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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376463

RESUMO

The objective of this review is to describe the various support options available for the failing right heart with a focus on stabilization using assist devices. Right heart failure has multiple etiologies and is a strong and independent predictor of mortality and poor clinical outcomes. Early intervention with catheter and surgical-based mechanical circulatory support can stabilize the critically ill patient and allow for right ventricular recovery.

2.
J Surg Res ; 254: 1-6, 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388058

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about graft patency after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) performed in patients on dialysis. Our aim was to assess patency of internal thoracic artery (ITA) grafts and saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) in these patients. METHODS: From 1/1997 to 1/2018, 500 patients on dialysis underwent primary CABG with or without concomitant procedures at Cleveland Clinic, 40 of whom had 48 postoperative angiograms for recurrent ischemic symptoms. Complete follow-up was obtained on all but 1 patient lost to follow-up 1 y after CABG. Thirty-six ITA grafts and 65 SVGs were evaluable for stenosis and occlusion. RESULTS: Two of 40 patients (5%) had emergency CABG; 3 (7.5%) with calcified aortas had a change in operative strategy to avoid ascending aortic manipulation, 2 (5%) had poor conduit quality, and 12 (30%) had severe diffuse atherosclerotic disease with calcification of the coronary targets causing technical difficulties. Thirty-three patients (82%) were bypassed with an in situ ITA and 3 (7.5%) had a free ITA graft. Three of 36 ITA grafts were occluded at 0.78, 1.8, and 9.4 y (too few to model). SVG patency was 52% and 37% at 1 and 2 y, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients on dialysis who underwent CABG, coronary angiography for ischemic symptoms in a select subset revealed that SVG patency was lower than expected from published reports in the general CABG population and may contribute to the poor prognosis of this cohort. Further work is needed to guide graft selection and improve graft patency in dialysis patients.

3.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus remains the most common cause of sternal surgical site infections (SSI). Opinions regarding the postoperative implications of preoperative MRSA colonization currently differ. This study aimed to investigate whether MRSA carriage affects postoperative outcomes and safety of operation. METHODS: A total of 1,774,811 cardiac surgery patients 2009-2014 were identified from the NIS database. Among these, 5,798 (0.33%) were MRSA carriers. Propensity-score matching was used to determine the effect of MRSA colonization on outcomes. RESULTS: MRSA carriers did not differ in age or sex from non-carriers, but more often presented for urgent surgery (p=0.0006). Among matched pairs, there was no difference in mortality (p=0.76), stroke, SSI, pneumonia, renal failure, cardiac complications, respiratory failure, or prolonged mechanical ventilation. MRSA infection (p<0.0001), MRSA septicemia (p=0.03), and blood transfusion (p=0.003) occurred more often among MRSA carriers. There was no increase in cost (p=0.12), but length of stay was longer (p=0.005). Predictors of MRSA infection among carriers included age over 85, rural hospital location, and diabetes. Carriers with endocarditis and drug abuse were at highest risk for MRSA infection. CONCLUSIONS: MRSA carriers undergoing cardiac surgery are not at higher risk for mortality or SSI and can expect outcomes similar to those of non-carriers. Higher rates of postoperative MRSA infection and septicemia among carriers, although still very low, support the need for selective preoperative screening and prophylaxis when possible.

4.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2020 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32160958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microplegia has been studied during isolated coronary artery bypass grafting and valve surgery but not in more complex operations. Objectives of this study were to demonstrate safety and effectiveness of microplegia relative to Buckberg cardioplegia during these operations. METHODS: From January 2012 to January 2017, 242 patients underwent multicomponent operations with simplified microplegia delivered via syringe pump and 10,512 with modified Buckberg cardioplegia. Operations included aortic root, arch, or ascending aorta replacement in 424 (94%) patients, aortic valve surgery in 324 (72%) patients, and concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting in 47 (10%) patients. Outcomes were compared in 226 propensity-matched pairs. RESULTS: There was no difference in median postoperative troponin T between groups after adjusting for aortic clamp time. Microplegia patients received significantly less crystalloid with their cardioplegia (mean 27 ± 8.0 mL/operation vs 735 ± 357 mL/operation; P < .001) and had lower peak intraoperative glucose (196 ± 40 mg/dL vs 248 ± 69 mg/dL; P < .001). Microplegia and Buckberg groups had similar in-hospital mortality (2.7% [n = 6] vs 2.2% [n = 5]; P = .8), stroke (2.2% [n = 5] vs 3.6% [n = 8]; P = .4), renal failure (8% [n = 18] vs 5.8% [n = 13]; P = .4), prolonged ventilation (23% [n = 51] vs 24% [n = 54]; P = .7), median postoperative length of stay (both 8.1 days; P > .9), and median red cell units administered to patients requiring transfusion (4 units vs 3 units; P = .14). The mean cost of cardioplegia per case with microplegia was 1/26th that of Buckberg cardioplegia. CONCLUSIONS: Our simplified microplegia technique offers several advantages over Buckberg cardioplegia without compromising myocardial protection or safety in complex, multicomponent operations with extended aortic clamp times.

