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1.
Biophys J ; 91(7): 2564-72, 2006 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16829561

RESUMO

Formins bind actin filaments and play an essential role in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton. In this work we describe details of the formin-induced conformational changes in actin filaments by fluorescence-lifetime and anisotropy-decay experiments. The results show that the binding of the formin homology 2 domain of a mammalian formin (mouse mDia1) to actin filaments resulted in a less rigid protein structure in the microenvironment of the Cys374 of actin, weakening of the interactions between neighboring actin protomers, and greater overall flexibility of the actin filaments. The formin effect is smaller at greater ionic strength. The results show that formin binding to the barbed end of actin filaments is responsible for the increase of flexibility of actin filaments. One formin dimer can affect the dynamic properties of an entire filament. Analyses of the results obtained at various formin/actin concentration ratios indicate that at least 160 actin protomers are affected by the binding of a single formin dimer to the barbed end of a filament.


Assuntos
Citoesqueleto de Actina/química , Proteínas de Transporte/química , Modelos Moleculares , Regulação Alostérica , Dimerização , Fluorescência , Concentração Osmolar , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína
2.
J Biol Chem ; 281(16): 10727-36, 2006 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16490788

RESUMO

The members of the formin family nucleate actin polymerization and play essential roles in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton during a wide range of cellular and developmental processes. In the present work, we describe the effects of mDia1-FH2 on the conformation of actin filaments by using a temperature-dependent fluorescence resonance energy transfer method. Our results revealed that actin filaments were more flexible in the presence than in the absence of formin. The effect strongly depends on the mDia1-FH2 concentration in a way that indicates that more than one mechanism is responsible for the formin effect. In accordance with the more flexible filament structure, the thermal stability of actin decreased and the rate of phosphate dissociation from actin filaments increased in the presence of formin. The interpretation of the results supports a model in which formin binding to barbed ends makes filaments more flexible through long range allosteric interactions, whereas binding of formin to the sides of the filaments stabilizes the protomer-protomer interactions. These results suggest that formins can regulate the conformation of actin filaments and may thus also modulate the affinity of actin-binding proteins to filaments nucleated/capped by formins.


Assuntos
Citoesqueleto de Actina/química , Proteínas de Transporte/fisiologia , Proteínas Fetais/metabolismo , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Actinas/química , Sítio Alostérico , Animais , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Proteínas de Transporte/química , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Dimerização , Proteínas Fetais/química , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Temperatura Alta , Camundongos , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/química , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Modelos Biológicos , Modelos Químicos , Conformação Molecular , Proteínas Nucleares/química , Fosfatos/química , Ligação Proteica , Subunidades Proteicas/química , Proteínas/química , Temperatura , Termodinâmica
3.
FEBS Lett ; 579(1): 6-10, 2005 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15620683

RESUMO

The stabilisation of magnesium actin filaments by phalloidin and jasplakinolide was studied using the method of differential scanning calorimetry. The results showed that actin could adapt three conformations in the presence of drugs. One conformation was adapted in direct interaction with the drug, while another conformation was identical to that observed in the absence of drugs. A third conformation was induced through allosteric inter-protomer interactions. The effect of both drugs propagated cooperatively along the actin filaments. The number of the cooperative units determined by using a quantitative model was larger for jasplakinolide (15 actin protomers) than for phalloidin (7 protomers).


Assuntos
Citoesqueleto de Actina/química , Citoesqueleto de Actina/efeitos dos fármacos , Depsipeptídeos/farmacologia , Modelos Químicos , Faloidina/farmacologia , Citoesqueleto de Actina/metabolismo , Animais , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Magnésio/metabolismo , Conformação Molecular , Coelhos , Temperatura
4.
Biophys J ; 87(2): 1146-54, 2004 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15298917

RESUMO

The effect of binding the Trp-free motor domain mutant of Dictyostelium discoideum, rabbit skeletal muscle myosin S1, and tropomyosin on the dynamics and conformation of actin filaments was characterized by an analysis of steady-state tryptophan phosphorescence spectra and phosphorescence decay kinetics over a temperature range of 140-293 K. The binding of the Trp-free motor domain mutant of D. discoideum to actin caused red shifts in the phosphorescence spectrum of two internal Trp residues of actin and affected the intrinsic lifetime of each emitter, decreasing by roughly twofold the short phosphorescence lifetime components (tau(1) and tau(2)) and increasing by approximately 20% the longest component (tau(3)). The alteration of actin phosphorescence by the motor protein suggests that i), structural changes occur deep down in the core of actin and that ii), subtle changes in conformation appear also on the surface but in regions distant from the motor domain binding site. When actin formed complexes with skeletal S1, an extra phosphorescence lifetime component appeared (tau(4), twice as long as tau(3)) in the phosphorescence decay that is absent in the isolated proteins. The lack of this extra component in the analogous actin-Trp-free motor domain mutant of D. discoideum complex suggests that it should be assigned to Trps in S1 that in the complex attain a more compact local structure. Our data indicated that the binding of tropomyosin to actin filaments had no effect on the structure or flexibility of actin observable by this technique.


Assuntos
Actinas/química , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Proteínas Motores Moleculares/química , Subfragmentos de Miosina/química , Tropomiosina/química , Triptofano/química , Actinas/genética , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Dictyostelium/genética , Dictyostelium/metabolismo , Substâncias Macromoleculares/química , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Coelhos , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triptofano/genética
5.
FEBS Lett ; 565(1-3): 163-6, 2004 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15135072

RESUMO

In this work the effect of phalloidin and jasplakinolide on the dynamic properties and thermal stability of actin filaments was studied. Temperature dependent fluorescence resonance energy transfer measurements showed that filaments of Ca-actin became more rigid in the presence of phalloidin or jasplakinolide. Differential scanning calorimetric data implied that the stiffer filaments also had greater thermal stability in the presence of phalloidin or jasplakinolide. The fluorescence and calorimetric measurements provided evidences that the extent of stabilization by jasplakinolide was greater than that by phalloidin.


