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1.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 208: 111758, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33396081

RESUMO

The cultivation of leafy vegetables on metal contaminated soil embodies a serious threat to yield and quality. In the present study, the potential role of exogenous jasmonic acid (JA; 0, 5, 10, and 20 µM) on mitigating chromium toxicity (Cr; 0, 150, and 300 µM) was investigated in choysum (Brassica parachinensis L.). With exposure to increasing Cr stress levels, a dose-dependent decline in growth, photosynthesis, and physio-biochemical attributes of choysum plants was observed. An increase in Cr levels also resulted in oxidative stress closely associated with higher lipoxygenase activity (LOX), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) generation, lipid peroxidation (MDA), and methylglyoxal (MG) levels. Exogenous application of JA alleviated the Cr-induced phytotoxic effects on photosynthetic pigments, gas exchange parameters, and restored growth of choysum plants. While exposed to Cr stress, JA supplementation induced plant defense system via enhanced regulation of antioxidant enzymes, ascorbate and glutathione pool, and the glyoxalase system enzymes. The coordinated regulation of antioxidant and glyoxalase systems expressively suppressed the oxidative and carbonyl stress at both Cr stress levels. More importantly, JA restored the mineral nutrient contents, restricted Cr uptake, and accumulation in roots and shoots of choysum plants when compared to the only Cr-stressed plants. Overall, the application of JA2 treatment (10 µM JA) was more effective and counteracted the detrimental effects of 150 µM Cr stress by restoring the growth and physio-biochemical attributes to the level of control plants, while partially mitigated the detrimental effects of 300 µM Cr stress. Hence, JA application might be considered as an effective approach for minimizing Cr uptake and its detrimental effects in choysum plants grown on contaminated soils.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Brassica/fisiologia , Cromo/toxicidade , Ciclopentanos/farmacologia , Oxilipinas/farmacologia , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Ácido Ascórbico/metabolismo , Brassica/efeitos dos fármacos , Brassica/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo
2.
Rev Int Androl ; 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334711

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is one of the main threats in diabetic patients. This research aimed to assess the relationship between glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level and pharmacopenile duplex ultrasonography (PPDU) indices in diabetic patients with ED. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 130 males with ED were recruited (100 had diabetes mellitus (DM) and 30 did not as control). The International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) was used to evaluate patients for ED. Measurement of HbA1c, lipid profile and assessment of erectile function using PPDU were performed. All participants were assessed to take the medical history. RESULTS: The mean age±SD was 53.8±8.9 and 53.6±2.8 years for patients and controls, respectively. Patients had variable grades of ED: mild in 20%, mild to moderate in 32.3%, moderate in 35.3%, and severe in 12.3%. A significant association was found between the existence of DM and a deprived response to intracorporeal injection (ICI), rising end-diastolic velocity (EDV), and reducing resistance index (RI) values. Comparing all diabetic groups according to HbA1c with controls, a significant relationship was found in; severity of IIEF-5 score, poor response to ICI, decreased peak systolic velocity (PSV) at 10min, increased EDV at 10, 20min and decreased RI at 10, 20min. A significant relationship was found between smoking, dyslipidaemia, and decreased PSV at 10, 20min and decreased increment ratio. However, a non-significant relationship was observed between age, type of DM and PPDU parameters. CONCLUSION: Poor glycaemic control of DM is associated with an increase in EDV and decrease in RI, and PSV of PPDU.

3.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2020 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fractional CO2 laser and Nd-YAG laser have been reported to have promising results in the management of keloids. So far, there have been no comparative studies between these laser modalities. AIMS: The study aimed to compare the efficacy of fractional CO2, Nd-YAG, and a combination of both in the management of keloids. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-five keloid patients were divided into 3 equal groups: the first received fractional CO2 only, the second received Nd-YAG only, and the third received a combination of both lasers. Each group received its designated treatment every 4 weeks for 4 sessions. The improvement was evaluated by the "Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale" (POSAS). Detection of procollagen I mRNA by RT-PCR analysis was done. RESULTS: The assessment by POSAS showed the most significant clinical improvement in the combination group and a less significant improvement in the fractional CO2 group, while the least improvement was seen in the Nd-YAG group. Molecular assessment via procollagen I yielded matching results. CONCLUSION: The study showed that the combination of fractional CO2 and Nd-YAG lasers has a synergistic effect being the most effective in the management of keloids, fractional CO2 being more effective than ND-YAG and Nd-YAG being the least effective.