5.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 75(3): 258-268, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31976863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The importance of a coronary artery, based on the myocardial mass it perfuses, is well documented, but little is known about the importance of a vessel that has been bypassed and its effect on survival in the context of bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting. OBJECTIVES: This study determined the effect of a dominant left anterior descending (LAD) artery and important non-LAD targets on outcomes after BITA grafting. METHODS: From January 1972 to January 2011, of 6,127 patients who underwent BITA grafting, 2,551 received 1 ITA grafted to the LAD and had an evaluable coronary angiogram. A dominant LAD was defined as one that was wrapped around the left ventricular apex. Non-LAD targets were graded based on their terminal reach toward the apex: important: >75% (n = 1,698); and less important: ≤75% (n = 853). Mean follow-up was 14 ± 8.7 years. Multivariable analysis was performed to identify risk factors for time-related mortality. RESULTS: A dominant LAD was present more frequently in patients with less important additional targets (51% vs. 35%; p < 0.0001). A total of 179 patients (7.0%) received a second ITA to multiple targets, 77 (43%) of which were to multiple important target vessels. Unadjusted late survival was similar regardless of degree of importance of the second ITA target-77% at 15 years (p = 0.70) for the important and less important targets, respectively. In the multivariable model, grafting the second ITA to multiple important targets was associated with better long-term survival (p = 0.005). In patients with a nondominant LAD, a second ITA grafted to a less important artery was associated with higher risk of operative mortality (2.4% vs. 0.51%; p = 0.007). A saphenous vein graft to an important or less important target did not influence long-term survival. CONCLUSIONS: In BITA grafting, bypassing multiple important targets to maximize myocardium supplied by ITAs improved long-term survival. In patients with a nondominant LAD, selecting an important target for the second ITA lowered operative mortality.

6.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 109(3): e177-e178, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445907

RESUMO

Implantation of a left ventricular assist device in a patient who has a passive cardiac support device can present a surgical challenge. This case demonstrates a safe and feasible surgical approach for HeartMate 3 (Abbott, Abbott Park, IL) implantation after remote Mysoplint device (Myocor, Maple Grove, MN) placement.

7.
8.
Circ Heart Fail ; 12(11): e006486, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Veno-arterial extracorporeal life support (VA-ECLS) is widely used to treat refractory cardiogenic shock. However, increased left ventricular (LV) afterload in VA-ECLS can worsen pulmonary congestion and compromise myocardial recovery. Our objectives were to explore the efficacy, safety, and optimal timing of adjunctive LV venting strategies. METHODS: A systematic search was performed on Medline, EMBASE, PubMed, CDSR, CCRCT, CINAHL, ClinicalTrials.Gov, and WHO ICTRP from inception until January 2019 for all relevant studies, including LV venting. Data were analyzed for mortality and weaning from VA-ECLS on the basis of timing of LV venting, along with adverse complications. RESULTS: A total of 7995 patients were included from 62 observational studies, wherein 3458 patients had LV venting during VA-ECLS. LV venting significantly improved weaning from VA-ECLS (odds ratio, 0.62 [95% CI, 0.47-0.83]; P=0.001) and reduced short-term (30 day; risk ratio [RR], 0.86 [95% CI, 0.77-0.96]; P=0.008) but not in-hospital (RR, 0.92 [95% CI, 0.83-1.01] P=0.09) or long-term (6 months; RR, 0.96 [95% CI, 0.90-1.03]; P=0.27) mortality. Early (<12 hours; RR, 0.86 [95% CI, 0.75-0.99]; P=0.03) but not late (≥12 hours; RR, 0.99 [95% CI, 0.71-1.38]; P=0.93) LV venting significantly reduced short-term mortality. Patients with LV venting spent more time on VA-ECLS (3.6 versus 2.8 days, P<0.001), and mechanical ventilation (7.1 versus 4.6 days, P=0.013). With the exception of hemolysis (RR, 2.18 [95% CI, 1.58-3.01]; P<0.00001), overall adverse events did not differ. CONCLUSIONS: LV venting, especially if done early (<12 hours), appears to be associated with an increased success of weaning and reduced short-term mortality. Future studies are required to delineate the importance of any or early LV venting adjuncts on mortality and morbidity outcomes.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256966