Assuntos
Actinas/química , Depsipeptídeos , Peptídeos Cíclicos/farmacologia , Faloidina/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Calorimetria , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Conformação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Coelhos , Temperatura , Termodinâmica
6.
Eur J Biochem ; 270(24): 4835-45, 2003 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14653810

RESUMO

Atomic models of the myosin motor domain with different bound nucleotides have revealed the open and closed conformations of the switch 2 element [Geeves, M.A. & Holmes, K.C. (1999) Annu. Rev. Biochem.68, 687-728]. The two conformations are in dynamic equilibrium, which is controlled by the bound nucleotide. In the present work we attempted to characterize the flexibility of the motor domain in the open and closed conformations in rabbit skeletal myosin subfragment 1. Three residues (Ser181, Lys553 and Cys707) were labelled with fluorophores and the probes identified three fluorescence resonance energy transfer pairs. The effect of ADP, ADP.BeFx, ADP.AlF4- and ADP.Vi on the conformation of the motor domain was shown by applying temperature-dependent fluorescence resonance energy transfer methods. The 50 kDa lower domain was found to maintain substantial rigidity in both the open and closed conformations to provide the structural basis of the interaction of myosin with actin. The flexibility of the 50 kDa upper domain was high in the open conformation and further increased in the closed conformation. The converter region of subfragment 1 became more rigid during the open-to-closed transition, the conformational change of which can provide the mechanical basis of the energy transduction from the nucleotide-binding pocket to the light-chain-binding domain.


Assuntos
Miosinas/química , Actinas/química , Difosfato de Adenosina/química , Adenosina Trifosfatases/química , Trifosfato de Adenosina/química , Animais , Anisotropia , Domínio Catalítico , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Hidrólise , Magnésio/química , Modelos Moleculares , Modelos Estatísticos , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Conformação Proteica , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Coelhos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Temperatura
7.
Eur Biophys J ; 31(2): 145-52, 2002 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12012118

RESUMO

Erythrocytes of various mammalian species -- including human -- maintain osmotic balance with the blood plasma (osmotic activity 270-310 mosmol). However, their intracellular levels of osmotically active ions (potassium, sodium, chloride, and hydrogencarbonate), water content and osmotic resistance deviate significantly. In the present report we study the relationship among intracellular water, potassium and sodium levels of the erythrocytes of various mammalian species and in the developing calf. In addition, the osmotic resistance, K(+) (Rb(+)) uptake and the DPH fluorescence anisotropy of various erythrocytes and erythrocyte ghost membranes were correlated. The results show no statistically significant relationship between erythrocyte water content and [K(+)+Na(+)] levels or K(+)/Na(+) ratios. The reversal of erythrocyte K(+)/Na(+) ratios coincides with the decrease of steady-state ATP levels in the developing calf. The mobility of lipids within the hydrophobic inner layer of the plasma membrane relates closely to passive K(+) (Rb(+)) uptake, and plays a significant role in regulatory volume changes.


Assuntos
Eritrócitos/fisiologia , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Anisotropia , Fenômenos Biofísicos , Biofísica , Western Blotting , Cátions , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Membrana Eritrocítica/metabolismo , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Hemoglobinas/química , Humanos , Íons , Manitol/farmacologia , Osmose , Potássio/química , Potássio/farmacologia , Rubídio/química , Sódio/química , Sódio/farmacologia , ATPase Trocadora de Sódio-Potássio/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Água/química
8.
Eur J Biochem ; 269(3): 842-9, 2002 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11846785

RESUMO

The fluorescence resonance energy transfer parameter, f, is defined as the efficiency of the energy transfer normalized by the quantum yield of the donor in the presence of acceptor. It is possible to characterize the flexibility of the protein matrix between the appropriate fluorescent probes by monitoring the temperature dependence of f. The intermonomer flexibility of the Ca-actin and Mg-actin filaments was characterized by using this method at pH values of 6.5 and 7.4. The protomers were labeled on Cys374 with donor [N-(((iodoacetyl)amino)ethyl)-5-naphthylamine-1-sulfonate; IAEDANS] or acceptor [5-(iodoacetamido)fluorescein; IAF] molecules. The temperature profile of f suggested that the intermonomer flexibility of actin filaments was larger at pH 7.4 than pH 6.5 in the case of Mg-F-actin while this difference was absent in the case of Ca-F-actin. More rigid intermonomer connection was identified at both pH values between the protomers of Mg-F-actin compared to the Ca-F-actin. The results were further supported by time dependent fluorescence measurements made on IAEDANS and IAF labeled Mg- and Ca-actin filaments at pH 6.5 and 7.4. Our spectroscopic results may suggest that the altered function of muscle following the change of pH within the muscle cells under physiological or pathological conditions might be affected by the modified dynamic properties of the magnesium saturated actin filaments. The change of the intracellular pH does not have an effect on the intermonomer flexibility of the Ca-actin filaments.


Assuntos
Citoesqueleto de Actina/química , Actinas/química , Actinas/metabolismo , Citoesqueleto de Actina/metabolismo , Animais , Cálcio/metabolismo , Fluoresceínas/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Magnésio/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/química , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Naftalenossulfonatos/química , Coelhos , Análise Espectral/métodos
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