dimensional images. Thereby allowing for a more accurate or predictable treatment plan and efficient surgery, especially for patients with complex dento-facial deformities. This review article aims to describe the current benefits as well as shortcomings of 3-D virtual planning via discussing examples and illustrations from orthognathic procedures, attained from the reported English and Spanish literature during the last 10 years. It is designed to deliver updated and practical guidelines for dental practitioners and specialists (particularly, oral and maxillofacial), as well as researchers involved in 3-D virtual approaches as an alternative to conventional/traditional surgical planning; thereby validating its superiority or benefits in terms of outcome prediction for soft and hard tissues, operational timeand cost-effectiveness; for its integration in day-to-day practise.


RESUMEN: Los recientes avances técnicos y tecnológicos en los conceptos de la cirugía ortognática, involucrados en la planificación del diagnóstico y tratamiento para la corrección de deformidades dento-faciales han sido notablemente considerables en lograr una oclusión oro-dental funcional y una estética facial armónica. Innegablemente, esto se puede atribuir a la integración de análisis faciales avanzados, modernos e innovadores y exámenes de imágenes asistidos por computadora a métodos ortodonticos y quirúrgicos bien orquestados y ejecutados. La planificación virtual tri-dimensional (3-D) es un buen ejemplo. Hoy, la adquisición de imágenes 3-D del complejo cranio-facial de pacientes vía tomografía computarizada cone beam (TCCB), apoyada por herramientas computacionales, permite la construcción de modelos visuales 3-D dinámicos e interactivos, eliminando la incertidumbre experimentada con las imágenes bi-dimensionales. Permitiendo, de este modo, un plan de tratamiento más preciso o predecible y una cirugía más eficaz, especialmente para pacientes con deformaciones dento-faciales complejas. Este artículo de revisión tiene como objetivo el describir los actuales beneficios, así como las limitaciones de la planificación virtual a través de la discusión de ejemplos de procedimientos ortognáticos, obtenidos de la literatura reportada en inglés y español durante los últimos 10 años. Fue diseñado para entregar una actualización resumida y una guía práctica para los practicantes y especialistas interesados (particularmente, oro y maxilofaciales), explícitamente, así como a los investigadores involucrados en aproximaciones 3-D como una alternativa a la planificación quirúrgica convencional/tradicional; validando así su superioridad o beneficios en términos de predicción de resultados para tejidos blandos y duros, efectividad en tiempo operacional y costos; para su integración en la práctica cotidiana.


Assuntos
Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos/métodos , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Cefalometria , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos/instrumentação , Interface Usuário-Computador
5.
Photomed Laser Surg ; 36(1): 3-9, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29022844

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the application of photobiomodulation in a 2-year follow-up period in patients who have been intervened with a sagittal ramus split osteotomy and present neurosensory disturbance of the inferior alveolar nerve. BACKGROUND: Photobiomodulation is a common clinical tool in dentistry, for its beneficial effects have been shown in surgical and periodontal wound healing, reducing of swelling and pain, neurosensory recovery, and treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders. METHODS: This is a 2-year follow-up study with an experimental (Laser) group (n = 33) that received photobiomodulation, and a control (Sham) group (n = 9), placebo. All patients from the Laser group received laser applications (continuous wave of 0.353 W/cm2, 27 J in 270 sec per session) on days 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 14, 21, and 28 after surgery. Neurosensory disturbance was evaluated with five tests: Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain and sensitivity, sensitivity threshold test, two-point discrimination, and thermal discrimination. All tests were performed before (24 h before surgery) and after surgery (24 h, 28 days, 60 days, 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, more than 2 years). Participants and evaluator were blinded to intervention. Variables were described with absolute frequencies, percentages, and medians. Ordinal and dichotomous variables were compared with Mann-Whitney's and Fisher's tests, respectively. RESULTS: Clinical improvement was observed during the follow-up period for the Laser group; general VAS for sensitivity was normal in 11 participants from the Laser group at 2 years postsurgery (40.74%), while no participants from the Sham group achieved this (p = 0.0341). Twenty-three participants recovered initial values for two-point discrimination (69.7%) after 2 years of follow-up (p = 0.0025) as well as sensitivity threshold test. General VAS for pain was normal in 31 patients from the Laser group after 2 years of follow-up (93.94%, p = 0.0254). CONCLUSIONS: Photobiomodulation was effective for neurosensory recovery on sample studied.