4.
Water Res X ; 9: 100077, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225254

RESUMO

Cu and Ag have been used as bactericidal agents since ancient times, yet their antiviral capacity in water remains poorly understood. This study tested the effect of copper (Cu) and silver (Ag) on model RNA and DNA viruses MS2 and PhiX 174 in solution at pH 6-8. Cu caused MS2 inactivation with similar rates at pH 6 and 7 but was inert towards PhiX 174 regardless of pH. Ag inactivated both viruses, causing denaturation of MS2 and loss of capsid spikes in PhiX 174. Ag inactivation rates were pH dependent and increased with increasing pH. At pH 8, 6.5 logs of PhiX were inactivated after 3 h and 3 logs of MS2 after only 10 min. The combined use of Cu and Ag revealed synergy in disinfecting MS2 at pH ≥ 7. Although metal concentrations used were higher than the desired values for drinking water treatment, the results prove a promising potential of Cu and Ag combinations as efficient viricidal agents.

5.
Molecules ; 25(20)2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066377

RESUMO

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) can synthesize antimicrobial compounds (AMCs) with nutritional and bioprotective properties in crops and food products. In the current study, AMCs of Lactobacillus coryniformis BCH-4 were evaluated to control fungal spoilage in maize grains. On maize grains treated with 75%-100% (v/v) concentrated AMCs, no fungal growth was observed even after 72 h of Aspergillus flavus inoculation. Proximate analysis of treatments A1 (raw grains), A2 (A. flavus inoculated grains) and A3 (A. flavus + AMCs inoculated grains) revealed that moisture was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) high in A2 than A3 and A1. Meanwhile, protein, fat, fiber and ash contents were significantly decreased in A2 compared to A1 and A3. Moreover, ß-carotene contents were not statistically different between A1 and A3, while in A2 it was significantly decreased. HPLC analysis revealed the presence of 2-oxopropanoic acid, 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxybutanedioic acid, 2-hydroxypropanoic acid, propanedioic acid and butanedioic acid, which also showed antifungal activity against Aspergillus flavus. FTIR spectroscopy revealed the presence of hydroxyl, carbonyl and ester-groups along with organic and fatty acids, thereby indicating their participation in inhibitory action. Furthermore, the AMCs were found to be a good alternative to chemical preservatives, thereby not only preserving the nutritive qualities but increasing the shelf life as well.

6.
Physiol Plant ; 2020 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32979274

RESUMO

Drought and heat stress are two dominant abiotic stress factors that often occur simultaneously in nature causing oxidative damage in plants and thus decline in yield. The present study was conducted to examine the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-induced heat and drought tolerance in sunflower through physiological, biochemical and molecular analysis. The results showed that drought and heat stress triggered oxidative stress as revealed by enhanced level in hydrogen peroxide, malondialdehyde and electrolyte leakage. Moreover, the photosynthetic attributes such as photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance and quantum efficiency declined when subjected to drought and heat stress. In this study, GABA treatment effectively alleviated the drought and heat-induced stress as reflected by significantly higher levels of proline, soluble sugar and total protein content. Besides, the data also revealed the direct relationship between antioxidant enzyme activities (superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, glutathione reductase, monodehydroascorbate peroxidase, ascorbate peroxidase) and the relative expression of genes (Heat Shock Proteins, Dehydrin, Osmotin, Aquaporin, Leaf Embryogenesis Protein), under drought and heat stress. Moreover, a significant increase in gene expression was observed upon GABA treatment with respect to control. This data suggest that GABA-induced drought and heat tolerance in sunflower could involve the improvement in osmolyte metabolism, gene expression and antioxidant enzyme activities and thus a rise in the GABA shunt which in turn provides intermediates during long-term drought and heat stress, thus maintaining homeostasis.

