Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 11 de 11
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Bioorg Chem ; 88: 102956, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054432

RESUMO

Multitargeted therapy is considered a successful approach to cancer treatment. The development of small molecule multikinase inhibitors through hybridization strategy can provide highly potent and selective anticancer agents. A library of N-alkyl-2-[(4-oxo-3-(4-sulfamoylphenyl)-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-2-yl)thio]acetamide derivatives 5-18 was designed and synthesized. The synthesized compounds were screened for cytotoxic activity against MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line and showed IC50 in the range of 0.34-149.10 µM. The inhibition percentage of VEGFR-2 was measured for all the compounds and found to be in the range of 90.09-20.44%. The promising compounds 8, 12, 13, 16 and 17 were selected to measure their possible multikinase inhibitory activity against VEGFR-2 and EGFR. IC50 of the promising compounds were in the range of 247-793 nM for VEGFR-2 in reference to sunitinib (IC50 320 nM), and 369-725 nM for EGFR in reference to erlotinib (IC50 568 nM). Compounds 12 and 13 showed the most potent activity towards VEGFR-2 & EGFR, respectively. Measuring the cytotoxicity of 12 and 13 against MCF-10 normal breast cell line indicates their relative safety to normal breast cells (IC50 37 & 97 µM, respectively). As radiotherapy is considered the primary treatment for some types of solid tumors, the radiosensitizing ability of 12 and 13 was measured by subjecting the MDA-MB-231 cells to a single dose of 8 Gy of gamma radiation. IC50 of 12 and 13 decreased from 1.91 & 0.51 µM to 0.79 & 0.43 µM, respectively. Molecular docking was performed to gain insights into the ligand-binding interactions of 12 inside VEGFR-2 and EGFR binding sites in comparison to their co-crystallized ligands.

2.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1030-1040, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31074303

RESUMO

A series of sulphonamide benzoquinazolinones 5-18 was synthesized and evaluated for cytotoxic activity against MDA-MB-231 cell line. The compounds showed IC50 ranging from 0.26 to 161.49 µM. The promising compounds were evaluated for their inhibitory profile against epidermal growth factor (EGFR) and HER2 enzymes. Compound 10 showed more potent activity on both EGFR and HER2 than erlotinib (IC50 3.90 and 5.40 µM versus 6.21 and 9.42 µM). The pro-apoptotic activity of 10 was evaluated against caspase-3, Bax, B-cell lymphoma protein 2 (Bcl-2) expression levels, and cell cycle analysis. Compound 10 increased the level of caspase-3 by 10 folds, Bax level by 9 folds, decreased the level of the Bcl-2 by 0.14 and arrested the cell cycle in the G2/M phase. The radio-sensitizing activity of 10 was measured using a single dose of 8 Gy gamma radiation (IC50 decreased from 0.31 to 0.22 µM). Molecular docking was performed on EGFR and HER2 receptors.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Quinazolinonas/farmacologia , Radiossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Quinazolinonas/síntese química , Quinazolinonas/química , Radiossensibilizantes/síntese química , Radiossensibilizantes/química , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química
3.
Bioorg Chem ; 80: 611-620, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30041137

RESUMO

Dual targeting of EGFR and HER2 is a proven anticancer strategy for the treatment of solid tumors. An array of new N-substituted-2-(4-oxo-3-(4-sulfamoylphenyl)-3,4-dihydrobenzo[g]quinazolin-2-ylthio) acetamides 5-18 were designed and synthesized from the starting compound 4-(2-mercapto-4-oxobenzo[g]quinazolin-3(4H)-yl) benzenesulfonamide 4. The targeted compounds were screened for their cytotoxic activity against MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line. The IC50 of all the compounds were in the range of 0.36-40.90 µM. The percentage inhibition towards EGFR was measured and found to be in the range of 63.00-16.90 %. The most potent compounds 5, 9, 15, 17 and 18 were further screened for their activity against both EGFR and HER2 receptors. The compounds showed IC50 in the range of 0.64-1.81 µM for EGFR and 1.13-2.21 µM for HER2, in comparison to erlotinib, the reference drug. Compound 17, the most potent towards EGFR in this series, undergoes cell cycle analysis and was found to arrest the cycle at the G2/M phase. Measurement of the cytotoxicity of compound 17 against normal breast cell line showed mild cytotoxic activity. The most potent compounds were subjected to a single dose of 8 Gy of γ-radiation and the cytotoxicity of the tested compounds was found to increase after irradiation, thus proving the synergistic effect of γ-irradiation. Molecular docking was adopted for all the synthesized compounds to confirm their mechanism of action.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Radiossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Quinazolinas/química , Radiossensibilizantes/química , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Sulfonamidas/química
4.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 33(1): 67-73, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29098904

