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1.
Burns ; 48(2): 404-412, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervicofacial burn (CB) is a unique type of burn, involving the lateral part of the face, neck and chest region with significant skin contractures. Temporomandibular joint (TJ) pain and orofacial myalgia (OM) are the major problems in physiotherapy context to treat. Laser is commonly used as an adjunct therapy in painful conditions. However, clinical studies are lacking in investigating the effects of gallium-arsenide (Ga-As) super pulsed laser therapy on temporomandibular joint pain and orofacial myalgia following healed cervicofacial burn patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of clinical and functional efficacy of Ga-As super pulsed laser therapy on temporomandibular joint pain with orofacial myalgia following healed cervicofacial burn patients. METHODS: Through two block random sampling method, the eligible participants were randomized and allocated into active laser (Active-L; n = 18) and placebo laser (Placebo-L; n = 18) groups. The Active-L group received laser treatment and the Placebo-L group received placebo laser effect (inactive laser) with regular physiotherapy care for 3 times in a week for 4 weeks. Primary (pain intensity, pain threshold, pain frequency) and secondary (mouth opening, disability level and quality of life) measures were measured at baseline, after the end 4th week, 8th week and 6 month follow up. RESULTS: Baseline subjective and clinical attributes show homogenous presentation among the study groups (p > 0.05). After four weeks of treatment, and at the end of 6 months follow up, the pain intensity, 2.9 (CI 95% 2.80-3.00), pain threshold 19.2 (CI 95% -30.4 to -7.9), pain frequency 3.4 (CI 95% 3.14-3.65), mouth opening, -16.0 (CI 95%-16.5 to -15.4), disability level 11.3 (CI 95%11.14-11.45), and quality of life -31.7 (CI 95%-37.1 to -26.2) showed more improvement (p < 0.001) in Active-L group than Placebo-L group. CONCLUSION: The reports of this study proved that, four weeks active laser therapy with regular physiotherapy care has an ideal treatment protocol for temporomandibular joint pain with orofacial myalgia following healed cervicofacial burn. This study also provided a new knowledge for physiotherapists in the field of temporomandibular joint pain rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Gálio , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Artralgia , Queimaduras/complicações , Queimaduras/terapia , Gálio/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Mialgia/complicações , Mialgia/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/complicações , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 39(5): 362-368, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685237

RESUMO

Objective: This study explored the different effects of pulsed high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) versus pulsed electromagnetic field (EMF) in the treatment of chronic nonspecific low back pain (ChNsLBP). Methods: Between August and December 2019, 51 ChNsLBP participants with a mean age of 35.2 ± 8.6 years were enrolled in this prospective comparative study. At random, they were divided into three groups, 17 in each; HILT, EMF, and controls. HILT group was recruited for Nd:YAG laser using the following parameters: a wavelength of 1064 nm, fluency of 610-810 mJ, frequency of 10-40 Hz, average power of 10.5 W, and 120 µs short pulse duration in scanning mode. All groups received the treatment twice a week for 8 consecutive weeks. They were assessed for the modified Oswestry disability index (MODI), pain disability index (PDI), visual analog scale (VAS), and lumbar flexion range of motion (flex ROM) before and after 8 weeks of study program. Results: The results showed greater improvement in the HILT group (VAS, PDI, MODI, and lumbar flex ROM, p = 0.001) than the EMF group (VAS, p = 0.002, PDI, p = 0.045, MODI, p = 0.002, and lumbar flex ROM, p = 0.042), with significant difference between the two groups in favor of the HILT group (p ˂ 0.05). Conclusions: Depending on the results of the study, both HILT and EMF are useful physiotherapy modalities in the treatment of ChNsLBP with HILT exhibiting better outcomes than EMF. Clinical recommendations should be highlighted to instigate the use of HILT in the management of musculoskeletal disorders, distinctively ChNsLBP.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Dor Lombar , Adulto , Campos Eletromagnéticos , Humanos , Dor Lombar/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Exercise and dietary interventions are used to control dyslipidemia and depression in obese individuals, whilst rare investigations have examined the concurrent effects of a low-fat diet and moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training (MIAET) on dyslipidemia and depression in obese patients. Hence, we assessed the potential influences of a low-fat diet combined with MIAET on blood lipids and depression in those individuals. METHODS: Forty-two obese patients aged 30-50 years have been enrolled in this randomized controlled trial. They have been randomized equally into MIAET group (n=14, 60-70% of the maximum heart rate (Max HR), three sessions a week), a low-fat diet group (n=14, fat, 30% Kcal/day), and a low-fat diet plus MIAET (n=14) for 10 consecutive weeks. Body mass index (BMI), lipid profile, and Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS) have been assessed on two occasions, pre and post- 10 weeks. RESULTS: It was demonstrated that a low-fat diet group showed an improvement in total cholesterol (T-Ch), p=0.046, with no changes in triglycerides (TGs), p=0.343, low-density lipoproteins (LDLs), p=0.187, and high-density lipoproteins (HDLs), p=0.224; however, MIAET group showed an improvement in TGs, p=0.042, HDLs, p=0.038 with no changes in T-Ch, p=0.126, and LDLs, p=0.368. Regarding the low-fat diet plus MIAET group, significant improvements were identified in TGs, p=0.003, T-Ch, p<0.001, LDLs, p=0.004, and HDLs, p<0.001. For the depression status, all groups showed a significant improvement in HDRS, p<0.001, with a low-fat diet plus MIAET group showing greater advantages, p<0.05. CONCLUSION: The results of the current trial suggest an important implication for promoting improvement in blood lipids and a reduction in depression status in obese patients with dyslipidemia following 10-week of a concurrent low-fat diet and moderate-intensity aerobic exercise more than low-fat diet or MIAET alone.


Assuntos
Dieta com Restrição de Gorduras , Dislipidemias , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/terapia , Dislipidemias/diagnóstico , Dislipidemias/terapia , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/terapia
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351591

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Limited studies have assessed the effect of moderate-intensity continuous aerobic exercise on hepatic fat content and visceral lipids in hepatic patients with diabesity. This study was designed to evaluate hepatic fat content and visceral lipids following moderate-intensity continuous aerobic exercise in hepatic patients with diabesity. DESIGN: A single-blinded randomised controlled trial. METHODS: Thirty-one diabetic obese patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease were recruited into this study. The patients were randomly classified into exercise and control groups, fifteen patients in the exercise group and sixteen patients in the control group. The exercise group received an 8-week moderate-intensity continuous aerobic exercise program with standard medical treatment, while the control group received standard medical treatment without any exercise program. Hepatic fat content and visceral lipids were assessed before and after intervention at the end of the study. RESULTS: Baseline and clinical characteristics showed a nonsignificant difference between the two groups (p > 0.05). At the end of the intervention, the aerobic exercise showed significant improvements (serum triglycerides and low-density lipoproteins (LDLs), p ≤ 0.002, total cholesterol, p=0.004, visceral fats, p=0.016, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C), p=0.022, high-density lipoproteins (HDLs), p=0.038, alanine transaminases (AL), p=0.044, intrahepatic triglyceride and HOMA-IR, p=0.046, and body mass index (BMI), p=0.047), while the control group showed a nonsignificant difference (p > 0.05). The postintervention analysis showed significant differences in favor of the aerobic exercise group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-intensity continuous aerobic exercise reduces the hepatic fat content and visceral lipids in hepatic patients with diabesity. Recommendations should be prescribed for encouraging moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training, particularly hepatic patients with diabesity.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(10): e19471, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some studies assessed the effect of aerobic exercise on diabetic obese patients with hepatic disease, while very limited studies compared high-intensity interval (HII) versus moderate-intensity continuous (MIC) on diabetic obese patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess the effects of HII versus MIC on intrahepatic triglycerides (IHTG) and visceral lipids in diabetic obese patients with NAFLD. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Forty-seven diabetic obese individuals with NAFLD were enrolled in this study. The individuals were randomly divided into 16 in HII group, 15 in MIC group, and 16 in the controls. HII group received HII exercise, MIC group received 8-week MIC exercise while the control group did not receive any exercise intervention. IHTG and visceral lipids were assessed pre- and post-intervention. RESULTS: Baseline and clinical characteristics showed nonsignificant difference among the 3 groups (P > .05). Both HII and MIC groups showed a significant reduction in hepatic fat and visceral lipids (P < .05), while the controls showed nonsignificant difference (P > .05) after completing the study intervention. Postintervention analysis showed nonsignificant changes between the HII and MIC groups (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Exercise training wither HII or MIC aerobic exercise reduces IHGT and visceral lipids in diabetic obese patients with NAFLD. No differences were observed between the effects of both exercise programs on diabetic obese patients with NAFLD.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade , Lipídeos/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Obesidade/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17146, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567954