7.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 155: 70-84, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745932

RESUMO

Chromium (Cr) is among the most widespread toxic trace elements found in agricultural soils resulting from various anthropogenic activities. However, the role of micronutrient-amino acid chelates in reducing Cr toxicity in crop plants has recently been suggested. The present study was conducted to explore the effect of iron (Fe) chelated with lysine (lys) on plant growth, biomass, gaseous exchange attributes, oxidative stress indicators, antioxidant response, and Cr uptake in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) plants irrigated with different levels of tannery wastewater in soil collected from District Kasur of Pakistan. B. napus seedlings (thirty-day-old) were shifted to pots irrigated with different levels of tannery wastewater. After two weeks, foliar application of Fe-lys (5 mM) was carried out for four successive weeks, and plants were harvested carefully post ten weeks of cultivation in tannery wastewater, under controlled conditions. Toxic levels of Cr in the soil significantly decreased plant height, fresh biomass of roots and leaves, dry biomass of roots and leaves, root length, number of leaves, leaf area, total chlorophyll contents, carotenoid contents, transpiration rate (E), stomatal conductance (gs), net photosynthesis (PN), and water use efficiency (WUE). Toxic Cr levels in the soil also increased oxidative stress in the roots and leaves of B. napus plants, which were overcome by the activities of various antioxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX). Moreover, increasing levels of Cr in the soil caused a significant increase in the Cr content of the roots and shoots of B. napus plants. The negative effects of Cr toxicity could be overturned by Fe-lys application, significantly increasing plant growth, biomass, chlorophyll content, and gaseous exchange attributes by reducing oxidative stress (H2O2, MDA, EL) and enhancing antioxidant enzyme activities. Furthermore, foliar application of Fe-lys reduced the Cr concentration and increased essential micronutrients (Fe contents) in the roots and shoots of B. napus plants. These results shed light on the effectiveness of Fe-lys in improving the growth and up-regulation of antioxidant enzyme activities of B. napus in response to Cr stress. However, further studies at field levels are required to explore the mechanisms of Fe-lys-mediated reduction of the toxicity of not only Cr, but possibly also other heavy metals in plants.

8.
Perfusion ; : 267659120925634, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650708

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: An upsurge of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury has been reported in the United States. The potential role of extracorporeal life support in e-cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury merits consideration. CASE REPORT: We present a case of vaping-induced severe acute respiratory distress syndrome that was salvaged with extracorporeal life support and had excellent recovery. DISCUSSION: The mechanistic reasons for the sudden outbreak of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury are under active investigation. A predominantly diffuse, bilateral pattern of lung injury has been reported, with some cases meeting the criteria for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome. To date, 68 deaths from e-cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury have been confirmed by the centers of disease control. However, resolution of lung injury has been reported in most cases, thereby justifying candidacy for extracorporeal life support, if required. CONCLUSION: Extracorporeal life support can be successfully utilized as a bridge to recovery in vaping-induced severe acute respiratory distress syndrome.

9.
J Dermatolog Treat ; : 1-22, 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32420770

RESUMO

Background: Although there are different treatment modalities of melasma, it remains a challenging problem. Erbium-YAG laser proved its efficacy in melasma improvement with minimal downtime. Tranexamic Acid is a new promising treatment of melasmaObjective: the first objective is to compare between the efficacy of intradermal injection of Tranexamic acid (TA) and Erbium-YAG laser in the treatment of melasma. The second objective is to use the dermoscope as an objective evaluation method.Patients and methods: A split face study was conducted on 28 patients. One side of the face received intradermal Tranexamic acid injection. The other side was treated with laser. MASI (Melasma Area and Severity Index) and the dermoscope were used for evaluation of treatment.Results: The MASI scores showed a significant decrease in tranexamic acid treated side. The dermoscope assessment showed no significant difference in both treatment modalities.Conclusion: A promising results were obtained by both intradermal TA and erbium: YAG laser, however the TA yields a higher patient satisfaction because of its high efficiency and low cost.