RESUMO

Targeting EGFR has proven to be beneficial in the treatment of several types of solid tumours. So, a series of novel 2-(4-oxo-3-(4-sulfamoylphenyl)-3,4-dihydrobenzo[g]quinazolin-2-ylthio)-N-substituted acetamide 5-19 were synthesised from the starting material 4-(2-mercapto-4-oxobenzo[g]quinazolin-3(4H)-yl) benzenesulfonamide 4, to be evaluated as dual EGFR/HER2 inhibitors. The target compounds 5-19, were screened for their cytotoxic activity against A549 lung cancer cell line. The percentage inhibition of EGFR enzyme was measured and compared with erlotinib as the reference drug. Compounds 6, 8, 10, and 16 showed excellent EGFR inhibitory activity and were further selected for screening as dual EGFR/HER2 inhibitors. The four selected compounds showed IC50 ranging from 0.009 to 0.026 µM for EGFR and 0.021 to 0.069 µM for the HER2 enzyme. Compound 8 was found to be the most potent in this study with IC50 0.009 and 0.021 µM for EGFR and HER2, respectively.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Quinazolinas/síntese química , Quinazolinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
5.
Chem Cent J ; 11(1): 42, 2017 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29086825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A series of novel N-(2, 6-dimethoxypyrimidin-4-yl)-4-(3-(aryl)thioureido) benzenesulfonamides 3a-t was synthesized by the addition of N-(2,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-4-yl)-4-isothiocyanatobenzenesulfonamide 2 to the appropriate aromatic amine. The structures of the synthesized compounds were inspired from the second line antituberculosis pro-drugs. RESULTS: Most of the new compounds were screened for their activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The results of the antimycobacterial assay showed that compound 3i exerted the highest activity (MIC = 3.13 µg/mL), followed by compound 3s (MIC = 6.25 µg/mL). CONCLUSION: The structure-activity relationship (SAR) analysis revealed that the introduction of the benzo[1,3]dioxol moiety in 3i and the 4-morpholinyl-4-phenyl moiety in 3s has proven to give the most potent compounds in this study. Docking of the promising compounds inside the active site of M. tuberculosis enoyl reductase InhA was performed in order to emphasize the results. The compounds showed a similar orientation to that of GSK 625 inside the active site of 5JFO and bind to Met 98 in a way similar to that of the co-crystallized ligand.

6.
Eur J Med Chem ; 141: 84-91, 2017 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29028534

RESUMO

An array of some new N-(substituted)-2-((4-oxo-3-(4-sulfamoylphenyl)-3,4-dihydrobenzo[g]quinazolin-2-yl)thio)acetamide 5-19 were synthesized from the starting compound 4-(2-mercapto-4-oxobenzo[g]quinazolin-3(4H)-yl)benzenesulfonamide 4, to be assessed for their cytotoxic activity against A549 lung cancer cell line and to determine their inhibitory effect on EGFR tyrosine kinase enzyme. Compounds 5-19 showed high activity towards A549 cell line with IC50 values of 0.12-8.70 µM. Compounds 6, 12 and 18 were the most potent in this series. These compounds were further screened as dual inhibitors for EGFR/HER2 enzymes in comparison with erlotinib and were found to possess very potent activity. Compound 12 showed the highest activity with IC50 values of 0.06 µM and 0.30 µM towards EGFR and HER2, respectively. Accordingly, the apoptotic effect of the most potent compounds 6, 12 and 18 was investigated and showed a marked increase in the level of caspases-3 by 6, 9 and 8 folds, respectively, compared to the control cells. Moreover, Molecular modeling was performed inside the active site of EGFR, keeping in mind their binding possibilities, bond lengths, angles and energy scores. It was found that the most active compounds demonstrated the best binding scores in the active site of EGFR, which may clarify their high inhibition profile.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Quinazolinas/síntese química , Quinazolinas/química , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química
8.
Eur J Med Chem ; 134: 304-315, 2017 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28427017