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) will progress to end stage without treatment, the decline off renal function may not linear. A sensitive marker such as soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptors (suPARs) may allow potential intervention and treatment in earlier stages of CKD. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to measure plasma (suPAR) in patients with CKD with different stages and to find its correlation with the disease severity. METHODS: This study was conducted on 114 subjects, 84 were patients with different stages and different causes of CKD, and 30 healthy subjects as controls. Blood urea, serum creatinine, serum high-sensitive C-reactive protein, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and 24 hours proteinuria were measured, renal biopsy was done for all patients, and plasma (suPAR) was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: suPAR plasma levels were significantly higher in patients with CKD (7.9 ±â€Š3.82 ng/mL) than controls (1.76 ±â€Š0.77 ng/mL, P < .001). suPAR correlated with the disease severity. In stage 1 to 2 group, it was 3.7 ±â€Š1.5 ng/mL, in stage 3 to 4, it was 10.10 ±â€Š1.22 ng/mL, and in stage 5 group, it was 12.34 ±â€Š0.88 ng/mL; the difference between the 3 groups was highly significant (P < .001). A cutoff point 2.5 ng/mL of suPAR was found between controls and stage 1 group. According to the cause of CKD, although patients with obstructive cause and those with focal glomerulosclerosis had the higher levels 9.11 ±â€Š3.32 ng/mL and 8.73 ±â€Š3.19 ng/mL, respectively, but there was no significant difference between patients with CKD according to the cause of the CKD. CONCLUSION: Plasma (suPAR) increased in patients with CKD and correlated with disease severity.


Assuntos
Receptores de Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase/sangue , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Creatinina/sangue , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Ureia/sangue , Adulto Jovem
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16820, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393414

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure related depression is recently increased worldwide. Heart failure (HF) disease is identified as a critical cause of increasing morbidity, hospital readmission, and mortality. The most important purpose of treatment of HF disease is to relief disease problems, improve functional performance, and achieve better quality of life. OBJECTIVES: This study was proposed to evaluate the effects of low to moderate-intensity exercise program vs moderate-intensity continuous exercise program on the level of depressive disorder in heart failure patients. STUDY DESIGN: 12-week randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Sixty nine HF patients with mild to moderate level of depression and ejection fraction <40% were examined before and after 12-week intervention. Their age was ranged from 40 to 60 years. Patients were randomly classified into 3 groups. Group I (n = 23) received low to moderate intensity exercise program (LMIEP), group II (n = 23) received moderate-intensity exercise program (MICEP), and group III (n = 23) did not receive any exercise program (Non-exercised group). All patients were instructed to conduct home-based exercise with their pharmacological therapy. The level of depression was evaluated before and after 12 weeks of the intervention program. RESULTS: The 3 study groups were associated with significant decrease of depression level (P < .05). Significant differences were exhibited between the 3 groups in favor to both exercise programs (P < .05) with non-significant differences between the 2 exercise programs (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Both exercise programs had positive effects in reducing the severity of depression in HF patients. Low to moderate and moderate-intensity exercise programs should be proposed for depression illness specially patients with heart failure.