Assuntos
Traumatismos dos Nervos Cranianos/radioterapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Nervo Mandibular/fisiopatologia , Osteotomia Sagital do Ramo Mandibular/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Traumatismos dos Nervos Cranianos/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Regeneração Nervosa/fisiologia , Osteotomia Sagital do Ramo Mandibular/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/radioterapia , Medição de Risco , Distúrbios Somatossensoriais/etiologia , Distúrbios Somatossensoriais/radioterapia , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 11(2): 217-223, June 2017. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-893253

RESUMO

Describir la frecuencia de erupciones acneiformes y/o exacerbaciones de un acné previo tras una cirugía ortognática. La muestra consta de 57 pacientes (n=57) de ambos sexos, sometidos a una cirugía ortognática, los cuales fueron evaluados en: el preoperatorio (0-7 días previos); en distintas etapas de la cirugía; postoperatorio inmediato (7 ­ 15 días post cirugía) y postoperatorio mediato (30 ­ 40 días postquirúrgicos). En todos los controles clínicos mencionados se determinó la presencia/ausencia, ubicación, severidad y diagnóstico de las erupciones acneiformes. El 52,6 % de los pacientes sometidos a cirugía ortognática presentaron erupciones acneiformes, siendo mayores en las mujeres en comparación con los hombres. La severidad de las erupciones acneiformes es mayor en el postoperatorio inmediato en comparación al preoperatorio y postoperatorio mediato. La ubicación más frecuente del acné corresponde a la región frontal, tanto en el preoperatorio (22,8 %) como en el postoperatorio inmediato (31,6 %). En el postoperatorio mediato la zona más frecuente es la geniana (39 %). La frecuencia de acné post cirugía ortognática es elevada, siendo mayor en mujeres que en hombres. La severidad de este acné es mayor en el postoperatorio inmediato. La región frontal corresponde a la zona más frecuente de aparición de las erupciones acneiformes en el postoperatorio inmediato y la zona geniana en el postoperatorio mediato. El diagnóstico de estas erupciones acneiformes corresponde a un acné esteroidal, por lo que se puede sugerir un posible plan de tratamiento, con el fin de mejorar el postoperatorio de las pacientes y evitar, en lo posible, futuras manifestaciones en nuevas pacientes sometidas a este tipo de cirugía.


Describe the frequency of acneiform eruptions and / or exacerbations of a previous acne after orthognathic surgery. The sample consisted of 57 patients (n = 57) of both genders, undergoing orthognathic surgery, who were evaluated with a follow-up of 2 postoperative months, at different stages of surgery; Preoperative (0-7 days), immediate postoperative (7-15 days) and mediate postoperative (30-40 days). The presence / absence, location, severity and diagnosis of acneiform eruptions were determined in all clinical controls. The frequency of acneiform eruptions corresponds to 52.6 % of patients undergoing orthognathic surgery, being higher in women compared to men in relation to the presence of acneiform eruptions and / or exacerbations of a previous acne after the intervention. The severity of acneiform eruptions is greater in the immediate postoperative period compared to the preoperative and mediate postoperative period. The most frequent location to be found in the facial region is in the frontal area, both in the preoperative (22.8 %) and in the immediate postoperative period (31.6 %). In the postoperative period, the most frequent is the genial area (39 %). The appearance of acneiform eruptions corresponds to steroidal acne. The frequency of acne post orthognathic surgery is high, being higher in women than in men. The severity of this acne is greater in the immediate postoperative period. The frontal region corresponds to the most frequent area of onset of acneiform eruptions in the immediate postoperative period and the genial area in the postoperative period. The diagnosis of these acneiform eruptions corresponds to a steroidal acne, so it is possible to suggest a possible treatment plan, in order to improve the postoperative of the patients and to avoid, as far as possible, future manifestations in new patients undergoing this type of surgery.