RESUMO

Hybrid molecules are used as anticancer agents to improve effectiveness and diminish drug resistance. So, the current study aimed to introduce twenty novel phenothiazine sulfonamide hybrids 5-22, 24 and 25 of promising anticancer activity. Compounds 11 and 13 revealed more potent anticancer properties (IC50 8.1 and 8.8 µM) than that of the reference drug (doxorubicin, IC50 = 9.8 µM) against human breast cancer cell line (T47D). To determine the mechanism of their anticancer activity, compounds 5, 6, 7, 11, 13, 14, 16, 17, 19 and 22 that showed promising activity on T47D, were evaluated for their aromatase inhibitory effect. The study results disclose that the most potent aromatase inhibitors 11 and 13 showed the lowest IC50 (5.67 µM and 6.7 µM), respectively on the target enzyme. Accordingly, the apoptotic effect of the most potent compound 11 was extensively investigated and showed a marked increase in Bax level up to 55,000 folds, and down-regulation in Bcl2 to 5.24*10-4 folds, in comparison to the control. Furthermore, the effect of compound 11 on caspases 3, 8 and 9 was evaluated and was found to increase their levels by 20, 34, and 8.9 folds, respectively, which indicates the activation of both intrinsic and extrinsic pathways. Also, the effect of compound 11 on the cell cycle and its cytotoxic effect were examined. Moreover, a molecular docking and computer aided ADMET studies were adopted to confirm their mechanism of action.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores da Aromatase/química , Inibidores da Aromatase/farmacologia , Fenotiazinas/química , Fenotiazinas/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Aromatase/metabolismo , Mama/efeitos dos fármacos , Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/química , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia
9.
Anticancer Agents Med Chem ; 17(10): 1411-1425, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28356021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thiourea derivatives bearing sulfonamide moiety are well known for their anticancer activity. OBJECTIVE: The anticancer activity of the target compounds was studied, via inhibition of COX-2 enzyme. METHOD: A series of novel thioureas 5a-n, 8, quinazoline 6, benzo[g]quinazoline 7 and benzo[1,3] dioxole 10, bearing a sulfonamide moiety was synthesized from the starting compound N-(2,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-4-yl)-4- isothiocyanatobenzenesulfonamide 2. The target compounds were screened against HepG2, MCF-7, Caco-2, HCT-116, PC-3 cancer cell lines and VERO-B normal cell line. RESULTS: Out of all the tested compounds, compound 5c showed a broad selective cytotoxicity against HepG2, MCF-7, Caco-2 and PC-3 cancer cells. Moreover, a sensitization assay was performed on Caco-2 cells, and compound 5c proved to act as a chemosensitizer for cisplatin on colon cancer (Caco-2) cells. The target compounds were further screened in vitro for their anti COX1/COX2 activity and investigated in vivo as antiinflammatory agents against carrageenan-induced rat paw oedema model. CONCLUSION: Compound 5g showed the most selective inhibitory activity against COX-2. While, compounds 5a, 6, 5m, 5n, 5g and 5i revealed significant anti-inflammatory effect as presented in carrageenan-induced oedema assay. Molecular docking of the tested compounds disclosed important binding modes which may be responsible for their anticancer activity via inhibition of the COX-2 enzyme.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Tioureia/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/síntese química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/química , Tioureia/síntese química , Tioureia/química
10.
Eur J Med Chem ; 124: 299-310, 2016 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27597407

RESUMO

A series of novel heterocyclic thioureas 3a-u containing sulfonamide moiety have been synthesized by the condensation of isothiocyanatobenzenesulfonamide 2 with a variety of heterocyclic amines. The newly synthesized heterocyclic thioureas were investigated for their antimicrobial and anticancer activity. The in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activity were done using well diffusion method. Interestingly, compounds 3j and 3m, showed similar or better activity compared with the reference drug against the tested microorganisms. Although, 3j was less active among its analogues to inhibit the breast carcinoma cells, it exhibit strong broad spectrum antimicrobial activities. However, The results of the cytotoxic activity revealed that compound 3p was the most active against the breast carcinoma cell line (MCF-7) giving promising IC50 value of 1.72 µg/mL, compared with reference drug (5-flourouracil) with IC50 value of 4.8 µg/mL. The most potent compounds in cytotoxic activity 3b and 3p were further docked inside the active site of CAIX and were found to exhibit a proper binding with the active site amino acids according to their bond lengths, angles and conformational energy.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Sulfonamidas/química , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Tioureia/química , Anti-Infecciosos/metabolismo , Antígenos de Neoplasias/química , Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Anidrase Carbônica IX/química , Anidrase Carbônica IX/metabolismo , Domínio Catalítico , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/metabolismo
11.
Eur J Med Chem ; 117: 8-18, 2016 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27085944

RESUMO

A novel series of sulfonamide derivatives 4-21 have been synthesized starting from the strategic starting material (E)-4-Chloro-N-(4-(1-(2-(2-cyanoacetyl)hydrazono)ethyl)phenyl) benzenesulfonamide 4. Two series of hydrazone 5-9, and pyridone 10-21 derivatives bearing a sulfonamide moiety were obtained. All the newly synthesized compounds were evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxic activity against human liver cancer cell line (HepG2). Compounds 4-6, 8, 9, 10-14 and 16-18 showed higher activity compared to doxorubicin as a positive control. The radiosensitizing ability of the most promising compounds 4, 10 and 12 was studied which showed an increase in the cell killing effect of γ-radiation after combination with these derivatives. The molecular design was performed to predict the binding mode of the most promising compounds 4, 10 and 12 with the active site of hCA IX, that showed appropriate fitting with the relevant amino acids in the binding pocket on the basis of standard bond lengths, angles, S score and E conformation data.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Radiossensibilizantes/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Sítios de Ligação , Desenho de Drogas , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Raios gama , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Radiossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Sulfonamidas/química , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA