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1.
Nat Genet ; 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659325

RESUMO

Aortic calcification is an important independent predictor of future cardiovascular events. We performed a genome-wide association meta-analysis to determine SNPs associated with the extent of abdominal aortic calcification (n = 9,417) or descending thoracic aortic calcification (n = 8,422). Two genetic loci, HDAC9 and RAP1GAP, were associated with abdominal aortic calcification at a genome-wide level (P < 5.0 × 10-8). No SNPs were associated with thoracic aortic calcification at the genome-wide threshold. Increased expression of HDAC9 in human aortic smooth muscle cells promoted calcification and reduced contractility, while inhibition of HDAC9 in human aortic smooth muscle cells inhibited calcification and enhanced cell contractility. In matrix Gla protein-deficient mice, a model of human vascular calcification, mice lacking HDAC9 had a 40% reduction in aortic calcification and improved survival. This translational genomic study identifies the first genetic risk locus associated with calcification of the abdominal aorta and describes a previously unknown role for HDAC9 in the development of vascular calcification.

2.
Eur J Haematol ; 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536656

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate survival in Swedish and Norwegian myelofibrosis (MF) patients who received ruxolitinib. METHODS: Swedish and Norwegian patients with MF diagnosis in the National Cancer Registries (Sweden: 2001-2015; Norway: 2002-2016) and ≥1 record of ruxolitinib in the Prescribed Drug Registries (2013-2017) were included. Patients were followed from ruxolitinib initiation until death or end of follow-up; those who discontinued ruxolitinib were followed from ruxolitinib discontinuation. Relative survival (RS) and excess mortality rate ratios (EMRRs) were calculated vs a matched general population. Average loss in life expectancy (LEL) was predicted using flexible parametric models. RESULTS: Among patients who initiated ruxolitinib (n = 190), 1- and 4-year RS were 0.80 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.74, 0.86) and 0.52 (95% CI: 0.42, 0.64), respectively, and LEL was 11 years. EMRR was greater in patients aged >70 vs <60 years (3.16; 95% CI: 1.34-7.40). Among patients who discontinued ruxolitinib (n = 71), median RS was 16.0 months (95% CI: 6.3, NE), and LEL was 12 years. After ruxolitinib treatment discontinuation, Swedish patients (n = 37) received glucocorticoids, hydroxyurea, busulfan, danazol and lenalidomide. CONCLUSION: Swedish and Norwegian MF patients who discontinued ruxolitinib had dismal survival outcomes and limited subsequent treatment options, highlighting the need for improved therapies.

3.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4267, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537805

RESUMO

Identifying methylation quantitative trait loci (meQTLs) and integrating them with disease-associated variants from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) may illuminate functional mechanisms underlying genetic variant-disease associations. Here, we perform GWAS of >415 thousand CpG methylation sites in whole blood from 4170 individuals and map 4.7 million cis- and 630 thousand trans-meQTL variants targeting >120 thousand CpGs. Independent replication is performed in 1347 participants from two studies. By linking cis-meQTL variants with GWAS results for cardiovascular disease (CVD) traits, we identify 92 putatively causal CpGs for CVD traits by Mendelian randomization analysis. Further integrating gene expression data reveals evidence of cis CpG-transcript pairs causally linked to CVD. In addition, we identify 22 trans-meQTL hotspots each targeting more than 30 CpGs and find that trans-meQTL hotspots appear to act in cis on expression of nearby transcriptional regulatory genes. Our findings provide a powerful meQTL resource and shed light on DNA methylation involvement in human diseases.