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to determine whether adding prophylactic aorta replacement increases the risk of a cardiac operation when cardiac rather than aortic disease is the primary indication for operation. METHODS: Patients undergoing cardiac operations with aorta replacement (cardioaortic group), with or without circulatory arrest, were propensity matched to identify patients whose combined operation was not primarily indicated by aortic disease (n = 684). These patients were further propensity matched without accounting for thoracic-aortic measurements to patients undergoing cardiac operations without aorta replacement (cardiac-surgery only group), 647 pairs, for comparing outcomes. RESULTS: Most (n = 431/503 [86%]) propensity-matched patients undergoing cardioaortic operations had ascending aorta dilatation with a maximum aortic diameter of less than 5.5 cm. There was no evidence of an incremental increase in risk of in-hospital stroke (cardioaortic, n = 9/1.4% vs cardiac only, n = 7/1.1%; P = .6) or mortality (cardioaortic, n = 6/0.93% vs cardiac only, n = 3/0.46%; P = .5). Unmatched patients undergoing concomitant aortic surgery had advanced aortic disease distal to the ascending aorta (arch, 3.8 ± 0.98 cm vs 3.2 ± 0.51 cm; descending, 4.4 ± 1.7 cm vs 3.2 ± 0.99 cm) as the primary indication for their operation and had a high occurrence of in-hospital stroke (6.5% vs 1.5%, P = .0007) and death (7% vs 1.2%, P = .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Prophylactic aorta replacement can be safely performed during a cardioaortic operation, without added penalty, when aortic disease is less severe and not the primary indication for surgery. Risks after an aorta replacement combined with cardiac surgery can be substantial, however, when advanced aortic disease is the primary indication for operation. These distinctive risks should be taken into consideration at the time of surgical decision-making.

14.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 5(4): 459-466, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31000099

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe the burden of atrial fibrillation (AF)/atrial flutter (AFL) in patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) and to evaluate the impact of rhythm control strategies. BACKGROUND: AF and AFL among patients with LVADs are poorly characterized. METHODS: Retrospective multivariable survival analysis of all LVAD recipients at the Cleveland Clinic from January 1, 2004 to June 30, 2016 examining the association of death, thromboembolism, and major bleeding with AF/AFL and exposure to rhythm control measures. RESULTS: Among 418 patients (median age: 58 [interquartile range: 50 to 67] years, 80% male) with median follow-up of 445 (interquartile range: 165 to 936) days, AF (n = 287 of 418, 69%) and AFL (n = 61 of 418, 15%) were highly prevalent. Patients with AF/AFL (n = 302 of 418, 72%) and without AF/AFL (n = 116 of 418, 28%) had similar mortality (39% vs. 38%; p = 0.88) and major bleeding (46% vs. 49%; p = 0.53); AF/AFL patients had fewer thromboembolic events (13% vs. 23%; p < 0.01). Paroxysmal or persistent AF/AFL was present in 238 patients (57%), and rhythm control exposure (n = 166, 70%) was not associated with decreased mortality (39% vs. 43%; p = 0.57), thromboembolism (13% vs. 17%; p = 0.41), or bleeding (49% vs. 39%; p = 0.16). In the multivariable survival analysis only prior valve surgery (hazard ratio: 2.0; 95% confidence interval: 1.3 to 3.0; p = 0.002) was associated with increased hazard; AF/AFL had no association with risk of death, thromboembolism, or bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: Though highly prevalent among LVAD patients, AF/AFL was not associated with increased mortality, thromboembolism, or bleeding, and among paroxysmal/persistent AF patients, rhythm control measures were not associated with improved outcomes.

15.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 108(3): 700-707, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31034827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Damage to the cardiac conduction system requiring permanent pacemaker implantation is a complication of aortic valve replacement (AVR) that may importantly affect quality of life. We investigated the prevalence of and preprocedure risk factors for new permanent pacemakers after surgical (SAVR) and transcatheter AVR (TAVR) at a single institution. METHODS: Preoperative variables and baseline electrocardiograms were reviewed for 5807 patients undergoing elective SAVR, with or without coronary artery bypass grafting, and 1292 undergoing TAVR, with or without percutaneous coronary intervention, from 2006 to 2017 at Cleveland Clinic. Patients with previous permanent pacemakers were excluded. Risk factors for permanent pacemaker implantation were identified using multivariable logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: New permanent pacemakers were implanted in 151 (2.6%) after SAVR and in 125 (9.7%) after TAVR (whole group SAVR vs TAVR, P <.0001). Risk factors for pacemaker implantation after TAVR included preoperative conduction disturbances and type of prosthesis (SAPIEN, 9.5%; SAPIEN XT, 4.8%; SAPIEN 3, 10% [Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA]; CoreValve, 30% [Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN]; and other TAVR, 10%). There were no reliable risk factors for pacemaker implantation after SAVR. Bicuspid valves, mechanical vs bioprosthetic valves, higher Society of Thoracic Surgeons risk score, and concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting were not associated with elevated risk. CONCLUSIONS: At a high-volume institution in the current era, establishing a baseline for pacemaker implantation after AVR is necessary. Preoperative conduction disturbances and transcatheter valve type affect its prevalence. These data provide a benchmark that should be taken into account when considering TAVR in low-risk patients.


Assuntos
Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/métodos , Marca-Passo Artificial/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Benchmarking , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração , Masculino , Marca-Passo Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
JAMA ; 321(12): 1176-1186, 2019 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30912838

RESUMO

Importance: Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy improves myocardial function, but few patients recover sufficiently for explant, which has focused attention on stem cells to augment cardiac recovery. Objective: To assess efficacy and adverse effects of intramyocardial injections of mesenchymal precursor cells (MPCs) during LVAD implant. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized phase 2 clinical trial involving patients with advanced heart failure, undergoing LVAD implant, at 19 North American centers (July 2015-August 2017). The 1-year follow-up ended August 2018. Interventions: Intramyocardial injections of 150 million allogeneic MPCs or cryoprotective medium as a sham treatment in a 2:1 ratio (n = 106 vs n = 53). Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary efficacy end point was the proportion of successful temporary weans (of 3 planned assessments) from LVAD support within 6 months of randomization. This end point was assessed using a Bayesian analysis with a predefined threshold of a posterior probability of 80% to indicate success. The 1-year primary safety end point was the incidence of intervention-related adverse events (myocarditis, myocardial rupture, neoplasm, hypersensitivity reactions, and immune sensitization). Secondary end points included readmissions and adverse events at 6 months and 1-year survival. Results: Of 159 patients (mean age, 56 years; 11.3% women), 155 (97.5%) completed 1-year of follow-up. The posterior probability that MPCs increased the likelihood of successful weaning was 69%; below the predefined threshold for success. The mean proportion of successful temporary weaning from LVAD support over 6 months was 61% in the MPC group and 58% in the control group (rate ratio [RR], 1.08; 95% CI, 0.83-1.41; P = .55). No patient experienced a primary safety end point. Of 10 prespecified secondary end points reported, 9 did not reach statistical significance. One-year mortality was not significantly different between the MPC group and the control group (14.2% vs 15.1%; hazard ratio [HR], 0.89; 95%, CI, 0.38-2.11; P = .80). The rate of serious adverse events was not significantly different between groups (70.9 vs 78.7 per 100 patient-months; difference, -7.89; 95% CI, -39.95 to 24.17; P = .63) nor was the rate of readmissions (0.68 vs 0.75 per 100 patient-months; difference, -0.07; 95% CI, -0.41 to 0.27; P = .68). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with advanced heart failure, intramyocardial injections of mesenchymal precursor cells, compared with injections of a cryoprotective medium as sham treatment, did not improve successful temporary weaning from left ventricular assist device support at 6 months. The findings do not support the use of intramyocardial mesenchymal stem cells to promote cardiac recovery as measured by temporary weaning from device support. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT02362646.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Coração Auxiliar , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Teorema de Bayes , Remoção de Dispositivo , Epistaxe/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Coração Auxiliar/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Injeções , Masculino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio , Falha de Prótese , Volume Sistólico , Falha de Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda
17.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 158(3): 647-659.e5, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30770117