Assuntos
Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(12): e14918, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30896648

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medications are limited for patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). It has been reported that aerobic exercise is effective in reducing the characteristics of NAFLD, although unclear data have ascertained the effects of high-intensity interval aerobic exercise on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in diabetic obese patients with NAFLD. OBJECTIVES: This a randomized controlled trial aimed to ascertain the effectiveness of 8-week high-intensity interval exercise on intrahepatic triglycerides (IHTG), visceral lipids and HRQoL in diabetic obese patients with NAFLD. STUDY DESIGN: Between August and December 2017, 32 diabetic obese patients with NAFLD aged 45 to 60 years (21 men and 11 women) were enrolled in this study. They were randomly assigned to 2 groups, 16 patients in each group, high-intensity interval (HII) exercise and control groups. The HII group received a program of HII aerobic exercise for 8 weeks with medications of NAFLD and the control group received only medications without any type of exercise intervention. The test of IHTG, visceral lipids, and HRQoL were recorded at the initial assessment and at the end of the program after 8 weeks. RESULTS: There were significant differences between the 2 groups at the end of the study. These study findings exhibited significant improvements in IHTG, VO2peak, visceral lipids, glycohemoglobin, plasma glucose, and all dimensions of HRQoL in the HII group (P <.05), But there was non-significant improvement in any measure in the control group (P >.05) after the 8-week intervention. CONCLUSION: Eight-week high-intensity interval aerobic exercise has a beneficial effect on IHTG, visceral lipids, and HRQoL in diabetic obese patients with NAFLD. Effort and awareness should be dedicated to encouraging the active lifestyle among different population, especially diabetic obese patients with NAFLD.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade/métodos , Lipídeos/sangue , Obesidade/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Glicemia , Pesos e Medidas Corporais , Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Triglicerídeos/sangue
9.
Afr Health Sci ; 18(4): 1236-1242, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30766590

RESUMO

Background: Impairment of peripheral skeletal muscle function is a common phenomenon in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) in addition to great clinical connotations, such as lack of exercise tolerance and decrease of health-related quality of life. There is very limited data on the effects of maximal exercise on muscle fatiguability and exercise capacity in children with cystic fibrosis. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of progressive maximal exercise training of the lower extremities on exercise capacity and muscle fatiguability in children with cystic fibrosis. Study design: Between June and September 2017, eighteen children aged 8-12 years were recruited in this study. This study had two groups of children; the CF group consisted of nine children (6 males and 3 females) with cystic fibrosis and the control group consisted of nine healthy age matched children (6 males and 3 females). The children underwent a progressive maximal cardiopulmonary exercise cycling test (CPET), muscle fatigue test, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to measure a muscle cross-section area (CSA). Also, pulmonary functions were assessed. Results: The findings of this study showed that the CF children had less pulmonary functions, had a less exercise capacity, and had a higher breathing reserve index and oxygen desaturation when compared with healthy children (p<0.05). On the other hand, there was a non-significant difference in muscle fatiguability, muscle cross-section area, and maximal voluntary contraction between the CF and healthy children (p>0.05). Conclusion: This study indicates that progressive maximal exercise doesn't affect muscle fatiguability, muscle cross-section area, and maximal voluntary contraction in CF children with moderate respiratory diseases but includes lower exercise capacity. CF children and healthy age matched children have similar responses to maximal exercise in muscle fatiguability, muscle cross-section area, and maximal voluntary contractions but lower exercise capacity in the CF group.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística/fisiopatologia , Fibrose Cística/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Extremidade Inferior/fisiologia , Fadiga Muscular/fisiologia , Criança , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Oxigênio/sangue , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Testes de Função Respiratória
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