4.
Cancer Med ; 8(14): 6476-6484, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489978

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The overexpression and knockdown of PLK4 were both reported to generate aneuploidy. Thus, we aimed to investigate whether genetic variants in PLK4 contribute to the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: We evaluated associations of common variants in PLK4 and its promoter for the risk of HCC in our association study (1300 cases and 1344 controls). The genotype-tissue expression (GTEx) and The cancer genome atlas (TCGA) databases were used to quantify the expression of PLK4. Cell proliferation and migration affected by PLK4 in HCC were assessed in vitro. Drug susceptibility testing (DST) model was used to assess the sensibility of PLK4-activated HCC to CFI-400945, a small molecule inhibitor of PLK4. RESULTS: Herein, we found a significant association between rs3811741, located in the PLK4 intron, and liver cancer risk (OR = 1.26, P = 9.81 × 10-5 ). Although PLK4 expressed at lower levels in somatic tissues compared to the testis, the risk allele A of rs3811741 was associated with increased PLK4 expression in liver cancer tissues. Additionally, PLK4 high expression was remarkably associated with shortened survival of HCC (HR = 1.97, P = .001). Furthermore, overexpression of PLK4 promoted, while knockdown of PLK4 suppressed cancer cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. DST model demonstrated that CFI-400945 can effectively suppress rampant proliferation of HCC with highly expressed PLK4. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our study demonstrated that PLK4 is a susceptibility gene and plays an oncogenic role in HCC. Furthermore, we identified that PLK4 sensitives HCC to CFI-400945, which may be an ideal therapy target for HCC.

5.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(26): 27516-27533, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31338758

RESUMO

With rapid industrialization and urbanization, regional water shortages and water quality deterioration have posed great challenges for the sustainable development of cities in North China, especially those with a large demand for agricultural irrigation water. Based on an input-output analysis, this paper develops a dynamic optimization model consisting of three sub-models and multiple constraint conditions to solve the water crisis of Baoding, a typical city experiencing water shortages and serious water pollution in North China. The water resource carrying capacity (WRCC) indicator is introduced in the analysis of the results to comprehensively assess the effect of integrated water environmental policies (IWEPs) from 2013 to 2025. In the optimal scenario, the annual chemical oxygen demand (COD) discharge and annual water demand in Baoding can be reduced by 2.6% and 0.6%, respectively, with an annual gross regional product (GRP) growth rate of 7.52%. The WRCC can be improved from moderately overloaded to weakly unsaturated, which indicates that water resources can meet the socioeconomic development requirements. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of the linear optimization model with input-output analysis in coordinating the relationships among water demand, water environment protection, and economic development, and the IWEPs provide an applicable reference for decision-makers in Baoding and other similar cities in North China to address deteriorating water systems.

6.
Epigenetics ; : 1-16, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282290

RESUMO

DNA methylation (DNAm) and microRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in a wide-range of human diseases. While often studied in isolation, DNAm and miRNAs are not independent. We analyzed associations of expression of 283 miRNAs with DNAm at >400K CpG sites in whole blood obtained from 3565 individuals and identified 227 CpGs at which differential methylation was associated with the expression of 40 nearby miRNAs (cis-miR-eQTMs) at FDR<0.01, including 91 independent CpG sites at r2 < 0.2. cis-miR-eQTMs were enriched for CpGs in promoter and polycomb-repressed state regions, and 60% were inversely associated with miRNA expression. Bidirectional Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis further identified 58 cis-miR-eQTMCpG-miRNA pairs where DNAm changes appeared to drive miRNA expression changes and opposite directional effects were unlikely. Integration of genetic variants in joint analyses revealed an average partial between cis-miR-eQTM CpGs and miRNAs of 2% after conditioning on site-specific genetic variation, suggesting that DNAm is an important epigenetic regulator of miRNA expression. Finally, two-step MR analysis was performed to identify putatively causal CpGs driving miRNA expression in relation to human complex traits. We found that an imprinted region on 14q32 that was previously identified in relation to age at menarche is enriched with cis-miR-eQTMs. Nine CpGs and three miRNAs at this locus tested causal for age at menarche, reflecting novel epigenetic-driven molecular pathways underlying this complex trait. Our study sheds light on the joint genetic and epigenetic regulation of miRNA expression and provides insights into the relations of miRNAs to their targets and to complex phenotypes.

7.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(6): e195718, 2019 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199446

RESUMO

Importance: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been identified as a major risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the associations between HBV infection and other cancer types are not well understood. Objective: To assess the associations between chronic HBV infection and risk of all cancer types. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based study involved 3 cohorts in China. The China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) prospective cohort study, conducted between June 2004 and July 2008, used a dipstick assay for detection of serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among 496 732 participants to determine the association between HBV infection and risk of all cancer types. Two cohort studies were used to validate the associations by applying more precise serum HBsAg detection assays: the Qidong cohort (37 336 participants enrolled from November 2007 to April 2011) and the Changzhou nested case-control study (17 723 participants enrolled from June 2004 to September 2005). A total of 97 samples of stomach cancer tissues, 10 samples of pancreatic cancer tissues, and 9 samples of lung cancer tissues were included to assess the presence of HBV replication and expression. Statistical analysis was performed from December 2016 to October 2018. Exposures: Serum HBsAg status in the population-based stage and HBV DNA status, the expression of hepatitis B X protein, and hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) in the tissue-based stage. Main Outcomes and Measures: Incidence of all cancer types during follow-up. Results: In the CKB cohort, the mean (SD) age of the 496 732 participants was 51.5 (10.7) years; 59.0% of the participants were women. After 4.4 million person-years of follow-up, participants who were HBsAg seropositive (n = 15 355) had a higher risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (hazard ratio [HR], 15.77; 95% CI, 14.15-17.57), stomach cancer (HR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.11-1.80), colorectal cancer (HR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.12-1.81), oral cancer (HR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.01-2.49), pancreatic cancer (HR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.03-2.65), and lymphoma (HR, 2.10; 95% CI, 1.34-3.31) when compared with participants who were HBsAg seronegative (n = 481 377). Because of the limitation of sample size, only associations of HBV infection with hepatocellular carcinoma and stomach cancer were validated in the Qidong cohort (hepatocellular carcinoma: HR, 17.51; 95% CI, 13.86-22.11; stomach cancer: HR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.24-3.29); the Changzhou nested case-control study validated only an association between HBV infection and stomach cancer (odds ratio, 1.76; 95% CI, 1.04-2.98). Moreover, among 22 participants with stomach cancer from the Qidong cohort who were anti-HBc seropositive, 12 samples (54.5%) of cancer tissues were HBV DNA positive, while among 25 participants with stomach cancer who were anti-HBc seronegative, no HBV DNA was detected. The same negative and positive rate was observed in the validation set from Zhejiang Tumor Hospital (19 of 35 samples [54.3%] were HBV DNA positive). Moreover, among the 8 patients with stomach cancer from the Qidong cohort who were anti-HBc seropositive, anti-HBc and hepatitis B X protein were expressed in all of their stomach cancer tissue samples. The same phenomenon was observed in the patients with pancreatic cancer but not in the patients with lung cancer, which was consistent with the population-based results of the CKB cohort. Conclusions and Relevance: This study found that HBV infection was also associated with the risk of nonliver cancer, especially digestive system cancers among adults in China.

8.
Opt Express ; 27(8): 10826-10838, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31052937

RESUMO

Near-surface nanoscale damage precursor generated from the fabrication process has great influence on laser-induced damage threshold improvement of fused silica. In this work, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) is used to characterize the arrangement of material particles near surface. The nanoscale defects in the Beilby layer could be clearly distinguished. And we find ion beam etching (IBE) has little effect on the arrangement of material particles. This microscopic phenomenon makes IBE a promising technique for the detection of nanoscale near-surface damage precursors. To further investigate the nanoscale near-surface damage after chemical mechanical polishing, a trench is generated by ion sputtering to contain the nature and characteristics of nanoscale precursors in different depths. The evolutions of chemical structure defects and nanoparticles are measured and their laser-induced absorption performance are tested. The results show that there is a nanoscale defect layer (~360nm) beneath the Beilby layer. A model for nanoscale defect layer of fused silica after CMP is offered. In the model, the quantitative density of nanoparticles falls exponentially with increasing the depth and the contents of ODC and NBOHC decreases linearly, respectively. Research results can be a reference on characterizing nanoscale defects near surface and conducting post-processing technologies to improve the laser damage resistance property of fused silica.

9.
Dev Sci ; : e12856, 2019 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31081980

RESUMO

Diminished social motivation is hypothesized to explain abnormal face scanning pattern in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), especially reduced eye-looking time in ASDs than typically developing (TD) people. Here, we tested an alternative explanation that children with ASD may use a compensatory strategy to avoid direct eye contact by processing the eyes through peripheral vision. We compared the face scanning patterns of children with and without ASD in two conditions: in the clear condition, the face was completely visible; in the blur condition, by using the gaze-contingent paradigm, the whole face was blurred except for a small region being fixated at, thus children could not rely on the peripheral information to process the eyes. We found that children with ASD fixated less on the eyes than TD children in both conditions. Temporal-course analyses further revealed the possible motivation-based guidance of attention to process the eyes in the TD group but not in the ASD group. Additionally, we found that children with ASD scanned faces more randomly and less strategically than TD children. These results have ruled out the alternative hypothesis that the abnormal face scanning pattern in ASDs was due to their compensatory strategy to process eyes through peripheral vision, furthering our understanding of the mechanisms underlying their abnormal face scanning.

10.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0216222, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fibrinogen is an essential hemostatic factor and cardiovascular disease risk factor. Early attempts at evaluating the causal effect of fibrinogen on coronary heart disease (CHD) and myocardial infraction (MI) using Mendelian randomization (MR) used single variant approaches, and did not take advantage of recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) or multi-variant, pleiotropy robust MR methodologies. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We evaluated evidence for a causal effect of fibrinogen on both CHD and MI using MR. We used both an allele score approach and pleiotropy robust MR models. The allele score was composed of 38 fibrinogen-associated variants from recent GWAS. Initial analyses using the allele score used a meta-analysis of 11 European-ancestry prospective cohorts, free of CHD and MI at baseline, to examine incidence CHD and MI. We also applied 2 sample MR methods with data from a prevalent CHD and MI GWAS. Results are given in terms of the hazard ratio (HR) or odds ratio (OR), depending on the study design, and associated 95% confidence interval (CI). In single variant analyses no causal effect of fibrinogen on CHD or MI was observed. In multi-variant analyses using incidence CHD cases and the allele score approach, the estimated causal effect (HR) of a 1 g/L higher fibrinogen concentration was 1.62 (CI = 1.12, 2.36) when using incident cases and the allele score approach. In 2 sample MR analyses that accounted for pleiotropy, the causal estimate (OR) was reduced to 1.18 (CI = 0.98, 1.42) and 1.09 (CI = 0.89, 1.33) in the 2 most precise (smallest CI) models, out of 4 models evaluated. In the 2 sample MR analyses for MI, there was only very weak evidence of a causal effect in only 1 out of 4 models. CONCLUSIONS: A small causal effect of fibrinogen on CHD is observed using multi-variant MR approaches which account for pleiotropy, but not single variant MR approaches. Taken together, results indicate that even with large sample sizes and multi-variant approaches MR analyses still cannot exclude the null when estimating the causal effect of fibrinogen on CHD, but that any potential causal effect is likely to be much smaller than observed in epidemiological studies.

11.
Cancer Med ; 8(6): 3086-3093, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31033235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accompanied by HBV infection, HBV mutations gradually occur because HBV polymerase appears proofread deficiencies. In our previous study, we have identified that EnhII/BCP/PC mutations and genotype C of HBV DNA were associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk. In this study, we extend our research to explore HCC prognosis associated genotype and mutations in EnhII/BCP/PC regions. METHODS: We designed a case-cohort study of 331 HCC patients to evaluate the effects of the HBV genotypes and mutations on HCC survival. Log-rank test and Cox proportional hazard models were used for the analyses. RESULTS: Results showed that genotype C, which was more frequent in HBV-related HCC (77.4%), presented a negative signal with HCC survival. Interestingly, we detected a significant association between EnhII/BCP/PC mutation nt1753 and HCC prognosis (Log-rank P = 0.034). Subgroup analysis revealed that this risk effect was more pronounced in non-B genotype (P = 0.090 for heterogeneity test). We also detected a borderline multiplicative interaction between genotypes of nt1753 and HBV genotype on HCC survival (P for interaction = 0.069). CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicated that, in Chinese population, nt1753 in EnhII/BCP/PC region might be a novel marker for HCC prognosis.

12.
Diabetes ; 68(5): 1073-1083, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30936141

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D). We aimed to identify the peripheral blood DNA methylation signature of hepatic fat. We conducted epigenome-wide association studies of hepatic fat in 3,400 European ancestry (EA) participants and in 401 Hispanic ancestry and 724 African ancestry participants from four population-based cohort studies. Hepatic fat was measured using computed tomography or ultrasound imaging and DNA methylation was assessed at >400,000 cytosine-guanine dinucleotides (CpGs) in whole blood or CD14+ monocytes using a commercial array. We identified 22 CpGs associated with hepatic fat in EA participants at a false discovery rate <0.05 (corresponding P = 6.9 × 10-6) with replication at Bonferroni-corrected P < 8.6 × 10-4 Mendelian randomization analyses supported the association of hypomethylation of cg08309687 (LINC00649) with NAFLD (P = 2.5 × 10-4). Hypomethylation of the same CpG was also associated with risk for new-onset T2D (P = 0.005). Our study demonstrates that a peripheral blood-derived DNA methylation signature is robustly associated with hepatic fat accumulation. The hepatic fat-associated CpGs may represent attractive biomarkers for T2D. Future studies are warranted to explore mechanisms and to examine DNA methylation signatures of NAFLD across racial/ethnic groups.

13.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 175(3): 691-699, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30868394

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the prognostic effect of the integration of genomic and transcriptomic profiles in breast cancer. METHODS: Eight hundred and ten samples from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data sets were randomly divided into the training set (540 subjects) and validation set (270 subjects). We first selected single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) and genes associated with breast cancer prognosis in the training set to construct the prognostic prediction model, and then replicated the prediction efficiency in the validation set. RESULTS: Four SNPs and three genes associated with the prognosis of breast cancer in the training set were included in the prognostic model. Patients were divided into the high-risk group and low-risk group based on the four SNPs and three genes signature-based genetic prognostic index. High-risk patients showed a significant worse overall survival [Hazard Ratio (HR) 9.43, 95% confidence interval (CI) 3.81-23.33, P < 0.001] than the low-risk group. Compared to the model constructed with only gene expression, the C statistics for the signature-based genetic prognostic index [area under curves (AUC) = 0.79, 95% CI 0.72-0.86] showed a significant increase (P < 0.001). Additionally, we further replicated the prognostic prediction model in the validation set as patients in the high-risk group also showed a significantly worse overall survival (HR 4.55, 95% CI 1.50-13.88, P < 0.001), and the C statistics for the signature-based genetic prognostic index was 0.76 (95% CI 0.65-0.86). The following time-dependent ROC revealed that the mean of AUCs were 0.839 and 0.748 in the training set and the validation set, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that integrating genomic and transcriptomic profiles could greatly improve the predictive efficiency of the prognosis of breast cancer patients.

14.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 6595189, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30728888

RESUMO

In order to use stem cells as a resource for tissue regeneration, it is necessary to induce expansion in vitro. However, during culture, stem cells often lose functional properties and become senescent. Increasing evidence indicates that hypoxic preconditioning with physiological oxygen concentration can maintain the functional properties of stem cells in vitro. The purpose of the current study was to test the hypothesis that hypoxic preconditioning with physiological oxygen concentration can maintain the functional properties of stem cells in culture by reducing oxidative stress. In vitro studies were performed in primary human dental pulp cells (hDPCs). Reduced levels of oxidative stress and increased cellular "stemness" in response to physiological hypoxia were dependent upon the expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Subsequently, RNA-sequencing analysis revealed the increased expression of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling in culture, a pathway which regulates oxidative stress. Furthermore, we found evidence that PI3K/Akt signaling might affect intracellular ROS production by negatively regulating expression of the downstream protein Forkhead Box Protein O1 (FOXO1) and Caspase 3. Collectively, our data show that the PI3K/Akt pathway is activated in response to hypoxia and inhibits oxidative stress in a ROS-dependent manner. This study identified redox-mediated hypoxic preconditioning regulatory mechanisms that may be significant for tissue regeneration.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Transdução de Sinais , Adulto Jovem
15.
Blood ; 133(9): 967-977, 2019 02 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30642921

RESUMO

Factor VII (FVII) is an important component of the coagulation cascade. Few genetic loci regulating FVII activity and/or levels have been discovered to date. We conducted a meta-analysis of 9 genome-wide association studies of plasma FVII levels (7 FVII activity and 2 FVII antigen) among 27 495 participants of European and African ancestry. Each study performed ancestry-specific association analyses. Inverse variance weighted meta-analysis was performed within each ancestry group and then combined for a trans-ancestry meta-analysis. Our primary analysis included the 7 studies that measured FVII activity, and a secondary analysis included all 9 studies. We provided functional genomic validation for newly identified significant loci by silencing candidate genes in a human liver cell line (HuH7) using small-interfering RNA and then measuring F7 messenger RNA and FVII protein expression. Lastly, we used meta-analysis results to perform Mendelian randomization analysis to estimate the causal effect of FVII activity on coronary artery disease, ischemic stroke (IS), and venous thromboembolism. We identified 2 novel (REEP3 and JAZF1-AS1) and 6 known loci associated with FVII activity, explaining 19.0% of the phenotypic variance. Adding FVII antigen data to the meta-analysis did not result in the discovery of further loci. Silencing REEP3 in HuH7 cells upregulated FVII, whereas silencing JAZF1 downregulated FVII. Mendelian randomization analyses suggest that FVII activity has a positive causal effect on the risk of IS. Variants at REEP3 and JAZF1 contribute to FVII activity by regulating F7 expression levels. FVII activity appears to contribute to the etiology of IS in the general population.

16.
Circulation ; 139(5): 620-635, 2019 01 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30586737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Factor VIII (FVIII) and its carrier protein von Willebrand factor (VWF) are associated with risk of arterial and venous thrombosis and with hemorrhagic disorders. We aimed to identify and functionally test novel genetic associations regulating plasma FVIII and VWF. METHODS: We meta-analyzed genome-wide association results from 46 354 individuals of European, African, East Asian, and Hispanic ancestry. All studies performed linear regression analysis using an additive genetic model and associated ≈35 million imputed variants with natural log-transformed phenotype levels. In vitro gene silencing in cultured endothelial cells was performed for candidate genes to provide additional evidence on association and function. Two-sample Mendelian randomization analyses were applied to test the causal role of FVIII and VWF plasma levels on the risk of arterial and venous thrombotic events. RESULTS: We identified 13 novel genome-wide significant ( P≤2.5×10-8) associations, 7 with FVIII levels ( FCHO2/TMEM171/TNPO1, HLA, SOX17/RP1, LINC00583/NFIB, RAB5C-KAT2A, RPL3/TAB1/SYNGR1, and ARSA) and 11 with VWF levels ( PDHB/PXK/KCTD6, SLC39A8, FCHO2/TMEM171/TNPO1, HLA, GIMAP7/GIMAP4, OR13C5/NIPSNAP, DAB2IP, C2CD4B, RAB5C-KAT2A, TAB1/SYNGR1, and ARSA), beyond 10 previously reported associations with these phenotypes. Functional validation provided further evidence of association for all loci on VWF except ARSA and DAB2IP. Mendelian randomization suggested causal effects of plasma FVIII activity levels on venous thrombosis and coronary artery disease risk and plasma VWF levels on ischemic stroke risk. CONCLUSIONS: The meta-analysis identified 13 novel genetic loci regulating FVIII and VWF plasma levels, 10 of which we validated functionally. We provide some evidence for a causal role of these proteins in thrombotic events.

17.
J Cell Physiol ; 234(8): 12897-12909, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30556904

RESUMO

Our previous study showed that knocking down integrin α5 (ITGA5) expression by using a lentiviral vector in human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) led to weakening proliferation and migration capacity while enhanced odontogenic differentiation. To seek for possible clinical application, we investigated the effect of the ITGA5 priming synthetic cyclic peptide (SCP; GA-CRRETAWAC-GA) on proliferation, migration, and the odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs. Remarkably, the involved mechanism was explored by isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation proteomic technique, and the in vivo effect of ITGA5 was investigated by nude mice subcutaneous transplantation of cell and hydroxyapatite/ß-tricalcium phosphate complex. Results showed that SCP weakened the proliferation and migration capacity while enhanced odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs as lentivirus. The phosphorylation of FAK, PI3K/AKT, and MEK1/2/ERK1/2, along with IGF2/IGFBP2 and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway play an important role in this process. Proteomic Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analysis revealed the key role of extracellular matrix (ECM) and ECM-receptor activity pathway were involved. ECM constituents, secreted protein acidic and cysteine-rich (SPARC), lumican, vitronectin, prolargin, decorin, collagen type VI α1 chain (COL6A1), COL6A2, COL14A1, and COL5A1 were upregulated in the ITGA5-silenced group. Inhibited expression of ITGA5 in DPSCs increased osteoid tissue formation and stronger related genes expression in vivo. In conclusion, the ITGA5 priming peptide could promote DPSCs odontogenic differentiation as lentivirus. Proteomics and bioinformatic analysis revealed that this may be due to the deposition of ECM and amplified ECM-receptor activity, which could fuel the application process of utilizing priming ITGA5 on dental clinical practice.

18.
Microb Pathog ; 2018 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30476578

RESUMO

Periodontitis is an important inflammatory disease that often causes by periodontopathic bacteria. The present study, we tested the anti-inflammatory effects of plantamajoside on LPS-stimulated human gingival fibroblasts. Human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) were stimulated with LPS from Porphyromonas gingivalis. Plantamajoside was administrated 1 h before LPS treatment. The results demonstrated that plantamajoside decreased the production of PGE2, NO, IL-6, and IL-8 in LPS-stimulated HGFs. LPS-induced NF-κB p65 and IκB phosphorylation were also suppressed by plantamajoside. Furthermore, plantamajoside inhibited LPS-induced PI3K and AKT phosphorylation. In conclusion, these results suggested that the mechanism of plantamajoside was through inhibiting PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, which lead to the inhibition of NF-κB activation and inflammatory response.

19.
Appl Opt ; 57(33): 9770-9776, 2018 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30462009

RESUMO

A wavelength-sensitive plasmonically induced transparency-like (PIT-like) device consisting of a double-layer graphene-based metal-dielectric-metal (MDM) waveguide is proposed. We initially investigate monolayer graphene sandwiched in the MDM waveguide and utilize the phase-matching equation to explain the reflected resonant wavelength of the transmission spectra. The PIT-like windows in the transmission spectra of double-layer graphene can be achieved by tuning the applied bias voltage on the graphene layer and the distance between the graphene layer and metal substrate. We can obtain the high-performance PIT-like devices with a flexible on-off-on effect. We use a finite element method to do all related simulations.

20.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 3853, 2018 09 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30228274

RESUMO

In the originally published version of this Article, financial support was not fully acknowledged. The sentence "KS was supported by the 'Biomedical Research Program' funds at Weill Cornell Medicine in Qatar, a program funded by the Qatar Foundation" has been added to the acknowledgement section in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.

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