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Consensus regarding initial cannulation site for acute type A dissection repair is lacking. Objectives were to review our experience with systematic initial axillary artery cannulation, characterize patients on the basis of cannulation site, and assess outcomes. METHODS: From January 2000 to January 2017, 775 patients underwent emergency acute type A dissection repair. Initial axillary cannulation was performed in 617 (80%), femoral in 93 (12%), and central in 65 (8.4%). In-hospital mortality and stroke risk factors were identified using logistic regression. RESULTS: Reasons for selecting initial central or femoral instead of axillary cannulation included unsuitable axillary anatomy (n = 67; 42%), surgeon preference (n = 38; 24%), hemodynamic instability (n = 34; 22%), and preexisting cannulation (n = 19; 12%). Cannulation site was shifted or added intraoperatively in 82 (11%), with initial cannulation site being axillary (n = 23 of 617; 3.7%), central (6 of 65; 9.2%), or femoral (n = 53 of 93; 57%), for surgeon preference (n = 60; 73%), high flow resistance (n = 13; 16%), increased aortic false lumen flow (n = 6; 7.3%), and other (n = 3; 3.7%). In-hospital mortality was 8.6% (n = 67; lowest for axillary, 7.3% [P = .02]) and stroke 8.3% (n = 64). Hemodynamic instability (odds ratio [OR], 7.6; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.2-14), limb ischemia (OR, 3.7; 95% CI, 1.5-9.3), stroke (OR, 5.5; 95% CI, 2.2-14), and aortic regurgitation (OR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.2-4.2) at presentation were risk factors for mortality and central cannulation site (OR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.05-5.1) and aortic stenosis (OR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.2-4.6) for stroke. CONCLUSIONS: Systematic initial axillary cannulation for acute type A dissection repair is safe and effective and can be tailored to patients' specific needs. With this strategy, comparable outcomes are observed among cannulation sites and are largely determined according to patient presentation rather than cannulation site.

18.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 157(5): 1891-1903.e9, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30709676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare safety and clinical effectiveness of negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) with traditional wound therapy for managing noninfected open chests with delayed sternal closure after cardiac surgery. METHODS: From January 2000 to July 2015, 452 of 47,325 patients who underwent full sternotomy left the operating room with a noninfected open chest (0.96%), managed using NPWT in 214-with frequency of use rapidly increasing to near 100%-and traditionally in 238. Predominant indications for open-chest management were uncontrolled coagulopathy or hemodynamic compromise on attempted chest closure. Weighted propensity-score matching was used to assess in-hospital complications and time-related survival. RESULTS: NPWT and traditionally managed patients had similar high-risk preoperative profiles. Most underwent reoperations (63% of the NPWT group and 57% of the traditional group), and 21% versus 25% were emergency procedures. Reexplorations for bleeding were less common with NPWT versus traditional wound therapy (n = 63 [29%] vs 104 [44%], P = .002). Median duration of open-chest to definitive sternal closure was 3.5 days for NPWT versus 3.1 for traditionally managed patients (P[log rank] = .07). Seven patients (3.3%) were converted from NPWT to traditional therapy because of hemodynamic intolerance and 6 (2.5%) from traditional to NPWT. No NPWT-related cardiovascular injuries occurred. Among matched patients, NPWT was associated with better early survival (61% vs 44% at 6 months; P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: NPWT is safe and effective for managing noninfected open chests after cardiac surgery. By facilitating open-chest management and potentially improving outcomes, it has become our therapy of choice and perhaps has lowered our threshold for leaving the chest open after cardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa , Esternotomia , Cicatrização , Idoso , Transfusão de Sangue , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa/efeitos adversos , Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa/mortalidade , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/fisiopatologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Esternotomia/efeitos adversos , Esternotomia/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 107(5): 1409-1415, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30476474

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation therapy with warfarin is common before heart transplantation and complicates perioperative management. METHODS: This single-center, noninterventional, retrospective cohort study evaluated heart transplant patients before and after institution of a prothrombin complex concentrates-based preoperative warfarin reversal protocol for heart transplantation. Patients with international normalized ratio (INR) greater than 1.5 who received prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) before heart transplant surgery were compared with a control group before implementation of a PCC protocol. Coprimary endpoints were utilization of individual blood products. Secondary endpoints included in-hospital mortality, reoperation for bleeding, delayed sternal closure, thromboembolic events, duration of chest tube use, time to extubation, intensive care unit length of stay, and hospital length of stay. RESULTS: The study included 106 consecutive heart transplant patients (PCC cohort = 57, historical control cohort = 49). There was a significant reduction in fresh frozen plasma utilization in the PCC cohort (6 units versus 8 units, p = 0.002). Rates of packed red blood cells and platelet transfusion were similar between groups. There was a significant increase in the incidence of cryoprecipitate utilization in the PCC cohort, which can likely be attributed to decreased antifibrinolytic utilization. There were no differences in secondary endpoints between groups, including thromboembolic events. CONCLUSIONS: This study found that a PCC-based warfarin reversal protocol significantly reduced fresh frozen plasma utilization compared with historical controls without affecting other clinically important surgical outcomes. These data suggest that PCC is a valuable tool for INR normalization that could safely reduce fresh frozen plasma administration and offer a practical alternative to traditional approaches for INR reversal before heart transplantation.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Coagulação Sanguínea/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Varfarina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Transfusão de Sangue , Protocolos Clínicos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Coeficiente Internacional Normatizado , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Plasma , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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