10.
Neural Netw ; 128: 331-344, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470798

RESUMO

Detecting the locations of multiple actions in videos and classifying them in real-time are challenging problems termed "action localization and prediction" problem. Convolutional neural networks (ConvNets) have achieved great success for action localization and prediction in still images. A major advance occurred when the AlexNet architecture was introduced in the ImageNet competition. ConvNets have since achieved state-of-the-art performances across a wide variety of machine vision tasks, including object detection, image segmentation, image classification, facial recognition, human pose estimation, and tracking. However, few works exist that address action localization and prediction in videos. The current action localization research primarily focuses on the classification of temporally trimmed videos in which only one action occurs per frame. Moreover, nearly all the current approaches work only offline and are too slow to be useful in real-world environments. In this work, we propose a fast and accurate deep-learning approach to perform real-time action localization and prediction. The proposed approach uses convolutional neural networks to localize multiple actions and predict their classes in real time. This approach starts by using appearance and motion detection networks (known as "you only look once" (YOLO) networks) to localize and classify actions from RGB frames and optical flow frames using a two-stream model. We then propose a fusion step that increases the localization accuracy of the proposed approach. Moreover, we generate an action tube based on frame level detection. The frame by frame processing introduces an early action detection and prediction with top performance in terms of detection speed and precision. The experimental results demonstrate this superiority of our proposed approach in terms of both processing time and accuracy compared to recent offline and online action localization and prediction approaches on the challenging UCF-101-24 and J-HMDB-21 benchmarks.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão/métodos , Humanos
12.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 2020 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32449013

RESUMO

The treatment of acne remains a challenge for dermatologists. A variety of conventional therapies are available for acne treatment such as topical and systemic medications. Although many of these traditional acne treatments are effective, the wide-spread nature of the disease and its sometimes resistant nature delineate the need for alternative therapies. Therefore, over the past decade, phototherapy has been introduced for the treatment of acne, such as pulsed dye lasers (PDLs) and photodynamic therapy (PDT). The aim of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of PDL and methylene blue-mediated photodynamic therapy (MB-PDT) in the treatment of mild to moderate acne. Split-face clinical trial including fifteen patients presenting with mild to moderate acne were treated with 585 nm PDL on the right side of the face and MB-PDT with 665-nm diode laser on the left side. The photosensitizer MB was prepared in nanoemulgel formulation, and the treatment was carried out for three sessions maximum at 2-weeks intervals. Results revealed that both PDL and MB-PDT were effective therapies in the treatment of acne, as manifested by the reduction of inflammatory and non-inflammatory lesions throughout the treatment period. However, the latter therapy was proven more potent in the reduction of acne severity, and in terms of patients' tolerance. Therefore, it can be concluded that MB in the nanoemulgel form is a promising treatment approach for acne, and can be further experimented in the treatment of other dermatological diseases.

13.
Physiol Mol Biol Plants ; 26(3): 501-511, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32205926

RESUMO

This study was conducted to evaluate the influence of brassinosteroid (24-epibrassinolide, EBL) seed priming and optimal nitrogen (N) supply in improving salt tolerance in soybean. The experimental treatments were (a) control (nutrient solution without N and without EBL priming), (b) nutrient solution without N and EBL seed priming, (c) N supplemented nutrient solution without EBL priming and (d) EBL seed priming + N supplemented nutrient solution under optimal (0 mM NaCl) and salt stress (0 mM NaCl) conditions. Salt stress caused significant reduction in growth and biomass accumulation of soybean. However, EBL seed priming and application of N improved the soybean performance under optimal and salt stress conditions. In this regard, treatments receiving both EBL and N were more effective. EBL priming and N, alone and in combination, triggered the accumulation of osmolytes including proline, glycine betaine and sugars resulting in better photo-protection through maintenance of tissue water content. Antioxidant activity and osmolyte accumulation significantly increased due to combined treatment of N and EBL under normal as well as salt stress conditions. In conclusion, salt stress caused reduction in growth and biomass soybean due to oxidative damage and osmotic stresses. However, soybean performance was improved by seed priming with EBL. Supplementation of N further improved the effectiveness of EBL treatment in improving salt tolerance in soybean.