7.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 19(4): 327-334, jul. 2014. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-124792

RESUMO

Objectives: Evaluate the effect on the application of low level laser therapy, in patients that have been previously intervened with a sagittal ramus split osteotomy and present neurosensory impairment due to this surgery, compared with placebo. Study Design: This preliminary study is a randomized clinical trial, with an experimental group (n=17) which received laser light and a control group (n=14), placebo. All participants received laser applications, divided after surgery in days 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 14, 21 and 28. Neurosensory impairment was evaluated clinically with 5 tests; visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and sensitivity, directional and 2 point discrimination, thermal discrimination, each one of them performed before and after surgery on day 1, and 1, 2 and 6 months. Participants and results evaluator were blinded to intervention. Variables were described with absolute frequencies, percentages and medians. Ordinal and dichotomous variables were compared with Mann Whitney’s and Fisher’s test respectively. Results: Results demonstrate clinical improvement in time, as well as in magnitude of neurosensory return for laser group; VAS for sensitivity reached 5 (normal), 10 participants recovered initial values for 2 point discrimination (62,5%) and 87,5% recovered directional discrimination at 6 months after surgery. General VAS for sensitivity showed 68,75% for laser group, compared with placebo 21,43% (p-value = (0.0095). Left side sensitivity (VAS) showed 3.25 and 4 medians for placebo and laser at 2 months, respectively (p-value = (0.004). Conclusions: Low-level laser therapy was beneficial for this group of patients on recovery of neurosensory impairment of mandibular nerve, compared to a placebo (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Traumatismos do Nervo Trigêmeo/cirurgia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Osteotomia Sagital do Ramo Mandibular/efeitos adversos , Parestesia/etiologia , Nervo Mandibular , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Placebos/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Casos e Controles
8.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 19(4): e327-34, 2014 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24608207

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect on the application of low level laser therapy, in patients that have been previously intervened with a sagittal ramus split osteotomy and present neurosensory impairment due to this surgery, compared with placebo. STUDY DESIGN: This preliminary study is a randomized clinical trial, with an experimental group (n=17) which received laser light and a control group (n=14), placebo. All participants received laser applications, divided after surgery in days 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 14, 21 and 28. Neurosensory impairment was evaluated clinically with 5 tests; visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and sensitivity, directional and 2 point discrimination, thermal discrimination, each one of them performed before and after surgery on day 1, and 1, 2 and 6 months. Participants and results evaluator were blinded to intervention. Variables were described with absolute frequencies, percentages and medians. Ordinal and dichotomous variables were compared with Mann Whitney's and Fisher's test respectively. RESULTS: RESULTS demonstrate clinical improvement in time, as well as in magnitude of neurosensory return for laser group; VAS for sensitivity reached 5 (normal), 10 participants recovered initial values for 2 point discrimination (62,5%) and 87,5% recovered directional discrimination at 6 months after surgery. General VAS for sensitivity showed 68,75% for laser group, compared with placebo 21,43% (p-value = (0.0095)). Left side sensitivity (VAS) showed 3.25 and 4 medians for placebo and laser at 2 months, respectively (p-value = (0.004)). CONCLUSION: Low-level laser therapy was beneficial for this group of patients on recovery of neurosensory impairment of mandibular nerve, compared to a placebo.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Nervos Cranianos/etiologia , Doenças dos Nervos Cranianos/radioterapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Nervo Mandibular , Osteotomia Sagital do Ramo Mandibular/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA