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1.
J Hematol Oncol ; 15(1): 54, 2022 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical efficacy of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines according to antibody response in immunosuppressed patients such as hematological patients has not yet been established. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective multicenter registry-based cohort study conducted from December 2020 to December 2021 by the Spanish transplant and cell therapy group was used to analyze the relationship of antibody response at 3-6 weeks after full vaccination (2 doses) with breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 infection in 1394 patients with hematological disorders. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 165 days after complete immunization, 37 out of 1394 (2.6%) developed breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 infection at median of 77 days (range 7-195) after full vaccination. The incidence rate was 6.39 per 100 persons-year. Most patients were asymptomatic (19/37, 51.4%), whereas only 19% developed pneumonia. The mortality rate was 8%. Lack of detectable antibodies at 3-6 weeks after full vaccination was the only variable associated with breakthrough infection in multivariate logistic regression analysis (Odds Ratio 2.35, 95% confidence interval 1.2-4.6, p = 0.012). Median antibody titers were lower in cases than in non-cases [1.83 binding antibody units (BAU)/mL (range 0-4854.93) vs 730.81 BAU/mL (range 0-56,800), respectively (p = 0.007)]. We identified 250 BAU/mL as a cutoff above which incidence and severity of the infection were significantly lower. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights the benefit of developing an antibody response in these highly immunosuppressed patients. Level of antibody titers at 3 to 6 weeks after 2-dose vaccination links with protection against both breakthrough infection and severe disease for non-Omicron SARS-CoV-2 variants.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Doenças Hematológicas , Anticorpos Antivirais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Doenças Hematológicas/complicações , Doenças Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 28(4): 204.e1-204.e10, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35108627

RESUMO

Post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCY) effectively prevents graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after unmanipulated HLA-haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and achieves low rates of GVHD in HLA-identical transplantation. To compare the outcomes of haploidentical versus HLA identical HSCT in patients undergoing HSCT for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) using PTCY. We conducted a retrospective study of 229 patients undergoing first HSCT for AML using PTCY with additional immunosuppression, 99 from matched sibling or unrelated donor (MSD/MUD) performed in 3 hospitals and 130 from haploidentical donors (haplo group) performed in 20 hospitals within the Spanish Group of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation and Cellular Therapy. Peripheral blood stem cells were used as graft in 89% of patients; myeloablative conditioning was used in 56%. There were significantly more patients with active disease (5% versus 20%, P = .001), high/very high disease risk index (DRI) (32% versus 67%, P = .000) and prior auto-HSCT (2% versus 11%, P = .010) in the haplo group. Median follow-up was 27 and 62.5 months for MSD/MUD and haplo, respectively. At 2 years, no significant differences were observed in overall survival (OS) (72% versus 62%, P = .07), event-free survival (EFS) (70% versus 54%, P = .055), cumulative incidence of relapse (19% versus 25%, P = .13), non-relapse mortality (14% versus 19%, P = .145), and the composite endpoint of GVHD and relapse-free survival (49% versus 42%, P = .249). Multivariate analysis identified only age and active disease as significant risk factors for OS and EFS; reduced-intensity conditioning, high/very high DRI, and haplo donor were nearly statistically significant for these outcomes. Grade II-IV acute GVHD was lower in MSD/MUD (14% versus 47%, P = .000). Cumulative incidences of grade III-IV acute GVHD (4% versus 9%, P = .14) and moderate-severe chronic GVHD (22% versus 19%, P = .28) were similar. Limitations of our study include limited sample size, differences between haplo and MSD/MUD groups and heterogeneous additional immunosuppression and PTCY timing in MSD/MUD. The use of an HLA-identical donor with PTCY in patients with AML showed lower incidence of clinically significant grade II-IV acute GVHD compared to haplo donors. Further studies with larger sample sizes should be performed to establish a possible benefit of HLA-identical donor on survival. © 2022 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doadores não Relacionados
3.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 172, 2022 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35189833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the multi-drug resistant bacteria (MDRB) colonization rate in hematological patients hospitalized for any cause using a multi-body-site surveillance approach, and determine the extent to which this screening strategy helped anticipate MDRB bloodstream infections (BSI). METHODS: Single-center retrospective observational study including 361 admissions documented in 250 adult patients. Surveillance cultures of nasal, pharyngeal, axillary and rectal specimens (the latter two combined) were performed at admission and subsequently on a weekly basis. Blood culture samples were incubated in an automated continuous monitoring blood culturing instrument (BACTEC FX). RESULTS: In total, 3463 surveillance cultures were performed (pharyngeal, n = 1201; axillary-rectal, n = 1200; nasal, n = 1062). MDRB colonization was documented in 122 out of 361 (33.7%) admissions corresponding to 86 patients (34.4%). A total of 149 MDRB were isolated from one or more body sites, of which most were Gram-negative bacteria, most frequently non-fermenting (n = 83) followed by Enterobacterales (n = 51). BSI were documented in 102 admissions (28%) involving 87 patients. Overall, the rate of BSI caused by MDRB was significantly higher (p = 0.04) in the presence of colonizing MDRB (16 out of 47 admissions in 14 patients) than in its absence (9 out of 55 admissions in 9 patients). Colonization by any MDRB was independently associated with increased risk of MDRB-BSI (HR, 3.70; 95% CI, 1.38-9.90; p = 0.009). CONCLUSION: MDRB colonization is a frequent event in hematological patients hospitalized for any reason and is associated with an increased risk of MDRB BSI. The data lend support to the use of MDRB colonization surveillance cultures for predicting the occurrence of MDRB BSI in this cohort.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Sepse , Adulto , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bacteriemia/tratamento farmacológico , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico
4.
J Clin Gastroenterol ; 56(4): 285-298, 2022 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35125404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal symptoms are common in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), related to infection of severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) of intestinal cells through the angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor in the brush border. Also, patients are treated with multiple antibiotics. Therefore, an increase in gut dysbiosis and in the prevalence of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is expected in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: A PubMed search was conducted using the terms "gut microbiota," "gut mycobiota," "dysbiosis" AND "COVID-19"; "Clostridium difficile," "Clostridioides difficile" AND "COVID-19"; "probiotics," "bacteriotherapy AND COVID-19." Only case series, observational and experimental studies were included. RESULTS: A total of 384 papers were retrieved and 21 fulfilled selection criteria. Later, a new paper was identified, thus 22 papers were reviewed. Main findings: (1) gut bacterial dysbiosis has been found in fecal samples of COVID-19 patients, with enrichment of opportunistic organisms and decrease of beneficial commensals such as Faecalibacterium prausnitizii. Dysbiosis is related to inflammatory markers and illness severity. (2) There is evidence for abnormal gut barrier and bacterial translocation with a negative impact in the lungs. (3) Fungal dysbiosis correlating with pulmonary mycobiota, has also been found. (4) There is controversy in the CDI rates among COVID-19 patients versus controls and pandemic versus prepandemic era. (5) There is no available evidence yet to support bacteriotherapy in COVID-19. (6) Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been proposed for COVID-19, although there is no evidence to support it. Also, FMT can be safely used during the pandemic for CDI if strict screening protocols for donors and fecal product are implemented. CONCLUSIONS: In COVID-19 there is bacterial and fungal dysbiosis that correlates with systemic and pulmonary inflammation, and illness severity. Further investigations are warranted to determine the efficacy of bacteriotherapy and FMT for modulating gut dysbiosis in COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Clostridioides difficile , Infecções por Clostridium , COVID-19/terapia , Infecções por Clostridium/terapia , Disbiose/microbiologia , Disbiose/terapia , Transplante de Microbiota Fecal/métodos , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Am J Hematol ; 97(1): 30-42, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695229

RESUMO

This is a multicenter prospective observational study that included a large cohort (n = 397) of allogeneic (allo-HSCT; (n = 311) and autologous (ASCT) hematopoietic stem cell transplant (n = 86) recipients who were monitored for antibody detection within 3-6 weeks after complete severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccination from February 1, 2021, to July 20, 2021. Most patients (n = 387, 97.4%) received mRNA-based vaccines. Most of the recipients (93%) were vaccinated more than 1 year after transplant. Detectable SARS-CoV-2-reactive antibodies were observed in 242 (78%) of allo-HSCT and in 73 (85%) of ASCT recipients. Multivariate analysis in allo-HSCT recipients identified lymphopenia < 1 × 109 /ml (odds ratio [OR] 0.33, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.16-0.69, p = .003), active graft versus host disease (GvHD; OR 0.51, 95% CI 0.27-0.98, p = .04) and vaccination within the first year of transplant (OR 0.3, 95% CI 0.15-0.9, p = .04) associated with lower antibody detection whereas. In ASCT, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL; OR 0.09, 95% CI 0.02-0.44, p = .003) and active corticosteroid therapy (OR 0.2, 95% CI 0.02-0.87, p = .03) were associated with lower detection rate. We report an encouraging rate of SARS-CoV-2-reactive antibodies detection in these severe immunocompromised patients. Lymphopenia, GvHD, the timing of vaccine, and NHL and corticosteroids therapy should be considered in allo-HSCT and ASCT, respectively, to identify candidates for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies monitoring.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Immunology ; 165(2): 234-249, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775592

RESUMO

COVID-19 disease is the manifestation of syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, which is causing a worldwide pandemic. This disease can lead to multiple and different symptoms, being lymphopenia associated with severity one of the most persistent. Natural killer cells (NK cells) are part of the innate immune system, being fighting against virus-infected cells one of their key roles. In this study, we determined the phenotype of NK cells after COVID-19 and the main characteristic of SARS-CoV-2-specific-like NK population in the blood of convalescent donors. CD57+ NKG2C+ phenotype in SARS-CoV-2 convalescent donors indicates the presence of 'memory'/activated NK cells as it has been shown for cytomegalovirus infections. Although the existence of this population is donor dependent, its expression may be crucial for the specific response against SARS-CoV-2, so that, it gives us a tool for selecting the best donors to produce off-the-shelf living drug for cell therapy to treat COVID-19 patients under the RELEASE clinical trial (NCT04578210).


Assuntos
Transferência Adotiva , Doadores de Sangue , COVID-19/imunologia , Convalescença , Memória Imunológica , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0254135, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383780

RESUMO

The number of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantations has risen in the past 20 years. The practice of outpatient Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation programs is increasing in an attempt to improve the quality of patient care and reduce the demand for hospital admission. A systematic review of 29 comparative studies between in-hospital and outpatient treatment of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, with no restriction by outpatient regime was conducted. This study aims to analyse the current evidence on the effects of the outpatient model on patient-centred outcomes, comparing both in-hospital and outpatient models for autologous and allogeneic HSCT using the Triple Aim framework: health outcomes, costs and experience of care. We found evidence on improved health outcomes and quality of life, on enhanced safety and effectiveness and on reduced overall costs and hospital stays, with similar results on overall survival rates comparing both models for autologous and allogeneic patients. We also found that the outpatient Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation is a safe practice as well as less costly, it requires fewer days of hospital stay both for autologous and allogeneic transplantations. Under a situation of an increasing number of transplants, rising healthcare costs and shortages of hospital capacity, incorporating outpatient models could improve the quality of care for people requiring Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation programs.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/economia , Tempo de Internação/economia , Modelos Econômicos , Qualidade de Vida , Custos e Análise de Custo , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Autólogo , Transplante Homólogo
10.
Br J Haematol ; 194(4): 708-717, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296432

RESUMO

In myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), the 20q deletion [del(20q)] may cause deletion of the ASXL1 gene. We studied 153 patients with MDS and del(20q) to assess the incidence, prognostic value and impact on response to azacitidine (AZA) of ASXL1 chromosomal alterations and genetic mutations. Additionally, in vitro assay of the response to AZA in HAP1 (HAP1WT ) and HAP1 ASXL1 knockout (HAP1KN ) cells was performed. ASXL1 chromosomal alterations were detected in 44 patients (28·5%): 34 patients (22%) with a gene deletion (ASXL1DEL ) and 10 patients (6·5%) with additional gene copies. ASXL1DEL was associated with a lower platelet count. The most frequently mutated genes were U2AF1 (16%), ASXL1 (14%), SF3B1 (11%), TP53 (7%) and SRSF2 (6%). ASXL1 alteration due to chromosomal deletion or genetic mutation (ASXL1DEL /ASXL1MUT ) was linked by multivariable analysis with shorter overall survival [hazard ratio, (HR) 1·84; 95% confidence interval, (CI): 1·11-3·04; P = 0·018] and a higher rate for acute myeloid leukaemia progression (HR 2·47; 95% CI: 1·07-5·70, P = 0·034). ASXL1DEL /ASXL1MUT patients were correlated by univariable analysis with a worse response to AZA. HAP1KN cells showed more resistance to AZA compared to HAP1WT cells. In conclusion, ASXL1 alteration exerts a negative impact on MDS with del(20q) and could become useful for prognostic risk stratification and treatment decisions.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Azacitidina/uso terapêutico , Deleção Cromossômica , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Prognóstico
11.
Curr Res Transl Med ; 69(4): 103304, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303899

RESUMO

Patients with postransplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) who are refractory to rituximab-based regimens have extremely poor prognosis. Data is lacking in the setting of solid organ transplantation (SOT)-related PTLD treated with chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy. Moreover, limited information is available on the influence of concomitant immunosuppressive drugs on CAR-T function. Here, we describe the clinical outcome in one PTLD patient and propose a strategy for tailoring immunosuppressive treatment and organ monitoring in patients with kidney allografts after CAR-T infusion. This report also reviews the limited published data in the setting of SOT-related PTLD treated with CAR-T, which appears to be a feasible treatment in this clinical scenario, without severe toxicity and capable of inducing sustained responses. A noteworthy finding is that in most reported cases patients underwent complete or partial discontinuation of immunosuppressive drugs, with only one documented case of allograft rejection.


Assuntos
Transtornos Linfoproliferativos , Transplante de Órgãos , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/etiologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/terapia , Transplante de Órgãos/efeitos adversos , Transplantados
12.
J Clin Apher ; 36(5): 697-710, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185332

RESUMO

We conducted a multicenter interventional study to assess the efficacy of Therakos ECP to treat steroid-resistant graft-vs-host disease (SRes-GVHD) after allogeneic HSCT and to identify biomarkers of GVHD response. A total of 62 patients were treated for acute SRes-GVHD (n = 37) or chronic SRes-GVHD (n = 25). Median time to best response was 35 days (range, 28-85) and 90 days (range, 27-240) in acute and chronic SRes-GVHD, respectively. Overall, 27 patients (72.9%) with SRes-aGVHD responded to treatment (40.5% CR and 32.4% PR). The response rate was significantly higher in grade I-II than in grade III-IV aGVHD (100% vs 50.0%, respectively, P-value = .001). In chronic SRes-GVHD, 22 patients (88%) achieved a clinical response (24.0% CR and 64% PR). Response was higher in moderate than in severe SRes-cGVHD (100% vs 75%, P = .096). In both acute and chronic SRes-GVHD patients, the percentage of peripheral blood CD3+ CD4+ was higher and CD3+ CD8+ lower in responding than nonresponding patients. Acute SRes-GVHD responding patients presented a higher number of Treg cells (CD4+ CD25+ CD127low/- ) at day 0 (P = .028) than nonresponding patients, differences that were maintained over the observation period. Phenotypic analysis of T-cell maturation showed a trend toward reduction in TCD8 naive cells, along with an increased percentage of TCD8 Mem Efect T cells after starting ECP in responding patients. None of the studied serum cytokines displayed statistically significant changes in either acute or chronic SRes-GVHD. ECP is an effective treatment for patients with SRes-GVHD. Biomarkers could help guide decision-making on ECP treatment initiation and duration.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Fotoferese/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Citocinas/sangue , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Cancer Med ; 10(10): 3214-3223, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932100

RESUMO

Tisagenlecleucel (tisa-cel) is a second-generation autologous CD19-targeted chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy approved for relapsed/refractory (R/R) large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL). The approval was based on the results of phase II JULIET trial, with a best overall response rate (ORR) and complete response (CR) rate in infused patients of 52% and 40%, respectively. We report outcomes with tisa-cel in the standard-of-care (SOC) setting for R/R LBCL. Data from all patients with R/R LBCL who underwent leukapheresis from December 2018 until June 2020 with the intent to receive SOC tisa-cel were retrospectively collected at 10 Spanish institutions. Toxicities were graded according to ASTCT criteria and responses were assessed as per Lugano 2014 classification. Of 91 patients who underwent leukapheresis, 75 (82%) received tisa-cel therapy. Grade 3 or higher cytokine release syndrome and neurotoxicity occurred in 5% and 1%, respectively; non-relapse mortality was 4%. Among the infused patients, best ORR and CR were 60% and 32%, respectively, with a median duration of response of 8.9 months. With a median follow-up of 14.1 months from CAR T-cell infusion, median progression-free survival and overall survival were 3 months and 10.7 months, respectively. At 12 months, patients in CR at first disease evaluation had a PFS of 87% and OS of 93%. Patients with an elevated lactate dehydrogenase showed a shorter PFS and OS on multivariate analysis. Treatment with tisa-cel for patients with relapsed/refractory LBCL in a European SOC setting showed a manageable safety profile and durable complete responses.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Leucaférese/métodos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Padrão de Cuidado
14.
EClinicalMedicine ; 33: 100787, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33842870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a complication of allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). ASP0113, a DNA-based vaccine, contains two plasmids encoding human CMV glycoprotein B and phosphoprotein 65 (pp65). We assessed ASP0113 in CMV-seropositive allo-HCT recipients. METHODS: In this phase 3, randomised, placebo-controlled study, CMV-seropositive allo-HCT recipients were randomly assigned (1:1) via interactive response technology to receive five injections of 1 mL of 5 mg/mL ASP0113 or placebo. The pharmacist and designated staff were unblinded. Masked syringes maintained the blind for patients and study personnel. Efficacy and safety analyses included patients who received ≥1 dose of ASP0113/placebo. The primary efficacy endpoint was the proportion of allo-HCT recipients with composite all-cause mortality and adjudicated CMV end-organ disease (EOD) by 1 year post-transplant. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01877655 (not recruiting). FINDINGS: Patients were recruited between Sept 11, 2013 and Sept 21, 2016. Overall, 501 patients received ≥1 dose of ASP0113 (n = 246) or placebo (n = 255). The proportion of patients with composite all-cause mortality and adjudicated CMV EOD by 1 year post-transplant was 35.4% (n = 87) with ASP0113 and 30•2% (n = 77) with placebo (odds ratio 1.27; 95% confidence interval: 0.87 to 1.85; p = 0.205). Incidence of injection site-related treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) was higher with ASP0113 than placebo. Overall incidence and severity of other TEAEs was similar between groups. T-cell response to pp65 increased over time and was greater with placebo than ASP0113 (p = 0.027). INTERPRETATION: ASP0113 did not reduce overall mortality or CMV EOD by 1 year post-transplant. Safety findings were similar between groups. FUNDING: Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc .

15.
Transpl Infect Dis ; 23(4): e13627, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33908148

RESUMO

The potential role of active CMV infection in promoting acute Graft-versus-Host Disease (aGvHD) in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) remains a matter of debate. We further addressed this issue conducting a retrospective, observational, multicenter study of 632 patients subjected to allogeneic peripheral blood HSCT at 20 Spanish centers. Monitoring of CMV DNA load in plasma or whole blood was performed by real-time PCR assays. Cumulative incidence of CMV DNAemia was 48.9% (95% CI, 45%-52.9%), of any grade aGvHD, 45.6; 95% (CI, 41.3%-50.1%), and of grade II-IV aGvHD, 30.7 (95% CI, 24.9%-36.4%). Overall, development of CMV DNAemia at any level resulted in an increased risk of subsequent all grade (HR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.08 - 1.76; P = .009) or grade II-IV (HR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.22 - 2.06; P = .001) aGvHD. The increased risk of aGvHD linked to prior occurrence of CMV DNAemia was similar to the above when only clinically significant episodes were considered for the analyses (HR for all grade aGvHD, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.13 - 1.91; P = .041, and HR for grade II-IV aGvHD, 1.53; 95% CI. 1.13-1.81; P = .04). The CMV DNA doubling time in blood was comparable overall in episodes of CMV DNAemia whether followed by aGvHD or not. Whether CMV replication is a surrogate risk marker of aGvHD or it is causally involved is an important question to be addressed in future experimental research.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue Periférico , Citomegalovirus/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 27(6): 493.e1-493.e8, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33857447

RESUMO

Despite advances in understanding the biology of mature T and natural killer (NK)/T cell neoplasia, current therapies, even the most innovative ones, are still far from ensuring its cure. The only treatment to date that has been shown to control aggressive T cell neoplasms in the long term is allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT). We aim to report the results of alloSCT for advanced mature T and NK/T neoplasias performed in centers from our national GELTAMO/GETH (Grupo Español de Linfoma y Trasplante de Médula Ósea/Grupo Español de Trasplante Hematopoyético y Terapia Celular) over the past 25 years. As a secondary objective, we analyzed the results of alloSCT from haploidentical donors. We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients who received an alloSCT in Spanish centers (n = 201) from September 1995 to August 2018. The 2-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were 65.5% and 58.2%, respectively. The univariate for OS and DFS showed statistically different hazard ratios for conditioning intensity, response pre-alloSCT, comorbidity index, donor/receptor cytomegalovirus status and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) pre-alloSCT, but only a better ECOG pre-alloSCT remained significant in the multivariate analysis. There was an increased incidence of relapse in those patients who did not develop chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and an increased risk of death in those developing moderate to severe acute GVHD. The 1-year nonrelapse mortality was 21.9% and was mainly due to GVHD (30%) and bacterial infections (17%). When comparing unrelated donors with haploidentical donors, we found similar results in terms of OS and DFS. There was, however, a reduction of acute GVHD in the haploidentical group (P = .04) and trend to a reduction of chronic GVHD. In conclusion, alloSCT is the only curative option for most aggressive T cell neoplasias. Haploidentical donors offer similar results to related donors in terms of survival with a reduction of acute GVHD.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(8): 1919-1928, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767400

RESUMO

We performed a retrospective multicenter study including 140 patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) from March 1995 to November 2018. Our objective was to analyze long term outcomes. Seventy-four percent had received a previous auto-SCT (ASCT) and the median number of lines pre-allo-SCT was 3 (range 1-9). Three year-event free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were 38% and 44%, respectively. Non-relapse mortality (NRM) at day 100 was 19%. Cumulative incidence of grade III-IV acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) at day 100 was 16% and moderate/severe chronic GVHD at 3 years 34%. Active disease at allo-SCT (HR 1.95, p = 0.039) (HR 2.19, p = 0.019), HCT-CI ≥ 2 (2.45, p = 0.002) (HR 2.33, p = 0.006) and donor age >37 years (HR 2.75, p = 0.014) (HR 1.98, p = 0.043) were the only independent variables both for PFS and OS, respectively. NRM was significantly modified by HCT-CI ≥ 2 (HR 4.8, p = 0.008), previous ASCT (HR 4.4, p = 0.048) and grade III-IV acute GVHD on day 100 (HR 6.13, p = 0.016). Our data confirmed that allo-SCT is a curative option for patients with R/R DLBCL, displaying adequate results for fit patients with chemosensitive disease receiving an allo-SCT from a young donor.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Adulto , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante
18.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(7): 1593-1602, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33526919

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) remains the only curative option in MF. There is no consensus on the optimal conditioning regimen. We report outcomes of 187 patients with MF transplanted between 2010 and 2017 conditioned with TBF. Median age was 58 years. Median interval from diagnosis to allo-HCT was 44 months. Donors were haploidentical (41%), unrelated (36%) or HLA-identical siblings (23%). Stem cell source was PB in 60%. Conditioning was myeloablative in 48% of cases. Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) was used in 41% of patients. At 100 days, neutrophil and platelet engraftment were 91% and 63% after a median of 21 and 34 days, respectively. Grade II-IV and III-IV acute GVHD occurred in 24% and 12%, while at 3 years, all grade chronic GVHD and chronic extensive GVHD had been diagnosed in 38% and 11%. At 3 years, OS, RFS and GRFS were 55%, 49% and 43%, respectively. RI and NRM were 17% and 33%. On multivariate analysis, poor KPS and the use of unrelated donors were associated with worse GRFS and a higher grade II-IV acute GVHD, respectively. Neither donor type nor intensity of the conditioning regimen influenced survival outcomes. TBF is a feasible conditioning regimen in allo-HCT for MF in all donor settings although longer term outcomes are required.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Neoplasias , Mielofibrose Primária , Bussulfano , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tiotepa , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Vidarabina/uso terapêutico
19.
J Med Virol ; 93(8): 4773-4779, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605457

RESUMO

It is uncertain whether gastrointestinal (GI) infection caused by viral and bacterial pathogens may predispose to gastrointestinal acute Graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD-GI) in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients (allo-HSCT). We investigated the potential association between detection of enteropathogenic viruses or bacteria in stools and subsequent occurrence of aGvHD-GI in a cohort of 121 allo-HSCT patients. Eighty-six out of 121 patients (71%) had acute diarrhea and underwent screening for primary GI pathogens by molecular diagnostic methods. One or more GI pathogens were detected in 27 out of the 86 patients with diarrhea (31.3%). Specifically, Clostridioides difficile was found in 16 patients (18.6%), enteropathogenic viruses in 11 patients (12.7%) (Astrovirus, n = 4; Norovirus, n = 2; Sapovirus, n = 2; Adenovirus, n = 2; and Rotavirus, n = 1), and Campylobacter spp. in two patients (2.3%). Thirty patients were diagnosed with all grade aGvHD-GI by histopathology. Detection of primary GI pathogens was achieved in 12 out of 30 patients (Clostridium difficile, n = 5; enteric viruses, n = 8; Campylobacter spp., n = 1) who either subsequently developed (n = 9) or previously had (n = 3) grade I-IV IaGvHD (n = 9). Neither the detection of these microorganisms (all combined), enteric viruses, nor C. difficile was significantly associated with subsequent aGvHD-GI development in Cox models (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.11, p = .80; HR = 1.64, p = .62; HR = 0.75, p = .64, respectively). Analogous results were obtained when grade II-IV aGvHD-GI was selected as the clinical outcome. In summary, data in the current study did not support an association between GI infection and subsequent occurrence of aGvHD-GI in an unselected cohort of allo-HSCT recipients.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/complicações , Gastroenteropatias/microbiologia , Gastroenteropatias/virologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Viroses/complicações , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/patogenicidade , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Fezes , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Vírus/classificação , Vírus/genética , Vírus/isolamento & purificação , Adulto Jovem
20.
Am J Transplant ; 21(1): 258-271, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32812351

RESUMO

The net impact of cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNAemia on overall mortality (OM) and nonrelapse mortality (NRM) following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) remains a matter of debate. This was a retrospective, multicenter, noninterventional study finally including 749 patients. CMV DNA monitoring was conducted by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays. Clinical outcomes of interest were OM and NRM through day 365 after allo-HSCT. The cumulative incidence of CMV DNAemia in this cohort was 52.6%. A total of 306 out of 382 patients with CMV DNAemia received preemptive antiviral therapy (PET). PET use for CMV DNAemia, but not the occurrence of CMV DNAemia, taken as a qualitative variable, was associated with increased OM and NRM in univariate but not in adjusted models. A subcohort analysis including patients monitored by the COBAS Ampliprep/COBAS Taqman CMV Test showed that OM and NRM were comparable in patients in whom either low or high plasma CMV DNA threshold (<500 vs ≥500 IU/mL) was used for PET initiation. In conclusion, CMV DNAemia was not associated with increased OM and NRM in allo-HSCT recipients. The potential impact of PET use on mortality was not proven but merits further research.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Citomegalovirus/genética , DNA Viral/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos
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