14.
Chemosphere ; 248: 126032, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32018110

RESUMO

Soil in mining areas is typically highly contaminated with heavy metals and lack essential nutrients for plants. Phosphorus reduces oxidative stress, improves plant growth, composition, and cellular structure, as well as facilitates the phytoremediation potential of fibrous crop plant species. In this study, we investigated two jute (Corchorus capsularis) varieties HongTieGuXuan and GuBaChangJia cultivated in copper (Cu)-contaminated soil (2221 mg kg-1), under different applications of phosphorus (0, 30, 60, and 120 kg ha-1) at both anatomical and physiological levels. At the same Cu concentration, the tolerance index of HongTieGuXuan was higher than that of GuBaChangJia, indicating that HongTieGuXuan may be more tolerant to Cu stress. Although the normal concentration of P (60 kg ha-1) in the soil improved plant growth, biomass, chlorophyll content, fibre yield and quality, and gaseous exchange attributes. However, high concentration of P (120 kg ha-1) was toxic to both jute varieties affected morphological and physiological attributes of the plants under same level of Cu. Moreover, Cu toxicity increased the oxidative stress in the leaves of both jute varieties was overcome by the activities of antioxidant enzymes. Furthermore, the high concentration of Cu altered the ultrastructure of chloroplasts, plastoglobuli, mitochondria, and many other cellular organelles in both jute varieties. Thus, phytoextraction of Cu by both jute varieties increased with the increase in P application in the Cu-contaminated soil. This suggests that P application enhanced the phytoremediation potential jute plants and can be cultivated as fibrous crop in Cu-contaminated sites.


Assuntos
Cobre/isolamento & purificação , Corchorus/metabolismo , Fósforo/farmacologia , Poluentes do Solo/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Clorofila/metabolismo , Cobre/toxicidade , Corchorus/citologia , Corchorus/efeitos dos fármacos , Corchorus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Enzimas/metabolismo , Fertilizantes , Mineração , Organelas , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
15.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 9(1)2020 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31947957

RESUMO

The heavy metal contamination in plant-soil environment has increased manifold recently. In order to reduce the harmful effects of metal stress in plants, the application of beneficial soil microbes is gaining much attention. In the present research, the role of Serratia marcescens BM1 in enhancing cadmium (Cd) stress tolerance and phytoremediation potential of soybean plants, was investigated. Exposure of soybean plants to two Cd doses (150 and 300 µM) significantly reduced plant growth, biomass, gas exchange attributes, nutrients uptake, antioxidant capacity, and the contents of chlorophyll, total phenolics, flavonoids, soluble sugars, and proteins. Additionally, Cd induced the stress levels of Cd, proline, glycine betaine, hydrogen peroxide, malondialdehyde, antioxidant enzymes (i.e., catalase, CAT; ascorbate peroxidase, APX; superoxide dismutase, SOD; peroxidise, POD), and the expression of stress-related genes (i.e., APX, CAT, Fe-SOD, POD, CHI, CHS, PHD2, VSO, NR, and P5CS) in soybean leaves. On the other hand, inoculation of Cd-stressed soybean plants with Serratia marcescens BM1 significantly enhanced the plant growth, biomass, gas exchange attributes, nutrients uptake, antioxidant capacity, and the contents of chlorophyll, total phenolics, flavonoids, soluble sugars, and proteins. Moreover, Serratia marcescens BM1 inoculation reduced the levels of cadmium and oxidative stress markers, but significantly induced the activities of antioxidant enzymes and the levels of osmolytes and stress-related genes expression in Cd-stressed plants. The application of 300 µM CdCl2 and Serratia marcescens triggered the highest expression levels of stress-related genes. Overall, this study suggests that inoculation of soybean plants with Serratia marcescens BM1 promotes phytoremediation potential and Cd stress tolerance by modulating the photosynthetic attributes, osmolytes biosynthesis, antioxidants machinery, and the expression of stress-related genes.

16.
Int J Hyg Environ Health ; 224: 113438, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31978734

RESUMO

Ceramic pot filters are household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) systems designed to improve the microbial quality of drinking water. They yield high log reduction values (LRVs) for bacterial and protozoan pathogens but provide very little removal of viruses. This study investigated virus removal of ceramic filter discs (CFDs), using feed water with 3 different nutrient levels under extended continuous operation and limited cleaning frequency. The results show that filter use without cleaning resulted in biofilm growth and MS2 LRV values increased with increasing feed water nutrient content. Cleaning the filter surface by scrubbing led to a partial or total loss in improved LRVs, indicating the importance of this biological top layer to the removal of MS2. Overall, the removal capacity of a matured biofilm remained constant, regardless of its age. MS2 LRVs ranged between 0.9 ± 0.2 LRV for low nutrient (LN), 1.6 ± 0.2 LRV for medium nutrient (MN) and 2.4 ± 0.5 LRV for high nutrient (HN) biofilms. Interestingly, a change in feed conditions for the HN filters resulted in an unprecedented high LRV of >4 LRV, which supports further investigation of the mechanistic role of biofilms in virus removal.


Assuntos
Biofilmes , Cerâmica , Vírus , Purificação da Água/métodos
17.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124930, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574440

RESUMO

The adverse industrial activities discharged contaminated wastewater directly into the water bodies that contain toxic substances such as heavy metals. The contours use of marble industrial effluents may affect the fertility of soil and crop growth. The present study was conducted to investigate the toxic effects of marble industrial effluents (M.E) on Zea mays L under the exogenous application of citric acid (CA) with different combinations such as marble industrial effluent (0, 30%, 60%, 100%) diluted with distilled water and CA (10 mM). The results showed significant decrease in the growth of Zea mays with increasing concentration of marble industrial effluent. The maximum reduction in plant height, root length, number of leaves, leaf area and fresh and dry biomass was observed at the application of 100% M.E as compared to control. Similar to growth conditions the photosynthetic machinery and the activities of antioxidant enzymes (Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Peroxidases (POD), Catalases (CAT), Ascorbate peroxidase (APX)) was also decreased with increasing concentration of M.E. The application of CA significantly alleviated the M.E induced toxic effect on Zea mays and ameliorated the growth, biomass, photosynthesis and antioxidant enzymes activities by reducing the production of reactive oxygen species. The C.A application also enhanced the heavy metal content such as chromium (Cr), cadmium (Cd), Zinc (Zn) in different parts of Zea mays. The results concluded that the Zea mays tolerant varieties can be a potential candidate for the M.E irrigated soil and might be suitable for the phyto-extraction of Cr, Cd and Zn.


Assuntos
Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Solo/química , Águas Residuárias/química , Purificação da Água/métodos , Zea mays/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Ascorbato Peroxidases/metabolismo , Biomassa , Cádmio/análise , Catalase/metabolismo , Cromo/análise , Ácido Cítrico/química , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
18.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(32): 39702-39716, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440967

RESUMO

Climate change is occurring and is influencing biological systems through augmented temperatures, more inconstant precipitation, and rising CO2 in the atmosphere. For sustainable landscaping, it was essential to assess the diversity of native/wild grasses and their suitability for turf and to combat the salinity problem in the region. For this purpose, a native halophytic grass, Aeluropus lagopoides, was investigated by conducting mowing tests on its ecotypes during the year 2014-2016 under desert climatic conditions. The research was carried out in two phases, i.e. Phase-I was for collection and establishment of ecotypes from various parts of UAE, while in Phase-II, mowing tests were conducted. During mowing tests, 50 ecotypes of A. lagopoides were given various mowing treatments (i.e. they were cut back at 1-, 2-, 3-, 4- and 5-cm heights) in field conditions. Significant differences were found among various ecotypes for different agronomic parameters such as ground cover, canopy stiffness, leaf number, clippings fresh and dry weights and internode length. Overall, the grass exhibited better performance at mowing heights of 3 and 4 cm, which are the standard mowing heights for turfgrasses. Ecotypes FA5, RA3, RUDA2, RUDA7 and RUADA1 of A. lagopoides showed the best performance against mowing shock and became the candidates for the turfgrass varieties from the native Arabian flora.


Assuntos
Poaceae , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal , Ecótipo , Folhas de Planta , Salinidade
19.
Open Access Maced J Med Sci ; 7(17): 2886-2894, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31844454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Egypt is among the world top 10 countries in diabetes prevalence. It is the first country among the MENA region. Healthy lifestyle education and support help people with diabetes to improve health outcomes. Many physical and psychological barriers can hinder patients from following a healthy lifestyle. AIM: This study aimed to examine the effect of lifestyle modification educational sessions in helping Egyptian patients to overcome main barriers of diabetes self-management through improving nutritional behaviours, physical activity, medication compliance, and blood glucose monitoring. METHODS: A cohort study included 205 patients with type 2 diabetes. Baseline assessment of patients' lifestyle behaviours and barriers using personal diabetes questionnaire of Louisville University, with both anthropometric and blood glucose assessment. Interventional lifestyle health education was provided weekly through multiple integrated techniques, followed by a post-intervention assessment to evaluate the effect of the health education sessions. Statistical analysis was done to identify any statistically significant difference before and after the health education intervention. RESULTS: There was a significant improvement of the post-education mean scores of the studied behaviours when compared with the pre-education scores of the participants' behaviours (p < 0.001). There was also a significant reduction in the barriers facing patients to diabetes self-management including nutritional barriers (P < 0.001), medication compliance barriers (P < 0.001) with a percent change (43%), physical activity barriers (p < 0.001), and blood glucose monitoring (p < 0.001) with a percent change (44%).There was a statistically significant positive correlation between improvement of medication compliance (P = 0.027), blood glucose monitoring(P = 0.045), and glycated haemoglobin of the study participants. CONCLUSION: lifestyle modification education of type 2 diabetic patients can overcome the main barriers of following a healthy lifestyle and improve their anthropometric measures and blood glucose level.

20.
Plants (Basel) ; 8(12)2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31805747

RESUMO

Nitric oxide (NO) at optimal levels is considered beneficial to plant functioning. The present study was carried out to investigate the role of exogenously applied NO (100 and 150 µM sodium nitropurusside, SNP) in amelioration of nickel (Ni)-mediated oxidative effects in eggplant. Ni stress declined growth and biomass production, relative water content (RWC), and chlorophyll pigment synthesis, thereby affecting the photosynthetic efficiency. Exogenously applied SNP proved beneficial in mitigating the Ni-mediated growth restrictions. NO-treated seedlings exhibited improved photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, and chlorophyll content with the effect of being apparent at lower concentration (100 µM SNP). SNP upregulated the antioxidant system mitigating the oxidative damage on membranes due to Ni stress. The activity of superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione S-transferase, ascorbate peroxidase, and glutathione reductase was upregulated due to SNP which also increased the ascorbate and reduced glutathione content. SNP-supplied seedlings also showed higher proline and glycine betaine accumulation, thereby improving RWC and antioxidant system. Glyoxalase I activity was induced due to SNP application declining the accumulation of methylglyoxal. NO-mediated mitigation of Ni toxicity was confirmed using NO scavenger (PTIO, 2-phenyl-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide), which reversed the influence of SNP almost entirely on the parameters studied. Uptake of nitrogen (N), potassium (K), and calcium (Ca) was increased due to SNP application and Ni was reduced significantly. Therefore, this study revealed the efficiency of exogenous SNP in enhancing Ni stress tolerance through upregulating antioxidant and glyoxalase systems.

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